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திருச்செந்தூர் முருகன் அறியாத வரலாற்று ரகசியம் | Thiruchendur | Thiruchendur Murugan Temple
திருச்செந்தூர் முருகன் அறியாத வரலாற்று ரகசியம் | Thiruchendur | Thiruchendur Murugan Temple
Published: 2017/03/23
Channel: Steven Webb
History Of Thiruchendur Murugan (Suki Sivam)
History Of Thiruchendur Murugan (Suki Sivam)
Published: 2017/02/01
Channel: Toronto Thiruchendur Murugan Temple
Thiruchendur beach today
Thiruchendur beach today
Published: 2017/04/06
Channel: Anu Mullai
Thiruchendur Temple
Thiruchendur Temple
Published: 2013/03/23
Channel: Muniswamy G
கலர் மாறுது திருச்செந்தூர் கடல்!!!!பக்தர்கள் அதிர்ச்சி!!!!Thiruchendur sea colour changes in to Red
கலர் மாறுது திருச்செந்தூர் கடல்!!!!பக்தர்கள் அதிர்ச்சி!!!!Thiruchendur sea colour changes in to Red
Published: 2017/03/30
Channel: TALK TV
Thiruchendur Murugan Temple
Thiruchendur Murugan Temple
Published: 2010/08/19
Channel: Muniswamy G
Thiruchendur Murugan - T.M.S.Songs (திருசெந்தூர் முருகன்)
Thiruchendur Murugan - T.M.S.Songs (திருசெந்தூர் முருகன்)
Published: 2013/03/26
Channel: Rammaruthy
karakattam dance in thiruchendur
karakattam dance in thiruchendur
Published: 2017/04/30
Channel: DINESH RKP
Thiruchendurin Kadalorathil HD Song
Thiruchendurin Kadalorathil HD Song
Published: 2012/05/15
Channel: RajVideoVisionTamil
Moondravathu Kan [Epi-452] | "Talking About Sea Water Enters Into Thiruchendur Murugan Temple "
Moondravathu Kan [Epi-452] | "Talking About Sea Water Enters Into Thiruchendur Murugan Temple "
Published: 2016/06/09
Channel: Vendhar TV
Tiruchendur Murugan Temple
Tiruchendur Murugan Temple
Published: 2016/10/06
Channel: Lankasri News
karakattam in thiruchendur muthaiyapuram kovil kodai
karakattam in thiruchendur muthaiyapuram kovil kodai
Published: 2017/04/30
Channel: DINESH RKP
Thiruchendur seashore
Thiruchendur seashore
Published: 2012/10/09
Channel: Aravaazhi F
Kanda Sashti Kavasam - கந்த சஷ்டி கவசம் Thiruchendur
Kanda Sashti Kavasam - கந்த சஷ்டி கவசம் Thiruchendur
Published: 2012/12/07
Channel: Rammaruthy
Thiruchendur Murugan Temple Architecture | News7 Tamil
Thiruchendur Murugan Temple Architecture | News7 Tamil
Published: 2016/11/03
Channel: News7 Tamil
The temple elephant of Thiruchendur Murugan Temple
The temple elephant of Thiruchendur Murugan Temple
Published: 2013/07/26
Channel: Aravind Sivaraj
Thiruchendur  Murugan Temple (Tamil Nadu)
Thiruchendur Murugan Temple (Tamil Nadu)
Published: 2010/11/24
Channel: Rammaruthy
Moondravathu Kan [Epi-459] |"Finding Out Once Past Through Hypnotism" | Thiruchendur, TN
Moondravathu Kan [Epi-459] |"Finding Out Once Past Through Hypnotism" | Thiruchendur, TN
Published: 2016/06/17
Channel: Vendhar TV
Viral Maaran Thiruchendur - Thiruppugazh - Sudha Ragunathan
Viral Maaran Thiruchendur - Thiruppugazh - Sudha Ragunathan
Published: 2013/12/14
Channel: AmuthamMusicVideos
Sri Thiruchendur Suprabhatam Full Song || Tamil Devotional Songs || Bombay Sisters ||
Sri Thiruchendur Suprabhatam Full Song || Tamil Devotional Songs || Bombay Sisters ||
Published: 2016/04/07
Channel: Aditya Devotional
Thiruchendur Murugan Temple At Tuticorin | India Video
Thiruchendur Murugan Temple At Tuticorin | India Video
Published: 2013/12/18
Channel: indiavideodotorg
Thiruchendur Murugan Temple - Every one must visit this temple | GOBINATH SPEECH
Thiruchendur Murugan Temple - Every one must visit this temple | GOBINATH SPEECH
Published: 2016/06/19
Channel: Namma Bhoomi Namma Samy
Thiruchendur Murugan Temple - Tamil Nadu | Indian Temple Tours
Thiruchendur Murugan Temple - Tamil Nadu | Indian Temple Tours
Published: 2012/09/04
Channel: Divine india
THANTHI TV SPECIAL | Thiruchendur Murugan Temple Masi Thiruvizha Therottam | Thanthi TV
THANTHI TV SPECIAL | Thiruchendur Murugan Temple Masi Thiruvizha Therottam | Thanthi TV
Published: 2017/03/10
Channel: Thanthi TV
Tiruchendur  Sthala Varalaru - Delhi Ganesh
Tiruchendur Sthala Varalaru - Delhi Ganesh
Published: 2014/10/08
Channel: ReligiousDiscourses
Thiruchendur Murugan Celebration on 8th Day of Maasi month
Thiruchendur Murugan Celebration on 8th Day of Maasi month
Published: 2017/03/08
Channel: Britain Tamil Broadcasting
THIRUCHENDUR    PANJA LINGAM
THIRUCHENDUR PANJA LINGAM
Published: 2016/06/01
Channel: D Petchimuthu
Desa Mangaiyarkarasi - Muruganin Irandaam Padai Veedu – Thiruchendur
Desa Mangaiyarkarasi - Muruganin Irandaam Padai Veedu – Thiruchendur
Published: 2017/03/17
Channel: ATHMA GNANA MAIYAM
Pilgrims flows to attend Thiruchendur Murugan temple Soorasamharam festival | News7 Tamil
Pilgrims flows to attend Thiruchendur Murugan temple Soorasamharam festival | News7 Tamil
Published: 2016/11/03
Channel: News7 Tamil
Thiruchendur Murugan Temple -- Soorasamharam Festival
Thiruchendur Murugan Temple -- Soorasamharam Festival
Published: 2012/11/19
Channel: Raj News
Fact Of Boat Accident Near Thiruchendur - படகு கவிழ்ந்த விபத்தில் நடந்த உண்மை.. | IN4
Fact Of Boat Accident Near Thiruchendur - படகு கவிழ்ந்த விபத்தில் நடந்த உண்மை.. | IN4
Published: 2017/02/27
Channel: IN4NET
More than 10 whales dead in Thiruchendur coast today
More than 10 whales dead in Thiruchendur coast today
Published: 2016/01/13
Channel: Puthiya Thalaimurai TV
Thiruchendur sea
Thiruchendur sea
Published: 2016/07/18
Channel: MIXER MASALA
Thiruchendur | Six Abodes of Murugan | Lord Murugan Stories | Hindu Mythology | Arupadai veedu
Thiruchendur | Six Abodes of Murugan | Lord Murugan Stories | Hindu Mythology | Arupadai veedu
Published: 2016/09/08
Channel: Pebbles Kids Stories 3D
Thiruchendur Murugan Temple by Dinamalar
Thiruchendur Murugan Temple by Dinamalar
Published: 2012/10/07
Channel: Murugabhaktan
Mann Analum Thiruchendur
Mann Analum Thiruchendur
Published: 2009/10/25
Channel: Ashwin Sarathy
Alai Maivum Thiruchendur - அலை மேவும் திருச்செந்தூர்
Alai Maivum Thiruchendur - அலை மேவும் திருச்செந்தூர்
Published: 2017/01/14
Channel: Toronto Thiruchendur Murugan Temple
Thiruchendur Beach
Thiruchendur Beach
Published: 2017/02/13
Channel: Siva Venkatesh
EXCLUSIVE | Masi Thiruvizha Therottam held at Thiruchendur Murugan Temple | Thanthi TV
EXCLUSIVE | Masi Thiruvizha Therottam held at Thiruchendur Murugan Temple | Thanthi TV
Published: 2017/03/10
Channel: Thanthi TV
Thiruchendur murugan temple soorasamharam video 2016
Thiruchendur murugan temple soorasamharam video 2016
Published: 2016/11/09
Channel: God Blesses All
22.4.2016 திருச்செந்தூர் பொதுக்கூட்டம் சீமான் எழுச்சியுரை | Seeman  Speech Thiruchendur Meeting
22.4.2016 திருச்செந்தூர் பொதுக்கூட்டம் சீமான் எழுச்சியுரை | Seeman Speech Thiruchendur Meeting
Published: 2016/04/22
Channel: Naam Thamizhar Katchi
thiruchendur paraiyar kottai karakattam
thiruchendur paraiyar kottai karakattam
Published: 2017/04/30
Channel: DINESH RKP
Toronto Thiruchendur Murugan Temple - Vaikasi Visakam 2016 - Live
Toronto Thiruchendur Murugan Temple - Vaikasi Visakam 2016 - Live
Published: 2016/05/21
Channel: Toronto Thiruchendur Murugan Temple
Eelathu Thiruchendur Murugan Temple There
Eelathu Thiruchendur Murugan Temple There
Published: 2015/09/12
Channel: Lankasri News
Toronto Thiruchendur Murugan Temple Festival Notice 2017
Toronto Thiruchendur Murugan Temple Festival Notice 2017
Published: 2017/07/18
Channel: Toronto Thiruchendur Murugan Temple
Surasamharam fete to begin in Thiruchendur Murugan Temple | News7 Tamil
Surasamharam fete to begin in Thiruchendur Murugan Temple | News7 Tamil
Published: 2015/11/17
Channel: News7 Tamil
Elephant at Thiruchendur Temple
Elephant at Thiruchendur Temple
Published: 2011/11/25
Channel: Nawajothi R
Thiruchendur Murugan Kavadi Kettu Live - Parakum Kavadi and Vel Kavadi
Thiruchendur Murugan Kavadi Kettu Live - Parakum Kavadi and Vel Kavadi
Published: 2017/03/31
Channel: Temple Festivals
Thiruchendur mottai
Thiruchendur mottai
Published: 2016/09/27
Channel: needhimani mani
Thiruchendur Temple
Thiruchendur Temple
Published: 2016/11/03
Channel: Uma Kanthan
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Tiruchendur
திருச்செந்தூர்
Tirucheer Alaiwai
Town
Tiruchendur beach
Tiruchendur beach
Tiruchendur is located in Tamil Nadu
Tiruchendur
Tiruchendur
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 8°29′00″N 78°07′00″E / 8.4833°N 78.1167°E / 8.4833; 78.1167Coordinates: 8°29′00″N 78°07′00″E / 8.4833°N 78.1167°E / 8.4833; 78.1167
Country  India
State Tamil Nadu
District Thoothukudi
Elevation 3 m (10 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 32,171
Languages
 • Official Tamil
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 628215
Telephone code 04639
Vehicle registration TN-92( TN-69 till Jun17,2015)
Nearest city Tirunelveli
Sex ratio 1000 : 1018.58 /
Literacy 79%
Nearest Airport Thoothukudi
Lok Sabha constituency Thoothukudi
Formerly with Tiruchendur
Rajya Sabha constituency Tiruchendur
Website www.tiruchendhur.com

Tiruchendur (Tamil:திருச்செந்தூர்) is a panchayat town at the southern tip of India, in the Thoothukudi district of Tamil Nadu. It is home to Thiruchendur Murugan Temple, one of the ancient Hindu temples dedicated to Lord Muruga.[2][3]

Geography[edit]

Tiruchendur beach

The suburban villages surrounding the town contain arid, red soil forests that are densely planted with palm trees, cashew plantations, and other crops typical of the region.

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2001 Indian census, Tiruchendur had a population of 29,330.[4] Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Tiruchendur has an average literacy rate of 79%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. Male literacy is 82%, and female literacy is 76%. In Tiruchendur, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Public Administration[edit]

Tiruchendur Town is managed by Tiruchendur Town Panchayat which has 21 wards. It is also a Taluk headquarters, and there are 10 local bodies and 46 villages comes under the jurisdiction of Thiruchendur taluk.[5] The District Munsiff Court and Judicial Magistrate Court are located in the town.[6] The Revenue Department is administered by Tiruchendur Tashildar and the police administration by the Deputy Superindendent of Police, Tiruchendur.

Transportation[edit]

The town is connected by rail and road. The Tuticorin Airport is about 40 kilometres (25 mi) from Thiruchendur, 55 km (34 mi) from Tirunelveli, and 171 km (106 mi) from Madurai.[7] Currently, SpiceJet and Air Carnival operate three inbound and outbound flights to Chennai. There are bus connections to Aruppukkottai, Ettayapuram, Tuticorin, Kovilpatti, Sankarankovil, Madurai, Tirunelveli and major cities of Tamilnadu. The town is connected to Tirunelveli by a broad-gauge train track, with a train station at Thiruchendur. The Chendur Express train runs daily between Chennai Egmore Junction and Tiruchendur. Passenger train services are also available between Tirunelveli and Tiruchendur.

Education[edit]

Colleges[edit]

Schools[edit]

  • Senthil Kumaran Matriculation School
  • Sankara Academy Matric Higher Secondary School
  • Pearls public International School
  • St.Thomas Higher Secondary School
  • Senthil Raja Primary and Secondary School
  • Saravanayar Primary sSchool

Religion[edit]

An epic poem composed in the 17th century, known as Kapadapuram, tells that Muruga killed the demon Surapadman after a six-day battle.[8] The name Tiruchendur originated from Thiru, meaning sacred, because it was a battleground for Lord Muruga, and Senthur, meaning red place, because of the bloodiness of the battle. Many towns in Tamil Nadu have the same honorary prefix, including Tiruchirappalli, Tiruppur and Tirunelveli.

Temples[edit]

Tiruchendur Murugan Temple[edit]

View of the Thiruchedur Temple gopuram
Door of the temple
Tiruchendur Murugan Kovil

Tiruchendur Murugan Temple is an ancient Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Muruga at the site of the battle. It is one of the six major abodes, or sacred temples, of the Kaumaram religion. Soorasamharam, a reenactment of the victory over Sarapadman, and Kanda Shasti, a devotional song in praise of Lord Muruga are performed at the temple.

The temple, which is built near the seashore, measures 91 m (299 ft) north to south, 65 m (213 ft) east to west, and has a seven-tier gopuram, or tower gate, that is 42 m (138 ft) high.[9] The principal entrance faces south, and opens into the first of two prakarams, the first of which is lined with rows of Yalis. The inner sanctum of the temple is in a cave and the main deity, or moolavar, is Murugan as a saintly child, portrayed in a granite carving.[8]

Naazhi Kinaru, a sacred well fed by a freshwater spring, is located 100 m (330 ft) south of the temple. Devotees undergo a ritual cleansing by bathing in water from the well after bathing in the ocean.[8]

Dutch occupation of the Thiruchendur Temple[edit]

The Murugan temple at Thiruchendur was occupied by the Dutch East India company from 1646 to 1648, during the course of their war with the Portuguese. The local people tried to free their temple, with no success. The Dutch finally vacated the temple on orders from the Naik ruler. However, while leaving, they removed the idol of the main deity of the temple, and took it with them. Senthilaandavan appeared in a dream to Vadamaliyappa Pillai, an ardent devotee of Lord Muruga, and revealed the place in the sea where the idol had been abandoned. Vadamlaiyappa Pillai and Athitha Nadar, a sponsor of services in the Thiruchendur temple, went to the spot in a fishing boat and retrieved the idol in 1653. The story is shown in paintings inside the temple

Other temples[edit]

  • Avathara Pathi, the site where Vishnu incarnated as Ayya Vaikundar and rose from the sea.
  • Sri Ponvandu Aiyanar temple, in the village of Nainarpattu, near Thiruchendur.
  • Chettiyapathu Sri Ainthu Veettu Swami Temple is situated at Udankudi, 2 km (1.2 mi) from Thiruchendur.

Churches[edit]

  • CSI Christ Church
  • Mother Mary Church Amaliannai Church
  • St. Thomas Church Veerapandian Patnam

Mosques[edit]

  • Mohideen Masjid

Festivals and rituals[edit]

Festivals are celebrated throughout the year at the temple including Brahmothsavam in the month of Magha (February – March), Vasanthotsavam for 10 days in Chaitra (April – May), Visaka Visakam for 12 days in Vaisakha (May – June) and Skandha Sashti in Ashvini (October – November). There are two Maha Utsavams called Aavanipperunthirunaal and Maasipperunthirunaal conducted and celebrated during Simharavi, in the Tamil month of Aavani (August–September), and Kumbharavi, in the Tamil month of Māsi (January–February). These 12-day festivals occur twice every year.

Masi Thiruvizha[edit]

Thiruchendur

Several lakh of people congregate for Masi Thiruvizha, a 12-day festival at Thiruchendur. The Kayamozhi Athitha Nadarhal Arakattalai Mandahapadi committee organises functions on the sixth and seventh days of the festival. On the tenth day of the festival, the presiding Lord of the Thiruchendur temple makes a special appearance in Thirunelveli Dakshinamara Nadar Sangam, in Sannidhi Street.

Several thousand devotees worship at the Masi Magam festival of the Sri Subramaniawamy temple at Tiruchendur. The festival was inaugurated by the Athitha Nadar clan several centuries ago and includes ritual performances, like Pali-vidalai eridhal.

Ippasi Lord Subramaniya's marriage ritual[edit]

In the month of Aippasi, when the ritual for Lord Subramaniya's marriage is performed, Athitha Nadars perform the ritual for the groom side, offering Thirumangalyam and the wedding feast. The bride's side wedding feast is arranged by Nattathi Nadars the next day.

Politics[edit]

The Tiruchendur assembly constituency was part of the Tiruchendur (Lok Sabha constituency) until 2009.[10] After dissolution of the Lok Sabha constituency in May 2009, the constituency was aligned with the Tuticorin Lok Sabha constituency. The current member of the legislative assembly (MLA) to Tamil Nadu assembly, elected by the general election 2011, is Anitha R. Radhakrishnan of Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census of India: Search Details". censusindia.gov.in. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2016-09-05. 
  2. ^ "Welcome To Lord Murugan.com Home Page". Lordmurugan.com. Retrieved 2015-09-07. 
  3. ^ "Tiruchendur". Thoothukudi.nic.in. Retrieved 2016-09-04. 
  4. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  5. ^ http://www.census2011.co.in/data/subdistrict/5868-tiruchendur-thoothukkudi-tamil-nadu.htm.  Missing or empty |title= (help)[dead link]
  6. ^ "Taluk Courts | Official Website of District Court Of India". ecourts.gov.in. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  7. ^ "(TCR) Tuticorin Airport". flightstats.com. Retrieved 2015-09-07. 
  8. ^ a b c Clothey, Fred W. (1978). The Many Faces of Murukan̲: The History and Meaning of a South Indian God. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 121–. ISBN 978-90-279-7632-1. Retrieved 2016-09-05. 
  9. ^ Knapp, Stephen (2009-01-01). Spiritual India Handbook. Jaico Publishing House. pp. 387–. ISBN 978-81-8495-024-3. 
  10. ^ "List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Tamil Nadu. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-03-04. Retrieved 2016-09-05. 

External links[edit]

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