Play Video
1
ENDA KENNY   I
ENDA KENNY I'M NOT A CATHOLIC TAOISEACH
::2013/06/12::
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2
So you want to be Taoiseach
So you want to be Taoiseach
::2007/04/13::
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3
Taoiseach
Taoiseach's Diary, 30th October 2013
::2013/11/06::
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4
National Address by An Taoiseach Enda Kenny
National Address by An Taoiseach Enda Kenny
::2013/12/16::
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The Reluctant Taoiseach 1
The Reluctant Taoiseach 1
::2012/10/12::
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6
Ron Burgundy on Taoiseach Enda Kenny
Ron Burgundy on Taoiseach Enda Kenny's Address to the Nation 2013
::2013/12/14::
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7
An Taoiseach Enda Kenny confronted by protesters
An Taoiseach Enda Kenny confronted by protesters
::2014/05/13::
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8
Taoiseach Enda Kenny
Taoiseach Enda Kenny
::2014/04/07::
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9
Statement by Taoiseach Enda Kenny on Magdalene Laundries
Statement by Taoiseach Enda Kenny on Magdalene Laundries
::2013/02/19::
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10
Music by Fiachna O Braonain for Taoiseach
Music by Fiachna O Braonain for Taoiseach
::2010/05/25::
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11
Taoiseach
Taoiseach's Message re Healthy Ireland Framework
::2013/03/27::
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12
2011-03-09 - An Taoiseach Enda Kenny TD/Election of Taoiseach
2011-03-09 - An Taoiseach Enda Kenny TD/Election of Taoiseach
::2011/03/09::
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13
Victoria calls Taoiseach Enda Kenny
Victoria calls Taoiseach Enda Kenny
::2014/03/25::
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14
A Country And Western Taoiseach - Dermot Morgan - Vinyl Rip 1992.flv
A Country And Western Taoiseach - Dermot Morgan - Vinyl Rip 1992.flv
::2011/04/07::
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15
Ireland
Ireland's Taoiseach Bertie Ahern rejects ESRI Economic Advice, March 2000
::2010/11/06::
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16
Taoiseach opens Google
Taoiseach opens Google's 'Foundry'
::2013/09/11::
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17
TAOISEACH LAUNCHES PLAN TO DOUBLE IRELAND
TAOISEACH LAUNCHES PLAN TO DOUBLE IRELAND'S OCEAN WEALTH
::2012/07/31::
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18
Dermot Morgan Live - An Taoiseach
Dermot Morgan Live - An Taoiseach
::2009/04/26::
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19
What
What's the Taoiseach going to do about the doctors' strike?
::2013/10/08::
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20
The
The 'Real' Taoiseach | The Saturday Night Show | Oliver Callan
::2011/03/27::
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21
President Obama Meets with Taoiseach Kenny
President Obama Meets with Taoiseach Kenny
::2011/03/17::
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22
The Original RTE Morning Ireland interview with Taoiseach Brian Cowen  14 th Sept 2010
The Original RTE Morning Ireland interview with Taoiseach Brian Cowen 14 th Sept 2010
::2010/09/14::
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23
An Taoiseach, Enda Kenny - Bord Bia
An Taoiseach, Enda Kenny - Bord Bia's Global Sustainability Conference
::2013/12/04::
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24
Taoiseach Enda Kenny Dances To
Taoiseach Enda Kenny Dances To 'Happy' by Pharrell Williams - ORIGINAL
::2014/05/30::
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25
An TAOISEACH OPENS NEW €4M SCIENCE SUITE at LYIT feature
An TAOISEACH OPENS NEW €4M SCIENCE SUITE at LYIT feature
::2012/10/05::
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26
Micheál Martin
Micheál Martin's Statement to the Dáil on the nomination of Taoiseach
::2011/03/09::
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27
Secretary Hillary Clinton & Taoiseach Enda Kenny Press Conference
Secretary Hillary Clinton & Taoiseach Enda Kenny Press Conference
::2012/12/06::
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28
Taoiseach Enda Kenny heckled in Cork City by anti water charge protestors
Taoiseach Enda Kenny heckled in Cork City by anti water charge protestors
::2014/05/03::
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29
Richard Boyd Barrett challenges Taoiseach Enda Kenny to real and honest debate on renewable energy
Richard Boyd Barrett challenges Taoiseach Enda Kenny to real and honest debate on renewable energy
::2014/04/15::
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30
Adams tells Taoiseach to stand up for Irish interests
Adams tells Taoiseach to stand up for Irish interests
::2012/03/13::
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31
Taoiseach announces 100 new jobs at Salesforce Dublin
Taoiseach announces 100 new jobs at Salesforce Dublin
::2013/07/24::
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32
UCD Alumni Awards 2014 - An Taoiseach, Enda Kenny, TD
UCD Alumni Awards 2014 - An Taoiseach, Enda Kenny, TD
::2014/04/07::
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33
Taoiseach
Taoiseach's Questions 14.05.13
::2013/05/14::
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34
Taoiseach Enda
Taoiseach Enda's New Year Party at DTwo
::2011/12/16::
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35
The Taoiseach of Ireland, Enda Kenny TD
The Taoiseach of Ireland, Enda Kenny TD's St Patrick's Day Message to the people of Manchester.
::2014/03/10::
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36
Taoiseach Winter Ready Campaign
Taoiseach Winter Ready Campaign
::2012/11/12::
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37
Sexy Taoiseach Enda
Sexy Taoiseach Enda's Varad-Kar!
::2012/10/17::
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38
State Funeral of Former Taoiseach Jack Lynch
State Funeral of Former Taoiseach Jack Lynch
::2012/11/07::
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39
Gerry Adams - Taoiseach
Gerry Adams - Taoiseach's Questions - 29th March 2011
::2011/03/29::
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40
Taoiseach officially opens new Sky Ireland HQ in Dublin
Taoiseach officially opens new Sky Ireland HQ in Dublin
::2013/01/18::
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41
The President, the Taoiseach, and the Shamrocks
The President, the Taoiseach, and the Shamrocks
::2009/03/17::
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42
Joe Higgins challenges Taoiseach on Ireland as a tax haven
Joe Higgins challenges Taoiseach on Ireland as a tax haven
::2013/05/28::
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43
Oliver Callan: An address from Taoiseach Enda Kenny
Oliver Callan: An address from Taoiseach Enda Kenny
::2013/04/21::
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44
An Taoiseach Enda Kenny - Message to Foróige Leaders 2012
An Taoiseach Enda Kenny - Message to Foróige Leaders 2012
::2012/03/26::
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45
Taoiseach Enda Kenny Withdraws Remark
Taoiseach Enda Kenny Withdraws Remark
::2014/05/01::
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46
The Reluctant Taoiseach 2
The Reluctant Taoiseach 2
::2012/10/12::
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47
Taoiseach Enda Kenny elected in Dáil - 09/03/2011
Taoiseach Enda Kenny elected in Dáil - 09/03/2011
::2011/03/09::
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48
Taoiseach Enda Kenny
Taoiseach Enda Kenny's arrival in Government Buildings - 9th of March 2011
::2011/03/09::
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49
Taoiseach Enda Kenny: Cloyne Report
Taoiseach Enda Kenny: Cloyne Report
::2011/07/21::
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50
20110406 [Dáil] Questions to An Taoiseach - Census
20110406 [Dáil] Questions to An Taoiseach - Census
::2011/04/14::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Taoiseach of Ireland
EndaKenny.jpg
Incumbent
Enda Kenny

since 9 March 2011
Residence Steward's Lodge, Farmleigh
Nominator Dáil Éireann
Appointer President of Ireland
Term length 5 years maximum per term, but can hold an unlimited number of terms while holding the majority support of Dáil Éireann.
Inaugural holder Éamon de Valera[nb 1]
Formation 29 December 1937[nb 1]
Deputy Tánaiste
Salary €185,350[1]
Website www.taoiseach.ie
Coat of arms of Ireland
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Republic of Ireland

The Taoiseach Listeni/ˈtʃəx/[2] is the head of government or prime minister of Ireland. The Taoiseach is appointed by the President upon the nomination of Dáil Éireann, the lower house of the Oireachtas (parliament), and must, in order to remain in office, retain the support of a majority in the Dáil.[nb 2] The current Taoiseach is Enda Kenny, TD, who was appointed on 9 March 2011.

The word means "chief" in the Irish language. The earliest known use of the term is from a 5th- or 6th-century ogham inscription in both the Gaelic and Brittonic languages.[3]

Overview[edit]

Under the Constitution of Ireland, the Taoiseach must be appointed from among the members of Dáil Éireann. He is nominated by a simple majority of the chamber's members, and formally appointed to office by the President. Since the President is required to appoint whomever the Dáil nominates without the right to decline appointment, it is often said that the Taoiseach is "elected" by the Dáil.

In the event that the Taoiseach loses the support of a majority in Dáil Éireann, he is not automatically removed from office but, rather, is compelled to either resign or persuade the President to dissolve the Dáil. The President may refuse to grant a dissolution and, in effect, force the Taoiseach to resign, but, to date, no president has exercised this prerogative (though the option arose in 1944 and 1994 and twice in 1982). The Taoiseach may lose the support of Dáil Éireann by the passage of a vote of no confidence, the failure of a vote of confidence or, alternatively, the Dáil may refuse supply.[4] In the event of the Taoiseach's resignation, he continues to exercise the duties and functions of his office until the appointment of a successor.

The Taoiseach nominates the remaining members of the Government, who are then, with the consent of the Dáil, appointed by the President. The Taoiseach also has authority to advise the President to dismiss cabinet ministers from office, advice the President is required to follow by convention. He or she is further responsible for appointing eleven members of the Seanad.

The Department of the Taoiseach is the government department which supports and advises the Taoiseach in carrying out his various duties.

Salary[edit]

The Taoiseach's annual salary is €185,350 since 2013.[1] It was cut from €214,187 to €200,000 when Kenny took office, before being cut further to €185,350 under the Haddington Road Agreement in 2013.

A proposed increase of €38,000 in 2007 was deferred when Brian Cowen became Taoiseach[5] and in October 2008, the government announced a 10% salary cut for all ministers, including the Taoiseach.[6] However this was a voluntary cut and the salaries remained nominally the same with ministers and Taoiseach essentially refusing 10% of their salary. This courted controversy in December 2009 when a salary cut of 20% was based on the higher figure before the refused amount was deducted.[7] The Taoiseach is also allowed an additional €118,981 in annual expenses.

Residence[edit]

For the first 70 years of the office's existence, there was no official residence of the Taoiseach. However, in 2008 it was reported that the former Steward's Lodge at Farmleigh adjoining the Phoenix Park would become the official residence of the Taoiseach.[8] The house, which forms part of the Farmleigh estate acquired by the State in 1999 for €29.2m, was renovated at a cost of nearly €600,000 in 2005 by the Office of Public Works. Former Taoiseach Bertie Ahern did not use it as a residence, but his successor Brian Cowen used it "from time to time".[9]

History[edit]

Origins and etymology[edit]

The words Taoiseach and Tánaiste (the title of the deputy prime minister) are both from the Irish language and of ancient origin. Though the Taoiseach is described in the Constitution of Ireland as "the head of the Government or Prime Minister",[nb 2] its literal translation is chieftain or leader.[10] Tánaiste in turn refers to the system of tanistry, the Gaelic system of succession whereby a leader would appoint an heir apparent while still living.

In Scottish Gaelic, tòiseach translates as clan chief and both words originally had similar meaning in the Gaelic languages of Scotland and Ireland.[11][12][13][14] The related Welsh language word tywysog (current meaning: prince) has a similar origin and meaning.[3] Both derive ultimately from the proto-Celtic *towissākos "chieftain, leader".

The plural of taoiseach is taoisigh (Irish: [t̪ˠiːʃiː] or [t̪ˠiːʃəɟ]).[10]

Modern office[edit]

Department of the Taoiseach at Government Buildings, Merrion Street, Dublin

The modern position of Taoiseach was established by the 1937 Constitution of Ireland, to replace the position of President of the Executive Council of the 1922–1937 Irish Free State. The positions of Taoiseach and President of the Executive Council differed in certain fundamental respects. Under the Constitution of the Irish Free State, the latter was vested with considerably less power and was largely just the chairman of the cabinet, the Executive Council. For example, the President of the Executive Council could not dismiss a fellow minister. Instead, the Executive Council had to be disbanded and reformed entirely in order to remove one of its number. The President of the Executive Council could also not personally ask the Governor-General to dissolve Dáil Éireann, that power belonging collectively to the Executive Council.

In contrast, the Taoiseach created in 1937 possesses a much more powerful role. He can both advise the President to dismiss ministers and dissolve Parliament on his own authority—advice that the President is almost always required to follow by convention.[15] His role is greatly enhanced because under the Constitution, he is both de jure and de facto chief executive, since the Constitution explicitly vests executive power in the Government. In most other parliamentary democracies, the head of state is at least the nominal chief executive.

Historically, where there have been multi-party or coalition governments, the Taoiseach has come from the leader of the largest party in the coalition. One exception to this was John A. Costello, who was not leader of his party, but an agreed choice to head the government, because the other parties refused to accept then Fine Gael leader Richard Mulcahy as Taoiseach.

List of office holders[edit]

Before the enactment of the 1937 Constitution, the head of government was referred to as the President of the Executive Council. This office was first held by W. T. Cosgrave of Cumann na nGaedheal from 1922–32, and then by Éamon de Valera from 1932–37. By convention, Taoisigh are numbered to include Cosgrave,[16][17][18][19] for example Enda Kenny is considered the 13th Taoiseach, not the 12th.

President of the Executive Council[edit]

No. Name
(Birth–Death)
Constituency
Portrait Term of office Elected
(Dáil)
Exec.
Council
Party Last office(s) held before election[nb 3]
1. W. T. Cosgrave
(1880–1965)
TD for Carlow–Kilkenny until 1927
TD for Cork Borough from 1927
William Thomas Cosgrave.jpg 6 December 1922 9 March 1932 1922 (3rd) 1st Cumann na nGaedheal Chairman of the Provisional Government (1922)
1923 (4th) 2nd
Jun.1927 (5th) 3rd
Sep.1927 (6th) 4th
5th
2. Éamon de Valera
(1882–1975)
TD for Clare
Éamon de Valera.jpg 9 March 1932 29 December 1937 1932 (7th) 6th Fianna Fáil Leader of the Opposition (1927–32)
1933 (8th) 7th
1937 (9th) 8th

Taoiseach[edit]

No. Name
(Birth–Death)
Constituency
Portrait Term of office Elected
(Dáil)
Govt. Party of Taoiseach
Other parties in govt.
Last office(s) held before election[nb 3]
2. Éamon de Valera
(1882–1975)
TD for Clare
Éamon de Valera.jpg 29 December 1937 18 February 1948 1st Fianna Fáil President of the Executive Council (1932–37)
1938 (10th) 2nd
1943 (11th) 3rd
1944 (12th) 4th
3. John A. Costello
(1891–1976)
TD for Dublin South–East
18 February 1948 13 June 1951 1948 (13th) 5th Fine Gael
with Labour;
CnaP; CnaT;
National Labour until 1950
Attorney General of Ireland (1926–32)
(2) Éamon de Valera
(1882–1975)
TD for Clare
Éamon de Valera.jpg 13 June 1951 2 June 1954 1951 (14th) 6th Fianna Fáil Leader of the Opposition (1948–51)
(3) John A. Costello
(1891–1976)
TD for Dublin South–East
2 June 1954 20 March 1957 1954 (15th) 7th Fine Gael
with Labour;
Clann na Talmhan
Leader of the Opposition (1951–54)
(2) Éamon de Valera
(1882–1975)
TD for Clare
Éamon de Valera.jpg 20 March 1957 23 June 1959 1957 (16th) 8th Fianna Fáil Leader of the Opposition (1954–57)
4. Seán Lemass
(1899–1971)
TD for Dublin South–Central
23 June 1959 10 November 1966 9th Fianna Fáil Tánaiste (1957–59)
Minister for Industry and Commerce (1957–59)
1961 (17th) 10th
1965 (18th) 11th
5. Jack Lynch
(1917–1999)
TD for Cork Borough until 1969
TD for Cork City North–West from 1969
10 November 1966 14 March 1973 12th Fianna Fáil Minister for Finance (1965–66)
1969 (19th) 13th
6. Liam Cosgrave
(born 1920)
TD for Dún Laoghaire and Rathdown
14 March 1973 5 July 1977 1973 (20th) 14th Fine Gael
with Labour
Leader of the Opposition (1965–73)
(5) Jack Lynch
(1917–1999)
TD for Cork City
5 July 1977 11 December 1979 1977 (21st) 15th Fianna Fáil Leader of the Opposition (1973–77)
7. Charles Haughey
(1925–2006)
TD for Dublin Artane
11 December 1979 30 June 1981 16th Fianna Fáil Minister for Social Welfare (1977–79)
Minister for Health (1977–79)
8. Garret FitzGerald
(1926–2011)
TD for Dublin South–East
Garret FitzGerald Lisbon 2009 crop.jpg 30 June 1981 9 March 1982 1981 (22nd) 17th Fine Gael
with Labour
Leader of the Opposition (1977–81)
(7) Charles Haughey
(1925–2006)
TD for Dublin North–Central
9 March 1982 14 December 1982 Feb.1982 (23rd) 18th Fianna Fáil Leader of the Opposition (1981–82)
(8) Garret FitzGerald
(1926–2011)
TD for Dublin South–East
Garret FitzGerald Lisbon 2009 crop.jpg 14 December 1982 10 March 1987 Nov.1982 (24th) 19th Fine Gael
with Labour
Leader of the Opposition (1982)
(7) Charles Haughey
(1925–2006)
TD for Dublin North–Central
10 March 1987 11 February 1992 1987 (25th) 20th Fianna Fáil Leader of the Opposition (1982–87)
1989 (26th) 21st Fianna Fáil
with PDs
9. Albert Reynolds
(born 1932)
TD for Longford–Roscommon
11 February 1992 15 December 1994 22nd Fianna Fáil
with PDs
Minister for Finance (1988–91)
1992 (27th) 23rd Fianna Fáil
with Labour
10. John Bruton
(born 1947)
TD for Meath
BrutonJohn.png 15 December 1994 26 June 1997 24th Fine Gael
with Labour; Dem. Left
Leader of the Opposition (1990–94)
11. Bertie Ahern
(born 1951)
TD for Dublin Central
BertieAhernBerlin2007.jpg 26 June 1997 7 May 2008 1997 (28th) 25th Fianna Fáil
with PDs;
Greens from 2007
Leader of the Opposition (1994–97)
2002 (29th) 26th
2007 (30th) 27th
12. Brian Cowen
(born 1960)
TD for Laois–Offaly
Brian Cowen in Philadelphia.jpg 7 May 2008 9 March 2011 28th Fianna Fáil
with:
PDs until Nov. 2009;
Greens until Jan. 2011
Tánaiste (2007–08)
Minister for Finance (2004–08)
13. Enda Kenny
(born 1951)
TD for Mayo
EndaKenny.jpg 9 March 2011 Incumbent 2011 (31st) 29th Fine Gael
with Labour
Leader of the Opposition (2002–11)

Living former officeholders[edit]

There are five living former taoisigh:

Taoiseach Term of office Date of birth
Liam Cosgrave 1973–1977 (1920-04-13) 13 April 1920 (age 94)
Albert Reynolds 1992–1994 (1932-11-03) 3 November 1932 (age 81)
John Bruton 1994–1997 (1947-05-18) 18 May 1947 (age 67)
Bertie Ahern 1997–2008 (1951-09-12) 12 September 1951 (age 62)
Brian Cowen 2008–2011 (1960-01-10) 10 January 1960 (age 54)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Before the enactment of the 1937 Constitution of Ireland, the head of government was referred to as the President of the Executive Council. This office was first held by W. T. Cosgrave from 1922–32, and then by Éamon de Valera from 1932–37.
  2. ^ a b Article 13.1.1° and Article 28.5.1° of the Constitution of Ireland. The latter provision reads: "The head of the Government, or Prime Minister, shall be called, and is in this Constitution referred to as, the Taoiseach." [1]
  3. ^ a b The last office held, excluding the office of Teachta Dála.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "The Taoiseach, Ministers and every TD are having their pay cut today". TheJournal.ie. 4 July 2013. Retrieved 18 December 2013. 
  2. ^ Definition of Taoiseach in English. "Taoiseach: definition of Taoiseach in Oxford dictionary (British & World English). Meaning, pronunciation and origin of the word". Oxford Language Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. 2013. Retrieved 30 November 2013. 
  3. ^ a b John Thomas Koch (2006), Celtic Culture: a Historical Encyclopedia, ABC-CLIO, p. 1062, ISBN 1851094407, "An early word meaning 'leader' appears on a 5th- or 6th-century inscribed stone as both ogam Irish and British genitive TOVISACI: tywysog now means 'prince' in Welsh, the regular descriptive title used for Prince Charles, for example; while in Ireland, the corresponding Taoiseach is now the correct title, in both Irish and English, for the Prime Minister of the Irish Republic (Éire)." 
  4. ^ One example of the Dáil refusing supply occurred in January 1982 when the then Fine GaelLabour Party coalition government of Garret FitzGerald lost a vote on the budget. [2]
  5. ^ "Taoiseach to receive €38k pay rise". RTÉ News. 25 October 2007. 
  6. ^ "Sharp exchanges in Dáil over Budget". RTÉ News. 15 October 2008. Retrieved 29 January 2009. 
  7. ^ "Opposition says Lenihan's salary cuts do not add up". Irish Independent. 10 December 2009. Retrieved 29 December 2009. 
  8. ^ "Opulent Phoenix Park lodge is set to become 'Fortress Cowen'". Irish Independent. 18 May 2008. Retrieved 18 May 2008. 
  9. ^ "Cowen questioned on use of Farmleigh". The Irish Times. 29 January 2009. Retrieved 29 January 2009. 
  10. ^ a b "Youth Zone School Pack". Department of the Taoiseach. Retrieved 23 June 2010. 
  11. ^ John Frederick Vaughan Campbell Cawdor (1742). Innes Cosmo, ed. The book of the thanes of Cawdor: a series of papers selected from the charter room at Cawdor. 1236-1742, Volume 1236, Issue 1742. Spalding Club. p. xiii,. Retrieved 2013-06-23. "As we cannot name the first Celtic chieftain who consented to change his style of Toshach and his patriarchal sway for the title and stability of King's Thane of Cawdor, so it is impossible to fix the precise time when their ancient property and offices were acquired." 
  12. ^ E. William Robertson (2004). Scotland Under Her Early Kings: A History of the Kingdom to the Close of the Thirteenth Century Part One. Kessinger Publishing. p. 32. ISBN 9781417946075. Retrieved 2013-06-28. 
  13. ^ "DSL - SND1 TOISEACH,". Retrieved 2013-06-27. 
  14. ^ "Tartan Details - Toshach". Scottish Register of Tartans. Retrieved 2013-06-27. "Toshach is an early Celtic title given to minor territorial chiefs in Scotland (note Eire Prime Minister's official title is this)." 
  15. ^ Among the most famous ministerial dismissals have been those of Charles Haughey and Neil Blaney during the Arms Crisis in 1970, Brian Lenihan in 1990 and Albert Reynolds, Pádraig Flynn and Máire Geoghegan-Quinn in 1991.
  16. ^ "Coughlan new Tánaiste in Cowen Cabinet". The Irish Times. 17 May 2008. Retrieved 17 May 2008. 
  17. ^ "Taoiseach reveals new front bench". RTÉ News. 7 May 2008. Retrieved 17 May 2008. 
  18. ^ "Cowen confirmed as Taoiseach". BreakingNews.ie. 7 May 2008. Retrieved 17 May 2008. 
  19. ^ "Former Taoisigh". Department of the Taoiseach. Retrieved 23 June 2010. 

Further reading[edit]

The book Chairman or Chief: The Role of the Taoiseach in Irish Government (1971) by Brian Farrell provides a good overview of the conflicting roles for the Taoiseach. Though long out of print, it may still be available in libraries or from AbeBooks. Biographies are also available of de Valera, Lemass, Lynch, Cosgrave, FitzGerald, Haughey, Reynolds and Ahern. FitzGerald wrote an autobiography, while an authorised biography was produced of de Valera.

Biographies[edit]

Some biographies of former Taoisigh and Presidents of the Executive Council
  • Tim Pat Coogan, Éamon de Valera
  • John Horgan, Seán Lemass
  • Brian Farrell, Seán Lemass
  • T. P. O'Mahony, Jack Lynch: A Biography
  • T. Ryle Dwyer, Nice Fellow: A Biography of Jack Lynch
  • Stephen Collins, The Cosgrave legacy
  • Garret FitzGerald, All in a Life
  • Garret FitzGerald, "Just Garret: Tales from the Political Frontline"
  • Raymond Smith, Garret: The Enigma
  • T. Ryle Dwyer, Short Fellow: A Biography of Charles Haughey
  • Martin Mansergh, Spirit of the Nation: The Collected Speeches of Haughey
  • Joe Joyce & Peter Murtagh The Boss: Charles Haughey in Government
  • Tim Ryan, Albert Reynolds: The Longford Leader
  • Albert Reynolds, My Autobiography
  • Bertie Ahern, My Autobiography

External links[edit]

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