Share
VIDEOS 1 TO 50
THE BODY SHOP MAKEUP | Tested
THE BODY SHOP MAKEUP | Tested
Published: 2017/03/03
Channel: Tati
TESTING THE BODY SHOP MAKEUP | HIT OR MISS?
TESTING THE BODY SHOP MAKEUP | HIT OR MISS?
Published: 2017/03/28
Channel: Bella Fiori
The Body Shop Haul ♡ Skincare & Bodycare ♥
The Body Shop Haul ♡ Skincare & Bodycare ♥
Published: 2015/02/01
Channel: Jaymfs
PROBANDO PRODUCTOS | ELF, NYX Y THE BODY SHOP
PROBANDO PRODUCTOS | ELF, NYX Y THE BODY SHOP
Published: 2017/08/21
Channel: MyCrazyMakeup
FIRST IMPRESSION | The Body Shop Drops Of Youth Liquid Peel | MissBeautyAdikt
FIRST IMPRESSION | The Body Shop Drops Of Youth Liquid Peel | MissBeautyAdikt
Published: 2017/02/12
Channel: MissBeautyAdikt
FULL FACE Using THE BODY SHOP Makeup?! || What Worked & What DIDN
FULL FACE Using THE BODY SHOP Makeup?! || What Worked & What DIDN'T
Published: 2017/04/06
Channel: RachhLoves
CHARCOAL TEA TREE MASK - THE BODY SHOP
CHARCOAL TEA TREE MASK - THE BODY SHOP
Published: 2016/09/11
Channel: Gemma Benci
The Body Shop Haul | HUGE UNBOXNG | Makeup, Skincare, & Cosmetics! | Roxette Arisa
The Body Shop Haul | HUGE UNBOXNG | Makeup, Skincare, & Cosmetics! | Roxette Arisa
Published: 2015/12/16
Channel: Roxette Arisa
Haul & First Impression || The Body Shop MAKEUP??
Haul & First Impression || The Body Shop MAKEUP??
Published: 2015/06/25
Channel: RachhLoves
The Body Shop Drops Of Youth Review / 28 Day challenge | JustTheHaze
The Body Shop Drops Of Youth Review / 28 Day challenge | JustTheHaze
Published: 2016/02/25
Channel: JustTheHaze
EVERYDAY SKINCARE ROUTINE |THE BODYSHOP TEATREE
EVERYDAY SKINCARE ROUTINE |THE BODYSHOP TEATREE
Published: 2016/11/06
Channel: OfficialMonroeBrooKe
The Body Shop Superfood Face Masks | corallista
The Body Shop Superfood Face Masks | corallista
Published: 2017/04/03
Channel: Ankita Srivastava | Corallista
Nyári Get Ready With Me + NYEREMÉNYJÁTÉK | The Body Shop x Karin Dragos
Nyári Get Ready With Me + NYEREMÉNYJÁTÉK | The Body Shop x Karin Dragos
Published: 2017/08/10
Channel: The Body Shop Hungary
Testing THE BODY SHOP (Makeup, Brushes, Tan) AD | Sophie Louise
Testing THE BODY SHOP (Makeup, Brushes, Tan) AD | Sophie Louise
Published: 2017/06/23
Channel: Sophie Louise
THE BODY SHOP HAUL • Skincare, Makeup, Candles & More!
THE BODY SHOP HAUL • Skincare, Makeup, Candles & More!
Published: 2017/01/08
Channel: Jaymfs
The Body Shop Seaweed Line | review | Oily Skins
The Body Shop Seaweed Line | review | Oily Skins
Published: 2017/03/19
Channel: Vilma Martins
THE BEST OF THE BODY SHOP
THE BEST OF THE BODY SHOP
Published: 2016/02/22
Channel: Cruelty-Free Becky
Winter Skincare | The Body Shop Vitamin E Range Review // Magali Vaz
Winter Skincare | The Body Shop Vitamin E Range Review // Magali Vaz
Published: 2016/12/21
Channel: Magali Vaz
The Body Shop! The Best and Worst Products!
The Body Shop! The Best and Worst Products!
Published: 2014/09/18
Channel: Trish L
TESTING THE BODY SHOP MAKEUP | sophdoesnails
TESTING THE BODY SHOP MAKEUP | sophdoesnails
Published: 2017/06/09
Channel: sophdoesnails
The Body Shop SUPERFOOD Face Masks | Application & First Impressions
The Body Shop SUPERFOOD Face Masks | Application & First Impressions
Published: 2016/11/21
Channel: Natasha Summer
The Body Shop 买三送三该买什么?the body shop best products 韩小艾 (teatree茶树,aloe芦荟,nutriorganic, makeupremover
The Body Shop 买三送三该买什么?the body shop best products 韩小艾 (teatree茶树,aloe芦荟,nutriorganic, makeupremover
Published: 2016/05/28
Channel: Elaine 韩小艾 Makeup
Review The Body Shop Tea Tree New Collection
Review The Body Shop Tea Tree New Collection
Published: 2017/04/04
Channel: Jean Milka
The Body Shop Haul | Estée Lalonde
The Body Shop Haul | Estée Lalonde
Published: 2013/05/27
Channel: Estée Lalonde
NEW & VEGAN! The Body Shop Matte Clay Clarifying Foundation | Wear Test, First Impression
NEW & VEGAN! The Body Shop Matte Clay Clarifying Foundation | Wear Test, First Impression
Published: 2017/07/13
Channel: Evelina Forsell
Trik supaya wajah tidak kusam | The Body Shop Indonesia
Trik supaya wajah tidak kusam | The Body Shop Indonesia
Published: 2016/09/15
Channel: The Body Shop Indonesia
TESTING THE BODY SHOP MAKEUP!
TESTING THE BODY SHOP MAKEUP!
Published: 2016/12/02
Channel: Just Jodes
The Body Shop Haul | Debasree Banerjee
The Body Shop Haul | Debasree Banerjee
Published: 2017/05/09
Channel: Debasree Banerjee
The Body Shop Haul | Review Ngắn Một Số Sản Phẩm Đã Dùng
The Body Shop Haul | Review Ngắn Một Số Sản Phẩm Đã Dùng
Published: 2017/03/14
Channel: Beautify Everyday
Фавориты THE BODY SHOP ♡ [OSIA]
Фавориты THE BODY SHOP ♡ [OSIA]
Published: 2017/05/05
Channel: Osia
Nouveautés produits de beauté : Lancome, Estee Lauder, Mac cosmetics, NYX, The bodyshop
Nouveautés produits de beauté : Lancome, Estee Lauder, Mac cosmetics, NYX, The bodyshop
Published: 2017/08/23
Channel: Nuby Beauty
REVIEW MASKER SUPERFOOD THE BODY SHOP | Review Masker Untuk Semua Jenis Kulit | Jihan Putri
REVIEW MASKER SUPERFOOD THE BODY SHOP | Review Masker Untuk Semua Jenis Kulit | Jihan Putri
Published: 2016/11/04
Channel: Jihan Putri Zuariah
Arcápolók és sminkek kombinált bőrre | The Body Shop
Arcápolók és sminkek kombinált bőrre | The Body Shop
Published: 2017/08/03
Channel: The Body Shop Hungary
THE BODY SHOP LIQUID PEEL REVIEW & DEMO    |     Le
THE BODY SHOP LIQUID PEEL REVIEW & DEMO | Le'Chelle Taylor
Published: 2017/02/27
Channel: LeChelle Aldridge
ПОКУПКИ КОСМЕТИКИ в THE BODY SHOP!
ПОКУПКИ КОСМЕТИКИ в THE BODY SHOP!
Published: 2017/04/09
Channel: Diana Suvorova
Review & Demo The Body Shop Superfood Mask - Abel Cantika
Review & Demo The Body Shop Superfood Mask - Abel Cantika
Published: 2016/11/10
Channel: Abel Cantika
4 Uses for The Body Shop’s Tea Tree Oil | Zahrah Aliyah
4 Uses for The Body Shop’s Tea Tree Oil | Zahrah Aliyah
Published: 2015/09/13
Channel: Zahrah Aliyah
7 Любимых Продуктов THE BODY SHOP
7 Любимых Продуктов THE BODY SHOP
Published: 2016/09/27
Channel: Marie Novosad
REVIEW skincare ลูกรัก the body shop drop of youth ตัวใหม่ !!! | icepadie
REVIEW skincare ลูกรัก the body shop drop of youth ตัวใหม่ !!! | icepadie
Published: 2017/02/02
Channel: icepadie
Probando maquillaje de The Body Shop | Silvia Quiros Makeup
Probando maquillaje de The Body Shop | Silvia Quiros Makeup
Published: 2017/02/02
Channel: silviaquirosmakeup
The Body Shop Haul 2016 (men
The Body Shop Haul 2016 (men's cosmetics product review) ✖ James Welsh
Published: 2016/09/11
Channel: James Welsh
ПОКУПКИ/ ОБЗОР The Body Shop/ Kristina Beauty
ПОКУПКИ/ ОБЗОР The Body Shop/ Kristina Beauty
Published: 2016/03/29
Channel: Kristina Zviranskaya
Mis favoritos de The Body Shop
Mis favoritos de The Body Shop
Published: 2015/08/13
Channel: Camino con Allure
The Body Shop HAUL! ♡
The Body Shop HAUL! ♡
Published: 2015/05/07
Channel: Gabriella ♡
The Body Shop ile Sevgililer Günü
The Body Shop ile Sevgililer Günü'ne Hazırlanın! + HEDİYELER!
Published: 2015/01/30
Channel: Duygu Özaslan
The Body Shop Superfood Mask มาส์ก5สูตรใหม่สำหรับคนรักผิวโดยเฉพาะ
The Body Shop Superfood Mask มาส์ก5สูตรใหม่สำหรับคนรักผิวโดยเฉพาะ
Published: 2016/09/21
Channel: feonalita
FAVORITOS MARZO: NYX, THE BODY SHOP, SERIES... | Claudia Cienfuegos
FAVORITOS MARZO: NYX, THE BODY SHOP, SERIES... | Claudia Cienfuegos
Published: 2017/04/02
Channel: Claudia Cienfuegos
Hvad Der Var I Mine Julekalendere Fra Body Shop
Hvad Der Var I Mine Julekalendere Fra Body Shop
Published: 2013/12/25
Channel: Michelle L.
TOPS & FLOPS : MON AVIS SUR LES PRODUITS THE BODY SHOP (mini coup de gueule)
TOPS & FLOPS : MON AVIS SUR LES PRODUITS THE BODY SHOP (mini coup de gueule)
Published: 2012/09/18
Channel: Eimadolly
Produtos e preços das linhas de cuidados faciais Body Shop
Produtos e preços das linhas de cuidados faciais Body Shop
Published: 2015/05/14
Channel: Coisas de Diva
NEXT
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The Body Shop International plc
Subsidiary
Industry Cosmetics
Founded 26 March 1976
Founder Anita Roddick
Headquarters West Sussex, United Kingdom
Number of locations
3,200[1]
Key people
Anita Roddick
Products
  • Skin care
  • cosmetics
  • fragrances
Revenue Increase US$ 1.1 billion (2016)
Owner Natura
Number of employees
17,000[1]
Website http://www.thebodyshop.com

The Body Shop International plc, trading as The Body Shop, is a British cosmetics, skin care and perfume company that was founded in 1976 by Dame Anita Roddick. It currently has a range of 1,000 products which it sells in 3,000 franchised stores internationally in 66 countries.[2] The company is based in Littlehampton, West Sussex.

The company had been owned by the French cosmetics company L'Oréal between 2006 and 2017. In June 2017, L'Oréal agreed to sell the company to the Brazilian cosmetics company Natura for £880 million, subject to Brazilian and US regulatory approval.[3]

History[edit]

Origins[edit]

In 1970, Anita Roddick (then Anita Perella) visited "The Body Shop" housed in a car repairs garage in Berkeley, California selling naturally-scented soaps and lotions. The shop run by Peggy Short and Jane Saunders used natural ingredients, and helped to employ and train immigrant women. Six years later, in 1976, Roddick opened a similar shop in the UK, using the same business name, colour scheme, and cosmetic lines. In 1987, Roddick offered Short and Saunders $3.5 million to purchase the name "The Body Shop". [4][5][6] From its first launch in the UK in 1976, The Body Shop experienced rapid growth, expanding at a rate of 50 percent annually.

The Body Shop in the Prudential Center in Boston

The Body Shop stock was floated on London's Unlisted Securities Market in April 1984, opening at 95p. After it obtained a full listing on the London Stock Exchange, the stock was given the nickname "The shares that defy gravity," as its price increased by more than 500%.

The Body Shop turned increasingly toward social and environmental campaigns to promote its business in the late 1980s. In 1997, Roddick launched a global campaign to raise self-esteem in women and against the media stereotyping of women. It focused on unreasonably skinny models in the context of rising numbers in bulimia and anorexia.

The opening of Roddick's first modest shop received early attention when the Brighton newspaper, The Evening Argus, carried an article about an undertaker with a nearby store who complained about the use of the name "The Body Shop."[7]

Sale to L'Oréal[edit]

In March 2006, The Body Shop agreed to a £652.3 million takeover by L'Oréal. It was reported that Anita and Gordon Roddick, who set up The Body Shop 30 years previously, made £130 million from the sale.[8]

There was a media controversy surrounding claims that L'Oréal continues to test on animals, which contradicts The Body Shop's core value of Against Animal Testing. L'Oréal states the company has not tested cosmetics on animals since 1989. Animal testing on cosmetics ceased for all cosmetic companies in Europe as well as cosmetics imports when the European Union passed legislation banning all testing for personal care products.[9] Since March 2013, the Group has taken another decisive step: The Group no longer tests on animal, anywhere in the world, and does not delegate this task to others. An exception could be made if regulatory authorities required it for safety or regulatory purposes.[10]

Roddick addressed the controversy over selling The Body Shop to the world's largest cosmetics company in an interview with The Guardian,[11] which reported that "she sees herself as a kind of "trojan horse" who, by selling her business to a huge firm, will be able to influence the decisions it makes. Suppliers who had formerly worked with the Body Shop will in future have contracts with L'Oréal, and working with the company 25 days a year Roddick was able to have an input into decisions."

Following her death in 2007, Prime Minister Gordon Brown paid tribute to Dame Anita, calling her "one of the country's true pioneers" and an "inspiration" to businesswomen. He said: "She campaigned for green issues for many years before it became fashionable to do so and inspired millions to the cause by bringing sustainable products to a mass market. She will be remembered not only as a great campaigner but also as a great entrepreneur."[12][13]

International expansion[edit]

Year of opening Country[14]
1976 UK
1978 Belgium
1979 Austria, Greece, Sweden
1980 Iceland, Canada
1981 Denmark, Ireland, Finland
1982 France, Netherlands
1983 Cyprus, Germany, Switzerland, Singapore, Australia
1984 Italy, Hong Kong, Malaysia
1985 Norway, Bahamas, Bahrain
1986 Portugal, Spain, Kuwait, Oman
1987 Malta, Antigua, Bermuda, Qatar, Saudi Arabia
1988 Gibraltar, United States, Taiwan
1989 Cayman Islands, New Zealand
1990 Japan
1991 Luxembourg
1992 Indonesia
1993 Mexico, Brunei, Thailand, Macau
1996 Philippines
1997 Korea
1999 Romania
2006 India, Russia, Poland, Czech Republic
2012 Hungary
2014 Brazil, Morocco
2015 Sri Lanka
2016 Chile

Social activism[edit]

The social activism dimension of the company first evidenced in 1986 when The Body Shop proposed an alliance with Greenpeace in the UK to save the whales. Roddick began launching other promotions tied to social causes, with much public and media interest. The Body Shop regularly featured posters on shop windows and sponsorship of local charity and community events. Over time, Roddick blossomed into a full-time critic of business in general and the cosmetic industry in particular, criticising what she considered the environmental insensitivity of the industry and traditional views of beauty, and aimed to change standard corporate practices[15] Roddick said: "For me, campaigning and good business is also about putting forward solutions, not just opposing destructive practices or human rights abuses".[16]

The Body Shop instituted pioneering social audits in the mid-1990s, and continues to support its values[17][18] such as Community Trade,[19] reflecting its avowed practice of trading with communities in need and giving them a fair price for natural ingredients or handcrafts they purchase from these often marginalised countries. The first Community Trade activity in 1987 was a footsie roller which was supplied by a small community in Southern India (today known as Teddy Exports) and still a key CT supplier.[20] Since then, The Body Shop has found many trade partners in over 20 different countries that often are overlooked by the local as well as the global society.

Criticism has been made of the programme by fair trade activists. "The company's prominently displayed claims claim to pay fairer prices to the Third World poor but covered less than a fraction of 1 percent of its turnover", wrote Paul Vallely, the former chair of Traidcraft, in the obituary of Anita Roddick published in The Independent.

Policy on animal testing[edit]

The Body Shop has campaigned to end animal testing in cosmetics since 1989 and its website shows the various public campaigns it has created since then. The company’s products are non-animal tested and are certified cruelty-free by Cruelty Free International’s Leaping Bunny.[citation needed] In October 2009, The Body Shop was awarded a 'Lifetime Achievement Award' by the RSPCA in Britain, in recognition of its uncompromised policy which ensures ingredients are not tested by its suppliers.[citation needed]

Community Trade (formerly Trade not Aid)[edit]

By 1991, The Body Shop's "Trade Not Aid" initiative with the objective of "creating trade to help people in the Third World utilise their resources to meet their own needs" had started a paper factory in Nepal employing 37 people producing bags, notebooks and scented drawer liners. Another initiative was a 33,000 square foot (3,000 square metre) soap factory in the depressed Glasgow suburb of Easterhouse, whose payroll included 100 residents.

Sometimes considered anti-capitalist or against globalisation, The Body Shop philosophy is in favour of international marketplaces. The chain uses its influence and profits for programmes such as Community Trade, aimed at enacting fair labour practices, safe working environments and pay equality. According to The Body Shop, 95% of the company's products contain community traded ingredients by 2016.

In October 2009, The Body Shop invited employees, including a store manager from the UK to visit a supplier and see the benefits that the Community Trade programme has brought to a community in India.[21]

The Body Shop does not export its products to China, because cosmetics sold in the country have to be tested on animals, according to Roddick.[22] However, The Body Shop has always sourced many of its baskets and other non cosmetic supplies from China.

The Body Shop has undertaken periodic independent social audits of its activities.[23]

The Body Shop Foundation[edit]

The Roddicks founded The Body Shop Foundation in 1990, which supports innovative global projects working in the areas of human and civil rights and environmental and animal protection. It is The Body Shop International Plc's charitable trust funded by annual donations from the company and through various fundraising initiatives.[24] The Body Shop Foundation was formed to consolidate all the charitable donations made by the company. To date, The Body Shop Foundation has donated over £24 million sterling in grants. The Foundation regularly gives gift-in-kind support to various projects and organisations such as Children On The Edge (COTE).[25] Approximately 65% of the grants that the company funds come to nominations from the staff, consultants or franchisers attached to the company from all over the world.

Products[edit]

The Body Shop stand at New Zealand department store Farmers

The Body Shop carries a wide range of products for the body, face, hair and home. The Body Shop claims its products are "inspired by nature" and they feature ingredients such as marula oil and sesame seed oil sourced through the Community Trade program.

In 2010, The Body Shop produced its first ECOCERT certified organic skincare line, Nutriganics. Following the launch of Nutriganics, The Body Shop reformulated their hair line to contain no colourants (Rainforest Hair Care), and produced a new line of deodorants that contain no aluminium salts, and use volcanic minerals as a substitute.

Products include:

Controversies[edit]

  • The September 1994 investigative article "Shattered Image: Is The Body Shop Too Good to Be True?,[26] " written by Jon Entine and published in Business Ethics magazine, created an international controversy and led to dozens of stories in the international media, including articles on The New York Times' business section front page and on ABC World News Tonight. A flurry of news reports led to a temporary 50% drop in the market value of the stock of the company, which until that point had been considered a model "socially responsible" company.
  • Entine reported that Anita Roddick, founder of Body Shop International (BSI) in the UK, had stolen the name, store design, marketing concept and most product line ideas from The Body Shop[4][5][6] founded in 1970 in Berkeley, California by Peggy Short and Jane Saunders who started the French-style perfume store, where customers could do their own blending. Roddick subsequently fabricated her story of travelling around the world discovering exotic beauty ingredients. In 1989, Roddick purchased the US and Israeli rights to The Body Shop name, and the Berkeley-based chain of five stores renamed itself Body Time.
  • Roddick's unsubstantiated claims and inaccurate reports in popular articles and even some university case studies that Roddick's The Body Shop "gave most of its profits to charity", documents from Britain's Charity Commission showed that Roddick's company gave nothing to charity over its first 11 years and was penurious in its philanthropy thereafter. The Body Shop also faced millions of dollars in claims by disenchanted franchisees.
  • Entine referred to The Body Shop's marketing as "greenwashing," which was one of the first uses of that term. The article in Business Ethics (now defunct), which was cited with a National Press Club Award for Consumer Journalism in 1994, is still widely used in university business ethics classes and is generally credited with prompting companies claiming to be socially responsible to match their claims with operational practices and to increase transparency.
  • The "Shattered Image" article had originally been scheduled to be published as a 10,000 word feature in Vanity Fair earlier in 1994 but was dropped after legal threats by The Body Shop. The original article was eventually published in 2004 by The Nation Books in Killed: Great Journalism Too Hot to Print,[27] edited by David Wallis. Business Ethics, which had featured Roddick on its cover just the year before, subsequently agreed to print a much shorter version of the exposé.
  • In April 2013 it was revealed that The Body Shop was charging Irish consumers up to 33% more than their London counterparts.[28]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Schipani, Andres (27 June 2017). "L’Oréal sells The Body Shop to Natura Cosméticos". Financial Times. Retrieved 10 July 2017. 
  2. ^ https://www.thebodyshop.com/en-gb/aboutus.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. ^ "Body Shop bought by Brazil's Natura". BBC News. 27 June 2017. Retrieved 27 June 2017. 
  4. ^ a b "History". 
  5. ^ a b "Body Flop: Anita Roddick proclaimed that business could be caring as well as capitalist, by Jon Entine, The Globe and Mail Report on Business Magazine". Jonentine.com. 31 May 2002. Retrieved 9 December 2011. 
  6. ^ a b "Made In Berkeley: Berkeley's Body Time the Original Body Shop. Category: Features from". The Berkeley Daily Planet. Retrieved 9 December 2011. 
  7. ^ "Dame Anita Roddick". Growing Business. Retrieved 9 December 2011. 
  8. ^ "L'Oreal buys Body Shop for £652m". The Independent. London. 17 March 2006. Retrieved 25 May 2010. 
  9. ^ Booth, Robert (17 March 2006). "Activists call Body Shop boycott". The Guardian. London. 
  10. ^ "The Question of Animal Testing". L'Oreal. Retrieved 2016-03-13. 
  11. ^ The Guardian. Interview: Anita Roddick, Body Shop founder
  12. ^ "Dame Anita Roddick dies aged 64". BBC News. 10 September 2007. Retrieved 25 May 2010. 
  13. ^ About The Body Shop Story from Encyclopedia of Leadership, Volume 4. Books.google.com. Retrieved 9 December 2011. 
  14. ^ http://web.archive.org/web/20050305142901/http://www.thebodyshopinternational.com/templates/global/images/ra98.pdf
  15. ^ http://www1.umn.edu/humanrts/links/bodycode.html
  16. ^ "The Body Shop". The Body Shop. 25 February 2011. Retrieved 9 December 2011. 
  17. ^ "The Body Shop: Our Values". Retrieved 30 April 2006. 
  18. ^ "The Body Shop: Values Report". Retrieved 30 April 2006. 
  19. ^ "The Body Shop: Values Report, Community Trade Principles" (PDF). Retrieved 30 April 2006. 
  20. ^ "The Body Shop® - Natural Products Inspired by Nature". 
  21. ^ "Nicola will be no stranger to fair trade (From This Is Cheshire)". Thisischeshire.co.uk. 22 October 2009. Retrieved 9 December 2011. 
  22. ^ "BBC: The Magazine Monitor". BBC News. 16 December 2005. Retrieved 9 December 2011. 
  23. ^ "The Body Shop Values Report". 
  24. ^ "The Body Shop Foundation". The Body Shop Foundation. Retrieved 9 December 2011. 
  25. ^ "Home". 
  26. ^ "The Body Shop: Jon Entine writes on sustainability, corporate responsibility, DNA, race, and Jewish identity". Jonentine.com. Retrieved 9 December 2011. 
  27. ^ ISBN 1-56025-581-1
  28. ^ Kelleher, Lynne (2 April 2013). "Irish shoppers pay 33% more than London counterparts". Irish Examiner. Retrieved 5 May 2014. 

External links[edit]

Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license