1
Tomatillo Planting, Growing, Harvesting - Enjoy this tangy twist on tomatoes!
Tomatillo Planting, Growing, Harvesting - Enjoy this tangy twist on tomatoes!
DATE: 2014/08/07::
2
Supersize Root Growth on Tomatoes & Tomatillo By Planting the Stems Deep
Supersize Root Growth on Tomatoes & Tomatillo By Planting the Stems Deep
DATE: 2013/06/28::
3
Tomatillo Plant! Grow a staple of Mexican cooking in YOUR garden!
Tomatillo Plant! Grow a staple of Mexican cooking in YOUR garden!
DATE: 2012/08/17::
4
Tomatillos
Tomatillos
DATE: 2009/06/01::
5
How to make Fresh Homemade Tomatillo Salsa
How to make Fresh Homemade Tomatillo Salsa
DATE: 2013/07/07::
6
Rick Bayless Makes Quick & Easy Tomatillo Salsa
Rick Bayless Makes Quick & Easy Tomatillo Salsa
DATE: 2012/08/24::
7
Tomatillo Chicken | Everyday Food with Sarah Carey
Tomatillo Chicken | Everyday Food with Sarah Carey
DATE: 2012/09/26::
8
Salsa Verde - Fire Roasted Tomatillo Salsa Recipe - Best Green Sauce Recipe
Salsa Verde - Fire Roasted Tomatillo Salsa Recipe - Best Green Sauce Recipe
DATE: 2014/02/14::
9
Salsa Verde. Receta de Salsa Verde Mexicana de Tomatillo
Salsa Verde. Receta de Salsa Verde Mexicana de Tomatillo
DATE: 2014/04/24::
10
Tomatillo Growing, Harvest + Chutney Recipe
Tomatillo Growing, Harvest + Chutney Recipe
DATE: 2015/06/22::
11
Tomatillo harvest
Tomatillo harvest
DATE: 2013/07/27::
12
Salsa Roja  de tomatillo y chiles de arbol  receta
Salsa Roja de tomatillo y chiles de arbol receta
DATE: 2013/02/17::
13
Tomatillo Sauce
Tomatillo Sauce
DATE: 2012/01/10::
14
What are Tomatillos? / Mexican Green Pork Chili Recipe
What are Tomatillos? / Mexican Green Pork Chili Recipe
DATE: 2011/01/31::
15
super tomatillo spicy salsa with avocado.
super tomatillo spicy salsa with avocado.
DATE: 2010/11/12::
16
Eating Sounds - Fresh Tomatillo Salsa (Recipe) And Nachos
Eating Sounds - Fresh Tomatillo Salsa (Recipe) And Nachos
DATE: 2014/04/12::
17
How to Make Tomatillo Salsa
How to Make Tomatillo Salsa
DATE: 2012/04/20::
18
Roasted Tomatillo Salsa Verde (Green Salsa) Recipe
Roasted Tomatillo Salsa Verde (Green Salsa) Recipe
DATE: 2014/04/25::
19
Roasted Tomatillo Salsa With Chile De Arbol by Rockin Robin
Roasted Tomatillo Salsa With Chile De Arbol by Rockin Robin
DATE: 2015/05/04::
20
Tomatillo Salsa with Chile de Arbol Recipe
Tomatillo Salsa with Chile de Arbol Recipe
DATE: 2013/04/17::
21
Salsa Verde De Tomatillo //COMO
Salsa Verde De Tomatillo //COMO
DATE: 2014/09/25::
22
Salsa "Tomatillo y chile de Arbol" * video 125*
Salsa "Tomatillo y chile de Arbol" * video 125*
DATE: 2012/10/06::
23
Avocado Tomatillo Geen Salsa - Salsa Verde
Avocado Tomatillo Geen Salsa - Salsa Verde
DATE: 2014/04/12::
24
Roasted Tomatillo Salsa Recipe
Roasted Tomatillo Salsa Recipe
DATE: 2012/03/30::
25
Avocado Tomatillo Salsa - Avocado & Tomatillo Salsa Verde Recipe
Avocado Tomatillo Salsa - Avocado & Tomatillo Salsa Verde Recipe
DATE: 2013/06/20::
26
Under the Influence Tomatillo Sauce
Under the Influence Tomatillo Sauce
DATE: 2015/06/27::
27
Tomatillo Soup Recipe
Tomatillo Soup Recipe
DATE: 2014/09/18::
28
Oven-Roasted Tomatillo Salsa for fish tacos, chips, chicken and pork. 1080pHD
Oven-Roasted Tomatillo Salsa for fish tacos, chips, chicken and pork. 1080pHD
DATE: 2015/03/07::
29
Receta de Guacamole con tomatillo delicioso!
Receta de Guacamole con tomatillo delicioso!
DATE: 2012/08/02::
30
Ensalada de tomatillo - Recetas de ensalada - Green tomato salad
Ensalada de tomatillo - Recetas de ensalada - Green tomato salad
DATE: 2014/02/25::
31
Tomatillo Sauce
Tomatillo Sauce
DATE: 2011/08/18::
32
How to save Tomato and Tomatillo Seeds, Part 1
How to save Tomato and Tomatillo Seeds, Part 1
DATE: 2013/09/03::
33
plantacion de tomatillo
plantacion de tomatillo
DATE: 2011/08/31::
34
Low Carb (spicy) Chicken Tomatillo Soup
Low Carb (spicy) Chicken Tomatillo Soup
DATE: 2014/02/09::
35
Green & Purple Tomatillo Plants
Green & Purple Tomatillo Plants
DATE: 2012/07/07::
36
How to make Homemade Mild Tomatillo salsa
How to make Homemade Mild Tomatillo salsa
DATE: 2012/02/15::
37
Roasted Tomatillo Salsa
Roasted Tomatillo Salsa
DATE: 2011/11/18::
38
Mexican Salsa Verde. Tomatillo Green Salsa - Salsa Verde
Mexican Salsa Verde. Tomatillo Green Salsa - Salsa Verde
DATE: 2014/04/23::
39
Chicken Enchiladas with Tomatillo Salsa (Enchiladas Verde)
Chicken Enchiladas with Tomatillo Salsa (Enchiladas Verde)
DATE: 2014/09/18::
40
How to Grow a Tomatillo Plant in a Wine or Whiskey Barrel
How to Grow a Tomatillo Plant in a Wine or Whiskey Barrel
DATE: 2010/07/31::
41
How to Make Roasted Tomatillo Salsa
How to Make Roasted Tomatillo Salsa
DATE: 2010/11/11::
42
Salsa Roja De Tomatillo (How To)
Salsa Roja De Tomatillo (How To)
DATE: 2014/07/31::
43
Blow Your Mind off Spicy Salsa - Chipotle
Blow Your Mind off Spicy Salsa - Chipotle's Tomatillo-Chile Recipe Clone
DATE: 2013/08/30::
44
Tomatillo
Tomatillo
DATE: 2014/11/07::
45
esta  es una plantacion de tomatillo
esta es una plantacion de tomatillo
DATE: 2011/08/31::
46
Recipe Video: Chicken Enchiladas with Tomatillo Sauce
Recipe Video: Chicken Enchiladas with Tomatillo Sauce
DATE: 2014/04/17::
47
How to Make Tomatillo Guacamole
How to Make Tomatillo Guacamole
DATE: 2014/03/03::
48
Tomatillo - Max Drums Channel
Tomatillo - Max Drums Channel
DATE: 2009/06/29::
49
Salsa De Tomatillo Con Aguacate (How To)
Salsa De Tomatillo Con Aguacate (How To)
DATE: 2015/06/24::
50
Tomatillo-Avocado Salsa
Tomatillo-Avocado Salsa
DATE: 2013/06/26::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Tomatillo
Tomatillo.jpg
Fresh harvest of tomatillos
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Physalis
Species: P. philadelphica
Binomial name
Physalis philadelphica
Lam. (1786)
Synonyms

Physalis ixocarpa Brot.

The tomatillo (Physalis philadelphica), also known as the Mexican husk tomato, is a plant of the nightshade family (related to the cape gooseberry) bearing small, spherical and green or green-purple fruit of the same name.

Tomatillos originated in Mexico and were cultivated in the pre-Columbian era.[1] A staple of Mexican cuisine, they are eaten raw or cooked in a variety of dishes, particularly salsa verde.

History[edit]

Tomatillos were domesticated in Mexico before the coming of Europeans, and played an important part in the culture of the Maya and the Aztecs, more important than the tomato.[2] The scientific name Philadelphica dates from the eighteenth century.[2]

Distribution[edit]

In Mexico, the plant is grown mostly in the states of Hidalgo and Morelos; it is also grown in the highlands of Guatamala. The plant has been exported around the world. In the 1950s it was exported to India, where it was cultivated in Rajasthan; it is grown and processed also in Queensland (Australia), Pietersburg (South Africa), and Kenya. In the United States, tomatillos are grown in California and Iowa, where scientists from Iowa State College promoted a strain of tomatillos for Midwestern farmers they dubbed jamberry. In 1952 another strain was introduced in Ohio, under the name jumbo husk tomato.[3]

Description[edit]

The tomatillo fruit is surrounded by an inedible, paper-like husk formed from the calyx. As the fruit matures, it fills the husk and can split it open by harvest. The husk turns brown, and the fruit can be several colors when ripe, including yellow, red, green, or even purple. The freshness and greenness of the husk are quality criteria.

Tomatillos are a key ingredient in fresh and cooked Mexican and Central-American green sauces. The green color and tart flavor are the main culinary contributions of the fruit. Purple and red-ripening cultivars often have a slight sweetness, unlike the green- and yellow-ripening cultivars, and are therefore generally used in jams and preserves. Like their close relatives, cape gooseberries, tomatillos have a high pectin content. Another characteristic is they tend to have a varying degree of a sappy sticky coating, mostly when used on the green side out of the husk.

Tomatillo plants are highly self-incompatible, and two or more plants are needed for proper pollination. Thus, isolated tomatillo plants rarely set fruit.[4] Ripe tomatillos will keep refrigerated for about two weeks. They will keep even longer if the husks are removed and the fruits are placed in sealed plastic bags and refrigerated.[5] They may also be frozen whole or sliced.

Names[edit]

Tomatillos

The tomatillo (from Nahuatl, tomatl[2]) is also known as husk tomato,[6] Mexican husk tomato', or ground cherry. These names, however, can also refer to other species in the Physalis genus.[2] Other names are Mexican green tomato and miltomate. The name jamberry was introduced by scientists from Iowa State College in 1945.[2] In Spanish, it is called tomate de cáscara, tomate de fresadilla, tomate milpero, tomate verde (green tomato), tomatillo (Mexico; this term means "little tomato" elsewhere), miltomate (Mexico, Guatemala), or simply tomate (in which case the tomato is called jitomate). Tomatillos are sometimes called "green tomatoes"; unripe tomatoes may go by the same name, though the fruit is in a different genus.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Plata, Edith Metcalfe de (1984). Mexican Vegetarian Cooking. Inner Traditions/Bear. p. 17. ISBN 9780892813414. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Small, Ernest (2011). Top 100 Exotic Food Plants. CRC Press. pp. 117–20. ISBN 9781439856888. 
  3. ^ Morton, Julia F. (1987). "Mexican Husk Tomato". Fruits of Warm Climates. Winterville: Creative Resource Systems. pp. 434–37. ISBN 0-9610184-1-0. 
  4. ^ Vernonica E. Franklin-Tong, ed. (2008). Self-Incompatibility in Flowering Plants: Evolution, Diversity and Mechanisms. Springer. ISBN 978-3-540-68485-5. 
  5. ^ Carter, Noelle; Deane, Donna (14 May 2008). "Tomatillo: a green sourpuss with a sweet side". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 3 August 2009. 
  6. ^ Valladolid, Marcela (2010). Fresh Mexico: 100 Simple Recipes for True Mexican Flavor. Potter/TenSpeed/Harmony. p. 249. ISBN 9780307885531. 

External links[edit]

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