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|Number of teams||18|
|Level on pyramid||1|
|Relegation to||Thai League 2|
|Domestic cup(s)||Thai FA Cup
|League cup(s)||Thai League Cup|
|International cup(s)||AFC Champions League
Mekong Club Championship
|Current champions||Buriram United (6th title)
|Most championships||Buriram United (6 titles)|
|2018 Thai League 1|
The Thai League 1 (Thai: ไทยลีก 1), commonly known as the T1, is a Thai professional league for Football Association of Thailand clubs. At the top of the Thai football league system, it is the country's premier football competition. Contested by 18 clubs, it operates on a system of promotion and relegation with Thai League 2. The Thai League is a corporation in which the 18 member clubs act as shareholders. Seasons run from February to October, with teams playing 34 games each with a total of 306 games in the season. It is sponsored by Toyota and therefore officially known as the Toyota Thai League. In the Thai League, most of the games are played during Saturdays and Sundays, with a few games played on Wednesdays and Fridays.
Thai League was introduced in 1996 by the Football Association of Thailand (FAT) under the name Thailand Soccer League. Eighteen clubs who earlier competed for the Kor Royal Cup were registered to play in the first edition of a double round-robin league system. Thai Farmers Bank was crowned as the first champion of the 1996–97 Thailand Soccer League.
The Thai League originally had 10 to 12 clubs each season until 2007, when it was expanded to 16 clubs. At the end of each season, the three bottom placed clubs are relegated to the Thai Division 1 League.
Most of Thai League clubs in that time were the organisation of government authorities club that based in Greater Bangkok and Metropolitan. Meanwhile, the other local clubs had competed in the semi-pro league called the Provincial League. Thai Premier League faced the issue of low attendance and lack of local loyalties while the Provincial league suffered the financial issue. In 2007, Thai League was integrated with Provincial League completely. Chonburi from the Provincial League was the first champion of the new Thailand Premier League in 2007 season.
In 2009 season, there were significant changes in the lead to the new era of the Thai Premier League. Asian Football Confederation declared the regulations for the associations that have the intention to send the clubs to compete in AFC Champions League starting from 2011. Football Association of Thailand had to establish Thai Premier League co.ltd and forced the clubs in the top league to complete AFC Club License Criteria otherwise Thai clubs will not eligible to play in the Champions League. Clubs were forced to separate themselves from the parent organisations and registered as the independent football authorities.
The massive changes occurred in that season. Thailand Premier League renamed to Thai Premier League. Two times league champion Krung Thai Bank failed to complete the new regulations. The organisation decided to sell the club. The club was acquired by Boon Rawd and rebranded to be Bangkok Glass. Bangkok University had expelled their football club section. The club rebrand itself to Bangkok United since then. The organisation-based clubs had to relocate to find the local supporters to backup the clubs. Osotspa changed their home stadium to Saraburi Province, TOT moved to play in Kanchanaburi, Royal Navy played in Rayong Province while Thailand Tobacco Monopoly integrated to Samut Sakhon Province and rebranded to TTM Samut Sakhon.
Thailand Clasico or The Classic Match of Thailand is the matchup between Muangthong United and Chonburi. It is the matchup that presents Thai football in the modern era. The name was given to the encounter of two teams due to the hype and massive atmosphere around the match. The first encounter between them happened in the 2009 Thai Premier League season. On 30 May 2009, Chonburi that was regarded as the best club in Thailand at that moment hosted the new powerhouse who were just promoted from Division 1 Muangthong United. The match was played at Nong Prue Stadium, Pattaya. Before the match, Chonburi was the leader in the table after 10 matches of the season while Muangthong followed in second with one less point. Chonburi made the lead by 2–0 in the first thirty minutes but Muangthong bounced back to win by the 5–2 result at the end. The match was full of the exciting and dramatic moments. Then, it was considered as one of the most classic matches in Thai League history. The Muangthong versus Chonburi matchup was dubbed as "Thailand Clasico" ever since then.
In 2012 season, Muangthong United under Serbian head coach Slaviša Jokanović, had become the first club in the league history that completed the season with an unbeaten record. Muangthong finished at the top of the final standing with 25 wins and 9 draws.
The Buriram Dominance refers to the 2013 to 2015 season, which Buriram United won Thai Premier League in three consecutive seasons as the first club in the league history. The three titles in that period included two invincible titles which Buriram United completed Thai Premier League campaign unbeaten in 2013 and 2015 season.
In 2017, Football Association of Thailand decided to rebranded Thai Premier League into Thai League 1. Since its inception in 1996 brand image of Thai League is always attached to the sponsor but this re-branding is built a identity for the Thai League to be clearly and become international professional football league with the modernise of competition management and design new appearance of the league such as logo that also flexible to use on a variety of media, trophy, fonts to become more modern styled. This rebranding earned the Good Design Award in the Brand Identity branch from the Japan Institute of Design Promotion.
|1||1996–97||Bangkok Bank||Stock Exchange of Thailand|
|2||1997||Royal Thai Air Force||Sinthana|
|3||1998||Sinthana||Royal Thai Air Force|
|4||1999||Royal Thai Air Force||Port Authority|
|5||2000||BEC Tero Sasana||Royal Thai Air Force|
|6||2001–02||BEC Tero Sasana||Osotspa M-150 Samut Prakan|
|7||2002–03||Krung Thai Bank||BEC Tero Sasana|
|8||2003–04||Krung Thai Bank||BEC Tero Sasana|
|9||2004–05||Thailand Tobacco Monopoly||PEA|
|10||2006||Bangkok University||Osotspa M-150 Samut Prakan|
|11||2007||Chonburi||Krung Thai Bank|
|14||2010||Muangthong United||Buriram PEA|
|16||2012||SCG Muangthong United||Chonburi|
|17||2013||Buriram United||SCG Muangthong United|
|19||2015||Buriram United||SCG Muangthong United|
|20||2016||SCG Muangthong United||Bangkok United|
|21||2017||Buriram United||SCG Muangthong United|
||2008, 2011, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2017|
|2||SCG Muangthong United||
||2009, 2010, 2012, 2016|
|3||Air Force Central||
|Police Tero||2000, 2001–02|
|Krung Thai Bank||2002–03, 2003–04|
|True Bangkok United||2006|
|Air Force Central||Pathum Thani||Thupatemee Stadium||20,000|
|Bangkok Glass||Pathum Thani||Leo Stadium||16,014|
|Bangkok United||Pathum Thani||Thammasat Stadium||25,000|
|Buriram United||Buriram||Chang Arena||32,600|
|Chainat Hornbill||Chai Nat||Khao Plong Stadium||12,000|
|Chiangrai United||Chiang Rai||Singha Stadium||11,354|
|Muangthong United||Nonthaburi||SCG Stadium||15,000|
|Nakhon Ratchasima||Nakhon Ratchasima||80th Birthday Stadium||24,641|
|Navy||Chonburi||Sattahip Navy Stadium||6,000|
|Pattaya United||Chonburi||Nong Prue Stadium||5,500|
|Police Tero||Bangkok||Boonyachinda Stadium||3,550|
|PT Prachuap||Prachuap Khiri Khan||Sam Ao Stadium||5,000|
|Ratchaburi Mitr Phol||Ratchaburi||Mitr Phol Stadium||10,000|
|Sukhothai||Sukhothai||Thalay Luang Stadium||8,000|
|Suphanburi||Suphan Buri||Suphan Buri Provincial Stadium||25,000|
|Ubon UMT United||Ubon Ratchathani||UMT Stadium||6,000|
|Air Force Central||Bangkok Glass||Bangkok United||Buriram United||Chainat Hornbill||Chiangrai United|
|Thupatemi Stadium||Leo Stadium||Thammasat Stadium||Chang Arena||Khao Plong Stadium||Singha Stadium|
|Capacity: 25,000||Capacity: 16,014||Capacity: 25,000||Capacity: 32,600||Capacity: 12,000||Capacity: 11,354|
|Chonburi||Muangthong United||Nakhon Ratchasima||Navy||Pattaya United||Port|
|Chonburi Stadium||SCG Stadium||80th Birthday Stadium||Sattahip Navy Stadium||Nong Prue Stadium||PAT Stadium|
|Capacity: 8,680||Capacity: 15,000||Capacity: 24,641||Capacity: 6,000||Capacity: 6,000||Capacity: 12,000|
|Police Tero||PT Prachuap||Ratchaburi Mitr Phol||Sukhothai||Suphanburi||Ubon UMT United|
|Boonyachinda Stadium||Sam Ao Stadium||Mitr Phol Stadium||Thalay Luang Stadium||Suphan Buri Provincial Stadium||UMT Stadium|
|Capacity: 3,550||Capacity: 2,700||Capacity: 10,000||Capacity: 8,000||Capacity: 25,000||Capacity: 6,000|
|1||Cleiton Silva||2010–2014, 2015–2017, 2018–||119||179|
|2||Teerasil Dangda||2009–2014, 2015–2017||111||247|
|4||Sarayuth Chaikamdee||2001–2004, 2007–2012, 2013–2014||101||233|
|Mohamed Koné||2003–2007, 2009, 2010–2014||87||177|
|10||Teeratep Winothai||2006–2008, 2009–2014, 2016–||67||240|
Figures for active players (in bold).
Figures for active players (in bold) .
|2017||Dragan Bošković||Bangkok United||38|
|2016||Cleiton Silva||Muangthong United||27|
|2014||Heberty||Ratchaburi Mitr Phol||26|
|2013||Carmelo González||Buriram United||23|
BEC Tero Sasana
|2011||Franck Ohandza||Buriram PEA||19|
|2010||Ludovick Takam||Pattaya United||17|
|2009||Anon Sangsanoi||BEC Tero Sasana||18|
|2008||Anon Sangsanoi||BEC Tero Sasana||20|
|2007||Ney Fabiano||Thailand Tobacco Monopoly||18|
|2006||Pipat Thonkanya||BEC Tero Sasana||12|
|Provincial Electricity Authority
Port Authority of Thailand
|2002–03||Sarayoot Chaikamdee||Port Authority of Thailand||12|
|BEC Tero Sasana
Port Authority of Thailand
|2000||Sutee Suksomkit||Thai Farmer Bank||16|
|1999||Sutee Suksomkit||Thai Farmer Bank||13|
|1998||Ronnachai Sayomchai||Port Authority of Thailand||23|
|1997||Worrawoot Srimaka||BEC Tero Sasana||17|
|2017||Totchtawan Sripan||Muangthong United|
|2015||Alexandre Gama||Buriram United|
|2013||Attaphol Buspakom||Bangkok Glass|
|2012||Slaviša Jokanović||Muangthong United|
|2011||Chalermwoot Sa-ngapol||Pattaya United|
|2010||René Desaeyere||Muangthong United|
|2009||Attaphol Buspakom||Muangthong United|
|2008||Prapol Pongpanich||Provincial Electricity Authority|
|2006||Somchai Subpherm||Bangkok University|
|2004–05||Jose Alves Borges||Thailand Tobacco Monopoly|
|2003–04||Worrawoot Dangsamer||Krung Thai Bank|
|2002–03||Narong Suwannachot||Krung Thai Bank|
|2001–02||Attaphol Buspakom||BEC Tero Sasana|
|2000||Pichai Pituwong||BEC Tero Sasana|
|1999||Piyapong Piew-on||Royal Thai Air Force|
|1997||Piyapong Pue-on||Royal Thai Air Force|
|1996–97||Withaya Laohakul||Bangkok Bank|
|2017||Jakkaphan Kaewprom||Buriram United|
|2015||Diogo Luís Santo||Buriram United|
|2014||Suchao Nuchnum||Buriram United|
|2013||Theerathon Bunmathan||Buriram United|
|2012||Teerasil Dangda||SCG Muangthong United|
|2010||Datsakorn Thonglao||Muangthong United|
|2009||Jetsada Jitsawad (Defender)
Kittipol Paphunga (Midfielder)
Pipat Thonkanya (Striker)
BEC Tero Sasana
|2008||Narongchai Vachiraban||Provincial Electricity Authority|
|2006||Punnarat Klinsukon||Bangkok University|
|2004–05||José Carlos da Silva||Thailand Tobacco Monopoly|
|2003–04||Pichitphong Choeichiu||Krung Thai Bank|
|2002–03||Cumpee Pintrakul||Bangkok Bank|
|2001–02||Apichad Thaveechalermdit||Bangkok Bank|
|2000||Anurak Srikerd||BEC Tero Sasana|
There are 18 clubs in the Thai League. During the course of a season, which lasts from February to October, each club plays the others twice, once at their home stadium and once at that of their opponents, for a total of 34 games. Teams receive three points for a win and one point for a draw. No points are awarded for a loss. Teams are ranked by total points, then head-to-head, then goal difference, and then goals scored. At the end of each season, the club with the most points is crowned champion. If points are equal, the head-to-head, the goal difference and then goals scored determine the winner. If still equal, teams are deemed to occupy the same position. If there is a tie for the championship, for relegation, or for qualification to other competitions, a play-off match at a neutral venue decides rank. The three lowest placed teams are relegated into the Thai League 2 and the top three teams from the Thai League 2 are promoted in their place.
In the past the champions will play in AFC Champions League playoffs and AFC Cup for the champions of Thai FA Cup. Due to reforms from the AFC for the AFC Champions League and AFC Cup format, there will be no more a direct qualification spot for the AFC Champions League for that Thai Champion, for the time being. From 2012 Thai clubs has 1 automatic spot to the group stage and 1 playoff spot for the Thai FA Cup Winners and 1 playoff spot for the thai league runner-up.
The Thai League has been sponsored since 1996 until 2003 and has been sponsored again since 2010. The sponsor has been able to determine the league's sponsorship name. The list below details who the sponsors have been and what they called the competition:
The 2016–2020 season uses the Grand Sport.
Like the reserve league, the youth league is open to all the youth teams of all professional clubs in Thailand.
|17||1508||SCG Muangthong United|
|47||1414||True Bangkok United|
|88||1351||Singha Chiangrai United|
|89||1350||Ratchaburi Mitr Phol|
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