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Cuba keen to update poor telecommunications
Cuba keen to update poor telecommunications
DATE: 2015/02/27::
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BBC News   Cuba keen to update poor telecommunications
BBC News Cuba keen to update poor telecommunications
DATE: 2015/02/27::
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Cuba
Cuba 'keen to update poor telecommunications
DATE: 2015/02/27::
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US, Cuba Teams Discuss Telecommunications Issues
US, Cuba Teams Discuss Telecommunications Issues
DATE: 2015/03/26::
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Companies That Will Benefit from Improved US Cuba Relations
Companies That Will Benefit from Improved US Cuba Relations
DATE: 2014/12/26::
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Cuba
Cuba 'keen to update poor telecommunications'
DATE: 2015/02/27::
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Cuba
Cuba 'keen to update poor telecommunications
DATE: 2015/02/27::
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Cuba keen to update poor telecommunications
Cuba keen to update poor telecommunications
DATE: 2015/03/03::
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Senem Deniz - Arus Telecom DIRECT ROUTES TO CUBA.wmv
Senem Deniz - Arus Telecom DIRECT ROUTES TO CUBA.wmv
DATE: 2012/08/28::
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BBC News-New Cuba US direct phone link established
BBC News-New Cuba US direct phone link established
DATE: 2015/03/11::
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US-Cuba relations: President Obama hopes to lift embargo against Cuba
US-Cuba relations: President Obama hopes to lift embargo against Cuba
DATE: 2014/12/18::
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New Cuba US direct phone link established
New Cuba US direct phone link established
DATE: 2015/03/11::
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New Cuba US direct phone link established
New Cuba US direct phone link established
DATE: 2015/03/12::
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US, Cuba Restore Direct Phone Communications
US, Cuba Restore Direct Phone Communications
DATE: 2015/03/14::
15
Obama: ‘Our Sanctions on Cuba Have Denied Cubans Access to Technology’
Obama: ‘Our Sanctions on Cuba Have Denied Cubans Access to Technology’
DATE: 2014/12/17::
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US-Cuba relations: President Obama hopes to lift embargo against Cuba
US-Cuba relations: President Obama hopes to lift embargo against Cuba
DATE: 2015/01/22::
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Marco Rubio SLAMS Obama minutes after Cuba Policy Change Announcement
Marco Rubio SLAMS Obama minutes after Cuba Policy Change Announcement
DATE: 2014/12/17::
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Cuba:From Revolution to Negotiation
Cuba:From Revolution to Negotiation
DATE: 2015/03/17::
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George Lucas on Internet and Phone Access: Universal Telecommunications Service (2008)
George Lucas on Internet and Phone Access: Universal Telecommunications Service (2008)
DATE: 2013/09/28::
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U.S. helped imprisoned Cuban spy artificially inseminate wife
U.S. helped imprisoned Cuban spy artificially inseminate wife
DATE: 2014/12/29::
21
Jacobson: US-Cuba Talks Are
Jacobson: US-Cuba Talks Are 'Important' Step
DATE: 2015/01/25::
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U.S. Takes First Step to Ending Cuba Trade Embargo
U.S. Takes First Step to Ending Cuba Trade Embargo
DATE: 2015/01/15::
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US eases travel, trade with Cuba from Friday: Treasury
US eases travel, trade with Cuba from Friday: Treasury
DATE: 2015/01/15::
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US eases Cuba travel and trade restrictions
US eases Cuba travel and trade restrictions
DATE: 2015/01/15::
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US-Cuba relations: President Obama hopes to lift embargo against Cuba
US-Cuba relations: President Obama hopes to lift embargo against Cuba
DATE: 2014/12/19::
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Xu Zhiyong, Panama, Cuba-US Relations, Jordan, Bahrain Bombing, Egypt Arrests, Sinai (2013)
Xu Zhiyong, Panama, Cuba-US Relations, Jordan, Bahrain Bombing, Egypt Arrests, Sinai (2013)
DATE: 2013/08/29::
27
Last Week Tonight with John Oliver: Net Neutrality (HBO)
Last Week Tonight with John Oliver: Net Neutrality (HBO)
DATE: 2014/06/02::
28
U.S. Takes First Step to Ending Cuba Trade Embargo
U.S. Takes First Step to Ending Cuba Trade Embargo
DATE: 2015/01/15::
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US Eases Curbs on Imports From Private Cubans
US Eases Curbs on Imports From Private Cubans
DATE: 2015/02/15::
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Congressional trips to Cuba in doubt as US interest surges
Congressional trips to Cuba in doubt as US interest surges
DATE: 2015/03/05::
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Obama Measures on Cuba Trade, Travel Poke New Holes in Embargo
Obama Measures on Cuba Trade, Travel Poke New Holes in Embargo
DATE: 2015/01/15::
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Vintage Cars Used To Drive Tourists Around Havana, Cuba
Vintage Cars Used To Drive Tourists Around Havana, Cuba
DATE: 2015/01/28::
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Cuba
Cuba's fibre optic link to Venezuela creates greater internet access
DATE: 2013/05/29::
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'New chapter' in US-Cuba ties
DATE: 2014/12/17::
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Cold War - 1950s Guatemala and 1960s Cuba
Cold War - 1950s Guatemala and 1960s Cuba
DATE: 2015/03/25::
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Obama Intends to Lift Several Restrictions Against Cuba on His Own
Obama Intends to Lift Several Restrictions Against Cuba on His Own
DATE: 2014/12/19::
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Cuba
Cuba 'will not change' communist system, despite thaw with US
DATE: 2014/12/20::
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End the U.S. Embargo on Cuba
End the U.S. Embargo on Cuba
DATE: 2014/10/13::
39
Xi Jinping arrives in Cuba to strengthen bilateral ties
Xi Jinping arrives in Cuba to strengthen bilateral ties
DATE: 2014/07/22::
40
Mobile Midday News: Episode 116
Mobile Midday News: Episode 116
DATE: 2014/12/17::
41
Desbloqueos de celulares remotamente por IMEI
Desbloqueos de celulares remotamente por IMEI
DATE: 2013/03/04::
42
Los reparadores de Cuba
Los reparadores de Cuba
DATE: 2015/02/26::
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Former US president meets Cardinal Ortega Jewish leaders 2011 News
Former US president meets Cardinal Ortega Jewish leaders 2011 News
DATE: 2013/11/04::
44
Export TV: Anatomy Of An Electronic Invasion
Export TV: Anatomy Of An Electronic Invasion
DATE: 2013/12/23::
45
Metal Gear Solid V: Ground Zeroes - Jamais Vu
Metal Gear Solid V: Ground Zeroes - Jamais Vu
DATE: 2014/05/01::
46
-Comoros -Northern Ireland Küba-Cuba Plastic manhole covers firms 0090 539 892 07 70
-Comoros -Northern Ireland Küba-Cuba Plastic manhole covers firms 0090 539 892 07 70
DATE: 2013/10/24::
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U.S.-Cuba edge closer to restoring diplomatic relations
U.S.-Cuba edge closer to restoring diplomatic relations
DATE: 2015/02/27::
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Apoya Zapatero salida de Cuba de lista de países terroristas
Apoya Zapatero salida de Cuba de lista de países terroristas
DATE: 2015/02/26::
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THE GLEANER MINUTE: Roaming rates plea... Outameni probe needed... Help for State wards
THE GLEANER MINUTE: Roaming rates plea... Outameni probe needed... Help for State wards
DATE: 2014/11/07::
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Instalan en Cuba cámaras de seguridad en las principales vías
Instalan en Cuba cámaras de seguridad en las principales vías
DATE: 2015/03/26::
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Telecommunications in Cuba consists mainly of NTSC analog television, analog radio, telephony, AMPS, D-AMPS, and GSM mobile telephony, and the Internet. Telephone service is provided through ETECSA (Telecommunications Company of Cuba), mobile telephone service is provided through the Cellular Telephone Company of Cuba (CUBACEL) and Caribbean Cellular (Celulares del Caribe, C-COM). Cuba's main international telecommunications links are through Intersputnik, with antiquated undersea telephone cables to the U.S., the West Indies, Spain, and possibly Italy.

Telephone[edit]

Country code: +53

International call prefix: 119

Telephones - main lines in use: 1.2 million, 72nd in the world, less than 10 per 100 inhabitants (2009).

Telephones - mobile cellular: One million mobile phones at the end of 2010 (9 per 100 inhabitants), up from 621,000 in 2009 and 330,000 in 2008, when all Cubans were allowed to buy and use them for the first time. Mobile-cellular telephone service is expensive and must be paid in convertible pesos, which limits subscribership.[1][2]

Telephone system: 95% of telephone switches were digitized by end of 2006.[2] Principal trunk system is coaxial cable; fiber-optic distribution in Havana and on Isla de la Juventud; two microwave radio relay installations (one is old, US-built; the other newer, Soviet-built); both analog and digital mobile cellular service established; one international satellite earth station, Intersputnik (Atlantic Ocean region).

New fiber-optic link: A new undersea fiber-optic link with Venezuela was scheduled for 2011.[3][4] In May 2012 there were reports that the cable was operational, but with use restricted to Cuban and Venezuelan government entities. Internet access by the general public still used the slower and more expensive satellite links,[5] until January 2013 when internet speeds increased.[6]

Radio[edit]

Main article: Radio Havana Cuba

Radio broadcast stations: 6 national radio networks, an international station, and many local radio stations. All state-owned and operated by the Cuban Radio and Television Corporation (ICRT), which manages Radio Rebelde, the largest AM network, and the SW service Radio Habana Cuba. Radio Marti, based in Miami, Florida and financed by the United States government, transmits Spanish-language radio broadcasts to Cuba.[2]

Radios: 3.9 million, 64th out of 188 in the world (1997)[7]

Television[edit]

Television broadcast stations: 4 national TV networks and many local TV stations. All state-owned and operated by the Cuban Radio and Television Corporation (ICRT). TV Marti, based in Miami, Florida and financed by the United States government, transmits Spanish language TV broadcasts to Cuba. The American Forces Network (AFN) has a station intended for U.S. military personnel at Guantanamo Bay Naval Base.[2]

Televisions: 2.64 million, 54th out of 185 in the world (1997)[8]

Internet[edit]

Internet users in Cuba per 1.000 habitants (2002-2011) according to Cuban state statistics ONE[9]

Internet users: 2.8 million users, 79th in the world, roughly of 26 percent of the population in 2012.[10] 1.6 million, 79th, 12% in 2010.[2]

Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 2, Empresa Telefónica de Cuba, S.A (ETECSA) and Colombus (2003)

Top level domain: .cu

A special permit is required to use the Internet. Access to the Internet is heavily controlled, and all e-mails are closely monitored.[11][12]

The Cuban authorities have called the Internet "the great disease of 21st century" due to 'counter-revolutionary' information being available on a number of websites, some of which are official news sites.[13] As a result of computer ownership bans, computer ownership rates were among the world's lowest.[12] However, since buying a computer was legalized in 2007, the ownership of computers in Cuba soared, dramatically increasing the number of Internet users. But, the rates still remain quite low, partially due to the high costs of systems and Internet usage per hour in contrast to the average monthly wage.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Marc Frank, Kevin Gray, and Eric Walsh (7 July 2011). "Cuban cellphones hit 1 million, Net access lags". Reuters. Retrieved 6 November 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Country report: Cuba", World Factbook, U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, 27 September 2011
  3. ^ Undersea cable to bring fast internet to Cuba, The Telegraph (UK), 24 January 2011 
  4. ^ Andrea Rodriguez (9 February 2011), Fiber-Optic Communications Cable Arrives In Cuba, Huffington Post 
  5. ^ "Fiber-optic cable benefiting only Cuban government", Miami Herald, 25 May 2012
  6. ^ Marc Frank (22 January 2013). "Cuba's mystery fiber-optic Internet cable stirs to life". Havana. Reuters. Retrieved 26 January 2013. 
  7. ^ "Radio receivers by country", NationMaster.com, accessed 6 October 2011
  8. ^ "Television receivers by country", NationMaster.com, accessed 6 October 2011
  9. ^ TECNOLOGÍA DE LA INFORMACIÓN Y LAS COMUNICACIONES EN CIFRAS. CUBA 2011 de la Oficina Nacional de Estadística e Información, Enero-Diciembre de 2011
  10. ^ "Percentage of Individuals using the Internet 2000-2012", International Telecommunications Union (Geneva), June 2013, retrieved 22 June 2013
  11. ^ a b "Internet Enemies: Cuba". Reporters Without Borders. March 2011. 
  12. ^ a b Claire Voeux and Julien Pain (2006). "Going online in Cuba: Internet under surveillance". Reporters Without Borders. 
  13. ^ "Internet in Cuba", Reporters Without Borders, 2003

External links[edit]

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