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The biography of Ethiopian telecommunications pioneer and inventor: Engineer Terefe Raswork
The biography of Ethiopian telecommunications pioneer and inventor: Engineer Terefe Raswork
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Huawei & ZTE in $750M deal to upgrade Ethiopia
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Mobile Banking in Ethiopia
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Poor connectivity affecting multiple businesses and the economy in Ethiopia
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Ethiopia - Ethio Telecom unveils new logo
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TEDxAddis- Israel Belema -Engineer and Inventor
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Opi Rai Global Citizenship Telecommunications and Healthcare in Africa LABMP 590 Fall 2013
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BTH-Ethiopian students dancing on stage during International Day 2010
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Harlem shake ethiopian (ethio telecom version)
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ETHIOPIA: land of tomorrow - PART 1 of 2
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Ethiopian Opposition Leader Extradited From Yemen.
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Telecommunications giant MTN and Absa bank have joined forces to combat sim swap fraud
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ETHIOPIA: land of tomorrow - PART 2 of 2
ETHIOPIA: land of tomorrow - PART 2 of 2
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"Let
"Let's Connect" - The Lebanese Ministry of Telecommunications
::2014/05/08::
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BilisummaaTV:Ethiopian Dictator Meles Zenawi Banned Paltalk.
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Telecoms Billionaire: Nigerian Taxes "Very High"
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Asia Business Channel - Tanzania (Tanzania Telecommunications Company Limited)
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Tampnet Offshore Telecom Infrastructure
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Modernising Ethiopia
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Ethiopia - News in Amharic October 12, 2012 [Girum Show]
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828 Transnational Telecommunications Fraud Suspects Apprehended
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A Skype Call in Ethiopia Could Land You in Jail
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::2012/06/21::
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::2013/08/14::
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Telecommunications project #3
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WSIS+10 INTERVIEW: Dr Mohamed Ibrahim, Minister of Information Posts & Communications, Somalia
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African Telecommunications Sector with Arthur Goldstuck
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French High Court Verdict Against Telecom Company Take Down A Mobile Phone Tower
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The Construction in Ethiopia - Part 1
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Le DG de Djibouti Telecom Idriss Ismaïl Aouled fait visiter la Station des Cables SEA ME WE le Secré
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Balageru Idol BEST Ethiopian IDOL 2013
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SA
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Telco Talk - South African telecommunications industry - Part 2
Telco Talk - South African telecommunications industry - Part 2
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Bahrain Telecom Market is the Most Competitive in the Middle East
Bahrain Telecom Market is the Most Competitive in the Middle East
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Wireless telecommunication equipments company XMW
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Sense your World Portugal
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Euphoria Telecom Overview
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O3b
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::2013/05/08::
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Ethiopian Idol Amazing littl 360P
Ethiopian Idol Amazing littl 360P
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Telecoms - How to drive investment in Nigeria
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::2012/02/02::
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Sense your World Sweden part 1
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Living alongside Ethiopian Wolves
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Telecom New Zealand Derby Preview
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::2012/02/29::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Telecommunications in Ethiopia is a monopoly in the control of Ethio Telecom, formerly the Ethiopian Telecommunications Corporation (ETC); all telephone service and internet access[clarification needed] requires Ethio Telecom to be involved. As of 2012, 20.524 million cellular phones and 797,500 main line phones were in use.[1]

Overview[edit]

The telephone system consists of open wire and microwave radio relay system adequate for government use. Domestic systems are open wire; microwave radio relay; radio communication in the HF, VHF, and UHF frequencies; two domestic satellites provide the national trunk service. International systems are open wire to Sudan and Djibouti; microwave radio relay to Kenya and Djibouti; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean and 2 Pacific Ocean).[1]

The Ethiopian dial plan changed on 17 September 2005. City codes (i.e., internal prefixes) changed from two digits to three (or, from outside Ethiopia, one digit to two). Phone numbers changed from six digits to seven.

In 2007, there were 89 internet hosts.[1] IN 2009, there were 447,300 internet users.[1] In 2010, just 0.75 percent of the population were using the Internet, one of the lowest rates in the world.[2] Ethiopia's country code (TLD) is .et.

History[edit]

The first telegraph line in Ethiopia was constructed in the years 1897 - 1899 between the cities of Harar and the capital Addis Ababa. This was extended in 1904 by a line that ran from Addis Ababa through Tigray into Eritrea and to Massawa; and the next year by a line again from Addis Ababa to Gore in the province of Illubabor and Jimma in Kaffa.

The first telephones were brought by Ras Makonnen from Italy in 1890, and connected between the Palace and the Imperial treasury; the sound of disembodied voices frightened the local priests, who thought it was the work of demons. The Emperor Menelik II responded to their protests with disdain, and later used the telephone to give orders to his provincial governors.[3] Emperor Haile Selassie had begun the process of introducing radio transmitters to the country for civilian and military use in the years before the Italian invasion.[4]

Current status[edit]

According to the ETC, the average rural inhabitant of Ethiopia has to walk 30 kilometers to the nearest phone. The ETC announced 7 September 2006 a program to improve national coverage, and reduce the average distance to 5 kilometers.[5]

Since 2008 CDMA2000 and WCDMA is available in certain areas.

For travelers, local prepaid SIMs are available at small shops, Ethio Telecom Kiosks and hotels. Satellite phones may require letter of permission from the ETC prior to bringing such phones through customs.

Use of voice over IP services such as Skype and Google Talk was prohibited by telecommunications legislation in 2002.[6][7] Personal use of these services was legalised by the Proclamation on Telecom Fraud Offences of 2012.[6]

Since the changes and upgarde of equipment in the mid-2000 the telecommunication network is frequently out of work or overloaded, callers using both the landlines and mobile network are unable to connect, the situation is made worse by inclement weather. The ETC has not addressed this issue publicly nor admitted that the coverage and service is below par.[8]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d CIA World Factbook.
  2. ^ "Percentage of individuals using the Internet 2000-2010". International Telecommunication Union. Retrieved 8 July 2012.
  3. ^ Chris Proutky, Empress Taytu and Menelik II: Ethiopia 1883-1910 (Trenton: The Red Sea Press, 1986), pp. 237ff.
  4. ^ Richard Pankhurst, Economic History of Ethiopia (1800 - 1935) (Addis Ababa: Haile Selassie I University Press, 1968), pp. 341, 606.
  5. ^ ETC to make 10,000 rural kebeles beneficiaries of telephone services (Walta)
  6. ^ Gebru, Samuel M. (22 June 2012). "Telecom, terror and digital economy in Ethiopia". Nazret.com. Retrieved 22 June 2012. 
  7. ^ http://www.economist.com/news/middle-east-and-africa/21584037-government-expands-mobile-phone-network-tightens-its-grip-out-reach

External links[edit]

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