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Longest Tight End Plays in NFL History
Longest Tight End Plays in NFL History
Published: 2017/07/13
Channel: Highlight Heaven
Tight End Speed and Agility Drills
Tight End Speed and Agility Drills
Published: 2014/04/03
Channel: My Football Mentor
Miami Tight End David Njoku Highlights ᴴᴰ
Miami Tight End David Njoku Highlights ᴴᴰ
Published: 2016/12/29
Channel: JustBombsProductions
5 Best Tight End Qualities | Football Recruiting
5 Best Tight End Qualities | Football Recruiting
Published: 2014/09/06
Channel: Howcast
405-Pound Tight End LaQuan McGowan vs. Rich Eisen in 40-Yard Dash Simulcam Race | NFL
405-Pound Tight End LaQuan McGowan vs. Rich Eisen in 40-Yard Dash Simulcam Race | NFL
Published: 2016/03/17
Channel: NFL
Best of the Tight Ends | 2017 NFL Combine Highlights
Best of the Tight Ends | 2017 NFL Combine Highlights
Published: 2017/03/05
Channel: NFL
#8 Rob Gronkowski | Top 10 Tight Ends of All Time | NFL Films
#8 Rob Gronkowski | Top 10 Tight Ends of All Time | NFL Films
Published: 2016/11/12
Channel: NFL
UNC Football: Position Breakdown - Tight End
UNC Football: Position Breakdown - Tight End
Published: 2014/08/06
Channel: UNCTarHeelsAthletics
Rob Gronkowski highlights (2014 season)
Rob Gronkowski highlights (2014 season)
Published: 2015/02/05
Channel: NFL
Best Receiving Tight End in College Football || Ole Miss TE Evan Engram 2016 Highlights ᴴᴰ
Best Receiving Tight End in College Football || Ole Miss TE Evan Engram 2016 Highlights ᴴᴰ
Published: 2016/12/13
Channel: JustBombsProductions
2016 Atlanta Falcons Tight End Highlights
2016 Atlanta Falcons Tight End Highlights
Published: 2017/05/25
Channel: Cameron Hart
LaQuan McGowan: Baylor
LaQuan McGowan: Baylor's 400 lb tight end
Published: 2015/08/17
Channel: FOX Sports
Top Tight Ends 2014 NFL Draft
Top Tight Ends 2014 NFL Draft
Published: 2014/03/14
Channel: Draft Guru
#1 Tony Gonzalez | Top 10 Tight Ends of All Time | NFL Films
#1 Tony Gonzalez | Top 10 Tight Ends of All Time | NFL Films
Published: 2016/11/12
Channel: NFL Films
Hunter Henry 2015 Highlights -HD ||The #1 Tight End In America|| /Mackey Award Winner/
Hunter Henry 2015 Highlights -HD ||The #1 Tight End In America|| /Mackey Award Winner/
Published: 2015/12/10
Channel: Highlight Creator
Football Positions Explained. Tight end
Football Positions Explained. Tight end
Published: 2014/10/10
Channel: Sports for Kids
Top 10 Best Tight Ends in the NFL 2017
Top 10 Best Tight Ends in the NFL 2017
Published: 2017/07/19
Channel: NFL Top Ten
Top 10 Tight Ends of All Time! | NFL Highlights
Top 10 Tight Ends of All Time! | NFL Highlights
Published: 2017/06/29
Channel: NFL
2016 PrincetonTigers Pro Day Workout: Tight End Seth DeValve
2016 PrincetonTigers Pro Day Workout: Tight End Seth DeValve
Published: 2016/04/20
Channel: NUC Sports
Top 10 Best Tight Ends in NFL History
Top 10 Best Tight Ends in NFL History
Published: 2017/03/24
Channel: NFL Top Ten
Football Training Tips : Tight End Drills
Football Training Tips : Tight End Drills
Published: 2008/09/26
Channel: expertvillage
Best Tight End in College Football || Alabama TE OJ Howard Career Highlights ᴴᴰ
Best Tight End in College Football || Alabama TE OJ Howard Career Highlights ᴴᴰ
Published: 2017/02/07
Channel: JustBombsProductions
Washington Tight End Drills
Washington Tight End Drills
Published: 2016/07/02
Channel: Football Coaching
6
6' 7" 230 lb. 2017 Tight End Alexander Marshall - 2014 Football Season Highlights
Published: 2014/11/30
Channel: David Marshall
#5 Shannon Sharpe | Top 10 Tight Ends of All Time | NFL Films
#5 Shannon Sharpe | Top 10 Tight Ends of All Time | NFL Films
Published: 2016/11/12
Channel: NFL Films
Must-Own Tight Ends for Your 2017 Fantasy Team | NFL
Must-Own Tight Ends for Your 2017 Fantasy Team | NFL
Published: 2017/08/01
Channel: NFL
Top 10 Best Tight Ends in NFL History
Top 10 Best Tight Ends in NFL History
Published: 2015/09/10
Channel: Sports Top 10
10 BEST NFL Tight Ends Right Now
10 BEST NFL Tight Ends Right Now
Published: 2017/01/08
Channel: TPS
#7 Jason Witten | Top 10 Tight Ends of All Time | NFL Films
#7 Jason Witten | Top 10 Tight Ends of All Time | NFL Films
Published: 2016/11/12
Channel: NFL Films
Tight End Academy - Route Fundamentals - Out Route
Tight End Academy - Route Fundamentals - Out Route
Published: 2014/08/11
Channel: Athlete Builder
Fantasy Football 2017 - Top 12 Tight Ends + Sleepers - Ep. #416
Fantasy Football 2017 - Top 12 Tight Ends + Sleepers - Ep. #416
Published: 2017/08/17
Channel: The Fantasy Footballers
Troy Fumagalli Official Highlights |Wisconsin Star Tight End| ᴴ ᴰ
Troy Fumagalli Official Highlights |Wisconsin Star Tight End| ᴴ ᴰ
Published: 2017/02/23
Channel: Highlight Creator
No. 1 Tight End in the 2016 Class - Isaac Nauta
No. 1 Tight End in the 2016 Class - Isaac Nauta
Published: 2015/08/06
Channel: MaxPreps
Tight End Pass Blocking
Tight End Pass Blocking
Published: 2014/10/05
Channel: ProTips4U
The Best Tight End in College Football - Jake Butt Ultimate Michigan Highlights
The Best Tight End in College Football - Jake Butt Ultimate Michigan Highlights
Published: 2017/01/17
Channel: Rocket Mixes
#10 Antonio Gates | Top 10 Tight Ends of All Time | NFL Films
#10 Antonio Gates | Top 10 Tight Ends of All Time | NFL Films
Published: 2016/11/12
Channel: NFL Films
Tight End Drills
Tight End Drills
Published: 2012/11/12
Channel: MrWarriorWayne
Miami Dolphins Improving footwork accuracy for tight ends
Miami Dolphins Improving footwork accuracy for tight ends
Published: 2014/09/23
Channel: USA Football
#2 John Mackey | Top 10 Tight Ends of All Time | NFL Films
#2 John Mackey | Top 10 Tight Ends of All Time | NFL Films
Published: 2016/11/12
Channel: NFL Films
Tight Ends Talk Gloves - Eastbay
Tight Ends Talk Gloves - Eastbay
Published: 2013/06/20
Channel: Eastbay
David Njoku is the best tight end in the 2017 NFL Draft Class (and it
David Njoku is the best tight end in the 2017 NFL Draft Class (and it's not particularly close)
Published: 2017/07/24
Channel: Matt Kelley - RotoUnderworld Fantasy Football
Alabama tight end drills
Alabama tight end drills
Published: 2013/08/17
Channel: Marq Burnett
|Evan Engram| Matchup Nightmare |Ole Miss Tight End Highlights| ᴴ ᴰ
|Evan Engram| Matchup Nightmare |Ole Miss Tight End Highlights| ᴴ ᴰ
Published: 2016/12/23
Channel: Highlight Creator
Madden 18 Draft Champions - A TIGHT END WILL NEVER MAKE THIS CATCH AGAIN! ft Kouppa
Madden 18 Draft Champions - A TIGHT END WILL NEVER MAKE THIS CATCH AGAIN! ft Kouppa
Published: 2017/08/11
Channel: Daryus P
2017 Fantasy Football Draft Kit | PPR Tight End Rankings
2017 Fantasy Football Draft Kit | PPR Tight End Rankings
Published: 2017/07/29
Channel: TheBottomLineView
David Njoku || "Future Franchise Tight End" || Miami Highlights
David Njoku || "Future Franchise Tight End" || Miami Highlights
Published: 2017/03/01
Channel: Harris Highlights
90 SPEED TIGHT-END! DARREN WALLER IS A BEAST! Madden 17 49ers Connected Franchise Ep. 12
90 SPEED TIGHT-END! DARREN WALLER IS A BEAST! Madden 17 49ers Connected Franchise Ep. 12
Published: 2017/06/28
Channel: Not The Expert
Madden NFL 18 Ratings: ALL TIGHT END RATINGS!
Madden NFL 18 Ratings: ALL TIGHT END RATINGS!
Published: 2017/07/29
Channel: Sports Gamers Online
|Adam Breneman| All-American Tight End | U-Mass Official Highlights ᴴᴰ
|Adam Breneman| All-American Tight End | U-Mass Official Highlights ᴴᴰ
Published: 2016/12/28
Channel: Highlight Creator
Antonio Gates
Antonio Gates' Big TD Ties the Tight End Record for Career TDs! | NFL Week 17 Highlights
Published: 2017/01/01
Channel: NFL
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Example of tight end positioning in an offensive formation.

The tight end (TE) is a position in American football, Arena football, and formerly Canadian football, on the offense. The tight end is often seen as a hybrid position with the characteristics and roles of both an offensive lineman and a wide receiver. Like offensive linemen, they are usually lined up on the offensive line and are large enough to be effective blockers. On the other hand, they are eligible receivers adept enough to warrant a defense's attention when running pass patterns.

Because of the hybrid nature of the position, the tight end's role in any given offense depends on the tactical preferences and philosophy of the head coach. In some systems, the tight end will merely act as a sixth offensive lineman, rarely going out for passes. Other systems use the tight end primarily as a receiver, frequently taking advantage of the tight end's size to create mismatches in the defensive secondary. Many coaches will often have one tight end who specializes in blocking in running situations while using a tight end with better pass-catching skills in obvious passing situations.

Offensive formations may have as few as zero or as many as three tight ends at one time. If a wide receiver is present in a formation, but outside the tight end, the wide receiver must be positioned behind the line of scrimmage (see figure at right), since he is in the backfield, not on the line. If two tight ends are on the same side of the line of scrimmage, one must be behind the line of scrimmage or the tight end not at the end of the offensive line must report himself as non-eligible receiver. Alternatively, the offensive coordinator could use the tight end as a fullback.

History[edit]

The advent of the tight end position is closely tied to the decline of the one-platoon system during the 1940s and '50s. Originally, a rule (derived from the game's evolution from other forms of football) limited substitutions. Consequently, players had to be adept at playing on both sides of the ball, with most offensive linemen doubling as defensive linemen or linebackers, and receivers doubling as defensive backs. At that time, the receivers were known as either ends or flankers, with the end lining up wide at the line of scrimmage and the flanker positioned slightly behind the line usually on the opposite side of the field.

As the transition from starters going "both ways" to dedicated offensive and defensive squads took place, players who did not fit the mold of the traditional positions began to fill niches. Those who were good pass catchers and blockers but mediocre on defense were no longer liabilities; instead, a position evolved to capitalize on their strengths. Many were too big to be receivers yet too small for offensive linemen. Innovative coaches such as Paul Brown of the Cleveland Browns saw the potential of having a larger receiver lined up inside, developing blocking techniques and passing schemes that used the unique attributes of the tight end position.

Greater use of the tight end as a receiver started in the 1960s with the emergence of stars Mike Ditka and John Mackey. Until then most teams relied on the tight end's blocking as almost a sixth offensive lineman, rarely using them as receivers.[1] In addition to superb blocking, Ditka offered great hands receiving and rugged running after a completion. Over a 12-year career, he caught 427 passes for over 5,800 yards and 43 touchdowns.[1] Mackey brought speed, with six of his nine touchdown catches in one season being breakaways over 50 yards.[2]

Starting in 1980 the Coryell offense debuted tight end Kellen Winslow running wide receiver-type routes. Tight ends prior to Winslow were primarily blockers lined up next to an offensive lineman and given short to medium drag routes.[3] Winslow was put in motion to avoid being jammed at the line, lined up wide, or in the slot against a smaller cornerback.[4] Former Chargers assistant coach Al Saunders said Winslow was "a wide receiver in an offensive lineman's body."[3] Back then, defenses would cover Winslow with a strong safety or a linebacker, as zone defenses were not as popular.[5] Strong safeties in those times favored run defense over coverage speed. Providing another defender to help the strong safety opened up other holes.[6] Winslow would line up unpredictably in any formation from a three point blocking stance to a two point receiver's stance, to being in motion like a flanker or offensive back.[7] Former head coach Jon Gruden referred to such multi-dimensional tight ends as "jokers", calling Winslow the first ever in the NFL.[7][8] Head coach Bill Belichick notes that the pass-catching tight ends that get paid the most are "all direct descendants of Kellen Winslow", and there are fewer tight ends now that can block on the line.[7]

In the 1990s, athletic Shannon Sharpe's prowess as a route-runner helped change the way tight ends were used by teams. Consistently double-covered as a receiver, he became the first tight end in NFL history with over 10,000 career receiving yards. Tony Gonzalez and Antonio Gates pushed the position toward near wide receiver speed and power forward basketball skills.[9] At 6' 6" Rob Gronkowski brought height, setting single-season tight end records in 2011 with 17 touchdowns—breaking Gates' and Vernon Davis' record of 13—and 1,327 receiving yards, surpassing Winslow's record of 1,290.[10] Jimmy Graham that season also passed Winslow with 1,310 yards.[11] Six of the NFL's 15 players with the most receptions that year were tight ends, the most in NFL history. Previous seasons usually had at most one or two ranked in the top.[12]

In the Arena Football League the tight end serves as the 3rd offensive lineman (along with the center and guard). Although they are eligible receivers they rarely go out for passes and are usually only used for screen passes when they do.

As for Canadian football, tight ends are, in general, no longer used in the CFL. Tony Gabriel is a former great tight end in Canadian football.[why?] There remain some tight ends in use at university level football; Anthony Auclair, a tight end for the Laval Rouge et Or, is a contender to be selected in the 2017 CFL Draft or possibly receive a tryout in the NFL.[13]

Roles[edit]

Jimmy Graham catching a pass.

Receiving[edit]

Some plays are planned to take advantage of a tight end's eligibility (i.e. that they may lawfully catch a forward-passed football). At times, the tight end will not be covered by the defense, a situation that rarely occurs with the regular receivers. The tight end is therefore considered another option for the quarterback to pass to when the wide receivers are covered. The tight end is usually faster than the linebackers who cover him and often stronger than the cornerbacks and safeties who try to tackle him. However, tight ends are typically chosen for their speed and catching ability and therefore tend to have less blocking ability. Size does not affect catching ability. There could be tight ends on both sides of the line.

At the extreme end of this spectrum are 'hybrid' tight ends that are drafted primarily for their pass-catching abilities. Often, these players are talented athletes with near-receiver-like speed, coupled with the imposing physical size and strength of a traditional tight end. Offensive schemes often seek to take advantage of this type of player by placing him in space, often treating him as an extra receiver. Sometimes in a two-tight-end set, one tight end could be motioned out or audibled out to the slot.

Blocking[edit]

In the National Football League (NFL), the tight end is usually larger and slower than a wide receiver, and therefore able to block more effectively.[14] It is the job of the tight end, along with the fullback, to open up a hole in the defense for the tailback to run through. Tight ends can also be used along with the offensive linemen to protect the quarterback during passing plays. Often, tight ends are employed in a fullback position called "H-back" in which he is still beside the tackle, however off the line of scrimmage, and may even deploy a 3-tight-end sets or 4-tight-end sets, with one or two of them in H-back position, with only one wide receiver, even none to make the formations legal. Tight ends may also pass block like other offensive linemen. Some teams employ tight ends solely to block, however this position is sometimes filled by an offensive lineman who has reported to the referee that his number is now an eligible receiving number; this makes him "Tackle Eligible".

Most old offenses (due to the introduction of the West Coast Offense) now use tight ends more as receivers than blockers. Traditionally tight ends were just blockers eligible to catch passes; however, now tight ends are more like bigger and slower receivers who can also block more effectively than most wide receivers. Most tight ends are generally large in size with an average height of 6'3" and a weight exceeding 240 lbs. The origin of the two tight end set is unclear. The Detroit Lions[15] and the Washington Redskins[16] have been credited with being the first teams to use two tight ends as part of their base offense.

Rushing[edit]

With the fullback position phasing out,[citation needed] tight ends may also cover rushing duties, or even as a reverse-play option in the slot.

Physical attributes[edit]

Tight ends are, on average, usually among the taller members of the team.[17] Their large size has an effect on their speed, as tight ends are often not as fast as wide receivers or running backs; this is not always the case, though, with the quickest tight ends achieving a 4.38 forty yard dash time (Vernon Davis).[18] Regarding position, they are usually among the heavier players on the team on average, with only defensive and offensive linemen and linebackers weighing more.[17]

Jersey numbers[edit]

Specific skill positions typically are issued jersey numbers in a restricted range. In collegiate and high school football (in most states), tight ends are restricted to numbers 41–49 and 80–89. In the NFL, numbering regulations state that tight ends must wear numbers 80–89 or 40–49[19].

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Mike Ditka". Pro Football Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2010-09-23. 
  2. ^ "John Mackey". Pro Football Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2010-09-23. 
  3. ^ a b Jaworski, Ron (2010). The Games That Changed the Game: The Evolution of the NFL in Seven Sundays. Random House. p. 92. ISBN 978-0-345-51795-1. 
  4. ^ Jaworski 2010, p.81.
  5. ^ Jaworski 2010, p.93
  6. ^ Jaworski 2010, pp.93–94
  7. ^ a b c Jaworski 2010, p.112
  8. ^ George, Thomas (September 29, 2002). "The Indispensable Tight End Is Making His Presence Felt". The New York Times. Archived from the original on September 28, 2012. 
  9. ^ Battista, Judy (January 17, 2012). "New Breed of Tight End Is Unchecked So Far". The New York Times. p. B9. Archived from the original on January 20, 2012. 
  10. ^ Ridenour, Marla (January 16, 2012). "Playoffs showcase Browns' lack of big-play tight end". Akron Beacon Journal. Archived from the original on January 20, 2012. 
  11. ^ Flori, Mike (January 1, 2012). "Graham, Gronkowski go back and forth with tight end yardage mark". NBC Sports. Archived from the original on January 20, 2012. 
  12. ^ Darlington, Jeff (February 2, 2012). "Ever-evolving tight end position truly changing the game". NFL.com. Archived from the original on February 3, 2012. 
  13. ^ https://www.cfl.ca/2017/04/03/mock-2-0-ankou-senior-jump-charts/
  14. ^ Football 101: Tight Ends and Quarterbacks by Mark Lawrence. Retrieved 2010-02-25.
  15. ^ Double trouble: Cowboys' Parcells jumping on two-tight-end trend, September 20, 2006. Retrieved 2010-02-25.
  16. ^ Too Deep Zone: Running with Multiple Tight Ends by Mike Tanier, 20 Oct. 2006. Retrieved 2010-02-25.
  17. ^ a b Kraemer, William; Torine, Jon; Silvestre, Ricardo; French, Duncan; Ratamess, Nicholas; Spiering, Barry; Hatfield, Disa; Vingren, Jakob; Volek, Jeff (2005). "Body Size and Composition of National Football League Players" (PDF). Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 19 (3): 485–9. PMID 16095394. doi:10.1519/18175.1. Archived from the original on September 28, 2012. 
  18. ^ Colston, Chris (April 7, 2006). "Davis latest to break TE mold". USA Today. 
  19. ^ http://operations.nfl.com/the-rules/2017-nfl-rulebook/#article-2.-players-numbered-by-position

Further reading[edit]

  • Aaseng, Nathan (1981). Football’s Toughest Tight Ends. Lerner Publications Company. ISBN 9780822510703. 
Positions in American football and Canadian football
Offense (Skill position) Defense Special teams
Linemen Guard, Tackle, Center Linemen Tackle, End Kicking players Placekicker, Punter, Kickoff specialist
Quarterback (Dual-threat, Game manager, System) Linebacker Snapping Long snapper, Holder
Backs Halfback/Tailback, Fullback, H-back, Triple-threat Backs Cornerback, Safety, Halfback Returning Punt returner, Kick returner, Jammer
Receivers Wide receiver (Eligible), Tight end, Slotback Nickelback, Dimeback Tackling Gunner, Upback, Utility
Formations (List)NomenclatureStrategy

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