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Translation or Transliteration??
Translation or Transliteration??
Published: 2010/05/18
Channel: Zionyah613
What is a transliteration
What is a transliteration
Published: 2014/03/16
Channel: proclaimingYahuah
Google Input Tools: Transliteration
Google Input Tools: Transliteration
Published: 2013/04/03
Channel: Google Videos
Transliteration Meaning
Transliteration Meaning
Published: 2015/04/12
Channel: SDictionary
Transliteration error solve online aadhar update
Transliteration error solve online aadhar update
Published: 2017/06/01
Channel: HelpX
How to install and use Google Transliteration IME
How to install and use Google Transliteration IME
Published: 2011/08/21
Channel: Aravind Mi
TRANSLATION AND TRANSLITERATION DEFINITION
TRANSLATION AND TRANSLITERATION DEFINITION
Published: 2013/10/28
Channel: rahim4411
Russian transliteration
Russian transliteration
Published: 2016/04/15
Channel: Denis Fedorov
Transliteration Surah Ikhlas 112 english..
Transliteration Surah Ikhlas 112 english..
Published: 2011/01/02
Channel: Amirkhan281
Devanagari (Sanskrit) Pronunciation and Transliteration
Devanagari (Sanskrit) Pronunciation and Transliteration
Published: 2012/02/21
Channel: Bhuj Mandir
Beautiful recitation by Mishary Al-Afasy- Learn Surah Al-Mulk with Transliteration and Translation
Beautiful recitation by Mishary Al-Afasy- Learn Surah Al-Mulk with Transliteration and Translation
Published: 2010/11/16
Channel: ServantOfTheMerciful
Surah - Al Kahf [The Cave] Eng Translation & Transliteration | [Abdulrahman al Sudais]
Surah - Al Kahf [The Cave] Eng Translation & Transliteration | [Abdulrahman al Sudais]
Published: 2013/09/07
Channel: Islamic Resistance
Surah Yasin(full)-shaikh Mishary Rashid Al Afasy Transliteration - Translation FULL HD
Surah Yasin(full)-shaikh Mishary Rashid Al Afasy Transliteration - Translation FULL HD
Published: 2013/02/18
Channel: DJRashid1
Learn Surah Ad-Duha Transliteration and Translation by Mishary Al-Afasy
Learn Surah Ad-Duha Transliteration and Translation by Mishary Al-Afasy
Published: 2010/10/30
Channel: ServantOfTheMerciful
Learn Surah Al Lail English Transliteration and Translation recited by Mishary Al-Afasy
Learn Surah Al Lail English Transliteration and Translation recited by Mishary Al-Afasy
Published: 2010/10/30
Channel: ServantOfTheMerciful
Quran 36   Ya Seen   Arabic to English Audio Translation and Transliteration by Meshari Al Afassi H
Quran 36 Ya Seen Arabic to English Audio Translation and Transliteration by Meshari Al Afassi H
Published: 2016/03/20
Channel: KuranReader
Quran : 67 Al Mulk (The Sovereignty) Arabic and English Translation and Transliteration HD
Quran : 67 Al Mulk (The Sovereignty) Arabic and English Translation and Transliteration HD
Published: 2013/05/18
Channel: KuranReader
my prayer with transliteration fajr, maghrib, isha,thuhur and asr
my prayer with transliteration fajr, maghrib, isha,thuhur and asr
Published: 2013/01/08
Channel: MRCAMELMAN1
Reading Quran with Transliteration
Reading Quran with Transliteration
Published: 2014/10/24
Channel: Hudatv
Surah Al Qadr 97 Transliteration
Surah Al Qadr 97 Transliteration
Published: 2012/03/25
Channel: QuranEdu
DUA GANJUL ARSH TRANSLITERATION
DUA GANJUL ARSH TRANSLITERATION
Published: 2013/07/21
Channel: QuranEdu
Sura Muzzammil (73) recited by Salah Bukhatir with English Translation and Transliteration
Sura Muzzammil (73) recited by Salah Bukhatir with English Translation and Transliteration
Published: 2012/07/08
Channel: Sidd Eeks
Surah Al Kafirun 109 Mishary Rashed al Efasy english transliteration    YouTube
Surah Al Kafirun 109 Mishary Rashed al Efasy english transliteration YouTube
Published: 2013/06/25
Channel: IslamTrueReligionTV
Sura Yasin (36) recited by Salah Bukhatir with English Translation and Transliteration
Sura Yasin (36) recited by Salah Bukhatir with English Translation and Transliteration
Published: 2012/06/23
Channel: Sidd Eeks
Qur
Qur'an Recitation - Ayat Al Kursi - Transliteration - Translation - Arabic
Published: 2011/03/16
Channel: LearnQuranTV
Surah 110 Nasr or help - Transliteration english
Surah 110 Nasr or help - Transliteration english
Published: 2012/03/25
Channel: QuranEdu
Sura Al Waqia 56 The Inevitable ~ Sheik Salah Bukhatir ~ with Transliteration   YouTube
Sura Al Waqia 56 The Inevitable ~ Sheik Salah Bukhatir ~ with Transliteration YouTube
Published: 2012/10/20
Channel: imixatrixx
Ziyarat-e-Ashura with English Transliteration
Ziyarat-e-Ashura with English Transliteration
Published: 2016/02/21
Channel: Monis Bana
Teleconference Call about the transliteration of the Name Jesus
Teleconference Call about the transliteration of the Name Jesus
Published: 2017/09/03
Channel: Hebrew Nation Building
Beautiful Recitation Surah Luqman with Transliteration and Translation recited by Mishary Al-Afasy
Beautiful Recitation Surah Luqman with Transliteration and Translation recited by Mishary Al-Afasy
Published: 2010/11/09
Channel: ServantOfTheMerciful
Hatikva Transliteration AND Translation
Hatikva Transliteration AND Translation
Published: 2010/03/13
Channel: amYisraelchaii
Beautiful duas-73 Prayers from the Quran ( Arabic,English Translation & Transliteration)
Beautiful duas-73 Prayers from the Quran ( Arabic,English Translation & Transliteration)
Published: 2011/11/20
Channel: islamicdua
Surat Al Kahf Word by Word with English Translation and Transliteration
Surat Al Kahf Word by Word with English Translation and Transliteration
Published: 2016/04/30
Channel: KuranReader
Our Father Prayer(In Arabic with English transliteration)
Our Father Prayer(In Arabic with English transliteration)
Published: 2017/08/11
Channel: jyrejoice
Dua Kumayl (Transliteration, English, Arabic)
Dua Kumayl (Transliteration, English, Arabic)
Published: 2014/06/15
Channel: Zulfiqarr
99 Names of Allah w/ English Translation & Transliteration
99 Names of Allah w/ English Translation & Transliteration
Published: 2007/11/26
Channel: shanc1193
Egyptian Hieroglyphs: the Basics #2 - Transliteration
Egyptian Hieroglyphs: the Basics #2 - Transliteration
Published: 2014/10/06
Channel: Digital Egyptology
Learn Surat Assajdah Word by Word  With English Translation and Transliteration
Learn Surat Assajdah Word by Word With English Translation and Transliteration
Published: 2016/02/14
Channel: KuranReader
Hail Mary in Arabic(with English Transliteration)
Hail Mary in Arabic(with English Transliteration)
Published: 2017/08/11
Channel: jyrejoice
Quran 75 Surat Al-Qiyamah - Arabic and English Translation and Transliteration
Quran 75 Surat Al-Qiyamah - Arabic and English Translation and Transliteration
Published: 2013/05/13
Channel: KuranReader
Learn Surah Al-Asr (The Time) ||EASY MEMORIZATION WITH TRANSLITERATION|| ᴴᴰ
Learn Surah Al-Asr (The Time) ||EASY MEMORIZATION WITH TRANSLITERATION|| ᴴᴰ
Published: 2016/08/16
Channel: ServantOfCreator
Learn Surah AN-NASR (THE DIVINE SUPPORT)||EASY MEMORIZATION WITH TRANSLITERATION|| ᴴᴰ
Learn Surah AN-NASR (THE DIVINE SUPPORT)||EASY MEMORIZATION WITH TRANSLITERATION|| ᴴᴰ
Published: 2016/05/01
Channel: Quran /Sunnah
Juz 1, الم, Alif Lam Meem - Quran Transliteration
Juz 1, الم, Alif Lam Meem - Quran Transliteration
Published: 2015/06/17
Channel: Daily Quran
The Jesus Film - סרט ישוע - (Hebrew) + English, Hebrew Subtitles and Transliteration
The Jesus Film - סרט ישוע - (Hebrew) + English, Hebrew Subtitles and Transliteration
Published: 2017/02/04
Channel: Hebrew Videos with English Subtitles
Surah Al-
Surah Al-'Asr (Transliteration)
Published: 2013/02/28
Channel: Aishah Al Muminah
Russian Federation National Anthem-  with  transliteration (NOT in Cyrillic) lyrics
Russian Federation National Anthem- with transliteration (NOT in Cyrillic) lyrics
Published: 2009/04/08
Channel: Only4Russian
Surah Al-Lahab 111 Mishary Rashed al-Efasy english transliteration.
Surah Al-Lahab 111 Mishary Rashed al-Efasy english transliteration.
Published: 2011/01/02
Channel: Amirkhan281
Qur
Qur'an Surah 019 Maryam Synchronized Arabic+English+Narration+Transliteration (SQRN)
Published: 2014/01/26
Channel: Azhar Chaudhary
Surah Yasin(full)-shaikh Mishary Rashid Al Afasy Transliteration - Translation
Surah Yasin(full)-shaikh Mishary Rashid Al Afasy Transliteration - Translation
Published: 2013/02/28
Channel: DJRashid1
Quran 55 Ar-Rahman with English Audio Translation and Transliteration HD
Quran 55 Ar-Rahman with English Audio Translation and Transliteration HD
Published: 2015/11/29
Channel: KuranReader
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Transliteration is a type of conversion of a text from one script to another[1] that involves swapping letters (thus trans- + liter-) in predictable ways (such as αa, дd, χch, նn or æe).

For instance, for the Modern Greek term "Ελληνική Δημοκρατία", which is usually translated as "Hellenic Republic", the usual transliteration to Latin script is "Ellēnikḗ Dēmokratía", and the name for Russia in Cyrillic script, "Россия", is usually transliterated as "Rossiya".

Transliteration is not primarily concerned with representing the sounds of the original but rather with representing the characters, ideally accurately and unambiguously. Thus, in the above example, λλ is transliterated as 'll', but pronounced /l/; Δ is transliterated as 'D', but pronounced /ð/; and η is transliterated as 'ē', though it is pronounced /i/ (exactly like ι) and is not long.

Conversely, transcription notes the sounds but not necessarily the spelling. So "Ελληνική Δημοκρατία" could be transcribed as "elinikí ðimokratía", which does not specify which of the /i/ sounds are written as η and which as ι.

Definitions[edit]

Systematic transliteration is a mapping from one system of writing into another, typically grapheme to grapheme. Most transliteration systems are one-to-one, so a reader who knows the system can reconstruct the original spelling.

Transliteration is opposed to transcription, which maps the sounds of one language into a writing system. Still, most systems of transliteration map the letters of the source script to letters pronounced similarly in the target script, for some specific pair of source and target language. If the relations between letters and sounds are similar in both languages, a transliteration may be very close to a transcription. In practice, there are some mixed transliteration/transcription systems that transliterate a part of the original script and transcribe the rest.

For many script pairs, there is one or more standard transliteration systems. However, unsystematic transliteration is common.

Difference from transcription[edit]

In Modern Greek (and since the Roman Imperial period), the letters <η> <ι> <υ> and the letter combinations <ει> <oι> <υι> are pronounced [i] (except when pronounced as semivowels), and a modern transcription renders them all as <i>; but a transliteration distinguishes them, for example by transliterating to <ē> <i> <y> and <ei> <oi> <yi>. (As the ancient pronunciation of <η> was [ɛː], it is often transliterated as an <e> with a macron, even for modern texts.) On the other hand, <ευ> is sometimes pronounced [ev] and sometimes [ef], depending on the following sound. A transcription distinguishes them, but this is no requirement for a transliteration. The initial letter 'h' reflecting the historical rough breathing in words such as Ellēnikē should logically be omitted in transcription from Koine Greek on,[2] and from transliteration from 1982 on, but it is nonetheless frequently encountered.

Greek word Transliteration Transcription English translation
Ελληνική Δημοκρατία Ellēnikē Dēmokratia Elinikí Dhimokratía Hellenic Republic
Ελευθερία Eleutheria Eleftheria Freedom
Ευαγγέλιο Euaggelio Evangelio Gospel
των υιών tōn uiōn ton ion of the sons

Challenges[edit]

A simple example of difficulties in transliteration is the voiceless uvular plosive used in Arabic and other languages. It is pronounced approximately like English [k], except that the tongue makes contact not on the soft palate but on the uvula. Pronunciation varies between different languages, and different dialects of the same language. The consonant is sometimes transliterated into "g", sometimes "k", and sometimes "q" in English.[3] Another example is the Russian letter "Х" (kha). It is pronounced as the voiceless velar fricative /x/, like the Scottish pronunciation of ⟨ch⟩ in "loch". This sound is not present in most forms of English, and is often transliterated as "kh", as in Nikita Khrushchev. Many languages have phonemic sounds, such as click consonants, which are quite unlike any phoneme in the language into which they are being transliterated.

Some languages and scripts present particular difficulties to transcribers. These are discussed on separate pages.

Adopted[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kharusi, N. S. & Salman, A. (2011) The English Transliteration of Place Names in Oman. Journal of Academic and Applied Studies Vol. 1(3) September 2011, pp. 1–27 Available online at www.academians.org
  2. ^ See Koine Greek phonology.
  3. ^ Language log

External links[edit]

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