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Google signs internet deal with Cuba
Google signs internet deal with Cuba's telecommunications monopoly
Published: 2016/12/13
Channel: Times of Oman
Telecommunications in Cuba
Telecommunications in Cuba
Published: 2016/08/23
Channel: WikiWikiup
Sprint Signs Telecommunications Deal in Cuba
Sprint Signs Telecommunications Deal in Cuba
Published: 2016/01/14
Channel: VOA Khmer Learning English
Cuban Activists Say Telecommunications Infrastructure Must Stay In Cuban Hands
Cuban Activists Say Telecommunications Infrastructure Must Stay In Cuban Hands
Published: 2016/03/21
Channel: TheRealNews
Cuba
Cuba's Fake Internet Helps Young Cubans Connect Online
Published: 2015/01/26
Channel: Wochit Tech
How To Access The Internet In Cuba
How To Access The Internet In Cuba
Published: 2017/05/02
Channel: Ken Deckinger
the Cuban internet service Bug
the Cuban internet service Bug
Published: 2017/02/21
Channel: Luis Rondón
In Cuba, Internet Access Doesn
In Cuba, Internet Access Doesn't Come Cheap Or Easy - Newsy
Published: 2016/04/12
Channel: Newsy World
Contact with Cuba via ham radio
Contact with Cuba via ham radio
Published: 2013/11/09
Channel: PintDrinker60
Cuba: Google signs agreement with Cuban telecom company ETECSA
Cuba: Google signs agreement with Cuban telecom company ETECSA
Published: 2016/12/12
Channel: Ruptly TV
Cuba
Cuba's new govt to allow ordinary Cubans to get cell phone service
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Google signed internet deal with Cuba
Google signed internet deal with Cuba's telecommunications monopoly
Published: 2016/12/15
Channel: tnews
BBC News   Cuba  keen to update poor telecommunications
BBC News Cuba keen to update poor telecommunications
Published: 2015/02/27
Channel: Jim Holt
Cuba  keen to update poor telecommunications    BBC News
Cuba keen to update poor telecommunications BBC News
Published: 2015/07/27
Channel: Alexander Boyd
CUBA - HAVANA 2017
CUBA - HAVANA 2017
Published: 2017/09/23
Channel: Matylda.S.
Cuban households test free Internet access
Cuban households test free Internet access
Published: 2016/12/30
Channel: euronews (in English)
AT&T: The Company Behind the Telephone
AT&T: The Company Behind the Telephone
Published: 2017/09/29
Channel: Business Casual
Rubio: U.S. Should Do More To Promote Internet Freedom In Cuba
Rubio: U.S. Should Do More To Promote Internet Freedom In Cuba
Published: 2014/04/10
Channel: SenatorMarcoRubio
Cold War - 1950s Guatemala and 1960s Cuba
Cold War - 1950s Guatemala and 1960s Cuba
Published: 2015/03/25
Channel: International School History
Work starts on laying an undersea fiber-optic cable to Cuba
Work starts on laying an undersea fiber-optic cable to Cuba
Published: 2015/07/30
Channel: AP Archive
Money Talks: Google’s plans for Cuba
Money Talks: Google’s plans for Cuba
Published: 2016/12/14
Channel: TRT World
Obama
Obama's Visit to Cuba: Dangers and Benefits to The Cuban Revolution
Published: 2016/03/21
Channel: TheRealNews
Historic storm leaves Cuba
Historic storm leaves Cuba's northern coast submerged
Published: 2017/09/10
Channel: CBS Evening News
Interpol recognizes Cuba
Interpol recognizes Cuba's commitment against terrorism
Published: 2015/07/23
Channel: AP Archive
US-Cuba relations: President Obama hopes to lift embargo against Cuba
US-Cuba relations: President Obama hopes to lift embargo against Cuba
Published: 2014/12/18
Channel: TomoNews US
The Top Three Underperforming Telecommunications Markets
The Top Three Underperforming Telecommunications Markets
Published: 2014/03/26
Channel: Euromonitor International
Streaming - 2017 CUBA INFRASTRUCTURE SCHOLARSHIP COMPETITION
Streaming - 2017 CUBA INFRASTRUCTURE SCHOLARSHIP COMPETITION
Published: 2017/03/04
Channel: Wenceslao Cruz
Cuba: China and Cuba strengthen ties as Li Keqiang meets Castro in Havana
Cuba: China and Cuba strengthen ties as Li Keqiang meets Castro in Havana
Published: 2016/09/25
Channel: Ruptly TV
US, Cuba Teams Discuss Telecommunications Issues
US, Cuba Teams Discuss Telecommunications Issues
Published: 2015/03/26
Channel: OzoneLayer
HM01 Cuban Spy number station at 0600 UTC 10345 Khz Shortwave
HM01 Cuban Spy number station at 0600 UTC 10345 Khz Shortwave
Published: 2016/02/14
Channel: OfficialSWLchannel
Cuba:From Revolution to Negotiation
Cuba:From Revolution to Negotiation
Published: 2015/03/18
Channel: New China TV
Education Beyond Borders: Cuba
Education Beyond Borders: Cuba
Published: 2016/05/04
Channel: Anne Casper
Rubio Addresses Cuba Internet Freedom Conference in Miami
Rubio Addresses Cuba Internet Freedom Conference in Miami
Published: 2016/09/12
Channel: SenatorMarcoRubio
Arnie Coro Dxers unlimited on Radio Habana Cuba
Arnie Coro Dxers unlimited on Radio Habana Cuba
Published: 2013/04/08
Channel: OfficialSWLchannel
Grundig G5 VS Tecsun PL 680 on China Radio International via Cuba 9580 Khz Shortwave
Grundig G5 VS Tecsun PL 680 on China Radio International via Cuba 9580 Khz Shortwave
Published: 2017/01/26
Channel: OfficialSWLchannel
US-Cuba relations: President Obama hopes to lift embargo against Cuba
US-Cuba relations: President Obama hopes to lift embargo against Cuba
Published: 2015/01/22
Channel: News Direct
Cuba’s next generation? Meet its “rebellious” female rappers
Cuba’s next generation? Meet its “rebellious” female rappers
Published: 2015/05/11
Channel: Channel 4 News
Radio Havana Cuba on Realistic DX 100 on 6165 khz
Radio Havana Cuba on Realistic DX 100 on 6165 khz
Published: 2013/11/13
Channel: OfficialSWLchannel
16 US diplomats in Cuba witnessed hearing loss, cognitive difficulties
16 US diplomats in Cuba witnessed hearing loss, cognitive difficulties
Published: 2017/10/10
Channel: WION
Cuba Hands their Internet over to US Imperialism in Google
Cuba Hands their Internet over to US Imperialism in Google
Published: 2017/05/02
Channel: Jason Unruhe
Opportunities in Technology, Media & Telecom - Cuba Opportunity Summit
Opportunities in Technology, Media & Telecom - Cuba Opportunity Summit
Published: 2015/07/20
Channel: The Cuba Opportunity Channel
FM DX 101.5 Cuba from Florida Keys (see synopsis)
FM DX 101.5 Cuba from Florida Keys (see synopsis)
Published: 2017/11/11
Channel: CHRISTOPHER DUNNE
Radio Havana Cuba DXers Unlimited Oct 10 2017 on 15140Khz Shortwave Radio R8600
Radio Havana Cuba DXers Unlimited Oct 10 2017 on 15140Khz Shortwave Radio R8600
Published: 2017/10/10
Channel: TheScottytr6
George Lucas on Internet and Phone Access: Universal Telecommunications Service (2008)
George Lucas on Internet and Phone Access: Universal Telecommunications Service (2008)
Published: 2013/09/28
Channel: The Film Archives
U.S. Takes First Step to Ending Cuba Trade Embargo
U.S. Takes First Step to Ending Cuba Trade Embargo
Published: 2015/01/15
Channel: Wochit News
Shortwave - HM01
Shortwave - HM01 'Cuban Lady' On 10345kHz.
Published: 2014/12/26
Channel: HamAndShortwaveRadio
Cuban Spy Number Station and DFT
Cuban Spy Number Station and DFT
Published: 2016/09/11
Channel: AA5HL
Shortwave broadcast of Radio Rebelde from Quivican, Cuba @ 5020 kHz
Shortwave broadcast of Radio Rebelde from Quivican, Cuba @ 5020 kHz
Published: 2016/09/12
Channel: Danny Shortwave And Radio DX
Weird Shortwave: Cuban Numbers Lady continuous numbers
Weird Shortwave: Cuban Numbers Lady continuous numbers
Published: 2015/02/06
Channel: chippewaman1975
JAMINTEL - Jamaica International Telecommunications Limited
JAMINTEL - Jamaica International Telecommunications Limited
Published: 2017/07/10
Channel: NationalLibJamaica
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Telecommunications in Cuba consists mainly of NTSC analog television, analog radio, telephony, AMPS, D-AMPS, and GSM mobile telephony, and the Internet. Telephone service is provided through ETECSA (Telecommunications Company of Cuba), mobile telephone service is provided through the Cellular Telephone Company of Cuba (CUBACEL) and Caribbean Cellular (Celulares del Caribe, C-COM). Cuba's main international telecommunications links are through Intersputnik, with antiquated undersea telephone cables to the U.S., the West Indies, Spain, and possibly Italy.

Telephone[edit]

An 1895 map of the first telephone network in Havana, Cuba on display in the ETECSA Telephone Museum.

Country code: +53

International call prefix: 119

Telephones - main lines in use: 1.2 million, 72nd in the world, less than 10 per 100 inhabitants (2009).

Telephones - mobile cellular: One million mobile phones at the end of 2010 (9 per 100 inhabitants), up from 621,000 in 2009 and 330,000 in 2008, when all Cubans were allowed to buy and use them for the first time. Mobile-cellular telephone service is expensive and must be paid in convertible pesos, which limits subscribership.[1][2]

Telephone system: 95% of telephone switches were digitized by end of 2006.[2] Principal trunk system is coaxial cable; fiber-optic distribution in Havana and on Isla de la Juventud; two microwave radio relay installations (one is old, US-built; the other newer, Soviet-built); both analog and digital mobile cellular service established; one international satellite earth station, Intersputnik (Atlantic Ocean region).

New fiber-optic link: A new undersea fiber-optic link with Venezuela was scheduled for 2011.[3][4] In May 2012 there were reports that the cable was operational, but with use restricted to Cuban and Venezuelan government entities. Internet access by the general public still used the slower and more expensive satellite links,[5] until January 2013 when internet speeds increased.[6]

Radio[edit]

Radio broadcast stations: 6 national radio networks, an international station, and many local radio stations. All state-owned and operated by the Cuban Radio and Television Corporation (ICRT), which manages Radio Rebelde, the largest AM network, and the SW service Radio Habana Cuba. Radio Marti, based in Miami, Florida and financed by the United States government, transmits Spanish-language radio broadcasts to Cuba.[2]

Radios: 3.9 million, 64th out of 188 in the world (1997)[7]

Television[edit]

Television broadcast stations: 4 national TV networks and many local TV stations. All state-owned and operated by the Cuban Radio and Television Corporation (ICRT). TV Marti, based in Miami, Florida and financed by the United States government, transmits Spanish language TV broadcasts to Cuba. The American Forces Network (AFN) has a station intended for U.S. military personnel at Guantanamo Bay Naval Base.[2]

Televisions: 2.64 million, 54th out of 185 in the world (1997)[8]

Internet[edit]

Internet users in Cuba per 1,000 inhabitants (2002-2011) according to Cuban state statistics ONE[9]

Internet users: 2.8 million users, 79th in the world, roughly of 26 percent of the population in 2012.[10] 1.6 million, 79th, 12% in 2010.[2]

Internet service providers (ISPs): 2, Empresa Telefónica de Cuba, S.A (ETECSA) and Colombus (2003)

Top-level domain: .cu

A special permit is required to use the Internet. Access to the Internet is heavily controlled, and all e-mails are closely monitored.[11][12]

The Cuban authorities have called the Internet "the great disease of 21st century" due to 'counter-revolutionary' information being available on a number of websites, some of which are official news sites.[13] As a result of computer ownership bans, computer ownership rates were among the world's lowest.[12] However, since buying a computer was legalized in 2007, the ownership of computers in Cuba soared, dramatically increasing the number of Internet users. But, the rates still remain quite low, partially due to the high costs of systems and Internet usage per hour in contrast to the average monthly wage.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Marc Frank; Kevin Gray & Eric Walsh (7 July 2011). "Cuban cellphones hit 1 million, Net access lags". Reuters. Retrieved 6 November 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Country report: Cuba", World Factbook, U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, 27 September 2011
  3. ^ Undersea cable to bring fast internet to Cuba, The Telegraph (UK), 24 January 2011 
  4. ^ Andrea Rodriguez (9 February 2011), Fiber-Optic Communications Cable Arrives In Cuba, Huffington Post 
  5. ^ "Fiber-optic cable benefiting only Cuban government", Miami Herald, 25 May 2012
  6. ^ Marc Frank (22 January 2013). "Cuba's mystery fiber-optic Internet cable stirs to life". Havana. Reuters. Retrieved 26 January 2013. 
  7. ^ "Radio receivers by country", NationMaster.com, accessed 6 October 2011
  8. ^ "Television receivers by country", NationMaster.com, accessed 6 October 2011
  9. ^ TECNOLOGÍA DE LA INFORMACIÓN Y LAS COMUNICACIONES EN CIFRAS. CUBA 2011 de la Oficina Nacional de Estadística e Información, Enero-Diciembre de 2011
  10. ^ "Percentage of Individuals using the Internet 2000-2012", International Telecommunications Union (Geneva), June 2013, retrieved 22 June 2013
  11. ^ a b "Internet Enemies: Cuba". Reporters Without Borders. March 2011. 
  12. ^ a b Claire Voeux & Julien Pain (2006). "Going online in Cuba: Internet under surveillance" (PDF). Reporters Without Borders. 
  13. ^ "Internet in Cuba", Reporters Without Borders, 2003

External links[edit]

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