1
The biography of Ethiopian telecommunications pioneer and inventor: Engineer Terefe Raswork
The biography of Ethiopian telecommunications pioneer and inventor: Engineer Terefe Raswork
DATE: 2014/07/29::
2
Ethiopia - Ethio Telecom unveils new logo
Ethiopia - Ethio Telecom unveils new logo
DATE: 2012/02/09::
3
Ericsson to take part in telecom expansion in Ethiopia
Ericsson to take part in telecom expansion in Ethiopia
DATE: 2014/12/18::
4
Mobile Banking in Ethiopia
Mobile Banking in Ethiopia
DATE: 2012/12/13::
5
Ethiopia - Federal police arrested men who provide illegal telecom servie
Ethiopia - Federal police arrested men who provide illegal telecom servie
DATE: 2014/12/20::
6
Huawei & ZTE in $750M deal to upgrade Ethiopia
Huawei & ZTE in $750M deal to upgrade Ethiopia's mobile service coverage
DATE: 2013/07/29::
7
Poor connectivity affecting multiple businesses and the economy in Ethiopia
Poor connectivity affecting multiple businesses and the economy in Ethiopia
DATE: 2013/10/08::
8
Engineer and inventor | Israel Belema | TEDxAddis
Engineer and inventor | Israel Belema | TEDxAddis
DATE: 2011/03/17::
9
Anh ngữ đặc biệt: Mobile Banking Ethiopia (VOA)
Anh ngữ đặc biệt: Mobile Banking Ethiopia (VOA)
DATE: 2012/12/17::
10
Wireless Internet and Phone - Ethiopian Telecom Ads
Wireless Internet and Phone - Ethiopian Telecom Ads
DATE: 2009/11/17::
11
Ethiopia - Illegal telecommunication providers
Ethiopia - Illegal telecommunication providers
DATE: 2015/01/20::
12
Sense your World Ethiopia
Sense your World Ethiopia
DATE: 2009/12/03::
13
Harlem shake ethiopian (ethio telecom version)
Harlem shake ethiopian (ethio telecom version)
DATE: 2013/07/26::
14
Documentary:U.S Policy:ETHIOPIA A FAILED STATE!
Documentary:U.S Policy:ETHIOPIA A FAILED STATE!
DATE: 2015/02/04::
15
Opi Rai Global Citizenship Telecommunications and Healthcare in Africa LABMP 590 Fall 2013
Opi Rai Global Citizenship Telecommunications and Healthcare in Africa LABMP 590 Fall 2013
DATE: 2013/12/02::
16
Ethiopian Opposition Leader Extradited From Yemen.
Ethiopian Opposition Leader Extradited From Yemen.
DATE: 2014/07/05::
17
Baby Names: Thoughts from Rural Ethiopia
Baby Names: Thoughts from Rural Ethiopia
DATE: 2014/08/19::
18
BTH-Ethiopian students dancing on stage during International Day 2010
BTH-Ethiopian students dancing on stage during International Day 2010
DATE: 2010/10/01::
19
BilisummaaTV:Ethiopian Dictator Meles Zenawi Banned Paltalk.
BilisummaaTV:Ethiopian Dictator Meles Zenawi Banned Paltalk.
DATE: 2012/06/25::
20
Hot New Ethiopian Music 2014 Teddy Afro - Beseba D
Hot New Ethiopian Music 2014 Teddy Afro - Beseba D
DATE: 2014/08/22::
21
French High Court Verdict Against Telecom Company Take Down A Mobile Phone Tower
French High Court Verdict Against Telecom Company Take Down A Mobile Phone Tower
DATE: 2010/08/25::
22
ETHIOPIA: land of tomorrow - PART 1 of 2
ETHIOPIA: land of tomorrow - PART 1 of 2
DATE: 2009/11/21::
23
Bull Jumping. Ethiopia. by Mindia
Bull Jumping. Ethiopia. by Mindia
DATE: 2013/08/28::
24
TEDxAddis - Daniel Gad - Mining Gold from Dirt
TEDxAddis - Daniel Gad - Mining Gold from Dirt
DATE: 2011/03/17::
25
Top 10 Telecom Companies in the World
Top 10 Telecom Companies in the World
DATE: 2014/05/10::
26
GOLDOGOB : : GOLD-CITY : :galdogob
GOLDOGOB : : GOLD-CITY : :galdogob
DATE: 2009/09/04::
27
The Construction in Ethiopia - Part 1
The Construction in Ethiopia - Part 1
DATE: 2010/02/19::
28
Black Billionaires " Forbes List of Richest Black People in the World"
Black Billionaires " Forbes List of Richest Black People in the World"
DATE: 2012/12/18::
29
Africa
Africa's telecoms frontier
DATE: 2014/06/16::
30
ETHIOPIA: land of tomorrow - PART 2 of 2
ETHIOPIA: land of tomorrow - PART 2 of 2
DATE: 2009/11/21::
31
GALDOGOB, MUDUG, SOMALIA 2004  (2)
GALDOGOB, MUDUG, SOMALIA 2004 (2)
DATE: 2006/05/24::
32
Huawei Telecom Seeds for the Future
Huawei Telecom Seeds for the Future
DATE: 2014/10/02::
33
Euphoria Telecom Overview
Euphoria Telecom Overview
DATE: 2012/07/14::
34
Tamrin Dump Trucks
Tamrin Dump Trucks
DATE: 2014/08/14::
35
Top 10 Largest Cities or Towns of Somalia
Top 10 Largest Cities or Towns of Somalia
DATE: 2015/01/23::
36
Telecom rises in the ranks of infrastructure must-haves
Telecom rises in the ranks of infrastructure must-haves
DATE: 2011/02/22::
37
GALDOGOB, MUDUG, SOMALIA 2004 (1)
GALDOGOB, MUDUG, SOMALIA 2004 (1)
DATE: 2006/05/24::
38
828 Transnational Telecommunications Fraud Suspects Apprehended
828 Transnational Telecommunications Fraud Suspects Apprehended
DATE: 2011/09/30::
39
A Skype Call in Ethiopia Could Land You in Jail
A Skype Call in Ethiopia Could Land You in Jail
DATE: 2012/06/21::
40
Telecoms Billionaire: Nigerian Taxes "Very High"
Telecoms Billionaire: Nigerian Taxes "Very High"
DATE: 2014/05/12::
41
Ebola outbreak: Africa sets up $28.5m crisis fund
Ebola outbreak: Africa sets up $28.5m crisis fund
DATE: 2014/11/08::
42
Ethiopian History Discussed on VOA: Dr Shumet Sisay and Gebrekidan Desta
Ethiopian History Discussed on VOA: Dr Shumet Sisay and Gebrekidan Desta
DATE: 2014/10/20::
43
Sense your World Sweden part 1
Sense your World Sweden part 1
DATE: 2009/12/03::
44
Sense your World Uzbekistan
Sense your World Uzbekistan
DATE: 2009/12/03::
45
Sense your World Poland
Sense your World Poland
DATE: 2009/12/03::
46
ESAT Yesamentu engeda Ato Birhanu Damte Aba mela May 2013 Ethiopia
ESAT Yesamentu engeda Ato Birhanu Damte Aba mela May 2013 Ethiopia
DATE: 2014/10/14::
47
Telecommunications giant MTN and Absa bank have joined forces to combat sim swap fraud
Telecommunications giant MTN and Absa bank have joined forces to combat sim swap fraud
DATE: 2013/05/24::
48
Portugal Telecom: Service Agility for Innovation and Speed
Portugal Telecom: Service Agility for Innovation and Speed
DATE: 2014/10/26::
49
Telecommunications Ad  - Luggage
Telecommunications Ad - Luggage
DATE: 2010/02/12::
50
Sense your World China part 1
Sense your World China part 1
DATE: 2009/12/03::
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RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Telecommunications in Ethiopia is a monopoly in the control of Ethio Telecom, formerly the Ethiopian Telecommunications Corporation (ETC). As of 2012, 20.524 million cellular phones and 797,500 main line phones were in use.[1]

Overview[edit]

The telephone system in Ethiopia consists of open wire and microwave radio relay systems adequate for government use. Domestic systems are open wire; microwave radio relay; radio communication in the HF, VHF, and UHF frequencies; two domestic satellites provide the national trunk service. International systems are open wire to Djibouti and Sudan; microwave radio relay to Djibouti and Kenya; and satellite earth stations are 3 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean and 2 Pacific Ocean).[1]

The Ethiopian dial plan changed on 17 September 2005. City codes (i.e., internal prefixes) changed from two digits to three (or, from outside Ethiopia, one digit to two). Phone numbers changed from six digits to seven.

In 2007, there were 89 internet hosts.[1] There were 447,300 internet users in 2009.[1] In 2010, just 0.75 percent of the population were using the Internet, one of the lowest rates in the world.[2] Ethiopia's country code (TLD) is .et.

History[edit]

The first telegraph line in Ethiopia was constructed in the years 1897 - 1899 between the cities of Harar and the capital Addis Ababa. This was extended in 1904 by a line that ran from Addis Ababa through Tigray into Eritrea and to Massawa; and the next year by a line again from Addis Ababa to Gore in the province of Illubabor and Jimma in Kaffa.

The first telephones were brought by Ras Makonnen from Italy in 1890, and connected between the Palace and the Imperial treasury; the sound of disembodied voices frightened the local priests, who thought it was the work of demons. The Emperor Menelik II responded to their protests with disdain, and later used the telephone to give orders to his provincial governors.[3] Emperor Haile Selassie had begun the process of introducing radio transmitters to the country for civilian and military use in the years before the Italian invasion.[4]

Current status[edit]

According to the ETC, the average rural inhabitant of Ethiopia has to walk 30 kilometers to the nearest phone. The ETC announced 7 September 2006 a program to improve national coverage, and reduce the average distance to 5 kilometers.[5]

Since 2008 CDMA2000 and WCDMA is available in certain areas.

For travelers, local prepaid SIMs are available at small shops, Ethio Telecom Kiosks and hotels. Satellite phones may require letter of permission from the ETC prior to bringing such phones through customs.

Use of voice over IP services such as Skype and Google Talk was prohibited by telecommunications legislation in 2002.[6][7] Personal use of these services was legalised by the Proclamation on Telecom Fraud Offences of 2012.[6]

Since the changes and upgrade of equipment in the mid-2000 the telecommunication network is frequently out of work or overloaded, callers using both the landlines and mobile network are unable to connect, the situation is made worse by inclement weather. The ETC has not addressed this issue publicly nor admitted that the coverage and service is below par.[8]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d CIA World Factbook.
  2. ^ "Percentage of individuals using the Internet 2000-2010". International Telecommunication Union. Retrieved 8 July 2012.
  3. ^ Chris Proutky, Empress Taytu and Menelik II: Ethiopia 1883-1910 (Trenton: The Red Sea Press, 1986), pp. 237ff.
  4. ^ Richard Pankhurst, Economic History of Ethiopia (1800 - 1935) (Addis Ababa: Haile Selassie I University Press, 1968), pp. 341, 606.
  5. ^ ETC to make 10,000 rural kebeles beneficiaries of telephone services (Walta)
  6. ^ Gebru, Samuel M. (22 June 2012). "Telecom, terror and digital economy in Ethiopia". Nazret.com. Retrieved 22 June 2012. 
  7. ^ http://www.economist.com/news/middle-east-and-africa/21584037-government-expands-mobile-phone-network-tightens-its-grip-out-reach

External links[edit]

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