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The REAL Origin of SUPERMAN Explained! || Comic Misconceptions || NerdSync
The REAL Origin of SUPERMAN Explained! || Comic Misconceptions || NerdSync
Published: 2014/01/22
Channel: NerdSync
Dumbsday, Part 2 - The Reign of the Supermen (The Big Picture)
Dumbsday, Part 2 - The Reign of the Supermen (The Big Picture)
Published: 2014/09/09
Channel: Escapist Movies
DC Comics DCUC Reign of Supermen Eradicator, Steel, Superboy, and Cyborg Superman Action Figures
DC Comics DCUC Reign of Supermen Eradicator, Steel, Superboy, and Cyborg Superman Action Figures
Published: 2017/06/06
Channel: Brad The DC Universe Geek
University of Florida Libraries, Reign of the Superman
University of Florida Libraries, Reign of the Superman
Published: 2008/03/26
Channel: UFlibraries
Relive The Reign of Supermen Story Arc!!
Relive The Reign of Supermen Story Arc!!
Published: 2012/06/12
Channel: ComicBookCornCLASSIC
Reign Of The Supermen - Trailer
Reign Of The Supermen - Trailer
Published: 2016/09/29
Channel: Darth Blender
Reign of the Superman Trailer (Fan Made)
Reign of the Superman Trailer (Fan Made)
Published: 2016/02/03
Channel: AListProductions
RETURN OF SUPERMAN from DC Comics | Back Issues
RETURN OF SUPERMAN from DC Comics | Back Issues
Published: 2016/02/04
Channel: ComicPOP
Superman Doomed - Complete Story
Superman Doomed - Complete Story
Published: 2014/11/27
Channel: Comicstorian
The Complete Life & Death of Superman
The Complete Life & Death of Superman
Published: 2016/01/14
Channel: ComicsExplained
The Death and Return of Superman: Doomsday Explained
The Death and Return of Superman: Doomsday Explained
Published: 2015/12/30
Channel: ComicsExplained
Death of Superman - Complete Story | Comicstorian
Death of Superman - Complete Story | Comicstorian
Published: 2016/04/04
Channel: DC Fans
SUPERMAN KILLS THE JOKER (Injustice: Year One Part 1) │ Comic History
SUPERMAN KILLS THE JOKER (Injustice: Year One Part 1) │ Comic History
Published: 2017/01/30
Channel: RNS Entertainment
DC Weekly Graphic Novel Review: Supergirl Vol. 1 Reign of the Cyborg Supermen
DC Weekly Graphic Novel Review: Supergirl Vol. 1 Reign of the Cyborg Supermen
Published: 2017/05/17
Channel: Graphic Policy
COMIC THEORY: Did Superman Die BEFORE Doomsday? || Comic Misconceptions || NerdSync
COMIC THEORY: Did Superman Die BEFORE Doomsday? || Comic Misconceptions || NerdSync
Published: 2016/03/31
Channel: NerdSync
Now Superman Is Being Attacked
Now Superman Is Being Attacked
Published: 2017/09/18
Channel: Taurean Reign
The Ultimate Superman Punch Compilation - Roman Reigns
The Ultimate Superman Punch Compilation - Roman Reigns
Published: 2017/02/05
Channel: BDWJ1987
The DEATH of SUPERMAN/Reign of the SUPERMEN!
The DEATH of SUPERMAN/Reign of the SUPERMEN!
Published: 2016/11/30
Channel: tbonepearson
SUPERMAN Reign Of Doomsday
SUPERMAN Reign Of Doomsday
Published: 2014/02/09
Channel: OG0GTripleOG
1993 Reign Of Superman United Comic Book-Auction Find
1993 Reign Of Superman United Comic Book-Auction Find
Published: 2017/02/25
Channel: Doris Anne Beaulieu
VGATW Latest News - Death of Superman and Reign of Supermen Animated Movies in the works
VGATW Latest News - Death of Superman and Reign of Supermen Animated Movies in the works
Published: 2017/07/23
Channel: Video Games And The World
The supermen trailer reign of the supermen man of steel sup
The supermen trailer reign of the supermen man of steel sup
Published: 2012/10/26
Channel: Trethebear
The DEATH and RETURN of SUPERMAN
The DEATH and RETURN of SUPERMAN
Published: 2014/01/09
Channel: TheBrotherhoodofGaming.com
DC Classics Figures - Reign Of The Supermen - Batman knightfall Review
DC Classics Figures - Reign Of The Supermen - Batman knightfall Review
Published: 2014/11/25
Channel: thecollector75
Zack Snyder Teases New Look for Superman In Justice League
Zack Snyder Teases New Look for Superman In Justice League
Published: 2016/06/26
Channel: Wochit Entertainment
Reign of the Superman
Reign of the Superman
Published: 2011/02/12
Channel: tonystark106422
Neon Nerds, Episode 3: The Death of Superman/The Reign of Angry Phil
Neon Nerds, Episode 3: The Death of Superman/The Reign of Angry Phil
Published: 2015/12/10
Channel: Neon Nerds Podcast
Comic Book Corner Classic Episode 1: Reign of The Supermen part 1
Comic Book Corner Classic Episode 1: Reign of The Supermen part 1
Published: 2012/06/25
Channel: DarkAvengerINC
The Death and Return of Superman Omnibus Review
The Death and Return of Superman Omnibus Review
Published: 2016/06/29
Channel: JP Sarri Reviews
Superman  "Reign of the Supermen" Mugen Edition
Superman "Reign of the Supermen" Mugen Edition
Published: 2009/07/29
Channel: ProgAgressive
Reign of superman 1993 comic book
Reign of superman 1993 comic book
Published: 2015/08/16
Channel: Nerd Alert!
Supergirl #1 “REIGN OF THE CYBORG SUPERMAN” Recap/Review
Supergirl #1 “REIGN OF THE CYBORG SUPERMAN” Recap/Review
Published: 2016/09/15
Channel: Raushan The Amazing Geek
Reign of the supermen ep 1 death of superman Lego stop moti
Reign of the supermen ep 1 death of superman Lego stop moti
Published: 2012/11/13
Channel: Trethebear
Reign of Supermen
Reign of Supermen
Published: 2010/05/15
Channel: Shane
Comic Book Corner Classic: Episode 1 - Reign of The Supermen - Part 11
Comic Book Corner Classic: Episode 1 - Reign of The Supermen - Part 11
Published: 2012/09/19
Channel: DarkAvengerINC
Related Recap #338: Reign of the Supermen/Marvel Solicitations
Related Recap #338: Reign of the Supermen/Marvel Solicitations
Published: 2013/06/20
Channel: TheComicRelated
Lost Media Chronicles Episode 38 -  Superman (Lost Concept Art and 1933 Comic)
Lost Media Chronicles Episode 38 - Superman (Lost Concept Art and 1933 Comic)
Published: 2017/03/12
Channel: Shoegazer Productions
BUCR Ep.1 | Thor Annual #3 - The Adventures of Superman Reign of the Supermen! - Jughead
BUCR Ep.1 | Thor Annual #3 - The Adventures of Superman Reign of the Supermen! - Jughead's Diner #1
Published: 2016/02/17
Channel: Bags Unlimited Inc.
Not to Bad ( DC Rebirth Supergirl Vol 1 Reign of Cyborg Superman Review)
Not to Bad ( DC Rebirth Supergirl Vol 1 Reign of Cyborg Superman Review)
Published: 2017/06/02
Channel: Fresh Comics Reviews
SUPERMAN: EMPEROR JOKER | Back Issues
SUPERMAN: EMPEROR JOKER | Back Issues
Published: 2016/05/18
Channel: ComicPOP
Reign of the Supermen
Reign of the Supermen
Published: 2017/08/09
Channel: Ginomai Films Limited
BATMAN V SUPERMAN: DAWN OF JUSTICE TV Spot - Reign of Terror (2016) Ben Affleck
BATMAN V SUPERMAN: DAWN OF JUSTICE TV Spot - Reign of Terror (2016) Ben Affleck
Published: 2016/01/25
Channel: JoBlo Movie Trailers
REIGN OF THE SUPERMEN
REIGN OF THE SUPERMEN
Published: 2015/03/08
Channel: Kaiser Khalil
Reign of The Super-Man | New Super Man #13 Review
Reign of The Super-Man | New Super Man #13 Review
Published: 2017/07/16
Channel: Fortress of Solitude
The Adventures Of Superman #501 When He Was A Boy Reign of the Supermen   DC Comics
The Adventures Of Superman #501 When He Was A Boy Reign of the Supermen DC Comics
Published: 2017/04/13
Channel: Charli Hargreaves
Superman #78  Alive Reign of the Supermen   DC Comics
Superman #78 Alive Reign of the Supermen DC Comics
Published: 2017/05/15
Channel: jaka tole
Kandor Comics : superman comic book collection part 1
Kandor Comics : superman comic book collection part 1
Published: 2015/02/22
Channel: KandorComics
Supergirl Vol  1 Reign of the Cyborg Supermen Rebirth
Supergirl Vol 1 Reign of the Cyborg Supermen Rebirth
Published: 2017/04/15
Channel: julio lana
Funeral For a Friend - Walk Away (The Death and Return of Superman)
Funeral For a Friend - Walk Away (The Death and Return of Superman)
Published: 2011/02/21
Channel: Nicolas Noël
DCUC Wave 5 Eradicator - Reign of the Supermen
DCUC Wave 5 Eradicator - Reign of the Supermen
Published: 2010/06/29
Channel: peaugh
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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"The Reign of the Superman" in the fanzine Science Fiction: The Advance Guard of Future Civilization #3 (January 1933). As a bald-headed villain, the original Superman resembles the later Lex Luthor more than the later Superman.

"The Reign of the Superman" (January 1933) is a short story written by Jerry Siegel and illustrated by Joe Shuster. It was the first published use by the writer/artist duo of the name Superman, which they later applied to their archetypal fictional superhero. The title character of this story is a telepathic villain rather than a physically powerful hero. (Although the name is hyphenated between syllables due to it being broken between pages on the story's opening spread, it is spelled Superman in the magazine's table of contents and in the story's text.)

Publication[edit]

High school friends Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster tried selling their stories to magazines in order to escape Depression era poverty. With their work rejected by publishers, 18-year-old Shuster printed the duo's own typewritten, mimeographed science fiction fanzine titled Science Fiction: The Advance Guard of Future Civilization, producing five issues.[1][2]

According to a 1983 interview with Siegel,[3] he first wrote the short story "The Reign of the Superman" in 1932. Inspired by Friedrich Nietzsche's idea of an Übermensch,[4][5] Siegel's original story featured his first Superman as a powerful villain bent on dominating the entire world. Siegel's short story appeared in Science Fiction: The Advance Guard of Future Civilization Issue #3, with accompanying artwork by Shuster.[6] For this publication, Siegel used the pen name Herbert S. Fine, combining the first name of a cousin Herbert with the maiden name of Siegel's mother.[7]

The term "Superman" derives from a common English translation of the term Übermensch which originated with Friedrich Nietzsche's statement, "Ich lehre euch den Übermenschen" ("I will teach you all the Superman"), in his 1883 work Thus Spoke Zarathustra. The term "Superman" was popularized by George Bernard Shaw with his 1903 play Man and Superman.[8] The character Jane Porter refers to Tarzan as a "superman" in the 1912 pulp novel Tarzan of the Apes by Edgar Rice Burroughs, and Siegel would later name Tarzan as an influence on the creation of his own Superman.[9]

Story[edit]

A mad scientist, a chemist named Professor Ernest Smalley, randomly chooses raggedly dressed vagrant Bill Dunn from a bread line and recruits him to participate in an experiment in exchange for "a real meal and a new suit". When Smalley's experimental potion grants Dunn telepathic powers, the man becomes intoxicated by his power and seeks to rule the entire world. This superpowered man uses these abilities for evil, only to discover that the potion's effects are temporary. Having killed the evil Smalley, who had intended to kill Dunn and give himself the same powers, Dunn cannot recreate the secret formula. As the story ends, Dunn's powers wear off and he realizes he will be returning to the bread line to be a forgotten man once more.

Subsequent evolution[edit]

Siegel rewrote the character in 1933 as a hero bearing little or no resemblance to his villainous namesake, resulting in a five-year quest to find a publisher. When Siegel saw the 48-page black-and-white comic book titled Detective Dan, Secret Operative No. 48, he decided that a Superman who was a hero could make a great comic character. He went on to write a crime story which Shuster would draw in comic format. Titling it "The Superman", Siegel and Shuster offered it to Consolidated Book Publishing, the company that had published Detective Dan. Although the duo received an encouraging letter, Consolidated never again published comic books. Discouraged, Shuster burned all pages of the story; the cover surviving only because Siegel rescued it from the fire. Siegel and Shuster compared the character to Slam Bradley, a private detective the pair later created for Detective Comics #1 (March 1937).[10] "We had a great character," Siegel later said, "and were determined it would be published."[11]

Siegel and Shuster would next use the name in June 1938's Action Comics #1, featuring the superhero Superman.

Later references[edit]

  • After DC Comics' "The Death of Superman" storyline and before Superman's return from the dead, four other characters replaced him during a storyline called "Reign of the Supermen", which ran through Action Comics and other Superman titles (June - October 1993).
  • In DC's year-long weekly series 52 #35 (January 2007), numerous superhero characters abruptly lose their powers and fall from the sky in a story titled "Rain of the Supermen".
  • DC's Tangent Universe features an alternate conception of "Superman" as a highly evolved human.

Collector's value[edit]

Few intact copies of Science Fiction #3, the original publication for this story, survive. Collectors value it both because of its rarity and because of its importance in the history behind the development of the DC Comics character Superman. In September 2006, Heritage Auction Galleries in Dallas, Texas, auctioned off a copy for $47,800.[12]

Reprints and digital reissues[edit]

  • The Official Overstreet Comic Book Price Guide #18 reprints the first two pages with opening text and Shuster's splash art.
  • Nemo, the Classic Comics Library #2 (August 1983) p. 20-28 reprints the entire story.
  • A digital copy of the magazine issue that includes this story is available from the University of Florida's digital collections.[13]
  • This work is available in various formats at the Internet Archive.[14]

Bibliography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Daniels, Les; Kidd, Chip (1998). Superman: The Complete History: The Life and Times of the Man of Steel. London: Titan. p. 13. ISBN 1-85286-988-7. 
  2. ^ [1] Archived June 9, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ [2] Archived October 5, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ "Superman". Jewish Virtual Library. 2012-09-29. Retrieved 2015-06-16. 
  5. ^ "The World'S Greatest Comic Blogazine". Dial B For Blog. 1940-04-25. Retrieved 2015-06-16. 
  6. ^ [3] Archived December 24, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ "IDENTITY CRISIS: The Many Faces of the Man of Steel - Articles". Xroads.virginia.edu. 2000-12-01. Retrieved 2015-06-16. 
  8. ^ Safire, William (2003-06-22). "THE WAY WE LIVE NOW - 6-22-03 - ON LANGUAGE - Hyperpower - NYTimes.com". New York Times. Retrieved 2015-06-16. 
  9. ^ Sanderson, Peter (2006-05-16). "Comics in Context #133: Swinging Down Broadway - IGN". Comics.ign.com. Retrieved 2015-06-16. 
  10. ^ Daniels, Les; Kidd, Chip (1998). Superman: The Complete History: The Life and Times of the Man of Steel. London: Titan. p. 17. ISBN 1-85286-988-7. 
  11. ^ "Superman: 1933 - 1938". The Superman Super Site. Retrieved 2015-06-16. 
  12. ^ "News - Comicdom Online". Comicdom.gr. Retrieved 2015-06-16. 
  13. ^ "Science Fiction". George A. Smathers Libraries. Retrieved 2015-06-16. 
  14. ^ "Reign of the Superman : Jerry Siegel; Joe Shuster : Free Download & Streaming : Internet Archive". Archive.org. Retrieved 2015-06-16. 

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