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Обзор Toyota Cresta (X100) 1 из 3 (кузов)
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1996 toyota cresta cm japan 2 (トヨタクレスタ)
1996 toyota cresta cm japan 2 (トヨタクレスタ)
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1984 TOYOTA CRESTA Ad
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1996 toyota cresta cm japan
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Toyota Cresta running 2jz-ge
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1994 TOYOTA CRESTA Ad
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1996-1998 Toyota Cresta

The Toyota Cresta was a rear wheel drive 4-door hardtop sedan built by Toyota and launched in 1980 that shared a chassis with the Mark II/Cressida, sold at Toyopet Store dealerships only in Japan. The goal of the Cresta was a higher level of luxury in comparison to the Mark II, and the Chaser was the performance oriented version of the Mark II, but sold at different dealerships. Often available with two-tone paint and more interior convenience options, with the result ending up being more similar to the Cressida sold in export markets. The Cresta was produced for five generations, and production eventually ceased in 2000, when it was merged with the Chaser to form the short lived Verossa, a sporty luxury car.

X50-X60 series (1980-1984)[edit]

Toyota Cresta
1980-1984 Toyota Cresta (X50 X60) 01.jpg
Overview
Production 1980-1984
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door hardtop
Layout Front engine, RWD
Related Toyota Mark II
Toyota Chaser
Powertrain
Engine 2.0 L M-EU
2.0 L 1G-EU
2.0 L 1G-GEU
Transmission 4-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,645 mm (104.1 in)
Length 4,640 mm (183 in)
Width 1,690 mm (67 in)
Height 1,425 mm (56.1 in)
Curb weight 1,225 kg (2,701 lb)

The first Cresta was introduced April 1980 and was available exclusively at the renamed Toyota Vista Store (formerly Toyota Auto Store) sales channels across Japan, joining the recently introduced Chaser. The Cresta was positioned as a high-level luxury sedan just below the established, traditional luxury sedan, the Crown. The sales goal of the Cresta was to provide buyers with a luxury sedan, but not incur tax consequences for exceeding dimension regulations, the vehicle was limited to an engine size at 2000cc as well as dimensions under 4.7 m (15.4 ft) long, 1.7 m (5.6 ft) wide, and 2 m (6.6 ft) high. The Cresta was introduced with halogen headlights to provide a modern European appearance, and was available with a full range of luxury amenities and conveniences. The SOHC 2.0 L M-EU engine was used with an automatic transmission only, which was shared with the Crown, as well as the 2.0L 1G-EU straight six engine, also used in the Crown. Trim levels used names meant to suggest luxury overtones, such as Super Lucent, Super Touring, Super Deluxe, Super Custom, and Custom, names that were similarly used on the Crown. Upper level trim levels used two-tone paint schemes to further the Cresta's elevated status towards a younger demographic. The Nissan competitor was the Laurel.

This new luxury approach was well received with buyers. In August 1983, Toyota chairman Eiji Toyoda initiated the F1 project ("Flagship" and "No. 1 vehicle"; alternatively called the "Circle-F" project), a clandestine effort aimed at producing a world-class luxury sedan for international markets.[1][2] This led to the creation of an all new, full size luxury sedan designed for export markets and was called the Lexus LS.

X70 series (1984-1988)[edit]

Toyota Cresta
1984-1998 Toyota Cresta (X70) 01.jpg
Overview
Production 1984-1988
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door hardtop
Layout Front engine, RWD
Related Toyota Mark II
Toyota Chaser
Powertrain
Engine 1988 cc 1G-EU I6
1988 cc M-TEU turbo I6
1988 cc 1G-GEU DOHC 24V I6
1988 cc 1G-GTEU
2446 cc 2L diesel I4
2446 cc 2L-T TD I4
Transmission 4-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,660 mm (105 in)
Length 4,650 mm (183 in)
Width 1,690 mm (67 in)
Height 1,415 mm (55.7 in)
Curb weight 1,280 kg (2,820 lb)

The X70 series was introduced March 8, 1984, with styling cues shared with the platform sharing Mark II, with the Cresta continuing to offer a hardtop bodystyle, while the Mark II remained a sedan. The X70 series continued to enjoy the popularity enjoyed by the first generation Cresta. Power side view mirrors were now installed western style at the leading edge of the front doors instead of on the front fenders above the front wheels to provide a more modern appearance, and retracted electrically for confined parking spaces. The 2.0 litre diesel engine used in the first generation was upgraded to one with 2.4 litres displacement. Styling upgrades were introduced in 1985, with a twin turbo 1G-GTEU introduced October 1985, with trim level designation GT Twin Turbo. As a result of the twin turbo introduction, the M-TEU engine was no longer offered. Foglights imbedded in the front bumper were made standard equipment, with a minor styling upgrade August 1986.

In 1986, the Cresta saw a new competitor from Honda called the Legend.

X80 series (1988-1992)[edit]

Toyota Cresta
1988-1992 Toyota Cresta (X80) 01.jpg
Overview
Production 1988-1992
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
Layout Front engine, RWD
Related Toyota Mark II
Toyota Chaser
Powertrain
Engine 1G-GZE
1G-FE
1G-GTE
7M-GE
1JZ-GE
1JZ-GTE
2L-T Diesel
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,730 mm (107 in)
Length 4,690 mm (185 in)
Width 1,695 mm (66.7 in)
Height 1,375 mm (54.1 in)
Curb weight 1,480 kg (3,260 lb)

The third generation was introduced March 8, 1988. with a transition away from straight edges previously used by Toyota products of the period. The top-of-the-line model, called the Super Lucent G included a supercharger equipped 1G-GZE engine. The 1JZ-GE and 1JZ-GTE were shared with the Chaser. Special anniversary trim levels were introduced May 1990, with a body refresh introduced later that year.

X90 series (1992-1996)[edit]

Toyota Cresta
1992 Toyota Cresta 1.jpg
Overview
Production 1992-1996
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
Layout Front engine, RWD/4WD
Related Toyota Mark II
Toyota Chaser
Powertrain
Engine 1.8L 4S-FE I4
2.4L 2L-TE turbo-diesel I4
2.0L 1G-FE I6
2.5L 1JZ-GE I6
3.0L 2JZ-GE I6
2.5L 1JZ-GTE twin-turbo I6
Transmission 4-speed automatic
5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,730 mm (107 in)
Length 4,750 mm (187 in)
Width 1,750 mm (69 in)
Height 1,390 mm (55 in)
Curb weight 1,390 kg (3,060 lb)

The X90 Cresta debuted in 1992 with significant styling and mechanical changes over the X80. The car increased in size and gained some new trim levels similar to its sister cars, the Mark II and Chaser. Engines were carried over from the past generation albeit without the 7M or supercharged 1G I6's. Toyota also changed the front grille and taillight design in 1994. Under Japanese exterior dimension regulations, this series was no longer regarded as a "compact car".

The X90 Cresta was offered in 4 primary trim levels throughout its run (the SC, Suffire, Super Lucent and Tourer), each with their own options and even more specific trim categorizations. All cars shared common longitudinal layout architecture as well as certain options standard, like automatic climate control and side-impact bars, not mention driver-side airbags in 1995. The base trim level SC had very little in terms of options; it was powered by either a petrol or diesel engine mated to a 4-speed automatic. The next level Suffire had the same options available (or lack thereof) as the SC plus an optional 5-speed manual.

The Super Lucent however was a much different story: this trim offered 3 different straight 6 engines from 2.0L-3.0L mated to an electronically controlled 4-speed automatic with options like a moon roof or a factory LSD. Further differentiating Super Lucent models was the G package, which featured ABS, 15" wheels, cruise control and a leather interior. Permanent 4WD was offered as an option in 1993.

The Tourer trim levels all featured a 2.5L 1JZ straight 6, but with a few differences. The Tourer S had a naturally aspirated engine and only a 4-speed automatic whereas the Tourer V's came with a pair of turbochargers and the option of a 5-speed manual. All Tourers had front- and rear-stabilizer bars but only the Tourer V's came with traction control, ABS and an LSD standard. Tourer V's were very popular amongst enthusiasts and drifters due to their stiff chassis and power-to-weight ratio.

X100 series (1996-2001)[edit]

Toyota Cresta
1996 Toyota Cresta 1.jpg
Overview
Production 1996-2001
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
Layout Front engine, RWD
Related Toyota Mark II
Toyota Chaser
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,730 mm (107 in)
Length 4,760 mm (187 in)
Width 1,755 mm (69.1 in)
Height 1,400 mm (55 in)
Curb weight 1,480 kg (3,260 lb)
Chronology
Successor Toyota Verossa
1998 Cresta

In 1996 the X100 series was released.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dawson, Chester (2004). Lexus: The Relentless Pursuit. John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd., Singapore. p. 4. ISBN 0-470-82110-8. 
  2. ^ May, Matthew E. (2006). The Elegant Solution: Toyota's Formula for Mastering Innovation. New York: Free Press. p. 43. ISBN 0-7432-9017-8. 
This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the Japanese Wikipedia.

External links[edit]

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