Portrait of Theodor von Bischoff (ca. 1870)
Theodor Ludwig Wilhelm von Bischoff (October 28, 1807 in Hannover – December 5, 1882 in Munich) was a German physician and biologist.
Biography [ edit ]
He lectured on
pathological anatomy at Heidelberg (1835-1843) and held professorships in anatomy and physiology at Giessen (1843-1855) and Munich, where he was appointed to the chair of anatomy and physiology in 1854.
His most important contributions were made in
embryology with a series of four exhaustive memoirs on the development of the mammalian ovum; published in 1842 (rabbit), 1845 (dog), 1852 ( guinea pig), and 1854 ( roe deer). His studies concerning animal metabolism by measuring  urea were less successful, as was his research on the anatomy of skull and brain.
He was elected a foreign member of the
Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1878. 
Selected works [ edit ]
Beiträge zur Lehre von den Eyhüllen des menschlichen Fötus, 1834 – Contributions to the study of the human fetus.
Entwickelungsgeschichte der Säugethiere und des Menschen, 1842 – Developmental history of mammals and man.
Entwicklungsgeschichte des kaninchen-eies, 1842 – Developmental history of the rabbit ovum.
Entwicklungsgeschichte des hunde-eies, 1845 – Developmental history of the dog ovum.
Entwicklungsgeschichte des meerschweinchens, 1852 – Developmental history of the guinea pig.
Entwicklungsgeschichte des Rehes, 1854 – Developmental history of the roe deer.
Die Grosshirnwindungen des Menschen : mit Berücksichtigung ihrer Entwicklung bei dem Fötus und ihrer Anordnung bei den Affen, 1868 – The cerebral convolutions of man.
Das Studium und die Ausübung der Medicin durch Frauen, 1872 – The study and practice of medicine by women. 
Grave of Theodor Bischoff at the Alten Südlichen Friedhof in Munich
References [ edit ]
Further reading [ edit ]