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Translation or Transliteration??
Translation or Transliteration??
Published: 2010/05/18
Channel: Zionyah613
What is a transliteration
What is a transliteration
Published: 2014/03/16
Channel: proclaimingYahuah
Google Input Tools: Transliteration
Google Input Tools: Transliteration
Published: 2013/04/03
Channel: Google Videos
How to install and use Google Transliteration IME
How to install and use Google Transliteration IME
Published: 2011/08/21
Channel: Aravind Mi
TRANSLATION AND TRANSLITERATION DEFINITION
TRANSLATION AND TRANSLITERATION DEFINITION
Published: 2013/10/28
Channel: rahim4411
Reading Quran with Transliteration
Reading Quran with Transliteration
Published: 2014/10/24
Channel: Hudatv
Transliteration error solve online aadhar update
Transliteration error solve online aadhar update
Published: 2017/06/01
Channel: HelpX
Surah - Al Kahf [The Cave] Eng Translation & Transliteration | [Abdulrahman al Sudais]
Surah - Al Kahf [The Cave] Eng Translation & Transliteration | [Abdulrahman al Sudais]
Published: 2013/09/07
Channel: Islamic Resistance
Transliteration Surah Quraish 106 english..
Transliteration Surah Quraish 106 english..
Published: 2010/12/29
Channel: Amirkhan281
Surah Jumu
Surah Jumu'ah with Transliteration and Translation recited by Mishary Al-Afasy
Published: 2015/06/22
Channel: ServantOfTheMerciful
my prayer with transliteration fajr, maghrib, isha,thuhur and asr
my prayer with transliteration fajr, maghrib, isha,thuhur and asr
Published: 2013/01/08
Channel: MRCAMELMAN1
Kaddish Transliteration
Kaddish Transliteration
Published: 2009/03/20
Channel: MyKaddishDotCom
Learn Surah Al Lail English Transliteration and Translation recited by Mishary Al-Afasy
Learn Surah Al Lail English Transliteration and Translation recited by Mishary Al-Afasy
Published: 2010/10/30
Channel: ServantOfTheMerciful
Surah Al-Falaq (Transliteration)
Surah Al-Falaq (Transliteration)
Published: 2011/02/02
Channel: ProudRevert
SURAH AL KAHF [The Cave] with English translation and Transliteration recited by Sherazad Taher.
SURAH AL KAHF [The Cave] with English translation and Transliteration recited by Sherazad Taher.
Published: 2013/05/16
Channel: zahratalain
DUA ZIYAD PATEL + TRANSLITERATION & TRANSLATION
DUA ZIYAD PATEL + TRANSLITERATION & TRANSLATION
Published: 2013/02/09
Channel: zennco1
Surah Yasin(full)-shaikh Mishary Rashid Al Afasy Transliteration - Translation FULL HD
Surah Yasin(full)-shaikh Mishary Rashid Al Afasy Transliteration - Translation FULL HD
Published: 2013/02/18
Channel: DJRashid1
Surah An-Nas (Transliteration)
Surah An-Nas (Transliteration)
Published: 2013/02/26
Channel: Aishah Al Muminah
Ch19 Surah Maryam Complete Transliteration
Ch19 Surah Maryam Complete Transliteration
Published: 2015/06/04
Channel: Daily Quran
Qur
Qur'an Recitation - Ayat Al Kursi - Transliteration - Translation - Arabic
Published: 2011/03/16
Channel: LearnQuranTV
Surah Al Qadr 97 Transliteration
Surah Al Qadr 97 Transliteration
Published: 2012/03/25
Channel: QuranEdu
Quran : 67 Al Mulk (The Sovereignty) Arabic and English Translation and Transliteration HD
Quran : 67 Al Mulk (The Sovereignty) Arabic and English Translation and Transliteration HD
Published: 2013/05/18
Channel: KuranReader
Surat Al Kahf Word by Word with English Translation and Transliteration
Surat Al Kahf Word by Word with English Translation and Transliteration
Published: 2016/04/30
Channel: KuranReader
Quran 36   Ya Seen   Arabic to English Audio Translation and Transliteration by Meshari Al Afassi H
Quran 36 Ya Seen Arabic to English Audio Translation and Transliteration by Meshari Al Afassi H
Published: 2016/03/20
Channel: KuranReader
Surah 110 Nasr or help - Transliteration english
Surah 110 Nasr or help - Transliteration english
Published: 2012/03/25
Channel: QuranEdu
Sura Al Waqia 56 The Inevitable ~ Sheik Salah Bukhatir ~ with Transliteration   YouTube
Sura Al Waqia 56 The Inevitable ~ Sheik Salah Bukhatir ~ with Transliteration YouTube
Published: 2012/10/20
Channel: imixatrixx
Sura Yasin (36) recited by Salah Bukhatir with English Translation and Transliteration
Sura Yasin (36) recited by Salah Bukhatir with English Translation and Transliteration
Published: 2012/06/23
Channel: Sidd Eeks
Surah Al Kafirun 109 Mishary Rashed al Efasy english transliteration    YouTube
Surah Al Kafirun 109 Mishary Rashed al Efasy english transliteration YouTube
Published: 2013/06/25
Channel: IslamTrueReligionTV
Ziyarat-e-Ashura with English Transliteration
Ziyarat-e-Ashura with English Transliteration
Published: 2016/02/21
Channel: Monis Bana
Surah Yasin(full)-shaikh Mishary Rashid Al Afasy Transliteration - Translation
Surah Yasin(full)-shaikh Mishary Rashid Al Afasy Transliteration - Translation
Published: 2013/02/28
Channel: DJRashid1
DUA GANJUL ARSH TRANSLITERATION
DUA GANJUL ARSH TRANSLITERATION
Published: 2013/07/21
Channel: QuranEdu
Surah Al Fil (Transliteration)
Surah Al Fil (Transliteration)
Published: 2013/04/10
Channel: Aishah Al Muminah
Surat Al-Qadr (Transliteration)
Surat Al-Qadr (Transliteration)
Published: 2013/03/01
Channel: Aishah Al Muminah
Surah Mulk Mishary Rashid Alafasy Transliteration Translation FULL HD
Surah Mulk Mishary Rashid Alafasy Transliteration Translation FULL HD
Published: 2013/04/24
Channel: DJRashid1
Beautiful recitation by Mishary Al-Afasy- Learn Surah Al-Mulk with Transliteration and Translation
Beautiful recitation by Mishary Al-Afasy- Learn Surah Al-Mulk with Transliteration and Translation
Published: 2010/11/16
Channel: ServantOfTheMerciful
Beautiful duas 73 Prayers from the Quran  Arabic,English Translation   Transliteration
Beautiful duas 73 Prayers from the Quran Arabic,English Translation Transliteration
Published: 2015/09/08
Channel: Work For Hereafter
Quran 75 Surat Al-Qiyamah - Arabic and English Translation and Transliteration
Quran 75 Surat Al-Qiyamah - Arabic and English Translation and Transliteration
Published: 2013/05/13
Channel: KuranReader
Bereshith (Genesis) - Part 1 in Pictographic Hebrew with Transliteration
Bereshith (Genesis) - Part 1 in Pictographic Hebrew with Transliteration
Published: 2016/12/16
Channel: bluechipmor
Ch72 Surah al Jinn Transliteration
Ch72 Surah al Jinn Transliteration
Published: 2015/06/08
Channel: Daily Quran
Qur
Qur'an Recitation - Al Fatiha - Transliteration - Translation - Arabic
Published: 2011/03/14
Channel: LearnQuranTV
Egyptian Hieroglyphs: the Basics #2 - Transliteration
Egyptian Hieroglyphs: the Basics #2 - Transliteration
Published: 2014/10/06
Channel: Digital Egyptology
Sanskrit Alphabet Pronunciation and Transliteration
Sanskrit Alphabet Pronunciation and Transliteration
Published: 2016/07/21
Channel: IAm Kailas
Transliteration Meaning
Transliteration Meaning
Published: 2015/04/12
Channel: SDictionary
Juz 1, الم, Alif Lam Meem - Quran Transliteration
Juz 1, الم, Alif Lam Meem - Quran Transliteration
Published: 2015/06/17
Channel: Daily Quran
Dua Kumayl (Transliteration, English, Arabic)
Dua Kumayl (Transliteration, English, Arabic)
Published: 2014/06/15
Channel: Zulfiqarr
Surah Al-Ikhlas (Transliteration)
Surah Al-Ikhlas (Transliteration)
Published: 2013/02/16
Channel: Aishah Al Muminah
Surah Al Kahf (Transliteration of verses 1 to 10).mp4
Surah Al Kahf (Transliteration of verses 1 to 10).mp4
Published: 2011/12/06
Channel: Damir Dajo
Learn Surah Al-Asr (The Time) ||EASY MEMORIZATION WITH TRANSLITERATION|| ᴴᴰ
Learn Surah Al-Asr (The Time) ||EASY MEMORIZATION WITH TRANSLITERATION|| ᴴᴰ
Published: 2016/08/16
Channel: ServantOfCreator
Quran: 2. Surah Al-Baqara (The Calf): Complete Arabic and English translation HD
Quran: 2. Surah Al-Baqara (The Calf): Complete Arabic and English translation HD
Published: 2011/12/28
Channel: The Meaning Of Islam
Beautiful Recitation Surah Luqman with Transliteration and Translation recited by Mishary Al-Afasy
Beautiful Recitation Surah Luqman with Transliteration and Translation recited by Mishary Al-Afasy
Published: 2010/11/09
Channel: ServantOfTheMerciful
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Transliteration is a type of conversion of a text from one script to another[1] that involves swapping letters (thus trans- + liter-) in predictable ways (such as αa, дd, χch, or æe).

For instance, for the Modern Greek term "Ελληνική Δημοκρατία", which is usually translated as "Hellenic Republic", the usual transliteration to Latin script is "Ellēnikḗ Dēmokratía", and the name for Russia in Cyrillic script, "Россия", is usually transliterated as "Rossiya".

Transliteration is not primarily concerned with representing the sounds of the original but rather with representing the characters, ideally accurately and unambiguously. Thus, in the above example, λλ is transliterated as 'll', but pronounced /l/; Δ is transliterated as 'D', but pronounced /ð/; and η is transliterated as 'ē', though it is pronounced /i/ (exactly like ι) and is not long.

Conversely, transcription notes the sounds but not necessarily the spelling. So "Ελληνική Δημοκρατία" could be transcribed as "elinikí ðimokratía", which does not specify which of the /i/ sounds are written as η and which as ι.

Definitions[edit]

Systematic transliteration is a mapping from one system of writing into another, typically grapheme to grapheme. Most transliteration systems are one-to-one, so a reader who knows the system can reconstruct the original spelling.

Transliteration is opposed to transcription, which maps the sounds of one language into a writing system. Still, most systems of transliteration map the letters of the source script to letters pronounced similarly in the target script, for some specific pair of source and target language. If the relations between letters and sounds are similar in both languages, a transliteration may be very close to a transcription. In practice, there are some mixed transliteration/transcription systems that transliterate a part of the original script and transcribe the rest.

For many script pairs, there is one or more standard transliteration systems. However, unsystematic transliteration is common.

Difference from transcription[edit]

In Modern Greek (and since the Roman Imperial period), the letters <η> <ι> <υ> and the letter combinations <ει> <oι> <υι> are pronounced [i] (except when pronounced as semivowels), and a modern transcription renders them all as <i>; but a transliteration distinguishes them, for example by transliterating to <ē> <i> <y> and <ei> <oi> <yi>. (As the ancient pronunciation of <η> was [ɛː], it is often transliterated as an <e> with a macron, even for modern texts.) On the other hand, <ευ> is sometimes pronounced [ev] and sometimes [ef], depending on the following sound. A transcription distinguishes them, but this is no requirement for a transliteration. The initial letter 'h' reflecting the historical rough breathing in words such as Ellēnikē should logically be omitted in transcription from Koine Greek on,[2] and from transliteration from 1982 on, but it is nonetheless frequently encountered.

Greek word Transliteration Transcription English translation
Ελληνική Δημοκρατία Ellēnikē Dēmokratia Elinikí Dhimokratía Hellenic Republic
Ελευθερία Eleutheria Eleftheria Freedom
Ευαγγέλιο Euaggelio Evangelio Gospel
των υιών tōn uiōn ton ion of the sons

Challenges[edit]

A simple example of difficulties in transliteration is the voiceless uvular plosive used in Arabic and other languages. It is pronounced approximately like English [k], except that the tongue makes contact not on the soft palate but on the uvula. Pronunciation varies between different languages, and different dialects of the same language. The consonant is sometimes transliterated into "g", sometimes "k", and sometimes "q" in English.[3] Another example is the Russian letter "Х" (kha). It is pronounced as the voiceless velar fricative /x/, like the Scottish pronunciation of ⟨ch⟩ in "loch". This sound is not present in most forms of English, and is often transliterated as "kh", as in Nikita Khrushchev. Many languages have phonemic sounds, such as click consonants, which are quite unlike any phoneme in the language into which they are being transliterated.

Some languages and scripts present particular difficulties to transcribers. These are discussed on separate pages.

Adopted[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kharusi, N. S. & Salman, A. (2011) The English Transliteration of Place Names in Oman. Journal of Academic and Applied Studies Vol. 1(3) September 2011, pp. 1–27 Available online at www.academians.org
  2. ^ See Koine Greek phonology.
  3. ^ Language log

External links[edit]

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