The National Football League (NFL) on Thanksgiving Day is a traditional series of games played during the Thanksgiving holiday in the United States. It has been a regular occurrence since the league's inception in 1920. Currently, three NFL games are played every Thanksgiving. The first two are hosted by the Detroit Lions and the Dallas Cowboys; a third game, with no fixed opponents, has been played annually since 2006.
The concept of American football games being played on Thanksgiving Day dates back to 1876, shortly after the game had been invented, as it was a day that most people had off from work. In that year, the college football teams at Yale and Princeton began an annual tradition of playing each other on Thanksgiving Day. The University of Michigan also made it a tradition to play annual Thanksgiving games, holding 19 such games from 1885 to 1905. The Thanksgiving Day games between Michigan and the Chicago Maroons in the 1890s have been cited as "The Beginning of Thanksgiving Day Football." In some areas, high-school teams play on Thanksgiving, usually to wrap-up the regular-season.
By the time football had become a professional event, playing on Thanksgiving had already become an institution. Records of pro football being played on Thanksgiving date back to as early as the 1890s, with the first pro–am team, the Allegheny Athletic Association of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. In 1902, the "National" Football League, a Major League Baseball-backed organization based entirely in Pennsylvania and unrelated to the current NFL, attempted to settle its championship over Thanksgiving weekend; after the game ended in a tie, eventually all three teams in the league claimed to have won the title. Members of the Ohio League, during its early years, usually placed their marquee matchups on Thanksgiving Day. For instance, in 1905 and 1906 the Latrobe Athletic Association and Canton Bulldogs, considered at the time to be two of the best teams in professional football (along with the Massillon Tigers), played on Thanksgiving. A rigging scandal with the Tigers leading up to the 1906 game led to severe drops in attendance for the Bulldogs and ultimately led to their suspension of operations. During the 1910s, the Ohio League stopped holding Thanksgiving games because many of its players coached high school teams and were unavailable. This was not the case in other regional circuits: in 1919, the New York Pro Football League featured a Thanksgiving matchup between the Buffalo Prospects and the Rochester Jeffersons. The game ended in a scoreless tie, leading to a rematch the next Sunday for the league championship.
Several other NFL teams played regularly on Thanksgiving in the first eighteen years of the league, including the Chicago Bears and Chicago Cardinals (1922–33; the Bears played the Lions from 1934 to 1938 while the Cardinals switched to the Green Bay Packers for 1934 and 1935), Frankford Yellow Jackets, Pottsville Maroons, Buffalo All-Americans, Canton Bulldogs (even after the team moved to Cleveland they played the 1924 Thanksgiving game in Canton), and the New York Giants (1929–38, who always played a crosstown rival). The first owner of the Lions, George A. Richards, started the tradition of the Thanksgiving Day game as a gimmick to get people to go to Lions football games, and to continue a tradition begun by the city's previous NFL teams. What differentiated the Lions' efforts from other teams that played on the holiday was that Richards owned radio station WJR, a major affiliate of the NBC Blue Network; he was able to negotiate an agreement with NBC to carry his Thanksgiving games live across the network.
During the Franksgiving controversy in 1939 and 1940, the only two teams to play the game were the Pittsburgh Steelers and Philadelphia Eagles, as both teams were in the same state (Pennsylvania). (At the time, then-president Franklin Roosevelt wanted to move the holiday for economic reasons and many states were resistant to the move; half the states recognized the move and the other half did not. This complicated scheduling for Thanksgiving games. Incidentally, the two teams were also exploring the possibility of a merger at the time.) Because of the looming World War II and the resulting shorter seasons, the NFL did not schedule any Thanksgiving games in 1941, nor did it schedule any in the subsequent years until the war ended in 1945. When the Thanksgiving games resumed in 1945, only the Lions' annual home game would remain on the Thanksgiving holiday. In 1951, the Packers began a thirteen-season run as the perpetual opponent to the Lions each year through 1963.
The All-America Football Conference and American Football League, both of which would later be absorbed into the NFL, also held Thanksgiving contests, although neither of those leagues had permanent hosts. Likewise, the AFL of 1926 also played two Thanksgiving games in its lone season of existence, while the AFL of 1936 hosted one in its first season, which featured the Cleveland Rams, a future NFL team, and the 1940–41 incarnation of the American Football League played two games in 1940 on the earlier "Franksgiving" date.
In 1966, the Dallas Cowboys, who had been founded six years earlier, adopted the practice of hosting Thanksgiving games. It is widely rumored that the Cowboys sought a guarantee that they would regularly host Thanksgiving games as a condition of their very first one (since games on days other than Sunday were uncommon at the time and thus high attendance was not a certainty). This is only partly true; Dallas had in fact decided to host games on Thanksgiving by their own decision because there was nothing else to do or watch on that day. In 1975 and 1977, at the behest of then-Commissioner Pete Rozelle, the St. Louis Cardinals replaced Dallas as a host team (Dallas then hosted St. Louis in 1976). Although the Cardinals, at the time known as the "Cardiac Cards" due to their propensity for winning very close games, were a modest success at the time, they were nowhere near as popular nationwide as the Cowboys, who were regular Super Bowl contenders during this era. This, combined with St. Louis's consistently weak attendance, a series of ugly Cardinals losses in the three-game stretch, and opposition from the Kirkwood–Webster Groves Turkey Day Game (a local high school football contest) led to Dallas resuming regular hosting duties in 1978; it was then, after Rozelle asked Dallas to resume hosting Thanksgiving games, that the Cowboys requested (and received) an agreement guaranteeing the Cowboys a spot on Thanksgiving Day forever.
Notwithstanding the aforementioned St. Louis-hosted games in 1975 and 1977, the two "traditional" Thanksgiving Day pro football games since the 1970 AFL–NFL merger have then been in Detroit and Dallas. Because of TV network commitments in place through the 2013 season, to make sure that both the AFC-carrying network (NBC from the 1970 merger to 1997, and CBS since 1998) and the NFC-carrying network (CBS from the 1970 merger to 1993, and Fox since 1994) got at least one game each, one of these games was between NFC opponents, and one featured AFC-NFC opponents. Thus, the AFC could showcase only one team on Thanksgiving, and the AFC team was always the visiting team.
Since 2006, a third NFL game on Thanksgiving has been played at night. It originally aired on the NFL Network as part of its Thursday Night Football package until 2011; NBC began carrying the night game in 2012. The Thanksgiving night game has no fixed opponents or conferences, enabling the league to freely choose whatever marquee match-up to feature on that night. The 2012 changes also allowed both Dallas and Detroit in the future to offer NFC games (one would be played at night), and CBS can offer a game with two AFC teams. In 2014, the NFL added the cross-flex rule, allowing CBS to televise NFC away games, and Fox to broadcast AFC away games, under select circumstances on Sunday afternoons; however, this did not cover the Thanksgiving contests. CBS also signed a separate contract to carry Thursday Night Football from the 2014 season onward, which allowed that network to carry games from either conference on Thursdays; from that year through 2016, CBS carried all-NFC contests every year on Thanksgiving, and in 2014 and 2015, no AFC teams played in any of the Thanksgiving games.
The NFL's flexible scheduling rule currently does not apply for Thanksgiving games; however, the NFL in theory could in the future apply the rule to change start times and networks for the three games.
Since 2001 teams playing on Thanksgiving have worn throwback uniforms on numerous occasions. In some years (namely 2002), it extended to nearly all games of the weekend, and in some cases also involved classic field logos at the respective stadiums.
In 2001–2004, and again in 2008, 2010, and 2017 the Detroit Lions have worn throwback uniforms based on their very early years.
From 2001 to 2003, Dallas chose to represent the 1990s Cowboys dynasty by wearing the navy "Double-Star" jersey not seen since 1995. In 2004, the team wore uniforms not seen since 1963. In 2009, to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the AFL, both Dallas and Oakland played in a "AFL Legacy Game." In 2013, the Cowboys intended to wear their 1960s throwbacks, but chose not to do so after the NFL adopted a new policy requiring players and teams to utilize only one helmet a season to address the league's new concussion protocol; rather than sport an incomplete throwback look, the Cowboys instead wore their standard blue jerseys at home for the first time since 1963. In 2015, the Cowboys resurrected their 1994 white "Double-Star" jerseys only this time wore them with white pants as part of the league's "Color Rush", a trial run of specially-designed, monochromatic jerseys to be worn during Thursday games.
It has remained a tradition for Dallas and Detroit to host the afternoon games dating back several decades. However, in recent years, other teams have expressed interest in hosting Thanksgiving games. Lamar Hunt, the former owner of the Chiefs (who had hosted Thanksgiving games from 1967–69 as an AFL team prior to the merger), lobbied heavily in favor of his team hosting a game on the holiday. When the NFL adopted a third, prime time game, the Chiefs were selected as the first team to host such a contest, but the team was not made a permanent host, and Hunt's death shortly after the 2006 contest ended the lobbying on behalf of that team.
The host issue came to a head in 2008, focusing particularly on the winless Lions. Going into the game, Detroit had lost their last four Thanksgiving games, and opinions amongst the media had suggested removing Detroit and replacing them with a more attractive matchup. The team also required an extension to prevent a local television blackout. The Lions were routed by Tennessee 47–10, en route to the team's 0–16 season. NFL commissioner Roger Goodell confirmed that the Lions would stay on Thanksgiving for the 2009 season, but kept the issue open to revisit in the future.
Conversely, the Dallas Cowboys, who typically represent a larger television draw, have had much fewer public calls to be replaced on Thanksgiving. One issue that has been debated is a perceived unfair advantage of playing at home on Thanksgiving. The advantage is given in the form of an extra day of practice for the home team while the road team has to travel to the game site. This is true for most Thursday games, but with the night games, the visitor can travel to the game site after practice and hold the final walk-thru the following morning.
With the introduction of the prime time game, which effectively allows all teams in the league an opportunity to play on Thanksgiving, along with the introduction of year-long Thursday Night Football ensuring all teams have one Thursday game during the regular season (thus negating any on-field advantages or disadvantages to being selected for Thanksgiving), the calls for Detroit and Dallas to be removed have curtailed.
(Winning teams are denoted by boldface type; tie games are italicized.)
|Season||League||Visiting Team||Score||Home Team||Score|
|Nov. 22, 1945||NFL||Cleveland Rams||28||Detroit Lions||21|
|Nov. 28, 1946||NFL||Boston Yanks||34||Detroit Lions||10|
|AAFC||New York Yankees||21||Brooklyn Dodgers||7|
|Nov. 27, 1947||NFL||Chicago Bears||34||Detroit Lions||14|
|AAFC||Cleveland Browns||27||Los Angeles Dons||17|
|AAFC||San Francisco 49ers||21||Brooklyn Dodgers||7|
|Nov. 25, 1948||NFL||Chicago Cardinals||28||Detroit Lions||14|
|AAFC||Cleveland Browns||31||Los Angeles Dons||14|
|AAFC||Buffalo Bills||39||Chicago Rockets||35|
|Nov. 24, 1949||NFL||Chicago Bears||28||Detroit Lions||7|
|AAFC||New York Yankees||17||Los Angeles Dons||16|
|AAFC||Cleveland Browns||14||Chicago Hornets||6|
|Nov. 23, 1950||NFL||New York Yanks||14||Detroit Lions||49|
|Pittsburgh Steelers||28||Chicago Cardinals||17|
|Nov. 22, 1951||NFL||Green Bay Packers||35||Detroit Lions||52|
|Nov. 27, 1952||NFL||Green Bay Packers||24||Detroit Lions||48|
|Chicago Bears||23||Dallas Texans (at Akron, Ohio)||27|
|Nov. 26, 1953||NFL||Green Bay Packers||15||Detroit Lions||34|
|Nov. 25, 1954||NFL||Green Bay Packers||24||Detroit Lions||28|
|Nov. 24, 1955||NFL||Green Bay Packers||10||Detroit Lions||24|
|Nov. 22, 1956||NFL||Green Bay Packers||24||Detroit Lions||20|
|Nov. 28, 1957||NFL||Green Bay Packers||6||Detroit Lions||18|
|Nov. 27, 1958||NFL||Green Bay Packers||14||Detroit Lions||24|
|Nov. 26, 1959||NFL||Green Bay Packers||24||Detroit Lions||17|
|Season||League||Visiting Team||Score||Home Team||Score|
|Nov. 24, 1960||NFL||Green Bay Packers||10||Detroit Lions||23|
|AFL||Dallas Texans||35||New York Titans||41|
|Nov. 23, 1961||NFL||Green Bay Packers||17||Detroit Lions||9|
|AFL||Buffalo Bills||14||New York Titans||21|
|Nov. 22, 1962||NFL||Green Bay Packers||14||Detroit Lions||26|
|AFL||New York Titans||46||Denver Broncos||45|
|Nov. 28, 1963||NFL||Green Bay Packers||13||Detroit Lions||13|
|AFL||Oakland Raiders||26||Denver Broncos||10|
|Nov. 26, 1964||NFL||Chicago Bears||27||Detroit Lions||24|
|AFL||Buffalo Bills||27||San Diego Chargers||24|
|Nov. 25, 1965||NFL||Baltimore Colts||24||Detroit Lions||24|
|AFL||Buffalo Bills||20||San Diego Chargers||20|
|Nov. 24, 1966||NFL||San Francisco 49ers||41||Detroit Lions||14|
|Cleveland Browns||14||Dallas Cowboys||26|
|AFL||Buffalo Bills||31||Oakland Raiders||10|
|Nov. 23, 1967||NFL||Los Angeles Rams||31||Detroit Lions||7|
|St. Louis Cardinals||21||Dallas Cowboys||46|
|AFL||Oakland Raiders||44||Kansas City Chiefs||22|
|Denver Broncos||20||San Diego Chargers||24|
|Nov. 28, 1968||NFL||Philadelphia Eagles||12||Detroit Lions||0|
|Washington Redskins||20||Dallas Cowboys||29|
|AFL||Buffalo Bills||10||Oakland Raiders||13|
|Houston Oilers||10||Kansas City Chiefs||24|
|Nov. 27, 1969||NFL||Minnesota Vikings||27||Detroit Lions||0|
|San Francisco 49ers||24||Dallas Cowboys||24|
|AFL||Denver Broncos||17||Kansas City Chiefs||31|
|San Diego Chargers||21||Houston Oilers||17|
|Season||Visiting Team||Score||Home Team||Score||OT|
|Nov. 26, 1970||Oakland Raiders||14||Detroit Lions||28|
|Green Bay Packers||3||Dallas Cowboys||16|
|Nov. 25, 1971||Kansas City Chiefs||21||Detroit Lions||32|
|Los Angeles Rams||21||Dallas Cowboys||28|
|Nov. 23, 1972||New York Jets||20||Detroit Lions||37|
|San Francisco 49ers||31||Dallas Cowboys||10|
|Nov. 22, 1973||Washington Redskins||20||Detroit Lions||0|
|Miami Dolphins||14||Dallas Cowboys||7|
|Nov. 28, 1974||Denver Broncos||31||Detroit Lions||27|
|Washington Redskins||23||Dallas Cowboys||24|
|Nov. 27, 1975||Los Angeles Rams||20||Detroit Lions||0|
|Buffalo Bills||32||St. Louis Cardinals||14|
|Nov. 25, 1976||Buffalo Bills||14||Detroit Lions||27|
|St. Louis Cardinals||14||Dallas Cowboys||19|
|Nov. 24, 1977||Chicago Bears||31||Detroit Lions||14|
|Miami Dolphins||55||St. Louis Cardinals||14|
|Nov. 23, 1978||Denver Broncos||14||Detroit Lions||17|
|Washington Redskins||10||Dallas Cowboys||37|
|Nov. 22, 1979||Chicago Bears||0||Detroit Lions||20|
|Houston Oilers||30||Dallas Cowboys||24|
|Nov. 27, 1980||Chicago Bears||23||Detroit Lions||17||(OT)|
|Seattle Seahawks||7||Dallas Cowboys||51|
|Nov. 26, 1981||Kansas City Chiefs||10||Detroit Lions||27|
|Chicago Bears||9||Dallas Cowboys||10|
|Nov. 25, 1982||New York Giants||13||Detroit Lions||6|
|Cleveland Browns||14||Dallas Cowboys||31|
|Nov. 24, 1983||Pittsburgh Steelers||3||Detroit Lions||45|
|St. Louis Cardinals||17||Dallas Cowboys||35|
|Nov. 22, 1984||Green Bay Packers||28||Detroit Lions||31|
|New England Patriots||17||Dallas Cowboys||20|
|Nov. 28, 1985||New York Jets||20||Detroit Lions||31|
|St. Louis Cardinals||17||Dallas Cowboys||35|
|Nov. 27, 1986||Green Bay Packers||44||Detroit Lions||40|
|Seattle Seahawks||31||Dallas Cowboys||14|
|Nov. 26, 1987||Kansas City Chiefs||27||Detroit Lions||20|
|Minnesota Vikings||44||Dallas Cowboys||38||(OT)|
|Nov. 24, 1988||Minnesota Vikings||23||Detroit Lions||0|
|Houston Oilers||25||Dallas Cowboys||17|
|Nov. 23, 1989||Cleveland Browns||10||Detroit Lions||13|
|Philadelphia Eagles||27||Dallas Cowboys||0|
|Nov. 22, 1990||Denver Broncos||27||Detroit Lions||40|
|Washington Redskins||17||Dallas Cowboys||27|
|Nov. 28, 1991||Chicago Bears||6||Detroit Lions||16|
|Pittsburgh Steelers||10||Dallas Cowboys||20|
|Nov. 26, 1992||Houston Oilers||24||Detroit Lions||21|
|New York Giants||3||Dallas Cowboys||30|
|Nov. 25, 1993||Chicago Bears||10||Detroit Lions||6|
|Miami Dolphins||16||Dallas Cowboys||14|
|Nov. 24, 1994||Buffalo Bills||21||Detroit Lions||35|
|Green Bay Packers||31||Dallas Cowboys||42|
|Nov. 23, 1995||Minnesota Vikings||38||Detroit Lions||44|
|Kansas City Chiefs||12||Dallas Cowboys||24|
|Nov. 28, 1996||Kansas City Chiefs||28||Detroit Lions||24|
|Washington Redskins||10||Dallas Cowboys||21|
|Nov. 27, 1997||Chicago Bears||20||Detroit Lions||55|
|Tennessee Oilers||27||Dallas Cowboys||14|
|Nov. 26, 1998||Pittsburgh Steelers||16||Detroit Lions||19||(OT)|
|Minnesota Vikings||46||Dallas Cowboys||36|
|Nov. 25, 1999||Chicago Bears||17||Detroit Lions||21|
|Miami Dolphins||0||Dallas Cowboys||20|
|Nov. 23, 2000||New England Patriots||9||Detroit Lions||34|
|Minnesota Vikings||27||Dallas Cowboys||15|
|Nov. 22, 2001||Green Bay Packers||29||Detroit Lions||27|
|Denver Broncos||26||Dallas Cowboys||24|
|Nov. 28, 2002||New England Patriots||20||Detroit Lions||12|
|Washington Redskins||20||Dallas Cowboys||27|
|Nov. 27, 2003||Green Bay Packers||14||Detroit Lions||22|
|Miami Dolphins||40||Dallas Cowboys||21|
|Nov. 25, 2004||Indianapolis Colts||41||Detroit Lions||9|
|Chicago Bears||7||Dallas Cowboys||21|
|Nov. 24, 2005||Atlanta Falcons||27||Detroit Lions||7|
|Denver Broncos||24||Dallas Cowboys||21||(OT)|
|Season||Visiting Team||Score||Home Team||Score||OT|
|Nov. 23, 2006||Miami Dolphins||27||Detroit Lions||10|
|Tampa Bay Buccaneers||10||Dallas Cowboys||38|
|Denver Broncos||10||Kansas City Chiefs||19|
|Nov. 22, 2007||Green Bay Packers||37||Detroit Lions||26|
|New York Jets||3||Dallas Cowboys||34|
|Indianapolis Colts||31||Atlanta Falcons||13|
|Nov. 27, 2008||Tennessee Titans||47||Detroit Lions||10|
|Seattle Seahawks||9||Dallas Cowboys||34|
|Arizona Cardinals||20||Philadelphia Eagles||48|
|Nov. 26, 2009||Green Bay Packers||34||Detroit Lions||12|
|Oakland Raiders||7||Dallas Cowboys||24|
|New York Giants||6||Denver Broncos||26|
|Nov. 25, 2010||New England Patriots||45||Detroit Lions||24|
|New Orleans Saints||30||Dallas Cowboys||27|
|Cincinnati Bengals||10||New York Jets||26|
|Nov. 24, 2011||Green Bay Packers||27||Detroit Lions||15|
|Miami Dolphins||19||Dallas Cowboys||20|
|San Francisco 49ers||6||Baltimore Ravens||16|
|Nov. 22, 2012||Houston Texans||34||Detroit Lions||31||(OT)|
|Washington Redskins||38||Dallas Cowboys||31|
|New England Patriots||49||New York Jets||19|
|Nov. 28, 2013||Green Bay Packers||10||Detroit Lions||40|
|Oakland Raiders||24||Dallas Cowboys||31|
|Pittsburgh Steelers||20||Baltimore Ravens||22|
|Nov. 27, 2014||Chicago Bears||17||Detroit Lions||34|
|Philadelphia Eagles||33||Dallas Cowboys||10|
|Seattle Seahawks||19||San Francisco 49ers||3|
|Nov. 26, 2015||Philadelphia Eagles||14||Detroit Lions||45|
|Carolina Panthers||33||Dallas Cowboys||14|
|Chicago Bears||17||Green Bay Packers||13|
|Nov. 24, 2016||Minnesota Vikings||13||Detroit Lions||16|
|Washington Redskins||26||Dallas Cowboys||31|
|Pittsburgh Steelers||28||Indianapolis Colts||7|
|Nov. 23, 2017||Minnesota Vikings||30||Detroit Lions||23|
|Los Angeles Chargers||28||Dallas Cowboys||6|
|New York Giants||10||Washington Redskins||20|
|Team||Last Game||Wins||Losses||Ties||Win %||Other names appeared under|
|New Orleans Saints||2010||1||0||1.000|
|Los Angeles Rams||1975||3||1||.750||Cleveland Rams (1937–1945), does not include 1936 AFL's Cleveland Rams|
|Tennessee Titans||2008||5||2||.714||Houston Oilers (1960–1996)
Tennessee Oilers (1997–1998)
|Indianapolis Colts||2016||2||1||1||.625||Baltimore Colts (1953–1983)|
|Los Angeles Chargers||2017||3||1||1||.625||San Diego Chargers (1961–2016)|
|New York Giants||2017||7||6||3||.607|
|New England Patriots||2012||3||2||.600|
|Chicago Bears||2015||17||15||2||.529||Decatur Staleys (1920)
Chicago Staleys (1921)
|Kansas City Chiefs||2006||5||5||.500||Dallas Texans (1960–1962), does not include 1–0 record of unrelated NFL Dallas Texans.|
|New York Jets||2012||4||4||.500||New York Titans (1960–1962)|
|San Francisco 49ers||2014||2||2||1||.500||Does not include 1–0 record when team was a member of the AAFC.|
|Buffalo Bills||1994||3||4||1||.438||Does not include 1–0 record of unrelated AAFC team of same name.|
|Green Bay Packers||2015||14||20||2||.417|
|Arizona Cardinals||2008||6||15||2||.304||Chicago Cardinals (1920–1959)
St. Louis Cardinals (1960–1987)
Phoenix Cardinals (1988–1993)
|Tampa Bay Buccaneers||2006||0||1||.000|
|Cleveland Browns||1989||0||3||.000||Does not include 3–0 record when team was a member of the AAFC.|
|Jacksonville Jaguars||None||0||0||–||Only active franchise to have never played on Thanksgiving.|
An idiosyncrasy in the NFL's current scheduling formula, which has been in effect since 2002 and revised in 2010, effectively prevents teams from the AFC North from playing the Lions or Cowboys on Thanksgiving, as the formula has the AFC North playing in Dallas or Detroit in years when the other team is slated to play the AFC game on Thanksgiving. These teams can, under the 2014 television contracts, play only in the third (night) game; should cross-flex be expanded to Thursdays or Fox win the Thursday Night contract in 2018 (either scenario would allow both Fox and CBS to carry AFC games), this idiosyncrasy will be eliminated.
The Los Angeles Rams have the longest active appearance drought of any team, with their last appearance coming in 1975. Among current NFL markets, Cleveland has had the longest wait to have a team from its city play on Thanksgiving; the Browns last appeared in 1989, several years before being suspended in the Cleveland Browns relocation controversy, and have not appeared in the game since rejoining the league as an expansion team.
Since 2010, the league has made efforts to end the longest droughts. New Orleans, Cincinnati, Baltimore, Houston, and Carolina all played their first Thanksgiving games during this time frame. San Francisco likewise played their first Thanksgiving game since 1972 in 2011, and the Los Angeles Chargers, who last played on the holiday in 1969 (while the team was still an AFL franchise in San Diego) before actually joining the league, appeared for the first time as an NFL member in 2017.
|Team||Wins||Losses||Ties||Win Pct.||Other names appeared under|
|Frankford Yellow Jackets||2||0||1.000||Defunct (1931)|
|New York Yankees*||2||0||1.000||Defunct (1949)|
|Pottsville Maroons||2||0||1.000||Defunct (1928)|
|Boston Yanks||1||0||1.000||Defunct (1948)|
|Buffalo Bills*||1||0||1.000||Defunct (1949), unrelated to current NFL team with this name|
|Dallas Texans||1||0||1.000||Defunct (1952), does not count AFL's Dallas Texans, which are now the Kansas City Chiefs|
|Los Angeles Buccaneers||1||0||1.000||Defunct (1926)|
|Oorang Indians||1||0||1.000||Defunct (1923)|
|Rock Island Independents||1||0||1.000||Defunct (1925)|
|All-Tonawanda Lumberjacks||1||0||1.000||Defunct (1921)|
|Akron Pros||3||1||1||.700||Defunct (1926)|
|Buffalo Bisons||1||1||1||.500||Buffalo All-Americans (1920–1923), Defunct (1929)|
|Canton Bulldogs||1||1||1||.500||Defunct (1926)|
|Cleveland Bulldogs||1||1||.500||Defunct (1927)|
|Dayton Triangles||1||1||.500||Defunct (1929)|
|Kansas City Cowboys||1||1||.500||Kansas City Blues (1924), Defunct (1926)|
|Milwaukee Badgers||1||1||.500||Defunct (1926)|
|Brooklyn Lions||0||1||.000||Defunct (1926)|
|Chicago Tigers||0||1||.000||Defunct (1920)|
|Detroit Heralds||0||1||.000||Defunct (1920)|
|New York Yanks||0||1||.000||Defunct (1950)|
|Providence Steam Roller||0||1||.000||Defunct (1931)|
|Racine Legion||0||1||.000||Defunct (1926)|
|Toledo Maroons||0||1||.000||Defunct (1923)|
|Brooklyn Dodgers*||0||2||.000||Defunct (1949)|
|Chicago Hornets*||0||2||.000||Chicago Rockets (1946–1948), Defunct (1949)|
|Columbus Panhandles||0||2||.000||Defunct (1926)|
|Detroit Panthers||0||2||.000||Defunct (1926)|
|Hammond Pros||0||2||.000||Defunct (1926)|
|Rochester Jeffersons||0||2||.000||Defunct (1925)|
|Los Angeles Dons*||0||3||.000||Defunct (1949)|
Since 1989, informal and sometimes lighthearted Man of the Match awards have been issued by the networks broadcasting the respective games. Running back Emmitt Smith holds the record for most Thanksgiving MVPs with five (1990, 1992, 1994, 1996 and 2002). Voting on the respective awards is typically done informally by the announcing crew themselves, and criteria are loose. Noteworthy statistical accomplishments weigh heavily, and "group" awards are common. The announcement of the winner(s), and the presentation of the award is normally done immediately following the game, during post-game network coverage.
In 1989, John Madden of CBS awarded the first "Turkey Leg Award", for the game's most valuable player. Pursuant to its name, it was an actual cooked turkey leg, and players typically took a celebratory bite out of the leg for the cameras during post-game interviews. Reggie White of the Eagles was the first recipient. The gesture was seen mostly as a humorous gimmick relating to Madden's famous multi-legged turkey, cooked and delivered by local restaurant owner Joe Pat Fieseler of Harvey's Barbecue (located less than a mile from Texas Stadium). Since then, however, the award has gained subtle notoriety. Madden brought the award to FOX in 1994, and it continued through 2001.
Because of the loose and informal nature of the award, at times it has been awarded to multiple players. On one occasion in 1994, it was given to players of both teams.
When John Madden left FOX after 2001, the network introduced a new award starting in 2002, named the "Galloping Gobbler." It was represented by a small figurine of a silver turkey wearing a football helmet striking a Heisman-like pose. Much like Cleatus and Digger, the original Galloping Gobbler trophy reflected Fox's irreverent mascots, and went through several iterations. Unimpressed by its tackiness, 2002 winner Emmitt Smith (who holds the record for most Thanksgiving MVP awards and had won the Turkey Leg Award four previous times) famously threw his in a trash can.
In 2007, the kitschy statuette was replaced with a bronze-colored statue of a nondescript turkey holding a football. In 2011, the trophies were discarded altogether and replaced by an attractive plaque. Unlike the aforementioned "Turkey Leg Award", the "Galloping Gobbler" is normally awarded to only one player annually, however in 2016, co-winners were honored.
For 2017, the Galloping Gobbler was permanently retired, and replaced with the "Game Ball," an stylish, ornate football-shaped trophy, reminiscent of the tradition where game-used balls are typically awarded to players of the game. No one at Fox seemed to notice the first ball awarded has the stripe markings of a college ball.
When the NFL returned to CBS in 1998, they introduced their own award, the "All-Iron Award", which is, suitably enough, a small silver iron, a reference to Phil Simms' All-Iron team for toughness. The All-Iron winner also receives a skillet of blackberry cobbler made by Simms' mother.
Through 2006, the trophy was only awarded to one player annually. Occasionally, it has been issued as a "group award" in addition to a single player award. In 2008, Simms stated it was "too close to call" and named four players to the trophy; he then gave the award to several people every year until 2013, after which he reverted to a single MVP in 2014.
Simms was removed from the broadcast booth for the 2017 season and no player of the game was chosen that year.
During the time when NFL Network held the broadcast rights the prime time game, from 2007 to 2011 they gave out the "Pudding Pie Award" for MVPs. The award was an actual pie. In 2009, NFL Network gave Brandon Marshall a pumpkin pie rather than the chocolate pudding pie of the previous two years.
NBC, which carried Thanksgiving afternoon games through 1997, did not issue an MVP award during that time. NBC began broadcasting the Thanksgiving prime time game in 2012, at which point the MVP award was added. The award is currently called the Sunday Night Football on Thanksgiving Night Player of the Game, and is typically awarded to multiple players on the winning team. From 2012 to 2015, the NBC award was referred to as the "Madden Thanksgiving Player-of-the-Game", honoring John Madden (who announced NBC games from 2006 to 2008). In the first few years, the award specifically went to players on both offense and defense, but in recent years, defensive players have not necessarily been recognized. The winning players are presented with ceremonial game balls and, as a gesture to Madden, a cooked turkey leg.
DuMont was the first network to televise Thanksgiving games in 1953; CBS took over in 1956, and in 1965, the first ever color television broadcast of an NFL game was the Thanksgiving match between the Lions and the Baltimore Colts.
Starting in 2012, all three broadcast networks with NFL rights will carry one game apiece. The first two games are split between CBS and Fox. These games are rotated annually, with CBS getting the 12:30 p.m. (EST) "early" game, and Fox getting the 4:25 p.m. "late" game in even-numbered years, while Fox likewise gets the "early" game and CBS the "late" game in odd-numbered years. The third game, with a prime time 8:30 p.m. start, is carried by NBC. The NFL may involve the Flexible Scheduling rule in the future to reassign games if the night game has less importance than the Dallas or Detroit game.
Westwood One holds national radio broadcast rights to all three games, with Compass Media Networks sharing rights to the Cowboys contest. (Under league rules, only radio stations that carry at least 12 Cowboys games in a season are allowed to carry the Compass broadcast.) The participating teams also air the games on their local flagship stations and regional radio networks.
Thursday, Saturday, and Monday games are not affected.
As an added bonus, John Madden will return to NBC to open the broadcast and will give his first "Madden Thanksgiving Player of the-Game" award
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