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Treaty of Accession 1972
Treaty of Accession 1972
Published: 2016/08/28
Channel: WikiWikiup
Sir Edward Heath signs EEC Treaty of Accession 1 January 1973
Sir Edward Heath signs EEC Treaty of Accession 1 January 1973
Published: 2009/04/26
Channel: SIREDWARDHEATH
EDWARD HEATH Interview in Brussels after singing Treaty with EEC - 24I1972
EDWARD HEATH Interview in Brussels after singing Treaty with EEC - 24I1972
Published: 2015/10/28
Channel: HC Fischer-Leskov
EEC TREATY
EEC TREATY
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: British Movietone
Merger Treaty
Merger Treaty
Published: 2016/09/04
Channel: WikiWikiup
The reason why Great Britain joined European Community back in 1973
The reason why Great Britain joined European Community back in 1973
Published: 2016/06/27
Channel: Emil Alexandru
Britain and Europe still writhing after all these years
Britain and Europe still writhing after all these years
Published: 2014/06/30
Channel: euronews (in English)
1973 enlargement of the European Communities
1973 enlargement of the European Communities
Published: 2016/08/17
Channel: WikiWikiup
SYND 22-1-72 EDWARD HEATH AND  IRISH REPUBLICAN PRIME MINISTER JACK LYNCH, SIGN COMMON MARKET TREATY
SYND 22-1-72 EDWARD HEATH AND IRISH REPUBLICAN PRIME MINISTER JACK LYNCH, SIGN COMMON MARKET TREATY
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Who Were The Countries That Joined The European Union 1973?
Who Were The Countries That Joined The European Union 1973?
Published: 2017/09/10
Channel: Frequent Question
EU Referendum: A Protracted Campaign of Lies and Deceit
EU Referendum: A Protracted Campaign of Lies and Deceit
Published: 2016/04/29
Channel: End Time Hour
European Union knowingly deceiving and betraying the British people into European rule
European Union knowingly deceiving and betraying the British people into European rule
Published: 2013/04/28
Channel: ITZOUTTHERE
HEATH RETURNS - SOUND
HEATH RETURNS - SOUND
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: British Movietone
The first enlargement (1973)
The first enlargement (1973)
Published: 2016/03/08
Channel: The European Union in the Contemporary World
Why Did The UK Join The EU In 1973?
Why Did The UK Join The EU In 1973?
Published: 2017/09/10
Channel: Frequent Question
Accession of the United Kingdom to the European Economic Community
Accession of the United Kingdom to the European Economic Community
Published: 2016/09/25
Channel: WikiWikiup
BRITAIN
BRITAIN'S ENTRY TO THE EU/EEC WAS BASED ON DECEIT - CIB
Published: 2011/04/12
Channel: sirnyler
Maastricht Treaty
Maastricht Treaty
Published: 2014/10/10
Channel: Audiopedia
When Did The EEC Become The EU?
When Did The EEC Become The EU?
Published: 2017/09/10
Channel: Frequent Question
BRIT POLITICS: UK & Europe - Why did the UK join the EEC?
BRIT POLITICS: UK & Europe - Why did the UK join the EEC?
Published: 2016/04/22
Channel: Rodaidh McLaughlin
Ireland into the EEC: The 1972 Debate
Ireland into the EEC: The 1972 Debate
Published: 2013/11/19
Channel: Connolly Mediagroup
Norway Vote No To Common Market - Colour (1972)
Norway Vote No To Common Market - Colour (1972)
Published: 2014/04/13
Channel: British Pathé
SYND 25-9-72 NORWEGIANS START TO VOTE IN EEC REFERENDUM
SYND 25-9-72 NORWEGIANS START TO VOTE IN EEC REFERENDUM
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
COMMON MARKET SIGNING
COMMON MARKET SIGNING
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: British Movietone
TOP 5 HISTORICAL STRATEGIC  MISTAKES BY INDIA
TOP 5 HISTORICAL STRATEGIC MISTAKES BY INDIA
Published: 2016/07/22
Channel: Defense Updates
Was Britain Taken Into The EU Illegally
Was Britain Taken Into The EU Illegally
Published: 2016/07/22
Channel: ye olde grumpy-git
5 January 1972 BBC1 - Blue Peter fire report
5 January 1972 BBC1 - Blue Peter fire report
Published: 2017/01/05
Channel: The TV Museum
The Real Face of the European Union - (part 2 of 3) NWO
The Real Face of the European Union - (part 2 of 3) NWO
Published: 2010/11/07
Channel: Sir Growalott
SYND 22-1-72 BRITISH PRIME MINSTER, EDWARD HEATH, COVERED IN INK AT COMMON MARKET TREATY SIGNING
SYND 22-1-72 BRITISH PRIME MINSTER, EDWARD HEATH, COVERED IN INK AT COMMON MARKET TREATY SIGNING
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
SYND 31-12-72 TORCHLIGHT PARADE TO CELEBRATE BRITAIN
SYND 31-12-72 TORCHLIGHT PARADE TO CELEBRATE BRITAIN'S ENTRY INTO EEC
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
SYND 2-1-73 HEATH SPEECH AT EEC ENTRY CELEBRATION BANQUET
SYND 2-1-73 HEATH SPEECH AT EEC ENTRY CELEBRATION BANQUET
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Jeremy Thorpe at the signing of the Treaty of Accessions
Jeremy Thorpe at the signing of the Treaty of Accessions
Published: 2014/12/04
Channel: Top News In World
Treason Audio Part 3
Treason Audio Part 3
Published: 2010/10/06
Channel: Earthlinggb
Treaty of Brussels
Treaty of Brussels
Published: 2015/12/29
Channel: WikiAudio
Nehru Created Kashmir Problem : Sri Rajiv Dixit
Nehru Created Kashmir Problem : Sri Rajiv Dixit
Published: 2012/05/11
Channel: Rajiv Dixit
History of the European Union
History of the European Union
Published: 2014/11/17
Channel: Audiopedia
UK in the EEC Referendum, 1975: "Out and into the World"
UK in the EEC Referendum, 1975: "Out and into the World"
Published: 2016/06/16
Channel: John Moore
Gavin Barwell
Gavin Barwell's meeting promoting Britain remaining part of the EU
Published: 2016/06/05
Channel: Tony Martin
British Journalist, Michael Cockerell, on European Union Referendum, Lessons from 1975 // BBC
British Journalist, Michael Cockerell, on European Union Referendum, Lessons from 1975 // BBC
Published: 2016/10/15
Channel: Visionary People
When Did Denmark Join The European Union?
When Did Denmark Join The European Union?
Published: 2017/08/14
Channel: Uno Uno
SYND 19 9 72 EEC QUESTION FOR NORWAY AND DENMARK TO BE ANSWERED IN REFERENDUM
SYND 19 9 72 EEC QUESTION FOR NORWAY AND DENMARK TO BE ANSWERED IN REFERENDUM
Published: 2015/07/23
Channel: AP Archive
Ireland Joining the European Union
Ireland Joining the European Union
Published: 2013/05/07
Channel: 2ndyearcspebgs
Irish Economic Collapse
Irish Economic Collapse
Published: 2010/11/07
Channel: macvair
vrt road tax theft
vrt road tax theft
Published: 2015/07/23
Channel: jay kay
Interview concerning the Common Market.  Archive Film 4618
Interview concerning the Common Market. Archive Film 4618
Published: 2014/02/24
Channel: HuntleyFilmArchives
Sir Edward Heath audio only interview
Sir Edward Heath audio only interview
Published: 2016/07/29
Channel: Russtafa B
THE NETHERLANDS: EU SUMMIT: SECOND DAY BEGINS
THE NETHERLANDS: EU SUMMIT: SECOND DAY BEGINS
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
THE COMMON MARKET
THE COMMON MARKET
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: British Movietone
Is Switzerland A Member Of The European Union?
Is Switzerland A Member Of The European Union?
Published: 2017/09/05
Channel: Question Rack
Edward Heath receives European Unity Prize
Edward Heath receives European Unity Prize
Published: 2009/07/03
Channel: SIREDWARDHEATH
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Treaty concerning the accession of the Kingdom of Denmark, Ireland, the Kingdom of Norway and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to the European Economic Community and to the European Atomic Energy Community
{{{image_alt}}}
Countries involved in the treaty, with newly joining countries in yellow, countries who failed to join in red, and existing EC countries in blue.
Signed 22 January 1972
Location Brussels
Effective 1 January 1973
Condition ratification by Denmark, Ireland, Norway, the United Kingdom and all 6 Member States of the European Union
Signatories
Ratifiers
9 / 10
Depositary Government of the Italian Republic
Languages All 4 official Languages of the European Union, Danish, English, Irish and Norwegian
Flag of Europe.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
European Union

The Treaty of Accession 1972 was the international agreement which provided for the accession of Denmark, Ireland, Norway and the United Kingdom to the European Communities. Norway did not ratify the treaty after it was rejected in a referendum held in September 1972. The treaty was ratified by the Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom who became EC member states on 1 January 1973 when the treaty entered into force. The treaty remains an integral part of the constitutional basis of the European Union.

Full title[edit]

The full official name of the treaty is:

Treaty between the Kingdom of Belgium, the Federal Republic of Germany, the French Republic, the Italian Republic, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Kingdom of the Netherlands (Member States of the European Communities) the Kingdom of Denmark, Ireland, the Kingdom of Norway and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland concerning the accession of the Kingdom of Denmark, Ireland, the Kingdom of Norway and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to the European Economic Community and to the European Atomic Energy Community.

Context[edit]

The four countries were already economically linked within the European Free Trade Area. The UK's role in international affairs had weakened, unlike the EC member countries, which in the 1960s were strongly recovering from the Second World War; Ireland remained economically dependent on the UK, which represents nearly 75% of its exports[1] and sought to reduce this dependence.

To join the EC, countries had to meet two criteria: belonging to the European continent and obtain agreement from all member countries. On 31 July 1961 the United Kingdom,[2] Ireland[3] and Denmark[4] applied to join the EC. In 1963, after lengthy negotiations,[5] France vetoed Britain's application because of the aversion of Charles de Gaulle to the UK,[3] which he considered a "Trojan Horse" for the United States.[1] De Gaulle famously uttered the single word 'non' into the television cameras at the critical moment, a statement used to sum up French opposition towards Britain for many years afterwards.[6][7] UK Prime Minister Harold Macmillan said afterwards that he always believed that de Gaulle would prevent Britain joining, but thought he would do it quietly, behind the scenes. He later complained privately that "all our plans are in tatters".[8]

Enlargement[edit]

France, under de Gaulle's successor Georges Pompidou, removed its opposition following the 1969 Hague EEC summit conference.[9] This made the expansion of membership possible, providing for political convergence between the EEC and EFTA.

After a long period of negotiations, expansion of the EC's membership was ratified by the member states' national parliaments, except in the case of France, where in April 1972 a referendum on EC enlargement was passed with a favorable vote of 68%.[1]

Between May and October 1972, the treaty was passed in three EFTA states; in Ireland on 10 May 1972, with 81.3% of the vote; in the UK by the Houses of Parliament; and in Denmark with 63.3% of votes; the Danish Constitution stipulates that any change in its national sovereignty must be submitted to the public in the form of a referendum.[10] In Norway's referendum however, 53.5% of voters opposed the country's accession, and Prime Minister Trygve Bratteli resigned following the defeat of his government. It was the second attempt by Norway to become a member, after being rejected by France in 1962 and again temporarily in 1967, but the first attempt at a referendum following a successful negotiation.[11]

The United Kingdom consulted its citizens directly only after joining the European Communities: following the British general election of October 1974, the Labour government of Harold Wilson held a referendum to fulfill one of its campaign promises.The non-binding referendum was held on 5 June 1975, some two and half years after the UK's accession. It was the first ever national referendum to be held in the UK, and the "yes" vote won by a landslide 67.23% on a 65% turnout with 66 out of the 68 local counting areas returning majority "yes" votes.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "1er élargissement de la CEE (1er Janvier 1973)". 
  2. ^ "Address given by Harold Macmillan on the United Kingdom's application for membership to the EC" (PDF). Le Centre Virtuel de la Connaissance sur l'Europe. 31 July 1961. 
  3. ^ a b "Ireland in the EU - Joining the European Community". European Union. 
  4. ^ "A timeline of the EU". BBC News. 
  5. ^ "Britain's EU membership: New insight from economic history". VOX, CEPR’s Policy Portal. 
  6. ^ "BBC ON THIS DAY - 27 - 1967: De Gaulle says 'non' to Britain - again". 
  7. ^ Richards, Denis & Quick, Antony (1974) Twentieth Century Britain
  8. ^ Holland, Robert (1991) Fontana History of England – Britain & the World Role
  9. ^ "Final communiqué of the Hague Summit" (PDF). Le Centre Virtuel de la Connaissance sur l'Europe. 2 December 1969. 
  10. ^ "Danmarkshistorien: Ja til EF 1972". Undervisningsministeriet (Education Ministry). 
  11. ^ "Folkeavstemningen om EU (opphørt) - SSB". ssb.no. 
  12. ^ Jan-Henrik Meyer, The 1975 referendum on Britain's continued membership in the EEC, at the site Centre virtuel de la connaissance sur l'Europe.

External links[edit]

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