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What is a transliteration
What is a transliteration
Published: 2014/03/16
Channel: proclaimingYahuah
Translation or Transliteration??
Translation or Transliteration??
Published: 2010/05/18
Channel: Zionyah613
Tip Sitel: Transliteration
Tip Sitel: Transliteration
Published: 2016/04/27
Channel: Sitel Nicaragua
Google Input Tools: Transliteration
Google Input Tools: Transliteration
Published: 2013/04/03
Channel: Google Videos
Surah Yasin(full)-shaikh Mishary Rashid Al Afasy Transliteration - Translation FULL HD
Surah Yasin(full)-shaikh Mishary Rashid Al Afasy Transliteration - Translation FULL HD
Published: 2013/02/18
Channel: DJRashid1
Reading Quran with Transliteration
Reading Quran with Transliteration
Published: 2014/10/24
Channel: Hudatv
How to install and use Google Transliteration IME
How to install and use Google Transliteration IME
Published: 2011/08/21
Channel: Aravind Mi
TRANSLATION AND TRANSLITERATION DEFINITION
TRANSLATION AND TRANSLITERATION DEFINITION
Published: 2013/10/28
Channel: rahim4411
Surat Al Kahf Word by Word with English Translation and Transliteration
Surat Al Kahf Word by Word with English Translation and Transliteration
Published: 2016/04/30
Channel: KuranReader
SURAH AL KAHF [The Cave] with English translation and Transliteration recited by Sherazad Taher.
SURAH AL KAHF [The Cave] with English translation and Transliteration recited by Sherazad Taher.
Published: 2013/05/16
Channel: zahratalain
Learn Surah Al Lail English Transliteration and Translation recited by Mishary Al-Afasy
Learn Surah Al Lail English Transliteration and Translation recited by Mishary Al-Afasy
Published: 2010/10/30
Channel: ServantOfTheMerciful
Learn Surah Ad-Duha Transliteration and Translation by Mishary Al-Afasy
Learn Surah Ad-Duha Transliteration and Translation by Mishary Al-Afasy
Published: 2010/10/30
Channel: ServantOfTheMerciful
Surah - Al Kahf [The Cave] Eng Translation & Transliteration | [Abdulrahman al Sudais]
Surah - Al Kahf [The Cave] Eng Translation & Transliteration | [Abdulrahman al Sudais]
Published: 2013/09/07
Channel: Islamic Resistance
DUA ZIYAD PATEL + TRANSLITERATION & TRANSLATION
DUA ZIYAD PATEL + TRANSLITERATION & TRANSLATION
Published: 2013/02/09
Channel: zennco1
Transliteration Surah Quraish 106 english..
Transliteration Surah Quraish 106 english..
Published: 2010/12/29
Channel: Amirkhan281
Quran 36   Ya Seen   Arabic to English Audio Translation and Transliteration by Meshari Al Afassi H
Quran 36 Ya Seen Arabic to English Audio Translation and Transliteration by Meshari Al Afassi H
Published: 2016/03/20
Channel: KuranReader
Surah Jumu
Surah Jumu'ah with Transliteration and Translation recited by Mishary Al-Afasy
Published: 2015/06/22
Channel: ServantOfTheMerciful
Sura Yasin (36) recited by Salah Bukhatir with English Translation and Transliteration
Sura Yasin (36) recited by Salah Bukhatir with English Translation and Transliteration
Published: 2012/06/23
Channel: Sidd Eeks
my prayer with transliteration fajr, maghrib, isha,thuhur and asr
my prayer with transliteration fajr, maghrib, isha,thuhur and asr
Published: 2013/01/08
Channel: MRCAMELMAN1
Ch72 Surah al Jinn Transliteration
Ch72 Surah al Jinn Transliteration
Published: 2015/06/08
Channel: Daily Quran
Quran : 67 Al Mulk (The Sovereignty) Arabic and English Translation and Transliteration HD
Quran : 67 Al Mulk (The Sovereignty) Arabic and English Translation and Transliteration HD
Published: 2013/05/18
Channel: KuranReader
Sura Al Waqia 56 The Inevitable ~ Sheik Salah Bukhatir ~ with Transliteration   YouTube
Sura Al Waqia 56 The Inevitable ~ Sheik Salah Bukhatir ~ with Transliteration YouTube
Published: 2012/10/20
Channel: imixatrixx
Surah Al-Falaq (Transliteration)
Surah Al-Falaq (Transliteration)
Published: 2011/02/02
Channel: ProudRevert
Quran 55 Ar-Rahman with English Audio Translation and Transliteration HD
Quran 55 Ar-Rahman with English Audio Translation and Transliteration HD
Published: 2015/11/29
Channel: KuranReader
Surah Yasin(full)-shaikh Mishary Rashid Al Afasy Transliteration - Translation
Surah Yasin(full)-shaikh Mishary Rashid Al Afasy Transliteration - Translation
Published: 2013/02/28
Channel: DJRashid1
Surah Al Kafirun 109 Mishary Rashed al Efasy english transliteration    YouTube
Surah Al Kafirun 109 Mishary Rashed al Efasy english transliteration YouTube
Published: 2013/06/25
Channel: IslamTrueReligionTV
Qur
Qur'an Recitation - Ayat Al Kursi - Transliteration - Translation - Arabic
Published: 2011/03/16
Channel: LearnQuranTV
Russian transliteration
Russian transliteration
Published: 2016/04/15
Channel: Denis Fedorov
Learn Surah Al-Asr (The Time) ||EASY MEMORIZATION WITH TRANSLITERATION|| ᴴᴰ
Learn Surah Al-Asr (The Time) ||EASY MEMORIZATION WITH TRANSLITERATION|| ᴴᴰ
Published: 2016/08/16
Channel: ServantOfCreator
Russian Federation National Anthem-  with  transliteration (NOT in Cyrillic) lyrics
Russian Federation National Anthem- with transliteration (NOT in Cyrillic) lyrics
Published: 2009/04/08
Channel: Only4Russian
Devanagari (Sanskrit) Pronunciation and Transliteration
Devanagari (Sanskrit) Pronunciation and Transliteration
Published: 2012/02/21
Channel: Bhuj Mandir
Ch56 Surat al Waqiah  Transliteration
Ch56 Surat al Waqiah Transliteration
Published: 2015/06/08
Channel: Daily Quran
Beautiful duas 73 Prayers from the Quran  Arabic,English Translation   Transliteration
Beautiful duas 73 Prayers from the Quran Arabic,English Translation Transliteration
Published: 2015/09/08
Channel: Work For Hereafter
Quran 75 Surat Al-Qiyamah - Arabic and English Translation and Transliteration
Quran 75 Surat Al-Qiyamah - Arabic and English Translation and Transliteration
Published: 2013/05/13
Channel: KuranReader
Kaddish Transliteration
Kaddish Transliteration
Published: 2009/03/20
Channel: MyKaddishDotCom
Beautiful recitation by Mishary Al-Afasy- Learn Surah Al-Mulk with Transliteration and Translation
Beautiful recitation by Mishary Al-Afasy- Learn Surah Al-Mulk with Transliteration and Translation
Published: 2010/11/16
Channel: ServantOfTheMerciful
Surah Al Fil 105 Mishary Rashed al Efasy english transliteration
Surah Al Fil 105 Mishary Rashed al Efasy english transliteration
Published: 2012/06/03
Channel: duaanwardalys
Surah Al Ma
Surah Al Ma'un 107 Mishary Rashed al Efasy english transliteration
Published: 2012/06/03
Channel: zarin khan
Beautiful Recitation Surah Luqman with Transliteration and Translation recited by Mishary Al-Afasy
Beautiful Recitation Surah Luqman with Transliteration and Translation recited by Mishary Al-Afasy
Published: 2010/11/09
Channel: ServantOfTheMerciful
Surah An-Nas (Transliteration)
Surah An-Nas (Transliteration)
Published: 2013/02/26
Channel: Aishah Al Muminah
How to type in Telugu language using Google Transliteration IME
How to type in Telugu language using Google Transliteration IME
Published: 2010/01/30
Channel: berkeleycornellmit
Morning and Evening Duas with Arabic Text, English Translation, Transliteration and Audio Part1
Morning and Evening Duas with Arabic Text, English Translation, Transliteration and Audio Part1
Published: 2009/06/05
Channel: Letusfeel
Avinu Malkeinu (Our Father, Our King) w/ Hebrew, transliteration, & English lyrics - Babra Streisand
Avinu Malkeinu (Our Father, Our King) w/ Hebrew, transliteration, & English lyrics - Babra Streisand
Published: 2015/10/16
Channel: Doweon Kim
Surat Al-Qadr (Transliteration)
Surat Al-Qadr (Transliteration)
Published: 2013/03/01
Channel: Aishah Al Muminah
Surah Al-Ikhlas (Transliteration)
Surah Al-Ikhlas (Transliteration)
Published: 2013/02/16
Channel: Aishah Al Muminah
Sura Muzzammil (73) recited by Salah Bukhatir with English Translation and Transliteration
Sura Muzzammil (73) recited by Salah Bukhatir with English Translation and Transliteration
Published: 2012/07/08
Channel: Sidd Eeks
Dua Kumayl (Transliteration, English, Arabic)
Dua Kumayl (Transliteration, English, Arabic)
Published: 2014/06/15
Channel: Zulfiqarr
Sanando al Sanador - Includes Mantra Transliteration in Spanish
Sanando al Sanador - Includes Mantra Transliteration in Spanish
Published: 2012/02/28
Channel: OfficialRootlight
Juz 1, الم, Alif Lam Meem - Quran Transliteration
Juz 1, الم, Alif Lam Meem - Quran Transliteration
Published: 2015/06/17
Channel: Daily Quran
Learn Ayatul Kursi (Verse of The Throne) ||EASY MEMORIZATION WITH TRANSLITERATION|| ᴴᴰ
Learn Ayatul Kursi (Verse of The Throne) ||EASY MEMORIZATION WITH TRANSLITERATION|| ᴴᴰ
Published: 2016/12/29
Channel: ServantOfCreator
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Transliteration is a type of conversion of a text from one script to another[1] that involves swapping letters (thus trans- + liter-) in predictable ways (such as αa, дd, χch, or æe).

For instance, for the Greek term "Ελληνική Δημοκρατία", which is usually translated as "Hellenic Republic", the usual transliteration to Latin script is "Ellēnikḗ Dēmokratía", and the name for Russia in Cyrillic script, "Россия", is usually transliterated as "Rossiya".

Transliteration is not primarily concerned with representing the sounds of the original but rather with representing the characters, ideally accurately and unambiguously. Thus, in the above example, λλ is transliterated as 'll', but pronounced /l/; Δ is transliterated as 'D', but pronounced /ð/; and η is transliterated as 'ē', though it is pronounced /i/ (exactly like ι) and is not long.

Conversely, transcription notes the sounds but not necessarily the spelling. So "Ελληνική Δημοκρατία" could be transcribed as "elinikí ðimokratía", which does not specify which of the /i/ sounds are written as η and which as ι.

Definitions[edit]

Systematic transliteration is a mapping from one system of writing into another, typically grapheme to grapheme. Most transliteration systems are one-to-one, so a reader who knows the system can reconstruct the original spelling.

Transliteration is opposed to transcription, which maps the sounds of one language into a writing system. Still, most systems of transliteration map the letters of the source script to letters pronounced similarly in the target script, for some specific pair of source and target language. If the relations between letters and sounds are similar in both languages, a transliteration may be very close to a transcription. In practice, there are some mixed transliteration/transcription systems that transliterate a part of the original script and transcribe the rest.

For many script pairs, there is one or more standard transliteration systems. However, unsystematic transliteration is common.

Difference from transcription[edit]

In Modern Greek (and since the Roman Imperial period), the letters <η> <ι> <υ> and the letter combinations <ει> <oι> <υι> are pronounced [i] (except when pronounced as semivowels), and a modern transcription renders them all as <i>; but a transliteration distinguishes them, for example by transliterating to <ē> <i> <y> and <ei> <oi> <yi>. (As the ancient pronunciation of <η> was [ɛː], it is often transliterated as an <e> with a macron, even for modern texts.) On the other hand, <ευ> is sometimes pronounced [ev] and sometimes [ef], depending on the following sound. A transcription distinguishes them, but this is no requirement for a transliteration. The initial letter 'h' reflecting the historical rough breathing in words such as Ellēnikē should logically be omitted in transcription from Koine Greek on,[2] and from transliteration from 1982 on, but it is nonetheless frequently encountered.

Greek word Transliteration Transcription English translation
Ελληνική Δημοκρατία Ellēnikē Dēmokratia Elinikí Dhimokratía Hellenic Republic
Ελευθερία Eleutheria Eleftheria Freedom
Ευαγγέλιο Euaggelio Evangelio Gospel
των υιών tōn uiōn ton ion of the sons

Challenges[edit]

A simple example of difficulties in transliteration is the voiceless uvular plosive used in Arabic and other languages. It is pronounced approximately like English [k], except that the tongue makes contact not on the soft palate but on the uvula. Pronunciation varies between different languages, and different dialects of the same language. The consonant is sometimes transliterated into "g", sometimes "k", and sometimes "q" in English.[3] Another example is the Russian letter "Х" (kha). It is pronounced as the voiceless velar fricative /x/, like the Scottish pronunciation of ⟨ch⟩ in "loch". This sound is not present in most forms of English, and is often transliterated as "kh", as in Nikita Khrushchev. Many languages have phonemic sounds, such as click consonants, which are quite unlike any phoneme in the language into which they are being transliterated.

Some languages and scripts present particular difficulties to transcribers. These are discussed on separate pages.

Adopted[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kharusi, N. S. & Salman, A. (2011) The English Transliteration of Place Names in Oman. Journal of Academic and Applied Studies Vol. 1(3) September 2011, pp. 1–27 Available online at www.academians.org
  2. ^ See Koine Greek phonology.
  3. ^ Language log

External links[edit]

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