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First Head-mounted display and 3d game (1965) - The Sword of Damocles
First Head-mounted display and 3d game (1965) - The Sword of Damocles
Published: 2014/11/26
Channel: Ultimate History of Videogames
History of Virtual Reality - Reality Check
History of Virtual Reality - Reality Check
Published: 2014/11/02
Channel: GameSpot
Evolution of Virtual Reality
Evolution of Virtual Reality
Published: 2017/02/17
Channel: Quest For Tech
Head Mounted Display
Head Mounted Display
Published: 2011/05/27
Channel: Randall Packer
Trailer for Seekers Of Damocles, VR Sword Fighting Game
Trailer for Seekers Of Damocles, VR Sword Fighting Game
Published: 2016/07/26
Channel: Dun Mao
The history of VR
The history of VR
Published: 2016/03/30
Channel: CNET
VR Sword Fighting in Seekers of Damocles!
VR Sword Fighting in Seekers of Damocles!
Published: 2016/07/27
Channel: ForceKin Gaming
Ivan Sutherland - Head Mounted Display
Ivan Sutherland - Head Mounted Display
Published: 2014/03/03
Channel: Giulio Di Vico
Sword of Damocles
Sword of Damocles
Published: 2011/12/16
Channel: Rodolfo Castrellon
A Brief History of VR and The Oculus Rift - Fractional Bruce
A Brief History of VR and The Oculus Rift - Fractional Bruce
Published: 2016/02/27
Channel: Fractional Bruce
The Sword of Damocles
The Sword of Damocles
Published: 2015/10/11
Channel: Elijah Campian
The Story of VR - A Look at the History Behind Virtual Reality
The Story of VR - A Look at the History Behind Virtual Reality
Published: 2016/08/14
Channel: Kindly Keyin
History Sword of Damocles video project
History Sword of Damocles video project
Published: 2016/11/20
Channel: Travis Froboese
Sword master VR: Fighting the boss for the first time / HTC VIVE VR / [1080p/60fps]
Sword master VR: Fighting the boss for the first time / HTC VIVE VR / [1080p/60fps]
Published: 2016/12/03
Channel: Press start to begin
S.A.O. Demo v0.1 playthrough
S.A.O. Demo v0.1 playthrough
Published: 2016/03/28
Channel: Dun Mao
HTC Vive - Virtual Reality - Sword and Shield Fighting Game
HTC Vive - Virtual Reality - Sword and Shield Fighting Game
Published: 2016/08/30
Channel: YouVisio
S.O.D. Update - new demo include ArmSwinger and Run in place
S.O.D. Update - new demo include ArmSwinger and Run in place
Published: 2016/07/30
Channel: Dun Mao
The Future of Virtual Reality: Crash Course Games #21
The Future of Virtual Reality: Crash Course Games #21
Published: 2016/09/23
Channel: CrashCourse
Valkyrie Blade VR (gameplay) Free swordfight game for HTC VIVE [1080p/60fps]
Valkyrie Blade VR (gameplay) Free swordfight game for HTC VIVE [1080p/60fps]
Published: 2017/04/18
Channel: Press start to begin
VR Headsets As Fast As Possible - New 2017
VR Headsets As Fast As Possible - New 2017
Published: 2017/02/20
Channel: Julia Gatler
Ivan Sutherland   Virtual  Reality in the 1960
Ivan Sutherland Virtual Reality in the 1960's
Published: 2015/09/28
Channel: Mobile Year Zero
Swordfighting VR Game
Swordfighting VR Game
Published: 2017/01/06
Channel: Seanna Musgrave
[넥슨컴퓨터박물관] 웨어러블 컴퓨터(Wearable Computer) 전시
[넥슨컴퓨터박물관] 웨어러블 컴퓨터(Wearable Computer) 전시
Published: 2015/08/19
Channel: nexoncomputermuseum
ABSOLUTELY INSANE SWORD FIGHTS IN VIRTUAL REALITY || Vanishing Realms Gameplay/Playthrough Episode 2
ABSOLUTELY INSANE SWORD FIGHTS IN VIRTUAL REALITY || Vanishing Realms Gameplay/Playthrough Episode 2
Published: 2016/11/14
Channel: Cheru
Hidden History of Virtual Reality
Hidden History of Virtual Reality
Published: 2017/01/12
Channel: Mashable
VR Fencing Swordfighting (with actual swords)
VR Fencing Swordfighting (with actual swords)
Published: 2017/01/13
Channel: sharon gao
VR to Pipesmoking Cowboy Chris
VR to Pipesmoking Cowboy Chris
Published: 2016/04/07
Channel: ParsonRick
How Old is Virtual Reality? | Game/Show | PBS Digital Studios
How Old is Virtual Reality? | Game/Show | PBS Digital Studios
Published: 2016/03/22
Channel: PBS Game/Show
Mervils: A VR Adventure | Combat Preview
Mervils: A VR Adventure | Combat Preview
Published: 2016/07/06
Channel: VitruviusVR
LOVING SWORD FIGHTING IN VR | SwordMaster VR (VIVE)
LOVING SWORD FIGHTING IN VR | SwordMaster VR (VIVE)
Published: 2017/04/08
Channel: VRreando
VR fighting game——The One
VR fighting game——The One
Published: 2016/01/18
Channel: Sureal VR
Saber VR - A sci fi sword fighting game for vive early ingame test
Saber VR - A sci fi sword fighting game for vive early ingame test
Published: 2016/06/06
Channel: James Oliver
Grown man playing virtual reality ninja swordfighting game
Grown man playing virtual reality ninja swordfighting game
Published: 2014/02/13
Channel: JamaicanRotweiller
VR Sword Fight Game
VR Sword Fight Game
Published: 2016/05/01
Channel: Dun Mao
[ Sword Master VR ] Realistic virtual reality sword fighting
[ Sword Master VR ] Realistic virtual reality sword fighting
Published: 2016/12/20
Channel: Hot Dogs movie
Sword Master VR: Beta (Vive) - Live Stream
Sword Master VR: Beta (Vive) - Live Stream
Published: 2016/09/12
Channel: HardCorey Gamer
Sword Art Omni Demo Trailer
Sword Art Omni Demo Trailer
Published: 2016/03/28
Channel: Dun Mao
VR to Pipesmoking Cowboy Chris
VR to Pipesmoking Cowboy Chris
Published: 2016/04/06
Channel: Harleyman Piper
FLAMING SWORD!!! Acan
FLAMING SWORD!!! Acan's Call: Act 1 MIXED REALITY MR/VR/AR/PSVR [Co-op Sisters] GTX 970 G1
Published: 2016/08/19
Channel: Co-Op Sisters VR
ShareVR: Enabling Co-Located Experiences for Virtual Reality between HMD and Non-HMD Users
ShareVR: Enabling Co-Located Experiences for Virtual Reality between HMD and Non-HMD Users
Published: 2017/05/02
Channel: ACM SIGCHI
Sword fighting @ VR Territory
Sword fighting @ VR Territory
Published: 2016/07/25
Channel: VR Territory Virtual Reality Gaming Center
Virtual Reality Sword Fighting | GrowpoVR
Virtual Reality Sword Fighting | GrowpoVR
Published: 2016/07/30
Channel: Growpo
FREE SWORDFIGHTING GAME / Let
FREE SWORDFIGHTING GAME / Let's play Acan's call Act1 / HTC VIVE VR / [1080p/60fps]
Published: 2016/08/16
Channel: Press start to begin
Spell Fighter VR: Sword Dropping Simulator 2016
Spell Fighter VR: Sword Dropping Simulator 2016
Published: 2016/06/26
Channel: Mjp11111
Sword Master VR
Sword Master VR
Published: 2016/09/13
Channel: acherem13
La industria de la Humillación - Monica Lewinsky 2015 subtitulado español inglés
La industria de la Humillación - Monica Lewinsky 2015 subtitulado español inglés
Published: 2015/03/23
Channel: Alfabeta Digital
The VR Shop - NASA VIEW HMD - Retro VR
The VR Shop - NASA VIEW HMD - Retro VR
Published: 2015/09/19
Channel: The VR Shop
Favorite Fighting Games?
Favorite Fighting Games?
Published: 2016/05/18
Channel: TheGabrielSin
VR Sleuthing in SVRVIVE!
VR Sleuthing in SVRVIVE!
Published: 2016/08/03
Channel: ForceKin Gaming
Tech Talk: The Opportunities of Virtual and Augmented Reality with Jonathan Strickland
Tech Talk: The Opportunities of Virtual and Augmented Reality with Jonathan Strickland
Published: 2015/02/25
Channel: Big Nerd Ranch
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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The Sword of Damocles[1] is widely considered to be the first virtual reality (VR) head-mounted display (HMD) system. It was created in 1968 by computer scientist Ivan Sutherland with the help of his student Bob Sproull. Before he began working toward what he termed "the ultimate display",[2] Ivan Sutherland was already well respected for his accomplishments in computer graphics (see Sketchpad). At MIT's Lincoln Laboratory beginning in 1966, Sutherland and his colleagues performed what is widely believed to be the first experiments with head-mounted displays of different kinds.

Features[edit]

The device was primitive both in terms of user interface and realism, and the graphics comprising the virtual environment were simple wireframe rooms. Sutherland's system displayed output from a computer program in the stereoscopic display. The perspective that the software showed the user would depend on the position of the user's gaze—which is why head tracking was necessary. The weight of Sutherland's HMD, and the need to track the head movements necessitated the HMD being attached to a mechanical arm suspended from the ceiling of the lab. The formidable appearance of the mechanism inspired its name. While using The Sword of Damocles, a user had to have his or her head securely fastened into the device to perform the experiments. At this time, the various components being tested were not fully integrated with one another.[3]

Development[edit]

When Sutherland moved to the University of Utah in the late 1960s, work on integrating the various components into a single HMD system was begun. By the end of the decade, the first fully functional integrated HMD system was operational. The first display application was a cube suspended in the air in front of the user. The system itself consisted of six subsystems: a clipping divider, matrix multiplier, vector generator, headset, head position sensor, and a general-purpose computer—which would make these the components of the first virtual reality machine as we know them today. The unit was partially see-through, so the users were not completely cut off from their surroundings.[3] This translucence combined with the other features in their infancy is why the system is often cited as a precursor to augmented reality technology as well.

Philco HMD[edit]

Kalawsky contends that the first HMD fieldwork was conducted by Philco in 1961. Their system used a head mounted display to monitor conditions in another room, using magnetic tracking to monitor the user's head movements. The Philco HMD displayed actual video from a remotely mounted camera. The position of the camera was moved according to the tracked head movements, creating a sense of telepresence.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sutherland, I. E. (1968). "A head-mounted three dimensional display". Proceedings of AFIPS 68, pp. 757-764
  2. ^ Sutherland, I. E. (1965). "The Ultimate Display". Proceedings of IFIP 65, vol 2, pp. 506-508
  3. ^ a b Rheingold, H. (1992). Virtual Reality, Simon & Schuster, New York, N.Y.
  4. ^ Kalawsky, R. S. (1993). The Science of Virtual Reality and Virtual Environments: A Technical, Scientific and Engineering Reference on Virtual Environments, Addison-Wesley, Wokingham, England ; Reading, Mass.

External links[edit]

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