|Upazila||Tangail Sadar Upazila-Part, Delduar Upazila-Part|
|• First Mayor||Shashi Shekhar Dutt|
|• Present Mayor||Md.Jamilur Rahman Miron (Bangladesh Awami League)|
|• Total||35.22 km2 (13.60 sq mi)|
|Elevation||14 m (46 ft)|
|• Density||5,302/km2 (13,730/sq mi)|
|Time zone||BST (UTC+6)|
|Postal codes||1900, 1901, 1902|
|Website||Tangail Pourashava Website|
Tangail (Bengali: টাঙ্গাইল, [ʈaŋgail]) is a city of Tangail District situated at the central region of Bangladesh 98 km north-west of Dhaka, the capital. It is one of the important cities of Central Bangladesh and main urban area of Tangail District. The city is located on the bank of Louhajang River.
During early 19th century, horse cars were the main transportation medium for carrying goods and passengers in the present city area. A long line of horse carts used to stand at that time. There is a common belief that the name Tangail has been originated from the word Tanga meaning horse carts.
The pourashava was established on 1 July 1887. During its establishment the town was composed of only 5 wards.
|1||Tangail Kanda Para, Par Dighulia, Akur Takur Para|
|2||Korer Betka, Mirer Betka, Nondir Betka, Sabalia, Dorun, Ashekpur, Nagor Jalfai, Boali|
|3||Garai, Berai, Kazipur, Bachrakandi, Potol, Bajitpur, Berabuchna, Valluk kandi|
|4||Kagmari, Sontosh, Aloa, Boitta, Patuli, Ekrampur|
|5||Kalipur, Dighulia, Sakrail, Kaiyamara, Beradoma, Basha, Khanpur|
Afterwards, The pourashava was reshaped into 4 wards-
Again in 1988 it was subdivided into 6 wards-
Then after some random decisions for few years, in 1999 The town was subdivided into 18 wards and gained its present shape.
First ever election of the town was held in November, 1887. In that election 8 ward commissioners from 4 wards was elected by direct vote of the citizens of the town. On the other hand, The then Subdivision Commissioner of Tangail-Shashi Shekhar Dutt was appointed as the first administrator of Tangail Municipality. There was no pakka street in this town then. No lamp post could be seen in the roads. In 1890s The town was lacking safe water supply too. So the regional zamindars and subdivision board came forward and helped financially to dig ponds, lakes & canals. Those water sources served the local people in safe water supply tremendously.
In early 1900s, The pourashava authority took initiatives to torch the roads for the first time by kerosene lambs.The pourashava gradually became populated in the first half of 20th Century. At that time, many tube wells were set up in the town. The main way of transportation was horse cars within the town. People used their cattle for transportation too.
People of Tangail used to visit Kolkata through Charabari by launch and Dhaka through Mymensingh. In early 1930s, electricity line was first provided in the town. The rickshaws started to roll in town's streets. In 1960s, pakka roads were constructed in the town. In the meantime, Tangail was directly connected to Dhaka by road. Many bridges and culverts were constructed to develop the area also. The town got water supply by pipe lines at that time.
In 1985 Tangail Municipality was promoted to 'B Class' from 'C Class'. Again in 1989 the pourashava was promoted to 'A Class' from 'B Class'. In 1990s, The town was financed by Asian Development Bank and Government of Bangladesh to develop water supply, sanitation, Waste water drainage, Bus Terminal, Super Markets and other infrastructures.
The total area of Tangail city is 35.22 km2. Government of Bangladesh have planned to expand the city recently. After expansion it will have a proposed area of 81.75 km2. The city consists of 18 wards and 64 mahallas until 2016.
|Ward No.||Region||Total Households||Population(2011)|
|1||Akur Takur Para-north, Dewla, District hq||2070||10388|
|3||West Akur Takur Para, North Kagmara, South Kagmara||3205||13903|
|4||Bepari Para, Fakir Para, Bera Doma, Dighulia, Char Dighulia||2119||9208|
|5||Kalipur, Lakshimpur, Sarutia, Shakrail||1614||7235|
|6||College Para, Paradise Para, Par Dighulia-part||1569||6712|
|7||Baluk Kandi, Bagbari, Patuli Bhabani Bagbari, Uttar Santosh-part, Santosh Palpara||1674||7325|
|8||Aloa Bhabani Pahim, Aloa Pahim, Dakshin Santosh-part||1797||8026|
|9||Aloa Baratia, Aloa Paikasta, Aloa Tarini, Baluk Kandi-part, Char Patuli, Purba Aloa, Aloa Bhabani||1888||8575|
|10||Bajitpur, Berai, Basrakandi, Kazipur, Patal||1458||6189|
|11||Berabuchna, Kachua Para,Kanda Para||1929||7536|
|12||Adi Tangail, Bepari Para, Bil Para||1628||7160|
|13||Tangail Mahalla,Chayanir Bazar, Pachanir Bazar, Thana Para, Uttar Thana Para||1792||7572|
|14||Purba Adalat Para, Adalat Para, Biswas Betka-part S.W corn, Shaha Para||2790||11786|
|15||Ashekpur, Biswas Betka-part||2745||12118|
|16||Akur Takur Para-part, Par Dighulia-part||2459||10670|
|17||Kumudini College Para, Munshi Para, Registry Para, Biswas Betka-west||2128||11081|
It would take approximately 1 hour and 55 minutes to go Tangail from Dhaka city, via Kaliakair and Tongi. The distance is around 98 km. From Mohakhali (মহাখালী) bus terminal, several buses use to run for this city. Among them Nirala, Dhaleshwari, Jhatika and High Choice are notable bus services.
Several trains are available from Dhaka to Tangail. Among them most popular one is "Sirajganj Express". Other notable inter city trains those stop in Tangail railway station are: Padma Express, Ekota Express, Nilsagor Express, Silk City Express, Sundarban Express, Drutojan Express, Rangpur Express etc. Some local trains stop in the station too. Those are: Rajshahi Express, Rajshahi Mail, Rangpur Express, Fast Passenger etc. 
The literacy rate of the city area is 71.8% . There are 8 notable high schools in the city. Those are-
There are several colleges in the city.Those are-
Furthermore, Sheikh Hasina Medical College & Tangail Polytechnic Institute  is located here.There is also a technical university named Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University  located at Santosh, Tangail.
Cricket is the most popular sport in Tangail. But football and kabaddi are also popular. All important sports events of the city are held in Tangail Stadium which is situated beside Bhashani hall & Tangail Eid-gah. The stadium has hosted some national events in the past. It was the home venue of Bangladesh Football Premier League club Team BJMC. But it was converted into a Cricket Stadium in 2015. First Division Cricket is regularly hosted in this venue.