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1
Moray: Inca Experimental Farming Terraces
Moray: Inca Experimental Farming Terraces
::2012/08/25::
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2
Bhoomigeetham: Vegetable cultivation in terrace-Part 1
Bhoomigeetham: Vegetable cultivation in terrace-Part 1
::2013/09/09::
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3
[E] Legacy of Time History: El Dorado Branch 01: Terrace Farming
[E] Legacy of Time History: El Dorado Branch 01: Terrace Farming
::2014/05/05::
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4
Terrace Farming  in Kerala
Terrace Farming in Kerala
::2012/10/28::
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5
Overland Southwest China 2 "Dragon
Overland Southwest China 2 "Dragon's Backbone Rice Terrace Fields"
::2011/06/01::
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6
Green Terraces - An Initiative to Prevent Landslides through Urban Agriculture in Colombia
Green Terraces - An Initiative to Prevent Landslides through Urban Agriculture in Colombia
::2013/02/01::
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7
Home Garden training at TN Agriculture University
Home Garden training at TN Agriculture University
::2013/06/19::
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8
Retired Agriculture Employee
Retired Agriculture Employee's Garden Terrace - Annapurna
::2014/02/27::
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9
36 Terrace Farming in a Northern Village ~ Living Atlas Chile
36 Terrace Farming in a Northern Village ~ Living Atlas Chile
::2014/07/10::
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10
36 Terrace Farming in a Northern Village ~ Living Atlas Chile
36 Terrace Farming in a Northern Village ~ Living Atlas Chile
::2014/07/16::
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11
Terrace Krishi
Terrace Krishi
::2012/10/28::
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12
Terrace Farming
Terrace Farming
::2010/09/17::
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13
Terrace Cultivation: Part I
Terrace Cultivation: Part I
::2012/05/27::
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14
Terrace Farming - Kairali Interview
Terrace Farming - Kairali Interview
::2013/03/30::
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15
Terrace Cultivation: Part II
Terrace Cultivation: Part II
::2012/05/27::
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16
EASY way to grow Fruits , Vegetables & Medicinal Plants on terrace!
EASY way to grow Fruits , Vegetables & Medicinal Plants on terrace!
::2013/03/30::
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17
Bhoomigeetham: Vegetable cultivation in terrace-Part 4
Bhoomigeetham: Vegetable cultivation in terrace-Part 4
::2013/09/09::
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18
Bhoomigeetham: Vegetable cultivation in terrace-Part 2
Bhoomigeetham: Vegetable cultivation in terrace-Part 2
::2013/09/09::
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19
Terrace cultivation : A feature story
Terrace cultivation : A feature story
::2008/07/07::
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20
How to Grow Organic Vegetables on Your Roof Top
How to Grow Organic Vegetables on Your Roof Top
::2012/05/16::
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21
Terrace vegetable farming
Terrace vegetable farming
::2011/09/12::
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22
How to do terrace cultivation without damaging the terrace
How to do terrace cultivation without damaging the terrace
::2013/05/01::
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23
Bhoomigeetham: Vegetable cultivation in terrace-Part 3
Bhoomigeetham: Vegetable cultivation in terrace-Part 3
::2013/09/09::
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24
Growing Vegetables in containers or pots on a Terrace garden in Hyderabad
Growing Vegetables in containers or pots on a Terrace garden in Hyderabad
::2012/08/26::
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25
Organic Terrace Garden
Organic Terrace Garden
::2012/05/17::
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26
Basics of Terrace Maintenance
Basics of Terrace Maintenance
::2013/07/19::
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27
峇里島 稻田 小屋 Small shed in rice terrace in Bali, Indonesia hm2630000166
峇里島 稻田 小屋 Small shed in rice terrace in Bali, Indonesia hm2630000166
::2011/08/23::
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28
Cultivation of Rice in Nepal,  Part-1 .. HD
Cultivation of Rice in Nepal, Part-1 .. HD
::2013/07/25::
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29
Climate Change Adaptation technology: Fanya Juu Terraces
Climate Change Adaptation technology: Fanya Juu Terraces
::2011/06/20::
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30
Cheap Rooftop Vegetable Garden
Cheap Rooftop Vegetable Garden
::2012/09/06::
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31
Rice terraces of Indonesia
Rice terraces of Indonesia
::2011/12/19::
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32
Organic terrace garden - Alwarpet
Organic terrace garden - Alwarpet
::2013/02/21::
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33
Terrace Farming in Santa Catarina Guatemala on Lake Atitlan near Panajachel Guatemala
Terrace Farming in Santa Catarina Guatemala on Lake Atitlan near Panajachel Guatemala
::2010/03/21::
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34
IND256 - Permanent cultivation vs Jhum cultivation
IND256 - Permanent cultivation vs Jhum cultivation
::2013/02/24::
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35
Farming With Nature - Permaculture with Sepp Holzer
Farming With Nature - Permaculture with Sepp Holzer
::2008/03/06::
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36
Tomato & Cauluflower now after 60 days in my Terrace Garden.MPG
Tomato & Cauluflower now after 60 days in my Terrace Garden.MPG
::2013/02/05::
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37
Soil And Farming In Machu Picchu, Peru
Soil And Farming In Machu Picchu, Peru
::2013/03/18::
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38
Soil Erosion and Conservation: "Muddy Waters" US Department of Agriculture 9min
Soil Erosion and Conservation: "Muddy Waters" US Department of Agriculture 9min
::2012/07/11::
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39
Farm Basics #762-Terraces (Air Date 11/11/12)
Farm Basics #762-Terraces (Air Date 11/11/12)
::2012/11/14::
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40
峇里島 梯田 Rice terrace in Bali, Indonesia hm2630000165
峇里島 梯田 Rice terrace in Bali, Indonesia hm2630000165
::2011/08/23::
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41
Terrace Gardening
Terrace Gardening
::2011/10/19::
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42
印尼 峇里島 梯田 稻田 棕櫚樹 Rice terrace in Bali, Indonesia hm2630000172
印尼 峇里島 梯田 稻田 棕櫚樹 Rice terrace in Bali, Indonesia hm2630000172
::2011/08/23::
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43
Easy way Growing Tomato - on Terrace in polybags at Hyderabad (India)
Easy way Growing Tomato - on Terrace in polybags at Hyderabad (India)
::2013/08/13::
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44
Hortus Celestia Vertical Agriculture Tower
Hortus Celestia Vertical Agriculture Tower
::2013/03/15::
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45
China World Heritage List :: Honghe Hani Rice Terraces
China World Heritage List :: Honghe Hani Rice Terraces
::2013/09/15::
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46
Magister
Magister's Terrace Mount Farming
::2011/04/18::
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47
GroundUp Organics
GroundUp Organics
::2012/09/16::
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48
Rice Terraces of Yunnan, China - Great Attractions (China)
Rice Terraces of Yunnan, China - Great Attractions (China)
::2010/10/11::
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49
Building a terrace garden
Building a terrace garden
::2014/03/14::
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50
Terracing transformation at Love Apple Farm
Terracing transformation at Love Apple Farm
::2010/07/22::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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For other uses, see Terrace (disambiguation).
Rice terrace in Indonesia
Diagram showing Inca terrace engineering for agriculture.

In agriculture, a terrace is a piece of sloped plane that has been cut into a series of successively receding flat surfaces or platforms, which resemble steps, for the purposes of more effective farming. This type of landscaping, therefore, is called terracing. Graduated terrace steps are commonly used to farm on hilly or mountainous terrain. Terraced fields both decrease erosion and surface runoff, and may be used to support growing crops that require irrigation, such as rice. The rice terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras have been designated as UNESCO World Heritage Site because of the significance of this technique.[1]

Terraced paddy fields are used widely in rice, wheat and barley farming in east, south, and southeast Asia, as well as other places. Drier-climate terrace farming is common throughout the Mediterranean Basin, e.g., in Cadaqués, Catalonia, where they were used for vineyards, olive trees, cork oak, etc., on Mallorca, or in Cinque Terre, Italy.

In the South American Andes, farmers have used terraces, known as andenes, for over a thousand years to farm potatoes, maize, and other native crops. Terraced farming was developed by the Wari' and other peoples of the south-central Andes before 1000 CE, centuries before they were used by the Inca, who adopted them. The terraces were built to make the most efficient use of shallow soil and to enable irrigation of crops.

The Inca built on these, developing a system of canals, aqueducts, and puquios to direct water through dry land and increase fertility.[citation needed] These terraced farms are found wherever mountain villages have existed in the Andes. They provided food necessary to support the populations of great Inca cities and religious centres such as Machu Picchu.

Terracing is also used for gardening on sloping terrain; the Hanging Gardens of Babylon may have been built on an artificial mountain with stepped terraces, such as those on a ziggurat.[citation needed] At the seaside Villa of the Papyri in Herculaneum, the villa gardens of Julius Caesar's father-in-law were designed in terraces to give pleasant and varied views of the Bay of Naples.

Terraced fields are common in islands with steep slopes. The Canary Islands present a complex system of terraces covering the landscape from the coastal irrigated plantations to the dry fields in the highlands. These terraces, which are named cadenas (chains), are built with stone walls of skillful design, which include attached stairs and channels.[citation needed]

In old English, a terrace was also called a "lynch" (lynchet). An example of an ancient Lynch Mill is in Lyme Regis. The water is directed from a river by a duct along a terrace. This set-up was used in steep hilly areas in the UK.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "World Heritage List". UNESCO. Retrieved 2012-09-22. 

External links[edit]

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