Share
VIDEOS 1 TO 50
My First Ever Use of a Tesla Supercharger :)
My First Ever Use of a Tesla Supercharger :)
Published: 2017/04/04
Channel: A Digital Nomad | aDigitalNomad.net | #DigitalNomad
Tesla Supercharging & Supercharger Changes
Tesla Supercharging & Supercharger Changes
Published: 2016/11/14
Channel: The Nerdy Engineer
The TRUTH about Tesla
The TRUTH about Tesla's Supercharging
Published: 2017/10/07
Channel: Like Tesla
Tesla Supercharger - Somerset, PA
Tesla Supercharger - Somerset, PA
Published: 2014/01/13
Channel: NZCUTR
What Are The Costs of Using The Tesla Supercharger Network?
What Are The Costs of Using The Tesla Supercharger Network?
Published: 2017/01/14
Channel: Teslanomics by Ben Sullins
In Depth Tesla Urban Supercharger FIRST LOOK Chicago
In Depth Tesla Urban Supercharger FIRST LOOK Chicago
Published: 2017/09/15
Channel: KmanAuto
Tesla Superchargers vs The Others
Tesla Superchargers vs The Others
Published: 2016/04/17
Channel: James Cooke
Supercharger Announcement
Supercharger Announcement
Published: 2013/05/30
Channel: Tesla
What A Tesla Supercharger Station Is Really Like
What A Tesla Supercharger Station Is Really Like
Published: 2013/12/30
Channel: Business Insider
Tesla SuperCharger Costs
Tesla SuperCharger Costs
Published: 2017/02/11
Channel: michael subasic
Why Tesla is Protecting Batteries of Supercharger High-Use Cars By Slowing Charging Down
Why Tesla is Protecting Batteries of Supercharger High-Use Cars By Slowing Charging Down
Published: 2017/05/09
Channel: Transport Evolved
Free Charging for Life from the Tesla Supercharger
Free Charging for Life from the Tesla Supercharger
Published: 2017/09/08
Channel: John Chow
Tesla Supercharger 2017 - Kosten, Strafgebühren und mehr
Tesla Supercharger 2017 - Kosten, Strafgebühren und mehr
Published: 2017/02/10
Channel: Elektrisiert
Tesla
Tesla's "Urban" Superchargers - FIRST LOOK - Chicago, IL.
Published: 2017/09/15
Channel: Mike Anthony Autosports
Tesla Superchargers in Australia - Brisbane to Melbourne (and Ballarat)
Tesla Superchargers in Australia - Brisbane to Melbourne (and Ballarat)
Published: 2017/03/21
Channel: CWNE88
Teslas Brandneue Supercharger (...langsamer und trotzdem gut!?)
Teslas Brandneue Supercharger (...langsamer und trotzdem gut!?)
Published: 2017/09/24
Channel: Elektrisiert
Here are the new Superchargers Tesla is adding in 2017
Here are the new Superchargers Tesla is adding in 2017
Published: 2017/05/04
Channel: Tech Insider
Are Tesla Superchargers too crowded? Join me as I visit 6 Tesla Superchargers along Interstate 95.
Are Tesla Superchargers too crowded? Join me as I visit 6 Tesla Superchargers along Interstate 95.
Published: 2017/01/02
Channel: The Electric Israeli
NEW Tesla Supercharger Cost and Idle Fees
NEW Tesla Supercharger Cost and Idle Fees
Published: 2016/12/28
Channel: Tesla Family
De-ICE A Tesla Supercharger!  Tow Strap + Torque
De-ICE A Tesla Supercharger! Tow Strap + Torque
Published: 2017/06/15
Channel: KmanAuto
Girl takes her Tesla Model S to the Supercharger
Girl takes her Tesla Model S to the Supercharger
Published: 2017/01/23
Channel: Tesla Princess
Supercharger Blockiergebühr...Tesla Fordert Geld Von Mir
Supercharger Blockiergebühr...Tesla Fordert Geld Von Mir
Published: 2017/08/27
Channel: Elektrisiert
Will the Tesla Model 3 Bring the Supercharger Apocalypse?
Will the Tesla Model 3 Bring the Supercharger Apocalypse?
Published: 2017/04/20
Channel: Teslanomics by Ben Sullins
Tesla Supercharger 75D, 85D, 90D, 100D 0-99%
Tesla Supercharger 75D, 85D, 90D, 100D 0-99%
Published: 2017/09/10
Channel: Elektroauto im Alltag
Tesla Doubles Number of Superchargers Available to Public
Tesla Doubles Number of Superchargers Available to Public
Published: 2017/04/25
Channel: Bloomberg
Tesla’s Supercharger Policy Change -- What It Means For You
Tesla’s Supercharger Policy Change -- What It Means For You
Published: 2017/05/24
Channel: Transport Evolved
SUPERCHARGE! (Tesla Supercharger nedir?) (Elektrikli arabalar için çok hızlı şarj istasyonu!)
SUPERCHARGE! (Tesla Supercharger nedir?) (Elektrikli arabalar için çok hızlı şarj istasyonu!)
Published: 2017/04/17
Channel: Tesla Günlükleri
Tesla PAID Supercharging ?!?!
Tesla PAID Supercharging ?!?!
Published: 2017/05/01
Channel: DÆrik
Supercharging P100D to 90 %
Supercharging P100D to 90 %
Published: 2016/12/21
Channel: Bjørn Nyland
Tesla Model S - First Time Supercharging!
Tesla Model S - First Time Supercharging!
Published: 2017/08/06
Channel: Mike Anthony Autosports
How Fast is a Tesla SuperCharger?
How Fast is a Tesla SuperCharger?
Published: 2016/09/22
Channel: Daily Tesla
Was sagt meine Frau zu Tesla. Supercharger Nempitz. Roadtrip.
Was sagt meine Frau zu Tesla. Supercharger Nempitz. Roadtrip.
Published: 2017/10/06
Channel: T&T Tesla
Tesla Model S charging on CHAdeMO vs supercharger
Tesla Model S charging on CHAdeMO vs supercharger
Published: 2015/02/26
Channel: Bjørn Nyland
Tesla Model S Roadtrip München nach Berlin - Supercharger Strategie, Autopilot und Fahrspaß!
Tesla Model S Roadtrip München nach Berlin - Supercharger Strategie, Autopilot und Fahrspaß!
Published: 2016/05/08
Channel: Elektrisiert
Tesla Superchargers UK Road trip to Scotland
Tesla Superchargers UK Road trip to Scotland
Published: 2017/05/16
Channel: Red Carpet Vlog
Cómo funcionan los Supercharger de Tesla?
Cómo funcionan los Supercharger de Tesla?
Published: 2015/11/09
Channel: Saul Lopez
We Found ANOTHER New Tesla Supercharger! Still Under Construction!
We Found ANOTHER New Tesla Supercharger! Still Under Construction!
Published: 2017/10/11
Channel: DÆrik
WORLDS LARGEST TESLA SUPERCHARGER STATION
WORLDS LARGEST TESLA SUPERCHARGER STATION
Published: 2016/08/31
Channel: Robin Alexander Laumb
SUPERCHARGER TESLA MADRID
SUPERCHARGER TESLA MADRID
Published: 2017/10/15
Channel: Más Que Eléctricos MQE
Tesla SuperCharger Aichstetten (noch kostenlos!)
Tesla SuperCharger Aichstetten (noch kostenlos!)
Published: 2016/11/07
Channel: Schräg
8x Opladen met 600km/uur Tesla supercharger at work in oosterhout!
8x Opladen met 600km/uur Tesla supercharger at work in oosterhout!
Published: 2013/12/03
Channel: Vincent Everts
Tesla Model S road trip – Sydney to Melbourne
Tesla Model S road trip – Sydney to Melbourne
Published: 2015/11/01
Channel: CarAdvice.com
Tesla Model 3 Supercharger FEES | NEW Ludicrous PLUS mode?!?!
Tesla Model 3 Supercharger FEES | NEW Ludicrous PLUS mode?!?!
Published: 2017/01/16
Channel: Shots of Jameson
Tesla Model S Aufladen am Supercharger - Teil 1/3
Tesla Model S Aufladen am Supercharger - Teil 1/3
Published: 2015/03/29
Channel: Horst Lüning
Tesla Supercharger Wichtige Info - Warum Lade Ich Langsam?
Tesla Supercharger Wichtige Info - Warum Lade Ich Langsam?
Published: 2016/06/08
Channel: Elektrisiert
Tesla Supercharger werden kostenpflichtig für Model S, X und Model 3
Tesla Supercharger werden kostenpflichtig für Model S, X und Model 3
Published: 2016/11/10
Channel: Horst Lüning
Tesla Liefert Überfälliges Supercharger Feature!
Tesla Liefert Überfälliges Supercharger Feature!
Published: 2017/02/15
Channel: Elektrisiert
Tesla Model S 60 Kwh Supercharging Speed
Tesla Model S 60 Kwh Supercharging Speed
Published: 2016/12/14
Channel: James and Kate
Tesla Supercharger Status: Put to the Test
Tesla Supercharger Status: Put to the Test
Published: 2017/03/01
Channel: Tesla Princess
Wilmington NC Tesla Supercharger is super convenient!
Wilmington NC Tesla Supercharger is super convenient!
Published: 2017/06/18
Channel: Model X Be Tripping
NEXT
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Tesla station)
Jump to: navigation, search
Tesla Supercharger network rapid charging station in Tejon Ranch, California. The rooftop of the carport has a solar collector manufactured by SolarCity feeding energy into the grid.

The Tesla Supercharger network is a system of 480-volt fast-charging stations built by Tesla Inc. to allow longer journeys for their all-electric manufactured vehicles (Model S, 3 and X), through quick charging of the vehicle's battery packs.

Tesla began building the network in 2012. As of September 2017, there were 995 stations globally, with 6,910 chargers.[1] The Supercharger is a proprietary direct current (DC) technology that provides up to[clarification needed] 120 kW of power per car (depending on circumstances),[2] giving the 90 kWh Model S an additional 170 miles (270 km) of range in about 30 minutes charge and a full charge in around 75 minutes.[3] A software update provided in 2015 to all Tesla cars uses demand information from each Supercharger station to plan the fastest route, if charging will be necessary to reach the destination.[4]

Supercharging is free for all Model S and Model X cars that were ordered before January 15, 2017[5] or for vehicles that were purchased using a referral code[6]. Model S and Model X cars that were ordered from 2017 onwards are limited to free 400 kWh (about 1,000 miles or 1,600 km) per year.[7] Beyond that, supercharging will have a fee, but at a lower price than filling up a gas-powered car.[8] As of December 16, 2016, a car that remains connected to a Supercharger after being fully charged will be charged an idle fee of $0.40 a minute. This fee is waived if the car is removed in five minutes.[9] Any incurred fees will be paid at the next service visit.

As of April 2017, Tesla plans to expand from approximately 9,000 charging stations to 15,000 during 2017, in advance of the Model 3 rollout which they expect to put significant additional demand for use of the facilities.[10]

When both pairs of Tesla Supercharger station stalls (A and B) occupied, they share the available power of up to 145 kW[11] (each Supercharger cabinet[12] with twelve charger modules[13][14][15][16] feeds two charging stalls (max 120 kW per car), so if two cars are charging at the same time their charging rate may be reduced).[17]

Supercharger technology[edit]

Tesla logo at Supercharger station

Tesla supercharging stations charge with up to 145 kW of power distributed between two adjacent cars, with a maximum of 120 kW per car.[18][11][19] They take about 20 minutes to charge to 50%, 40 minutes to charge to 80%, and 75 minutes to 100%. The charging stations provide high-power direct-current (DC) charging power directly to the battery, bypassing the internal charging power supply.[3] The next version of Supercharging is expected to charge with more than 350 kW.[20][21]

A few of the Tesla supercharging stations use solar panels to offset energy use and provide shade.[22] In the next few years after 2016, Tesla plans to install additional solar power generation at superchargers. For Model S and X vehicles ordered through January 2017, the cost for using the superchargers for the life of the car is covered with the purchase of the car. As of January 2017, the network is exclusive to Model S and Model X. Supercharging hardware is standard on Model S vehicles equipped with a battery of 70 kWh or greater, and optional (with a one-time payment of US$2,000) on Model S vehicles equipped with a 60 kWh battery. The Roadster is not equipped to charge from the Superchargers, but all future Tesla cars will include the ability.[23][24][25] In May 2017, Tesla announced that existing Tesla owners can give free Supercharging to up to five friends if they use their referral code, and all existing Tesla owners who purchase a new Model S or Model X will receive free Supercharging on those cars.[26]

On the European market Tesla uses for its cars and Superchargers a slightly modified form of the standardized IEC 62196 Type 2 connector.[27] This results in a serious incompatibility with imported US Tesla cars. As of 2017, Tesla is the only automaker which offers based on the IEC 62196-2 specification the charging with direct current (DC). The specification IEC 62196-3 Combined Charging System (CCS) is favored as a multivendor direct current charging standard.[28]

Tesla has indicated on multiple occasions that they were interested in having discussions with other auto manufacturers about sharing the Supercharger network, however no agreements have been completed or made public to date.[29][30]

Supercharging network[edit]

Tesla Supercharger stations allow Tesla cars to be fast-charged at the network within an hour. Supercharging is free of charge for cars purchased before early 2017. As of June 2017, Tesla operates 5,655 superchargers in 861 stations worldwide;[1] these included 386 stations in the U.S., 298 in Europe, and 167 in the Asia/Pacific region.[31]

A Supercharger station concept that can charge over 12 cars simultaneously.
Tesla is planning to build large Supercharger stations in urban areas, largely due to the high demand for the upcoming Model 3.[32]

In October 2014, there were 119 standard Tesla Supercharger stations operating in the United States, 76 in Europe, and 26 in Asia.[3] On 31 March 2016, Tesla CEO Elon Musk announced that the number of Supercharger stations would be doubled (from 613 stations with 3,628 chargers) by 2017.[33] The average amount of Teslas per Supercharger was 34 in 2016.[34][35] Cost estimates range from $100,000 in 2013[36] to $270,000 in 2015, depending on circumstances.[37] Tesla estimates that stations last 12 years.[38] Most charging occurs at home or work like charging cell phones as Tesla suggests.[39] As of 2014, less than 10% of charging came from superchargers.[40]

The number of Supercharger stations grew to 280 by the end of 2014; 584 by the end of 2015; 623 as of April 2016; and about 875 expected by the end of 2016.[3] By December 2014, two stations were solar powered.[41][22] A solar-assisted Supercharger was opened in Belgium in 2017.[42]

Most Superchargers are owned by Tesla, but some are owned by fleet operators to charge their Tesla cars, such as taxis. These chargers are limited to 60 kW.[43]

North America[edit]

Tesla Model S charging at the Supercharger network station in Newark, Delaware.
Illuminated non-round Tesla's own "charge port" on a US Model S.
Tesla Model 3 using Mobile Charger 2.0

There were eight initial Supercharger stations[44][45] around the United States, located at strategic points on the Boston-to-Washington and Los Angeles-to-San Francisco highway corridors. By mid-July 2013, 15 were open across the United States, with the number expected to nearly double by the end of the summer.[46] The stations were developed and mass constructed in cooperation with Black & Veatch.[47] Supercharging stations were available in Canada along the Highway 401 corridor between Toronto and Montreal by 2014.[48]

The initial network was built in high-traffic corridors across North America, followed by networks in Europe and Asia in the second half of 2013. The first Supercharger corridor in the US opened with free access in October 2012. This corridor included six stations placed along routes connecting San Francisco, Lake Tahoe, Los Angeles, and Las Vegas.[23][24] A second corridor was opened in December 2012 along the Northeast megalopolis, connecting Washington, DC, Baltimore, Philadelphia, New York City and Boston; it includes three stations in highway rest areas, one in Delaware and two adjacent ones in Connecticut.[25] At some stations, the electricity is paid by a local business to attract customers.[49]

The electricity used by the Supercharger (277V L-N of a 480Y/277V 3-phase configuration) in the West Coast corridor comes partly from a solar carport system[clarification needed] provided by SolarCity.[citation needed] Eventually, all Supercharger stations are to be supplied by solar power. According to Musk, "...we expect all of the United States to be covered by the end of next year [2013]". He also said that Tesla owners' use of the network would be free forever.[50]

As of August 2017 North Dakota, Alaska, and Hawaii are the few remaining states without Superchargers. Supercharging stations are planned to be opened later in 2017 in North Dakota and Hawaii,[51] but there are no current plans to add one in Alaska.[52] In September 2017, Tesla started adopting a new strategy of installing Superchargers in the centers of major cities such as Boston and Chicago, in anticipation of Tesla Model 3 mass-production.[53]

Europe[edit]

Type 2 compatible inlet implementing a three-phase AC charging and DC Supercharging on European Tesla Model S and Model X.

In early 2015, the first European supercharger to be upgraded with a 'solar canopy' (a carport with solar cells on the roof) in Køge, Denmark.[citation needed] According to the person responsible for Tesla's superchargers in the Nordic countries, Christian Marcus, the 12-stall supercharger in Køge has 300 m2 solar cells with a projected annual production of about 40 MWh and is or will be equipped with its own battery bank for temporary storage of excess production. Unlike other European Supercharger stations, Tesla has bought the land on which the Køge supercharger stands.[54] On April 26, 2016, Kostomłoty became the first charger to open in Poland.[55] There are a few privately operated Supercharger stations such as the one opened on April 27, 2016, in Zarechye, Russia, with 3 stalls and also one in Jordan.[56]

By 2016, the European supercharger network is planned to allow a Model S to drive from the North Cape in Norway to Istanbul or Lisbon.[54] As of August 2017, the supercharger closest to Istanbul is the one in Dugopolje (Croatia), and the ones nearest to Lisbon are Madrid and Cullar.[51] The map of current and planned sites includes every European country except Iceland and represents all of the countries in the world in the top 10 of electric vehicle adoption rates (excepting again, Iceland at #2).[51]

Asia-Pacific[edit]

As of June 2015, Hong Kong has the highest density of Tesla superchargers in the world, with eight stations with a total of 54 supercharger stalls, allowing most Model S owners to have a supercharger within 20 minutes' drive.[57] Other Superchargers can also be found in Australia, the People's Republic of China, Japan, Macau, New Zealand, South Korea, and Taiwan.[3]

Tesla also plans to deploy a nationwide network of Superchargers in India.[58][59]

Controversy[edit]

In 2016, Advertising Standards Authority (United Kingdom) ruled that Tesla Superchargers are the highest power chargers available in the UK, turning down a complaint by Ecotricity. Although the Superchargers are technically capable of 145 kW, Tesla cars restrict the power to 120 kW. The Chinese GB/T standard has a maximum of 180 kW, but no cars can receive that.[18][11]

Battery-swap proposal[edit]

A "Tesla station" was a planned second version of the supercharger[60] that, as of 2013, was announced would be provided by Tesla to support owners of Tesla automobiles with extremely-fast battery pack swaps as well fast-recharge charging station services for the Tesla Model S and Model X electric vehicle battery packs.[61][62] In the event, the company's plans changed and battery swapping is no longer a significant part of Tesla's charging infrastructure plans.

By December 2014, 18 months after the announcement, no battery swapping stations had yet opened to the public.[41] That same month, the company announced a revision to their much-delayed[41][63] plans. A single battery-swap station would be opened in California as a pilot project, where only invited Model S owners could do battery swaps by appointment, to assess technical and economic aspects of the service. Demand for the priced service—which was expected to take three minutes (instead of the 90-second time demonstrated in 2013)—would be used to determine whether the company would fully commercialize battery swapping stations more generally.[64] The original plan in the June 2013 company announcement explicitly indicated that the company would eventually upgrade all existing Tesla Supercharger stations to become Tesla stations, which would offer the battery-pack swap for the Model S in addition to the fast recharge capability that each facility initially opened with.[62] By June 2015, the company had indicated that battery swapping capabilities was no longer a significant part of Tesla's plans for on-road energy replacement for their vehicles.[65]

History[edit]

In June 2013, Tesla announced the goal to deploy a battery swapping station in each of its existing supercharging stations, now to be renamed Tesla stations.[60] At an event at Tesla's design studio in Los Angeles, CEO Elon Musk demonstrated a battery swap operation with the Tesla Model S, which took just over 90 seconds each for the two cars participating in the demo. The swapping operation took less than half the time needed to refill a gasoline-powered car used for comparison purposes during the event.[66][67] The Tesla Model S was designed from the beginning to support fast battery swapping,[60][68] with Tesla publicly discussing the capability as early as March 2009.[69]

By December 2014, no battery-swapping stations had been opened to the public.[41] On 19 December, Tesla announced revised plans. They would now build only a single battery-swapping station, and institute a "Battery Swap Pilot Program" at that selected station in Harris Ranch, California in order to "assess demand." Only invited Model S owners would be able to participate in the pilot battery swaps. The company stated they would "evaluate relative demand from customers ... to assess whether it merits the engineering resources and investment necessary" for the upgrade of additional first-generation Supercharger stations.[64]

In June 2015, Tesla announced that of 200 invitations sent out to try the pilot pack swap station, only approximately five tried it. Tesla then invited all California Model S owners to try it out, but expected a low usage rate.[65] A survey showed that most users were not interested.[70]

Deployment[edit]

Tesla Supercharger stations are also available at highway rest areas. These are placed at a rest area at the Bundesautobahn 9 in Germany at the Münchberg / Nord Autohof exit.

The first Tesla Station with battery-swapping capability was planned to be piloted in California late in 2013,[71] but this was subsequently delayed. Elon Musk said at an event in February 2014 that a few battery swap stations will open in the next few months along the route between Los Angeles and San Francisco, and that the initial stations will be studied before deciding to build any more.[72] In mid-2013 each swapping station was projected to cost US$500,000 and have approximately 50 batteries available without requiring reservations.[66]

Elon Musk said the battery swapping service would be offered for the price of about 15 US gallons (57 l; 12 imp gal) of gasoline at the current local rate, around US$60 to US$80 at June 2013 prices. Owners may pick up their own battery pack fully charged on the return trip for no extra payment. Tesla will also offer the option to keep the pack received on the swap and pay the price difference if the battery received is newer; or to receive the original pack back from Tesla for a transport fee. The billing will be handled via customer credit card on file with Tesla. Pricing had not been determined as of June 2013.[66]

Regulatory issues[edit]

The California Air Resources Board staff considered modifying the Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) regulation to exclude battery swapping as a "fast refueling" technology; this change would deny Tesla some of the ZEV credits that the manufacturer might otherwise receive when the battery-swapping station is placed in service in California.[67] After criticism from several motoring manufacturers, this proposal was withdrawn.[73]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Sparks, Daniel. "Tesla Inc.'s Supercharger Network Is About to Get a Massive Boost -- The Motley Fool". The Motley Fool. Retrieved 2017-09-12. 
  2. ^ Loveday, Eric (2016-07-10). "Tesla Ups Supercharger Charging Rate For Refreshed Model S 90D & P90D". Inside EVs. Retrieved 2016-09-30. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "Superchargers". Tesla Motors. Retrieved 2017-08-26. 
  4. ^ "Tesla Motors". Tesla Motors. Retrieved 2016-03-03. 
  5. ^ Lambert, Fred (2017-01-01). "Tesla is extending unlimited Supercharging for cars ordered in the next 2 weeks". Electrek. Retrieved 2017-01-01. 
  6. ^ Liptak, Andrew (2017-05-21). "New Tesla owners can now get free charging with a referral code". The Verge. Retrieved 2017-06-02. 
  7. ^ "Supercharging". www.tesla.com. Retrieved 2017-09-14. 
  8. ^ "An Update to Our Supercharging Program". Tesla Motors. 2016-11-07. Retrieved 2016-11-07. 
  9. ^ "Improving Supercharger Availability". www.tesla.com. Retrieved 2016-12-28. 
  10. ^ Ohnsman, Alan. "Tesla Is Doubling Its Global Charging Network Ahead Of Model 3 Rollout". 
  11. ^ a b c Lambert, Fred (20 July 2016). "Tesla quietly upgraded its Superchargers for faster charging, now capable of 145 kW". 
  12. ^ "Tesla Supercharger inside". Electrek. 2016-10-03. 
  13. ^ "Tesla Charger 40 A Module". IHS Technology. 2015-02-06. 
  14. ^ "Tesla Charger 40 A Module inside". IHS Technology. 2015-02-06. 
  15. ^ "Tesla Generation 2 Charger 48 A Module". TeslaMotorsClub. 2015-07-01. 
  16. ^ "Tesla Generation 2 Charger 48 A Module (3x16A Sub-Chargers) inside". diyelectriccar.com. 2016-07-01. 
  17. ^ "Supercharging". Teslapedia. 2015-04-03. 
  18. ^ a b "ASA Ruling on Tesla Motors Ltd". www.asa.org.uk. Archived from the original on 2017-02-04. 
  19. ^ Gold, Aaron (2016-05-26). "As Tesla Sales Grow, Can Superchargers Keep Up?". Consumer Reports. Retrieved 2017-03-06. each Supercharger port supplies two outlets, and when both outlets are in use the charging slows down. 
  20. ^ "Elon Musk on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved 2016-12-28. 
  21. ^ Lambert, Fred (2016-12-26). "Tesla’s upcoming ‘Supercharger V3’ is the last piece of the EV adoption puzzle – and means more ZEV credits". Electrek. Retrieved 2017-03-06. 
  22. ^ a b "Tesla Motors Launches Revolutionary Supercharger Enabling Convenient Long Distance Driving - Press Releases". Tesla Motors. 2012-09-24. Archived from the original on 2012-09-27. Retrieved 2017-08-03. 
  23. ^ a b Tesla Press Release (2012-09-25). "Tesla launches first six Supercharger locations; 100 kW charging, with 120 kW in future". Green Car Congress. Retrieved 2012-12-23. 
  24. ^ a b Cobb, Jeff (2012-10-12). "First Tesla Superchargers Open October 19". HybridCars.com. Retrieved 2012-12-23. 
  25. ^ a b Motavalli, Jim (2012-12-21). "Tesla Begins East Coast Fast-Charging Corridor". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-12-23. 
  26. ^ Tesla resurrects free unlimited Supercharging on Model S and Model X Retrieved May 24, 2017.
  27. ^ "REVIEW: Type 2 Charging Cable with Built-in Chargeport Opener". TESLARATI. 2015-06-05. Retrieved 2017-03-21. 
  28. ^ "Charging infrastructure". DIN e. V. Retrieved 2017-03-21. 
  29. ^ Lambert, Fred (Jun 19, 2017). "Tesla is ‘actively talking to other automakers’ about opening up its Supercharger network, says CTO JB Straubel". Electrek. Retrieved 2017-10-13. 
  30. ^ Hruska, Joel (June 11, 2014). "Tesla reveals plan to share Supercharger network with other electric car makers". Extremetech. Retrieved 2017-10-13. 
  31. ^ "Superchargers". supercharge.info. 2016-04-06. Archived from the original on 2016-10-05. Retrieved 2015-07-06. 
  32. ^ Golson, Jordan (2017-04-24). "Tesla is making a big expansion to its Supercharger network". The Verge. Retrieved 2017-06-02. 
  33. ^ Pachal, Pete (2016-04-01). "Tesla plans massive expansion of supercharger network". Mashable. Archived from the original on 2016-04-06. Retrieved 2016-06-06. 
  34. ^ Lambert, Fred (2016-08-17). "Tesla now has 34 vehicles in its fleet for each Supercharger – A look at the network’s growth ahead of the Model 3". Electrek. Retrieved 2016-08-17. 
  35. ^ "Tesla Supercharger Stats". Tesla Motors Club. Retrieved 2016-11-15. 
  36. ^ Etherington, Darrell (2013-07-26). "Inside Tesla’s Supercharger Partner Program: The Costs And Commitments Of Electrifying Road Transport". TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved 2017-03-06. The cost for Tesla is between $100,000 and $175,000 depending on the station 
  37. ^ Keeney, Tasha (2016-07-11). "Supercharger: It Could Cost Half the Price of Gas". ARK Investment Management. Retrieved 2017-03-06. E-mail correspondence with Jeff Evanson from Tesla in May of 2015 
  38. ^ "Letter to the SEC, File No. 001-34756". Tesla. 2014-02-26. Retrieved 2017-03-06. 
  39. ^ "Home charging installation". Tesla. Archived from the original on 2017-01-14. Retrieved 2017-03-06. 
  40. ^ Kane, Mark (2014-08-12). "Share of Supercharged Miles For Tesla Model S Increased From 5% to 8%". Retrieved 2017-03-06. 
  41. ^ a b c d Lavrinc, Damon (2014-12-17). "What Will Tesla And Elon Musk Over Promise Next?". Jalopnik. Retrieved 2014-12-18. 
  42. ^ "Tesla opens first solar supercharger in Belgium". 2017-06-11. Retrieved 2017-08-03. 
  43. ^ Lambert, Fred (2016-10-03). "Tesla to deliver its largest privately-owned Supercharger station to a taxi fleet in Montreal". Electrek. US. Retrieved 2016-10-18. 
  44. ^ "Tesla Superstation locations". Tesla Motors. Archived from the original on 2012-11-24. Retrieved 2013-06-23. 
  45. ^ Witt, Daniel. "Tesla Motors Presentation - Supercharger Expansion" page 13. Tesla, 2015.
  46. ^ "Tesla Superstation locations". Tesla Motors. Archived from the original on 2013-07-08. Retrieved 2017-08-29. 
  47. ^ "Tesla Supercharger – Electric Vehicle Charging System". Black & Veatch. Archived from the original on 2016-12-25. Retrieved 2017-03-06. 
  48. ^ Sorensen, Chris (2013-07-24). "A morning with Tesla’s Model S". Maclean's. Retrieved 2013-07-29. 
  49. ^ Lambert, Fred (2016-11-16). "Tesla is increasingly able to make businesses pay for the electricity delivered by its Superchargers". Electrek. Retrieved 2016-11-16. 
  50. ^ Motavalli, Jim (2012-11-13). "At Tesla's Party, Superchargers and Delivery Dates". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2012-12-04. Retrieved 2012-12-23. 
  51. ^ a b c "Find Us". Tesla Motors. Archived from the original on 2017-08-29. Retrieved 2017-08-29. 
  52. ^ "Anchorage EV charger". PlugShare. 
  53. ^ "Tesla Targets City Centers for Supercharger Network Expansion". Bloomberg.com. 2017-09-11. Retrieved 2017-09-12. 
  54. ^ a b Godske, Bjørn (2014-10-12). "Tesla gør Køge til knudepunkt for hurtigopladning" [Tesla makes Køge center for supercharging] (in Danish). Ingeniøren. Retrieved 2015-02-05. 
  55. ^ "supercharge.info". Retrieved 2016-04-28. 
  56. ^ "supercharge.info". Retrieved 2016-04-28. 
  57. ^ Zen Soo (2015-07-02). "Hong Kong now has highest density of Tesla superchargers in the world". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 2015-11-28. 
  58. ^ "Tesla Model 3 Price Announced; Elon Musk Confirms India Launch". NDTV auto. India. 2016-04-04. Retrieved 2016-05-09. 
  59. ^ Bhushan, Kul (2016-04-01). "Tesla to set up an India-wide supercharger network for Tesla Model 3 launch, Elon Musk confirms". BGR. India. Retrieved 2016-05-09. 
  60. ^ a b c Elon Musk (2013-06-21). Fast Pack Swap Event (video). Extreme Tech. Event occurs at 00:13–00:54. When you come to the Tesla Station—it shouldn't really be called a "Supercharging Station," it should just be called a "Tesla Station". ... The only decision you need to make, when you come to one of our Tesla Stations, is do you prefer faster or free? 
  61. ^ Siler, Steve (2013-06-21). "Tesla launches battery-swapping service for two-minute recharging". Yahoo Autos. Retrieved 2013-06-23. 
  62. ^ a b Green, Catherine (2013-06-21). "Tesla shows off its battery-swapping station: 90 seconds and less than $100". Silicon Valley Mercury News. Retrieved 2013-06-23. 
  63. ^ "Tesla's battery-swap stations will finally arrive in December". Engadget. 
  64. ^ a b Tesla Motors Team (2014-12-19). "Battery Swap Pilot Program". Tesla Motors. Retrieved 2014-12-20. 
  65. ^ a b "Elon Musk Says Tesla May Be Giving Up on Battery Swapping Stations". Popular Mechanics. 2015-06-10. Retrieved 2015-06-24. 
  66. ^ a b c Mark Rogowsky (2013-06-21). "Tesla 90-Second Battery Swap Tech Coming This Year". Forbes. Retrieved 2013-06-22. 
  67. ^ a b "Tesla Motors demonstrates battery swap in the Model S". Green Car Congress. 2013-06-21. Retrieved 2013-06-22. 
  68. ^ Sebastian Blanco (2009-09-27). "REPORT: Tesla Model S was designed with battery swaps in mind". Autoblog Green. Retrieved 2013-06-22. 
  69. ^ "Tesla unveils world’s first mass-produced, highway-capable EV". 
  70. ^ Zhang, Benjamin (2015-06-27). "Tesla's battery-swapping plan isn't working out". Business Insider. US. Retrieved 2016-08-08. 
  71. ^ Fehrenbacher, Katie (2013-08-07). "Record sales, upbeat Q2 earnings for electric car maker Tesla". Gigaom. Retrieved 2013-08-08. 
  72. ^ Alan Ohnsman and Mark Chediak (2014-02-28). "Tesla Motors Inc’s Elon Musk says renewable energy shift to bring ‘strife’ for utilities". Financial Post. Bloomberg News. Retrieved 2014-03-19. 
  73. ^ ""ZEV 2013 Final Statement of Reasons"" (PDF). CEPA - Air Resources Board - ZEV 2013. US. Retrieved 2014-12-26. 

External links[edit]

Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license