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Transportation Network Companies
Transportation Network Companies
Published: 2014/09/02
Channel: PennsylvaniaPUC
What Is A Transportation Network Company?
What Is A Transportation Network Company?
Published: 2017/06/29
Channel: Sparky Insurance
Transportation Network Companies
Transportation Network Companies
Published: 2016/08/11
Channel: CCMTA / CCATM
What Is A Transportation Network Company
What Is A Transportation Network Company
Published: 2017/10/27
Channel: Ouetr Olex
Morning Minute: Transportation Network Companies (TNC) Exemptions
Morning Minute: Transportation Network Companies (TNC) Exemptions
Published: 2017/08/25
Channel: WisconsinEye
LeanTMS®  - A Unique Hybrid Transportation Network Company
LeanTMS® - A Unique Hybrid Transportation Network Company
Published: 2016/06/23
Channel: LeanLogisticsInc
All Transport Network Company Video 2016
All Transport Network Company Video 2016
Published: 2017/02/21
Channel: CLC Projects
Transportation network company Top # 6 Facts
Transportation network company Top # 6 Facts
Published: 2015/10/28
Channel: Yashika Lipsa
AirnDrive - Transportation Network Company
AirnDrive - Transportation Network Company
Published: 2016/08/14
Channel: Air n Drive
Protecting Consumers with responsible Transportation Network Company Regulation
Protecting Consumers with responsible Transportation Network Company Regulation
Published: 2014/09/03
Channel: RepMustio
Drive for Uber, Lyft, or another TNC?  You need to watch this! | Greenstate Insurance | Everett, WA
Drive for Uber, Lyft, or another TNC? You need to watch this! | Greenstate Insurance | Everett, WA
Published: 2016/05/26
Channel: Greenstate Insurance
Introduction Speech on Transportation Network Company Amendments
Introduction Speech on Transportation Network Company Amendments
Published: 2016/02/22
Channel: Diane Colley-Urquhart
Transportation Network Design & Optimization
Transportation Network Design & Optimization
Published: 2013/02/14
Channel: Edward H. Frazelle, Ph.D.
QRT: Mga transportation network company, saklaw rin ng Anti-Distracted Driving Act
QRT: Mga transportation network company, saklaw rin ng Anti-Distracted Driving Act
Published: 2017/05/17
Channel: GMA News
Houston Transportation Network Company -(713) 300-8569
Houston Transportation Network Company -(713) 300-8569
Published: 2016/11/01
Channel: William Thompson
Investigation: Dangers of Transportation Network Companies
Investigation: Dangers of Transportation Network Companies
Published: 2015/11/10
Channel: kxan
Transportation Network Companies in Salem
Transportation Network Companies in Salem
Published: 2017/06/01
Channel: CITYOFSALEM
Consistent regulation for transportation network companies
Consistent regulation for transportation network companies
Published: 2016/03/16
Channel: Missouri Chamber
515 MIAMI Transportation Network Company
515 MIAMI Transportation Network Company
Published: 2017/02/19
Channel: 515 MIAMI
SB541 - Regulate Transportation Network Companies
SB541 - Regulate Transportation Network Companies
Published: 2015/08/27
Channel: Floyd McKissick
GIRL Expose Careem And Uber transportation network company
GIRL Expose Careem And Uber transportation network company
Published: 2017/10/11
Channel: piyar ali
City of Austin wants tougher regulations for transportation network companies
City of Austin wants tougher regulations for transportation network companies
Published: 2015/09/02
Channel: kxan
PCI Staff discuss Transportation Network Companies
PCI Staff discuss Transportation Network Companies
Published: 2014/10/28
Channel: PropertyCasualty
Duluth City Council first reading of transportation network company ordinance
Duluth City Council first reading of transportation network company ordinance
Published: 2017/03/14
Channel: perfectduluthday
Alberta announces regulation for Transportation Network Companies
Alberta announces regulation for Transportation Network Companies
Published: 2016/06/28
Channel: YourAlberta
Highly anticipated vote expected on transportation network companies in Austin
Highly anticipated vote expected on transportation network companies in Austin
Published: 2015/12/17
Channel: kxan
Transportation Network Companies Still Illegal in Austin
Transportation Network Companies Still Illegal in Austin
Published: 2015/06/05
Channel: Tierra Neubaum
Uber now an accredited Transport Network Company
Uber now an accredited Transport Network Company
Published: 2015/08/20
Channel: UNTV News and Rescue
Black Owned Rideshare Company | Happening Now
Black Owned Rideshare Company | Happening Now
Published: 2016/05/14
Channel: Brian K. Hill
Future of transport network companies now in limbo
Future of transport network companies now in limbo
Published: 2017/07/10
Channel: the dutchman
Rep. Andy Schor Supports Local Cooperation for Transportation Network Companies
Rep. Andy Schor Supports Local Cooperation for Transportation Network Companies
Published: 2014/12/11
Channel: Michigan House Democrats
Mike Kanin talks about City Council vote on Transportation Network Companies
Mike Kanin talks about City Council vote on Transportation Network Companies
Published: 2015/12/18
Channel: kxan
CP24 Clip - Motion supporting transportation network companies
CP24 Clip - Motion supporting transportation network companies
Published: 2015/05/28
Channel: Michael Harris
Uber, accredited na ng LTFRB bilang transport network company
Uber, accredited na ng LTFRB bilang transport network company
Published: 2015/08/19
Channel: UNTV News and Rescue
High-speed urban transportation network coming in Denver?
High-speed urban transportation network coming in Denver?
Published: 2017/11/15
Channel: Fox News
What Is TNC Pickup
What Is TNC Pickup
Published: 2017/10/25
Channel: Nerlak Natre
What Is A TNC Driver
What Is A TNC Driver
Published: 2017/10/27
Channel: Ouetr Olex
SURGE PRICING IMPOSED BY THE TRANSPORT NETWORK COMPANY WILL BE CONTROL BY LTFRB
SURGE PRICING IMPOSED BY THE TRANSPORT NETWORK COMPANY WILL BE CONTROL BY LTFRB
Published: 2016/10/13
Channel: jabuhan
TNC Insurance
TNC Insurance
Published: 2012/02/29
Channel: Frank Cerniglia
Legal Issues Pertaining to Transportation Network Companies and Autonomous Vehicles
Legal Issues Pertaining to Transportation Network Companies and Autonomous Vehicles
Published: 2017/02/16
Channel: LegalTalkNetwork
What Is The TNC License
What Is The TNC License
Published: 2017/10/25
Channel: Nerlak Natre
Uber and Progressive - Rideshare Insurance
Uber and Progressive - Rideshare Insurance
Published: 2016/03/18
Channel: Uber Man
TNC
TNC's - Uber and Lyft
Published: 2014/10/23
Channel: Amar Gupta
What Is TNC Insurance
What Is TNC Insurance
Published: 2017/10/27
Channel: Ouetr Olex
What Is A TNC Driver
What Is A TNC Driver
Published: 2017/10/26
Channel: Mantrey Musico
What Is A TNC Company?
What Is A TNC Company?
Published: 2017/09/09
Channel: Funny Question
What Does TNC Stand For Uber
What Does TNC Stand For Uber
Published: 2017/10/27
Channel: Ouetr Olex
AirnDrive Transportation Rental Network Company
AirnDrive Transportation Rental Network Company
Published: 2016/08/17
Channel: AirnDrive Transportation Network Company
What Is A TNC Driver?
What Is A TNC Driver?
Published: 2017/06/27
Channel: SS Health Tips
What Is TNC Insurance
What Is TNC Insurance
Published: 2017/10/26
Channel: Mantrey Musico
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Lyft, a private hire TNC.

A transportation network company (TNC) (sometimes known as mobility service providers or MSPs), connects via websites and mobile apps, pairing passengers with drivers who provide such passengers with transportation on the driver's non-commercial vehicle. TNCs include Gett, Lyft, Juno, Cabify, Uber, goCatch, Via, Ola Cabs, GoCar, GO-JEK, Careem, Wingz, Taxify, GrabTaxi, Didi Chuxing, Easy Taxi, 99 and Fasten. TNCs are examples of the sharing economy.

Legal definition[edit]

In 2013, the California Public Utilities Commission defined, for regulation purposes, a transportation network company as a company that uses an online-enabled platform to connect passengers with drivers using their personal, non-commercial, vehicles.[1]

Virginia defines a TNC as a company that "provides prearranged rides for compensation using a digital platform that connects passengers with drivers using a personal vehicle."[2] Other states have also regulated TNCs, including Massachusetts.

"Ridesharing"[edit]

TNC platforms have sometimes been called "ridesharing", but the terms "ridesourcing" and "ride-hailing" have been developed to describe the transportation services associated with TNCs. Some early reports used the term "ridesourcing" to clarify that drivers do not share a destination with their passengers and that the driver's primary motivation was income.[3] The term "ridesourcing" means the outsourcing of rides.[4] In early 2015, the Associated Press Stylebook officially adopted the term "ride-haling" to describe the services offered by Lyft and Uber [5] to reflect the availability of private vehicles and taxis services on the platforms. Notably, "ride-hailing" makes no reference to the driver's motivation or to the trip characteristics which makes it a more accurate term given that rides are often not motivated by income[6] and that new technologies allow drivers and passengers to share common destinations [7].

Legality and opposition from taxicab operators[edit]

Taxi industry groups have argued that TNCs are illegal taxicab operations which take away their business.[8] Several communities, governments, and organizations have established rules and regulations that specifically govern TNCs and, in some jurisdictions, TNCs are completely illegal to operate. For information, see Uber protests and legal actions.

Advantages[edit]

For riders[edit]

Compared to taxicabs, TNCs offer advantages to riders including the ability to:[9][10][11]

  • Request service via mobile app or website, which is not available from all taxicab companies.
  • Request service in less populated or poorer areas that are not regularly served by taxicabs.
  • Track the location of the driver and know exactly when the car will arrive.
  • Have the service monitored by the TNC.
  • Have the driver subject to background checks, training, drug and alcohol policies, and insurance coverage, depending on the jurisdiction.
  • Use a cheaper service than a taxicab, since taxicab rates are often set by local jurisdictions.
  • Get a receipt via email.

For drivers[edit]

For the drivers, TNCs provide "flexible and independent jobs".[12]

For society[edit]

TNCs allegedly reduce congestion because, since the cars "can't accept street hails, they do much less unnecessary driving-around than either government-licensed/regulated taxi cabs (who are cruising for hails) or individuals (who are looking for a parking spot)."[13]

One study showed that having a TNC operating in a city reduced drunk driving rates;[14] however, another study reported that TNCs do not reduce drunk driving rates.[15]

A March 2016 study by Judd Cramer and Alan B. Krueger of the National Bureau of Economic Research showed that a ride via a TNC uses capacity more efficiently than traditional taxicabs as TNC drivers are more likely to have a passenger than a taxicab.[16]

Driving the rider's car[edit]

Another variation of a TNC is to use online marketplaces to provide drivers who drive the customer's personal vehicle for them. Examples include Dryver, IDriveYourCar.com, and WeDrive. In these models, customers typically reserve a driver who arrives at their location, takes them wherever they need to go in their own car, and then returns the car and the customer home at the end of the reservation.

Disadvantages[edit]

For society[edit]

TNCs increase traffic congestion in some cities, due to the large number of TNC vehicles constantly cruising waiting for customers.[17][18] Bruce Schaller's report based on New York City data suggest that TNCs are unsustainable.[19] TNC model allows avoiding the costs of insurance, sales tax, mechanical vehicle inspections, and providing a universally-accessible service. Some critics believes that TNCs success comes from being parasitic on the cities in which it operates.[20] New regulations are proposed to compensate some of these disadvantages.[21]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "DECISION ADOPTING RULES AND REGULATIONS TO PROTECT PUBLIC SAFETY WHILE ALLOWING NEW ENTRANTS TO THE TRANSPORTATION INDUSTRY" (PDF). California Public Utilities Commission. December 20, 2012. 
  2. ^ Virginia DMV: TNC Frequently Asked Questions
  3. ^ Rayle, L., S. Shaheen, N. Chan, D. Dai, and R. Cervero. "App-Based, On-Demand Ride Services: Comparing Taxi and Ridesourcing Trips and User Characteristics in San Francisco". University of California Transportation Center, 2014.
  4. ^ Geron, Tomio (September 19, 2013). "California Becomes First State To Regulate Ridesharing Services Lyft, Sidecar, UberX". Forbes Magazine. 
  5. ^ Warzel, Charlie (2015-01-08). "Let's All Join The AP Stylebook In Killing The Term "Ride-Sharing"". BuzzFeed. Retrieved 2017-11-15. 
  6. ^ Anderson, Donald N. (2014-05-28). ""Not just a taxi"? For-profit ridesharing, driver strategies, and VMT". Transportation. Springer Nature. 41 (5): 1099–1117. doi:10.1007/s11116-014-9531-8. ISSN 0049-4488. 
  7. ^ "Set my Driver Destination". Uber. Retrieved 2017-11-15. 
  8. ^ Alex Goldmark (August 8, 2013). "In California, They're Not Taxis, They're 'Transportation Network Companies'". Transportation Nation. 
  9. ^ Rott, Nate (August 8, 2013). "California's New Rules Could Change The Rideshare Game". NPR. 
  10. ^ "Uber is here to stay, and that's a good thing". The Globe and Mail. 
  11. ^ Megan McArdle (July 20, 2015). "Uber Serves the Poor by Going Where Taxis Don't". BloombergView.com. 
  12. ^ "The gig-economy: Uber good or Uber bad?". canadianlabour.ca. May 12, 2015. 
  13. ^ Felix Salmon (July 30, 2015). "New Yorkers love Uber. But is Uber good for New York?". Fusion. 
  14. ^ "Uber Prevents Drunk Driving: Advantage Over Taxis". Lyft Uber Newsletter. 
  15. ^ Fredrick Kunkle (July 27, 2016). "Is Uber reducing drunk driving? New study says no". Washington Post. 
  16. ^ Judd Cramer and Alan B. Krueger (March 2016). "Disruptive Change in the Taxi Business: The Case of Uber" (PDF). National Bureau of Economic Research. 
  17. ^ Joe Fitzgerald Rodriguez (December 11, 2016). "SF blasts Uber, Lyft for downtown traffic congestion". 
  18. ^ Charles Komanoff (Feb 27, 2017). "It's Settled: Uber Is Making NYC Gridlock Worse". 
  19. ^ http://schallerconsult.com/rideservices/unsustainable.htm
  20. ^ Slee, Tom (2015). What's Yours Is Mine: Against the Sharing Economy. New York: OR Books. ISBN 1-68219-022-6
  21. ^ Vanessa Katz, Regulating the Sharing Economy, 30 Berkeley Tech. L.J. 1067 (2015). DOI 10.15779/Z38HG45

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