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The REAL Origin of SUPERMAN Explained! || Comic Misconceptions || NerdSync
The REAL Origin of SUPERMAN Explained! || Comic Misconceptions || NerdSync
Published: 2014/01/22
Channel: NerdSync
Dumbsday, Part 2 - The Reign of the Supermen (The Big Picture)
Dumbsday, Part 2 - The Reign of the Supermen (The Big Picture)
Published: 2014/09/09
Channel: Escapist Movies
DC Comics DCUC Reign of Supermen Eradicator, Steel, Superboy, and Cyborg Superman Action Figures
DC Comics DCUC Reign of Supermen Eradicator, Steel, Superboy, and Cyborg Superman Action Figures
Published: 2017/06/06
Channel: Brad The DC Universe Geek
University of Florida Libraries, Reign of the Superman
University of Florida Libraries, Reign of the Superman
Published: 2008/03/26
Channel: UFlibraries
Reign of the Superman Trailer (Fan Made)
Reign of the Superman Trailer (Fan Made)
Published: 2016/02/03
Channel: AListProductions
Relive The Reign of Supermen Story Arc!!
Relive The Reign of Supermen Story Arc!!
Published: 2012/06/12
Channel: ComicBookCornCLASSIC
The Death and Return of Superman: Doomsday Explained
The Death and Return of Superman: Doomsday Explained
Published: 2015/12/30
Channel: ComicsExplained
Reign Of The Supermen - Trailer
Reign Of The Supermen - Trailer
Published: 2016/09/29
Channel: Darth Blender
VGATW Latest News - Death of Superman and Reign of Supermen Animated Movies in the works
VGATW Latest News - Death of Superman and Reign of Supermen Animated Movies in the works
Published: 2017/07/23
Channel: Video Games And The World
The Complete Life & Death of Superman
The Complete Life & Death of Superman
Published: 2016/01/14
Channel: ComicsExplained
COMIC THEORY: Did Superman Die BEFORE Doomsday? || Comic Misconceptions || NerdSync
COMIC THEORY: Did Superman Die BEFORE Doomsday? || Comic Misconceptions || NerdSync
Published: 2016/03/31
Channel: NerdSync
DC Classics Figures - Reign Of The Supermen - Batman knightfall Review
DC Classics Figures - Reign Of The Supermen - Batman knightfall Review
Published: 2014/11/25
Channel: thecollector75
The Ultimate Superman Punch Compilation - Roman Reigns
The Ultimate Superman Punch Compilation - Roman Reigns
Published: 2017/02/05
Channel: BDWJ1987
1993 Reign Of Superman United Comic Book-Auction Find
1993 Reign Of Superman United Comic Book-Auction Find
Published: 2017/02/25
Channel: Doris Anne Beaulieu
SUPERMAN Reign Of Doomsday
SUPERMAN Reign Of Doomsday
Published: 2014/02/09
Channel: OG0GTripleOG
The DEATH of SUPERMAN/Reign of the SUPERMEN!
The DEATH of SUPERMAN/Reign of the SUPERMEN!
Published: 2016/11/30
Channel: tbonepearson
Superman: Action Comics # 04, "Superman,Gridiron Hero"
Superman: Action Comics # 04, "Superman,Gridiron Hero"
Published: 2015/01/19
Channel: Classic Comic Book long Box
The supermen trailer reign of the supermen man of steel sup
The supermen trailer reign of the supermen man of steel sup
Published: 2012/10/26
Channel: Trethebear
Reign Of Kings:Superman return
Reign Of Kings:Superman return
Published: 2015/05/08
Channel: Haran Gamer
Lost Media Chronicles Episode 38 -  Superman (Lost Concept Art and 1933 Comic)
Lost Media Chronicles Episode 38 - Superman (Lost Concept Art and 1933 Comic)
Published: 2017/03/12
Channel: Shoegazer Productions
Reign of superman 1993 comic book
Reign of superman 1993 comic book
Published: 2015/08/16
Channel: Nerd Alert!
Superman  "Reign of the Supermen" Mugen Edition
Superman "Reign of the Supermen" Mugen Edition
Published: 2009/07/29
Channel: ProgAgressive
Batman v Superman: Reign Of The Superman (Fan Made Trailer)
Batman v Superman: Reign Of The Superman (Fan Made Trailer)
Published: 2017/09/21
Channel: LH2K Presents
Comic Book Corner Classic: Episode 1 Part 3 Reign of The SuperMen
Comic Book Corner Classic: Episode 1 Part 3 Reign of The SuperMen
Published: 2012/06/29
Channel: DarkAvengerINC
Justice League - Superman Black Suit - Beyond The Trailer
Justice League - Superman Black Suit - Beyond The Trailer
Published: 2017/10/08
Channel: Beyond The Trailer
Supergirl #1 “REIGN OF THE CYBORG SUPERMAN” Recap/Review
Supergirl #1 “REIGN OF THE CYBORG SUPERMAN” Recap/Review
Published: 2016/09/15
Channel: Raushan The Amazing Geek
The Reign - I Am Superman -Bar Matchless NYC (6/24/16)
The Reign - I Am Superman -Bar Matchless NYC (6/24/16)
Published: 2017/05/01
Channel: Joseph Caravella Jr.
The Reign -I Am Superman ( Mitchell Bottler and Gary Zekley )
The Reign -I Am Superman ( Mitchell Bottler and Gary Zekley )
Published: 2017/06/26
Channel: Joseph Caravella Jr.
Supergirl Wrecks "Superman" (Supergirl Rebirth Vol 1: Reign The Cyborg Supermen)
Supergirl Wrecks "Superman" (Supergirl Rebirth Vol 1: Reign The Cyborg Supermen)
Published: 2017/09/28
Channel: ComicsExplained
Reign of the Superman
Reign of the Superman
Published: 2011/02/12
Channel: tonystark106422
Reign of the supermen ep 1 death of superman Lego stop moti
Reign of the supermen ep 1 death of superman Lego stop moti
Published: 2012/11/13
Channel: Trethebear
Reign of the Supermen
Reign of the Supermen
Published: 2017/08/09
Channel: 90% Veteran Studios
Reigns vs. Sheamus - Mr. McMahon Guest Ref. for WWE World Heavyweight Title: Raw, Jan. 4, 2015
Reigns vs. Sheamus - Mr. McMahon Guest Ref. for WWE World Heavyweight Title: Raw, Jan. 4, 2015
Published: 2016/01/05
Channel: WWE
The Reign - I Am Superman (‎Gary Zekley‎/Mitchell Bottler) - Live
The Reign - I Am Superman (‎Gary Zekley‎/Mitchell Bottler) - Live
Published: 2016/09/25
Channel: Joseph Caravella Jr.
Kandor Comics : superman comic book collection part 1
Kandor Comics : superman comic book collection part 1
Published: 2015/02/22
Channel: KandorComics
Comic Book Corner Classic Episode 1: Reign of The Supermen part 1
Comic Book Corner Classic Episode 1: Reign of The Supermen part 1
Published: 2012/06/25
Channel: DarkAvengerINC
Super Friends EP.012- The One With The Reign Of Superman Stop Motion
Super Friends EP.012- The One With The Reign Of Superman Stop Motion
Published: 2010/03/21
Channel: Travis Booth
Thor vs Marvel
Thor vs Marvel's Superman/The Sentry (Marvel Comics: Siege On Asgard Event)
Published: 2016/11/13
Channel: ComicsExplained
REIGN OF THE SUPERMEN
REIGN OF THE SUPERMEN
Published: 2015/03/08
Channel: Khalil Gamble
Reign of Supermen
Reign of Supermen
Published: 2010/05/15
Channel: Shane
Superman #78  Alive Reign of the Supermen   DC Comics
Superman #78 Alive Reign of the Supermen DC Comics
Published: 2017/05/15
Channel: jaka tole
Superman The Man of Steel #22  Steel Reign of the Supermen   DC Comics
Superman The Man of Steel #22 Steel Reign of the Supermen DC Comics
Published: 2017/05/15
Channel: rendi febri
Reign of the supermen ep 4 the eradicator superman Lego min
Reign of the supermen ep 4 the eradicator superman Lego min
Published: 2012/11/24
Channel: Trethebear
Comic Book Corner Classic: Episode 1 - Reign of The Supermen - Part 11
Comic Book Corner Classic: Episode 1 - Reign of The Supermen - Part 11
Published: 2012/09/19
Channel: DarkAvengerINC
Comic Book Corner Classic: Episode 1 - Reign of The Supermen: Part 8
Comic Book Corner Classic: Episode 1 - Reign of The Supermen: Part 8
Published: 2012/08/05
Channel: DarkAvengerINC
Kiddie Party - Reign of the Supermen(TM) plus Snow White
Kiddie Party - Reign of the Supermen(TM) plus Snow White
Published: 2009/11/08
Channel: PJ Bacolod
Reign Comics 90s Superman
Reign Comics 90s Superman
Published: 2017/06/05
Channel: KC Gaming
The Death and Return of Superman SNES Music - Steel Reign - Remix
The Death and Return of Superman SNES Music - Steel Reign - Remix
Published: 2017/06/03
Channel: 816 linux
Super Man Comics
Super Man Comics
Published: 2011/11/05
Channel: David Wise
How did I do it.
How did I do it.
Published: 2017/08/08
Channel: 90% Veteran Studios
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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"The Reign of the Superman" in the fanzine Science Fiction: The Advance Guard of Future Civilization #3 (January 1933). As a bald-headed villain, the original Superman resembles the later Lex Luthor more than the later Superman.

"The Reign of the Superman" (January 1933) is a short story written by Jerry Siegel and illustrated by Joe Shuster. It was the writer/artist duo's first published use by of the name Superman, which they later applied to their archetypal fictional superhero. The title character of this story is a telepathic villain, rather than a physically powerful hero like the better-known character. (Although the name is hyphenated between syllables due to it being broken between pages on the story's opening spread, it is spelled Superman in the magazine's table of contents and in the story's text.)

Publication[edit]

High school friends Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster tried selling stories to magazines in order to escape Depression era poverty. With their work rejected by publishers, 18-year-old Shuster produced the duo's own typed, mimeographed science fiction fanzine titled Science Fiction: The Advance Guard of Future Civilization, producing five issues.[1][2]

Siegel wrote "The Reign of the Superman" in 1932.[3] Inspired by Friedrich Nietzsche's idea of an Übermensch,[4][5] it featured a meek man transformed into a powerful villain bent on dominating the world. It appeared in issue #3 of the fanzine, with accompanying artwork by Shuster.[6] Siegel published it under the pen name Herbert S. Fine, combining the first name of a cousin with his mother's maiden name.[7]

The term "Superman" derives from a common English translation of the term Übermensch, which originated with Friedrich Nietzsche's statement, "Ich lehre euch den Übermenschen" ("I will teach you all the Superman"), in his 1883 work Thus Spoke Zarathustra. The term "Superman" was popularized by George Bernard Shaw with his 1903 play Man and Superman.[8] The character Jane Porter refers to Tarzan as a "superman" in the 1912 pulp novel Tarzan of the Apes by Edgar Rice Burroughs, and Siegel would later name Tarzan as an influence on the creation of his and Shuster's Superman.[9]

Story[edit]

A mad scientist, a chemist named Professor Ernest Smalley, randomly chooses raggedly dressed vagrant Bill Dunn from a bread line and recruits him to participate in an experiment in exchange for "a real meal and a new suit". When Smalley's experimental potion grants Dunn telepathic powers, the man becomes intoxicated by his power and seeks to rule the world. This superpowered man uses these abilities for evil, only to discover that the potion's effects are temporary. Having killed the evil Smalley, who had intended to kill Dunn and give himself the same powers, Dunn cannot recreate the secret formula. As the story ends, Dunn's powers wear off and he realizes he will be returning to the bread line to be a forgotten man once more.

Subsequent evolution[edit]

Siegel reconceived the character in 1933, as a hero bearing little resemblance to his villainous namesake. When he saw the 48-page black-and-white comic book titled Detective Dan, Secret Operative No. 48, he decided that a Superman who was a hero could make a great comic character. He wrote a crime story which Shuster drew in comic format. Titling it "The Superman", they offered it to Consolidated Book Publishing, the company that had published Detective Dan. Although the duo received an encouraging letter, Consolidated never again published comic books. Discouraged, Shuster burned all pages of the story; the cover surviving only because Siegel rescued it from the fire. Siegel and Shuster compared the character to Slam Bradley, a private detective the pair later created for Detective Comics #1 (March 1937).[10] "We had a great character," Siegel later said, "and were determined it would be published."[11] Siegel and Shuster would next use the name in June 1938's Action Comics #1, featuring the superhero Superman.

Later references[edit]

  • After DC Comics' storyline "The Death of Superman", and before Superman's return from the dead, four Superman-themed characters replace him, in a storyline called "Reign of the Supermen", which ran through Action Comics and other Superman titles (June - October 1993).
  • In DC's year-long weekly series 52, the events of issue #35 (January 2007) include numerous superhero characters abruptly losing their powers and falling from the sky, in a story with the pun title "Rain of the Supermen".
  • DC's Tangent Universe features an alternate conception of "Superman" as a bald, highly evolved human.

Collector's value[edit]

Few intact copies of Science Fiction #3 survive. Collectors value it both because of its rarity and because of its importance in the history behind the development of the superhero Superman. In September 2006, Heritage Auction Galleries in Dallas, Texas, auctioned a copy for $47,800.[12]

Reprints and digital reissues[edit]

  • The Official Overstreet Comic Book Price Guide #18 reprints the first two pages with opening text and Shuster's splash art.
  • Nemo, the Classic Comics Library #2 (August 1983) p. 20-28 reprints the entire story.
  • A digital copy of the magazine issue that includes this story is available from the University of Florida's digital collections.[13]
  • This work is available in various formats at the Internet Archive.[14]

Bibliography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Daniels, Les; Kidd, Chip (1998). Superman: The Complete History: The Life and Times of the Man of Steel. London: Titan. p. 13. ISBN 1-85286-988-7. 
  2. ^ [1] Archived June 9, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ [2] Archived October 5, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ "Superman". Jewish Virtual Library. 2012-09-29. Retrieved 2015-06-16. 
  5. ^ "The World'S Greatest Comic Blogazine". Dial B For Blog. 1940-04-25. Retrieved 2015-06-16. 
  6. ^ [3] Archived December 24, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ "IDENTITY CRISIS: The Many Faces of the Man of Steel - Articles". Xroads.virginia.edu. 2000-12-01. Retrieved 2015-06-16. 
  8. ^ Safire, William (2003-06-22). "THE WAY WE LIVE NOW - 6-22-03 - ON LANGUAGE - Hyperpower - NYTimes.com". New York Times. Retrieved 2015-06-16. 
  9. ^ Sanderson, Peter (2006-05-16). "Comics in Context #133: Swinging Down Broadway - IGN". Comics.ign.com. Retrieved 2015-06-16. 
  10. ^ Daniels, Les; Kidd, Chip (1998). Superman: The Complete History: The Life and Times of the Man of Steel. London: Titan. p. 17. ISBN 1-85286-988-7. 
  11. ^ "Superman: 1933 - 1938". The Superman Super Site. Retrieved 2015-06-16. 
  12. ^ "News - Comicdom Online". Comicdom.gr. Retrieved 2015-06-16. 
  13. ^ "Science Fiction". George A. Smathers Libraries. Retrieved 2015-06-16. 
  14. ^ "Reign of the Superman : Jerry Siegel; Joe Shuster : Free Download & Streaming : Internet Archive". Archive.org. Retrieved 2015-06-16. 

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