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Tondo: Manila
Tondo: Manila's largest slum - The space in between
Published: 2014/09/10
Channel: Al Jazeera English
UB: Pamamaril sa isang lalaki sa Tondo, Manila, na-hulicam
UB: Pamamaril sa isang lalaki sa Tondo, Manila, na-hulicam
Published: 2016/09/07
Channel: GMA News
Drive Trip!! Philippines - Tondo Manila
Drive Trip!! Philippines - Tondo Manila
Published: 2014/05/07
Channel: dmitrivalencia
Philippines-The Slum - Episode 1: Deliverance
Philippines-The Slum - Episode 1: Deliverance
Published: 2014/09/19
Channel: Al Jazeera English
Asiong Salonga FULL MOVIE
Asiong Salonga FULL MOVIE
Published: 2014/02/22
Channel: Santino 13
Tondo Manila walkabout
Tondo Manila walkabout
Published: 2017/05/07
Channel: KanoSaManila
The DRUG WARS in  Parola, Tondo Manila
The DRUG WARS in Parola, Tondo Manila
Published: 2016/08/22
Channel: thebalitadotcom
HOME-COOKED Filipino Food - Eating Manila Street Food in TONDO, Philippines!
HOME-COOKED Filipino Food - Eating Manila Street Food in TONDO, Philippines!
Published: 2017/05/17
Channel: Mark Wiens
ACTUAL VIDEO SUMIKLAB ANG SUNOG SA BAHALAGI NG MALATE AT TONDO MANILA !
ACTUAL VIDEO SUMIKLAB ANG SUNOG SA BAHALAGI NG MALATE AT TONDO MANILA !
Published: 2017/08/18
Channel: DUTERTE NEWS REPORT
"Aroma" slum in Tondo, Manila part 1
"Aroma" slum in Tondo, Manila part 1
Published: 2015/04/09
Channel: Youth For Change
Clashes over Manila slum demolition - no comment
Clashes over Manila slum demolition - no comment
Published: 2013/07/01
Channel: No Comment TV
TRIBU (2007) Official Full Movie version (English subtitles)
TRIBU (2007) Official Full Movie version (English subtitles)
Published: 2013/04/05
Channel: Jim Libiran
TRIBU Behind-the-scenes #5
TRIBU Behind-the-scenes #5
Published: 2007/07/06
Channel: Jim Libiran
Life in Tondo Slums, Manila, Philippines
Life in Tondo Slums, Manila, Philippines
Published: 2008/07/03
Channel: grease4wheelsOFpeace
UB: Lalaki, patay sa pamamaril sa Tondo, Manila
UB: Lalaki, patay sa pamamaril sa Tondo, Manila
Published: 2016/03/14
Channel: GMA News
フィリピン マニラ トンド Manila Tondo Philippine
フィリピン マニラ トンド Manila Tondo Philippine
Published: 2015/05/08
Channel: Takeshi Fukui
Shooting Encounter - Peñalosa franco tondo manila
Shooting Encounter - Peñalosa franco tondo manila
Published: 2016/08/04
Channel: balitang kalye
Life in Tondo トンドの生活
Life in Tondo トンドの生活
Published: 2012/05/07
Channel: stinkythe
Bikini open @ bambang tondo manila
Bikini open @ bambang tondo manila
Published: 2017/07/02
Channel: AKO ang ina ng mga BAKLA
Miss Gay Pangkalawakan in Tondo Manila
Miss Gay Pangkalawakan in Tondo Manila
Published: 2017/01/23
Channel: TypicalBiker Channel
BT: Rambulan ng mga kabataan, na-huli cam; tanod, sugatan nang masabugan ng pillbox
BT: Rambulan ng mga kabataan, na-huli cam; tanod, sugatan nang masabugan ng pillbox
Published: 2015/06/16
Channel: GMA News
10-70 3RD ALARM TRINIDAD ST., TONDO, MANILA - Masagana Tanker Responding
10-70 3RD ALARM TRINIDAD ST., TONDO, MANILA - Masagana Tanker Responding
Published: 2016/05/13
Channel: New Market
Bikino open rapsa @ bambang tondo manila
Bikino open rapsa @ bambang tondo manila
Published: 2017/07/04
Channel: AKO ang ina ng mga BAKLA
UB: Lalaki, patay matapos makipagbarilan sa mga pulis sa Tondo, Manila
UB: Lalaki, patay matapos makipagbarilan sa mga pulis sa Tondo, Manila
Published: 2014/12/05
Channel: GMA News
UB: 2 most wanted ng Tondo, Manila, arestado
UB: 2 most wanted ng Tondo, Manila, arestado
Published: 2016/03/03
Channel: GMA News
REALITY OF POVERTY IN THE PHILIPPINES | Tondo Manila
REALITY OF POVERTY IN THE PHILIPPINES | Tondo Manila
Published: 2017/02/27
Channel: The Black Filipino
Sobra gwapo ni kuya bikini open @ bambang tondo manila
Sobra gwapo ni kuya bikini open @ bambang tondo manila
Published: 2017/07/06
Channel: AKO ang ina ng mga BAKLA
Visit to Smokey Mountain, Tondo, Manila, Philippines
Visit to Smokey Mountain, Tondo, Manila, Philippines
Published: 2013/03/21
Channel: Matt Farley
Helping the homeless families in Tondo, Manila
Helping the homeless families in Tondo, Manila
Published: 2017/05/09
Channel: axle pangilinan
FPJ ng Tondo AKA "Eseng" ng tondo manila
FPJ ng Tondo AKA "Eseng" ng tondo manila
Published: 2014/09/07
Channel: Pinoy Trending News
BT: Holdaper sa Tondo, Manila, bugbog sarado sa taumbayan
BT: Holdaper sa Tondo, Manila, bugbog sarado sa taumbayan
Published: 2012/06/20
Channel: GMA News
10-70 @ Tondo Manila - T.F. Charlie (01-12-15) P-1
10-70 @ Tondo Manila - T.F. Charlie (01-12-15) P-1
Published: 2015/01/26
Channel: John Mojica
NEWS BREAK I Mga imahe ng Sto. Nino, ipinarada sa Tondo, Manila
NEWS BREAK I Mga imahe ng Sto. Nino, ipinarada sa Tondo, Manila
Published: 2017/01/14
Channel: PTV
Sunog sa tondo manila
Sunog sa tondo manila
Published: 2015/03/30
Channel: Viral News
UB: Sunog sa isang residential area sa Tondo, Manila, under control na
UB: Sunog sa isang residential area sa Tondo, Manila, under control na
Published: 2015/12/17
Channel: GMA News
New year 2016.Tondo Manila
New year 2016.Tondo Manila
Published: 2016/01/06
Channel: MikeTv
UB: Task Force Alpha, itinaas sa sunog sa Tondo, Manila
UB: Task Force Alpha, itinaas sa sunog sa Tondo, Manila
Published: 2016/05/27
Channel: GMA News
For street children in Tondo, Manila, Philippines ( when you believe )
For street children in Tondo, Manila, Philippines ( when you believe )
Published: 2009/09/27
Channel: galbittoljuice
UB: Isang lalaki, patay matapos pagbabarilin sa Tondo, Manila
UB: Isang lalaki, patay matapos pagbabarilin sa Tondo, Manila
Published: 2015/03/11
Channel: GMA News
Bikini open 2 @ bambang tondo manila
Bikini open 2 @ bambang tondo manila
Published: 2017/07/05
Channel: AKO ang ina ng mga BAKLA
The Streets of Tondo, Manila
The Streets of Tondo, Manila
Published: 2013/12/28
Channel: Tareina Hunt
QRT: Babae at lalaking magkasosyo sa negosyo, patay sa pamamaril sa Tondo, Manila
QRT: Babae at lalaking magkasosyo sa negosyo, patay sa pamamaril sa Tondo, Manila
Published: 2017/05/30
Channel: GMA News
NTG: 5 katao, patay sa sunog sa Tondo, Manila
NTG: 5 katao, patay sa sunog sa Tondo, Manila
Published: 2014/06/03
Channel: GMA News
BT: 5 sugatan sa sunog sa residential area sa Tondo, Manila
BT: 5 sugatan sa sunog sa residential area sa Tondo, Manila
Published: 2016/01/29
Channel: GMA News
Hari ng Tondo - Gloc 9 ft. Denise (Manila Kingpin, The Asiong Salonga Story)
Hari ng Tondo - Gloc 9 ft. Denise (Manila Kingpin, The Asiong Salonga Story)
Published: 2011/12/08
Channel: Rico Gutierrez
My Move to Tondo, Manila - Smokey Mountain Area
My Move to Tondo, Manila - Smokey Mountain Area
Published: 2012/11/23
Channel: Tareina Hunt
UB: Bagong Taon, magdamag ipinagdiwang sa Tondo, Manila
UB: Bagong Taon, magdamag ipinagdiwang sa Tondo, Manila
Published: 2015/01/01
Channel: GMA News
JUAN FOR ALL : 50 zone 4, TONDO, MANILA #-1
JUAN FOR ALL : 50 zone 4, TONDO, MANILA #-1
Published: 2011/07/09
Channel: drnotbu
Snake caught in Tondo, Manila
Snake caught in Tondo, Manila
Published: 2014/10/22
Channel: Eagle News
BT: Lalaking nakasilid sa drum, nakita   sa Tondo, Manila
BT: Lalaking nakasilid sa drum, nakita sa Tondo, Manila
Published: 2012/05/22
Channel: GMA News
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Tondo
Recto Avenue running through Divisoria.
Recto Avenue running through Divisoria.
Location of Tondo
Country Philippines
Region National Capital Region
City Manila
Congressional District 5th District
Population (2015)[1]
 • Total 631,363
Time zone Philippine Standard Time (UTC+08:00)

Tondo is a district located in Manila, Philippines. It is the largest in terms of area and population of Manila's sixteen districts,[2] with a Census-estimated 631,313 people in 2015 and consists of two congressional districts. It is also the most densely populated district in the city. Today, if it were an independent city, Tondo would rank as the thirteenth most populous city in the Philippines, behind only the other districts of the City of Manila combined, and the cities of Quezon, Davao, Caloocan, Cebu, Zamboanga, Taguig, Antipolo, Pasig, Cagayan de Oro, Paranaque and Dasmarinas. Tondo hosts the country's largest ports, the Manila North Harbour and the Manila International Container Terminal.

According to Laguna Copperplate Inscription, Tondo has existed since 900 AD, and has been ruled first by Jayadewa who holds the title Senapati or "admiral" in Sanskrit.

History[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Numerous theories on the origin of the name "Tondo" have been put forward. Philippine National Artist Nick Joaquin suggested that it might be a reference to high ground ("tundok").[3] French linguist Jean-Paul Potet, however, has suggested that the River Mangrove, Aegiceras corniculatum, which at the time was called "tundok" ("tinduk-tindukan" today), is the most likely origin of the name.[4]

Kingdom of Tondo[edit]

Laguna Copperplate Inscription (c. 900 AD)

The former region of Tondo is over 1,100 years old. Historically, Tondo already existed in the year 900 AD according to the Laguna Copperplate Inscription,[5] a legal document written in Kawi now housed in the National Museum of Anthropology. According to this document, Tondo was ruled by person called Jayadeva who holds the Sanskrit title of senapati or the equivalent of an admiral. The Kingdom of Tondo also extended all the way to the modern-day province of Bulacan particularly around Lihan (Malolos) and Gatbuca (Calumpit).[citation needed]

Tondo was ruled by a line of lakan until the Spanish conquest.[citation needed]

Colonial Period[edit]

After the Spaniards conquered Tundun in January 1571 they established the Province of Tondo with the city of Manila as its center, the province covered much territories in Northern Luzon particularly Pampanga, Bulacan and Rizal (formerly called Morong) In census conducted by Miguel de Loarca in 1583 Tondo was reported to have spoken the same language as the natives of the province of Pampanga.[6] Institute of National Language commissioner Jose Villa Panganiban also wrote that the dividing line between Kapampangan and Tagalog was the Pasig River, and that Tondo therefore originally spoke Kapampangan.[7] although Fray Isacio Rodriquez's Historia dela Provincia del Santisimo Nombre de Jesus de Filipinas stated that Provincia de Tagalos which is Tondo covers all the territories of the future Archdiocese of Manila. Prior to the establishment of the Province of Bulacan in 1578 Malolos and Calumpit were also included in the territory of Tondo as its visitas. In 1800, the Province of Tondo was renamed to Province of Manila.[citation needed]

Tondo was one of the first provinces to declare rebellion against Spain in year 1896. In 1911, under the American colonial regime, there was a major reorganization of political divisions, and the province of Tondo was dissolved, and its towns given to the provinces of Rizal and Bulacan. Today, Tondo just exists as a district in the City of Manila.[citation needed]

Characteristics[edit]

  • A densely populated district
    • West Tondo, which includes the Manila North Harbour area, has a land area of 5.64 km². with a population of 407,330 (2007); 72,222 persons per km².
    • East Tondo, commonly known as Gagalangin, has a land area of 3.46 km². with a population of 223,274 (2007); 64,530 persons per km².
    • average residential population density: 69,297 persons per km².
  • It is the location of a notorious and now closed landfill called Smokey Mountain.
  • It once was the location of the major Procter and Gamble plant in the Philippines at Vitas Street—now closed and dismantled.
  • It once was the location of the La Tondena Distillery located in Dagupan St. near the Tutuban Station and the Tutuban Shopping Center
  • The main terminal of the Philippine National Railways is located at the Tutuban district, which is close to the birthplace of Andres Bonifacio. This is now converted to a mall (Tutuban Center).
  • West of the district lies the major inter-island port of Manila, North Harbor, and the Manila Container Port.
  • The slaughterhouse (matadero) of the Manila City Government is located also at Vitas Street.
  • Every third Sunday of January, the Feast of the Sto. Niño of Manila (the Infant Jesus) is celebrated by a procession early in the morning from Tondo Church and winding down its narrow streets punctuated by fireworks.
  • The LRT Line 1 has 2 stations in the Tondo area, namely: Abad Santos and R. Papa.
  • It is the Location of Largest Common Locale of Iglesia ni Cristo which is the 6000 seater INC Tondo Locale Chapel at Juan Luna st. cor. Moriones Road.

Lakbayaw Festival[edit]

On the third Sunday of January, the Sto. Niño festivals began in various parts of the country, particularly in Tondo, Manila. Its parish priest Fr. Enrique Santos, of the Sto. Niño Parish, said the celebrations of 2008 started "with the traditional procession of devotees dancing on the street while carrying images of the Child Jesus; a pagoda carrying an old image of Sto. Niño from Spain will lead the parade with 20 smaller boats accompanying it; the parish in Tondo houses the image of Sto. Niño made of ivory that was brought to the country by Augustinian priests from Acapulco, Mexico in the late 1570s."[8]

Hospitals[edit]

  • Tondo General Hospital
  • Mary Johnston Hospital
  • Gat. Andres Bonifacio Hospital
  • Metropolitan Hospital
  • Ospital ng Tondo
  • Amisola Maternity Hospital (Hermosa Street, Manuguit, Tondo)
  • Santa Rita College Hospital (T.Earnshaw Street, Gagalangin Tondo) [DEMOLISHED]
  • Jose Hospital

Landmarks[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

Tondo is the backdrop for the independent movie Tribu, which shows street life and gang life from an impoverished boy's point of view.

Photos[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Gaspar de San Agustin, Conquistas de las Islas Filipinas 1565-1615, Translated by Luis Antonio Mañeru, 1st bilingual ed [Spanish and English], published by Pedro Galende, OSA: Intramuros, Manila, 1998
  • Henson, Mariano A. 1965. The Province of Pampanga and Its Towns: A.D. 1300-1965. 4th ed. revised. Angeles City: By the author.
  • Loarca, Miguel de. 1582. Relacion de las Yslas Filipinas. Blair and Robertson vol. 5 page 87:
  • Panganiban, J.V. 1972. Diksyunaryo-Tesauro Pilipino-Ingles. Quezon City: Manlapaz Publishing Co.
  • Mallat, Jean, Les Philippines: Histoire, Geographie, Moeurs, Agriculture, Idustrie, Commerce des colonies Espagnoles dans l'Océanie, Paris: Arthus Bertrand, Libraire de la Société de Géographie, 1846
  • Santiago, Luciano P.R., The Houses of Lakandula, Matanda, and Soliman [1571-1898]: Genealogy and Group Identity, Philippine Quarterly of Culture and Society 18 [1990]
  • Scott, William Henry, Barangay: Sixteenth-Century Philippine Culture and Society, Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press, 1994
  • Scott, William Henry, Prehispanic Source Materials for the Study of Philippine History, Quezon City: New Day Publishers, 1984

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 14°37′01″N 120°58′01″E / 14.617°N 120.967°E / 14.617; 120.967

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