5 geographic zones
|Typical format||0X XX XX XX XX|
|International call prefix||00|
The plan uses a ten-digit closed numbering scheme, where the first two digits denote the area:
All geographic numbers are dialed in the ten-digit format, even for local calls. The international access code also changed from 19 to the International Telecommunication Union's recommended 00, bringing France into line with many other countries.
When calling France from abroad, the leading zero should be omitted: to call a number in Southwest France, one would dial +33 5 xx xx xx xx.
On October 25 1985, France changed to a system of two areas: outside Paris the old area code was incorporated into the subscriber's eight-digit number; for Paris, the code '1' was retained, and a digit '4' was added to the front of seven digit numbers. For numbers in the Île-de-France surrounding Paris, the old codes '3' and '6' joined the old seven digit numbers to become eight digit numbers and were assigned to the Paris area code '1'. To call the rest of France from Paris, however, the trunk prefix '16' had to be dialed before the eight-digit number, and to call Paris from the rest of France, the prefix '16' had to be dialed, followed by the area code for Paris '1' and the eight digit number.
In 1996, this changed to the present ten-digit system.
Following liberalisation in 1998, subscribers could access different carriers by replacing the '0' (omitted from numbers when called from outside France) with another digit. For example, Cegetel required subscribers to dial '7', e.g.: Paris 71 xx xx xx xx, instead of 01 xx xx xx xx. Similarly, the international access code using Cegetel would be '70' instead of '00'.
The 09 prefix was introduced in September 2006 and older numbers such as 08 7X XX XX XX are replaced by 09 5X XX XX XX (telephone service offered by Internet Provider "Free").
The French overseas departments (départements d'outre mer or DOMs), Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana and Réunion have separate country codes from metropolitan France, although they are treated as part of the French numbering plan, with direct dialing for calls between the DOMs (including collectivités territoriales) and metropolitan France. Guadeloupe shares its country code with the collectivities Saint Barthelemy and Saint Martin). Calls between the DOMs and metropolitan France require only the '0' to be dialed.
Since 2001, telephone numbers in the DOMs have followed the same ten-digit format as metropolitan France, with the country code being used as a geographical area code:
On March 30, 2007, Mayotte adopted the +262 code, used by Réunion, and a new numbering range was introduced for mobile phones:
Calls to and from the territoires d'outre mer, however, require full international dialing, hence the international access code and country code must be used:
Until 17 December 1994, Andorra formed part of the French numbering plan, with numbers beginning with 628, after which the principality adopted the country code 376. Consequently, all calls from France to Andorra must be dialed in international format 00 376 plus the phone number, while calls from Andorra to France similarly must be dialed as 00 33 plus the phone number. On 21 June 1996, Monaco similarly adopted its own country code 377, replacing access from France (+33 93).
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