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First Head-mounted display and 3d game (1965) - The Sword of Damocles
First Head-mounted display and 3d game (1965) - The Sword of Damocles
Published: 2014/11/26
Channel: Ultimate History of Videogames
History of Virtual Reality - Reality Check
History of Virtual Reality - Reality Check
Published: 2014/11/02
Channel: GameSpot
Virtual Reality Before it Had That Name
Virtual Reality Before it Had That Name
Published: 2017/07/05
Channel: Computer History Museum
Ivan Sutherland - Head Mounted Display
Ivan Sutherland - Head Mounted Display
Published: 2014/03/03
Channel: Giulio Di Vico
Head Mounted Display
Head Mounted Display
Published: 2011/05/27
Channel: Randall Packer
Evolution of Virtual Reality
Evolution of Virtual Reality
Published: 2017/02/17
Channel: Quest For Tech
Ivan Sutherland
Ivan Sutherland's Trojan Cockroach Demo
Published: 2016/05/12
Channel: Daniel Pillis
First Head mounted display 1965 The Sword of Damocles
First Head mounted display 1965 The Sword of Damocles
Published: 2016/08/30
Channel: Andrey Klimenko
A Brief History of VR and The Oculus Rift - Fractional Bruce
A Brief History of VR and The Oculus Rift - Fractional Bruce
Published: 2016/02/27
Channel: Fractional Bruce
Ivan Sutherland
Ivan Sutherland's Trojan Cockroach
Published: 2016/01/10
Channel: Daniel Pillis
Ivan Sutherland   Virtual  Reality in the 1960
Ivan Sutherland Virtual Reality in the 1960's
Published: 2015/09/28
Channel: Mobile Year Zero
Dragon Skies VR - Crafting Mechanics are Implemented!
Dragon Skies VR - Crafting Mechanics are Implemented!
Published: 2016/10/22
Channel: Fox Leap
Virtual Reality Sword Fighting | GrowpoVR
Virtual Reality Sword Fighting | GrowpoVR
Published: 2016/07/30
Channel: Growpo
How Old is Virtual Reality? | Game/Show | PBS Digital Studios
How Old is Virtual Reality? | Game/Show | PBS Digital Studios
Published: 2016/03/22
Channel: PBS Game/Show
Trailer for Seekers Of Damocles, VR Sword Fighting Game
Trailer for Seekers Of Damocles, VR Sword Fighting Game
Published: 2016/07/26
Channel: Dun Mao
VR Sword Fighting in Seekers of Damocles!
VR Sword Fighting in Seekers of Damocles!
Published: 2016/07/27
Channel: ForceKin Gaming
HTC Vive - Virtual Reality - Sword and Shield Fighting Game
HTC Vive - Virtual Reality - Sword and Shield Fighting Game
Published: 2016/08/30
Channel: YouVisio
Hidden History of Virtual Reality
Hidden History of Virtual Reality
Published: 2017/01/12
Channel: Mashable
VR Fencing Swordfighting (with actual swords)
VR Fencing Swordfighting (with actual swords)
Published: 2017/01/13
Channel: sharon gao
Sword Fighting | GrowpoVR
Sword Fighting | GrowpoVR
Published: 2016/07/30
Channel: Growpo
ABSOLUTELY INSANE SWORD FIGHTS IN VIRTUAL REALITY || Vanishing Realms Gameplay/Playthrough Episode 2
ABSOLUTELY INSANE SWORD FIGHTS IN VIRTUAL REALITY || Vanishing Realms Gameplay/Playthrough Episode 2
Published: 2016/11/14
Channel: Cheru
Daughter Plays - Sword Master VR
Daughter Plays - Sword Master VR
Published: 2016/09/15
Channel: MasterGamingVR
Valkyrie Blade VR
Valkyrie Blade VR
Published: 2017/04/14
Channel: hihi12101
failed virtual reality technologies
failed virtual reality technologies
Published: 2016/05/06
Channel: AllBusinessVideos
The Story of VR - A Look at the History Behind Virtual Reality
The Story of VR - A Look at the History Behind Virtual Reality
Published: 2016/08/14
Channel: Kindly Keyin
Valkyrie Blade VR (gameplay) Free swordfight game for HTC VIVE [1080p/60fps]
Valkyrie Blade VR (gameplay) Free swordfight game for HTC VIVE [1080p/60fps]
Published: 2017/04/18
Channel: Press start to begin
FLAMING SWORD!!! Acan
FLAMING SWORD!!! Acan's Call: Act 1 MIXED REALITY MR/VR/AR/PSVR [Co-op Sisters] GTX 970 G1
Published: 2016/08/19
Channel: Co-Op Sisters VR
Swordfighting VR Game
Swordfighting VR Game
Published: 2017/01/06
Channel: Seanna Musgrave
Grown man playing virtual reality ninja swordfighting game
Grown man playing virtual reality ninja swordfighting game
Published: 2014/02/13
Channel: JamaicanRotweiller
Sword master VR: Fighting the boss for the first time / HTC VIVE VR / [1080p/60fps]
Sword master VR: Fighting the boss for the first time / HTC VIVE VR / [1080p/60fps]
Published: 2016/12/03
Channel: Press start to begin
Valkyrie Blade VR  Trailer 2
Valkyrie Blade VR Trailer 2
Published: 2017/04/08
Channel: SteamTrailers
Sword fighting @ VR Territory
Sword fighting @ VR Territory
Published: 2016/07/25
Channel: VR Territory Virtual Reality Gaming Center
Spell Fighter VR: Sword Dropping Simulator 2016
Spell Fighter VR: Sword Dropping Simulator 2016
Published: 2016/06/26
Channel: Mjp11111
When Did Virtual Reality Enter the Movies?
When Did Virtual Reality Enter the Movies?
Published: 2017/08/31
Channel: Dust
VR fighting game——The One
VR fighting game——The One
Published: 2016/01/18
Channel: Sureal VR
Presence within virtual environments
Presence within virtual environments
Published: 2014/06/25
Channel: Jason Lauchlan
[ Sword Master VR ] Realistic virtual reality sword fighting
[ Sword Master VR ] Realistic virtual reality sword fighting
Published: 2016/12/20
Channel: Hot Dogs movie
Epic Sword Fighting Battles! VALKYRIE BLADE VR (VIVE)
Epic Sword Fighting Battles! VALKYRIE BLADE VR (VIVE)
Published: 2017/03/30
Channel: VRreando
Medival dualing in Vr
Medival dualing in Vr
Published: 2016/05/15
Channel: Carbonsheild
Virtual Reality on your self-build doorstep
Virtual Reality on your self-build doorstep
Published: 2017/05/16
Channel: selfbuildireland
Saber VR - A sci fi sword fighting game for vive early ingame test
Saber VR - A sci fi sword fighting game for vive early ingame test
Published: 2016/06/06
Channel: James Oliver
VR to Pipesmoking Cowboy Chris
VR to Pipesmoking Cowboy Chris
Published: 2016/04/07
Channel: ParsonRick
[넥슨컴퓨터박물관] 웨어러블 컴퓨터(Wearable Computer) 전시
[넥슨컴퓨터박물관] 웨어러블 컴퓨터(Wearable Computer) 전시
Published: 2015/08/19
Channel: nexoncomputermuseum
VRG - Ivan Sutherland - Head Mounted Display
VRG - Ivan Sutherland - Head Mounted Display
Published: 2016/08/09
Channel: VRG
Virtuality SU3000 Head Mounted Display Adjustment Instructions
Virtuality SU3000 Head Mounted Display Adjustment Instructions
Published: 2009/10/05
Channel: Hidden Below
The Future of Virtual Reality: Crash Course Games #21
The Future of Virtual Reality: Crash Course Games #21
Published: 2016/09/23
Channel: CrashCourse
VR Headsets As Fast As Possible
VR Headsets As Fast As Possible
Published: 2016/03/23
Channel: Techquickie
EPL202 Fall 2015 Optical Head-Mounted Display
EPL202 Fall 2015 Optical Head-Mounted Display
Published: 2015/12/07
Channel: Markos Panayiotou
FREE SWORDFIGHTING GAME / Let
FREE SWORDFIGHTING GAME / Let's play Acan's call Act1 / HTC VIVE VR / [1080p/60fps]
Published: 2016/08/16
Channel: Press start to begin
Google Cardboard VR 3D Blender
Google Cardboard VR 3D Blender
Published: 2016/11/06
Channel: jordi3736
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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The Sword of Damocles[1] is widely considered to be the first virtual reality (VR) head-mounted display (HMD) system. It was created in 1968 by computer scientist Ivan Sutherland with the help of his student Bob Sproull. Before he began working toward what he termed "the ultimate display",[2] Ivan Sutherland was already well respected for his accomplishments in computer graphics (see Sketchpad). At MIT's Lincoln Laboratory beginning in 1966, Sutherland and his colleagues performed what is widely believed to be the first experiments with head-mounted displays of different kinds.

Features[edit]

The device was primitive both in terms of user interface and realism, and the graphics comprising the virtual environment were simple wireframe rooms. Sutherland's system displayed output from a computer program in the stereoscopic display. The perspective that the software showed the user would depend on the position of the user's gaze—which is why head tracking was necessary. The weight of Sutherland's HMD, and the need to track the head movements necessitated the HMD being attached to a mechanical arm suspended from the ceiling of the lab. The formidable appearance of the mechanism inspired its name. While using The Sword of Damocles, a user had to have his or her head securely fastened into the device to perform the experiments. At this time, the various components being tested were not fully integrated with one another.[3]

Development[edit]

When Sutherland moved to the University of Utah in the late 1960s, work on integrating the various components into a single HMD system was begun. By the end of the decade, the first fully functional integrated HMD system was operational. The first display application was a cube suspended in the air in front of the user. The system itself consisted of six subsystems: a clipping divider, matrix multiplier, vector generator, headset, head position sensor, and a general-purpose computer—which would make these the components of the first virtual reality machine as we know them today. The unit was partially see-through, so the users were not completely cut off from their surroundings.[3] This translucence combined with the other features in their infancy is why the system is often cited as a precursor to augmented reality technology as well.

Philco HMD[edit]

Kalawsky contends that the first HMD fieldwork was conducted by Philco in 1961. Their system used a head mounted display to monitor conditions in another room, using magnetic tracking to monitor the user's head movements. The Philco HMD displayed actual video from a remotely mounted camera. The position of the camera was moved according to the tracked head movements, creating a sense of telepresence.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sutherland, I. E. (1968). "A head-mounted three dimensional display". Proceedings of AFIPS 68, pp. 757-764
  2. ^ Sutherland, I. E. (1965). "The Ultimate Display". Proceedings of IFIP 65, vol 2, pp. 506-508
  3. ^ a b Rheingold, H. (1992). Virtual Reality, Simon & Schuster, New York, N.Y.
  4. ^ Kalawsky, R. S. (1993). The Science of Virtual Reality and Virtual Environments: A Technical, Scientific and Engineering Reference on Virtual Environments, Addison-Wesley, Wokingham, England ; Reading, Mass.

External links[edit]

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