Play Video
1
Faces of Ancient Middle East Part 3 (Ancient Semites)
Faces of Ancient Middle East Part 3 (Ancient Semites)
::2013/12/18::
Play Video
2
TIGLATH-PILESER III
TIGLATH-PILESER III
::2014/07/12::
Play Video
3
13. The Assyrian Empire, Isaiah, and King Ahaz
13. The Assyrian Empire, Isaiah, and King Ahaz
::2012/04/21::
Play Video
4
Tiglath-pileser III Assyrian c. 728 BC Nimrud British Museum London
Tiglath-pileser III Assyrian c. 728 BC Nimrud British Museum London
::2014/04/03::
Play Video
5
Tiglath - Tiglath Pileser III - [Fortaleza - 13/06/2014 - Rock Cordel]
Tiglath - Tiglath Pileser III - [Fortaleza - 13/06/2014 - Rock Cordel]
::2014/06/14::
Play Video
6
Shocking - Lost Tribes of the Bible - the Gimira
Shocking - Lost Tribes of the Bible - the Gimira
::2013/03/05::
Play Video
7
OT 152 Tiglath Pileser III
OT 152 Tiglath Pileser III
::2010/12/08::
Play Video
8
Holy Bible - Book of Isaiah - Beautiful Music and Narration! HQ
Holy Bible - Book of Isaiah - Beautiful Music and Narration! HQ
::2014/02/13::
Play Video
9
Nebuchadnezzar, Tiglath-Pileser and Daniel
Nebuchadnezzar, Tiglath-Pileser and Daniel
::2008/11/12::
Play Video
10
Faces of Ancient Middle East Part 4 (Ancient Semites)
Faces of Ancient Middle East Part 4 (Ancient Semites)
::2013/12/18::
Play Video
11
Story time: Tiglath Pileser I and the Dolphins
Story time: Tiglath Pileser I and the Dolphins
::2014/05/22::
Play Video
12
Nimrud - Assyrian Sculptures and Reliefs
Nimrud - Assyrian Sculptures and Reliefs
::2012/01/01::
Play Video
13
Part 3 of 23, Jay Smith British Museum Tour
Part 3 of 23, Jay Smith British Museum Tour
::2010/07/26::
Play Video
14
Megiddo - Armageddon #1
Megiddo - Armageddon #1
::2009/05/26::
Play Video
15
ANCIENT ASSYRIANS of northern IRAQ - Assyrian folk music
ANCIENT ASSYRIANS of northern IRAQ - Assyrian folk music
::2012/05/27::
Play Video
16
Heroic Overdraw with angular self bow and thumb ring + Assyrian reliefs (British Museum)
Heroic Overdraw with angular self bow and thumb ring + Assyrian reliefs (British Museum)
::2013/01/01::
Play Video
17
Assyrian Nimrud Treasure
Assyrian Nimrud Treasure
::2009/06/12::
Play Video
18
2 Kings 16 (with text - press on more info. of video on the side)
2 Kings 16 (with text - press on more info. of video on the side)
::2010/05/15::
Play Video
19
Tiglath - Silvercore[Fortaleza - 13/06/2014 - Rock Cordel]
Tiglath - Silvercore[Fortaleza - 13/06/2014 - Rock Cordel]
::2014/06/14::
Play Video
20
Tiglath - Stranger in a strange land(Iron Maiden cover) - [Fortaleza - 13/06/2014 - Rock Cordel]
Tiglath - Stranger in a strange land(Iron Maiden cover) - [Fortaleza - 13/06/2014 - Rock Cordel]
::2014/06/14::
Play Video
21
Tiglath - Hearts in Flames [Fortaleza - 13/06/2014 - Rock Cordel]
Tiglath - Hearts in Flames [Fortaleza - 13/06/2014 - Rock Cordel]
::2014/06/14::
Play Video
22
2 Chronicles 28 (with text - press on more info.)
2 Chronicles 28 (with text - press on more info.)
::2010/06/01::
Play Video
23
Amenhotep III Thebes 18th dynasty 1370 BC Egypt British Museum London
Amenhotep III Thebes 18th dynasty 1370 BC Egypt British Museum London
::2014/04/03::
Play Video
24
The Legend of King Arthur 8
The Legend of King Arthur 8
::2014/02/18::
Play Video
25
Rosetta Stone Edited
Rosetta Stone Edited
::2014/02/08::
Play Video
26
The burden of Demascus (according to christians)
The burden of Demascus (according to christians)
::2012/07/15::
Play Video
27
Switch Stance - Sorriso Amarelo[Matanza Fest - 23/11/2013 - Armazém 47 - Fortaleza-CE]
Switch Stance - Sorriso Amarelo[Matanza Fest - 23/11/2013 - Armazém 47 - Fortaleza-CE]
::2013/12/02::
Play Video
28
177f07b8-e566-091a-1763-00f436e5758c.mov
177f07b8-e566-091a-1763-00f436e5758c.mov
::2010/09/08::
Play Video
29
consider the Lily
consider the Lily
::2011/03/08::
Play Video
30
Silvio no Biukin!
Silvio no Biukin!
::2011/09/04::
Play Video
31
Renew me
Renew me
::2011/03/15::
Play Video
32
BIBLICAL CITY: KIRJAT-JEARIM
BIBLICAL CITY: KIRJAT-JEARIM
::2014/04/20::
Play Video
33
Jailight - Tu camino - Por Siempre Israel.
Jailight - Tu camino - Por Siempre Israel.
::2013/02/06::
Play Video
34
mukin aboot
mukin aboot
::2007/04/28::
Play Video
35
Dont forget
Dont forget
::2012/10/26::
Play Video
36
Viper - Soldiers of sunrise[Fortaleza - 22/09/2012]
Viper - Soldiers of sunrise[Fortaleza - 22/09/2012]
::2012/09/23::
Play Video
37
Titãs - Igreja[Ceará music - 13/10/2012 - Fortaleza]
Titãs - Igreja[Ceará music - 13/10/2012 - Fortaleza]
::2012/10/13::
Play Video
38
2011 Nov CJ BASKETBALL 1
2011 Nov CJ BASKETBALL 1
::2011/11/24::
Play Video
39
Special Song Number by Sis. Lita Velasco
Special Song Number by Sis. Lita Velasco
::2011/01/17::
Play Video
40
Lady has health from Cancer
Lady has health from Cancer
::2009/03/11::
Play Video
41
2011 1128 NIGHT TIME DRIVING
2011 1128 NIGHT TIME DRIVING
::2011/11/29::
Play Video
42
Via dolorosa
Via dolorosa
::2009/07/25::
Play Video
43
Humberto Gessinger - Pose[Fortaleza - 17/05/2014 - Praça verde]
Humberto Gessinger - Pose[Fortaleza - 17/05/2014 - Praça verde]
::2014/06/10::
Play Video
44
Sieska
Sieska
::2007/10/04::
Play Video
45
so sick
so sick
::2007/06/08::
Play Video
46
Amazing Grace
Amazing Grace
::2011/03/08::
Play Video
47
Wushu
Wushu
::2012/02/27::
Play Video
48
Hammer Juggler
Hammer Juggler
::2007/11/21::
Play Video
49
Song 8 I
Song 8 I'm the King (Belshazzar)
::2010/06/13::
Play Video
50
PROPHET ISAIAH
PROPHET ISAIAH
::2014/07/14::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Tiglath-Pileser III: stela from the walls of his palace (British Museum, London).

Tiglath-Pileser III (from the Hebraic form[Note 1] of Akkadian: Tukultī-apil-Ešarra, "my trust is in the son of Esharra") was a prominent king of Assyria in the eighth century BCE (ruled 745–727 BCE)[1][2] who introduced advanced civil, military and political systems into the Neo-Assyrian Empire.[3][4]

Tiglath-Pileser III seized the Assyrian throne during a civil war and killed the royal family. He made sweeping changes to the Assyrian government, considerably improving its efficiency and security. The Assyrian army, already the greatest fighting force in the world since the time of Ashur-uballit I (1366-1330 BCE), now became the world's first professional standing army.

Tiglath-Pileser III subjugated much of the known world at the time; to the south, his fellow Mesopotamians in Babylonia and Chaldea, and further south still, the Arabs, Magan, Meluhha and Dilmunites of the Arabian Peninsula were conquered. In the south west, Israel, Judah, Philistia, Samarra, Moab, Edom, the Suteans and Nabatea fell. To the north, Urartu, Armenia and Scythia in the Caucasus Mountains, Cimmeria by the Black Sea, and Nairi were subjugated, and in the north west much of eastern and south western Asia Minor, including the Hittites, Phrygia, Cilicia, Commagene, Tabal, Corduenne and Caria. In the west, the Greeks of Cyprus and Aram (modern Syria), and the Mediterranean City States of Phoenicia/Caanan were subjugated. To the east he subjugated Persia, Media, Gutium, Mannea, Cissia and Elam, and later in his reign, Tiglath-Pileser III was crowned king in Babylonia.

Tiglath-Pileser III discouraged revolts against Assyrian rule with the use of forced deportations of thousands of people all over the empire. He is one of the greatest military captains in world history, conquering most of the world known to the Assyrians before his death.

Origins[edit]

Formerly the governor of Kalhu (Biblical Calah/Nimrud)[3] and a general, the usurper Pulu assumed his Assyrian throne-name (Tigath-Pileser) from two more-legitimate predecessors. He described himself as a son of Adad-nirari III in his inscriptions, but the accuracy of this claim remains uncertain. He seized the throne in the midst of civil war on 13 Ayaru, 745 BCE.[5][1] As a result of Pulu seizing the throne in a bloody coup d'état, the old royal family was slaughtered,[3] and the new monarch set Assyria on the path to expand the empire in order to ensure the survival of the kingdom.[3]

Reign[edit]

Tiglath-Pileser III besieging a town

Assyrian power in the Near East greatly increased as the result of Tiglath-Pileser's military reforms (see " Reforms" below) and of his campaigns of conquest. Upon ascending the throne, he claimed (in Annal 9, which dates to 745 BCE, his first regnal year) to have annexed Babylonia, from "Dur-(Kuri)galzu, Sippar of Shamash, ... the cities [of Ba]bylonia up to the Uqnu river [by the shore of the Lo]wer [Sea]"[6] (which referred to the Persian Gulf), and subsequently placed his eunuch over them as governor. Also in his first year of reign he defeated the powerful kingdom of Urartu (modern Armenia), whose hegemony under the rulership of Sarduri II had extended to Asia Minor, northern Mesopotamia,western Iran and Syria; there he found unrivalled horses for his war-chariots.[7] He also defeated the Medes before making war on and conquering the Neo-Hittites, Syria and Phoenicia. He took Arpad in 740 BCE after three years of siege, annexed it as a province (over which he placed one of his eunuchs as governors), and subjected Hamath to tribute. Assyrian inscriptions record in 740 BCE, the fifth year of his reign, a victory over Azariah (Uzziah), king of Judah, whose achievements appear in 2 Chronicles 26. He also subjugated Damascus, the Arabs under Queen Zabibe, Menahem of Israel and Sam'al's king Azriyau, who all paid him tribute.[8] In 737 and 736 BCE he turned his attention again to Iran, conquering the Medes and Persians and occupying a large part of Iran.[8] According to the royal inscriptions of Tiglath-Pileser many of the inhabitants were enslaved and deported to other parts of the Assyrian empire, as commonly done by his predecessors. At sieges captives were slaughtered and their bodies raised on stakes and displayed before the city (illustration, right).

In October 729 BCE, Tiglath-Pileser assumed total control of Babylon, capturing the Babylonian king Nabu-mukin-zeri (ABC 1 Col.1:21) and having himself crowned as "King Pulu of Babylon".

Biblical account[edit]

Map showing Tiglath's conquests (green) and deportation of Israelites. Tiglath-Pileser III discouraged revolts against Assyrian rule with the use of forced deportations of thousands of people all over the empire.[9]

Biblical records describe how Tiglath-Pileser III exacted 1000 talents of silver as tribute from King Menahem of the Kingdom of Israel (2 Kings 15:19) and later defeated his successor Pekah (15:29).

Pekah had allied with Rezin, king of the Arameans against Ahaz (known to the Assyrians as Yahu-khazi), of the Kingdom of Judah, who responded by appealing for the Assyrian monarch's help with the Temple gold and silver. Tiglath-Pileser answered swiftly. He first marched his army down the eastern Mediterranean coast, taking coastal cities all the way to Egypt. This cut off his enemies' access to the sea. Once this was achieved he returned to the Northern Kingdom of Israel, destroyed the army and deported the Reubenites, Gadites, and Manasseh to Halah, Habor, Hara, and the Gozan river (1 Chron 5:26). He then installed an Israelite puppet king, Hoshea, (732-723 BCE) in the place of Pekah. He concluded this extensive campaign by marching north and west, ravaging Aramaea, seizing Damascus, executing Rezin, and deporting the survivors to Kir (2 Kings 16:9).

Beyond this the Assyrian alliance was not beneficial to Ahaz (2 Chron 28:20).

Reforms[edit]

Upon ascending the throne, Tiglath-Pileser instituted several reforms to different sectors of the Assyrian state, which arguably revived Assyria's hegemony over the Near East.

The first of such reforms entailed thwarting the powers of the high Assyrian officials, which during the reigns of his predecessors had become excessive. Officials such as Shamshi-ilu, who was turtanu (General) and a prominent official since the time of Adad-Nirari III, often led their own campaigns and erected their own commemorative stelae, often without mentioning the king at all.[10] Since his earliest inscriptions (and thus from the beginning of his reign), he gave regular mention of appointing eunuchs as governors of (newly conquered) provinces; this removed the threat of provincial rule becoming a dynastic matter. He also sought to reduce the power of his officials by reducing the size of the provinces (in some cases the northern provinces were increased to include newly conquered territories), thus decreasing their resources, should they have desired to incite a revolt. Subsequently, there were more provinces, more governors (most of which were eunuchs), and less power per governor.

The second reform targeted the army. Instead of a largely native Assyrian army which normally campaigned only in the summer time, Tiglath-Pileser incorporated large numbers of conquered people into the army, thus adding a substantial foreign element. This force mainly comprised the light infantry, whereas the native Assyrians comprised the cavalry, heavy infantry, and charioteers. As a result of Tiglath-Pileser's military reforms, the Assyrian Empire was armed with a greatly expanded army which could campaign throughout the year. The addition of the cavalry and the chariot contingents to the army was mostly due to the steppe cultures lurking nearby to the north, which sometimes invaded their northern colonies, using mainly cavalry and primitive chariots.

Legacy[edit]

Tiglath-Pileser III's conquests and reforms led to the establishment of the Neo-Assyrian Kingdom as a true empire. He built a royal palace in Kalhu (the biblical Calah/Nimrud, the so-called "central palace"), later dismantled by Esarhaddon. He had his royal annals engraved across the bas-reliefs depicting his military achievements on the sculptured slabs decorating his palace.

On his death he was succeeded by his son Ululayu, who took the name Shalmaneser V and further campaigned in the Levant, defeated Egypt, and captured Samaria.

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Spelled as "Tiglath-Pileser" in the Book of Kings (2Kings 15:29) and as "Tilgath-Pilneser" in the Book of Chronicles (2Chronicles 28:20).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Lendering, Jona (2006). "Assyrian Eponym List (2/3)". Livius.org. 
  2. ^ Tadmor, Inscriptions, p. 29.
  3. ^ a b c d Healy, Assyrians, p. 17
  4. ^ "History of Mesopotamia". Encyclopædia Britannica. 
  5. ^ "Babylonia and Assyria". The 1911 Classic Encyclopedia. 
  6. ^ Tadmor, Inscriptions, p. 43.
  7. ^ Luckenbill, Ancient Records, vol II, p. 84.
  8. ^ a b Roux, Georges. Ancient Iraq
  9. ^ Healy, p. 21
  10. ^ Shafer, A.T. (1998). The Carving of an Empire: Neo-Assyrian Monuments on the Periphery, p.32-33
  • Healy, Mark (1991). The Ancient Assyrians. London: Osprey. ISBN 1-85532-163-7. OCLC 26351868. 
  • Luckenbill, D. D. Ancient Records of Assyria and Babylonia, vol II, (Chicago, 1927).
  • Saggs, H. The Might that was Assyria (London, 1984).
  • Tadmor, Hayim, The inscriptions of Tiglath-pileser III, King of Assyria: critical edition, with introductions, translations, and commentary (Jerusalem, Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, 1994).
  • Yehuda Kaplan, "Recruitment of Foreign Soldiers into the Neo-Assyrian Army during the Reign of Tiglath-pileser III," in Mordechai Cogan and Dan`el Kahn (eds), Treasures on Camels' Humps: Historical and Literary Studies from the Ancient Near East Presented to Israel Eph'al (Jerusalem, Magnes Press, 2008),
Preceded by
Ashur-nirari V
King of Assyria
745 – 727 BCE
Succeeded by
Shalmaneser V
Preceded by
Nabu-mukin-zeri
King of Babylon
729 – 727 BCE
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License
Powered by YouTube
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2014