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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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City of Temecula
City
Temecula City Hall
Temecula City Hall
Motto: Old Traditions New Opportunities
Location of Riverside County within the State of California
Location of Riverside County within the State of California
Coordinates: 33°30′12″N 117°7′25″W / 33.50333°N 117.12361°W / 33.50333; -117.12361Coordinates: 33°30′12″N 117°7′25″W / 33.50333°N 117.12361°W / 33.50333; -117.12361
Country United States
State California
County Riverside
Founded 1859
Incorporated December 1, 1989
Government
 • City Council Mayor Maryann Edwards
Chuck Washington
Michael Naggar
Ronald Roberts
Jeff Comerchero
 • City Manager Aaron Adams
 • Treasurer / Finance Director (TBA 2013)
 • City Clerk Susan Jones
Area[1]
 • Total 30.167 sq mi (78.133 km2)
 • Land 30.151 sq mi (78.092 km2)
 • Water 0.016 sq mi (0.042 km2)  0.05%
Elevation 1,019 ft (310.59 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 100,097
 • Rank 5th in Riverside County
66th in California
275th in the United States
 • Density 3,300/sq mi (1,300/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 92589-92593
Area code(s) 951
FIPS code 06-78120
GNIS feature ID 1652799
Website www.cityoftemecula.org

Temecula /tə mɛkˈlə/ is a city in southwestern Riverside County, California, with a population of 100,097 as of the 2010 census.[2] It was incorporated on December 1, 1989. Temecula is bordered by the City of Murrieta to the north and the Pechanga Indian Reservation and San Diego County to the south. The City of Temecula forms the southwestern anchor of the Inland Empire region.

The city is a prominent tourist destination, with the Temecula Valley Wine Country, Old Town Temecula, the Temecula Valley Polo Club, the Temecula Valley Balloon & Wine Festival, the Temecula Valley International Film Festival, championship golf courses, and resort accommodations attracting a significant amount of tourists which appreciably contributes to the city's economic profile.[3][4] In addition to the tourism sector, the educational, healthcare, leisure, professional, finance, and retail sectors contribute to the city's economy.[5]

History[edit]

Pre-1800[edit]

The area was inhabited by the Temecula natives for hundreds of years before their first meeting with the Spanish missionaries (the people are now generally known as the Luiseños, after the Mission San Luis Rey de Francia).[6] The Pechanga Band of Luiseño Indians believe their ancestors have lived in the Temecula area for more than 10,000 years. In Pechanga mythology, life on earth began in the Temecula Valley. They call it, "Exva Temeeku", the place of the union of Sky-father, and Earth-mother ("Tuukumit'pi Tamaayowit"). The Temecula Indians ("Temeekuyam") lived at "Temeekunga" – "the place of the sun".[7]

Other popular interpretations of the name, Temecula, include "The Sun That Shines Through The Mist"[8] or "Where the sun breaks through the mist".[9]

The first recorded Spanish visit occurred in October 1797, with a Franciscan padre, Father Juan Norberto de Santiago, and Captain Pedro Lisalde.[9][10] Father Santiago kept a journal in which he noted their seeing "Temecula ...an Indian village".[11] The trip included the Lake Elsinore area and the Temecula Valley.

Today, over 1,000 Native Americans (this may mean tribal members, but includes those whose families were categorized "Spanish" and/or "Mexican" in the late 1800s/early 1900s) live in the Temecula Valley. The wine industry was founded by the Californios; colonial Spanish settlers planted grapes and vineyards well-suited for the climate. The vineyards were then adapted by Anglo-American settlers and European immigrants from Spain, Italy and France in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.[citation needed]

1800–1900[edit]

In 1798, Spanish Missionaries established the Mission of San Luis Rey de Francia and designated the Indians living in the region "Sanluiseños", or shortened to "Luiseños".[12] In the 1820s, the Mission San Antonio de Pala was built.

The Mexican land grants made in the Temecula area were Rancho Temecula granted to Felix Valdez and Rancho Pauba to the east granted to Vicente Moraga in 1844. Rancho Little Temecula on fertile well watered land at the southern end of the valley, which included the village of Temecula, was made in 1845 to Luiseño Pablo Apis, one of the few former mission converts to be given a land grant.[13][14][15][16] A fourth grant, known as Rancho Santa Rosa in the hills to the west of Temecula, was made to Juan Moreno in 1846.

The Luiseño and Cahuilla tribes were involved in the local battles of the Mexican-American War during the following years. In January 1847 in an event known as the Pauma Massacre, Luiseño captured 11 Mexican soldiers, who had stolen some of the tribe's horses. The Californios mounted a military retaliation directed by General Pio Pico in Los Angeles. A combined force of Mexican soldiers and Cahuilla Indians killed 33 to 100 Luiseños (most estimates are 33-40 dead), in an action that became known as the Temecula Massacre.

As American settlers began to move into the area after the war, friction with the native tribes increased. A Treaty was signed in the Magee Store in Temecula in 1852, but never ratified by the United States Congress.[17] In addition, the Luiseños challenged the late land grant claims, as under Mexican law, they were supposed to be able to stay on the mission lands which they had cultivated and settled. They challenged the Apis claim to the Little Temecula Rancho by taking the case to the Land Commission. On November 15, 1853, the Board rejected the Luiseño claim. When they appealed in 1856, the court found in favor of the heirs of Pablo Apis (who had died in late 1853 or early 1854). The Luiseño of Temecula village remained on the south side of Temecula Creek until 1872 when the Apis grant was acquired by Louis Wolf. They were then evicted in 1875.[18]

A stagecoach line started a local route from Warner Ranch to Colton in 1857 that passed through Temecula Valley. Within a year, the Butterfield Overland Mail stagecoach line, with a route between St. Louis, Missouri and San Francisco, stopped at Temecula's Magee Store.[19] On April 22, 1859, the first inland Southern California post office was established in Temecula in the Magee Store. This was the second post office in the state, the first being located in San Francisco. The Temecula post office was moved in the ensuing years. Its present locations are the seventh and eighth sites occupied. The American Civil War put an end to the Butterfield Overland Stage Service, but stage service continued on the route under other stage companies until the railroad reached Fort Yuma in 1877.[20]

In 1862, Louis Wolf, a Temecula merchant and postmaster, married Ramona Place, who was mixed-race and half Indian. Author Helen Hunt Jackson spent time with Louis and Ramona Wolf in 1882 and again in 1883. Wolf's store became an inspiration for Jackson's fictional "Hartsel's store" in her 1884 novel, Ramona.[21]

In 1882, the United States government established the Pechanga Indian Reservation of approximately 4,000 acres (16 km2) some 8 miles (13 km) from downtown Temecula. Also in 1882, the California Southern Railroad, a subsidiary of the Santa Fe Railroad completed construction of the section from National City to Temecula. In 1883, the line was extended to San Bernardino. In the late 1880s, a series of floods washed out the tracks and the section of the railroad through the canyon was finally abandoned. The old Temecula station was used as a barn and later demolished.

In the 1890s with the operation of granite stone quarries, Temecula granite was shaped into fence and hitching posts, curb stones, courthouse steps, and building blocks. At the turn of the 20th century, Temecula gained a place of importance as a shipping point for grain and cattle.

1900–1989[edit]

Temecula, 1909.

In 1904 Walter L. Vail, who had come to the United States with his parents from Nova Scotia, migrated to California. Along with various partners, he began buying land in Southern California. Vail bought ranchland in the Temecula Valley, buying 38,000 acres (154 km2) of Rancho Temecula and Rancho Pauba, along with the northern half of Rancho Little Temecula. Vail was killed by a street car in Los Angeles in 1906; his son, Mahlon Vail, took over the family ranch. In 1914, financed by Mahlon Vail and local ranchers, the First National Bank of Temecula opened on Front Street. In 1915, the first paved, two-lane county road was built through Temecula.

By 1947, the Vail Ranch contained over 87,500 acres (354 km2). In 1948, the Vail family built a dam to catch the Temecula Creek water and created Vail Lake. Through the mid-1960s the economy of the Temecula Valley centered around the Vail Ranch; the cattle business and agriculture were the stimuli for most business ventures. In 1964, the Vail Ranch was sold to Kaiser Land Development Company. A later purchase by the group brought the total area to 97,500 acres (395 km2), and the area became known as Rancho California. The I-15 corridor between Los Angeles County and San Diego was completed in the early 1980s and the subdivision land boom began. When Rancho California incorporated in December, 1989, the citizens voted to officially name their city "Temecula".

1990–present[edit]

The 1990s brought rapid growth to the Temecula Valley. Many families began to move to the area from San Diego and Orange County drawn by the affordable housing prices and the popular wine country. In fall 1999, The Promenade Mall opened in Temecula. In 2005, Temecula expanded greatly by annexing the neighboring planned community known as Redhawk, bringing the population to 90,000. After a period of rapid population growth and home construction, the 2007 subprime mortgage financial crisis and the resultant United States housing market correction caused a sharp rise in home foreclosures in the Temecula-Murrieta region.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 30.2 square miles (78.2 km2), of which, 30.2 square miles (78.1 km²) of it is land and 0.02 square miles (0.1 km2) of it (0.05%) is water.

Climate[edit]

Temecula has a Mediterranean climate (Köppen: CSa). [22] August is typically the hottest month of the year with December being the coldest month. Most precipitation occurs from November to March with February being the wettest month. Winter storms generally bring moderate precipitation, but strong winter storms are not uncommon especially during "El Niño" years. The driest month is June. Annual precipitation is 14.14 inches. Morning marine layer is common during May and June. From July to September, Temecula experiences hot, dry weather with the occasional North American monsoonal flow that increases the humidity and brings isolated thunderstorms. Most of the storms tend to be short lived with little, if any rainfall. During late fall into winter, Temecula experiences dry, windy north-eastern Santa Ana winds. Snowfall is rare, but Temecula has experienced traces of snowfall on occasion.[23] A rare F1 tornado touched down in a Temecula neighborhood on February 19, 2005. [24]

Climate data for Temecula, California
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 90
(32)
90
(32)
98
(37)
102
(39)
111
(44)
110
(43)
114
(46)
115
(46)
113
(45)
110
(43)
96
(36)
89
(32)
115
(46)
Average high °F (°C) 69.4
(20.8)
67.6
(19.8)
71.5
(21.9)
72.8
(22.7)
77.9
(25.5)
83.0
(28.3)
90.0
(32.2)
91.4
(33)
89.7
(32.1)
81.5
(27.5)
74.9
(23.8)
68.6
(20.3)
78.4
(25.8)
Average low °F (°C) 40.5
(4.7)
42.0
(5.6)
44.9
(7.2)
47.7
(8.7)
53.0
(11.7)
56.5
(13.6)
61.5
(16.4)
61.6
(16.4)
58.8
(14.9)
52.8
(11.6)
45.0
(7.2)
39.8
(4.3)
50.4
(10.2)
Record low °F (°C) 14
(−10)
21
(−6)
25
(−4)
29
(−2)
34
(1)
32
(0)
31
(−1)
45
(7)
40
(4)
30
(−1)
21
(−6)
18
(−8)
14
(−10)
Precipitation inches (mm) 2.59
(65.8)
3.70
(94)
1.13
(28.7)
.90
(22.9)
.25
(6.4)
.03
(0.8)
.08
(2)
.05
(1.3)
.07
(1.8)
.94
(23.9)
1.33
(33.8)
3.07
(78)
14.14
(359.2)
Source #1: weathercurrents.com [25]
Source #2: weather.com [26]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 839
1980 1,783
1990 27,099 1,419.9%
2000 57,716 113.0%
2010 100,097 73.4%
Est. 2012 105,208 [27] 5.1%

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[28] reported that Temecula had a population of 100,097. The population density was 3,318.0 people per square mile (1,281.1/km²). The racial makeup of Temecula was 70,880 (70.8%) White (57.2% Non-Hispanic White),[29] 4,132 (4.1%) African American, 1,079 (1.1%) Native American, 9,765 (9.8%) Asian, 368 (0.4%) Pacific Islander, 7,928 (7.9%) from other races, and 5,945 (5.9%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 24,727 persons (24.7%).

The Census reported that 99,968 people (99.9% of the population) lived in households, 121 (0.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 8 (0%) were institutionalized.

There were 31,781 households, out of which 15,958 (50.2%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 20,483 (64.5%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 3,763 (11.8%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1,580 (5.0%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,463 (4.6%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 186 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 4,400 households (13.8%) were made up of individuals and 1,387 (4.4%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.15. There were 25,826 families (81.3% of all households); the average family size was 3.46.

The population was spread out with 30,690 people (30.7%) under the age of 18, 9,317 people (9.3%) aged 18 to 24, 27,869 people (27.8%) aged 25 to 44, 24,416 people (24.4%) aged 45 to 64, and 7,805 people (7.8%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.4 years. For every 100 females there were 95.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.9 males.

There were 34,004 housing units at an average density of 1,127.2 per square mile (435.2/km²), of which 21,984 (69.2%) were owner-occupied, and 9,797 (30.8%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.7%; the rental vacancy rate was 7.1%. 69,929 people (69.9% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 30,039 people (30.0%) lived in rental housing units.

According to 2011 estimates based on the 2007-2011 five-year American Community Survey, a part of the U.S. Census Bureau, the median income for a household in the city was $76,276, and the mean household income was $88,170. The median family income was $83,539, and the mean family income for the city was $93,853.[30]

The U.S. Census Bureau's American Community Survey reported an estimated 1.5% of the population of Temecula's working force, or 1,085 individuals, were involved with the U.S. Armed Forces as of 2011. This figure is slightly higher than the 2011 estimated national average of 0.5%.[31]

2000[edit]

As of the census[32] of 2000, there were 57,716 people, 18,293 households, and 15,164 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,198.3 people per square mile (848.6/km²). There were 19,099 housing units at an average density of 727.4 per square mile (280.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 78.9% White, 3.4% African American, 0.9% Native American, 4.7% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 7.4% from other races, and 4.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 19.0% of the population.

There were 18,293 households out of which 52.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.8% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.1% were non-families. 12.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.2 and the average family size was 3.5.

In the city the population was spread out with 34.7% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 33.3% from 25 to 44, 17.2% from 45 to 64, and 7.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. The above average number of young people in Temecula was attributed to an influx of middle-class families came to buy homes in the 1990s real estate boom. For every 100 females there were 97.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.2 males.

According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $75,335, and the median income for a family was $80,836.[33] Males had a median income of $47,113 (2000) versus $31,608 (2000) for females. The per capita income for the city was $24,312 (2003). About 5.6% of families and 6.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.1% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

Temecula is an affluent community.[30] Supported by high median and mean income levels as well as the city's favorable tourism and resort industries, the city is a prominent tourist destination, with the Temecula Valley Wine Country, Old Town Temecula, the Temecula Valley Polo Club, the Temecula Valley Balloon & Wine Festival, the Temecula Valley International Film Festival, championship golf courses, and resort accommodations attracting a significant amount of tourists which appreciably contributes to the city's economic profile.[3][4] In addition to the tourism sector, the educational, leisure, professional, finance, and retail sectors contribute to the city's economy.[5] Additionally, the Outdoor Channel is based in Temecula.

Top Employers[edit]

According to the City's 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[34] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Abbott Laboratories 3,120
2 Temecula Valley Unified School District 2,696
3 Professional Hospital Supply 1,200
4 International Rectifier 584
5 Macy's 319
6 Costco 318
7 EMD Millipore 272
8 Milgard Manufacturing 250
9 Southwest Traders 250
10 Plant Equipment, Inc. 222
11 DCH Auto Group 212
12 FFF Enterprises 184
13 Channell 180
14 Target 176
15 Temecula Creek Inn 174
16 Stater Bros. 170
17 Opto 22 170
18 Sears 170
19 JC Penney 165
20 Toyota of Temecula Valley 160
21 City of Temecula 158
22 Rancho California Water District 151
23 The Home Depot 140
24 Lowe's 134
25 Albertsons 130
* Pechanga Resort and Casino 3500-4000

Education[edit]

Temecula Valley Unified School District[edit]

The Temecula Valley Unified School District (TVUSD) and its schools are consistently ranked as having the highest Academic Performance Indices within Riverside County.[35]

The district's general boundaries extend north to Baxter Road in French Valley, south to the Riverside/San Diego county line, east to Vail Lake, and west to the Temecula city limit. The district covers approximately 148 square miles (383 km2), with an enrollment of approximately 25,000 students (Grades K-12).

Private schools[edit]

  • Hillcrest Academy
  • Linfield Christian School
  • Rancho Community Christian School
  • Van Avery Prep
  • Saint Jeanne de Lestonnac School
  • Saint Ives
  • Saint Bernaby

Charter Schools[edit]

Politics[edit]

In the state legislature Temecula is located in the 36th Senate District, represented by Republican Joel Anderson, and in the 64th and 66th Assembly Districts, represented by Republicans Brian Nestande and Kevin Jeffries respectively. Federally, Temecula is located in California's 49th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +10[36] and is represented by Republican Darrell Issa.

Parks & recreation[edit]

Temecula has 39 parks, 22 miles of trails[37] and 11 major community facilities.[38] In 2013, it was named a Bronze Level Bicycle Friendly Community and it was named a Playful City USA[39][40] Temecula's Pennypickle's Workshop was a winner of Nickelodeon's Parents' Picks Award for "Best Museum" and "Best Kids' Party Place".[41]

Temecula's parks include the Ronald Reagan Sports Park (formerly named Rancho California Sports Park).[42]

Public services[edit]

Public safety[edit]

Temecula provides police service in cooperation with the Riverside County Sheriff's Department via a contract with the department fulfilled through its Southwest Sheriff's Station, located in the unincorporated community of French Valley, just immediately north of the city of Temecula, east of State Route 79. The station is adjacent to the Riverside County Superior Court's Southwest Regional Judicial District Courthouse and Southwest Detention Center, one of the five regional jails in Riverside County. The sheriff's station is currently commanded by Captain Andre O'Harra,[43] who also serves as Temecula's Chief of Police.

The city of Temecula contracts for fire and paramedic services with the Riverside County Fire Department through a cooperative agreement with CAL FIRE. Temecula currently has five fire stations with five paramedic engine companies, one truck company and two CAL FIRE wildland fire engines.[44]

American Medical Response provides paramedic ambulance transport to an emergency department.

Public libraries[edit]

Cemetery[edit]

The Temecula Cemetery[45] is operated by the Temecula Public Cemetery District.[46] Land for the cemetery was originally donated by Mercedes Pujol in 1884 from the estate of her husband, Domingo Pujol.[47]

Places of worship[edit]

Tourism[edit]

Temecula Valley Balloon and Wine Festival

Wine Country[edit]

More than 40 years after Richard Break and Leon Borel first planted 56 varieties of wine-making grapes in five different locations for the newly formed Rancho California Development Corporation, the Temecula Valley has become recognized as a full-fledged appellation. In 1967 John Moramarco planted the first 1,000 acres of commercial winegrapes for Brookside Vineyards and Winery. Today, there are approximately 40 wineries and more than 3,500 acres (14 km2) of producing vineyards. The wine country is a few miles east of historic Old Town Temecula, with a variety of tasting rooms.[54] The annual Temecula Valley Balloon & Wine Festival is held at nearby Lake Skinner. The festival offers live entertainment, hot air balloon rides, and wine tasting, with many of the area's local wineries represented.

Golf[edit]

Golfers can use one of the nine local golf courses including Pechanga's Journey, Redhawk, Temecula Creek Inn, Temeku Hills, CrossCreek, Pala Mesa and the SCGA Member's Course (in nearby Murrieta).

Old Town Temecula[edit]

Old Town Temecula

"Old Town Temecula" is a collection of historic 1890s buildings, antique stores, hotels, museums, specialty food stores, restaurants, boutiques, gift and collectible stores, and antique dealers. Old Town is also home to such events as car shows, western days, and summer entertainment. On weekends, Old Town also hosts a growing nightlife.

Old Town is also home to the Temecula Museum which features exhibits about the local band of Native Americans and the local natural history and city development. The newly completed City Hall is also located in Old Town.

Pechanga Resort and Casino[edit]

In 2001, the Pechanga Band of Luiseño Indians built the $262 million Pechanga Resort and Casino complex. Linked together in an architectural design that subtly highlights the tribe's Luiseño culture, the facility includes: an 85,000-square-foot (7,900 m2) casino, 1,200-seat bingo hall, 515,000-square-foot (47,800 m2), 13-story, 522-room hotel and 38,800-square-foot (3,600 m2) convention center, 1,200-seat showroom, 200-seat cabaret lounge, and seven restaurants. The new casino also features 2,000 slot machines, 60 card tables and over 50 poker tables.

In 2004, a new gaming area was completed. It is almost 400,000 square feet (40,000 m2) in area, including a new nightclub, Silk, and the Round Bar. Silk has a capacity of 1600 people and has five bars inside the club. The Round Bar features California's largest glass structure. The new casino also features a new sportsbar and restaurant, Kelseys, and six new eateries at the Temptations Food Walk.

Pechanga Resort and Casino is the Temecula Valley's largest employer, with about 7,500 people employed.

Festivals[edit]

  • Temecula Bluegrass Festival[55]
  • Temecula Valley Balloon & Wine Festival[56]
  • Temecula Valley International Film and Music Festival[57]
  • Temecula Valley International Jazz Festival[58]
  • Children's Matsuri[59]
  • Temecula Street Painting Festival[60]
  • Dutch American Heritage Day
  • Taste of the World
  • Temecula Rod Run – Old Town Temecula[61]

Sister cities and schools[edit]

Temecula maintains international relations with two cities, Leidschendam-Voorburg in the Netherlands and Daisen, Tottori in Japan.

Margarita Middle School is the sister school to Daisen-cho, Japan. The three high schools, Temecula Valley High School, Great Oak High School, and Chaparral High School switch off sending students to the Netherlands while they all share hosting. The Dutch students have usually come during October, but came in May in 2010, and the American students go during Spring Break. Margarita Middle sends a delegation every other year during Spring Break, while Daisen sends a delegation every year during the summer. The sister cities celebrated their 13th year of cooperation this year.

The city recently dedicated a Japanese Garden at the centrally located Temecula Duck Pond to honor the 10th anniversary of the city's relationship with sister city Daisen.

The Temecula Duck Pond is also home to an art piece entitled Singing in the Rain. It was commissioned by the city of Leidschendam-Voorburg as a gift to the city to commemorate the resilient American spirit in the aftermath of the September 11, 2001 attacks. The piece depicts a mother and her children bravely pedalling a bicycle into the strong headwinds of a storm. The statue stands as a lasting tribute to the strength and courage of those who refuse to be broken by brutality and terrorism.

Notable people[edit]

In media[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Census
  2. ^ American FactFinder
  3. ^ a b http://www.pe.com/local-news/riverside-county/temecula/temecula-headlines-index/20130720-temecula-huge-uptick-for-local-tourism-industry.ece Temecula Tourism
  4. ^ a b http://www.cityoftemecula.org/Temecula/Visitors/ Temecula Tourism
  5. ^ a b http://www.scag.ca.gov/resources/pdfs/2013LP/Temecula.pdf Temecula Economic Profile 2012
  6. ^ Luiseño
  7. ^ Pechanga Band of Luiseño Indians
  8. ^ Temecula history
  9. ^ a b Temecula history
  10. ^ Temecula history
  11. ^ Temecula history
  12. ^ The Pechanga Band of Luiseño Indians
  13. ^ Map of the Apis Grant
  14. ^ Leland E. Bibb, "Pablo Apis and Temecula", The Journal of San Diego History, Fall 1991, Volume 37, Number 4, p.260 Temecula and vicinity, showing the relationship of the Apis Adobe to modern highways and downtown Temecula.
  15. ^ Map of the village of Temecula and vicinity, showing the several historical sites which clustered around the mission-era pond.
  16. ^ Bibb, "Pablo Apis and Temecula", The Journal of San Diego History, p. 264
  17. ^ A treaty with the San Luis Rey
  18. ^ Kurt Van Horn, Tempting Temecula, The Making and Unmaking of a Southern California Community, The Journal of San Diego History, Winter 1974, Volume 20, Number 1.
  19. ^ Fallbrook Area Travelers, 1850 to 1889
  20. ^ "Temecula History" A Short History of Temecula, California, Courtesy of the Temecula Valley Museum
  21. ^ Jackson, Helen Hunt. "Ramona". Santa Clarita Valley Historical Society. Retrieved 2004-07-04. 
  22. ^ http://www.dfg.ca.gov/biogeodata/atlas/pdf/Clim_12b_web.pdf
  23. ^ "2004 Snowfall in the Temecula Valley". Retrieved 2012-09-06. 
  24. ^ https://weathercurrents.com/temecula/19Feb2005.jsp
  25. ^ Temecula California Climate Summary Weather Currents Retrieved 2011-06-06
  26. ^ Temecula California Record Temperatures Weather Currents Retrieved 2011-06-06
  27. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/PEP/2012/PEPANNRSIP.US12A
  28. ^ All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
  29. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0678120.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  30. ^ a b http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0678120lk.html
  31. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?src=bkmk
  32. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  33. ^ Temecula city, California factfinder.census.gov
  34. ^ City of Temecula CAFR
  35. ^ http://temecula.patch.com/groups/schools/p/tvusd-api-tops-county-as-do-several-temecula-schoolstvusd-api-tops-county-as-do-several-temecula-schools
  36. ^ "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. Retrieved 2008-02-10. 
  37. ^ http://www.cityoftemecula.org/Temecula/Residents/ParksFacilities/
  38. ^ http://laserfiche.cityoftemecula.org/WebLink8/ElectronicFile.aspx?docid=305741&&dbid=2
  39. ^ http://www.sddt.com/News/article.cfm?SourceCode=20130510cwd#.Uju8_MZ6bNk
  40. ^ http://temeculaoutreach.org/press-releases/city-of-temecula-named-a-bronze-level-bicycle-friendly-community
  41. ^ http://www.pennypickles.org/
  42. ^ In one of Ronald Reagan's presidential speeches, Temecula was mentioned by President Reagan, where he said: "There are similar stories right here in California, the folks in a rather small town, Temecula. They got together and built themselves a sports park, held fundraising barbecues and dinners. And those that didn't have money, volunteered the time and energy. And now the young people of that community have baseball diamonds for Little League and other sports events, just due to what's traditional Americanism." - at a luncheon meeting of the United States Olympic Committee in Los Angeles, California March 3, 1983. See City of Temecula: Ronald Reagan Sports Park
  43. ^ Riverside Sheriff's Department
  44. ^ http://rvcfire.org/ourDepartment/ServiceArea/Pages/default.aspx
  45. ^ Temecula Cemetery Find A Grave
  46. ^ California Association of Public Cemeteries, Members
  47. ^ History of the Temecula Public Cemetery District
  48. ^ http://score.rims.k12.ca.us/score_lessons/willis/
  49. ^ http://www.lightplanet.com/mormons/daily/history/gathering/California_EOM.htm
  50. ^ http://www.nctimes.com/news/local/article_303c5415-e36f-5bab-897a-719356afc7a0.html
  51. ^ http://www.cbctemecula.org/
  52. ^ Islamic Center of Temecula Valley
  53. ^ "Temecula approves mosque after contentious 8-hour hearing". Los Angeles Times. January 26, 2011. , Retrieved 2013-06-04.
  54. ^ The Forgotten Vineyard
  55. ^ Temecula Bluegrass Festival
  56. ^ Temecula Valley Balloon & Wine Festival
  57. ^ Temecula Valley International Film and Music Festival
  58. ^ Temecula Valley International Jazz Festival
  59. ^ Children's Matsuri
  60. ^ Temecula Street Painting Festival
  61. ^ Temecula Rod Run – Old Town Temecula
  62. ^ "Elizabeth Taylors eighth husband faces eviction". Yahoo!. 
  63. ^ Palomar Inn Hotel
  64. ^ "Restaurant Express visit Temecula". Retrieved 20 November 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

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