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Animal Attack! "Deadly" Tiger Salamander on the Hunt | National Geographic
Animal Attack! "Deadly" Tiger Salamander on the Hunt | National Geographic
Published: 2010/05/18
Channel: National Geographic
How to Care for a Pet Tiger Salamander : How to Feed Tiger Salamanders
How to Care for a Pet Tiger Salamander : How to Feed Tiger Salamanders
Published: 2008/01/21
Channel: expertvillage
Tiger Salamander eats his first pinky mouse!
Tiger Salamander eats his first pinky mouse!
Published: 2012/10/09
Channel: TheTSmander
Tiger Salamander Tank: Iwagumi Style
Tiger Salamander Tank: Iwagumi Style
Published: 2016/05/06
Channel: Brian Bloomfield
How to Care for a Pet Tiger Salamander : Habitat of the Tiger Salamander
How to Care for a Pet Tiger Salamander : Habitat of the Tiger Salamander
Published: 2008/01/21
Channel: expertvillage
Neoteny in Tiger Salamander, Ambystoma mavortium/tigrinum, Neotenic
Neoteny in Tiger Salamander, Ambystoma mavortium/tigrinum, Neotenic
Published: 2012/03/16
Channel: Bryan Maltais
6 Tiger & Fire Salamander Care Tips | Pet Reptiles
6 Tiger & Fire Salamander Care Tips | Pet Reptiles
Published: 2013/08/11
Channel: Howcast
Reptiles, Amphibians, Invertebrates & Small Pets : Tiger Salamander Facts
Reptiles, Amphibians, Invertebrates & Small Pets : Tiger Salamander Facts
Published: 2008/09/28
Channel: expertvillage
Tiger Salamander Poisonous Bites Me
Tiger Salamander Poisonous Bites Me
Published: 2013/08/21
Channel: R3DLIN3S
Tiger Salamander Munching a Pinky
Tiger Salamander Munching a Pinky
Published: 2009/03/12
Channel: Reptilevideos4you
Tiger Salamander Care
Tiger Salamander Care
Published: 2017/06/22
Channel: Ferrets and Friends, LLC
Unboxing giant tiger salamanders
Unboxing giant tiger salamanders
Published: 2012/12/07
Channel: Brad Saint George
Tiger Salamander vs iPhone Ant Crusher
Tiger Salamander vs iPhone Ant Crusher
Published: 2015/01/28
Channel: Okinawanprince
Tiger Salamander Bioactive Vivarium Set Up
Tiger Salamander Bioactive Vivarium Set Up
Published: 2017/03/31
Channel: Nerd Girl Xovyn
Metamorphisis (Eastern Tiger Salamander)
Metamorphisis (Eastern Tiger Salamander)
Published: 2014/08/27
Channel: UniqueAmphibians
4K Big Tiger Salamander, Aquatic Phase. Catching Amazing Reptiles and Amphibian pets, Herping HD
4K Big Tiger Salamander, Aquatic Phase. Catching Amazing Reptiles and Amphibian pets, Herping HD
Published: 2015/07/25
Channel: Krazy Kids
Hungry Salamander: Tiger Salamander Feeding
Hungry Salamander: Tiger Salamander Feeding
Published: 2016/05/25
Channel: Brian Bloomfield
How I Care For My Eastern Tiger Salamanders!
How I Care For My Eastern Tiger Salamanders!
Published: 2016/05/02
Channel: AnimalArkTV
Tiger salamander facts and feeding.
Tiger salamander facts and feeding.
Published: 2016/01/09
Channel: Wild Adventures
Tiger salamander bite
Tiger salamander bite
Published: 2016/09/30
Channel: Mathias H.
Barred Tiger Salamander
Barred Tiger Salamander
Published: 2014/01/01
Channel: Cecil Kindle
9 Facts about Tiger & Fire Salamanders | Pet Reptiles
9 Facts about Tiger & Fire Salamanders | Pet Reptiles
Published: 2013/08/11
Channel: Howcast
Wood Frogs Try to Mate With Tiger Salamander
Wood Frogs Try to Mate With Tiger Salamander
Published: 2010/04/17
Channel: mfb99
Herping Tiger Salamander Larvae near Denver, CO
Herping Tiger Salamander Larvae near Denver, CO
Published: 2013/11/21
Channel: Petfax
How to Care for a Pet Tiger Salamander : How to Care for Tiger Salamander Larvae
How to Care for a Pet Tiger Salamander : How to Care for Tiger Salamander Larvae
Published: 2008/01/21
Channel: expertvillage
Tiger Salamanders under the Prairie Sky
Tiger Salamanders under the Prairie Sky
Published: 2016/08/10
Channel: SafariJeffTV
Sonoran Tiger Salamander
Sonoran Tiger Salamander
Published: 2007/05/01
Channel: Arizona GameAndFish
Moss Bonsai: Tiger Salamander Setup
Moss Bonsai: Tiger Salamander Setup
Published: 2016/05/28
Channel: Brian Bloomfield
How to Care for a Pet Tiger Salamander : How to Breed Tiger Salamanders
How to Care for a Pet Tiger Salamander : How to Breed Tiger Salamanders
Published: 2008/01/21
Channel: expertvillage
How to Care for a Pet Tiger Salamander : How to Make a Habitat for Tiger Salamanders
How to Care for a Pet Tiger Salamander : How to Make a Habitat for Tiger Salamanders
Published: 2008/01/21
Channel: expertvillage
SciShow Talk Show: Environmental Engineer Mike Potts & Slick the Tiger Salamander
SciShow Talk Show: Environmental Engineer Mike Potts & Slick the Tiger Salamander
Published: 2015/04/25
Channel: SciShow
Animal Jam - Dr. Brady Barr and a tiger salamander
Animal Jam - Dr. Brady Barr and a tiger salamander
Published: 2013/02/13
Channel: Animal Jam
How to Care for a Pet Tiger Salamander : Benefits of Pet Salamanders
How to Care for a Pet Tiger Salamander : Benefits of Pet Salamanders
Published: 2008/01/21
Channel: expertvillage
Tiger salamander setup/feeding
Tiger salamander setup/feeding
Published: 2010/12/25
Channel: reptileman250
How to Care for a Pet Tiger Salamander : How to Handle a Tiger Salamander
How to Care for a Pet Tiger Salamander : How to Handle a Tiger Salamander
Published: 2008/01/21
Channel: expertvillage
New tiger salamander set up
New tiger salamander set up
Published: 2012/01/09
Channel: Salamaster101
Catching Tiger Salamanders in Our Backyard!  Cool Critters!
Catching Tiger Salamanders in Our Backyard! Cool Critters!
Published: 2016/04/04
Channel: OikoEco
Tiger Salamanders Morphing
Tiger Salamanders Morphing
Published: 2017/05/19
Channel: Jules Askalotl
Tiger Salamander Tank & Feeding
Tiger Salamander Tank & Feeding
Published: 2017/04/22
Channel: Brian Bloomfield
Tiger salamander goes to its burrow
Tiger salamander goes to its burrow
Published: 2015/02/01
Channel: Okinawanprince
My eastern tiger salamander :D
My eastern tiger salamander :D
Published: 2013/08/29
Channel: Japan Herping Channel
How to Care for a Pet Tiger Salamander : Natural History of Tiger Salamanders
How to Care for a Pet Tiger Salamander : Natural History of Tiger Salamanders
Published: 2007/10/25
Channel: expertvillage
How to Care for a Pet Tiger Salamander : Identifying the Sex of Tiger Salamanders
How to Care for a Pet Tiger Salamander : Identifying the Sex of Tiger Salamanders
Published: 2008/01/21
Channel: expertvillage
Tiger salamander feeding
Tiger salamander feeding
Published: 2016/09/25
Channel: Mathias H.
How to Care for a Pet Tiger Salamander : Tips for Heating a Salamander
How to Care for a Pet Tiger Salamander : Tips for Heating a Salamander's Cage
Published: 2008/01/21
Channel: expertvillage
Clayface the tiger salamander
Clayface the tiger salamander
Published: 2014/06/21
Channel: the freckled fish
How to Care for a Pet Tiger Salamander : Selecting Food for Tiger Salamanders
How to Care for a Pet Tiger Salamander : Selecting Food for Tiger Salamanders
Published: 2008/01/21
Channel: expertvillage
Tiger salamander tank setup
Tiger salamander tank setup
Published: 2017/01/07
Channel: TheGiantCentipede
Breeding My Barred Tiger Salamander (1)
Breeding My Barred Tiger Salamander (1)
Published: 2015/05/24
Channel: MAMISAN2
Tiger Salamander Tank Update
Tiger Salamander Tank Update
Published: 2012/02/02
Channel: Woodlands World
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Eastern Tiger salamander
Salamandra Tigre.png
Several in captivity
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Subclass: Lissamphibia
Order: Caudata
Family: Ambystomatidae
Genus: Ambystoma
Species: A. tigrinum
Binomial name
Ambystoma tigrinum
Green, 1825

The tiger salamander or eastern tiger salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum) is a North American species of mole salamander.

Description[edit]

Tiger salamanders grow to a typical length of 6–8 in (15–20 cm) and a maximum of 14 in (36 cm) in length, particularly neotenic individuals. Adults are usually blotchy with grey, green, or black, and have large, lidded eyes. They have short snouts, thick necks, sturdy legs, and long tails. Their diets consist largely of small insects and worms, though it is not rare for an adult to consume small frogs and baby mice.

Adults are rarely seen in the open, and often live in burrows that are usually two feet from the surface. Tiger salamanders are almost entirely terrestrial as adults, and usually only return to the water to breed, but also they partly live in both land and water. Although tiger salamanders are terrestrial, they are good swimmers. Like all ambystomatids, they are extremely loyal to their birthplaces, and will travel long distances to reach them. However, a single tiger salamander has only a 50% chance of breeding more than once in its lifetime. Males nudge a willing female to initiate mating, and then deposit a spermatophore on the lake bottom. The female picks up the packet and deposits the now-fertilized eggs on vegetation. Large-scale captive breeding of tiger salamanders has not been accomplished, for unknown reasons.

Tiger salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum)
Life cycle

The larva is entirely aquatic, and is characterized by large external gills and a prominent caudal fin that originates just behind the head, similar to the Mexican axolotl. Limbs are fully developed within a short time of hatching. Some larvae, especially in seasonal pools and in the north, may metamorphose as soon as feasible. These are known as small morph adults. Other larvae, especially in ancestral pools and warmer climates, may not metamorphose until fully adult size. These large larvae are usually known as waterdogs, and are used extensively in the fishing bait and pet trade. Some populations may not metamorphose at all, and become sexually mature while in their larval form. These are the neotenes, and are particularly common where terrestrial conditions are bad. They are also very hardy.

Diseases[edit]

Although immune themselves, tiger salamanders transmit Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis, which is a major world-wide threat to most frog species by causing the disease chytridiomycosis.[2] Tiger salamanders also carry ranaviruses, which infect reptiles, amphibians, and fish. Using tiger salamander larvae as fishing bait appears to be a major source of exposure and transport to wild populations. Severe mortality of tiger salamander larvae sometimes occurs from recurring ranavirus infections.

As pets[edit]

Tiger salamander larvae

Tiger salamanders are popular as pets. A 20-US-gallon (76 l; 17 imp gal) aquarium is used to house this species. Non-chemical treated topsoil is a recommended substrate, usually 4-5 inches deep, as these salamanders love to burrow. Coconut fiber is also a safe alternative. Tiger salamanders in captivity are fed crickets, earthworms, mealworms, superworms, dubia roaches and waxworms and the occasional "pinky" mouse.

Related species[edit]

The California tiger salamander (Ambystoma californiense) (listed at Vulnerable),[3] the barred tiger salamander (A. mavortium), and the plateau tiger salamander (A. velasci) were all once considered subspecies of A. tigrinum, but are now considered separate species. Genetic studies made it necessary to break up the original A. tigrinum population, though some hybridization between groups occurs.

The axolotl is also a relative of the tiger salamander. Axolotls live in a paedomorphic state, retaining most characteristics of their larval stage for their entire lifespans. While they never metamorphose under natural conditions, metamorphosis can be induced in them, resulting in a form very similar to the plateau tiger salamander. This is not, however, their natural condition, and dramatically shortens their lifespan.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hammerson, G.A.; Shaffer, H.B.; Church, D.; Parra-Olea, G; Wake, D; (2008). "Ambystoma tigrinum". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2015-01-16. 
  2. ^ "Petwatch". Exotics as Pets. 
  3. ^ "Ambystoma californiense". IUCN Red List. 

External links[edit]

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