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The Village Voice "New York Types"
The Village Voice "New York Types"
Published: 2012/06/04
Channel: Leo Burnett
John Lennon & his bitchy letter to THE VILLAGE VOICE
John Lennon & his bitchy letter to THE VILLAGE VOICE
Published: 2008/02/09
Channel: cavettbiter
Hitchens
Hitchens '09: The Village Voice
Published: 2011/11/29
Channel: nightjarflying
Village Voice - Üksinda
Village Voice - Üksinda
Published: 2014/02/22
Channel: piprapiri
VILLAGE VOICE - Üksinda
VILLAGE VOICE - Üksinda
Published: 2015/01/02
Channel: VIINmusic
Village Voice - Tähisöö Dance Edit
Village Voice - Tähisöö Dance Edit
Published: 2016/10/30
Channel: piprapiri
Funny! David Sedaris at The Village Voice
Funny! David Sedaris at The Village Voice
Published: 2011/11/30
Channel: nightjarflying
@rkelly addresses #askRkelly and the @villagevoice news article
@rkelly addresses #askRkelly and the @villagevoice news article
Published: 2013/12/21
Channel: Lovelyti's News Network
SMURFS: THE LOST VILLAGE Voice Cast B-roll - Behind The Scenes (2017) Animated Comedy Movie HD
SMURFS: THE LOST VILLAGE Voice Cast B-roll - Behind The Scenes (2017) Animated Comedy Movie HD
Published: 2017/03/31
Channel: Comicbook.com
Go BEHIND THE SCENES On Smurfs The Lost Village - Voice Actors
Go BEHIND THE SCENES On Smurfs The Lost Village - Voice Actors
Published: 2017/03/31
Channel: Flicks And The City Clips
The Village voice review on Tanya
The Village voice review on Tanya
Published: 2017/05/10
Channel: Reporter
The Village Voice "New York Writes Itself"
The Village Voice "New York Writes Itself"
Published: 2013/03/02
Channel: Leo Burnett
The Village Voice 4Knots Music Festival 2012
The Village Voice 4Knots Music Festival 2012
Published: 2012/08/22
Channel: VVMTV
Nat Hentoff on The Village Voice and the Cato Institute
Nat Hentoff on The Village Voice and the Cato Institute
Published: 2011/08/04
Channel: The Cato Institute
New York Writes Itself and Village Voice 2011
New York Writes Itself and Village Voice 2011
Published: 2012/05/28
Channel: Canning Antill
Village Voice
Village Voice
Published: 2012/12/17
Channel: Carl Erhart
Christopher Hitchens - At The Village Voice Bookshop [2009]
Christopher Hitchens - At The Village Voice Bookshop [2009]
Published: 2012/08/04
Channel: CaNANDian
[Undertale + Voice Acting] TEMMIE!!!!!!
[Undertale + Voice Acting] TEMMIE!!!!!!
Published: 2016/06/25
Channel: Timber Puppers
"Smurfs: The Lost Village" Voice Actors and Characters
"Smurfs: The Lost Village" Voice Actors and Characters
Published: 2017/06/29
Channel: Cine Rewind
24. THE VILLAGE VOICE "New York Types"
24. THE VILLAGE VOICE "New York Types"
Published: 2012/05/31
Channel: CannesPredictions
The Village Voice Presents: New York Writes Itself (Trailer)
The Village Voice Presents: New York Writes Itself (Trailer)
Published: 2012/06/13
Channel: newyorkwritesitself
The Village Voice Disses My Art (& It
The Village Voice Disses My Art (& It's Hilarious!!)
Published: 2017/05/08
Channel: FunnyChloeMichelle
The Village Voice, Charity, Fun, Fraud & the reason for our being!
The Village Voice, Charity, Fun, Fraud & the reason for our being!
Published: 2015/07/05
Channel: Melbourne Truths
Tegan and Sara at the Village Voice Pride Awards announcement
Tegan and Sara at the Village Voice Pride Awards announcement
Published: 2017/06/28
Channel: Indie Rain
The Village Voice Fifty-Seventh Annual Obie Awards 2012
The Village Voice Fifty-Seventh Annual Obie Awards 2012
Published: 2012/08/22
Channel: VVMTV
The Village Voice: A visit to Sonahalli in Karnataka (Aired: February 1998)
The Village Voice: A visit to Sonahalli in Karnataka (Aired: February 1998)
Published: 2014/03/02
Channel: NDTV
The Village Voice - A vote divided (Aired: February 1998)
The Village Voice - A vote divided (Aired: February 1998)
Published: 2014/02/24
Channel: NDTV
VILLAGE VOICE  Sossi Klubi-s (live)
VILLAGE VOICE Sossi Klubi-s (live)
Published: 2017/01/15
Channel: piprapiri
Village Voice / New York Writes Itself present: New York Types - A short film
Village Voice / New York Writes Itself present: New York Types - A short film
Published: 2012/06/13
Channel: newyorkwritesitself
The Village Voice: A visit to Kallar in Kerala (Aired: February 1998)
The Village Voice: A visit to Kallar in Kerala (Aired: February 1998)
Published: 2014/03/10
Channel: NDTV
Countdown - Village Voice Michael Musto 09 01 2009
Countdown - Village Voice Michael Musto 09 01 2009
Published: 2009/09/02
Channel: Roch Lester
Village Voice Choice Eats
Village Voice Choice Eats
Published: 2016/01/29
Channel: Kathryn Sheldon
Pavesini Village . voice by Violetta tv spot
Pavesini Village . voice by Violetta tv spot
Published: 2014/06/17
Channel: RED ROSE Productions music for ADV
Julia Allison and the Village Voice
Julia Allison and the Village Voice's Lynn Yaeger
Published: 2008/11/05
Channel: Time Out New York
Michal Turtle - Village Voice
Michal Turtle - Village Voice
Published: 2014/10/22
Channel: Rusting Shells
Village Voice - HOIA MUL KÄEST
Village Voice - HOIA MUL KÄEST
Published: 2016/03/12
Channel: piprapiri
HEIDI & Village Voice - SÜNNIPÄEVALAULUKE
HEIDI & Village Voice - SÜNNIPÄEVALAULUKE
Published: 2015/05/30
Channel: piprapiri
The Village Voice Presents: 4Knots Music Festival
The Village Voice Presents: 4Knots Music Festival
Published: 2011/07/19
Channel: VVMTV
The Drums Best Friend Live at The Village Voice 4Knots Music Festival July 14, 2012
The Drums Best Friend Live at The Village Voice 4Knots Music Festival July 14, 2012
Published: 2012/07/15
Channel: USPinoy72
Scenes from a village 60 - The voice of the village
Scenes from a village 60 - The voice of the village
Published: 2014/03/27
Channel: andrewnorris2
Daniel Mendelsohn reading at the Village Voice Bookshop in Paris
Daniel Mendelsohn reading at the Village Voice Bookshop in Paris
Published: 2015/04/23
Channel: Yann Hellier
Amor de Lejos Remix Farruko, Mr Kenzo The Village Voice
Amor de Lejos Remix Farruko, Mr Kenzo The Village Voice
Published: 2016/11/14
Channel: Aletor Ozner
The Village Voice Obie Awards 2011
The Village Voice Obie Awards 2011
Published: 2011/06/14
Channel: VVMTV
Smurfs The Lost Village - Voice Actors
Smurfs The Lost Village - Voice Actors
Published: 2017/03/01
Channel: Review Central
The Village Voice New York June 5th, 2007
The Village Voice New York June 5th, 2007
Published: 2007/11/12
Channel: RichieBudd
Kurt Vile & the Violators @ New York City The Village Voice 4Knots Music Festival 2013 June 29, 2013
Kurt Vile & the Violators @ New York City The Village Voice 4Knots Music Festival 2013 June 29, 2013
Published: 2013/07/27
Channel: Tom Florczak
Nigeria Dangote - Village Voice
Nigeria Dangote - Village Voice
Published: 2012/09/28
Channel: dangotegrp
Village Voice: Terza puntata
Village Voice: Terza puntata
Published: 2011/08/30
Channel: GAYinTelevision
A Comic Creation by Mitch O
A Comic Creation by Mitch O'Connell for The Village Voice
Published: 2011/04/06
Channel: John Dixon
The Village Voice Brooklyn Pour Craft Beer Festival 2012
The Village Voice Brooklyn Pour Craft Beer Festival 2012
Published: 2012/10/22
Channel: VVMTV
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Coordinates: 40°43′42″N 73°59′28″W / 40.7283°N 73.9911°W / 40.7283; -73.9911

The Village Voice
Village Voice.jpg
Type Alternative weekly
Format Tabloid
Owner(s) Peter Barbey
Founder(s) Ed Fancher
Dan Wolf
John Wilcock
Norman Mailer
Editor-in-chief Stephen Mooallem
Founded October 26, 1955; 61 years ago (1955-10-26)
Headquarters 80 Maiden Lane
New York City, New York 10038 U.S.[1]
Circulation 120,000 (2016)
ISSN 0042-6180
Website villagevoice.com
The Cooper Square former head office of the paper
Village Voice columnist Nat Hentoff; photo by Tom Pich

The Village Voice is an American news and culture paper, known for being the country's first alternative newsweekly. Founded in 1955 by Dan Wolf, Ed Fancher and Norman Mailer, the Voice began as a platform for the creative community of New York City. Since its founding, The Village Voice has received three Pulitzer Prizes, the National Press Foundation Award and the George Polk Award. The Village Voice has hosted a variety of writers and artists, including writer Ezra Pound, cartoonist Lynda Barry, and art critics Robert Christgau and J. Hoberman. In addition to daily coverage through its website and a weekly print edition that circulates in New York City, the Voice issues a weekly digital edition of its magazine.[2] In October of 2015, The Village Voice changed ownership and severed all ties with former parent company Voice Media Group (VMG). [3]

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

October 1955 cover

The Voice was launched by Ed Fancher, Dan Wolf, John Wilcock, and Norman Mailer[4] on October 26, 1955 from a two-bedroom apartment in Greenwich Village, which was its initial coverage area, expanding to other parts of the city by the 1960s. In the 1960s the offices were located at Sheridan Square; then, from the '70s through 1980, at 11th Street and University Place; and then Broadway and 13th Street. In 1991 they moved to Cooper Square in the East Village, and in 2013, to the Financial District.[5]

Early columnists of the 1950s and 1960s included Jonas Mekas, who explored the underground film movement in his "Film Journal" column; Linda Solomon, who reviewed the Village club scene in the "Riffs" column; and Sam Julty, who wrote a popular column on car ownership and maintenance. John Wilcock wrote a column every week for the paper's first ten years. Another regular from that period was the cartoonist Kin Platt, who did weekly theatrical caricatures. Other prominent regulars have included Peter Schjeldahl, Ellen Willis, Tom Carson, Wayne Barrett, and Richard Goldstein.

The Voice has published investigations of New York City politics, as well as reporting on national politics, with arts, culture, music, dance, film, and theater reviews. Writers for the Voice have received three Pulitzer Prizes: in 1981 (Teresa Carpenter),[6] 1986 (Jules Feiffer)[7] and 2000 (Mark Schoofs).[8] Almost since its inception the paper has recognized alternative theater in New York through its Obie Awards.[9] The paper's "Pazz & Jop" music poll, started by Robert Christgau in the early 1970s, is released annually and remains an influential survey of the nation's music critics. In 1999, film critic J. Hoberman and film section editor Dennis Lim began a similar Village Voice Film Poll for the year in film. In 2001 the paper sponsored its first music festival, Siren Festival, a free annual event every summer held at Coney Island. In 2011, the event moved to the lower tip of Manhattan and re-christened the "4knots Music Festival," a reference to the speed of the East River's current.[10]

Today, the Voice is known for its staunch support for the civil rights of gays, and it publishes an annual Gay Pride issue every June. However, early in its history, the newspaper had a reputation as having an anti-homosexuality slant. While reporting on the Stonewall riots of 1969, the newspaper referred to the riots as "The Great Faggot Rebellion".[11] Two reporters, Smith and Truscott, both used the words "faggot" and "dyke" in their articles about the riots. (These words were not commonly used by homosexuals to refer to each other at this time.) After the riot, the Gay Liberation Front attempted to promote dances for gays and lesbians in the Voice but were not allowed to use the words gay or homosexual, which the newspaper considered derogatory. The newspaper changed their policy after the GLF petitioned the newspaper to do so.[12] Over time, the Voice has changed its stance, and in 1982, the Voice was the second organization in the US known to have extended domestic partner benefits. Jeff Weinstein, an employee of the paper and shop steward for the publishing local of District 65 UAW, negotiated and won agreement in the union contract to extend health, life insurance, and disability benefits to the "spouse equivalents" of its union members.[13]

The paper is mentioned in the musical Rent during the song La Vie Boheme. The line states "To riding your bike midday past the three piece suits, to fruits, to no absolutes; to Absolut; to choice; to The Village Voice, to any passing fad."

Seventeen alternative weeklies around the United States are owned by the Voice's parent company Village Voice Media. In 2005, the Phoenix alternative weekly chain New Times Media purchased the company and took the Village Voice Media name. Previous owners of The Village Voice or of Village Voice Media have included co-founders Fancher[14] and Wolf,[4] New York City Councilman Carter Burden,[4] New York Magazine founder Clay Felker, Rupert Murdoch, and Leonard Stern of the Hartz Mountain empire.

Acquisition by New Times Media[edit]

After The Village Voice was acquired by New Times Media in 2005, the publication's key personnel changed. The Voice was then managed by two journalists from Phoenix, Arizona.

In April 2006, the Voice dismissed music editor Chuck Eddy.[15] Four months later the newspaper fired longtime music critic Robert Christgau. In January 2007, the newspaper fired sex columnist and erotica author Rachel Kramer Bussel; long-term creative director Ted Keller, art director Minh Oung, fashion columnist Lynn Yeager and Deputy Art Director LD Beghtol were laid off or fired soon after. Editor in chief Donald Forst resigned in December 2005. Doug Simmons, his replacement, was fired in March 2006 after it was discovered that a reporter had fabricated portions of an article. Simmons' successor, Erik Wemple, resigned after two weeks. His replacement, David Blum, was fired in March 2007. Tony Ortega then held the position of editor in chief from 2007 to 2012.

The firing of Nat Hentoff, who worked for the paper from 1958 to 2008, led to further criticism of the management by some of its current writers, Hentoff himself, and by the Voice's ideological rival paper National Review, which referred to Hentoff as a "treasure".[16][17] At the end of 2011, Wayne Barrett, who had written for the paper since 1973, was laid off. Fellow muckraking investigative reporter Tom Robbins then resigned in solidarity.[18]

Voice Media Group[edit]

In September 2012, Village Voice Media executives Scott Tobias, Christine Brennan and Jeff Mars bought Village Voice Media's papers and associated web properties from its founders and formed Voice Media Group.[19]

In May 2013, The Village Voice editor Will Bourne and deputy editor Jessica Lustig told The New York Times that they were quitting the paper rather than executing further staff layoffs.[20] Both had been recent hires. The Voice has gone through five editors since 2005. Following Bourne's and Lustig's departure, Village Media Group management fired three of the Voice's longest-serving contributors: gossip and nightlife columnist Michael Musto, restaurant critic Robert Sietsema, and theater critic Michael Feingold, all of whom had been writing for the paper for decades.[21][22][23]

In July 2013, Voice Media Group executives named Tom Finkel as editor.[24]

Current ownership and construction[edit]

In October 2015, Peter Barbey, through the privately-owned investment company Black Walnut Holdings LLC, purchased The Village Voice from Voice Media Group.[25] Barbey is a member of one of America's wealthiest families.[26] The family has had ownership interest in the Reading Eagle, a daily newspaper serving the city of Reading, Pennsylvania and the surrounding region, for many years. Barbey serves as president and CEO of the Reading Eagle Company & holds the same roles at The Village Voice. After taking over ownership of the Voice, Barbey named Joe Levy, formerly of Rolling Stone, as interim editor in chief[27] and Suzan Gursoy, formerly of Ad Week, as publisher.[28] In December 2016, Barbey named Stephen Mooallem, formerly of Harper's Bazaar, as editor in chief.[29]

The Voice's competitors in New York City include New York Observer and Time Out New York. In 1996, after decades of carrying a cover price, the Voice switched from a paid weekly to a free, alternative weekly. The Voice website was a recipient of the National Press Foundation’s Online Journalism Award in 2001[30] and the Editor & Publisher EPpy Award for Best Overall U.S. Newspaper Online Service – Weekly, Community, Alternative & Free in 2003.[31]

The film section writers and editors also produce a weekly Voice Film Club podcast.[32]

Contributors[edit]

The Voice has published columns and works by many well-known writers, including Ezra Pound, Henry Miller, Barbara Garson, Katherine Anne Porter, staff writer and author M.S. Cone, James Baldwin, E.E. Cummings, Nat Hentoff, staff writer and author Ted Hoagland, William Bastone of thesmokinggun.com, Colson Whitehead, Nelson George, Greg Tate, Barry Cooper, Peter Noel, Tom Stoppard, Lorraine Hansberry, Lester Bangs, Catholic activist and author Thomas E. Byers, Allen Ginsberg and Joshua Clover. Former editors have included Clay Felker and Tom Morgan.

The newspaper has also been a host to underground cartoonists. In addition to mainstay Jules Feiffer, whose cartoon ran for decades in the paper until its cancellation in 1996, well-known cartoonists featured in the paper have included R. Crumb, Matt Groening, Lynda Barry, Stan Mack, Mark Alan Stamaty, Ted Rall, Tom Tomorrow, Ward Sutton, Ruben Bolling and M. Wartella.

Awards and honors[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "About Us". Villagevoice.com. Retrieved 2013-11-24. 
  2. ^ Village Voice Flipbooks, The Village Voice. Accessed online December 26, 2016.
  3. ^ http://www.politico.com/media/story/2015/10/village-voice-sold-to-new-owner-004344
  4. ^ a b c Lawrence van Gelder, Dan Wolf, 80, a Village Voice Founder, Dies, The New York Times, April 12, 1996. Accessed online June 2, 2008.
  5. ^ Ladies and Gentlemen, The Village Voice Has Left The Village, Bedford + Bowery. Accessed online September 16, 2013.
  6. ^ The Pulitzer Prize Winners, 1981, official Pulitzer Prize site. Accessed online June 5, 2008.
  7. ^ The Pulitzer Prize Winners, 1986, official Pulitzer Prize site. Accessed online June 5, 2008.
  8. ^ The Pulitzer Prize Winners, 2000, official Pulitzer Prize site. Accessed online June 5, 2008.
  9. ^ [1] Archived December 9, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  10. ^ Johnston, Maura (2011-04-14). "Maura Johnston, "Announcing The 4Knots Music Festival, Taking Place This July 16", The Village Voice Blogs, April 14, 2011". Blogs.villagevoice.com. Retrieved 2013-11-24. 
  11. ^ Spencer, Walter Troy. "Too Much My Dear". Google News. The Village Voice. Retrieved 18 August 2015. 
  12. ^ Stonewall: The Riots That Sparked The Gay Revolution. Carter, David. p. 226.
  13. ^ "DomesticPartners". Web.archive.org. 2009-02-12. Archived from the original on February 12, 2012. Retrieved 2015-06-25. 
  14. ^ "Edwin Fancher Oral History - On founding the Voice". Greenwich Village Society for Historic Preservation. Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  15. ^ Ben Sisario, "Meaty, Beaty, Big and Bloggy: An Online Poll Covets the Territory Once Owned by Pazz & Jop", The New York Times, November 30, 2006. Accessed June 8, 2008.
  16. ^ "Village Voice Lays Off Nat Hentoff and 2 Others". The New York Times, December 30, 2008.
  17. ^ Kathryn Jean Lopez, "The Village Voice". National Review, December 31, 2008.
  18. ^ JEREMY W. PETERS, "[2]". The New York Times, January 4, 2011.
  19. ^ "Village Voice Media Execs Acquire The Company’s Famed Alt Weeklies, Form New Holding Company". Tech Crunch. Retrieved September 27, 2012. 
  20. ^ Carr, David (10 May 2013). "Top Editors Abruptly Leave Village Voice Over Staff Cuts". New York Times. Retrieved May 11, 2013. 
  21. ^ Hallock, Betty (May 17, 2013). "Village Voice 'bloodbath' sends restaurant critic Robert Sietsema packing". Los Angeles Times. 
  22. ^ Kassel, Matthew; Bloomgarden-Smoke, Kara (May 17, 2013). "Longtime writers out at The Village Voice". New York Observer. 
  23. ^ Simonson, Robert (May 20, 2013). "Michael Feingold, longtime critic, let go from Village Voice". Playbill. 
  24. ^ "Tom Finkel Named as Editor of the Village Voice". Blogs.villagevoice.com. 2013-07-08. Retrieved 2013-11-24. 
  25. ^ Santora, Marc (12 October 2015). "Village Voice Sold to Peter Barbey, Owner of a Pennsylvania Newspaper". The New York Times. Retrieved October 18, 2015. 
  26. ^ Dolan, Karen A.; Kroll, Luisa (1 July 2015). "America's Richest Families #48 Barbey family". Forbes. Retrieved October 18, 2015. 
  27. ^ "Village Voice Taps Joe Levy as Interim EIC". www.adweek.com. Retrieved 2017-01-18. 
  28. ^ "Village Voice hires new publisher ahead of 'extensive relaunch'". POLITICO Media. Retrieved 2017-01-18. 
  29. ^ Ember, Sydney (2016-12-05). "The Village Voice Names a New Top Editor, Again". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-01-18. 
  30. ^ Excellence in Online Journalism Award: Past Winners 2000–2006, NPF Awards, National Press Foundation. Accessed online June 2, 2008.
  31. ^ "royal.reliaserve.com". Royal.reliaserve.com. Retrieved 2015-06-25. 
  32. ^ "iTunes - Podcasts - Voice Film Club by The Village Voice". Itunes.apple.com. Retrieved 2015-06-25. 
  33. ^ Jason Zaragoza (13 July 2013). "2013 AAN Awards Winners Announced". Association of Alternative Newsmedia. Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  34. ^ "Awards for Journalism: 2011 Winners". New York Press Club. Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  35. ^ a b c Jason Zaragoza (22 July 2011). "2011 AltWeekly Awards Winners Announced". Association of Alternative Newsmedia. Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  36. ^ a b c d e Jason Zaragoza (16 July 2010). "2010 AltWeekly Awards Winners Announced". Association of Alternative Newsmedia. Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  37. ^ a b Jason Zaragoza (1 July 2008). "Full List of 2009 AltWeekly Awards Winners Released". Association of Alternative Newsmedia. Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  38. ^ "AAN and Medill Announce AltWeekly Awards Winners". Association of Alternative Newsmedia. 7 June 2008. Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  39. ^ "New York Press Club Awards for Journalism". Nypressclub.org. Retrieved 2015-06-25. 
  40. ^ "Alternative Newsweekly Award Winners Announced". The Write News. Writers Write, Inc. June 20, 2003. Retrieved June 1, 2008. 
  41. ^ Heather Kuldell (15 June 2007). "AAN Announces AltWeekly Awards Winners". Association of Alternative Newsmedia. Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  42. ^ American Society of Journalists and Authors. "ASJA.org: Awards History – Donald Robinson Memorial Award for Investigative Journalism". www.asja.org. Retrieved June 1, 2008. 
  43. ^ Carr, Brad. "New York State Bar Association and New York Press Club to Honor News Media Reporting About Law, Legal System – Village Voice and ABC News receive top honors". New York State Bar Association. www.nysba.org. Retrieved June 1, 2008. 
  44. ^ a b Association of Alternative Newsweeklies (May 13, 2002). "Village Voice Wins Berger Award". www.aan.org. Retrieved June 1, 2008. 
  45. ^ a b c d Association of Alternative Newsweeklies. "Alternative Newsweekly Award Winners Announced – Two Sept. 11 Pieces Take First Place, Gambit Weekly Wins Four Firsts". aan.org. Retrieved June 1, 2008. 
  46. ^ National Press Foundation. "The National Press Foundation - NPF Awards - 2001 Award Winner, VillageVoice.com". www.nationalpress.org. Retrieved June 1, 2008. 
  47. ^ The Pulitzer Board. "2000 Pulitzer Prize Winners – INTERNATIONAL REPORTING". www.pulitzer.org. Archived from the original on April 10, 2008. Retrieved June 1, 2008. 
  48. ^ Shaw, David (April 18, 1986). "Denver Post Wins Pulitzer Three Other Newspapers Get Two Prizes Apiece". Los Angeles Times. p. 1. 
  49. ^ "Kiplinger Distinguished Contributions to Journalism Awards". National Press Foundation. Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  50. ^ The Pulitzer Board. "The Pulitzer Prizes for 1981". www.pulitzer.org. Archived from the original on April 3, 2008. Retrieved June 1, 2008. 
  51. ^ Long Island University. "The George Polk Awards for Journalism". www.brooklyn.liu.edu. Retrieved June 1, 2008. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

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