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1
The biography of Ethiopian telecommunications pioneer and inventor: Engineer Terefe Raswork
The biography of Ethiopian telecommunications pioneer and inventor: Engineer Terefe Raswork
::2014/07/29::
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2
Huawei & ZTE in $750M deal to upgrade Ethiopia
Huawei & ZTE in $750M deal to upgrade Ethiopia's mobile service coverage
::2013/07/29::
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Mobile Banking in Ethiopia
Mobile Banking in Ethiopia
::2012/12/13::
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Anh ngữ đặc biệt: Mobile Banking Ethiopia (VOA)
Anh ngữ đặc biệt: Mobile Banking Ethiopia (VOA)
::2012/12/17::
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Poor connectivity affecting multiple businesses and the economy in Ethiopia
Poor connectivity affecting multiple businesses and the economy in Ethiopia
::2013/10/08::
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Ethiopia - Ethio Telecom unveils new logo
Ethiopia - Ethio Telecom unveils new logo
::2012/02/09::
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TEDxAddis- Israel Belema -Engineer and Inventor
TEDxAddis- Israel Belema -Engineer and Inventor
::2011/03/17::
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Harlem shake ethiopian (ethio telecom version)
Harlem shake ethiopian (ethio telecom version)
::2013/07/26::
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Sense your World Ethiopia
Sense your World Ethiopia
::2009/12/03::
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ETHIOPIA: land of tomorrow - PART 1 of 2
ETHIOPIA: land of tomorrow - PART 1 of 2
::2009/11/21::
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Opi Rai Global Citizenship Telecommunications and Healthcare in Africa LABMP 590 Fall 2013
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::2013/12/02::
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ETHIOPIA: land of tomorrow - PART 2 of 2
ETHIOPIA: land of tomorrow - PART 2 of 2
::2009/11/21::
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Aljawal Saudi Telecom Commercial
Aljawal Saudi Telecom Commercial
::2013/10/18::
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Ethiopian Opposition Leader Extradited From Yemen.
Ethiopian Opposition Leader Extradited From Yemen.
::2014/07/05::
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BilisummaaTV:Ethiopian Dictator Meles Zenawi Banned Paltalk.
BilisummaaTV:Ethiopian Dictator Meles Zenawi Banned Paltalk.
::2012/06/25::
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Euphoria Telecom Overview
Euphoria Telecom Overview
::2012/07/14::
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A brief history of telecommunications in Africa
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::2013/08/20::
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Telecoms Billionaire: Nigerian Taxes "Very High"
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::2014/05/12::
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::2014/10/02::
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::2013/07/06::
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French High Court Verdict Against Telecom Company Take Down A Mobile Phone Tower
French High Court Verdict Against Telecom Company Take Down A Mobile Phone Tower
::2010/08/25::
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Telecommunications giant MTN and Absa bank have joined forces to combat sim swap fraud
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::2013/05/24::
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23
The Construction in Ethiopia - Part 1
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::2010/02/19::
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BTH-Ethiopian students dancing on stage during International Day 2010
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::2010/10/01::
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Ethiopian News July 22, 2013 - Mobile Network Problems Worsen in Addis Ababa
Ethiopian News July 22, 2013 - Mobile Network Problems Worsen in Addis Ababa
::2013/07/22::
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A Skype Call in Ethiopia Could Land You in Jail
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::2012/06/21::
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Living alongside Ethiopian Wolves
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::2009/11/17::
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O3b
O3b's first customer terminal installation, Telecom Cook Islands.
::2013/05/08::
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::2010/02/12::
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WSIS+10 INTERVIEW: Dr Mohamed Ibrahim, Minister of Information Posts & Communications, Somalia
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::2014/06/11::
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TEDxAddis - Daniel Gad - Mining Gold from Dirt
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::2011/03/17::
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"Let
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::2014/05/08::
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Black Billionaires " Forbes List of Richest Black People in the World"
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How can the Internet change South African society? - Councillor William Stucke
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::2011/09/23::
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::2013/01/31::
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Asia Business Channel - Tanzania (Tanzania Telecommunications Company Limited)
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::2014/02/26::
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Tamrin Dump Trucks
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Digital Migration: ITU asks African nations to migrate before June 17th 2015
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::2014/05/27::
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Sense your World Portugal
Sense your World Portugal
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GALDOGOB, MUDUG, SOMALIA 2004 (1)
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History of the Ethiopian Postal Service and historical postal stamps1
History of the Ethiopian Postal Service and historical postal stamps1
::2010/01/02::
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Nigeria UK Telecom Summit 2011 (High Res)
Nigeria UK Telecom Summit 2011 (High Res)
::2011/04/07::
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Gulf of Aden Boat Sinking Leaves 66 Dead Immigrants From Somalia, Eritrea And Ethiopia
Gulf of Aden Boat Sinking Leaves 66 Dead Immigrants From Somalia, Eritrea And Ethiopia
::2014/10/20::
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South Sudan - Telecoms, Mobile & Broadband Market - Investment Environment & Forecasts
South Sudan - Telecoms, Mobile & Broadband Market - Investment Environment & Forecasts
::2014/01/20::
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RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Telecommunications in Ethiopia is a monopoly in the control of Ethio Telecom, formerly the Ethiopian Telecommunications Corporation (ETC). As of 2012, 20.524 million cellular phones and 797,500 main line phones were in use.[1]

Overview[edit]

The telephone system in Ethiopia consists of open wire and microwave radio relay systems adequate for government use. Domestic systems are open wire; microwave radio relay; radio communication in the HF, VHF, and UHF frequencies; two domestic satellites provide the national trunk service. International systems are open wire to Djibouti and Sudan; microwave radio relay to Djibouti and Kenya; and satellite earth stations are 3 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean and 2 Pacific Ocean).[1]

The Ethiopian dial plan changed on 17 September 2005. City codes (i.e., internal prefixes) changed from two digits to three (or, from outside Ethiopia, one digit to two). Phone numbers changed from six digits to seven.

In 2007, there were 89 internet hosts.[1] There were 447,300 internet users in 2009.[1] In 2010, just 0.75 percent of the population were using the Internet, one of the lowest rates in the world.[2] Ethiopia's country code (TLD) is .et.

History[edit]

The first telegraph line in Ethiopia was constructed in the years 1897 - 1899 between the cities of Harar and the capital Addis Ababa. This was extended in 1904 by a line that ran from Addis Ababa through Tigray into Eritrea and to Massawa; and the next year by a line again from Addis Ababa to Gore in the province of Illubabor and Jimma in Kaffa.

The first telephones were brought by Ras Makonnen from Italy in 1890, and connected between the Palace and the Imperial treasury; the sound of disembodied voices frightened the local priests, who thought it was the work of demons. The Emperor Menelik II responded to their protests with disdain, and later used the telephone to give orders to his provincial governors.[3] Emperor Haile Selassie had begun the process of introducing radio transmitters to the country for civilian and military use in the years before the Italian invasion.[4]

Current status[edit]

According to the ETC, the average rural inhabitant of Ethiopia has to walk 30 kilometers to the nearest phone. The ETC announced 7 September 2006 a program to improve national coverage, and reduce the average distance to 5 kilometers.[5]

Since 2008 CDMA2000 and WCDMA is available in certain areas.

For travelers, local prepaid SIMs are available at small shops, Ethio Telecom Kiosks and hotels. Satellite phones may require letter of permission from the ETC prior to bringing such phones through customs.

Use of voice over IP services such as Skype and Google Talk was prohibited by telecommunications legislation in 2002.[6][7] Personal use of these services was legalised by the Proclamation on Telecom Fraud Offences of 2012.[6]

Since the changes and upgarde of equipment in the mid-2000 the telecommunication network is frequently out of work or overloaded, callers using both the landlines and mobile network are unable to connect, the situation is made worse by inclement weather. The ETC has not addressed this issue publicly nor admitted that the coverage and service is below par.[8]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d CIA World Factbook.
  2. ^ "Percentage of individuals using the Internet 2000-2010". International Telecommunication Union. Retrieved 8 July 2012.
  3. ^ Chris Proutky, Empress Taytu and Menelik II: Ethiopia 1883-1910 (Trenton: The Red Sea Press, 1986), pp. 237ff.
  4. ^ Richard Pankhurst, Economic History of Ethiopia (1800 - 1935) (Addis Ababa: Haile Selassie I University Press, 1968), pp. 341, 606.
  5. ^ ETC to make 10,000 rural kebeles beneficiaries of telephone services (Walta)
  6. ^ Gebru, Samuel M. (22 June 2012). "Telecom, terror and digital economy in Ethiopia". Nazret.com. Retrieved 22 June 2012. 
  7. ^ http://www.economist.com/news/middle-east-and-africa/21584037-government-expands-mobile-phone-network-tightens-its-grip-out-reach

External links[edit]

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