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Jewish Holidays Explained: What is Tashlikh? Jews, at the Beach, Throwing Bread.
Jewish Holidays Explained: What is Tashlikh? Jews, at the Beach, Throwing Bread.
Published: 2015/09/18
Channel: Rabbi John Carrier
The Klezmatics - Fun Tashlikh
The Klezmatics - Fun Tashlikh
Published: 2017/07/24
Channel: Piranha Records
John Zorn - Tashlikh
John Zorn - Tashlikh
Published: 2010/12/09
Channel: monokong
John Zorn: Filmworks IX: Trembling Before G-D - Tashlikh
John Zorn: Filmworks IX: Trembling Before G-D - Tashlikh
Published: 2016/09/13
Channel: The Alchemy of Happiness
Kabbalah - Fun Tashlikh - Shlomo
Kabbalah - Fun Tashlikh - Shlomo
Published: 2014/12/09
Channel: Kabbalah Officiel
IDFA 2017 | Trailer | Tashlikh (Cast Off)
IDFA 2017 | Trailer | Tashlikh (Cast Off)
Published: 2017/10/09
Channel: IDFA
Kleztory perform Fun Tashlikh
Kleztory perform Fun Tashlikh
Published: 2007/03/03
Channel: bastardmountainboys
Tashlikh: Celebrating the Jewish New Year
Tashlikh: Celebrating the Jewish New Year
Published: 2017/09/21
Channel: Pacific Ashtanga Yoga
Oktopus - Fun Tashlikh
Oktopus - Fun Tashlikh
Published: 2016/04/15
Channel: Oktopus Band
Fun Tashlikh
Fun Tashlikh
Published: 2011/08/21
Channel: TheMuetz
Fun Tashlikh
Fun Tashlikh
Published: 2015/02/04
Channel: Various Artists - Topic
kleztory performs fun tashlikh
kleztory performs fun tashlikh
Published: 2007/07/04
Channel: shosh38
Klezmer Klassics Greatest Hits - Fun Tashlich
Klezmer Klassics Greatest Hits - Fun Tashlich
Published: 2011/11/22
Channel: Rob Styles
Yinon Muallem - Fun Tashlikh / Naftule Brandwein repertuvarı
Yinon Muallem - Fun Tashlikh / Naftule Brandwein repertuvarı
Published: 2012/03/16
Channel: kafmuzik
Fun Tashlikh
Fun Tashlikh
Published: 2014/10/11
Channel: Various Artists - Topic
Tashlikh with Lincolns school
Tashlikh with Lincolns school
Published: 2017/10/17
Channel: NotTheThngs YouSaid
Fun Tashlikh
Fun Tashlikh
Published: 2015/07/08
Channel: Marc Labelle
Joey Mosseri: Seder Tashlikh- It
Joey Mosseri: Seder Tashlikh- It's Origins & Connections to other Holiday Customs: 9/27/2005
Published: 2017/09/05
Channel: SY Community
Primasch & The Tzigan Dreams
Primasch & The Tzigan Dreams' Collector - Fun Tashlikh & Badkhen Freilakh
Published: 2013/12/11
Channel: killinglulu
Tashlikh - The Casting Ceremony
Tashlikh - The Casting Ceremony
Published: 2017/09/17
Channel: Purpose Baptist Church
Fun tashlikh
Fun tashlikh
Published: 2015/10/17
Channel: Various Artists - Topic
Tashlikh 2012
Tashlikh 2012
Published: 2012/09/17
Channel: Columbia FAVS
Yinon Muallem - Fun Tashlikh / Klezmer For The Sultan A  (Official Audio)
Yinon Muallem - Fun Tashlikh / Klezmer For The Sultan A (Official Audio)
Published: 2015/02/14
Channel: Ahenk Müzik
20vor8 - Fun Tashlikh - live@Elbjazz Festival 2012
20vor8 - Fun Tashlikh - live@Elbjazz Festival 2012
Published: 2012/05/28
Channel: robertafs
Rhythm + Jews with Horns Medley: A. Fun Tashlikh / B. Fisherlid (Live)
Rhythm + Jews with Horns Medley: A. Fun Tashlikh / B. Fisherlid (Live)
Published: 2014/11/06
Channel: The Klezmatics - Topic
Fun Tashlikh
Fun Tashlikh
Published: 2015/06/24
Channel: Various Artists - Topic
Tashlikh 5774: La chorégraphie!
Tashlikh 5774: La chorégraphie!
Published: 2013/08/29
Channel: cjlparis
Itzikel, Yiddish Blues, Fun Tashlikh, Freilach- W&M Russian Music Ensemble
Itzikel, Yiddish Blues, Fun Tashlikh, Freilach- W&M Russian Music Ensemble
Published: 2017/04/27
Channel: W&M Russian Music Ensemble
PRIMASCH GULASH Fun Tashlikh & Badkhen Freylakh
PRIMASCH GULASH Fun Tashlikh & Badkhen Freylakh
Published: 2015/12/21
Channel: Jean-Christophe Gawrysiak
Fun Tashlikh
Fun Tashlikh
Published: 2014/05/20
Channel: 40 Stühle
Tangoyim - Fun Tashlikh
Tangoyim - Fun Tashlikh
Published: 2011/01/25
Channel: tangoyim
20vor8@Knust - Bulgar Odessa + Fan Tashlikh
20vor8@Knust - Bulgar Odessa + Fan Tashlikh
Published: 2012/07/14
Channel: robertafs
Klezmorim Curitiba - funder kupe e fun tashlikh
Klezmorim Curitiba - funder kupe e fun tashlikh
Published: 2013/08/09
Channel: Klezmorim Curitiba
TBS Prepares for Rosh Hashanah! Tashlikh 5776
TBS Prepares for Rosh Hashanah! Tashlikh 5776
Published: 2015/08/28
Channel: TBSReligiousSchool
Fun Tashlikh
Fun Tashlikh
Published: 2012/10/02
Channel: peter navarro-alonso
Fun Tashlikh
Fun Tashlikh
Published: 2015/01/02
Channel: Mames Babegenush - Topic
12. Fun Tashlikh Throw Your Sins To The Wind - Marilyn  Lerner
12. Fun Tashlikh Throw Your Sins To The Wind - Marilyn Lerner
Published: 2015/07/19
Channel: Camila Tisi
Primasch & The Tzigan Dreams
Primasch & The Tzigan Dreams' Collector - Fun Tashlikh (extract)
Published: 2013/12/10
Channel: killinglulu
Mayer on Tashlikh, Frida Kahlo, and Marc Chagall
Mayer on Tashlikh, Frida Kahlo, and Marc Chagall
Published: 2009/08/24
Channel: brayndl
TASHLIKH - casting away
TASHLIKH - casting away
Published: 2015/09/14
Channel: Daniel Tichota
Tashlikh
Tashlikh
Published: 2015/05/23
Channel: David Chevan and Warren Byrd - Topic
Fun Tashlikh
Fun Tashlikh
Published: 2014/09/29
Channel: Various Artists - Topic
Tashlikh Shofar Blowing
Tashlikh Shofar Blowing
Published: 2014/09/20
Channel: Akeda Foundation
Mi Yodea/ Fun Tashlikh (trad) audio only rec feb 25, 2014
Mi Yodea/ Fun Tashlikh (trad) audio only rec feb 25, 2014
Published: 2014/03/05
Channel: Eliezer Kaplan
Tashlikh with IKAR 2010
Tashlikh with IKAR 2010
Published: 2010/09/13
Channel: Esther Kustanowitz
Fun Tashlikh -- played by My Son the Doctor, Richmond, VA
Fun Tashlikh -- played by My Son the Doctor, Richmond, VA
Published: 2017/05/11
Channel: Louis Schwartz
acuerdo - Fun Tashlikh (trad.)
acuerdo - Fun Tashlikh (trad.)
Published: 2015/12/17
Channel: acuerdo
String Trio: Tsum Rebn / Skverer Tantz / Fun Tashlikh
String Trio: Tsum Rebn / Skverer Tantz / Fun Tashlikh
Published: 2015/10/26
Channel: Shtetl Band Amsterdam - Topic
Fun Tashlikh - Tribal Fusion Improv by Elena (HQ)
Fun Tashlikh - Tribal Fusion Improv by Elena (HQ)
Published: 2009/04/07
Channel: Elena Sapega
Fun Tashlikh and Billy Slag
Fun Tashlikh and Billy Slag
Published: 2008/12/19
Channel: Julian Gaskell
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Tashlikh (Hebrew: תשליך‎‎ "cast off") is a customary Jewish atonement ritual performed during the High Holy Days.

Practice[edit]

The ritual is performed at a large, natural body of flowing water (e.g., river, lake, sea, or ocean) on the afternoon of Rosh Hashanah, the Jewish New Year, although it may be performed until Hoshana Rabbah. The penitent recites a Biblical passage and, optionally, additional prayers. There are those who throw small pieces of bread are thrown into the water. However numerous sources point out that this is prohibited.

Origin of the custom[edit]

Scriptural source[edit]

The name "Tashlikh" and the practice itself are derived from an allusion mentioned in the Biblical passage (Micah 7:18-20) recited at the ceremony: "You will cast all their sins into the depths of the sea."[1]

Questionable early sources[edit]

  • Josephus ("Antiquities" 14:10, § 23) refers to the decree of the Halicarnassians permitting Jews to "perform their holy rites according to the Jewish laws and to have their places of prayer by the sea, according to the customs of their forefathers". However, there was an ancient Jewish custom to site synagogues of the Jewish diaspora on the seashore as an expression of desire to return to Zion.[citation needed]
  • The Zohar ("Vayikra" 101a,b) states that "whatever falls into the deep is lost forever; ... it acts like the scapegoat for the ablution of sins". Some believe that this is a reference to the tashlikh ritual.

Maharil[edit]

Most Jewish sources trace a year of the custom back to Yaakov ben Moshe Levi Moelin (d. 1427 in Worms) in his Sefer Maharil. There, he explains the custom as a reminder of the binding of Isaac. He recounts a midrash about that event, according to which Satan threw himself across Abraham's path in the form of a deep stream, in an attempt to prevent Abraham from sacrificing Isaac on Moriah. Abraham and Isaac nevertheless plunged into the river up to their necks and prayed for divine aid, whereupon the river disappeared.[2]

Moelin, however, forbids the practise of throwing pieces of bread to the fish in the river, especially on Shabbat. This would seem to indicate that in his time tashlikh was duly performed, even when the first day of Rosh Hashanah fell on the Sabbath, though in later times the ceremony was, on such occasions, deferred one day.

Shelah[edit]

Rabbi Isaiah Horowitz (d. Tiberias, 1630) offers the earliest written source explaining the significance of allusions to fish in relation to this custom. In his eponymous treatise, Shelah (214b), he writes:

  • Fish illustrate man's plight, and arouse him to repentance: "As the fishes that are taken in an evil net" (Ecclesiastes 9:12);
  • Fish, in that they have no eyelids and their eyes are always wide open, allude to the omniscience of the Creator, who does not sleep.

Ramah[edit]

Rabbi Moses Isserles (Krakow, d. 1572), author of the authoritative Ashkenazi glosses to the Shulchan Aruch, explains:[3]

The deeps of the sea allude to the existence of a single Creator that created the world and that controls the world by, for example, not letting the seas flood the earth. Thus, we go to the sea and reflect upon that on New-Year's Day, the anniversary of Creation. We reflect upon proof of the Creator's creation and of His control, so as to repent of our sins to the Creator, and so he will figuratively "cast our sins into the depths of the sea" (Micah 7:18-20).

Opposition to the custom[edit]

The Kabbalistic practise of shaking the ends of one's garments at the ceremony, as though casting off the qliphoth, caused many non-kabbalists to denounce the custom. In their view, the custom created the impression among the common people that by literally throwing their sins they might "escape" them without repenting and making amends. The maskilim in particular ridiculed the custom and characterized it as "heathenish". A popular satire from the 1860s was written by Isaac Erter, in his "HaẒofeh leBet Yisrael" (pp. 64–80, Vienna, 1864), in which Samael watches the sins of hypocrites dropping into the river. The Vilna Gaon also did not follow the practice.

Mainstream acceptance today[edit]

Jews on Rosh Hashanah in Aleksander Gierymski's Święto trąbek I

Today, most mainstream Jewish religious movements view tashlikh as acceptable. It is generally not practised by Spanish and Portuguese Jews, and it is opposed by the Yemenite Dor Daim movement and by a small group of followers of the Vilna Gaon in Jerusalem[citation needed].

Many Jews in New York City perform the ceremony each year in large numbers from the Brooklyn and Manhattan Bridges. In cities with few open bodies of water, such as Jerusalem, people perform the ritual by a fish pond, cistern, or mikveh.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Zivotofsky, Ari. "What’s the Truth About ... Tashlich?". Jewish Action online. 
  2. ^ "Ask the Rabbi: Shabbat Rosh Hashana 5765". Eretz Hemdah Institute. 
  3. ^ Isserles, Moshe. Torat ha-'Olah. p. 3:56. 
  4. ^ Rabbi Yirmiyahu, Kaganoff. "Appreciating Tashlich". Yeshiva.co. Retrieved 2 September 2013. 


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