|Toronto Pearson International Airport
Aéroport international Pearson de Toronto
|IATA: YYZ – ICAO: CYYZ
– WMO: 71624
|Operator||Greater Toronto Airports Authority (GTAA)|
|Serves||Greater Toronto Area|
|Location||Mississauga and Toronto, Ontario|
|Time zone||EST (UTC−05:00)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC−04:00)|
|Elevation AMSL||569 ft / 173 m|
Toronto Pearson International Airport (IATA: YYZ, ICAO: CYYZ), officially Lester B. Pearson International Airport or simply Toronto Pearson or Pearson Airport, is an international airport serving the city of Toronto, Ontario, Canada, its metropolitan area, and the Golden Horseshoe, an urban agglomeration of 8.7 million people. The airport is located 22.5 km (14.0 mi) northwest of Downtown Toronto, with the bulk of the airport (including the two main terminals) located in the adjacent city of Mississauga, and a small portion of the airfield extending into Etobicoke, Toronto's western district. The airport is named in honour of Toronto-born Lester B. Pearson, Nobel Peace Prize Laureate and 14th Prime Minister of Canada.
Pearson Airport is the largest and busiest airport in Canada. In 2015, it handled 41,036,847 passengers and 443,154 aircraft movements. It is the world's 33rd-busiest airport by total passenger traffic, 22nd-busiest airport by international passenger traffic, and 15th-busiest airport by flights. Pearson handles more international passengers than any airport in North America other than John F. Kennedy International Airport.
Pearson is the main hub for Air Canada. It is also a hub for passenger airline WestJet and cargo airline FedEx Express, and serves as an operating base for passenger airlines Air Transat and Sunwing Airlines. Pearson Airport is operated by the Greater Toronto Airports Authority (GTAA) as part of Transport Canada's National Airports System and is one of eight Canadian airports with facilities for United States border preclearance.
An extensive network of non-stop domestic flights is operated from Pearson by several airlines to all major and many secondary cities across all provinces of Canada. As of 2016, over 75 airlines operate around 1,100 daily departures from Toronto Pearson to more than 180 destinations across all six of the world's inhabited continents.
Toronto Pearson International Airport was established in 1937, when the Government of Canada announced its intention to build an airport in Toronto. A site near the town of Malton, northwest of Toronto, was chosen as the location for the facility. The Toronto Harbour Commission purchased and acquired several farms that were located in the area at the time. In its early days, Toronto Pearson was referred to as Malton Airport. The first scheduled passenger flight to Malton Airport was a Trans-Canada Airlines DC-3 that landed on August 29, 1939.
In 1958, the City of Toronto sold the Malton Airport to Transport Canada, who subsequently changed the name of the facility to Toronto International Airport. The airport was officially renamed Lester B. Pearson International Airport in 1984, in honour of Lester B. Pearson, the fourteenth Prime Minister of Canada and recipient of the 1957 Nobel Peace Prize. The Greater Toronto Airports Authority assumed management, operation, and control of the airport in 1996.
Toronto Pearson International Airport has two active terminals, Terminal 1 and Terminal 3. Both terminals are designed to handle all three sectors of travel (domestic, transborder, and international), which results in terminal operations at Pearson being grouped for airlines and airline alliances, rather than for domestic and international routes.
A third terminal, the Infield Terminal (IFT), is currently not used for regular operations at Pearson.
Measuring over 567,000 square metres (6,000,000 sq ft), Terminal 1 is the largest terminal at Pearson Airport and is among the largest buildings in the world by floor space. Air Canada and all other Star Alliance airlines that serve Toronto Pearson operate out of Terminal 1. The terminal is also used by non-alliance airline Emirates.
Terminal 1 was designed by a joint venture known as Airports Architects Canada, comprising Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP, Adamson Associates Architects and Moshe Safdie and Associates. It contains 58 gates: D1, D3, D5, D7-D12, D20, D22, D24, D26, D28, D31–D45 (D32, D34, D36 also serve US flights and carry F designation), D51, D53, D55, D57 (also carry F designation), F60–F63, F64A–F64B, F65, F66A–F66B, F/E67–F/E81 (F68-F73 and F78-F81 serve both US and international flights but E74-E77 are international only), F91, and F93. Two of the gates, E73 and E75, can accommodate the Airbus A380.
Along with the standard customs and immigration facilities, Terminal 1 also contains special customs "B" checkpoints along the international arrivals walkway. Passengers that are connecting from an international or trans-border arrival to another international (non-U.S.) departure in Terminal 1 go to one of these checkpoints for passport control and immigration checks, then are immediately directed to Pier F for departure. This alleviates the need to recheck bags, pass through security screening, and relieves congestion in the primary customs hall.
Terminal 3, which opened on February 21, 1991, was originally built to offset traffic from the former Aeroquay 1 and former Terminal 2. It is used by all SkyTeam and Oneworld airlines that serve Pearson, along with WestJet, Air Transat, Sunwing Airlines, Etihad Airways, and most other airlines that are unaffiliated with an airline alliance. The terminal has 100,000 square metres (1,100,000 sq ft) of floor space and features 48 gates: A1–A6, B1a-B1d, B2a-B2b, B3-B5, B7–B20, B22 and C24–C41.
Terminal 3 was designed by B+H Architects and Scott Associates Architects Inc. The terminal, initially referred to as "Trillium Terminal 3" or the "Trillium Terminal", was originally built as a private venture and was the base of operations for the now defunct Canadian Airlines.
In 1997, the GTAA purchased Terminal 3 and shortly thereafter implemented a C$350 million expansion. A team of coordinators known as T3RD oversaw the redevelopment and expansion of the terminal. In 2004, the Pier C Expansion opened, followed by the East Processor Extension (EPE) in June 2006, adding 40 check-in counters, new retail space, additional secure 'hold-screening' for baggage, and a huge picture window that offers one of the most convenient apron viewing locations at the airport. This phase of the expansion also included improved Canadian Border services and a more open arrivals hall. Phase II of the EPE was completed in 2007 and includes larger security screening areas and additional international baggage claim areas, while the West Processor Expansion Shell was completed in early 2008.
A 5-level parking garage with 4,200 parking spaces is located directly across from the terminal along with the The Sheraton Hotel, both of which are connected to Terminal 3 by an elevated pedestrian walkway.
The infield terminal was built to handle traffic displaced during the development and construction of the current Terminal 1. Its gates were opened in 2002 and 2003, and a first class lounge was opened in 2005. The terminal, also known as the IFT, has 11 gates (521 to 531). When it was in regular use, passengers were transported by bus between Terminal 1 and the IFT to reach their gates. Though currently not used for regular operations, plans are in place to reactivate it if necessary in the future to accommodate seasonal or overflow demand, or to provide additional capacity during future terminal building construction at the airport.
The Infield Terminal is frequently used as a location to film major motion pictures and television productions.
There are currently five runways in operation at Toronto Pearson, aligned in both the east-west direction and the north-south direction. A large network of taxiways, collectively measuring over 40 kilometres (25 mi) in length, provides access between the runways and the passenger terminals, air cargo areas, and airline hangar areas.
|05/23||3,389 metres (11,119 ft)||60 metres (197 ft)||Cat. IIIa (05), Cat. I (23)||East-West|
|06L/24R||2,956 metres (9,698 ft)||60 metres (197 ft)||Cat. IIIa (6L), Cat. I (24R)||East-West|
|06R/24L||2,743 metres (8,999 ft)||60 metres (197 ft)||Cat. I (both directions)||East-West|
|15L/33R||3,368 metres (11,050 ft)||60 metres (197 ft)||Cat. I (both directions)||North-South|
|15R/33L||2,770 metres (9,088 ft)||60 metres (197 ft)||Cat. I (both directions)||North-South|
Pearson is home to Toronto Area Control Centre, one of seven Air Control Centres in Canada, all of which are operated by Nav Canada. The airport's main control tower is located within the infield operations area. Pearson is one of two airports in Canada with a Traffic Management Unit (TMU) to control planes on the apron areas. The TMU is located in the tower at Terminal 1.
The Greater Toronto Airports Authority Fire and Emergency Service has 2 fire stations to provide firefighting and rescue operations. The fire service has 5 crash tenders as well as two pumpers, an aerial ladder and heavy rescue unit. The fire service is supported by a crew of 80 firefighters.
The airport's 115-member airfield maintenance unit is responsible for general maintenance and repairs at the airport. From mid-November to mid-April, the unit is in winter mode armed with a $38 million snow removal budget. The airport employs 94 pieces of snow clearance equipment, including 11 Vammas PSB series and 4 Oshkosh HT-Series snowplow units, along with 14 snow melters.
Pearson Airport's Central De-icing Facility is the largest in the world, servicing about 10,500 aircraft each winter. The six de-icing bays can handle up to 12 aircraft at a time, taking between 2 and 19 minutes per aircraft.
Toronto Pearson processes over 45% of total air cargo in Canada. There are three primary cargo facilities at the airport, known as The Cargo West Facilities, the VISTA Cargo area, and the FedEx cargo area.
The Cargo West Facilities (also known as the Infield Cargo Area) are located between runways 15L/33R and 15R/33L. The area includes three large buildings, a common use cargo apron, vehicle parking, and a truck maneuvering area. It is connected to the passenger terminal area by a four-lane vehicle tunnel. The VISTA cargo area (also known as Cargo East) is a privately owned and operated complex that is located north of Terminal 3. The VISTA cargo area consists of a multi-tenant facility organized in a U-shape with an adjacent cargo apron area. The FedEx Cargo area (also known as Cargo North) is the Canadian hub for FedEx Express. The site occupies an area on the north side of the airport lands near runway 05/23, and is home to two cargo buildings along with dedicated ramp space.
There are seven aircraft maintenance hangars located at Pearson Airport, operated by Air Canada, Air Transat, Westjet, and the GTAA which are used for line maintenance and routine aircraft inspections. At the north end of the airfield, there are numerous hangars for personal private jets and charter aircraft, along with VIP passenger terminal facilities and maintenance services for these aircraft.
The Greater Toronto Airports Authority maintains offices that are located on Convair Drive near the southeast corner of the airport. Cara Operations and CLS Catering Services both operate dedicated flight kitchen facilities at Pearson for airline catering services. Aviation fuel (Jet A-1) is supplied by Esso Avitat and Shell Aerocentre, which are both located at the infield area of the airport.
The Peel Regional Police is the primary law enforcement agency operating at Pearson Airport. The Airport Division is based at 2951 Convair Drive, on the southern perimeter of the airport adjacent to Highway 401. The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) also maintain a Pearson Airport Detachment, which provides federal police services. The Detachment is located at 255 Attwell Drive, east of the airport in Etobicoke.
operated by ASL Airlines Ireland
|Air Canada||Amsterdam, Antigua, Aruba, Beijing–Capital, Bermuda, Bogotá, Boston, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Calgary, Chicago–O'Hare, Copenhagen, Deer Lake, Delhi, Denver, Dubai–International, Edmonton, Fort McMurray, Frankfurt, Geneva, Grand Cayman, Halifax, Hong Kong, Istanbul–Atatürk, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Mexico City, Montréal–Trudeau, Munich, New York–LaGuardia, Newark, Ottawa, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Providenciales, Regina, Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, Rome–Fiumicino, St. John's (NL), Saint Lucia–Hewanorra, Salt Lake City, San Francisco, Santiago de Chile, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Saskatoon, Seattle/Tacoma, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Sydney (AU), Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Tokyo–Haneda, Vancouver, Victoria, Winnipeg, Zürich
Seasonal: Cozumel, Eagle/Vail, Gander, George Town/Exuma, Ixtapa-Zihuatanejo, Madrid, Milan–Malpensa, Portland (OR), Puerto Vallarta, San Juan, Tokyo–Narita, West Palm Beach
|Air Canada Express||Atlanta, Austin, Baltimore, Boston, Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbus (OH), Dallas/Fort Worth, Detroit, Fredericton, Harrisburg, Hartford, Houston–Intercontinental, Indianapolis, Jacksonville (FL), Kansas City, Kingston (ON), London (ON), Milwaukee, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Moncton, Montréal–Trudeau, Nashville, New Orleans, New York–LaGuardia, Newark, North Bay, Ottawa, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Québec City, Raleigh/Durham, Rochester (NY), Saint John (NB), St. Louis, Sarnia, Sault Ste. Marie (ON), Sudbury, Syracuse, Thunder Bay, Timmins, Washington–Dulles, Washington–National, Windsor
Seasonal: Charlottetown, Denver, Mont Tremblant, Saskatoon, Regina
|Air Canada Rouge||Barbados, Barcelona, Cancún, Cayo Coco, Dublin, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Grenada, Havana, Holguín, Kelowna, Kingston–Norman Manley, Las Vegas, Liberia, Lima, Miami, Montego Bay, Nassau, Orlando–MCO, Panama City–Tocumen, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Puerto Plata, Punta Cana, Samaná, San Diego, San José de Costa Rica, Santa Clara, Sarasota, Sydney (NS), Tampa, Varadero
Seasonal: Abbotsford, Athens, Budapest, Charlottetown, Curaçao, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Honolulu, Huatulco, La Romana, Lisbon, London–Gatwick, Manchester (UK), Palm Springs (begins December 14, 2016), Prague, St. Maarten, Port of Spain (begins December 21, 2016), San José del Cabo, St. Kitts, Venice–Marco Polo, Warsaw–Chopin
|Air France||Paris–Charles de Gaulle||3|
|Air Transat||Cancún, Cayo Coco, Fort Lauderdale, Glasgow, Holguín, Lisbon, London–Gatwick, Manchester (UK), Montego Bay, Montréal–Trudeau, Orlando–MCO, Porto, Puerto Plata, Punta Cana, Samaná, Santa Clara, Varadero
Seasonal: Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Birmingham (UK), Budapest, Calgary, Camaguey, Cartagena (begins December 23, 2016), Cayo Largo, Cozumel, Curaçao, Dublin, Faro, Huatulco, Lamezia Terme, La Romana, Liberia, Managua (begins December 22, 2016), Panama City–Tocumen, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Prague, Puerto Vallarta, Rio Hato, Roatan, Rome–Fiumicino, Saint Lucia–Hewanorra, St. Maarten, San José de Costa Rica, San José del Cabo, Venice–Marco Polo, Zagreb
|American Airlines||Dallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles, Miami||3|
|American Eagle||Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia, Philadelphia, Washington–National||3|
|Avianca Costa Rica||San Salvador||1|
|Azores Airlines||Lisbon, Ponta Delgada, Porto
|Caribbean Airlines||Kingston–Norman Manley, Port of Spain||3|
|Cathay Pacific||Hong Kong||3|
|China Eastern Airlines||Shanghai–Pudong||3|
|Copa Airlines||Panama City–Tocumen||1|
|Cubana de Aviación||Camaguey, Cayo Largo, Cienfuegos, Havana, Holguín, Santiago de Cuba, Varadero, Santa Clara||3|
|Delta Air Lines||Atlanta, Salt Lake City
Seasonal: Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul
|Delta Connection||Atlanta, Cincinnati, Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York–JFK||3|
|El Al||Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion||3|
|Ethiopian Airlines||Addis Ababaa||1|
|Etihad Airways||Abu Dhabi||3|
|Fly Jamaica Airways||Georgetown–Cheddi Jagan, Kingston–Norman Manley||3|
|Jet Airways||Amsterdam, Delhi||3|
|LATAM Brasil||New York–JFK, São Paulo–Guarulhos||3|
|LOT Polish Airlines||Warsaw–Chopin||1|
|Pakistan International Airlines||Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore||3|
|Sunwing Airlines||Cancún, Cayo Coco, Freeport, Grenada, Halifax, Holguín, Las Vegas, Mazatlan, Montego Bay, Orlando–MCO, Panama City–Tocumen, Puerto Plata, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, Río Hato, Saint Lucia–Hewanorra, San José del Cabo, Santa Clara, Varadero
Seasonal: Aruba, Belize City, Camaguey, Cienfuegos, Cozumel, Curaçao, Fort Lauderdale, Gander, Huatulco, La Romana, Liberia, Manzanillo, Nassau, Porto, Roatán, San Juan, St. Maarten, St. Petersburg/Clearwater, San José de Costa Rica, Santiago de Cuba, Stephenville, Vancouver
|TUI Airlines Netherlands||Seasonal: Amsterdam||3|
|United Express||Chicago–O'Hare, Denver, Houston–Intercontinental, Newark, Washington–Dulles||1|
|WestJet||Antigua, Aruba, Barbados, Bermuda, Calgary, Cancún, Cayo Coco, Charlottetown, Deer Lake, Edmonton, Fort Lauderdale, Fort McMurray, Fort Myers, Grand Cayman, Halifax, Kelowna, Kingston–Norman Manley, Las Vegas, Liberia, London–Gatwick, Los Angeles (resumes June 29, 2016), Moncton, Montego Bay, Montréal–Trudeau, Nassau, New York–LaGuardia, Orlando–MCO, Ottawa, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Port of Spain, Providenciales, Puerto Plata, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, Québec City, Regina, San Juan, Santa Clara, St. John's (NL), Saint Lucia–Hewanorra, St. Maarten, Samaná, Saskatoon, Tampa, Vancouver, Varadero, Winnipeg
Seasonal: Brandon (begins June 29, 2016), Cozumel, Curaçao, Dublin, Gander, Glasgow, Holguín, Huatulco, La Romana, Mérida, Miami, Myrtle Beach, Palm Springs, San José de Costa Rica, San José del Cabo, Sarasota, Sydney (NS), Victoria, West Palm Beach
|WestJet Encore||Boston, Fredericton, London (ON), Montréal–Trudeau, Ottawa, Québec City, Thunder Bay
|Cathay Pacific Cargo||Anchorage, Hong Kong, New York–JFK||VISTA|
operated by Cargojet
|FedEx Express||Indianapolis, Memphis, Minneapolis/St. Paul||FedEx|
operated by Morningstar Air Express
|Calgary, Edmonton, Montréal–Mirabel, North Bay, Sault Ste. Marie (ON), Sudbury, Timmins, Vancouver, Winnipeg||FedEx|
|Korean Air Cargo||Anchorage, Seoul–Incheon||Cargo West|
|Lufthansa Cargo||Frankfurt||Cargo West|
The UP Express (Union Pearson Express) is an express airport rail link running between Pearson Airport and Union Station in Downtown Toronto. It connects to the airport at Toronto Pearson Terminal 1 Station, and provides a 25-minute travel time to Union Station. The first UP Express departure from Pearson to Union is at 5:27 a.m., with trains departing every 15 minutes throughout the day until the last departure to Union at 0:57 a.m., 7 days a week. The full adult fare for the UP Express from Pearson to Union is C$12.
|Route||Destination||Service Times||Terminals Served||Schedule|
|Union Pearson Express|
|Union Pearson Express||Express rail service to Union Station in Downtown Toronto with stops at Weston and Bloor.||Daily
(Every 15 minutes from 05:27–0:57)
|Terminal 1. Same-platform transfer at Terminal 1 Station to LINK Train for Terminal 3 Station|||
The LINK Train is an automated people mover at Pearson Airport that that runs between Terminal 1, Terminal 3, and the Viscount Value Park Lot. It connects to the airport at Toronto Pearson Terminal 1 Station and Toronto Pearson Terminal 3 Station. The LINK Train is a free service that operates every 4 to 8 minutes, 24 hours a day.
|Route||Destination||Service Times||Terminals Served||Schedule|
|Terminal LINK Train|
|Terminal LINK Train||People mover service between Terminal 1 Station, Terminal 3 Station, and Viscount Station||Daily
(Every 4 to 8 minutes, 24-hour service)
|Terminals 1 and 3. Same-platform transfer to Union Pearson Express at Terminal 1 Station|||
Taxis are available at all terminals, and are licensed by the City of Mississauga. Taxis that are licensed in Toronto can drop passengers off at Toronto Pearson, but only airport-licensed taxis and limos can pick up passengers at Toronto Pearson legally. Rides can also be prearranged, allowing for curbside pick up at either terminal. Pearson Airport Limousine companies use GTAA authorized out-of-town flat rates for pick-ups from Pearson Airport.
Public transit bus services are operated by Toronto Transit Commission, GO Transit, MiWay, and Brampton Transit, connecting Pearson Airport to the City of Toronto and other cities in the Greater Toronto Area. Fares vary depending on transit operator and destination.
|Route||Destination||Service Times||Terminals Served||Schedule|
|Toronto Transit Commission (TTC)|
|192 Airport Rocket||Express service to Kipling Station on the Bloor–Danforth Subway Line||Daily
(Every 10 minutes from 05:29–02:11 Monday to Friday, 05:52–02:45 Saturday, 08:31–02:45 Sunday)
|Terminals 1 and 3|||
|52A Lawrence West||Local service along Dixon Road and Lawrence Avenue to Lawrence and Lawrence West stations on the Yonge–University Subway Line||Daily
(Every 6 to 12 minutes from approximately 05:12–01:55)
|Terminals 1 and 3|||
|300A Bloor-Danforth||Runs express from the airport to Burnhamthorpe Road at Highway 427, then local service along Bloor Street and Danforth Avenue to Warden Avenue||Daily (Overnight only)
(Every 20 to 30 minutes from 02:13–04:53 Monday to Friday, 02:23–05:23 Saturday, 02:23–08:28 Sunday)
|Terminals 1 and 3|||
|332 Eglinton West||Local service along Eglinton Avenue to Yonge Street||Daily (Overnight only)
(Every 30 minutes from 02:29–04:59)
|Terminals 1 and 3|||
|352 Lawrence West||Local service along Dixon Road and Lawrence Avenue to Sunnybrook Hospital||Daily (Overnight only)
(Every 30 minutes from 02:20–04:50)
|Terminals 1 and 3|||
|34 Pearson Airport-North York||Express service to Finch and Yorkdale TTC subway stations on the Yonge–University Subway Line||Daily
(Every 30 to 60 minutes from 04:50–01:50)
|40 Hamilton-Richmond Hill||Express service to:||Daily
(Every 30 to 60 minutes from 04:20–02:20 Eastbound, 04:35–02:35 Westbound)
|7 Airport||Local service to:||Daily||Terminal 1|||
|107 Malton Express||Express service to:||Monday to Saturday||Viscount LINK Station|||
|24 Northwest||Local service to:||Daily||Viscount LINK Station|||
|57 Courtneypark||Local service from the airport's Infield Cargo area to:
Northbound: Meadowvale Town Centre
|59 Infield||Local service from Westwood Mall to the airport's Infield Cargo area||Monday to Friday||None|||
|115 Airport Express||Semi-express service to Bramalea bus terminal||Daily||Terminal 1|||
The airport is accessible from Highway 427 (just north of Highway 401) or from Highway 409, a spur off Highway 401 that leads directly into the airport. Airport Road to the north and Dixon Road to the east both provide local access to the airport. When drivers pick up or drop off guests at Toronto Pearson, they are permitted to stop momentarily outside the Arrivals and Departure areas at both terminals.
Car Rentals are available from several major car rental agencies located on Level 1 of the parking garages that are adjacent to both terminals. Car rentals are also available from several off-airport car rental agencies located at or near Viscount Station, which is accessible from both terminals via the LINK Train.
Pearson is served many out-of-town bus and van shuttle operators, offering transportation from the airport to cities, towns, and villages throughout Southern Ontario. Some operators offer connections to other airports in Ontario (John C. Munro Hamilton International Airport in Hamilton and London International Airport in London) and in the United States (Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport in Detroit, Michigan and Buffalo Niagara International Airport in Buffalo, New York).
From 1993 until 2014, the Toronto Airport Express was a privately operated airport shuttle bus service from the airport to downtown Toronto operated by Pacific Western Transportation. A one-way trip took approximately 45 to 90 minutes, depending on traffic. The service ceased operation on October 31, 2014.
|Year||Total passengers||% change||Domesticc||% change||Transborderc||% change||Internationalc||% change|
The Airport occupies some 1,867 ha (4,613 acres) and is located adjacent to Highway 401, the main east/west highway route through southern Ontario and the busiest highway in North America. The bulk of the Airport (1,824 ha 4,507 acres) is located within the City of Mississauga with 43 ha (106 acres) located within the City of Toronto.
Located on a 470-acre [190 ha] site between four major runways, this $250 million development is Canada's largest design-build project and comprised of six structures totaling 1,356,360 square feet: the Air Canada Maintenance Building, three cargo buildings including the Air Canada Cargo Terminal, a 3-bay Hangar Facility, and the 11-gate Infield Holdroom Terminal.
The Infield Terminal (IFT) was constructed to provide interim gating capacity during the phased construction of Terminal 1. The first two gates became operational in June 2002, with the remaining nine gates opening the following year. (The final three gates opened in July 2003, bringing the total available to 11.)
Air Canada will officially open its newest Maple Leaf Lounge at the Infield Terminal at Toronto Pearson Airport on February 10, 2005.
It’s a 1.5-kilometre train with three stations gliding along an elevated guideway connecting Terminals 1, 3 and a reduced rate parking area serving both passengers and employees of the Greater Toronto Airports Authority (GTAA).
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