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Theoretical linguistics
Theoretical linguistics
Published: 2016/01/07
Channel: Audiopedia
Theoretical Linguistics Class  Final Project   Rev 2
Theoretical Linguistics Class Final Project Rev 2
Published: 2015/12/04
Channel: Julio Enrique Alonso
Linguistics Lecture - UC Berkeley - Introduction to Optimality Theory in Phonology
Linguistics Lecture - UC Berkeley - Introduction to Optimality Theory in Phonology
Published: 2016/11/30
Channel: Nicholas R Rolle
Theoretical Linguistics I
Theoretical Linguistics I
Published: 2017/05/31
Channel: John Jairo Jaramillo Buitrago
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What Is The Theoretical Linguistics?
Published: 2017/09/27
Channel: Another Question II
THEORETICAL LINGUISTICS
THEORETICAL LINGUISTICS
Published: 2014/02/17
Channel: Centro de Educación Virtual
Noam Chomsky - On Being Truly Educated
Noam Chomsky - On Being Truly Educated
Published: 2015/05/26
Channel: The Brainwaves Video Anthology
Brain Waves and Button Presses:  The Role for Experiments in Theoretical Linguistics
Brain Waves and Button Presses: The Role for Experiments in Theoretical Linguistics
Published: 2016/06/02
Channel: castors2007
328. THEORETICAL LINGUISTICS
328. THEORETICAL LINGUISTICS
Published: 2015/10/12
Channel: Diego Roa
Final Project Theoretical Linguistics
Final Project Theoretical Linguistics
Published: 2015/06/08
Channel: Margarita Reyes Torres
9. Linguistics and Literature
9. Linguistics and Literature
Published: 2009/09/01
Channel: YaleCourses
[HeadLex16] King: Theoretical linguistics & grammar engineering as mutually constraining disciplines
[HeadLex16] King: Theoretical linguistics & grammar engineering as mutually constraining disciplines
Published: 2016/08/08
Channel: IPI PAN
Human Language Sentences - Basic Parse Trees, X-Bar Theory & Ambiguity -- Linguistics 101
Human Language Sentences - Basic Parse Trees, X-Bar Theory & Ambiguity -- Linguistics 101
Published: 2011/11/14
Channel: NativLang
The Concept of Language (Noam Chomsky)
The Concept of Language (Noam Chomsky)
Published: 2014/03/13
Channel: UWTV
noam chomsky
noam chomsky's linguistic theory for language acquisition
Published: 2011/07/13
Channel: laura ewings
What is Applied Linguistics? | Definition & History of Applied Linguistics
What is Applied Linguistics? | Definition & History of Applied Linguistics
Published: 2016/11/19
Channel: English Literature Hub
What is Linguistics? | Definition and Branches of Linguistics
What is Linguistics? | Definition and Branches of Linguistics
Published: 2016/11/19
Channel: English Literature Hub
Morphemes - Morphology (Theoretical Linguistics)
Morphemes - Morphology (Theoretical Linguistics)
Published: 2017/06/01
Channel: Lina Maria Abaunza
SYN104 - Generative Grammar
SYN104 - Generative Grammar
Published: 2012/03/19
Channel: The Virtual Linguistics Campus
THE PHRASE - Noun phrase - verb Phrase - Prepositional Phrase - Theoretical linguistics
THE PHRASE - Noun phrase - verb Phrase - Prepositional Phrase - Theoretical linguistics
Published: 2015/12/03
Channel: Andres Sierra
Complex, not complicated: Diane Larsen Freeman on Complexity Theory in Applied Linguistics (Part 3)
Complex, not complicated: Diane Larsen Freeman on Complexity Theory in Applied Linguistics (Part 3)
Published: 2016/05/10
Channel: Oxford University Press ELT
Eng 463 Linguistic Theory
Eng 463 Linguistic Theory
Published: 2015/10/11
Channel: Sarah Magaña
Ferdinand de Saussure and Structural Linguistics
Ferdinand de Saussure and Structural Linguistics
Published: 2014/03/22
Channel: Bella Ross
What is COMPUTATIONAL LINGUISTICS? What does COMPUTATIONAL LINGUISTICS mean?
What is COMPUTATIONAL LINGUISTICS? What does COMPUTATIONAL LINGUISTICS mean?
Published: 2017/02/21
Channel: The Audiopedia
What is LINGUISTIC UNIVERSAL? What does LINGUISTIC UNIVERSAL mean? LINGUISTIC UNIVERSAL meaning
What is LINGUISTIC UNIVERSAL? What does LINGUISTIC UNIVERSAL mean? LINGUISTIC UNIVERSAL meaning
Published: 2017/01/26
Channel: The Audiopedia
Linguistic theory of question - Maria Polinsky
Linguistic theory of question - Maria Polinsky
Published: 2013/12/24
Channel: Serious Science
An Overview of Applied Linguistics
An Overview of Applied Linguistics
Published: 2012/02/09
Channel: KTHLearningLab
Master in Theoretical and Applied Linguistics
Master in Theoretical and Applied Linguistics
Published: 2015/12/22
Channel: Universitat Pompeu Fabra - Barcelona
Binding Theory.
Binding Theory.
Published: 2015/08/21
Channel: Hywel Evans
Theories of language development: Nativist, learning, interactionist | MCAT | Khan Academy
Theories of language development: Nativist, learning, interactionist | MCAT | Khan Academy
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Channel: khanacademymedicine
Prof. Ayesha Kidwai talks about her award winning work in theoretical linguistics
Prof. Ayesha Kidwai talks about her award winning work in theoretical linguistics
Published: 2014/02/06
Channel: Infosys Prize
Prototype theory
Prototype theory
Published: 2015/10/26
Channel: Casey Frazier
358. FINAL PROJECT THEORETICAL LINGUISTICS I
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Channel: Diego Roa
Pragmatic Syntax Bloomsbury Studies in Theoretical Linguistics Pdf
Pragmatic Syntax Bloomsbury Studies in Theoretical Linguistics Pdf
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Channel: Maisie Voisine
Books of Diagnosing Syntax Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics
Books of Diagnosing Syntax Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics
Published: 2015/10/21
Channel: Camarie Copeland
SYN1965 - Aspects of the Theory of Syntax (N. Chomsky)
SYN1965 - Aspects of the Theory of Syntax (N. Chomsky)
Published: 2016/05/03
Channel: The Virtual Linguistics Campus
ENG463 Linguistic Theory Presentation
ENG463 Linguistic Theory Presentation
Published: 2017/04/16
Channel: Morgan Culberson
Linguistic Theory Development Plan - EDU583
Linguistic Theory Development Plan - EDU583
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Channel: Ashley Mangum
Introduction: Linguistics
Introduction: Linguistics
Published: 2014/07/29
Channel: 4Educ8ion
Morphology linguistics
Morphology linguistics
Published: 2010/06/21
Channel: Mohammed Hassan
Canonical Forms in Prosodic Morphology Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics Pdf
Canonical Forms in Prosodic Morphology Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics Pdf
Published: 2015/12/21
Channel: Opal King
Language use & design: conflicts & their significance | Prof Noam Chomsky
Language use & design: conflicts & their significance | Prof Noam Chomsky
Published: 2013/04/09
Channel: UCD - University College Dublin
TYP109 - Case
TYP109 - Case
Published: 2012/10/30
Channel: The Virtual Linguistics Campus
Good Grammar, Bad Grammar - prescriptivism vs. descriptivism -- Linguistics 101
Good Grammar, Bad Grammar - prescriptivism vs. descriptivism -- Linguistics 101
Published: 2013/09/06
Channel: NativLang
VLC Online-Class: Morphology and Syntax
VLC Online-Class: Morphology and Syntax
Published: 2013/01/31
Channel: The Virtual Linguistics Campus
[Introduction to Linguistics] Phonetics and Basics of Transcription
[Introduction to Linguistics] Phonetics and Basics of Transcription
Published: 2015/03/29
Channel: TheTrevTutor
EDU 583 Linguistic Theory
EDU 583 Linguistic Theory
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Channel: Catherine Del Valle
The Syntax Of Sentential Stress Oxford Studies In Theoretical Linguistics
The Syntax Of Sentential Stress Oxford Studies In Theoretical Linguistics
Published: 2016/10/24
Channel: Evelyn Burgess
Class Description - Introduction to Linguistics (for future teachers)
Class Description - Introduction to Linguistics (for future teachers)
Published: 2012/08/27
Channel: The Virtual Linguistics Campus
Inter-Theoretical Relations in Linguistics
Inter-Theoretical Relations in Linguistics
Published: 2017/06/04
Channel: Dru Seph
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Theoretical linguistics is the branch of linguistics which inquires into the nature of language itself and seeks to answer fundamental questions as to what language is; how it works; how universal grammar (UG) as a domain-specific mental organ operates; what are its unique properties; how does language relate to other cognitive processes, etc. Theoretical linguists are most concerned with constructing models of linguistic knowledge, and ultimately developing a linguistic theory.

The fields that are generally considered the core of theoretical linguistics are phonology, morphology, syntax, and semantics. Although phonetics often guides phonology, it is often excluded from the purview of theoretical linguistics, along with sociolinguistics. Theoretical linguistics also involves the search for an explanation of linguistic universals, that is, properties that all, or many languages have in common.

Major fields[edit]

Phonetics[edit]

Phonetics is the study of speech sounds with concentration on three main points :

According to this definition, phonetics can also be called linguistic analysis of human speech at the surface level. That is one obvious difference from phonology, which concerns the structure and organisation of speech sounds in natural languages, and furthermore has a theoretical and abstract nature. One example can be made to illustrate this distinction: In English, the suffix -s can represent either /s/, /z/, or can be silent (written Ø) depending on context.

Articulatory phonetics[edit]

The field of articulatory phonetics is a subfield of phonetics. In studying articulation, phoneticians attempt to document how humans produce speech sounds (vowels and consonants). That is, articulatory phoneticians are interested in how the different structures of the vocal tract, called the articulators (tongue, lips, jaw, palate, teeth etc.), interact to create the specific sounds.

Auditory phonetics[edit]

Auditory phonetics is a branch of phonetics concerned with the hearing, acquisition and comprehension of phonetic sounds of words of a language. As articulatory phonetics explores the methods of sound production, auditory phonetics explores the methods of reception—the ear to the brain, and those processes.

Acoustic phonetics[edit]

Acoustic phonetics is a subfield of phonetics which deals with acoustic aspects of speech sounds. Acoustic phonetics investigates properties like the mean squared amplitude of a waveform, its duration, its fundamental frequency, or other properties of its frequency spectrum, and the relationship of these properties to other branches of phonetics (e.g. articulatory or auditory phonetics), and to abstract linguistic concepts like phones, phrases, or utterances.

Phonology[edit]

Phonology (sometimes called phonemics or phonematics) is the study of how sounds are used in languages to convey meaning. Phonology includes topics such as stress and intonation.

The basic unit of analysis for phonology is called phoneme. A phoneme is a group of sounds which are not distinguished by the language rules in determining the meaning. In English, for example, [t] and [tʰ] are different allophones that represent a single phoneme /t/.

Morphology[edit]

Morphology is the study of the internal structure of words. For example, in the sentences The dog runs and The dogs run, the word forms runs and dogs have an affix -s added, distinguishing them from the base forms dog and run. Adding this suffix to a nominal stem gives plural forms, adding it to verbal stems restricts the subject to third person singular. Some morphological theories operate with two distinct suffixes -s, called allomorphs of the morphemes Plural and Third person singular, respectively. Languages differ with respect to their morphological structure. Along one axis, we may distinguish analytic languages, with few or no affixes or other morphological processes from synthetic languages with many affixes. Along another axis, we may distinguish agglutinative languages, where affixes express one grammatical property each, and are added neatly one after another, from fusional languages, with non-concatenative morphological processes (infixation, umlaut, ablaut, etc.) and/or with less clear-cut affix boundaries.

Syntax[edit]

Syntax is the study of language structure and phrasal hierarchies, depicted in parse tree format. It is concerned with the relationship between units at the level of words or morphology. Syntax seeks to delineate exactly all and only those sentences which make up a given language, using native speaker intuition. Syntax seeks to describe formally exactly how structural relations between elements (lexical items/words and operators) in a sentence contribute to its interpretation. Syntax uses principles of formal logic and Set Theory to formalize and represent accurately the hierarchical relationship between elements in a sentence. Abstract syntax trees are often used to illustrate the hierarchical structures that are posited. Thus, in active declarative sentences in English the subject is followed by the main verb which in turn is followed by the object (SVO). This order of elements is crucial to its correct interpretation and it is exactly this which syntacticians try to capture. They argue that there must be a formal computational component contained within the language faculty of normal speakers of a language and seek to describe it.

Semantics[edit]

Semantics is the study of intension, that is, the intrinsic meanings of words and phrases. Much of the work in the field of philosophy of language is concerned with the relation between meanings and the word, and this concern cross-cuts formal semantics in several ways. For example, both philosophers of language and semanticists make use of propositional, predicate and modal logics to express their ideas about word meaning.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ottenheimer, H.J. (2006). The Anthropology of Language: An Introduction to Linguistic Anthropology. Canada: Thomas Wadsworth.

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