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Transportation to Laos
Transportation to Laos
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Transport in Laos
Transport in Laos
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Laos transport...
Laos transport...
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THAI LAOS TRANSPORT SEMINAR 【PATTAYA PEOPLE MEDIA GROUP】
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Ship Car To Laos From USA With A-1 Auto Transport
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Vientiane, Laos. Zac describes the local diplomat transport
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elephant transport - Laos style
elephant transport - Laos style
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Vientiane
Vientiane's Transportation, Laos.wmv
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LAOS, Muang Sing - Transport
LAOS, Muang Sing - Transport
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Crazy Transportation in Laos
Crazy Transportation in Laos
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vehicule de transport laos
vehicule de transport laos
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Mountain Biking River Transport Laos
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Boat transport between Muang Khua and Nong Khiaw in Laos
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Transport Laos
Transport Laos
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Laos public transport
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Lao NEWS on LNTV-Minister Sommad Pholsena says Laos-China rail project
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Laos Vientiane tuk tuk jumbo taxi transport in town
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Lao NEWS on LNTV:DM of Public Works & Transport Dr Bounchanh Sinthavong becomes Minister. 24/3/2014
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Plane Crashes In Laos :Six Australians killed Among 49 Victims Of Laos Plane Crash
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LAOS BUSES JANUARY 2013
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Lao News on LNTV-Laos is hosting the Euro-Asia Regional Review Meeting 7th 05-03-2013
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Songthaew ride in central Laos
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Lao NEWS on LNTV: The annual meeting of (ISWG) unveils Efficiency must be a priority.1/10/2014
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"My Village" Episode 10 - Transportation
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Lao News on LNTV-The Japanese government funds three new hydropower in Laos  28/03/2013
Lao News on LNTV-The Japanese government funds three new hydropower in Laos 28/03/2013
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Lao Corner 9-27-2014
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Bamboo
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Lao NEWS on LNTV: Local road sections&bridges in LPB province damage assessed over 80b kip.25/9/2014
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Plane crashes in Laos; 49 believed dead
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Japan grants 192 billion kip for two projects in Laos
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Lao News on LNTV- new rail link from Nong Khai province to Bangkok 13/04/2013
Lao News on LNTV- new rail link from Nong Khai province to Bangkok 13/04/2013
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Travel with Goats in the Laos public Bus
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Lao NEWS on LNTV-The government plans to expand  Wattay airport
Lao NEWS on LNTV-The government plans to expand Wattay airport's international terminal 18/4/2013
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LAOS TAXI
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ACMECS countries seek to integrate transport links
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Lao NEWS on LNTV-A shortage of asphalt is likely to delay further  construction of the KasyNan road
Lao NEWS on LNTV-A shortage of asphalt is likely to delay further construction of the KasyNan road
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Advancer #1 Vientiane, Laos PDR 10/31/2012
Advancer #1 Vientiane, Laos PDR 10/31/2012
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Peace At Last ? - Laos (1962)
Peace At Last ? - Laos (1962)
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LAo News on LNTV-Laos will host several regional meetings including the 5th ACMECS Summit 12-03-2013
LAo News on LNTV-Laos will host several regional meetings including the 5th ACMECS Summit 12-03-2013
::2013/03/15::
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Horrible Laos Plane Crash in Laos Kills 49 Lao Airlines plane crashed into Mekong river
Horrible Laos Plane Crash in Laos Kills 49 Lao Airlines plane crashed into Mekong river
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Building Networks Through English: The LMI English Program in Laos
Building Networks Through English: The LMI English Program in Laos
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Plane crashes in Laos; 49 believed dead
Plane crashes in Laos; 49 believed dead
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This article concerns systems of transportation in Laos. Laos is a country in Asia, which possesses a number of modern transportation systems, including several highways and a number of airports. As a landlocked country, Laos possesses no ports or harbours on the sea, and the difficulty of navigation on the Mekong means that this is also not a significant transport route.

Geography and transport limits[edit]

Further information: Geography of Laos
A topographic map of Laos.

Because of its mountainous topography and lack of development, Laos has few reliable transportation routes. This inaccessibility has historically limited the ability of any government to maintain a presence in areas distant from the national or provincial capitals and has limited interchange and communication among villages and ethnic groups.

The Mekong and Nam Ou are the only natural channels suitable for large-draft boat transportation, and from December through May low water limits the size of the draft that may be used over many routes. Laotians in lowland villages located on the banks of smaller rivers have traditionally traveled in pirogues for fishing, trading, and visiting up and down the river for limited distances.

Otherwise, travel is by ox-cart over level terrain or by foot. The steep mountains and lack of roads have caused upland ethnic groups to rely entirely on pack baskets and horse packing for transportation.

The road system is not extensive. A rudimentary network begun under French colonial rule and continued from the 1950s has provided an important means of increased intervillage communication, movement of market goods, and a focus for new settlements. In mid-1994, travel in most areas was difficult and expensive, and most Laotians traveled only limited distances, if at all. As a result of ongoing improvements in the road system started during the early 1990s, it is expected that in the future villagers will more easily be able to seek medical care, send children to schools at district centers, and work outside the village.

Railways[edit]

Rail transport in Laos
Thanaleng Train Station Vientiane.jpg
Thanaleng Station near Vientiane, Laos's only railway station
Operation
National railway State Railway of Thailand
Statistics
Ridership ?
System length
Total 3.5 kilometres (2.2 mi)
Electrified 0 km (0 mi)
High-speed 0 km (0 mi)
Track gauge
Main 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
Features
No. tunnels 0
No. stations 1
Highest elevation on Thai–Lao Friendship Bridge

Rail transport does not play a significant part in Laos's transport sector, since the country largely lacks the required infrastructure. A short portage railway, the Don Det – Don Khon narrow gauge railway, was built by the French while Laos was a part of French Indochina. The railway crossed over the islands of Don Det and Don Khon, enabling vessels, freight and passengers to travel along the Mekong River. The railway was abandoned and fell into disrepair, although some of the infrastructure is still in place.[1]

In the late 1920s, work began on the Thakhek – Tan Ap railway, that would have run between Thakhek, Khammouane Province and Tân Ấp Railway Station, Quảng Bình Province, Vietnam through the Mụ Giạ Pass. However, the scheme was eventually aborted in the 1930s.

Link to Thailand[edit]

In January 2007 work began on a 3.5 km extension of the metre-gauge State Railway of Thailand network across the Thai–Lao Friendship Bridge to Thanaleng Railway Station, a new passenger and freight terminal in Dongphosy village, 20 km east of Vientiane.[2] Test trains began running on July 4, 2008,[3] and Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn of Thailand formally inaugurated the line on March 5, 2009.[4][5] As of November 2010, Lao officials plan to convert the station into a rail cargo terminal for freight trains, allowing cargo to be transported from Bangkok into Laos at a lower cost than would be possible with road transport.[6]

Link to Vietnam[edit]

In 2007, the Laotian Ministry of Transportation entered into discussion with Vietnam to discuss the possibility of opening a new railway line from Thakhek in Laos through the Mụ Giạ Pass to Tân Ấp Railway Station in Vietnam's Quảng Bình Province, on the North–South Railway. The proposed line would continue to the coast at Vung Ang, a port in Hà Tĩnh Province, which would provide landlocked Laos with access to the South China Sea. According to plans established by ASEAN, the line may also be extended via Thakhek all the way to the Laotian capital Vientiane. Both Laos and Thailand have expressed interest in the project as a shorter export gateway to the Pacific Ocean.[7][8]

By 2012, the Thakhek project was not in the news anymore; but a project for another, somewhat more southern, line to Vietnam, now from Savannakhet, was announced instead. An agreement for the construction of this 220-kilometre-long, $5 billion line, was signed on Nov 5, 2012 with the Malaysian company called Giant Consolidated Limited. The work is supposed to begin in 2013 and be completed in 4 years.[9][10]

Link to China[edit]

Laos has a long history of negotiating with China regarding the possibility of a join railway project.[11]

In October 2010, plans were announced for a 530 km standard gauge[9] railway linking Vientiane to Xishuangbanna, in Yunnan province in China.[12] Construction was expected to begin in 2011, for completion in 2014.[13][14] There were plans to extend this railway south from Vientiane to Bangkok.[15] However, in April 2011 it was reported that construction of the railway has been postponed indefinitely, while the Chinese minister of Transport and Railways has been arrested on corruption charges.[16]

In October 2012, it was announced again that an agreement with China about the construction of a railway from Vientiane to the Chinese border is to be signed "within days". The project cost is quoted at $7 bln, and the construction will be done by Chinese companies. The ground-breaking ceremony was planned for November 2012, and the completion of the project was expected by 2017.[11] In November 2012, the Laotian press was reporting that the money for the construction of the railway would be borrowed from the EXEM Bank of China; the construction would be started in 2013, and complete in 2018.[9]

The rail link will go through Yunnan province, linking together Kunming, China with Vientiane, Laos via Bangkok, Thailand to Dawei, Myanmar.[17] On February 23, 2013, part of the new railway line started operations. Spans from Yuxi, south of Kunming, capital of China’s southern Yunnan province, to Mengzi on the route to the Vietnamese border, and is mainly intended for freight transport with a maximum speed of 120 km/h. The new line replaces the 100-year-old, 854 kilometer Kunming-Haiphone line, which had a speed of just 30 km/h.[18]

Highways[edit]

In Laos, there are 21,716 km of highway, of which 9,673.5 km are paved, leaving 12,042.5 km unpaved. Driving in Laos is on the right.

Laos has constructed a new highway connecting Savannakhet to the Vietnamese border at Lao Bao, with funding coming from the Japanese government [1]. This has greatly facilitated travelling across Laos. This highway can now be traversed in a few hours, while in 2002 the trip took over 9 hours along a very bumpy (and scenic) route.

Laos is connected across the Mekong to Thailand by First and Second Thai-Lao Friendship Bridges. Vientiane is linked to Udon Thani using the First Friendship Bridge. The Third Thai-Lao Friendship Bridge began construction in March 2009 linking Nakhon Phanom province in northeastern Thailand and Khammouan province in Laos. It was completed on November 11, 2011.

Laos opened a highway connection to Kunming in April 2008. The Fourth Thai-Lao Friendship Bridge is under construction and is hoped to be completed by December 2012 linking Kunming to Bokeo, Laos and Chiang Rai. It will reduce the travel time to 5 hours. This is a cooperation between Thailand, China and Laos.

Water transport[edit]

About 4,587 km of navigable water routes exist in Laos, primarily the Mekong and its tributaries. There is an additional 2,897 km, which is sectionally navigable by craft drawing less than 0.5 m.

In terms of sea travel, Laos has a merchant marine consisting of 1 cargo ship of 2,370 gross register tons (GRT).

Pipelines[edit]

Laos has 136 km of pipeline for transport of petroleum products.

Airports[edit]

The interior of Wattay Airport in Vientiane.

Laos possesses 52 airports, of which 9 have paved runways, and 43 do not. Of the airports with paved runways, only Wattay International Airport has runway length over 2,438m which is necessary to accommodate jumbo jets. Of the remainder, four have runways 1,524 to 2,437 m length, and a further four of lengths between 914 and 1,523 m.

Of the airports without paved runways, 1 has runways of length above 1,524m, 17 have runway lengths between 914 and 1,523 m, leaving 25 with length below 914m.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The only railway (ever) in Laos The International Steam Pages
  2. ^ "Laos link launched". Railway Gazette International. 2007-03-01. 
  3. ^ "Testing takes train into Laos". Railway Gazette International. 2008-07-07. 
  4. ^ "Inaugural train begins Laos royal visit". Railway Gazette International. 2009-03-05. 
  5. ^ Andrew Spooner (2009-02-27). "First train to Laos". The Guardian. Retrieved 2011-03-13. 
  6. ^ Rapeepat Mantanarat (2010-11-09). "Laos rethinks rail project". TTR Weekly. Retrieved 2011-03-13. 
  7. ^ "Fact Sheet: The Singapore–Kunming Rail Link Project". ASEAN. 2007-09-26. Retrieved 2011-01-05. 
  8. ^ "The Study on the Development Plan of Thakek-Vung Ang Gateway between Lao PDR and Vietnam" (PDF). Engineering and Consulting Firms Association, Japan Development Institute (JDI). March 2010. 
  9. ^ a b c Laos-China railways ready to roll, 2012-11-16
  10. ^ Laos to build railway to Vietnam\, 2012-11-14
  11. ^ a b Laos Says China to Finance Rail Link, The Wall Street Journal, 2012-10-24
  12. ^ "NEW CHINA-LAOS LINK". Railways Africa. Retrieved 2010-11-09. 
  13. ^ "LAOS LINK WITH CHINA". Railways Africa. 2010-12-12. Retrieved 2010-12-12. 
  14. ^ "Railway Gazette: China's horizons extend southwards". 2011-01-06. Retrieved 2011-01-06. 
  15. ^ "Railway Gazette: Cross-border construction soon". Retrieved 2011-02-27. 
  16. ^ "High Speed Railway Delay". Radio Free Asia. Retrieved 2011-06-30. 
  17. ^ "China-Laos railway to commence". Investvine.com. Jan 9, 2013. Retrieved Jan 10, 2013. 
  18. ^ "China-ASEAN rail network advances". Investvine.com. 2013-02-24. Retrieved 2013-02-24. 

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the CIA World Factbook.

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