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What Really Happens to a Person When They are Tarred and Feathered
What Really Happens to a Person When They are Tarred and Feathered
Published: 2016/03/21
Channel: Today I Found Out
Tar and Feather (John Adams 2008)
Tar and Feather (John Adams 2008)
Published: 2014/09/03
Channel: Bobblehead George
John Adams tarred and feathered scene
John Adams tarred and feathered scene
Published: 2014/10/13
Channel: Kathryn Graf
mr lytles class   tar and feathering
mr lytles class tar and feathering
Published: 2011/04/08
Channel: mrlytlesclass
Tar and Feathered - Censored
Tar and Feathered - Censored
Published: 2016/10/23
Channel: mrhmakeslearningfun
What is Tar and Feathering? American Revolution
What is Tar and Feathering? American Revolution
Published: 2012/08/10
Channel: Journal of the American Revolution
Tar and Feathered
Tar and Feathered
Published: 2017/06/26
Channel: Burt Block
Mistress of the dark - With the Tar and Feather scene for stuck fans
Mistress of the dark - With the Tar and Feather scene for stuck fans
Published: 2014/10/30
Channel: Canadian Kink
Tax Collectors Getting Tarred and Feathered
Tax Collectors Getting Tarred and Feathered
Published: 2015/10/06
Channel: Emily
Whiskey Rebellion Festival - Our First Tar and Feathering
Whiskey Rebellion Festival - Our First Tar and Feathering
Published: 2014/07/09
Channel: BradfordHouse
Tar & Feathering
Tar & Feathering
Published: 2013/04/15
Channel: micky crave
Prisoner: Cell Block H - Margo
Prisoner: Cell Block H - Margo's Tar and Feathering
Published: 2013/04/06
Channel: PrisonerCellBlockH95
Tarring and Feathering movie
Tarring and Feathering movie
Published: 2016/05/24
Channel: Becky Fischer
WHEN YOU STRIP, TAR AND FEATHER YOUR HOT BUILT ENEMY!
WHEN YOU STRIP, TAR AND FEATHER YOUR HOT BUILT ENEMY!
Published: 2016/09/20
Channel: My Wrestling Obsession
Impractical Jokers - Tarred and Feathered (Punishment) | truTV
Impractical Jokers - Tarred and Feathered (Punishment) | truTV
Published: 2015/08/21
Channel: truTV
Part 5 - Tarring and Feathering
Part 5 - Tarring and Feathering
Published: 2015/10/19
Channel: Mr. Hampton's Class
Tar & Feather
Tar & Feather
Published: 2008/10/24
Channel: alexandrabull5388
Tar and Feathering - The Realities - American Revolution
Tar and Feathering - The Realities - American Revolution
Published: 2016/05/02
Channel: Journal of the American Revolution
INLA Tar and Feather Two Youths
INLA Tar and Feather Two Youths
Published: 2013/01/28
Channel: Long Kesh
tar and feather
tar and feather
Published: 2013/11/13
Channel: Marco Sanchez
John Adams   tarred and feathered
John Adams tarred and feathered
Published: 2014/09/14
Channel: alighieri reza
MTV K!dnapped: Tar and feathered
MTV K!dnapped: Tar and feathered
Published: 2014/10/19
Channel: Bob Tan
A Short History of Tarring and Feathering   YouTube
A Short History of Tarring and Feathering YouTube
Published: 2012/01/30
Channel: STIKILEAKS
Tarfeather
Tarfeather
Published: 2012/01/09
Channel: mrwam54
Tarred and Feathered
Tarred and Feathered
Published: 2015/10/30
Channel: Rob Gardner - Topic
Tarring And Feathering The Innocent
Tarring And Feathering The Innocent
Published: 2012/06/27
Channel: bobothursday
tarred and feathered- gangstalking the modern version of tarring and feathering 1189 Crusades
tarred and feathered- gangstalking the modern version of tarring and feathering 1189 Crusades
Published: 2016/06/01
Channel: sid jackson
What Is Tarring And Feathering?
What Is Tarring And Feathering?
Published: 2017/08/15
Channel: sandy sandy
Debb N Chris are back as Crusen
Debb N Chris are back as Crusen'n for a gunging with a tarred and feathered gunge video - gunged
Published: 2016/12/24
Channel: Cruse'n for a gunging
Primary 5 Lesson 21: Joseph Smith is Tarred and Feathered
Primary 5 Lesson 21: Joseph Smith is Tarred and Feathered
Published: 2017/05/18
Channel: The Red Headed Hostess
Tarring and Feathering Documentary
Tarring and Feathering Documentary
Published: 2017/03/27
Channel: Tim Bedley
Plini - Tarred & Feathered
Plini - Tarred & Feathered
Published: 2013/10/13
Channel: Jean-sébastien Masson
Street Live  Tar Feather
Street Live Tar Feather
Published: 2016/04/08
Channel: Jack Smith
Tar and Feather Examples
Tar and Feather Examples
Published: 2015/01/06
Channel: Matthew Dillon
Tar and Feather—On Sacred Ground by Truman G. Madsen
Tar and Feather—On Sacred Ground by Truman G. Madsen
Published: 2011/11/08
Channel: DeseretBook
Team Finalgear #21 Tarring and Feathering
Team Finalgear #21 Tarring and Feathering
Published: 2007/09/29
Channel: Phyrenet
Joseph ~ Prophet of the Restoration, Part 3
Joseph ~ Prophet of the Restoration, Part 3
Published: 2010/11/30
Channel: Restoration1830
Tar And Feathering
Tar And Feathering
Published: 2016/10/05
Channel: Emily
John Malcolm
John Malcolm's Tar and Feathering
Published: 2010/10/13
Channel: ishish66
Tarred and Feathered
Tarred and Feathered
Published: 2017/06/04
Channel: EasternXtreme
Tar and Feather
Tar and Feather
Published: 2009/03/26
Channel: WorkhorseMusic
NBT Evangelist gets tarred and feathered!
NBT Evangelist gets tarred and feathered!
Published: 2012/07/21
Channel: BHSDiscGolf
Tarred  & feathered
Tarred & feathered
Published: 2017/07/04
Channel: Delayna Walker US
Jim Cornette Promo About Magnum TA Tar and Feather (Mid South January 12th, 1984)
Jim Cornette Promo About Magnum TA Tar and Feather (Mid South January 12th, 1984)
Published: 2016/12/17
Channel: Roy Lucier
Tar and Feathering-Science Project
Tar and Feathering-Science Project
Published: 2015/12/09
Channel: MICHELE DOWD
The Tar and Feather Committee
The Tar and Feather Committee
Published: 2008/10/13
Channel: TFCommittee
two one six - tarred and feathered
two one six - tarred and feathered
Published: 2015/02/16
Channel: two one six
Tar and Feather
Tar and Feather
Published: 2009/02/11
Channel: TylerJohnAndRiley
Tar and feather
Tar and feather
Published: 2012/05/20
Channel: MONsherry4959
Tarred and Feathered SNEAK PEEK #2
Tarred and Feathered SNEAK PEEK #2
Published: 2014/07/21
Channel: Triptych Figures
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Tarring and feathering victim front.
Tarring and feathering victim back as a form of humiliation
German-American farmer John Meints of Minnesota was tarred and feathered in August 1918 during World War I for allegedly not supporting war bond drives.[1]

Tarring and feathering is a form of public torture and humiliation used to enforce unofficial justice or revenge. It was used in feudal Europe and its colonies in the early modern period, as well as the early American frontier, mostly as a type of mob vengeance. Tarring and feathering in popular culture is most strongly associated with its use during the American Revolution.[citation needed]

The victim would be stripped naked, or stripped to the waist. Hot tar was then either poured or painted onto the person while he was immobilized. Then the victim either had feathers thrown on him or was rolled around on a pile of feathers so that they stuck to the tar.

The image of the tarred-and-feathered outlaw remains a metaphor for severe public criticism.[2]

History[edit]

The earliest mention of the punishment appears in orders that Richard I of England issued to his navy on starting for the Holy Land in 1189. "Concerning the lawes and ordinances appointed by King Richard for his navie the forme thereof was this ... item, a thiefe or felon that hath stolen, being lawfully convicted, shal have his head shorne, and boyling pitch poured upon his head, and feathers or downe strawed upon the same whereby he may be knowen, and so at the first landing-place they shall come to, there to be cast up" (transcript of original statute in Hakluyt's Voyages, ii. 21).[3][4]

A later instance of this penalty appears in Notes and Queries (series 4, vol. v), which quotes James Howell writing in Madrid in 1623 of the "boisterous Bishop of Halberstadt ... having taken a place where there were two monasteries of nuns and friars, he caused divers feather beds to be ripped, and all the feathers thrown into a great hall, whither the nuns and friars were thrust naked with their bodies oiled and pitched and to tumble among these feathers, which makes them here (Madrid) presage him an ill-death."[3] (The Bishop was apparently Christian the Younger of Brunswick.)

In 1696, a London bailiff attempted to serve process on a debtor who had taken refuge within the precincts of the Savoy. The bailiff was tarred and feathered and taken in a wheelbarrow to the Strand, where he was tied to a maypole that stood by what is now Somerset House as an improvised pillory.[3]

The Bostonians Paying the Excise-Man, 1774 British propaganda print that depicts the tarring and feathering of Boston Commissioner of Customs John Malcolm. This was the second time that Malcolm had been tarred and feathered.
"The Alternative of Williamsburg" A 1775 British print showing loyalists being forced to sign either the associations or Resolutions drawn up in Williamsburg on August 1774. The note on gibbet at upper right reads: "A Cure for the Refractory"—a bagful of feathers and a cask of tar. Phillip Dawe print

Coming of the American Revolution[edit]

In 1766, Captain William Smith was tarred, feathered, and dumped into the harbor of Norfolk, Virginia by a mob that included the town's mayor. A vessel picked him out of the water just as his strength was giving out. He survived and was later quoted as saying that they "dawbed my body and face all over with tar and afterwards threw feathers on me." Smith was suspected of informing on smugglers to the British customs agents, as was the case with most other tar-and-feathers victims in the following decade.[5]

The practice appeared in Salem, Massachusetts in 1767, when mobs attacked low-level employees of the customs service with tar and feathers. In October 1769, a mob in Boston attacked a customs service sailor the same way, and a few similar attacks followed through 1774. The tarring and feathering of customs worker John Malcolm received particular attention in 1774. Such acts associated the punishment with the Patriot side of the American Revolution. An exception occurred in March 1775 when a British regiment inflicted the same treatment on Thomas Ditson, a Billerica, Massachusetts man who attempted to buy a musket from one of the regiment's soldiers. There is no known case of a person dying from being tarred and feathered in this period. During the Whiskey Rebellion, local farmers inflicted the punishment on federal tax agents.[6]

19th century[edit]

Beginning on September 11, 1791, western Pennsylvania farmers rebelled against the federal government's taxation on western Pennsylvania whiskey distillers during the Whiskey Rebellion. Their first victim was reportedly a recently appointed tax collector named Robert Johnson. He was tarred and feathered by a disguised gang in Washington County. Other officials who attempted to serve court warrants on Johnson's attackers were whipped, tarred, and feathered. Because of these and other violent attacks, the tax went uncollected in 1791 and early 1792. The attackers modeled their actions on the protests of the American Revolution.[7]

Joseph Smith, founder of the Latter Day Saint movement, was dragged from his home during the night of March 24, 1832 by a group of men who stripped and beat him before tarring and feathering him. His wife and infant child were knocked from their bed by the attackers and were forced from the home and threatened. (The infant died several days later from exposure.) Smith was left for dead, but limped back to the home of friends. They spent much of the night scraping the tar from his body, leaving his skin raw and bloody. The following day, Smith spoke at a church devotional meeting and was reported to have been covered with raw wounds and still weak from the attack.[8]

In 1851, a Know-Nothing mob in Ellsworth, Maine tarred and feathered Swiss-born Jesuit priest Father John Bapst in the midst of a local controversy over religious education in grammar schools. Bapst fled Ellsworth to settle in nearby Bangor, Maine, where there was a large Irish-Catholic community, and a local high school there is named for him.[9]

Image accompanying story of "Female Whitecaps Chastise Woman" from Ada Evening News November 27, 1906. The article describes an incident in East Sandy, Pennsylvania where four married women tarred and feathered Mrs. Hattie Lowry.

Tarring and feathering was not restricted to men. The November 27, 1906 Ada, Oklahoma Evening News reports that a vigilance committee consisting of four young married women from East Sandy, Pennsylvania corrected the alleged evil conduct of their neighbor Mrs. Hattie Lowry in whitecap style. One of the women was a sister-in-law of the victim. The women appeared at Mrs. Lowry's home in open day and announced that she had not heeded the spokeswoman and leader. Two women held Mrs. Lowry to the floor while the other two smeared her face with stove polish until it was completely covered. They then poured thick molasses upon her head and emptied the contents of a feather pillow over the molasses. The women then marched the victim to a railroad camp, tied by the wrists, where two hundred workmen stopped work to watch the spectacle. After parading Mrs. Lowry through the camp, the women tied her to a large box where she remained until a man released her. Three of the women involved were arrested, pleaded guilty and each paid a $10.00 fine.[10]

20th century[edit]

A group of black-robed Knights of Liberty (a faction of the KKK) tarred and feathered seventeen members of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) in Oklahoma in 1917, during an incident known as the Tulsa Outrage.[11]

In the 1920s, vigilantes were opposed to IWW organizers at California's harbor of San Pedro. They kidnapped at least one organizer, subjected him to tarring and feathering, and left him in a remote location.

The Wednesday, May 28, 1930 edition of the Miami Daily News-Record contains on its front page the arrests of five brothers (Isaac, Newton, Henry, Gordon and Charles Starns) from Louisiana accused of tarring and feathering Dr. S. L. Newsome, who was a prominent dentist. This was in retaliation for the dentist having an affair with one of the brother's wives.

There were several examples of tarring and feathering of African-Americans in the lead-up to World War I in Vicksburg, Mississippi.[12] According to William Harris, this was a relatively rare form of mob punishment to Republican African-Americans in the post-bellum U.S. South, as its goal was typically pain and humiliation rather than death.[12]

During World War I, anti-German sentiment was widespread and many German-Americans were attacked. For example, in August 1918 a German-American farmer, John Meints of Luverne, Minnesota (pictured above), was captured by a group of men, taken to the nearby South Dakota border and tarred and feathered – for allegedly not supporting war bonds. Meints sued his assailants and lost, but on appeal to a federal court he won, and in 1922 settled out of court for $6,000.[13] In March 1922, a German-born Catholic priest in Slaton, Texas, Joseph M. Keller, who had been harassed by local residents during World War I due to his ethnicity, was accused of breaking the seal of confession and tarred and feathered. Thereafter Keller served a Catholic parish in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.[14]

Similar tactics were also used by the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) during the early years of The Troubles. Many of the victims were women accused of sexual relationships with policemen or British soldiers.[15] In August 2007, loyalist groups in Northern Ireland were linked to the tarring and feathering of an individual accused of drug-dealing.[16]

In 2017, a bust of Abraham Lincoln in West Englewood, Chicago was spray-painted black and later covered in tar and set on fire.[17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Welter, Ben (2015-11-18). "Nov. 16, 1919: Tarred and feathered". StarTribune.com. Retrieved 2017-09-19. 
  2. ^ "Tar and Feather. The American Heritage Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer. Houghton Mifflin Company". Dictionary.reference.com. 1997-05-26. Retrieved 2012-03-07.  "Tars. The Free Online Dictionary". Thefreedictionary.com. Retrieved 2012-03-07.  "To criticize severely and devastatingly; excoriate." ("to excoriate" [i.e. "to flay"] being itself a similar type of metaphor).
  3. ^ a b c Chisholm 1911.
  4. ^ Tha Avalon Project documents Accessed on 23rd June 2015
  5. ^ "Letters of Governor Francis Fauquier" (1912). The William and Mary Quarterly. 21. pp. 166–67. 
  6. ^ Benjamin H. Irvin, "Tar, feathers, and the enemies of American liberties, 1768-1776." New England Quarterly (2003): 197-238. in JSTOR
  7. ^ Slaughter, Thomas P. (1986). The Whiskey Rebellion: Frontier Epilogue to the American Revolution. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0195051912.  pages 113-114
  8. ^ See Life of Joseph Smith from 1831 to 1834#Life in Kirtland, Ohio
  9. ^ PD-icon.svg Campbell, Thomas (1913). "John Bapst". In Herbermann, Charles. Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Retrieved December 17, 2008. 
  10. ^ The Abbeville press and banner., November 21, 1906, Image 7
  11. ^ Chapman, Lee Roy (September 2011). "The Nightmare of Dreamland This Land". Retrieved September 1, 2011. 
  12. ^ a b Harris, William J. "Etiquette, Lynching, and Racial Boundaries in Southern History: A Mississippi Example". The American Historical Review. Vol. 100, No. 2 (Apr., 1995), pp. 387–410
  13. ^ "Nov. 16, 1919: Tarred and feathered". StarTribune.com. Retrieved 2012-03-07. 
  14. ^ Bills, E. R. (October 29, 2013). Texas Obscurities: Stories of the Peculiar, Exceptional and Nefarious. "Father Keller": Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 9781625847652. 
  15. ^ Theroux, Paul (February 13, 2011). "This was England". The Observer. London. 
  16. ^ "Belfast man tarred and feathered". London: BBC News Online. August 28, 2007. Retrieved August 28, 2007. 
  17. ^ Spielman, Fran; Dudek, Mitch (August 17, 2017). "Alderman says Lincoln bust in West Englewood burned". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved September 14, 2017. 

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