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Japanese Emperor Visits Flood Victims (1947)
Japanese Emperor Visits Flood Victims (1947)
Published: 2014/04/13
Channel: British Pathé
48回技術選 KATAYAMA
48回技術選 KATAYAMA
Published: 2011/05/04
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Shibusashirazu "DA DA DA" (MP3 Audio only)
Shibusashirazu "DA DA DA" (MP3 Audio only)
Published: 2009/07/18
Channel: cafeavant
Shoji Aketagawa & Kazunori Takeda - Reflections
Shoji Aketagawa & Kazunori Takeda - Reflections
Published: 2016/08/11
Channel: oidupaa vladimir oiun
AKETAGAWA SHOJI 明田川荘之: I Close My Eyes/ 斎いんば/ ヘルニアブルース; Live in Kyoto Blue Note 2015.2.12
AKETAGAWA SHOJI 明田川荘之: I Close My Eyes/ 斎いんば/ ヘルニアブルース; Live in Kyoto Blue Note 2015.2.12
Published: 2015/02/24
Channel: JAZZ1_JIJIMAYA
Emperor Hirohito addresses the people at a park in Japan. HD Stock Footage
Emperor Hirohito addresses the people at a park in Japan. HD Stock Footage
Published: 2014/06/16
Channel: CriticalPast
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月刊日本特別講演 植草一秀 P5 対米隷属政治の系譜
Published: 2010/07/07
Channel: mahorobajapan
満月の夕 妙堅寺阿吽ライブ 平安隆/なんくるないさーチャンプルーズ 2015.5.10
満月の夕 妙堅寺阿吽ライブ 平安隆/なんくるないさーチャンプルーズ 2015.5.10
Published: 2015/06/08
Channel: tetsu nankuru
【家】異文化交流…YouTuber Home Party【宴】
【家】異文化交流…YouTuber Home Party【宴】
Published: 2015/01/27
Channel: From The Earth - HIROKI KATAYAMA’s Video Blog
48th技術選 Goo
48th技術選 Goo
Published: 2011/02/14
Channel: Blue111Dolphin
Moriyama Blues (Shoji Aketagawa Trio + Masuko Nakamura + Kazutoki Umezu)
Moriyama Blues (Shoji Aketagawa Trio + Masuko Nakamura + Kazutoki Umezu)
Published: 2015/01/11
Channel: tw19751
S選手
S選手
Published: 2011/02/04
Channel: hangetsuban443a
48th技術選 SIN.wmv
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Channel: Blue111Dolphin
AI CONFINI TRA SARDEGNA E JAZZ 2005 - SHIBUZA SHIRAZU ORCHESTRA
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Channel: PuntaGiara
浅草橋紅白マロニエ祭り輪踊り20120513
浅草橋紅白マロニエ祭り輪踊り20120513
Published: 2012/05/25
Channel: tetsuya katayama
浅草橋紅白マロニエ祭り20120513
浅草橋紅白マロニエ祭り20120513
Published: 2012/05/13
Channel: tetsuya katayama
Shoji Aketagawa  / 明田川荘之
Shoji Aketagawa / 明田川荘之
Published: 2012/04/30
Channel: orionsyobou
AKETAGAWA SHOJI 明田川荘之: Live in Kyoto Blue Note 150212 Part-2
AKETAGAWA SHOJI 明田川荘之: Live in Kyoto Blue Note 150212 Part-2
Published: 2015/02/24
Channel: JAZZ1_JIJIMAYA
Outlier (Churko / Yamamoto / Iwami) @ the Foxhole
Outlier (Churko / Yamamoto / Iwami) @ the Foxhole
Published: 2012/04/16
Channel: EigenKino
Shibusashirazu "Naadam" @ Tenmaku Shibusa Kisarazu
Shibusashirazu "Naadam" @ Tenmaku Shibusa Kisarazu
Published: 2009/03/18
Channel: EigenKino
浅草橋紅白マロニエ祭り20120513
浅草橋紅白マロニエ祭り20120513
Published: 2012/05/24
Channel: tetsuya katayama
Kawashita Trio: Naadam (1/2) 川下直広トリオ
Kawashita Trio: Naadam (1/2) 川下直広トリオ
Published: 2008/03/25
Channel: senn414
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浅草橋紅白マロニエ祭り20120513
Published: 2012/05/24
Channel: tetsuya katayama
Shibusashirazu "We are a Fisherman Band" @ Tenmaku Shibusa Kisarazu
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Published: 2009/03/18
Channel: EigenKino
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Published: 2011/01/30
Channel: hangetsuban443a
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Published: 2014/03/08
Channel: From The Earth - HIROKI KATAYAMA’s Video Blog
浅草橋紅白マロニエ祭り20120513
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Published: 2012/05/25
Channel: tetsuya katayama
48回技術選 YAMA TAKU
48回技術選 YAMA TAKU
Published: 2011/05/04
Channel: kazuyuki yui
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Published: 2011/03/13
Channel: kazuyuki yui
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Published: 2013/08/28
Channel: René López Caballero
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Published: 2015/06/09
Channel: tetsu nankuru
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Published: 2013/11/30
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Published: 2009/05/22
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Published: 2011/02/07
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Published: 2011/03/25
Channel: HIdeoVideoHD
Shoji Hano / Dairo Suga / Hideki Tachibana 01 @ Inage Candy
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Published: 2008/12/20
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"Matatabi"(1/2) Naohiro Kawashita Trio
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Published: 2008/07/18
Channel: EigenKino
Matatabi
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Published: 2007/11/07
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Lovin
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Published: 2013/03/20
Channel: Akinobu Ueda
Yamaguchi Fuwa Kawashita "for one" 2/2 @ Inage Candy
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Published: 2010/04/06
Channel: EigenKino
志留波阿連 おどれ高円寺セシオン 2012
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Published: 2012/08/27
Channel: tetsuya katayama
志留波阿連 三鷹阿波踊り 20120819
志留波阿連 三鷹阿波踊り 20120819
Published: 2012/08/19
Channel: tetsuya katayama
Shunsuke Suzuki Trio @ Inage Candy
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Published: 2010/02/09
Channel: EigenKino
Motoharu Yoshizawa/吉沢元治 solo 5
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Published: 2014/09/21
Channel: takeo suetomi
鳩少女
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Published: 2013/03/25
Channel: tetsuya katayama
中村勇治(Yuji Nakamura)+須郷史人(Fumito Sugo)+落合康介(Kosuke Ochiai)
中村勇治(Yuji Nakamura)+須郷史人(Fumito Sugo)+落合康介(Kosuke Ochiai)
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kaminariren20140914
Published: 2014/09/14
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Tetsu Katayama
片山 哲
Tetsu Katayama.jpg
33rd Prime Minister of Japan
In office
24 May 1947 – 10 March 1948
Monarch Shōwa
Governor Douglas MacArthur
Preceded by Shigeru Yoshida
Succeeded by Hitoshi Ashida
Personal details
Born (1887-07-28)28 July 1887
Tanabe, Japan
Died 30 May 1978(1978-05-30) (aged 90)
Political party Democratic Socialist Party (1928–1978)
Other political
affiliations
Socialist Party (Before 1948)
Alma mater Tokyo Imperial University
Signature
Katayama's cabinet.

Tetsu Katayama (片山 哲, Katayama Tetsu, 28 July 1887 – 30 May 1978) was a Japanese politician and the 46th prime minister from 24 May 1947 to 10 March 1948. He bears the distinction of having been the first socialist to serve as prime minister of Japan.

Early life[edit]

He was born in Tanabe, Wakayama Prefecture on 28 July 1887.[1] He attended Tokyo Imperial University and received a bachelor's degree in law.[1] Raised in the Christian faith, he was strongly influenced by the Christian socialism of Abe Isoo. After graduating, he opened a law office in a rented YMCA dormitory, and worked as an attorney.[1]

Early political life[edit]

Katayama became secretary-general of the Social Democratic Party when it was established in 1926.[1] He was elected to the House of Representatives, representing Kanagawa Prefecture, in 1930.[1] Later in 1932, he joined the executive committee of the Socialist Masses Party. However, he was removed from the party, since he did not participate in the session of the House where Takao Saito was expelled from the House due to his antimilitary speech.[1] After World War II, Katayama began to serve as secretary-general of the Japan Socialist Party when it was established in November 1945.[1] Next in September 1946, he became the chairman of the party's executive committee.[1]

Prime Minister and later life[edit]

Following the 1947 elections, in which the Socialist Party came in first, Katayama formed a coalition government with the Democratic Party and the National Cooperative Party. Despite leading a short-lived administration, Katayama's time in office saw the enactment of a wide range of progressive social reforms, such as the establishment of Japan's first Labour Ministry,[2] an Unemployment Compensation Act and an Unemployment Insurance Act, and the overhaul revision of the Civil Code, whose section on the family institution was completely rewritten (to provide, for instance, the eldest son with a greater inheritance share).[3][4]

The Labour Standards Act of September 1947 introduced maternity leave for a five weekly mandatory post-natal period, and prohibited dismissal of women during maternity leave and for thirty days after the end of the leave, although not all workers were covered.[5] In addition, the law provided for equal pay for equal work.[6] The Employment Security Law of November 1947 contained authority for the government to operate a system of free public employment exchanges on a broader and more democratic basis than under the former Employment Exchange Law. It also provided for public services to the handicapped in securing employment, and outlawed labor bosses and other undemocratic forms of labor recruitment.[7] The Child Welfare Law of December 1947 extended special protection to abused, abandoned, and neglected children, guaranteed the privacy rights of children born out of wedlock, established health-care programmes for mothers and children, provided for prenatal care, outlawed the employment of minors in dangerous occupations, and abolished the practice of indentured labour. The legislation also laid the institutional foundation for a nationwide system of childcare centres, created standards for foster parentage, and made the state responsible for setting up and supervising orphanages and other juvenile institutions.[4]

The Law for the Elimination of Excessive Economic Concentration (passed in December 1947) provided for the dissolution of any company considered to be monopolistic,[8] while the "law on the expulsion of Zaibatsu-affiliated controls" of January 1948 enforced the resignation of Zaibatsu board members who were related closely to Zaibatsu families, while a measure was taken to ban on holding the concurrent board posts of their affiliated companies. In addition, a government employees law was enacted, the first group of Japanese Supreme Court justices was appointed, local government and the police were reorganised, the Ministries of Home Affairs, Navy, and War were abolished,[9] extensive revisions were made to criminal law, and progress was made on land reform.[10]

At the end of the 1950s, Katayama was also the president of the Japan's Temperance Union.[11] The influence of left-wing socialists such as Suzuki Mosaburō forced Katayama to resign early in his term. After his resignation, Katayama became a member of the Democratic Socialist Party and advocated the maintenance of the pacifist constitution, election reform, and formation of a global commonwealth. In 1963, Katayama left politics after he lost his seat in the general elections.[1]

Honours[edit]

From the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia

  • Grand Cordon of the Order of the Rising Sun (1964)
  • Grand Cordon of the Order of the Rising Sun with Paulownia Flowers (1978; posthumous)
Political offices
Preceded by
Shigeru Yoshida
Prime Minister of Japan
1947–1948
Succeeded by
Hitoshi Ashida
Preceded by
Tokutaro Kimura
Minister of Justice
Interim

1947
Succeeded by
Yoshio Suzuki
Preceded by
Mitsujiro Ishii
Minister of Commerce and Industry
1947
Succeeded by
Chōzaburō Mizutani
Preceded by
Sadayoshi Hitomatsu
Minister of Communications
1947
Succeeded by
Takeo Miki
Preceded by
Tanzan Ishibashi
Minister of Finance
Interim

1947
Succeeded by
Shōtaro Yano

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Historical Figures". National Diet Library. Retrieved 13 January 2013. 
  2. ^ Studies on Japan’s social democratic parties, Volume 2 by George Oakley Totten
  3. ^ Odaka, Konosuke (2002). "The Evolution of Social Policy in Japan" (PDF). World Bank. Retrieved 13 January 2013. 
  4. ^ a b Mackie, Vera (2003-02-26). Feminism in Modern Japan: Citizenship, Embodiment and Sexuality. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521527194. 
  5. ^ http://www.oecd.org/els/family/PF2.5%20Trends%20in%20leave%20entitlements%20around%20childbirth%20since%201970%20-%2010%20oct%202012%20-%20FINAL%20-%20Annex.pdf
  6. ^ Beauchamp, Edward R. (1998-01-01). Women and Women's Issues in Post World War II Japan. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 9780815327318. 
  7. ^ https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=uhLlbioRXrwC&pg=PA16&dq=Japan+Employment+Security+Law++november+1947&hl=en&sa=X&ei=icgXUd_1IcKx0AWAjIHwCg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=Japan%20Employment%20Security%20Law%20%20november%201947&f=false
  8. ^ The economic emergence of modern Japan, Volume 1 by Kōzō Yamamura
  9. ^ Socialist Parties in Postwar Japan, by Allan B. Cole, George O. Totten And Cecil H. Uyehara, with a Contributed Chapter by Ronald P. Dore
  10. ^ Stockwin, Prof J. A. A.; Stockwin, J. A. A. (2003-12-16). Dictionary of the Modern Politics of Japan. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 9780203402177. 
  11. ^ "Soviet leader may give up vodka toping". St. Petersburg Times. 26 October 1957. Retrieved 13 January 2013. 

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