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Tomatillo Planting, Growing, Harvesting - Enjoy this tangy twist on tomatoes!
Tomatillo Planting, Growing, Harvesting - Enjoy this tangy twist on tomatoes!
Published: 2014/08/07
Channel: California Gardening
What are Tomatillos? / Mexican Green Pork Chili Recipe
What are Tomatillos? / Mexican Green Pork Chili Recipe
Published: 2011/01/31
Channel: danieldelaney
How to make Fresh Homemade Tomatillo Salsa
How to make Fresh Homemade Tomatillo Salsa
Published: 2013/07/08
Channel: SouthWestIron
How to grow and harvest Tomatillo  + Chutney Recipe
How to grow and harvest Tomatillo + Chutney Recipe
Published: 2015/06/23
Channel: California Gardening
Preparing Tomatillos
Preparing Tomatillos
Published: 2013/05/25
Channel: Delectable Planet
Mexican Salsa Verde. Tomatillo Green Salsa - Salsa Verde
Mexican Salsa Verde. Tomatillo Green Salsa - Salsa Verde
Published: 2014/04/23
Channel: Jauja Cocina Mexicana
Roasted Tomatillo Salsa
Roasted Tomatillo Salsa
Published: 2015/09/23
Channel: Rick Bayless
AgroScience, En un cultivo de Tomatillo o Tomate Verde.
AgroScience, En un cultivo de Tomatillo o Tomate Verde.
Published: 2015/11/02
Channel: Agroscienceweb
Avocado Tomatillo Salsa - Avocado & Tomatillo Salsa Verde Recipe
Avocado Tomatillo Salsa - Avocado & Tomatillo Salsa Verde Recipe
Published: 2013/06/20
Channel: Food Wishes
Supersize Root Growth on Tomatoes & Tomatillo By Planting the Stems Deep
Supersize Root Growth on Tomatoes & Tomatillo By Planting the Stems Deep
Published: 2013/06/28
Channel: Learn Organic Gardening at GrowingYourGreens
When Is It Ripe? Tomatillos
When Is It Ripe? Tomatillos
Published: 2012/10/08
Channel: YourProduceGuy
Cae producción de tomatillo
Cae producción de tomatillo
Published: 2015/09/28
Channel: NTR Medios de Comunicación
What is a Tomatillo?
What is a Tomatillo?
Published: 2014/06/05
Channel: ForkNPlate
Growing Giant Tomatillos - from seed to harvest!
Growing Giant Tomatillos - from seed to harvest!
Published: 2014/10/25
Channel: California Gardening
Tomatillo Salsa with Chile de Arbol Recipe
Tomatillo Salsa with Chile de Arbol Recipe
Published: 2013/04/17
Channel: James Strange
Roasted Tomatillo Salsa Verde
Roasted Tomatillo Salsa Verde
Published: 2015/10/21
Channel: Jauja Cocina Mexicana
Tomatillos
Tomatillos
Published: 2012/09/15
Channel: sarilog
Tomatillo Plant! Grow a staple of Mexican cooking in YOUR garden!
Tomatillo Plant! Grow a staple of Mexican cooking in YOUR garden!
Published: 2012/08/17
Channel: Growing Wisdom
TIERRA FÉRTIL Tomatillo y máiz (5 de septiembre de 2014)
TIERRA FÉRTIL Tomatillo y máiz (5 de septiembre de 2014)
Published: 2015/09/09
Channel: Tierra Fertil
Tomatillo Chicken | Everyday Food with Sarah Carey
Tomatillo Chicken | Everyday Food with Sarah Carey
Published: 2012/09/26
Channel: Everyday Food
Tomatillo harvest
Tomatillo harvest
Published: 2013/07/27
Channel: NoReasonToStarve
Tomatillo Pflege und Ernte | Tomatillo anbauen #2
Tomatillo Pflege und Ernte | Tomatillo anbauen #2
Published: 2015/08/07
Channel: dergartenkanal
Agua de tomatillo
Agua de tomatillo
Published: 2012/10/25
Channel: Cocina al Natural
COMO ELEGIR UN BUEN TOMATE VERDE O TOMATILLO angycrisjavi
COMO ELEGIR UN BUEN TOMATE VERDE O TOMATILLO angycrisjavi
Published: 2017/05/27
Channel: RICAS RECETAS ANGYCRISJAVI
TOMATE VERDE, TOMATILLO O TOMATE DE CASCARA [][] CULTIVO EN MACETAS "PROCESO COMPLETO"
TOMATE VERDE, TOMATILLO O TOMATE DE CASCARA [][] CULTIVO EN MACETAS "PROCESO COMPLETO"
Published: 2017/05/05
Channel: EL TERREGAL DE RAY
Ensalada de tomatillo - Recetas de ensalada - Green tomato salad
Ensalada de tomatillo - Recetas de ensalada - Green tomato salad
Published: 2014/02/25
Channel: Cocina al Natural
Mexican Salsa Verde - Roasted Tomatillo Salsa
Mexican Salsa Verde - Roasted Tomatillo Salsa
Published: 2016/08/25
Channel: Gochujang Mamá
Salsa Verde de Tomatillo Asada al Molcajete
Salsa Verde de Tomatillo Asada al Molcajete
Published: 2014/09/03
Channel: Jauja Cocina Mexicana
The Curious Gardener Ep 13  Tomatillos
The Curious Gardener Ep 13 Tomatillos
Published: 2013/11/26
Channel: The Curious Gardener
Tomatillos
Tomatillos
Published: 2009/06/01
Channel: Anitasa2z
Salsa Roja  de tomatillo y chiles de arbol  receta
Salsa Roja de tomatillo y chiles de arbol receta
Published: 2013/02/17
Channel: Chef Rogelio Lara
Tomatillo umtopfen | Tomatillo anbauen #1
Tomatillo umtopfen | Tomatillo anbauen #1
Published: 2015/04/29
Channel: dergartenkanal
How to make Homemade Mild Tomatillo salsa
How to make Homemade Mild Tomatillo salsa
Published: 2012/02/15
Channel: EuclidsParadox
Salsa Verde De Tomatillo //COMO
Salsa Verde De Tomatillo //COMO
Published: 2014/09/26
Channel: Monserrat Hermosillo
Tomatillo pikieren und umsetzen | Paprika, Chili & Tomatillo Update #1
Tomatillo pikieren und umsetzen | Paprika, Chili & Tomatillo Update #1
Published: 2015/03/18
Channel: dergartenkanal
Tacos de res al tomatillo
Tacos de res al tomatillo
Published: 2016/09/19
Channel: Cocina al Natural
Salsa Campechana | Tomatillo y Chile de árbol | La Capital
Salsa Campechana | Tomatillo y Chile de árbol | La Capital
Published: 2017/01/17
Channel: La Capital
Salsa Verde -  Salsa de Tomatillo - Comiendo Rico
Salsa Verde - Salsa de Tomatillo - Comiendo Rico
Published: 2012/12/18
Channel: Comiendo Rico
Salsa Verde - Fire Roasted Tomatillo Salsa Recipe - Best Green Sauce Recipe
Salsa Verde - Fire Roasted Tomatillo Salsa Recipe - Best Green Sauce Recipe
Published: 2014/02/14
Channel: White Thunder BBQ
Mere Minutes: Making fresh tomatillo salsa and tomato salsa
Mere Minutes: Making fresh tomatillo salsa and tomato salsa
Published: 2012/08/25
Channel: Mere Minutes
Oven Roasted Tomatillo & Tomato Salsa ~ Mexican Style Hot Sauce
Oven Roasted Tomatillo & Tomato Salsa ~ Mexican Style Hot Sauce
Published: 2015/10/28
Channel: OldManCooking
Salsa Verde Con Aguacate y Tomatillos Verdes
Salsa Verde Con Aguacate y Tomatillos Verdes
Published: 2014/01/20
Channel: BuenProvechoTV
Chipotle Salsa With Roasted Tomatillos - Tomatillo Recipes
Chipotle Salsa With Roasted Tomatillos - Tomatillo Recipes
Published: 2016/10/24
Channel: Casey Draper
Chorizo Tacos With Grilled Tomatillo-Pasilla Salsa
Chorizo Tacos With Grilled Tomatillo-Pasilla Salsa
Published: 2013/03/29
Channel: BEER-N-BBQ by Larry
Chili Verde Recipe - Easy Pork & Tomatillo Stew - How to Make Green Chili
Chili Verde Recipe - Easy Pork & Tomatillo Stew - How to Make Green Chili
Published: 2015/09/01
Channel: Food Wishes
Mexican Green Salsa - Tomatillo Salsa
Mexican Green Salsa - Tomatillo Salsa
Published: 2015/06/30
Channel: No Hippie BBQ & Cooking
Tomatillo-Avocado Salsa
Tomatillo-Avocado Salsa
Published: 2013/06/26
Channel: How2Heroes
Tomatillo Sauce Recipe
Tomatillo Sauce Recipe
Published: 2011/09/22
Channel: keith snow
homemade tomatillo salsa
homemade tomatillo salsa
Published: 2016/06/25
Channel: Bubble Child
How to Make Tomatillo Guacamole
How to Make Tomatillo Guacamole
Published: 2014/03/03
Channel: QVCtv
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Tomatillo
Temporal range: Early Eocene to Recent, 52–0 Ma
Tomatillo.jpg
Fresh harvest of tomatillos
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Physalis
Species: P. philadelphica
Binomial name
Physalis philadelphica
Lam. (1786)
Synonyms

Physalis ixocarpa Brot.

Physalis ixocarpa - MHNT

The tomatillo (Physalis philadelphica), also known as the Mexican husk tomato, is a plant of the nightshade family bearing small, spherical and green or green-purple fruit of the same name.

Tomatillos originated in Mexico and were cultivated in the pre-Columbian era.[1] A staple of Mexican cuisine, they are eaten raw or cooked in a variety of dishes, particularly salsa verde.

History[edit]

The wild tomatillo and related plants are found everywhere in the Americas except in the far north, with the highest diversity in Mexico. In 2017, scientists reported on their discovery and analysis of a fossil tomatillo found in the Patagonian region of Argentina, dated to 52 million years B.P. The finding has pushed back the earliest appearance of the Solanaceae plant family of which the tomatillos are one genus.[2]

Tomatillos were domesticated in Mexico before the coming of Europeans, and played an important part in the culture of the Maya and the Aztecs, more important than the tomato.[3] The specific name philadelphica dates from the 18th century.[3]

Distribution[edit]

Tomatillos are native to Central America and the south-western region of North America. In Mexico, the plant is grown mostly in the states of Hidalgo and Morelos; it is also grown in the highlands of Guatemala where it is known as "miltomate".

The plant has been exported around the world. In the 1950s, it was exported to India, where it was cultivated in Rajasthan; it is grown and processed also in Queensland (Australia), Polokwane (South Africa), and Kenya. In the United States, tomatillos are grown in California and Iowa, where scientists from Iowa State University promoted a strain of tomatillos for Midwestern farmers they dubbed "jamberry".[3] In 1952, another strain was introduced in Ohio, under the name "jumbo husk tomato".[4]

Uses[edit]

Tomatillos are a key ingredient in fresh and cooked Mexican and Central-American green sauces. The green color and tart flavor are the main culinary contributions of the fruit. Purple and red-ripening cultivars often have a slight sweetness, unlike the green- and yellow-ripening cultivars, and are therefore generally used in jams and preserves. Like their close relatives, cape gooseberries, tomatillos have a high pectin content. Another characteristic is they tend to have a varying degree of a sappy sticky coating, mostly when used on the green side out of the husk.

Ripe tomatillos keep refrigerated for about two weeks. They keep even longer with the husks removed and the fruit refrigerated in sealed plastic bags.[5] They may also be frozen whole or sliced.

Plant[edit]

Plants are typically about one meter in height, and can either be compact and upright or prostrate with a wider, less dense canopy. The leaves are typically serrated and can either be smooth or pubescent.

Tomatillo plant with buds; pubescent stem and serrated leaves noticeable

Flower[edit]

Flowers come in several colors including white, light green, bright yellow, and sometimes purple. Flowers may or may not have purple spots toward the center of the corolla. The anthers are typically dark purple to pale blue. Tomatillo plants are highly self-incompatible, and two or more plants are needed for proper pollination. Thus, isolated tomatillo plants rarely set fruit.[6]

Fruit[edit]

The tomatillo fruit is surrounded by an inedible, paper-like husk formed from the calyx. As the fruit matures, it fills the husk and can split it open by harvest. The husk turns brown, and the fruit can be several colors when ripe, including yellow, green, or even purple. The freshness and greenness of the husk are quality criteria.

Flower types:

Varieties[edit]

There are several varieties of tomatillos, with a variety of tastes and traits. (They ripen to be the following colors: green, yellow, and purple.) The Pineapple tomatillo, for instance, is yellow and has hints of pineapple flavor;[7] Rio Grande Verde is very large, and green, by comparison. Like tomatoes, tomatillos may be either indeterminate or determinate,[8][9] although they are sometimes thought to be generally indeterminate.[10] Here is a list of tomatillo varieties:

Names[edit]

Tomatillos

The tomatillo (from Nahuatl, tomatl[3]) is also known as husk tomato,[25] Mexican groundcherry,[26] large-flowered tomatillo,[27] or Mexican husk tomato. Some of these names, however, can also refer to other species in the Physalis genus.[3] Other names are Mexican green tomato and miltomate. In Spanish, it is called tomate de cáscara, tomate de fresadilla, tomate milpero, tomate verde (green tomato), tomatillo (Mexico; this term means "little tomato" elsewhere), miltomate (Mexico, Guatemala), or simply tomate (in which case the tomato is called jitomate). Tomatillos are sometimes called "green tomatoes"; unripe tomatoes may go by the same name, though the fruit is in a different genus.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Plata, Edith Metcalfe de (1984). Mexican Vegetarian Cooking. Inner Traditions/Bear. p. 17. ISBN 9780892813414. 
  2. ^ "Eocene lantern fruits from Gondwanan Patagonia and the early origins of Solanaceae", Wilf et al, Science, 06 Jan 2017, Vol. 355, Issue 6320, pp. 71-75, DOI: 10.1126/science.aag2737
  3. ^ a b c d e Small, Ernest (2011). Top 100 Exotic Food Plants. CRC Press. pp. 117–20. ISBN 9781439856888. 
  4. ^ Morton, Julia F. (1987). "Mexican Husk Tomato". Fruits of Warm Climates. Winterville: Creative Resource Systems. pp. 434–37. ISBN 0-9610184-1-0. 
  5. ^ Carter, Noelle; Deane, Donna (14 May 2008). "Tomatillo: a green sourpuss with a sweet side". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 3 August 2009. 
  6. ^ Vernonica E. Franklin-Tong, ed. (2008). Self-Incompatibility in Flowering Plants: Evolution, Diversity and Mechanisms. Springer. ISBN 978-3-540-68485-5. 
  7. ^ a b http://www.reimerseeds.com/pineapple-tomatillo.aspx
  8. ^ a b http://www.rareseeds.com/rio-grande-verde-tomatillo/
  9. ^ https://www.totallytomato.com/dp.asp?pID=00870&c=129&p=Toma+Verde+Tomatillo
  10. ^ http://extension.oregonstate.edu/gardening/grow-tomatillos-green-salsa-salsa-verde
  11. ^ http://www.rareseeds.com/amarylla-tomatillo/
  12. ^ http://www.tradewindsfruit.com/physalis-ixocarpa-cisineros-tomatillo-seeds
  13. ^ http://www.reimerseeds.com/everona-large-green-tomatillo.aspx
  14. ^ http://www.reimerseeds.com/gigante-tomatillo.aspx
  15. ^ http://www.reimerseeds.com/green-husk-tomatillo.aspx
  16. ^ http://www.territorialseed.com/product/Mexican_Strain_Organic_Tomatillo_Seed/tomatillo_and_ground_cherry_seed
  17. ^ http://www.reimerseeds.com/mt-pima-tomatillo-10.aspx
  18. ^ http://www.highmowingseeds.com/organic-non-gmo-seeds-purple-tomatillo.html
  19. ^ http://www.rareseeds.com/purple-coban-tomatillo/
  20. ^ http://www.redwoodseeds.net/products/purple-de-milpa-tomatillo
  21. ^ http://www.rareseeds.com/tiny-from-coban-tomatillo/
  22. ^ http://www.johnnyseeds.com/p-7925-toma-verde.aspx
  23. ^ http://www.rareseeds.com/tomatillo-verde/
  24. ^ http://www.tradewindsfruit.com/physalis-ixocarpa-yellow-tomatillo-seeds
  25. ^ Valladolid, Marcela (2010). Fresh Mexico: 100 Simple Recipes for True Mexican Flavor. Potter/TenSpeed/Harmony. p. 249. ISBN 9780307885531. 
  26. ^ "Physalis philadelphica". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 31 January 2016. 
  27. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-02-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 

External links[edit]

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