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The biography of Ethiopian telecommunications pioneer and inventor: Engineer Terefe Raswork
The biography of Ethiopian telecommunications pioneer and inventor: Engineer Terefe Raswork
Published: 2014/07/29
Channel: Cyber Ethiopia
Ethio Telecom to employ new system to prevent handset theft, illegal external calls
Ethio Telecom to employ new system to prevent handset theft, illegal external calls
Published: 2016/03/29
Channel: DireTube Ethiopia
Ethiopia: Ethio-Telecom Restores Mobile Data
Ethiopia: Ethio-Telecom Restores Mobile Data
Published: 2017/03/23
Channel: Proud Ethiopian
Mobile Banking in Ethiopia
Mobile Banking in Ethiopia
Published: 2012/12/13
Channel: VOA Learning English
Poor connectivity affecting multiple businesses and the economy in Ethiopia
Poor connectivity affecting multiple businesses and the economy in Ethiopia
Published: 2013/10/08
Channel: CGTN Africa
Huawei & ZTE in $750M deal to upgrade Ethiopia
Huawei & ZTE in $750M deal to upgrade Ethiopia's mobile service coverage
Published: 2013/07/29
Channel: CGTN Africa
Wireless Internet and Phone - Ethiopian Telecom Ads
Wireless Internet and Phone - Ethiopian Telecom Ads
Published: 2009/11/17
Channel: diretube2009
EthioTelecom is Still Trouble
EthioTelecom is Still Trouble
Published: 2013/07/22
Channel: ldet yene
Focus on Africa
Focus on Africa's mobile telecommunication industry
Published: 2014/07/04
Channel: CNBCAfrica
Ethio Telecom    Moa Promotion Service
Ethio Telecom Moa Promotion Service
Published: 2017/02/13
Channel: Moa Business Promotion
What
What's New - Coverage on Ethio Telecom
Published: 2016/03/10
Channel: ebstv worldwide
East Africa
East Africa's telecommunication experts discuss increasing internet access
Published: 2017/05/27
Channel: CGTN Africa
Managerial Finance: Telecommunication Industry in Malaysia
Managerial Finance: Telecommunication Industry in Malaysia
Published: 2017/02/01
Channel: Faisal Jamaludin
Sodere com   Ethio Telecom is the most  profitable     Facebook
Sodere com Ethio Telecom is the most profitable Facebook
Published: 2015/12/04
Channel: Bruk Alem
telecom industry swot analysis essays
telecom industry swot analysis essays
Published: 2016/11/20
Channel: Евгений Завьялов
S7 Ep.4 Pt.2 - Mobile Telecommunications Technology Explained -TechTalk With Solomon
S7 Ep.4 Pt.2 - Mobile Telecommunications Technology Explained -TechTalk With Solomon
Published: 2016/01/25
Channel: TechTalkWithSolomon
Ethio Telecom seeks contractors for large HQ complex
Ethio Telecom seeks contractors for large HQ complex
Published: 2014/11/11
Channel: Yostina Babi
The Likusasa portfolio of telecommunications services
The Likusasa portfolio of telecommunications services
Published: 2015/05/08
Channel: Likusasa Engineering And Contracting
S7 Ep.3 Pt.1 - Mobile Telecommunications Technology Explained -TechTalk With Solomon
S7 Ep.3 Pt.1 - Mobile Telecommunications Technology Explained -TechTalk With Solomon
Published: 2016/01/13
Channel: TechTalkWithSolomon
China
China's telecommunications companies set up shop in Africa
Published: 2015/11/19
Channel: CGTN Africa
Engineer and inventor | Israel Belema | TEDxAddis
Engineer and inventor | Israel Belema | TEDxAddis
Published: 2011/03/17
Channel: TEDx Talks
DireTube News - Ethio Telecom’s 4G network to launch on Saturday
DireTube News - Ethio Telecom’s 4G network to launch on Saturday
Published: 2015/03/20
Channel: DireTube.com
Voice of Tigray Revolution Ethiopia 5950 Khz Shortwave
Voice of Tigray Revolution Ethiopia 5950 Khz Shortwave
Published: 2016/08/08
Channel: OfficialSWLchannel
Ethio Telecom To Improve Quality of Its Services As Complains Grow Among Subscribers
Ethio Telecom To Improve Quality of Its Services As Complains Grow Among Subscribers
Published: 2012/12/13
Channel: EthioSport
What
What's That Infrastructure? (Ep. 5 - Wireless Telecommunications)
Published: 2017/03/06
Channel: Practical Engineering
DireTube News - Ethio Telecom fulfils 90% of the sector’s objective in the GTP
DireTube News - Ethio Telecom fulfils 90% of the sector’s objective in the GTP
Published: 2015/06/11
Channel: DireTube.com
DireTube News - Ethio Telecom’s services deteriorate amid the launch of a 4G network
DireTube News - Ethio Telecom’s services deteriorate amid the launch of a 4G network
Published: 2015/03/24
Channel: DireTube.com
Ethio Telecom to roll out new services
Ethio Telecom to roll out new services
Published: 2014/11/29
Channel: Tewdage Bekele
Sprint Signs Telecommunications Deal in Cuba
Sprint Signs Telecommunications Deal in Cuba
Published: 2016/01/14
Channel: VOA Khmer Learning English
First light rail in Ethiopia spurs urban management
First light rail in Ethiopia spurs urban management
Published: 2015/11/25
Channel: CGTN Africa
Voice of Tigray Revolution radio, Mekele, Ethiopia
Voice of Tigray Revolution radio, Mekele, Ethiopia
Published: 2015/06/27
Channel: Dennis Kalinin
Anh ngữ đặc biệt: Mobile Banking Ethiopia (VOA)
Anh ngữ đặc biệt: Mobile Banking Ethiopia (VOA)
Published: 2012/12/17
Channel: Học tiếng Anh cùng VOA
Remarks by Hu, Ethiopia and Egyptian presidents
Remarks by Hu, Ethiopia and Egyptian presidents
Published: 2015/07/30
Channel: AP Archive
ET3AA Ethiopia on 15 metres
ET3AA Ethiopia on 15 metres
Published: 2012/03/18
Channel: mythicalireland
Top 10 Richest People In Africa 2017
Top 10 Richest People In Africa 2017
Published: 2017/01/22
Channel: Kofi Addai
ETHIOPIA - International ICT Expo
ETHIOPIA - International ICT Expo
Published: 2017/07/06
Channel: DireTube Ethiopia
MAKE MONEY IN MODERN TELECOMMUNICATIONS
MAKE MONEY IN MODERN TELECOMMUNICATIONS
Published: 2008/09/09
Channel: KIRKMARA36
COMPANY NEWS
COMPANY NEWS
Published: 2017/04/06
Channel: CGTN Africa
Simulation and processing of data streams in Telecom - Koen Dejonghe
Simulation and processing of data streams in Telecom - Koen Dejonghe
Published: 2016/11/03
Channel: Spark Technology Center
Opi Rai Global Citizenship Telecommunications and Healthcare in Africa LABMP 590 Fall 2013
Opi Rai Global Citizenship Telecommunications and Healthcare in Africa LABMP 590 Fall 2013
Published: 2013/12/02
Channel: Kim Solez
Nigeria telecommunication operators to block voice calls on instant messaging apps
Nigeria telecommunication operators to block voice calls on instant messaging apps
Published: 2017/03/31
Channel: CGTN Africa
Radio Oromiya, Ethiopia 6030 khz
Radio Oromiya, Ethiopia 6030 khz
Published: 2012/09/01
Channel: 1963Dx
Exploring trends shaping Africa
Exploring trends shaping Africa's telecoms industry
Published: 2015/12/10
Channel: KPMG Africa
S9 Ep.5 - UFOs in Lalibela? Addis ICT Innovation Competition & More - TechTalk With Solomon
S9 Ep.5 - UFOs in Lalibela? Addis ICT Innovation Competition & More - TechTalk With Solomon
Published: 2016/09/22
Channel: TechTalkWithSolomon
Saturday,November 23,1974  The Day That Changed Ethiopia Forever
Saturday,November 23,1974 The Day That Changed Ethiopia Forever
Published: 2014/10/12
Channel: Manzehel Zeshewa
Lanck Telecom: Middle East wholesale telecoms
Lanck Telecom: Middle East wholesale telecoms
Published: 2015/07/05
Channel: Telecoms World Middle East
Ethio telecom cancels the contract it signed with Ericsson
Ethio telecom cancels the contract it signed with Ericsson
Published: 2015/07/23
Channel: myCoffee
Ethiopian News July 22, 2013 - Mobile Network Problems Worsen in Addis Ababa
Ethiopian News July 22, 2013 - Mobile Network Problems Worsen in Addis Ababa
Published: 2013/07/22
Channel: DezeTubeVideos
Amr Shady
Amr Shady's TA Telecom is one of the fastest growing tech companies in Africa
Published: 2015/06/28
Channel: CGTN Africa
Wolayta talk show friends on the phone
Wolayta talk show friends on the phone
Published: 2016/08/02
Channel: Wonde Man
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Telecommunications in Ethiopia is a monopoly in the control of Ethio Telecom, formerly the Ethiopian Telecommunications Corporation (ETC). As of 2012, 20.524 million cellular phones and 797,500 main line phones were in use.[1]

Overview[edit]

The telephone system in Ethiopia consists of open wire and microwave radio relay systems adequate for government use. Domestic systems are open wire; microwave radio relay; radio communication in the HF, VHF, and UHF frequencies; two domestic satellites provide the national trunk service. International systems are open wire to Djibouti and Sudan; microwave radio relay to Djibouti and Kenya; and satellite earth stations are 3 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean and 2 Pacific Ocean).[1]

The Ethiopian dial plan changed on 17 September 2005. City codes (i.e., internal prefixes) changed from two digits to three (or, from outside Ethiopia, one digit to two). Phone numbers changed from six digits to seven.

In 2007, there were 89 internet hosts.[1] There were 447,300 internet users in 2009.[1] In 2010, just 0.75 percent of the population were using the Internet, one of the lowest rates in the world.[2] Ethiopia's country code (TLD) is .et.

History[edit]

The first telegraph line in Ethiopia was constructed in the years 1897 - 1899 between the cities of Harar and the capital Addis Ababa. This was extended in 1904 by a line that ran from Addis Ababa through Tigray into Eritrea and to Massawa; and the next year by a line again from Addis Ababa to Gore in the province of Illubabor and Jimma in Kaffa.

The first telephones were brought by Ras Makonnen from Italy in 1890, and connected between the Palace and the Imperial treasury; the sound of disembodied voices frightened the local priests, who thought it was the work of demons. The Emperor Menelik II responded to their protests with disdain, and later used the telephone to give orders to his provincial governors.<ref>Chris Proutky, Empress Taytu and Menelik II: Ethiopia 1883-1910 (Trenton: The Red Sea Press, 1986), pp. 237ff.</ref> Emperor Haile Selassie had begun the process of introducing radio transmitters to the country for civilian and military use in the years before the Italian invasion.<ref>Richard Pankhurst, Economic History of Ethiopia (1800 - 1935) (Addis Ababa: Haile Selassie I University Press, 1968), pp. 341, 606.</ref>

Current status[edit]

According to the ETC, the average rural inhabitant of Ethiopia has to walk 30 kilometers to the nearest phone. The ETC announced 7 September 2006 a program to improve national coverage, and reduce the average distance to 5 kilometers.[3]

Since 2008 CDMA2000 and WCDMA is available in certain areas.

For travelers, local prepaid SIMs are available at small shops, Ethio Telecom Kiosks and hotels. Satellite phones may require letter of permission from the ETC prior to bringing such phones through customs.

Use of voice over IP services such as Skype and Google Talk was prohibited by telecommunications legislation in 2002.[4][5] Personal use of these services was legalised by the Proclamation on Telecom Fraud Offences of 2012.[4]

Since the changes and upgrade of equipment in the mid-2000 the telecommunication network is frequently out of work or overloaded, callers using both the landlines and mobile network are unable to connect, the situation is made worse by inclement weather. The ETC has not addressed this issue publicly nor admitted that the coverage and service is below par.[6]

Ethiopian telecom has launched the Fourth Generation (4G) Long-Term Evolution (LTE) service on March 21, 2015 in line with the help of the Chinese company HUAWEI.[7]

Ethio-Telecom Corporate Compunction Officer, Abdurahim Mohammed, stated that the rural telecom access within 5 km radius service has currently reached 96 per cent. As part of the efforts to expand its service and improve network quality, Ethio Telecom had built 725 stations in Addis Ababa alone during the past 20 years, he said. Damages on fiber optic cables and power interruptions are among the challenges the service provider faced in its expansion and network quality improvement efforts, he said.[8]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]

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