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Montréal - Plateau Mont-Royal
Montréal - Plateau Mont-Royal
Published: 2011/02/22
Channel: Tourisme Montréal
A Day in Montreal
A Day in Montreal's Plateau & Mile End
Published: 2016/07/02
Channel: Delightful Travellers
Explore: La Plateau, Montreal
Explore: La Plateau, Montreal
Published: 2016/02/09
Channel: YP NextHome
Visite du plateau Mont-Royal
Visite du plateau Mont-Royal
Published: 2013/06/25
Channel: Via Capitale Du Mont-Royal
Montréal - Plateau Mont-Royal for couples
Montréal - Plateau Mont-Royal for couples
Published: 2011/02/23
Channel: Tourisme Montréal
Montréal // On vous dit pourquoi on aime le Plateau  •  À NOUS, LES CARIBOUS ! •
Montréal // On vous dit pourquoi on aime le Plateau • À NOUS, LES CARIBOUS ! •
Published: 2017/01/29
Channel: À nous les Caribous !
24 Hours in Plateau Mont-Royal
24 Hours in Plateau Mont-Royal
Published: 2012/07/03
Channel: Tourisme Montréal
Vivre au Canada : le plateau Mont-Royal, le parc Lafontaine et le Village.
Vivre au Canada : le plateau Mont-Royal, le parc Lafontaine et le Village.
Published: 2016/06/01
Channel: Immigrer au Canada
Montréal - Plateau Mont-Royal
Montréal - Plateau Mont-Royal
Published: 2008/09/18
Channel: Tourisme Montréal
Montréal - Plateau Mont-Royal for singles
Montréal - Plateau Mont-Royal for singles
Published: 2011/02/23
Channel: Tourisme Montréal
Le chaos total sur le Plateau-Mont-Royal
Le chaos total sur le Plateau-Mont-Royal
Published: 2015/09/11
Channel: Les vidéos du Journal
5015 rue Clark Le plateau Mont-Royal / Mile-End Montréal - à Vendre
5015 rue Clark Le plateau Mont-Royal / Mile-End Montréal - à Vendre
Published: 2017/05/16
Channel: Studio couleur café
Le plateau Mont-Royal - Montréal
Le plateau Mont-Royal - Montréal
Published: 2017/07/17
Channel: Nickolas Jourdain
Un amour de quartier: Le Plateau Mont-Royal
Un amour de quartier: Le Plateau Mont-Royal
Published: 2016/11/07
Channel: Via Capitale Du Mont-Royal
Le Plateau Mont-Royal
Le Plateau Mont-Royal
Published: 2015/01/26
Channel: Immigrant Québec
Le quartier de Sarah-Maude Beauchesne: Le Plateau-Mont-Royal
Le quartier de Sarah-Maude Beauchesne: Le Plateau-Mont-Royal
Published: 2016/06/22
Channel: 375 MTL
Montréal - le Plateau Mont-Royal
Montréal - le Plateau Mont-Royal
Published: 2011/02/23
Channel: Tourisme Montréal
Vol filmé sur le plateau Mont Royal
Vol filmé sur le plateau Mont Royal
Published: 2016/06/12
Channel: denis vincent
Un amour de quartier | Le Plateau Mont-Royal en hiver
Un amour de quartier | Le Plateau Mont-Royal en hiver
Published: 2017/01/05
Channel: Via Capitale Du Mont-Royal
3629 De Bullion, Le Plateau Mont Royal, Montréal - Maison à vendre
3629 De Bullion, Le Plateau Mont Royal, Montréal - Maison à vendre
Published: 2017/05/09
Channel: Studio couleur café
Marche guidée sur le Plateau Mont Royal
Marche guidée sur le Plateau Mont Royal
Published: 2017/05/06
Channel: François Bérubé
Plateau-Mont-Royal /  Snow in Montreal
Plateau-Mont-Royal / Snow in Montreal
Published: 2017/01/08
Channel: Frédéric le floch
Hiver Montréalais   Plateau Mont Royal
Hiver Montréalais Plateau Mont Royal
Published: 2013/12/16
Channel: Michel Gagnon
La Pique-Assiette : Le Plateau-Mont-Royal
La Pique-Assiette : Le Plateau-Mont-Royal
Published: 2017/04/25
Channel: La Pique-Assiette
WALKING RUE RACHEL ST IN MONTREAL PLATEAU MONT ROYAL DISTRICT
WALKING RUE RACHEL ST IN MONTREAL PLATEAU MONT ROYAL DISTRICT
Published: 2017/07/11
Channel: retroolschool
WALKING LAURIER STREET IN MONTREAL PLATEAU MONT-ROYAL BOROUGH
WALKING LAURIER STREET IN MONTREAL PLATEAU MONT-ROYAL BOROUGH
Published: 2017/07/24
Channel: retroolschool
Montréal - le Plateau Mont-Royal en famille
Montréal - le Plateau Mont-Royal en famille
Published: 2011/02/23
Channel: Tourisme Montréal
Montréal - le Plateau Mont-Royal en solo
Montréal - le Plateau Mont-Royal en solo
Published: 2011/02/23
Channel: Tourisme Montréal
Montréal - le Plateau Mont-Royal entre amis
Montréal - le Plateau Mont-Royal entre amis
Published: 2011/02/22
Channel: Tourisme Montréal
Appartement à louer*Plateau Mont-Royal: 4 ½ - 1300$ BonsLocataires.com
Appartement à louer*Plateau Mont-Royal: 4 ½ - 1300$ BonsLocataires.com
Published: 2017/01/14
Channel: BonsLocataires.com
Des conseils de citoyens dans le Plateau-Mont-Royal ?
Des conseils de citoyens dans le Plateau-Mont-Royal ?
Published: 2013/10/20
Channel: Carl Boileau
LE PLATEAU MONT ROYAL lowres
LE PLATEAU MONT ROYAL lowres
Published: 2016/05/03
Channel: Leo Solorsano
La "Gigue du Plateau Mont-Royal" de Jean-Claude Bélanger
La "Gigue du Plateau Mont-Royal" de Jean-Claude Bélanger
Published: 2013/03/20
Channel: TelepathMedia
Périple extrême sur le Plateau Mont-Royal
Périple extrême sur le Plateau Mont-Royal
Published: 2008/03/10
Channel: videosenligne
Appartement À louer - 5½ - Montréal (Le Plateau Mont-Royal) - $1,075/mois - K...
Appartement À louer - 5½ - Montréal (Le Plateau Mont-Royal) - $1,075/mois - K...
Published: 2017/08/02
Channel: Kangalou
La Chasse-Balcon - Partie 1 (Plateau Mont-Royal)
La Chasse-Balcon - Partie 1 (Plateau Mont-Royal)
Published: 2015/05/04
Channel: Stéphanie L-Bérubé
House - for sale - Le Plateau-Mont-Royal (Montréal)
House - for sale - Le Plateau-Mont-Royal (Montréal)
Published: 2012/10/03
Channel: MichelineCote
VLOG : Plateau Mont-Royal avec ma BFF
VLOG : Plateau Mont-Royal avec ma BFF
Published: 2015/10/08
Channel: MOROCCAN BEAUTY CANADA
Condo à vendre sur le Plateau Mont-Royal
Condo à vendre sur le Plateau Mont-Royal
Published: 2016/06/08
Channel: julien david
Porte ouvert - copropriété divise (condo) - A vender - Le Plateau - Mont -Royal (Montreal)
Porte ouvert - copropriété divise (condo) - A vender - Le Plateau - Mont -Royal (Montreal)
Published: 2013/09/21
Channel: Montreal homes and condos
Love Mother Earth - Menchie
Love Mother Earth - Menchie's Plateau-Mont-Royal, Montréal
Published: 2015/04/23
Channel: Man Hu
Montréal - le Plateau Mont-Royal - LGBT
Montréal - le Plateau Mont-Royal - LGBT
Published: 2011/02/23
Channel: Tourisme Montréal
Le plateau Mont-royal
Le plateau Mont-royal
Published: 2011/05/24
Channel: MsChatrond
Le Plateau Mont-Royal
Le Plateau Mont-Royal
Published: 2015/11/10
Channel: Kluelesskara88
Location d
Location d'espace commercial/Bureau - à louer - Le Plateau-Mont-Royal - 9482919
Published: 2017/06/24
Channel: AlainStJeanTV
Vlog 4: Le plateau Mont-Royal a un "certé" charme !
Vlog 4: Le plateau Mont-Royal a un "certé" charme !
Published: 2014/12/17
Channel: Merly-Melo
Dernier Concert des 6e Année École Le Plateau Montreal.Chanson "Happy" (Sean Liu Stafford)
Dernier Concert des 6e Année École Le Plateau Montreal.Chanson "Happy" (Sean Liu Stafford)
Published: 2014/06/18
Channel: Patrick Stafford
Montréal - le Plateau Mont-Royal en couple
Montréal - le Plateau Mont-Royal en couple
Published: 2011/02/23
Channel: Tourisme Montréal
Gîte du Plateau Mont-Royal
Gîte du Plateau Mont-Royal
Published: 2015/09/29
Channel: Carl Gagne
Condo - à vendre - Le Plateau-Mont-Royal - 15719208
Condo - à vendre - Le Plateau-Mont-Royal - 15719208
Published: 2016/07/23
Channel: EquipeJacquesPerron
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Le Plateau-Mont-Royal
Borough of Montreal
Mount Royal seen from Duluth Street in the Plateau.
Mount Royal seen from Duluth Street in the Plateau.
Official logo of Le Plateau-Mont-Royal
Logo
Le Plateau Mont-Royal's location in Montreal
Le Plateau Mont-Royal's location in Montreal
Coordinates: 45°31′18″N 73°34′32″W / 45.52167°N 73.57556°W / 45.52167; -73.57556
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
City Montreal
Region Montréal
Borough established January 1, 2002
Electoral Districts
Federal

Laurier—Sainte-Marie
Outremont
Ville-Marie—Le Sud-Ouest—Île-des-Sœurs
Provincial Mercier
Outremont
Sainte-Marie–Saint-Jacques
Hochelaga-Maisonneuve
Westmount–Saint-Louis
Government[1][2][3]
 • Type Borough
 • Mayor Luc Ferrandez (PM)
 • Federal MP(s)

Hélène Laverdière

(NDP)
Thomas Mulcair (NDP)
Marc Miller (LIB)
 • Quebec MNA(s) Amir Khadir (QS)
Hélène David (PLQ)
Manon Massé (QS)
Carole Poirier (PQ)
Jacques Chagnon (PLQ)
Area[4][5]
 • Land 8.1 km2 (3.1 sq mi)
Population (2011)[5]
 • Total 100,390
 • Density 12,348.1/km2 (31,981/sq mi)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Area code(s) Area code 514/438
Access Routes[6] Route 335
Website www.ville.montreal.qc.ca/plateau

Le Plateau-Mont-Royal (French pronunciation: ​[lə plato mɔ̃ ʁwajal]) is a borough (arrondissement) of the city of Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

The Plateau-Mont-Royal takes its name from its location on relatively flat terrain north of Sherbrooke Street and downtown, and east of Mont-Royal. The borough is bordered to the north and north-east by the Canadian Pacific Railway tracks; to the west by Hutchison (north of Mount Royal Avenue), Park Avenue (between Mount Royal and Pine Avenue) and University Street (south of Pine Avenue); and to the south by Sherbrooke Street. It is the most densely populated borough in Canada, with 101,054 people living in an 8.1 square kilometre area.

There is a difference between the borough, Plateau-Mont-Royal—a political division of the City of Montreal—and the neighbourhood referred to as "the Plateau". The borough includes not only the Plateau proper, but also the neighbourhoods of Mile End (bounded by Avenue du Mont-Royal to the south and the Avenue Henri-Julien to the east) and the McGill Ghetto (bounded by University, Sherbrooke, Saint-Laurent and Pine). Both neighbourhoods are generally considered distinct from the Plateau.

History[edit]

Typical residential street in the Plateau.

Starting in 1745, the urbanized area of Montreal began to extend beyond its fortifications. The Plateau Mont-Royal was born when the Faubourg Saint-Laurent to the north became the main line of development. In 1792, Montreal expanded to establish its official limits about two kilometres around the original fortifications. Therefore, Mount Royal and Duluth Street formed its boundaries. Farther from the centre, especially to the west, English-speaking families of the era owned large houses surrounded by gardens and the Religious Hospitallers of St. Joseph owned a large field which would be the site of the future Hôtel-Dieu. Further from the city are large country estates whose farms are owned by the Montreal bourgeoisie.

In 1850, a reservoir was installed in what is today the location of Saint-Louis Square. It had the function of supplying water to Côte-à-Baron residents, who lived on the downward slope below Sherbrooke Street. At that time a farm on the site of the current La Fontaine Park was converted into a field of military manoeuvres. To the north, other cities were formed following new economic activity, giving rise to the village of Coteau-Saint-Louis in 1846. A chapel was built two years later to be replaced in 1857 by the Church of Saint-Enfant-Jésus du Mile-End. Nowadays, Mile End is a neighbourhood adjacent to part of the Plateau Mont-Royal, but it was only in 1878 that the village of Saint-Louis-du-Mile-End was born. By the end of the century, the mountain was purchased by the City of Montreal which developed Mount Royal Park. La Fontaine Park took the place of the military field and the reservoir serving Côte-à-Baron gave way to St. Louis Square.

The village of Saint-Jean-Baptiste formed circa 1861. Its central point is also the location of the market (the first market was built in 1870 and replaced by a more modern market in 1933, which was demolished in 1966). The civic centre was located at the intersection of Saint Lawrence Street (later Saint Laurent Boulevard) and Rachel Street. The villages of Coteau-Saint-Louis and Saint-Jean-Baptiste merged into Montreal in 1893 and 1886 respectively. As for Saint-Louis-du-Mile-End and DeLorimier, they would be annexed to Montreal in 1910 and 1909 respectively. At that time, the population of Montreal spilled over east of Papineau Road (today Papineau Avenue), where elegant houses and avenues were located.

In the early twentieth century, it was a working class neighbourhood. Over the years, spurred by economic growth, the working class population gradually deserted the area. By 1900, Coteau-Saint-Louis had become very cosmopolitan, and counted several Protestant churches and synagogues. Several Protestant traders opened shop on St. Lawrence Street (renamed St. Lawrence Boulevard in 1905). St. Lawrence was the linguistic border between the French-speaking east, and English-speaking west. At that time, Saint Joseph Boulevard became the first tree-lined street in the city.

In the 1930s, the Great Depression slowed construction in the district, although some work resulted in the funding for the landscaping of Sir Wilfrid Laurier Park. The Université de Montréal moved to the northern slope of Mount Royal in 1943, resulting in the relocation of both the English and French bourgeoisie to this neighbourhood. Immigrants settled increasingly in the neighbourhood in the post-war period. Jews operated several boutiques on St. Lawrence Boulevard and moved into the adjacent neighbourhoods to the west. Schwartz's Montreal Hebrew Delicatessen, established in 1928, is still one of the most famous shops in Montreal, famous for its Montreal-style smoked meat sandwiches. Greek Canadians set up many businesses in the decades that followed, particularly along Park Avenue and contributed to the local art of baking and pastry. More recently, Vietnamese and Portuguese settled in the area, as evidenced, for the latter, by Little Portugal.

In the 1980s, the area's bohemian aura and proximity to McGill University attracted gentrification. As rents increased, many of its traditional residents and businesses were dispersed to other parts of the city. The neighbourhood continues to gentrify, and it is now home to many upscale restaurants and nightclubs, and several trendy clothing stores are located along St. Laurent Blvd. and St. Denis St.

Geography[edit]

Victorian homes on Saint Louis Square.

The borough is located northeast of downtown, and was part of the City of Montreal prior to the 2002 municipal mergers.

It is bordered to the south by Ville-Marie, to the west by Outremont, and to the north and east by Rosemont–La Petite-Patrie. Clockwise from the south, it is bounded by Sherbrooke St., University St., Pine Ave. (av. des Pins), Park Ave. (Avenue du Parc), the southward projection of Hutchison St., Hutchison St., and the CP railroad tracks.

Arts and culture[edit]

The Plateau was formerly a working-class neighbourhood, with the Eastern part being largely Québécois, and the Western part multicultural. The neighbourhood was the childhood home of Quebec writers Michel Tremblay and Mordecai Richler and both have set many stories in the Plateau of the 1950s and 60s.

The Plateau is characterized by brightly coloured houses, cafés, book shops, and a laissez-faire attitude. It's the location of some famous attractions on Saint Laurent Boulevard, including Schwartz's Deli (famous for its Montreal smoked meat), and a weekend street fair during the summer that sees extremely crowded streets. In 1997, Utne Reader rated it one of the 15 "hippest" neighbourhoods in North America.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
Year Pop. ±%
1966 176,090 —    
1971 158,585 −9.9%
1976 135,490 −14.6%
1981 113,866 −16.0%
1986 106,569 −6.4%
1991 100,375 −5.8%
1996 99,575 −0.8%
2001 101,364 +1.8%
2006 101,054 −0.3%
2011 100,390 −0.7%
[8]
Home language (2011) [9]
Language Population Percentage (%)
French 63,695 67%
English 21,415 23%
Other languages 9,815 10%

The plateau has the highest concentration of youths living there, with an average age of 34, and an overall average age range of 25–34 years old. The average number of people per household is 1.7. 53% live alone. In 2011, approximately half of the families living in the plateau have no children.

As of the 2011 census, 49% of the people living in the Plateau had immigrated from elsewhere, or their parents had migrated from outside of Montreal. A majority of the immigrants were found to be from France and Portugal. In addition, 16% of its occupants belong to visible minority groups.

The average income for individuals living in this area is $37,500, and average income for a household is $56,072. Families make an average income of $83,803. Single parent families have an average annual income of $52,683.

Government[edit]

Borough council[edit]

As of the November 3, 2013 Montreal municipal election, the current borough council consists of the following councillors:

District Position Name   Party
Borough mayor
City councillor
Luc Ferrandez   Projet Montréal
DeLorimier City councillor Louise Mainville   Projet Montréal
Borough councillor Marianne Giguère   Projet Montréal
Jeanne-Mance City councillor Alex Norris   Projet Montréal
Borough councillor Christine Gosselin   Projet Montréal
Mile-End City councillor Richard Ryan   Projet Montréal
Borough councillor Marie Plourde   Projet Montréal

Federal and provincial[edit]

The borough is divided among the following federal ridings:

It is divided among the following provincial electoral districts:

  • Outremont
  • Mercier
  • Hochelaga-Maisonneuve (a small southeastern corner)
  • Sainte-Marie–Saint-Jacques
  • Westmount–Saint-Louis

Education[edit]

Mile End Library

The Commission scolaire de Montréal (CSDM) operates Francophone public schools.

The English Montreal School Board (EMSB) operates Anglophone public schools.

The borough has two libraries of the Montreal Public Libraries Network: Mile End and Plateau-Mont-Royal.[10]

Features[edit]

Overlooked by the eastern face of Mount Royal, the borough is served by part of the orange line of the Montreal metro, including Sherbrooke, Mont-Royal, and Laurier stations.

Important features of the borough include the Hôtel-Dieu de Montréal, Lafontaine Park, and Jeanne Mance Park.

The borough is largely composed of the well-known Plateau neighbourhood, famous for its bohemian reputation and characteristic architecture. The neighbourhoods of Mile End, Côte Saint-Louis, and Milton-Parc (including the McGill Ghetto) are also located in the borough.

Montreal's Little Portugal neighbourhood is situated in the western portion of the borough.

Le Plateau-Mont-Royal borough council has undertaken various renaturalisation and traffic-calming projects in recent years under the leadership of borough Mayor Luc Ferrandez. The reconstruction of intersections now usually involves constructing road-diets (where vehicular traffic space has been reduced) in favour of wider sidewalks and large naturalised areas with grasses, flowers and other indigenous plant species. The renaturalisation of some alleyways has been realised through the removal of asphalt or concrete along the edge of property lines for soil; local residents can plant whatever they choose. Many streets underwent one-directional reassignments, to the irritation of local and visiting motorists; Ferrandez has faced criticism for what some feel to be drastic changes resulting in decreased vehicular and pedestrian traffic for merchants on main thoroughfares.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ministère des Affaires Municipales et Régions: Le Plateau-Mont-Royal
  2. ^ Parliament of Canada Federal Riding History: LAURIER--SAINTE-MARIE (Quebec)
    Parliament of Canada Federal Riding History: OUTREMONT (Quebec)
    Parliament of Canada Federal Riding History: WESTMOUNT--VILLE-MARIE (Quebec)
  3. ^ Chief Electoral Officer of Québec - 40th General Election Riding Results: MERCIER
    Chief Electoral Officer of Québec - 40th General Election Riding Results: OUTREMONT
    Chief Electoral Officer of Québec - 40th General Election Riding Results: SAINTE-MARIE-SAINT-JACQUES
    Chief Electoral Officer of Québec - 40th General Election Riding Results: HOCHELAGA-MAISONNEUVE
    Chief Electoral Officer of Québec - 40th General Election Riding Results: WESTMOUNT-SAINT-LOUIS
  4. ^ www.ville.montreal.qc.ca/plateau
  5. ^ a b "Population totale en 2006 et en 2011 - Variation — Densité" (PDF). Canada 2011 Census (in French). Ville de Montréal. 2012. Retrieved 5 June 2012. 
  6. ^ Official Transport Quebec Road Map
  7. ^ http://www.utne.com/1997-11-01/hip-hot-spots.aspx?page=2#axzz2Z0T0mdTQ
  8. ^ "Profil sociodéographique: Arrondissement Le Plateau Mont-Royal" (PDF) (in French). Ville de Montréal. 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013. 
  9. ^ http://ville.montreal.qc.ca/portal/page?_pageid=6897,68087646&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL
  10. ^ "Les bibliothèques par arrondissement." Montreal Public Libraries Network. Retrieved on December 7, 2014.
  11. ^ Perreaux, Les (31 December 2015). "Montreal’s battle of the bike paths in Plateau Mont-Royal". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°31′18″N 73°34′32″W / 45.521646°N 73.57545°W / 45.521646; -73.57545

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