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Travel Behavior
Travel Behavior
Published: 2015/12/15
Channel: Tiffany Gouche - Topic
Travel Behavior of Millennials
Travel Behavior of Millennials
Published: 2014/11/12
Channel: USC Price
Travel Behavior Visualization
Travel Behavior Visualization
Published: 2013/10/15
Channel: Xl Zhou
Because Tomboys Swim, Too.
Because Tomboys Swim, Too.
Published: 2017/07/06
Channel: TOMBOYISH
Mindless Behavior - Mrs. Right ft. Diggy Simmons
Mindless Behavior - Mrs. Right ft. Diggy Simmons
Published: 2011/06/29
Channel: MindlessBehaviorVEVO
Mindless Behavior - Hello
Mindless Behavior - Hello
Published: 2012/03/08
Channel: MindlessBehaviorVEVO
Highlights: Travel Behavior of Millennials
Highlights: Travel Behavior of Millennials
Published: 2014/11/18
Channel: USC Price
Trends in Travel Behavior
Trends in Travel Behavior
Published: 2015/04/10
Channel: CUTRUSF
Travel Behavior Change and New Social Justice Issues
Travel Behavior Change and New Social Justice Issues
Published: 2015/08/27
Channel: CUTRUSF
HTT 565 Travel Behavior Video PD Waterfront
HTT 565 Travel Behavior Video PD Waterfront
Published: 2016/12/23
Channel: Irsya Halim
Planning for Changing Travel Behavior
Planning for Changing Travel Behavior
Published: 2015/04/10
Channel: CUTRUSF
Dark Tourism / Travel Behavior
Dark Tourism / Travel Behavior
Published: 2017/07/16
Channel: Amirah Azmi
Transit-Oriented Developments on Travel Behavior of Millennials
Transit-Oriented Developments on Travel Behavior of Millennials
Published: 2015/03/06
Channel: Michelle Louie
Driverless Cars - Implications for Travel Behavior
Driverless Cars - Implications for Travel Behavior
Published: 2014/03/06
Channel: Center for Transportation Research - UT Austin
Travel Behavior Inventory Introduction for Twin Cities Region
Travel Behavior Inventory Introduction for Twin Cities Region
Published: 2010/09/22
Channel: Metropolitan Council
Part 2-09 Airport and Travel Behavior
Part 2-09 Airport and Travel Behavior
Published: 2013/01/19
Channel: TheGCTcom
Research Seminar: Effects of Complete Streets on Travel Behavior
Research Seminar: Effects of Complete Streets on Travel Behavior
Published: 2016/05/26
Channel: California Air Resources Board
Brown Bag Lecture Series: Understanding Long-Distance Travel Behavior
Brown Bag Lecture Series: Understanding Long-Distance Travel Behavior
Published: 2015/04/20
Channel: UVM Transportation Research Center
travel behavior
travel behavior
Published: 2017/07/15
Channel: Ku Izja Syaheera
TRAVEL BEHAVIOR AND ACTIVITY ANALYSIS
TRAVEL BEHAVIOR AND ACTIVITY ANALYSIS
Published: 2016/12/05
Channel: adobe beta
MOOC MODULE 4: Quantifying and predicting travel behaviour
MOOC MODULE 4: Quantifying and predicting travel behaviour
Published: 2016/11/10
Channel: Master of Transportation Sciences - Hasselt University
Driverless Cars & Implications for Travel Behavior - SXSW Panel
Driverless Cars & Implications for Travel Behavior - SXSW Panel
Published: 2014/03/11
Channel: Center for Transportation Research - UT Austin
Travel Behavior Masca Omoa 09 2017
Travel Behavior Masca Omoa 09 2017
Published: 2017/09/19
Channel: Jylynn Heads
Daynamica: A Smartphone Solution for Collecting and Processing Travel Behavior Data
Daynamica: A Smartphone Solution for Collecting and Processing Travel Behavior Data
Published: 2016/08/08
Channel: CTSUMN
CUTR Webcast March 10, 2011: Trends in Travel Behavior
CUTR Webcast March 10, 2011: Trends in Travel Behavior
Published: 2012/08/22
Channel: CUTRUSF
Metro Travel Behavior and How to Detect Problems with a Smart Card
Metro Travel Behavior and How to Detect Problems with a Smart Card
Published: 2016/04/22
Channel: HKUSTAlumni
Webinar: Integrating explicit and implicit methods in travel behavior research
Webinar: Integrating explicit and implicit methods in travel behavior research
Published: 2017/02/22
Channel: TREC
HTT565 TRAVEL BEHAVIOUR
HTT565 TRAVEL BEHAVIOUR
Published: 2017/07/06
Channel: hafizi Z
Kek Lok Si Temple - Travel Behaviour
Kek Lok Si Temple - Travel Behaviour
Published: 2017/07/19
Channel: Mak Aih
Travel Behavior Among Latino Immigrants in LA- A Case Study of Boyle Heights & Westlake
Travel Behavior Among Latino Immigrants in LA- A Case Study of Boyle Heights & Westlake
Published: 2014/03/06
Channel: jeshikaness
Webinar: Using gamification to encourage travel behavior change
Webinar: Using gamification to encourage travel behavior change
Published: 2014/07/18
Channel: SteerDaviesGleave
Travel Behavior and Attitudes: New Urbanist vs. Traditional Suburban Neighborhoods
Travel Behavior and Attitudes: New Urbanist vs. Traditional Suburban Neighborhoods
Published: 2015/02/18
Channel: TREC
Webinar: Land Use Mix and Pedestrian Travel Behavior
Webinar: Land Use Mix and Pedestrian Travel Behavior
Published: 2017/07/25
Channel: TREC
Effect of Personal Characteristics on Active Transportation Travel Behaviour
Effect of Personal Characteristics on Active Transportation Travel Behaviour
Published: 2015/10/29
Channel: McGill Transportation
Summer Break Travel Behavior.mp4
Summer Break Travel Behavior.mp4
Published: 2012/10/28
Channel: Hans Wirawan
Changing Travel Behavior - Candice Howarth, Imperial College London
Changing Travel Behavior - Candice Howarth, Imperial College London
Published: 2011/12/09
Channel: BECCmedia
The Future of Travel!
The Future of Travel!
Published: 2015/09/15
Channel: Wirecard
Epidemic Spread by Travel Behavior
Epidemic Spread by Travel Behavior
Published: 2016/04/26
Channel: EagleForce Health
HTT 565 | Travel Behavior Group Assignment | Mersing
HTT 565 | Travel Behavior Group Assignment | Mersing
Published: 2016/12/23
Channel: Ashraf Alam
Tourism in the Kattegat Area Analysing the travel behaviour of Sams� tourists to enhance the touri
Tourism in the Kattegat Area Analysing the travel behaviour of Sams� tourists to enhance the touri
Published: 2017/07/24
Channel: Beverly
Webinar Using gamification to encourage travel behavior change FINALCUT
Webinar Using gamification to encourage travel behavior change FINALCUT
Published: 2014/07/18
Channel: Steve Hoyle
Video Presentation: Travel Behavior (Broga Hill)
Video Presentation: Travel Behavior (Broga Hill)
Published: 2016/12/30
Channel: diddyakuza fara
Behavior at workplace | Cabin Crew Interview | Mamta Sachdeva | Aviation | Travel | Hindi |
Behavior at workplace | Cabin Crew Interview | Mamta Sachdeva | Aviation | Travel | Hindi |
Published: 2017/04/18
Channel: Mamta Sachdeva
Regional Travel Behaviour of International VFR Travellers
Regional Travel Behaviour of International VFR Travellers
Published: 2016/05/30
Channel: HTM Ryerson
Webinar: Changing travel behaviour of children and young adults
Webinar: Changing travel behaviour of children and young adults
Published: 2012/03/19
Channel: CIVITAS Initiative
ITB Future Day Keynote: Consumer Behaviour and Travel Patterns in Times
ITB Future Day Keynote: Consumer Behaviour and Travel Patterns in Times
Published: 2013/04/18
Channel: Stenden ETFI
Linking Land Use and Travel Behavior in Ohio 7_10_2013
Linking Land Use and Travel Behavior in Ohio 7_10_2013
Published: 2015/12/16
Channel: Ohio LTAP Center
Chinese tourists accused of bad behavior in Thailand
Chinese tourists accused of bad behavior in Thailand
Published: 2015/02/23
Channel: CGTN
Let
Let's Play Fallout 4 - [SURVIVAL - NO FAST TRAVEL] - Part 632 - Wonky Behavior
Published: 2017/08/09
Channel: Volx
Webinar  Using gamification to encourage travel behavior change 16 07 2014 18 02
Webinar Using gamification to encourage travel behavior change 16 07 2014 18 02
Published: 2014/07/17
Channel: Steve Hoyle
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Travel behavior is the study of what people do over space, and how people use transport.

Questions studied[edit]

The questions studied in travel behavior are broad, and are probed through activity and time-use research studies, and surveys of travelers designed to reveal attitudes, behaviors and the gaps between them in relation to the sociological and environmental impacts of travel.

  • How many trips do people make?
  • Where do they go? (What is the destination?)
  • What mode do they take?
  • Who accompanies whom?
  • When is the trip made? What is the schedule?
  • What is the sequence or pattern of trips?
  • What route choices do people make?
  • Why do people travel? (Why can't people stay at home and telecommute or teleshop?)
  • To what degree are people aware of the environmental and climate impacts of their travel choices?[1][2]
  • To what degree and how do people rationalize the environmental and climate impacts causes by their travel?[3][4]
  • Where changes in travel behavior would be beneficial to society, how might those changes be promoted?[5]

Other behavioral aspects of traveling, such as letting people get off before entering a vehicle, queueing behavior, etc. (See for example Passenger behavior in Shanghai)

Data[edit]

These questions can be answered descriptively using a travel diary, often part of a travel survey or travel behavior inventory. Large metropolitan areas typically only do such surveys once every decade, though some cities are conducting panel surveys, which track the same people year after year.

That data is generally used to estimate transportation planning models, so that transport analysts can make predictions about people who haven't been surveyed. This is important in forecasting traffic, which depends on future changes to road networks, land use patterns, and policies.

Some years ago it was recognized that behavioral research was limited by data, and a special data set was developed to aid research: The Baltimore Disaggregate Data Set which is the result an in depth survey, ca. 1977. Its title indicates today’s emphasis on disaggregated rather than aggregated data. This particular data set is believed lost. A small program to preserve and make available on the web these travel behavior surveys, the Metropolitan Travel Survey Archive, is now under way at the University of Minnesota. There is also the National Personal Transportation Survey (later National Household Travel Survey), conducted every five years or so, but with much less spatial detail.

Travel behavior and activity analysis[edit]

Analysis of travel behavior from the home can answer the question: How does the family participate in modern society. Consider two non-observable extremes. At one extreme we have the non-specialized household. It does everything for itself, and no travel is required. Ultimate specialization is the other extreme; travel is required for all things. Observed households are somewhere in between. The “in between” position of households might be thought of as the consequence of two matters.

  1. There is social and economic structure – the organization of society. To participate in this society, the household specializes its occupations, education, social activities, etc.
  2. The extent to which members of the household specialize turns on their attributes and resources.

Moore (1964) has observed that increasing specialization in all things is the chief feature of social change. Considering social changes, one might observe that 100 years ago things were less specialized compared to today. So we would expect lots of change in household travel over the time period. Data are not very good, but the travel time aspect of what’s available seems contrary to the expectation, travel hasn’t changed much. For instance, the time spent on the journey to work may have been stable for centuries (the travel budget hypothesis). Here are some travel time comparisons from John Robinson (1986).

Table: Minutes per day spent in travel
Men Women
Activity 1975 1985 1975 1985
Work Travel 25 31 9 17
Family Travel 33 31 33 33
Leisure Travel 27 33 21 23
Total 85 94 63 73

Most travel behavior analysis concerns demand issues and do not touch very much on supply issues. Yet when we observe travel from a home, we are certainly observing some sort of market clearing process – demand and supply are matched.

History of travel behavior analysis[edit]

Analytic work on travel behavior can be dated from Liepmann (1945). Liepmann obtained and analyzed 1930s data on worker travel in England. Many of the insights current today were found by Liepmann: time spent, ride sharing, etc. Most academics date modern work from advances in mode choice analysis made in the 1970s. This created much excitement, and after some years an International Association for Travel Behaviour Research emerged. There are about 150 members of the Association; it holds a conference every three years. The proceedings of those conferences yield a nice record of advances in the field. The proceedings also provide a record of topics of lasting interest and of changing priorities. Mode choice received priority early on, but in the main today’s work is not so much on theory as it is on practice. Hagerstrand (1970) developed a time and space path analysis, often called the time-space prism.

Gender Difference In Travel Patterns[edit]

On November 18–20, 2004, Transportation Research Board (TRB) held its third conference in Chicago, Illinois, with an interest in advancing the understanding of women’s issues in transportation. One of the presented studies, conducted by Nobis et al.,[6] revealed that the gender difference in travel patterns is linked to employment status, household structure, child care, and maintenance tasks. They found that travel patterns of men and women are much similar when considering single families; the differences are greater once males and females are compared in multi-person households without children; and are the highest once they live in households with children. Over the past two decades numerous studies have been conducted on travel behavior showing gender as an influential factor in travel decision making.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hanna P., Scarles C., Cohen S.A., Adams M. (2016). Everyday climate discourses and sustainable tourism. Jrnl. Sust. Tourism.
  2. ^ Hares A. (2009). The role of climate change in the travel decisions of UK tourists. CSTT 2009 conf: Transport and Tourism: Challenges, Issues and Conflicts. pp.141-154. [1].
  3. ^ Higham J.E.S., Cohen S.A., Cavaliere C.T. (2014). Climate Change, Discretionary Air Travel, and the "Flyers' Dilemma". Jrnl Trav. Res. 53:4:pp.462-475.
  4. ^ Davison L., Littleford C., Ryley T. (2014). Air travel attitudes and behaviours: The development of environment-based segments. Jrnl of Air Transp. Mngmt. 36:pp.13-22. [2]
  5. ^ Truong D., Hall C.M. (2015). Promoting voluntary behaviour change for sustainable tourism. The Routledge handbook of tourism and sustainability. pp.266-280. [3]
  6. ^ Nobis, C.; B. Lenz. (2004). "Gender Differences in Travel Patterns: Role of Employment Status and Household Structure". Research on Women's Issues in Transportation, Report of a Conference, Vol. 2: Technical Papers. Retrieved 27 June 2015. 
  7. ^ Fatemeh Baratian-Ghorghi; Huaguo Zhou (2015). "Investigating Women’s and Men’s Propensity to Use Traffic Information in a Developing Country". Transportation in Developing Economies. Retrieved 27 June 2015. 

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