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Stock Basics: What is a Ticker Symbol Definition and Meaning
Stock Basics: What is a Ticker Symbol Definition and Meaning
Published: 2012/10/05
Channel: Sasha Evdakov
How To Find A Company
How To Find A Company's Ticker Symbol
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Ticker Symbol Tutorial
Ticker Symbol Tutorial
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Channel: hlslib
What is TICKER SYMBOL? What does TICKER SYMBOL mean? TICKER SYMBOL meaning & explanation
What is TICKER SYMBOL? What does TICKER SYMBOL mean? TICKER SYMBOL meaning & explanation
Published: 2017/05/18
Channel: The Audiopedia
Stock ticker symbol Meaning
Stock ticker symbol Meaning
Published: 2015/04/25
Channel: ADictionary
How to Link a  Ticker Symbol Throughout thinkorswim Desktop Software
How to Link a Ticker Symbol Throughout thinkorswim Desktop Software
Published: 2014/04/04
Channel: TickerTank
Identifying the Ticker Symbol for a Publicly Traded Company
Identifying the Ticker Symbol for a Publicly Traded Company
Published: 2014/05/21
Channel: Columbus State Library
SWOT Analysis: Ticker Symbol Fails?
SWOT Analysis: Ticker Symbol Fails?
Published: 2014/05/21
Channel: Columbus State Library
Trading Ford stock.  Take a look at ticker symbol F with Technicals
Trading Ford stock. Take a look at ticker symbol F with Technicals
Published: 2013/04/14
Channel: thebrownreport.com
Finding a Company
Finding a Company's Ticker Symbol
Published: 2014/02/27
Channel: Salem College Libraries
Ticker Symbol SIG is Fraud [RANT] - options, option strategies, calls, puts trading options
Ticker Symbol SIG is Fraud [RANT] - options, option strategies, calls, puts trading options
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Channel: Jonathan Rose
How to find Ticker Symbols
How to find Ticker Symbols
Published: 2015/09/24
Channel: Share Navigator
Getting All Russell 3000 ticker symbols - Using Programming for Fundamental Investing Part 7
Getting All Russell 3000 ticker symbols - Using Programming for Fundamental Investing Part 7
Published: 2013/09/18
Channel: sentdex
What Is A Stocks Ticker Symbol?
What Is A Stocks Ticker Symbol?
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Channel: sri sparky
How to find S&P 500 stock symbol list
How to find S&P 500 stock symbol list
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Channel: SimpleStockInvesting
Ticker symbol D trading pattern 08/07/2014
Ticker symbol D trading pattern 08/07/2014
Published: 2014/08/12
Channel: Zelman Yakubov
#BesadoTequila (Ticker Symbol: ISBG)
#BesadoTequila (Ticker Symbol: ISBG)
Published: 2017/02/07
Channel: Known Brave
Examening ALT-COINS and TICKER SYMBOLS
Examening ALT-COINS and TICKER SYMBOLS
Published: 2017/06/12
Channel: newsunit
How to read Bloomberg Ticker Symbols?
How to read Bloomberg Ticker Symbols?
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Channel: HKUST Library
Stock Symbol Revew with a twist
Stock Symbol Revew with a twist
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Channel: readtheticker
CannaGrow Holdings Ticker Symbol: CGRW
CannaGrow Holdings Ticker Symbol: CGRW
Published: 2015/10/15
Channel: CannaGrow Holdings
Warning You
Warning You've Been Forewarned,(EOD)Ticker Symbol AMZN Due For Severe Correction,10/10/2017
Published: 2017/10/10
Channel: Reverend Tacos Guidos Mananeros
How-To Create A Personal Stock Symbol Ticker Tape
How-To Create A Personal Stock Symbol Ticker Tape
Published: 2014/10/16
Channel: Stock Market Trading & Exchanges
ING U.S. debuts on the NYSE under the ticker symbol "VOYA"
ING U.S. debuts on the NYSE under the ticker symbol "VOYA"
Published: 2013/05/20
Channel: INGFinancialServices
Ferrari lists with the ticker symbol RACE on the Italian Stock Exchange
Ferrari lists with the ticker symbol RACE on the Italian Stock Exchange
Published: 2016/01/04
Channel: Ferrari
Facebook Ticker Symbol (Nasdaq:FB) Stock Price Today Aug 29, 2016
Facebook Ticker Symbol (Nasdaq:FB) Stock Price Today Aug 29, 2016
Published: 2016/08/29
Channel: Symbol Surfing
'The Word At Mass' IPO (Alibaba) Ticker Symbol (baba), ETF -(slv)
Published: 2014/07/07
Channel: Pr. Rosemary's Final Prophecy Watch
Day Trading Ticker Symbol AMZN+Ticker Symbol USERX For Dummies (EOD),10/12/2017
Day Trading Ticker Symbol AMZN+Ticker Symbol USERX For Dummies (EOD),10/12/2017
Published: 2017/10/12
Channel: Reverend Tacos Guidos Mananeros
How to find a ticker | Symbol Lookup
How to find a ticker | Symbol Lookup
Published: 2016/12/19
Channel: VOLFIX.NET - Market Analysis & Trading Software
Wayfair files for IPO, plans to become single letter ticker symbol
Wayfair files for IPO, plans to become single letter ticker symbol
Published: 2014/08/19
Channel: TheDealVideo
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Stock Market Wrap Up:Day Trading Ticker Symbol GME,Gamestop(EOD) 8/01/2017
Stock Market Wrap Up:Day Trading Ticker Symbol GME,Gamestop(EOD) 8/01/2017
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'The Word At Mass' (PepsiCo, Inc.) Ticker Symbol (pep)
Published: 2014/05/12
Channel: Pr. Rosemary's Final Prophecy Watch
Day Trading Ticker Symbol GM & CARZ
Day Trading Ticker Symbol GM & CARZ
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Technical Analysis For Dummies:Day Trading Ticker Symbol AMZN Amazon.com,Inc Nasdaq
Technical Analysis For Dummies:Day Trading Ticker Symbol AMZN Amazon.com,Inc Nasdaq
Published: 2017/10/12
Channel: Reverend Tacos Guidos Mananeros
Market Wrap-Up Live Day Trading Ticker Symbol (AA),Alcoa Corp,The Good,The Bad,& The Ugly.
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Channel: Reverend Tacos Guidos Mananeros
Day Trading Ticker Symbol WM Waste Management 4/28/2017
Day Trading Ticker Symbol WM Waste Management 4/28/2017
Published: 2017/04/29
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SMTP Inc., Ticker Symbol: SMTP
SMTP Inc., Ticker Symbol: SMTP
Published: 2013/01/02
Channel: Investorials
B-Scada Inc., Ticker Symbol: MOBS
B-Scada Inc., Ticker Symbol: MOBS
Published: 2013/02/11
Channel: Investorials
Stock Market Wrap-Up Day Trading Ticker Symbol TLT IShares 20+ Year Treasure Bond ETF 6/5/2017(Eod)
Stock Market Wrap-Up Day Trading Ticker Symbol TLT IShares 20+ Year Treasure Bond ETF 6/5/2017(Eod)
Published: 2017/06/06
Channel: Reverend Tacos Guidos Mananeros
APPRAISE.ASP - Software as a Service & Ticker Symbol Grid
APPRAISE.ASP - Software as a Service & Ticker Symbol Grid
Published: 2013/07/09
Channel: APPRAISENJ
GameStop Corp Ticker Symbol (GME)Collapses In AMC Earnings Report 8/25/2017.
GameStop Corp Ticker Symbol (GME)Collapses In AMC Earnings Report 8/25/2017.
Published: 2017/08/26
Channel: Reverend Tacos Guidos Mananeros
'The Word At Mass' (Sturm, Ruger & Co. Inc.) Ticker Symbol (rgr)
Published: 2014/05/19
Channel: Pr. Rosemary's Final Prophecy Watch
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Channel: Pr. Rosemary's Final Prophecy Watch
Oramed Pharmaceuticals: Ticker Symbol ORMP
Oramed Pharmaceuticals: Ticker Symbol ORMP
Published: 2012/12/07
Channel: Investorials
CryoLife Inc., Ticker Symbol: CRY
CryoLife Inc., Ticker Symbol: CRY
Published: 2013/03/13
Channel: Investorials
Stock Market Wrap-Up:Day Trading+Technical Analysis,Ticker Symbol GDXJ,5/4/2017
Stock Market Wrap-Up:Day Trading+Technical Analysis,Ticker Symbol GDXJ,5/4/2017
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ECCO2 Tech is Hiring Military! (stock Symbol RVPL)
ECCO2 Tech is Hiring Military! (stock Symbol RVPL)
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MarketKast Begins Trading Under the Symbol MRKK
MarketKast Begins Trading Under the Symbol MRKK
Published: 2013/03/06
Channel: NewsKast
Kedem Pharmaceuticals Inc. Ticker Symbol KDMP.ob
Kedem Pharmaceuticals Inc. Ticker Symbol KDMP.ob
Published: 2012/01/17
Channel: BryanBlack82
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Stock telegraph ticker machine by Thomas Edison

A ticker symbol or stock symbol is an abbreviation used to uniquely identify publicly traded shares of a particular stock on a particular stock market. A stock symbol may consist of letters, numbers or a combination of both. "Ticker symbol" refers to the symbols that were printed on the ticker tape of a ticker tape machine.

Interpreting the symbol[edit]

Stock symbols are unique identifiers assigned to each security traded on a particular market. For example, AAPL is for Apple Inc.; OODH is for Orion DHC, Inc.; and HD is for Home Depot, Inc. A stock symbol can consist of letters, numbers, or a combination of both, and is a way to uniquely identify that stock. The symbols were kept as short as possible to reduce the number of characters that had to be printed on the ticker tape, and to make it easy to recognize by traders and investors.

The allocation of symbols and formatting convention is specific to each stock exchange. In the US, for example, stock tickers are typically between 1 and 4 letters and represent the company name where possible. For example, US-based computer company stock Apple Inc. traded on the NASDAQ exchange has the symbol AAPL, while the motor company Ford's stock that is traded on the New York Stock Exchange has the single-letter ticker F. In Europe, most exchanges use three-letter codes, for example Dutch consumer goods company Unilever traded on the Amsterdam Euronext exchange has the symbol UNA. While in Asia, numbers are often used as stock tickers to avoid issues for international investors when using non-Latin scripts. For example, the bank HSBC's stock traded on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange has the ticker symbol 0005.

Symbols sometimes change to reflect mergers. Prior to the 1999 merger with Mobil Oil, Exxon used a phonetic spelling of the company "XON" as its ticker symbol. The symbol of the firm after the merger was "XOM". Symbols are sometimes reused, in the US the single-letter symbols are particularly sought after as vanity symbols. For example, since Mar 2008 Visa Inc. has used the symbol V that had previously been used by Vivendi which had delisted and given up the symbol.[1]

To fully qualify a stock, both the ticker and the exchange or country of listing needs to be known. On many systems both must be specified to uniquely identify the security. This is often done by appending the location or exchange code to the ticker.

Example Vodafone Group plc stock ticker symbol
Location Reuters Instrument Code Bloomberg ticker Wikipedia
London Stock Exchange VOD.L VOD LN LSEVOD
Nasdaq VOD.O VOD UQ NASDAQVOD
Stock Exchange of Singapore VOD.SI VOD SP SGX: VOD

Other identifiers[edit]

Although stock tickers identify a security, they are exchange dependent, generally limited to stocks and can change. These limitations have led to the development of other codes in financial markets to identify securities for settlement purposes. The most prevalent of these is the International Securities Identifying Number (ISIN).[2] An ISIN uniquely identifies a security and its structure is defined in ISO 6166. Securities for which ISINs are issued include bonds, commercial paper, stocks, and warrants. The ISIN code is a 12-character alpha-numerical code that does not contain information characterizing financial instruments, but serves for uniform identification of a security at trading and settlement.

The ISIN identifies the security, not the exchange (if any) on which it trades; it is therefore not a replacement for the ticker symbol. For instance, Daimler AG stock trades on twenty-two different stock exchanges worldwide, and is priced in five different currencies; it has the same ISIN on each (DE0007100000), though not the same ticker symbol. ISIN cannot specify a particular trade in this case, and another identifier, typically the three- or four-letter exchange code (such as the Market Identifier Code) will have to be specified in addition to the ISIN.

Symbol for stock market indices[edit]

While usually a stock ticker identifies a security that can be traded, stock market indices are also sometimes assigned a symbol, even though they can generally not be traded. Symbols for indices are usually distinguished by adding a symbol in front of the name, such as a caret (^)[3] or a dot. For example, Reuters lists the Nasdaq Composite index under the symbol .IXIC[4].

Symbols by Country[edit]

Canada[edit]

In Canada the Toronto Stock Exchange TSX and the TSXV use the following special codes after the ticker symbol:

TSX "behind the dot" extensions and other special codes[5]
A-B – class of shares NO, NS, NT – notes S – special U.S. terms
DB – debenture P – Capital Pool Company U, V – U.S. funds
E – equity dividend PR – preferred UN – units
H – NEX market R – subscription receipts W – when issued
IR – installment receipts RT – rights WT – warrants

United Kingdom[edit]

In the United Kingdom, prior to 1996, stock codes were known as EPICs, named after the London Stock Exchange's Exchange Price Information Computer (e.g.: "MKS" for Marks and Spencer). Following the introduction of the Sequence trading platform in 1996, EPICs were renamed Tradable Instrument Display Mnemonics (TIDM), but they are still widely referred to as EPICs. Stocks can also be identified using their SEDOL (Stock Exchange Daily Official List) number or their ISIN (International Securities Identification Number).

United States[edit]

In the United States, modern letter-only ticker symbols were developed by Standard & Poor's (S&P) to bring a national standard to investing. Previously, a single company could have many different ticker symbols as they varied between the dozens of individual stock markets. The term ticker refers to the noise made by the ticker tape machines once widely used by stock exchanges.

The S&P system was later standardized by the securities industry and modified as years passed. Stock symbols for preferred stock have not been standardized.[6]

Some companies use a well-known product as their ticker symbol. Belgian brewer InBev, the brewer of Budweiser beer, uses "BUD" as its three-letter ticker for American Depository Receipts, symbolizing its premier product in the United States. Its rival, Molson Coors Brewing Company, uses a similarly beer-related symbol, "TAP". Likewise, Southwest Airlines pays tribute to its headquarters at Love Field in Dallas through its "LUV" symbol. Cedar Fair Entertainment Company, which operates large amusement parks in the United States, uses "FUN" as its symbol. Harley-Davidson uses "HOG" for its Harley Owners Group. Yamana Gold uses "AUY", because on the periodic table of elements, "Au" is the symbol for gold. Sotheby's (the famous auction house) uses the symbol "BID".

While most symbols come from the company's name, sometimes it happens the other way around. Tricon Global, owner of KFC, Pizza Hut and Taco Bell, adopted the symbol "YUM" to represent its corporate mission when the company was spun out of PepsiCo in 1997. In 2002, the company changed its name to match its symbol, adopting the name Yum! Brands.[7]

Symbols sometimes change to reflect mergers. Prior to the 1999 merger with Mobil Oil, Exxon used a phonetic spelling of the company "XON" as its ticker symbol. The symbol of the firm after the merger was "XOM". After Hewlett-Packard merged with Compaq, the new firm took on the ticker symbol "HPQ". (The former symbols were HWP and CPQ.) AT&T's ticker symbol is simply "T"; accordingly, the company is referred to simply as "Telephone" on Wall Street (the T symbol is so well known that when the company was purchased by SBC, it took the AT&T name, capitalizing on its history and keeping the desired single letter symbol).

Some examples of US Stock symbols include:

Formerly, a glance at a U.S. stock symbol and its appended codes would allow an investor to determine where a stock trades; however in July 2007, the SEC approved a rule change allowing companies moving from the New York Stock Exchange to the Nasdaq to retain their three letter symbols; DirecTV was one of the first companies to make this move. When first implemented, the rule change did not apply to companies with one or two letter symbols,[8] but subsequently any stock was able to move from the NYSE to the Nasdaq without changing its symbol. CA, Inc., which trades under the symbol CA, moved from the NYSE to the Nasdaq in April 2008 and kept its two-letter symbol.[9]

NYSE "behind the dot" or Nasdaq fifth-letter codes and other special codes
A – Class "A" K – Nonvoting (common) U – Units
B – Class "B" L – Miscellaneous V – Pending issue and distribution
C – NextShares M – fourth class – preferred shares W – Warrants
D – New issue or reverse split N – third class – preferred shares X – Mutual fund
E – Delinquent SEC filings O – second class – preferred shares Y – American depositary receipt (ADR)
F – Foreign P – first class preferred shares Z – Miscellaneous situations
G – first convertible bond Q – In bankruptcy Special codes
H – second convertible bond R – Rights PK – A Pink Sheet, indicating over-the-counter
I – third convertible bond S – Shares of beneficial interest SC – Nasdaq Small Cap
J – Voting share – special T – With warrants or rights NM – Nasdaq National Market

Single-letter ticker symbols[edit]

Unassigned letters:

Other countries[edit]

In countries where Arabic script is used, and in East Asia, transliterated Latin script versions of company names may be confusing to an unpracticed Western reader; stock symbols provide a simple means of clear communication in the workplace. Many Asian countries use numerical or alphanumerical ticker symbols instead of characters to facilitate international trade.

  • Industrial and Commercial Bank of China – 01398 [Hong Kong]
  • HSBC – 00005 [Hong Kong]
  • DBS Bank – D05 [Singapore]
  • Jardine C&C – C07 [Singapore]
  • TonenGeneral Sekiyu KK – 5012 [Japan]
  • Toshiba Corp – 6502 [Japan]
  • China CITIC Bank Corp Ltd – 601998 [Shanghai – China]
  • Hubei Golden Ring Co Ltd – 000615 [Shenzhen – China]
  • ASUSTeK – 2357 [Taiwan]
  • Chunghwa Telecom Co Ltd – 2412 [Taiwan]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Mantell, Ruth (3 August 2006). "Vivendi voluntarily delists from NYSE, ends ADR program". Marketwatch. Retrieved 14 January 2013. 
  2. ^ "ISIN Services-ISIN Code Application; PPM, Offering Memos". 
  3. ^ "Stock quotes Available For Download". Market Indices, such as the Dow Jones Industrial Average. Ticker symbols for these items all begin with the circumflex (caret) symbol, "^". 
  4. ^ . 2017-09-07 https://www.reuters.com/finance/markets/indices.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ "Stock Market Terms, Stock Symbol Extension". TMX Money. Retrieved 2016-04-01. 
  6. ^ "Preferred Ticker Symbols and Names - QuantumOnline.com". 
  7. ^ "Tricon announces name change to Yum! Brands Inc | Yum Brands". AMEinfo.com. Retrieved 2012-11-13. 
  8. ^ "UPDATE 1-SEC allows Nasdaq to list 3-letter ticker symbols". 10 July 2017 – via Reuters. 
  9. ^ "CA Announces Move to NASDAQ". 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Trivia - One-Letter Ticker Symbols on NYSE". The Investment FAQ. Retrieved 2 June 2011. 
  11. ^ "Intelsat IPO Gets $347.8 Million as Stock Priced Below Range". Bloomberg. 
  12. ^ a b c Wilson, David. "Zillow With a Z Will Break NYSE Grip on One-Letter Tickers". BusinessWeek. Retrieved 2 June 2011. 
  13. ^ "Loews Scores Coveted One-Letter Ticker". The New York Times. June 17, 2008. Retrieved May 25, 2010. 
  • Eckett, Stephen, ed. (2004). The UK Stock Market Almanac 2005. Petersfield: Harriman House. ISBN 1-897597-46-0. 

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