20 August 2013 front page of the Kolkata edition of The Times of India
|Owner(s)||The Times Group|
|Publisher||The Times Group|
|Associate editor||Jug Suraiya|
|Founded||3 November 1838|
|Headquarters||The Times of India Building, Dr. D.N. Road, Mumbai-400001, India|
|Sister newspapers||The Economic Times
The Times of India (TOI) is an Indian English-language daily newspaper. In 2008, the newspaper reported that with a circulation of over 3.14 million it had been certified by the Audit Bureau of Circulations (India) as the world's largest selling English-language daily, ranking it as the third largest selling newspaper in any language in the world and the largest selling newspaper outside Japan. According to the Indian Readership Survey (IRS) 2012, the Times of India is the most widely read English newspaper in India with a readership of 7.643 million. This ranks the Times of India as the top English daily in India by readership. It is owned and published by Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. which is owned by the Sahu Jain family.
The Times of India was founded on 3 November 1838 as The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce in Bombay.  Published every Saturday and Wednesday, The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce was launched as a semi-weekly edition by Raobahadur Narayan Dinanath Velkar, a Maharashtrian Reformist. It contained news from Britain and the world, as well as the Indian Subcontinent. The daily editions of the paper were started from 1850.
In 1860, Robert Knight (1825–1892) the then editor bought out the Indian shareholders and merged with the rival Bombay Standard, and started India's first news agency. It wired Times dispatches to papers across the country and became the Indian agent for Reuters news service. In 1861, he changed the name from the Bombay Times and Standard to The Times of India. Knight fought for a press free of prior restraint or intimidation, frequently resisting the attempts by governments, business interests, and cultural spokesmen and led the paper to national prominence. . In the 19th century, this newspaper company employed more than 800 people and had a sizeable circulation in India and Europe.
Subsequently, The Times of India saw its ownership change several times till in 1892, Thomas Bennett and Frank Morris Coleman (who drowned in the sinking of the SS Persia (1900) in 1915) acquired the newspaper through a new company they had formed Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. In 1946, they sold the company to sugar magnate Ramkrishna Dalmya, of the then famous industrial family of Dalmiyas), for Rs 20 million. In 1948, Dalmiya had to sell the newspaper to his son-in-law Sahu Shanti Prasad Jain (of the Kunal Jain group from Bijnore, Uttar Pradesh) to pay off a debt that he owed to an insurance company.
In the early 1960s, Jain was imprisoned on charges of selling newsprint on the black market, and the Government of India took over the newspaper replacing half of the directors and appointing Bombay High Court judge as the Chairman.In 1976, during the the emergency in India, the ownership of the newspaper was transferred back to Ashok Jain (Shanti Prasad’s son and the father of Samir Jain and Vineet Jain). 
The Times of India is published by the media group Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. This company, along with its other group companies, known as The Times Group, also publishes The Economic Times, Mumbai Mirror, Pune Mirror, Bangalore Mirror, Ahmedabad Mirror, the Navbharat Times (a Hindi-language daily broadsheet), the Maharashtra Times (a Marathi-language daily broadsheet), Delhi Times, Bangalore Times and Ei Samay (a Bengali daily).
The Times of India has its markets in major cities such as Mumbai , Delhi, Chennai, Kolkata, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Indore, Jaipur, Ahmedabad, Surat, Coimbatore, Madurai, Trichy, Puducherry, Patna, Pune, Calicut, Kochi, Lucknow, Nagpur, Nashik, Panaji, Mysore, Hubli, Mangalore, Bhubaneswar, Visakhapatnam, Chandigarh, Raipur, Ranchi, Guwahati, Trivandrum, Aurangabad, Kolhapur, Bhopal and Varanasi
In late 2006, Times Group acquired Vijayanand Printers Limited (VPL). VPL used to publish two Kannada newspapers, Vijay Karnataka and Usha Kiran, and an English daily, Vijay Times. Vijay Karnataka was the leader in the Kannada newspaper segment then.
In April 2008, the Chennai edition was launched. The paper's main rivals in India are Hindustan Times,The Indian Express" and The Hindu, which hold second and third and fourth position by circulation.
In February 2013, the Kolhapur edition was launched.
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