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TIKBALANG: The Horse Demon  | Philippine Mythology Documentary
TIKBALANG: The Horse Demon | Philippine Mythology Documentary
Published: 2015/10/22
Channel: The Aswang Project
Wagas: Woman gets impregnated by a
Wagas: Woman gets impregnated by a 'tikbalang' (full episode)
Published: 2017/10/25
Channel: GMA Public Affairs
Woman got pregnant by
Woman got pregnant by 'tikbalang'?
Published: 2014/01/19
Channel: ABS-CBN News
Wansapanataym: Boyong
Wansapanataym: Boyong's 'tikbalang' form
Published: 2016/09/25
Channel: ABS-CBN Entertainment
Filipino Mythical Creatures Rap
Filipino Mythical Creatures Rap
Published: 2015/04/21
Channel: Mikey Bustos
TIKBALANG REAL!!!
TIKBALANG REAL!!!
Published: 2007/11/11
Channel: romeo candido
UKG: Tikbalang, bantay umano ng isang pamilya
UKG: Tikbalang, bantay umano ng isang pamilya
Published: 2016/10/24
Channel: ABS-CBN News
5 Mythical Creatures Caught On Camera & Spotted In Real Life!
5 Mythical Creatures Caught On Camera & Spotted In Real Life!
Published: 2016/03/28
Channel: Top 5s Finest
Wagas: Ang panliligaw ng tikbalang
Wagas: Ang panliligaw ng tikbalang
Published: 2016/10/10
Channel: GMA Public Affairs
Wagas: Dinadala ni Josie ang anak ng tikbalang
Wagas: Dinadala ni Josie ang anak ng tikbalang
Published: 2016/10/10
Channel: GMA Public Affairs
Tikbalang - Team Horror
Tikbalang - Team Horror
Published: 2017/03/21
Channel: Pinoy TRENDING
Number 048: TIKBALANG
Number 048: TIKBALANG
Published: 2014/10/11
Channel: BlUeKn!gHt OfChAoZze
Kataw at Tiktik laban sa Tikbalang
Kataw at Tiktik laban sa Tikbalang
Published: 2017/02/15
Channel: lights Nostrad
Mythical Creatures Rap from Mikey Bustos (Copy)
Mythical Creatures Rap from Mikey Bustos (Copy)
Published: 2017/01/03
Channel: Jheruss Pereira
TIKBALANG PART 2
TIKBALANG PART 2
Published: 2007/05/09
Channel: Francis Tan
Wansapanataym: Boyong
Wansapanataym: Boyong's basketball tryout
Published: 2016/09/04
Channel: ABS-CBN Entertainment
Wansapanataym: Atom
Wansapanataym: Atom's Curse
Published: 2016/09/25
Channel: ABS-CBN Entertainment
tikbalang
tikbalang
Published: 2012/02/23
Channel: onatism
Juan Dela Cruz - Episode 111
Juan Dela Cruz - Episode 111
Published: 2016/05/06
Channel: ABS-CBN Entertainment
StorYey: Ang Tikbalang at mga Duwende | Team Yey
StorYey: Ang Tikbalang at mga Duwende | Team Yey
Published: 2017/02/10
Channel: Yey Channel
Cryptids and Monsters:  Tikbalang
Cryptids and Monsters: Tikbalang
Published: 2017/02/17
Channel: williamdefalco
Top 5 Scariest Filipino Monsters
Top 5 Scariest Filipino Monsters
Published: 2013/11/23
Channel: dzvero007
Wansapanataym: Tikboyong
Wansapanataym: Tikboyong
Published: 2016/08/14
Channel: ABS-CBN Entertainment
Kapre o Tikbalang : Tunay Ba? - ni Dr Willie Ong #67
Kapre o Tikbalang : Tunay Ba? - ni Dr Willie Ong #67
Published: 2015/12/17
Channel: Dr Willie Ong
tikbalang wedding + wedding march
tikbalang wedding + wedding march
Published: 2012/07/22
Channel: Hieri del Rosario
PikikipagCombate sa Tikbalang vs. Bro. Eric
PikikipagCombate sa Tikbalang vs. Bro. Eric
Published: 2017/09/24
Channel: Eric Atienza
TIKBALANG PART 1
TIKBALANG PART 1
Published: 2007/05/09
Channel: Francis Tan
"TIKBALANG" Supernatural Hunt
"TIKBALANG" Supernatural Hunt
Published: 2014/09/24
Channel: Mister Miyagi
Tikbalang in caloocan-actual footage
Tikbalang in caloocan-actual footage
Published: 2008/10/20
Channel: Alex Fortes
Tiyanak i Tikbalang | Legenda
Tiyanak i Tikbalang | Legenda
Published: 2016/10/04
Channel: Mmedia Mreza
Tsuperhero: Tikbalang sa Purok Siyete
Tsuperhero: Tikbalang sa Purok Siyete
Published: 2017/04/17
Channel: GMA Network
Wagas: Ang laban nina Rody at Josie sa tikbalang
Wagas: Ang laban nina Rody at Josie sa tikbalang
Published: 2016/10/10
Channel: GMA Public Affairs
Once Upon A Time AKA Tikbalang (1987) Filipino Fantasy, Tagalog Language
Once Upon A Time AKA Tikbalang (1987) Filipino Fantasy, Tagalog Language
Published: 2017/09/08
Channel: TrashCanMan
Kapre, tikbalang, aswang, atbp; Anti-pork parade to the Senate
Kapre, tikbalang, aswang, atbp; Anti-pork parade to the Senate
Published: 2013/10/24
Channel: philip brown
Magpakailanman: Ganti ng engkanto
Magpakailanman: Ganti ng engkanto
Published: 2014/10/12
Channel: GMA Network
Tikbalang nasa poste
Tikbalang nasa poste
Published: 2016/10/31
Channel: BumpRanker
Tikbalang, Halloween  Spore Series
Tikbalang, Halloween Spore Series
Published: 2008/10/21
Channel: SporeBrainBlast
Tikbalang in Batangas
Tikbalang in Batangas
Published: 2008/09/21
Channel: Alex Fortes
kuya jobert - tikbalang
kuya jobert - tikbalang
Published: 2010/10/30
Channel: Louis Andrew Depollo
#ParangNormal Activity - Tikbalang on Kapatid TV5 North America
#ParangNormal Activity - Tikbalang on Kapatid TV5 North America
Published: 2015/10/23
Channel: Kapatid International
Tikbalang winter
Tikbalang winter
Published: 2010/01/25
Channel: savelkaunas
tame the tikbalang - angst
tame the tikbalang - angst
Published: 2011/11/28
Channel: crapsalad
ตำนานสิ่งลี้ลับ Tikbalang [ ทิคบารัง ]
ตำนานสิ่งลี้ลับ Tikbalang [ ทิคบารัง ]
Published: 2016/02/19
Channel: BabyBlue Channel
mga buhok ng tikbalang
mga buhok ng tikbalang
Published: 2008/08/28
Channel: ronly23
Tame the Tikbalang - Angst
Tame the Tikbalang - Angst
Published: 2012/11/10
Channel: fivefootgenius
Mituri și legende |Ep 10| Tikbalang
Mituri și legende |Ep 10| Tikbalang
Published: 2017/03/19
Channel: Andrey's World
MGB - Holloween Special Episode(tikbalang, white lady at manananggal)
MGB - Holloween Special Episode(tikbalang, white lady at manananggal)
Published: 2013/04/26
Channel: Simply NEWS
Hala  na tikbalang si nene
Hala na tikbalang si nene
Published: 2016/08/21
Channel: Jurel Regalado
Ang Tikbalang
Ang Tikbalang
Published: 2016/11/30
Channel: Moselle Bides Bides Moselle
Angst - Tame The Tikbalang
Angst - Tame The Tikbalang
Published: 2011/02/09
Channel: SOULFLYrc510
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Tikbalang
Tikbalang The Philippine Demon Horse Commons.jpg
Title Tikbalang the human horse
Description The Benevolent Horse
Gender Unknown, most likely male
Region Philippines

The Tikbalang (/ˈtikbaˌlaŋ/) (also Tigbalang, Tigbalan, Tikbalan, Tigbolan, or Werehorse) is a creature of Philippine folklore said to lurk in the mountains and forests of the Philippines. It is a tall, bony humanoid creature with the head and hooves of a horse and disproportionately long limbs, to the point that its knees reach above its head when it squats down.[1] In some versions it is a transformation of an aborted fetus sent to earth from limbo.[2]

Origins[edit]

The image of Hayagriva, is a horse-headed avatar of the Lord Vishnu in Hinduism.

The form of the Tikbalang traces back 4000 years, with roots in Hinduism and explains how that influence evolved into the mysterious half horse creature we know today.[citation needed]

Natives of the ancient concept of monotheism to reduce the uncertainty of the future. This ancient belief is considered animism. They had knowledge and they thought that the world has its own consciousness. They believed that stones, trees, mountains, water, animals, sun, moon and has a hidden power quickened the spirit or 'idol'. Could be good or harm the spirit, but it is believed to control some aspects of life. in 1589, when the earliest days of the Spanish occupation, documented by Father Juan de Plasencia with long-term tikbalang awareness of indigenous peoples .

Hinduism began in 3000 BC in India and spread to Southeast Asia in 200 CE. Had developed several routes of trade and cultural influence spread throughout the region. Soon, there was some kind of Buddhism in Asia but remained Hindu influences. This happened before Islam and Christianity in the region, this might have to do with Tikbalang Hayagriva was the avatar of the Hindu god Vishnu. The worship of Hayagriva was recorded in 2000 BCE,

The images for giant flying birds, the Tikbalang, and Sirena are straight out of Hindu imagery. Influence on religion was also prevalent with the concept of a multi-layered world – Heaven and Hell. According to the Hindu Puranas, there are fourteen worlds in the universe – the seven upper and the seven lower. The seven upper worlds are Bhuh, Bhavah, Swah, Mahah, Janah. Tapah, and Satyam; and the seven nether worlds are Atala, Vitala, Sutala, Rasatala, Talatala, Mahatala, and Patala. The region known as Bhuh is the earth where we dwell.

Began its association with Tikbalang 1860 discovery of a statue to Cambodia since the 10th century. It described the demons that Vadavamuka, the more radical version of the avatar of Vishnu. Eventually, Buddhism changed the image of Hayagriva a small horse's head floated to crown fire. In China, provided the old image of Hayagriva face with horses - one of the demons keeper into the inferno. Probably has the same happened in Tikbalang adapt it to the Filipinos in their beliefs after exacting culture through trade. Nine hundred years before the Spaniards arrived, went to the Chinese merchants in the Philippines and while there they use horses. But there's just started the evolution of Tikbalang.

Superstitions[edit]

Tikbalangs or Tigbolan scare travelers, lead them astray and play tricks on them such that the travelers keep on returning to an arbitrary path no matter how far they go or turn. This is counteracted by wearing one's shirt inside out. Another countermeasure is to ask permission out loud to pass by or, not to produce too much noise while in the woods in order not to offend or disturb the tikbalang. The "tigbolan" is a ghost which assumes a variety of forms, and sometimes confers a similar gift upon certain favored individuals, in much the same way as the devil was wont to grant extraordinary powers to a few of our adventuresome forefathers. A superstition popular with the Tagalog of Rizal Province is that Tikbalangs are benevolent guardians of elemental kingdoms. They are usually found standing at the foot of large trees looking around for anyone who dare to bestow malignancy on their kingdom's territory.

A common saying has it that rain from a clear sky means "may kinakasal na tikbalang."(Filipino, "a tikbalang is getting married".) This was potentially connected with a similar Spanish proverb that claimed a witch was getting married when there was rain on a sunny day,[citation needed] although many cultures have such sayings in which a trickster figure gets married (cp. fox's wedding, bear's wedding, monkey's birthday/wedding).

In some versions, the tikbalang can also transform itself into human form or turn invisible to humans. They like to lead travelers astray.[1]

Tikbalang are generally associated with dark, sparsely populated, foliage-overgrown areas, with legends variously identifying their abode as being beneath bridges, in bamboo clumps or banana groves, and atop Kalumpang (Sterculia foetida)[3] or Balite (Ficus indica) trees.

Taming a tikbalang[edit]

By one account a tikbalang has a mane of sharp spines, with the three thickest of these being of particular importance. A person who obtains one of these spines can use them as an anting-anting (talisman) in order to keep the tikbalang as his servant. The tikbalang must first be subdued, however, by leaping onto it and tying it with a specially-prepared cord. The would-be-tamer must then hang on while the creature flies through the air, fighting madly to dislodge its unwelcome rider, until it is exhausted and acknowledges its defeat.[2] Or you can look on his mane and you will see 3 golden hairs and if you pluck 3 of them before he/she eats you, they will serve you until you die.

In popular culture[edit]

  • Tikbalang: The Horse Demon was the first episode of the 2015 Creatures Of Philippine Mythology documentary web-series produced by The Aswang Project and High Banks Entertainment Ltd. It traces back the origin of the Tikbalang's image to India, circa 2000BCE, and follows its evolution to modern day.[4]
  • A tikbalang named Lusyo features prominently in The Mythology Class, a graphic novel written and illustrated by Filipino comic creator Arnold Arre.[5]
  • Tikbalang Kung Kabilugan ng Buwan is a child-friendly telling of the Tikbalang mythos – written by Victoria Añonuevo, illustrated by Kora Dandan-Albano and released by Adarna House – intended to familiarize young Filipino audiences with Philippine Mythological creatures. In the story, a Tikbalang becomes lonely for lack of a playmate during the full moon, a time when Filipino children of generations past traditionally went out to play in the moonlight. In search for a playmate, the Tikbalang leaves his home in the Kalumpang tree and encounters first a Kapre, then a Nuno, an Aswang, and a Tiyanak, before he finally meets another Tikbalang as a suitable playmate.[3]
  • A Tikbalang features as a fae in series 3, episode 10 ("Delinquents") of the SyFy supernatural drama Lost Girl.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Blair, Emma Helen; Edward Gaylord Bourne, James Alexander Robertson, John Boyd Thacher (1905). The Philippine Islands, 1493–1803. The A. H. Clark company. pp. 269–270. ASIN B000858BO4.  [6]
  • Bergaño, Diego (1860). Vocabulario de la lengua Pampangan en romance (in Spanish). Ramirez y Giruadier. p. 254. [7]

Additional reading[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Eugenio, Damiana L. (2008). Philippine Folk Literature An Anthology. University of the Philippines Press. p. 247. ISBN 978-971-542-536-0. Retrieved 2009-05-08. 
  2. ^ a b de los Reyes, Isabelo (1890). El Folk-Lore Filipino (in Spanish). Imprenta de Santa Cruz. pp. 66–69. ISBN 978-971-542-038-9. 
  3. ^ a b Añouevo, Victoria; Dandan-Albano, Kora (2004). Ang Tikbalang Kung Kabilugan ng Buwan. Quezon City: Adarna House, Inc. ISBN 978-971-508-250-1. 
  4. ^ Clark, Jordan "Tikbalang: The Horse Demon" Episode 01, Creatures Of Philippine Mythology (2015) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gRUSBSJ39KY
  5. ^ Lourd de Veyra (4th Quarter, 1999). "Gen X Meets Tikbalang". FLY Magazine. Retrieved 2006-01-12.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  6. ^ the philippine islands 1493–1898. 1905. p. 269. 
  7. ^ Vocabulario de la lengua pampanga. 1860. 

External links[edit]

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