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|The Wonderful World of the Brothers Grimm|
Souvenir program cover
|Directed by||Henry Levin
George Pal (fairy tale sequences)
|Produced by||George Pal|
|Screenplay by||David P. Harmon
|Story by||David P. Harmon|
|Music by||Leigh Harline
Bob Merrill (songs)
|Cinematography||Paul C. Vogel|
|Edited by||Walter A. Thompson|
|George Pal Productions|
Cinerama Releasing Corporation
|Release date(s)||August 7, 1962|
|Running time||135 min|
The Wonderful World of the Brothers Grimm is a 1962 American film directed by Henry Levin and George Pal. The latter was the producer and also in charge of the stop motion animation. The film was one of the highest grossing films of 1962. It won one Oscar and was nominated for three additional Academy Awards. Several prominent actors — including Laurence Harvey, Karlheinz Böhm, Jim Backus, Barbara Eden, and Buddy Hackett — are in the film.
It was filmed in the Cinerama process, which was photographed in an arc with three lenses, on a camera that produced three strips of film. Three projectors, in the back and sides of the theatre, produced a panoramic image on a screen that curved 146 degrees around the front of the audience.
The story focuses on the Grimm brothers, Wilhelm (Laurence Harvey) and Jacob (Karlheinz Böhm), and is biographical and fantastical at the same time. Both are working to finish a history for a local Duke (Oscar Homolka), though Wilhelm is more interested in collecting fairy tales and often spends their money to hear them from locals. Tales such as "The Dancing Princess" and "The Cobbler and the Elves" are integrated into the main plot. One of the tales is told as an experiment to three children in a book store to see if publishing a collection of fairytales has any merit. Another tale, "The Singing Bone", is told by an old woman (Martita Hunt) in the forest who tells stories to children, while the uninvited Wilhelm secretly listens through an open window. The culmination of this tale involves a jeweled dragon and features the most involved usage of the film's special effects.
Eventually, Wilhelm loses the manuscript of the Duke's family history while writing down this third story - he is actually supposed to be collecting additional information for the family history - and the brothers cannot meet their deadline. So they are required to pay their rent, which was waived while they worked. Meanwhile, because he was wading through a stream in an effort to retrieve the manuscript (which fell into the water after his briefcase broke open), Wilhelm becomes critically ill with pneumonia and lies at death's door. He dreams that at night various fairytale characters come to him, begging him to name them before he dies. The experience causes the fever to break and Wilhelm recovers completely, continuing his work as his brother publishes regular books such as a history of German grammar and a book on law. However, Jacob, shaken by his brother's experience, now begins to collaborate on the fairy tales with Wilhelm.
The two are ultimately invited to receive honorary membership at the Berlin Royal Academy, which makes no mention of the tales in their invitation. But as the train pulls into the station and Jacob prepares to make a speech deliberately insulting the Academy for snubbing Wilhelm, hordes of children arrive, chanting, "We want a story!" Wilhelm begins: "Once upon a time, there were two brothers". The children raise their voices in a loud cheer, and the film ends with a caption card that reads "…and they lived happily ever after."
The Wonderful World of the Brothers Grimm was produced and exhibited in the original 3-panel Cinerama widescreen process. It was the first Cinerama feature that attempted to tell a cohesive story, unlike previous productions, which had all been travelogues. It was followed a few months later by a second such film, How the West Was Won, before the notion of using Cinerama for narrative film was abandoned as impractical.
Cinerama Inc, now a unit of Pacific Theatres, had long ago abandoned the process, put the machinery and negatives into storage at their old Forum Theatre in Los Angeles, and sold off the remaining Cinerama travelogue prints to be used as sound spacers. MGM held the elements for How the West Was Won and The Wonderful World of the Brothers Grimm, which they co-produced with Cinerama Inc. When the MGM Library was sold to Ted Turner, all the MGM elements went to the Turner company.
When Turner's Home Video unit released Wonderful World of the Brothers Grimm on VHS and Laserdisc, the film was transferred from an anamorphic 35mm element that was a composite of the 3 Cinerama panels. This video seems to be a general release version, missing the Overture, Prologue, Entr’acte, and Exit Music from the Cinerama roadshow presentation. In the late 1990s, a grass roots Cinerama revival reached from a specially retrofitted theatre in Dayton, Ohio, to the Pictureville Cinema museum in Bradford, England, drawing audiences from throughout the world to see Cinerama films saved or assembled by collectors. Talk of renovating the Seattle Cinerama theatre and Cinerama Dome in Hollywood, with the ongoing ability to show 3-strip Cinerama films, led to discussing the possibility of striking new prints of 3 strip Cinerama features to show there.
While Cinerama Inc, under supervision of former Cinerama Dome manager John Sittig, examined their negatives of This Is Cinerama and discovered they were intact enough to strike a new print, Richard May, then in charge of MGM movies for the Turner organization, was able to report that the negatives for How the West Was Won were all in excellent shape. New Cinerama prints of both features were struck for occasional showings at the Seattle Cinerama, and the Cinerama Dome in Hollywood, while the Pictureville Cinema in Bradford continued to show collected prints scheduled at regular intervals.
When asked about the possibility of striking a new print of Wonderful World of the Brothers Grimm, May said, at that time, that the Grimm negatives had sustained some water damage while in storage, and that the costs of making a new print were prohibitive.
In subsequent years, a good deal of lore and speculation evolved regarding the extent of damage to the Grimm negatives. Some reported the damage as "extensive" while others claimed it a total loss. Many believed that West and Grimm were stored with Pacific's Cinerama titles under less than ideal conditions, and it was often assumed the water damage to Grimm had happened there. The Turner/MGM film library was eventually sold to Warner Bros., but the actual elements had been very carefully stored by the Turner organization for many years.
As the DVD market grew to include Blu-ray, Warner Bros. painstakingly restored and remastered How the West Was Won from the original 3-strip Cinerama negatives, but an interview with George Feltenstein of Turner/Warner's home video unit repeated "extensive water damage" (which he said had occurred in MGM's storage facility before Turner acquired the library) as a reason for not releasing The Wonderful World of the Brothers Grimm. Feltenstein did point out that, having been shot in IB Technicolor, the Grimm elements included protection separation elements of the 3 primary colors, all of which are in fine shape, and can be used to create a new negative. There was not enough apparent sales potential for Grimm, he said, to justify the substantial cost at that time. As film negatives are often stored horizontally and stacked in boxes, it seems unlikely that the entire negative (3 strips for every reel) could have been water damaged unless there had been a rather serious flood. The director of a Cinerama documentary has said he has actually examined the Grimm elements, and - far from being "extensive" - the water damage to the 3 strip negatives was limited to only the far edge of one of the three panels, and even then only on some reels.
In online discussions with film fans, a Warner Home Video spokesman reportedly stated that they would not master Grimm to DVD from the 35mm anamorphic composite used for the Laserdisc because it was a general release version, missing the Overture, Prologue, Entr'acte and Exit music from its original roadshow engagements. Fans had pointed out that this version did not contain the full width of the 3 Cinerama panels.
Meanwhile, Turner's own cable channel Turner Classic Movies (TCM) has been airing Grimm about twice a year, complete with all the elements that were missing from the laserdisc. This sparked a rumor that the film had been "restored." - A Cinerama related website (http://cinerama.topcities.com/wwotbgld.htm) has posted images illustrating the difference between the original 3 panels, the laserdisc, and the current TCM broadcast version - which shows more of the original picture. All the audio elements (Overture, sound for the Prologue, Entr'acte, Exit Music) were readily available, and have been released in a 2 disc CD soundtrack, so the only visual added on TCM showings was about a minute and 19 seconds of picture for the Prologue, and a still shot for the roadshow presentation music. The source of the currently broadcast complete version seen on TCM is still unknown, however, it has since been reported that there is also an existing 65mm negative which contains all 3 panels of the film.
John Mitchell, a private collector who had assembled a Cinerama screen and projectors outside his home in Australia, compiled and carefully saved prints of Cinerama films, including an original IB Technicolor print of Grimm. As Cinerama approaches its 60th anniversary, and the films of How the West Was Won and The Wonderful World of the Brothers Grimm approached their respective 50th anniversaries, it was announced that Mitchell's 3 Strip Cinerama print of Wonderful World of the Brothers Grimm would be shown at a Spring 2012 film festival in Bradford England, and a Cinerama festival in the Fall of 2012 in Hollywood. TCM held another successful film festival in Hollywood in the spring of 2012, which included a special Cinerama screening of How the West Was Won at the Cinerama Dome. At that point, TCM expressed an interest in showing Wonderful World of the Brothers Grimm in Cinerama at the Dome in their 2013 festival.
The Bradford screening in April 2012 of The Wonderful World of the Brothers Grimm marked the first public theatrical presentation of the full Cinerama version in forty years. This print has many splices, (being compiled by Mitchell from several original prints) and some problems reportedly caused by shrinkage in the C (Right side) panel reel early in part one of the movie. Despite these challenges, the film was warmly received, reportedly looking very good in some parts. While Bradford quickly scheduled a second screening of The Wonderful World of the Brothers Grimm for another festival in June 2012, a spokesman for Hollywood's Cinerama Dome reported that the condition of the print made it doubtful that it could be screened there. Unlike Bradford, which still uses classic vertical reel to reel film transport, the Dome runs movies off of platters, which can place extra stress on a fragile print. At that point attention turned to the 65mm composite negative (holding all 3 panels) and the possibility that it could be scanned for a digital screening at the Dome. While not ideal for exhibition, the digital scan could bolster some hope of a video release, or at least a better transfer broadcast on TCM. TCM was reportedly involved in talks to share funding for a new Digital Cinema Print (DCP) to be made from the 65mm negative, but it was decided to screen the actual print at the Dome, so discussion of making a DCP has not led to a commitment or decision as yet.
On September 29 and October 1, 2012, the Cinerama Dome in Hollywood did screen the 3-strip print of The Wonderful World of the Brothers Grimm as part of their 60th Anniversary celebration of Cinerama. Cinerama Inc. spokesman John Sittig reported this was the most requested title at the festival, and both screenings sold out all the most desirable seats well in advance. At the first screening, actor Russ Tamblyn spoke comically about the difficulties of filming in Cinerama.
The screening was interrupted for a few minutes during the opening prologue after a frame alignment issue. Then after the intermission, at the end of the black leader during the entr'acte music, the projector showing the right panel rolled to a stop and burned a hole through the film, causing an approximately 45 minute delay as the projection team worked to synch the 3rd panel with the other two and the soundtrack. The second showing had no picture issues at all, but the sound failed a few minutes into act two. After an approximately 30 minute delay, the picture came back on, with all 3 panels in synch and there were no further problems. These screenings not only pleased existing fans, they won new ones among younger patrons seeing the film and/or Cinerama for the first time.
Worldwide fans also want to have this picture on home video, and a petition surfaced online to gather support for some kind of a DVD or Blu-ray release sometime in the future. (http://www.change.org/petitions/wonderful-world-of-the-brothers-grimm-on-dvdbluray) At the Cinerama festival, a spokesman for Image Trends, the company that has been digitally mastering the Cinerama travelogues for DCP and eventual home video release, stated that they believe they could cost effectively produce a digital version of The Wonderful World of the Brothers Grimm from either the partially damaged 3 strip negs or the 65m composite negative, both of which they have already done with other Cinerama films.
There is still some hope Turner Classic Movies may at least help turn the tide for this film, as the warm reception from the two recent screenings would encourage TCM's desire to show the film at their Hollywood film festival in the spring of 2013. However, given its condition, it is not known whether this print would be available to travel back from England again. There is also some hope among Netflix DVD and streaming subscribers that adding The Wonderful World of the Brothers Grimm to their "saved" list might possibly lead to its being added as a streaming option, which often occurs for older films that may not be considered commercial enough for a DVD release.