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TheMBTADog: MBTA Green Line Central Subway Ride - Boylston & Tremont Street Subways
TheMBTADog: MBTA Green Line Central Subway Ride - Boylston & Tremont Street Subways
Published: 2016/09/01
Channel: TheMBTADog [Real]
Boston History in a Minute: First Subway in America
Boston History in a Minute: First Subway in America
Published: 2014/12/08
Channel: Ye Olde Tavern Tours
Things/Time: A Public Art Installation - Tremont Tunnels
Things/Time: A Public Art Installation - Tremont Tunnels
Published: 2014/08/10
Channel: Chelsea Southard
MBTA: Walking through Boylston station
MBTA: Walking through Boylston station
Published: 2009/09/12
Channel: Moepabc
Abandoned Subway Station Boston
Abandoned Subway Station Boston
Published: 2017/03/08
Channel: Tones
Tremont Street Subway - Oldest in America
Tremont Street Subway - Oldest in America
Published: 2017/07/02
Channel: Autistic Foamer
Inside North Americas Oldest Subway Tunnel
Inside North Americas Oldest Subway Tunnel
Published: 2017/04/01
Channel: Tones
Boston "Green Line" train derails
Boston "Green Line" train derails
Published: 2014/04/10
Channel: TomoNews US
Angry Protesters Scuffled With Police On Tremont Street
Angry Protesters Scuffled With Police On Tremont Street
Published: 2017/08/19
Channel: CBS Boston
Foster Palmer
Foster Palmer's Boston Trolleys: "A" Green Line, Watertown to Subway Trolley
Published: 2017/07/29
Channel: TheMBTADog [Real]
Tremont Street, Boston with lots and lots of snow
Tremont Street, Boston with lots and lots of snow
Published: 2015/01/27
Channel: Martijn van Berkum
Boston Subway Ride to Arlington (Green Line)
Boston Subway Ride to Arlington (Green Line)
Published: 2012/09/07
Channel: John Thornton
What Is The Oldest Subway System In The US?
What Is The Oldest Subway System In The US?
Published: 2017/07/21
Channel: blue sparky
Which City Had The First Subway System?
Which City Had The First Subway System?
Published: 2017/07/21
Channel: blue sparky
The Park Street Subway Station
The Park Street Subway Station
Published: 2016/07/03
Channel: Matt Tb
Diamantstadt Minecraft [Line 4 - 69th St - Arlington Line] Red Line Subway
Diamantstadt Minecraft [Line 4 - 69th St - Arlington Line] Red Line Subway
Published: 2017/07/17
Channel: Fighter Fox // MCFighter17
Boston Trolleybuses
Boston Trolleybuses
Published: 2009/08/20
Channel: Public Transport Worldwide
Light Rail (Green Line) in Boston
Light Rail (Green Line) in Boston
Published: 2010/10/19
Channel: timosha21
MBTA   Boston subway observations September 2016
MBTA Boston subway observations September 2016
Published: 2016/09/18
Channel: 7 Densha Master
Video of 151 Tremont Street #22E | Boston, Massachusetts real estate & homes
Video of 151 Tremont Street #22E | Boston, Massachusetts real estate & homes
Published: 2015/02/17
Channel: Nashua Video Tours | Real Estate Video & Photography
Tremont Street
Tremont Street
Published: 2013/05/07
Channel: Amanda Massart
Boston Light Rail in HD
Boston Light Rail in HD
Published: 2011/01/22
Channel: timosha21
Light Rail Green Line Boston, USA
Light Rail Green Line Boston, USA
Published: 2012/02/10
Channel: timosha21
When Was The First American Subway Built?
When Was The First American Subway Built?
Published: 2017/07/21
Channel: blue sparky
Tremont Street Boston
Tremont Street Boston
Published: 2011/07/31
Channel: Buddy Love
30 Minutes of the Light Rail line in Boston (MBTA)
30 Minutes of the Light Rail line in Boston (MBTA)
Published: 2013/02/24
Channel: timosha21
MBTA Subways: Boston Subway System Tour with Red, Green, Blue, and Orange Lines
MBTA Subways: Boston Subway System Tour with Red, Green, Blue, and Orange Lines
Published: 2016/08/06
Channel: alex wood
The Boston Lightrail Green Line (including at night)
The Boston Lightrail Green Line (including at night)
Published: 2010/04/16
Channel: timosha21
Boston
Boston's Light Rail System in HD
Published: 2011/02/19
Channel: timosha21
MBTA Subway: Heath St bound Type 7/Type 8 Green Line E Train leaving Park St
MBTA Subway: Heath St bound Type 7/Type 8 Green Line E Train leaving Park St
Published: 2017/08/19
Channel: Greg Huang
TheMBTADog: MBTA E Green Line Ride - Symphony to Lechmere [Type 7 Kinki Sharyo 3607]
TheMBTADog: MBTA E Green Line Ride - Symphony to Lechmere [Type 7 Kinki Sharyo 3607]
Published: 2015/12/12
Channel: TheMBTADog [Real]
^MuniNYC - East 182nd Street & Grand Concourse (Tremont, Bronx 10458)
^MuniNYC - East 182nd Street & Grand Concourse (Tremont, Bronx 10458)
Published: 2012/12/31
Channel: munimeter
Ghost Stations -  Disused Subway Stations in Interborough Rapid Transit, Third Avenue, New York
Ghost Stations - Disused Subway Stations in Interborough Rapid Transit, Third Avenue, New York
Published: 2016/02/04
Channel: KnownUnknowns
Historic
Historic 'Scollay Under' sign discovered by MBTA crews renovating subway station
Published: 2014/04/07
Channel: WCVB Channel 5 Boston
MBTA: At Park Street station
MBTA: At Park Street station
Published: 2009/08/23
Channel: Moepabc
MTA
MTA's Best Looking Subway Stations in New York City Updated List
Published: 2015/11/28
Channel: Steven Francis
Boston Light Rail - Green Line
Boston Light Rail - Green Line
Published: 2012/02/10
Channel: timosha21
Riding Boston Subway - MBTA redline - Harvard Square/Kendall Square/Charles MGH
Riding Boston Subway - MBTA redline - Harvard Square/Kendall Square/Charles MGH
Published: 2013/03/14
Channel: Cara Institute of Advanced Hypnosis
MBTA (Boston): GREEN Line - B, C, D, and E branches (Light Rail) - OUTBOUND... FULL RIDE!
MBTA (Boston): GREEN Line - B, C, D, and E branches (Light Rail) - OUTBOUND... FULL RIDE!
Published: 2015/06/21
Channel: MJofLakeland1
Boston Light
Boston Light
Published: 2013/09/29
Channel: Peter McClintock
MTA New York City Subway: A Tour Of The 59th Street-Columbus Circle Station
MTA New York City Subway: A Tour Of The 59th Street-Columbus Circle Station
Published: 2016/03/25
Channel: Railfanner Tyler
Boston Light Rail (tram) in the Snow and at Heath Street
Boston Light Rail (tram) in the Snow and at Heath Street
Published: 2012/02/10
Channel: timosha21
Quick Tour of Boston
Quick Tour of Boston's MBTA Subway System
Published: 2016/08/31
Channel: TheMikeTransit
MBTA Subway trains
MBTA Subway trains
Published: 2016/09/09
Channel: Train Railfanner
Light Rail/Tram in Boston HD
Light Rail/Tram in Boston HD
Published: 2010/06/22
Channel: timosha21
Trolleybuses of Boston (Trackless Trolley of the MBTA)
Trolleybuses of Boston (Trackless Trolley of the MBTA)
Published: 2013/02/25
Channel: timosha21
TheMBTADog: MBTA Blue Line Ride - State Street to Wonderland (2015-04-23)
TheMBTADog: MBTA Blue Line Ride - State Street to Wonderland (2015-04-23)
Published: 2015/11/22
Channel: TheMBTADog [Real]
Trolleybuses (Trackless Trolleys) in Boston, USA - winter
Trolleybuses (Trackless Trolleys) in Boston, USA - winter
Published: 2012/02/10
Channel: timosha21
IRT Subway Line: R142 (2)(5) Trains @ West Farms Square-East Tremont Avenue
IRT Subway Line: R142 (2)(5) Trains @ West Farms Square-East Tremont Avenue
Published: 2015/07/23
Channel: Railfanner Tyler
MBTA:  Reali-T - Abandoned entrances of Essex Station (Chinatown)
MBTA: Reali-T - Abandoned entrances of Essex Station (Chinatown)
Published: 2011/09/05
Channel: massavemedia
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Tremont Street Subway
Pleasant Street Incline junction.jpg
A flying junction on the now-abandoned southern branch of the Tremont Street Subway, south of Boylston station, approaching the Pleasant Street Incline (1898 photo)
Tremont Street Subway is located in Boston
Tremont Street Subway
Tremont Street Subway is located in Massachusetts
Tremont Street Subway
Tremont Street Subway is located in the US
Tremont Street Subway
Location Boston, Massachusetts
Coordinates 42°21′23″N 71°3′47″W / 42.35639°N 71.06306°W / 42.35639; -71.06306Coordinates: 42°21′23″N 71°3′47″W / 42.35639°N 71.06306°W / 42.35639; -71.06306
Built 1897
Architect Carsen, Howard A.
Architectural style Classical Revival
NRHP reference # 66000788[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP October 15, 1966; 50 years ago (1966-10-15)
Designated NHL January 29, 1964; 53 years ago (1964-01-29)
A map showing the extent of the Tremont Street Subway over time.

The Tremont Street Subway in Boston's MBTA Subway system is the oldest subway tunnel in North America and the third oldest worldwide to exclusively use electric traction (after the City and South London Railway in 1890, and the Budapest Metro's Line 1 in 1896), opening on September 1, 1897.[2][3] It was originally built to get streetcar lines off the traffic-clogged streets, instead of as a true rapid transit line. It now forms the central part of the Green Line, connecting Boylston Street to Park Street and Government Center stations.

The tunnel originally served five closely spaced stations: Boylston, Park Street, Scollay Square, Adams Square, and Haymarket, with branches to the Public Garden Portal and Pleasant Street Incline south of Boylston. Park Street, Scollay Square, and Haymarket stations were altered over the next two decades as transfers were added to the Cambridge-Dorchester Subway, East Boston Tunnel, and Main Line Elevated (now part of the Red, Blue, and Orange Lines, respectively). In 1962, the southern portal at Pleasant Street was closed; the following year, the northern half of the tunnel was substantially altered when Government Center and a new Boston City Hall replaced Scollay Square and Adams Square. The northbound tunnel to Haymarket station was rerouted; the southbound tunnel is still original. Scollay Square station was rebuilt as Government Center, and Adams Square station was closed.[4] In 1971, the original Haymarket station was replaced with a new station just to the south.[4]

Disused southern tunnel branch[edit]

The now-unused southern portion of the Tremont Street Subway, looking north towards Boylston.

The subway in 1897 consisted of a main line under Tremont Street that terminated at Park Street, and two forks to the south. One fork has remained the extant part of the line, which veered westward along Boylston Street, toward the main-line Arlington station, as well as towards Back Bay. The other fork continued south under Tremont Street to the Pleasant Street Incline (the tunnel to which is depicted in the top right photo). This portal was used by streetcars that went southwest to Egleston via the South End, along Tremont Street (route 43), or southeast to City Point in South Boston via Broadway (route 9). Streetcar service through the southern portal ended in 1961; for the last several months, service consisted of a shuttle between the portal and Boylston station. The tunnel still exists, dead-ended at the now-buried portal, which has been converted to a public park.

Portals[edit]

The three original tunnel entrances were in the Boston Public Garden, at North Station/Canal Street, and at Pleasant Street. Over time, these portals were replaced and abandoned as the subway was extended. Vestiges of various closed portals are still visible inside the tunnel extending west of Boylston station towards Kenmore Square station.

The western Public Garden portal was replaced in 1914 with two portals, one in the middle of Boylston Street adjacent to the old portal, and the other at the west end of the Boylston Street Subway, just east of Kenmore Square. The Boylston Street portal was sealed in 1941 when the Huntington Avenue Subway was opened (with a new portal at Northeastern University). The portal at Kenmore Square was replaced in 1932 when the subway was extended west beyond the Square, to the existing portals on Commonwealth Avenue (the "B" branch) and Beacon Street (the "C" branch), although the top arch of the original portal survives as part of a ventilation shaft. The Fenway portal for the "D" branch was opened in 1959.

The northern portal at Canal Street was replaced in 2004 when the subway was extended beneath North Station to a new portal next to Martha Road.

The southern portal at Pleasant Street was abandoned in 1962 following the end of streetcar service through the South End. The portal has since been sealed up and covered by Elliot Norton Park, but the dead-ended tunnel to Boylston survives underground.

Power[edit]

The subway uses trolleys powered by electricity from overhead lines, which had been made possible by the invention of the trolley pole in 1880 by Frank J. Sprague.[5] The line has been pantograph-only since the trolley wires were modified in the 1990s.[citation needed]

Landmark status and ownership[edit]

The Tremont Street Subway was designated a National Historic Landmark in recognition for its pioneering role in the development of the subway as a public transit system in the United States. The landmark designation encompasses the still-extant portions of the early tunnel, roughly from Court Street to Charles Street, and includes the original Classical Revival head houses of the Park and Boylston stations which are still in use.[6]

The original owner of the Tremont Street Subway was the private West End Street Railway, later the Boston Elevated Railway. Public ownership began in 1947 with the Metropolitan Transit Authority, now the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ The Boston Daily Globe, "First Car off the Earth: Allston Electric Goes into the subway on schedule time.", The Boston Daily Globe, September 1, 1897. Experiences of the first Subway Riders in Boston.
  3. ^ Most, Doug (26 January 2014). "The bigger dig". Boston Globe. Retrieved 22 January 2016. 
  4. ^ a b Belcher, Jonathan (26 December 2015). "Changes to Transit Service in the MBTA district 1964-2015" (PDF). NETransit. Retrieved 22 January 2016. 
  5. ^ "Boston Transit Milestones", MIT course, 2002 (archived 2007)
  6. ^ "NHL nomination for Tremont Street Subway" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved 2014-06-06. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

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