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What is TRUTH-CONDITIONAL SEMANTICS? What does TRUTH-CONDITIONAL SEMANTICS mean?
What is TRUTH-CONDITIONAL SEMANTICS? What does TRUTH-CONDITIONAL SEMANTICS mean?
Published: 2017/04/27
Channel: The Audiopedia
What Makes a Sentence True or False? Predicate Logic
What Makes a Sentence True or False? Predicate Logic
Published: 2015/10/07
Channel: The Ling Space
SEM120 - Sentence Semantics
SEM120 - Sentence Semantics
Published: 2013/04/05
Channel: The Virtual Linguistics Campus
What is TRUTH CONDITION? What does TRUTH CONDITION mean? TRUTH CONDITION meaning & explanation
What is TRUTH CONDITION? What does TRUTH CONDITION mean? TRUTH CONDITION meaning & explanation
Published: 2016/11/15
Channel: The Audiopedia
Tarski
Tarski's semantic theory of truth
Published: 2012/03/27
Channel: Frege100
Alfred Tarski
Alfred Tarski's Convention T (Theories of Truth)
Published: 2015/11/29
Channel: Carneades.org
truth and meaning essays in semantics
truth and meaning essays in semantics
Published: 2016/11/24
Channel: Геннадий Васнецов
Truth Table
Truth Table
Published: 2011/05/31
Channel: easymathk12
What is INFERENTIAL ROLE SEMANTICS? What does INFERENTIAL ROLE SEMANTICS mean?
What is INFERENTIAL ROLE SEMANTICS? What does INFERENTIAL ROLE SEMANTICS mean?
Published: 2017/04/15
Channel: The Audiopedia
Game semantics
Game semantics
Published: 2016/01/22
Channel: WikiAudio
Truth condition
Truth condition
Published: 2016/09/19
Channel: Wikivoicemedia
Propositional Logic: Semantics, Part 1
Propositional Logic: Semantics, Part 1
Published: 2015/06/04
Channel: David Agler
What is MENTAL SPACE? What does MENTAL SPACE mean? MENTAL SPACE meaning & explanation
What is MENTAL SPACE? What does MENTAL SPACE mean? MENTAL SPACE meaning & explanation
Published: 2017/06/07
Channel: The Audiopedia
01  Testing truth conditions with the if keyword
01 Testing truth conditions with the if keyword
Published: 2014/10/07
Channel: Dara Penhchet
QRMS - Conditional & Circuits
QRMS - Conditional & Circuits
Published: 2015/11/09
Channel: DrCraigMcBridePhD
PHILOSOPHY - Language: Conventional Implicature [HD]
PHILOSOPHY - Language: Conventional Implicature [HD]
Published: 2013/05/28
Channel: Wireless Philosophy
[Mathematical Linguistics] Tautologies, Contradictions, and Contingencies
[Mathematical Linguistics] Tautologies, Contradictions, and Contingencies
Published: 2016/05/20
Channel: TheTrevTutor
MGF 2106 SECTION 3.4  CONDITIONAL TRUTH TABLESPART 3
MGF 2106 SECTION 3.4 CONDITIONAL TRUTH TABLESPART 3
Published: 2016/07/05
Channel: Macmathematics
Douglas Patterson - Theory and Concept in Tarski
Douglas Patterson - Theory and Concept in Tarski's Philosophy of Language
Published: 2016/05/18
Channel: just_Cire
Propositional Logic 4: Implication and Equivalence
Propositional Logic 4: Implication and Equivalence
Published: 2014/02/17
Channel: Math Hysteria
OLD -- Chapter 3, Video 2: Truth Table Tests for Semantic Properties
OLD -- Chapter 3, Video 2: Truth Table Tests for Semantic Properties
Published: 2014/05/12
Channel: Formal Logic
Truth Table Tutorial - Discrete Mathematics Logic
Truth Table Tutorial - Discrete Mathematics Logic
Published: 2014/03/26
Channel: Emily Jane
Donald Davidson- Coherence Theory of Truth and Knowledge
Donald Davidson- Coherence Theory of Truth and Knowledge
Published: 2015/08/26
Channel: BlueSpectacles
Semantics - Games
Semantics - Games
Published: 2016/02/13
Channel: Semantics
Semantics game
Semantics game
Published: 2014/03/20
Channel: Amber Harris
Part 1: Symbolic Logic (The basics, letters, operators, connectives)
Part 1: Symbolic Logic (The basics, letters, operators, connectives)
Published: 2013/04/07
Channel: teachphilosophy
An introduction to denotational semantics
An introduction to denotational semantics
Published: 2017/03/26
Channel: Ralf Laemmel
[Mathematical Linguistics] Compositional Semantics with Predicate Logic
[Mathematical Linguistics] Compositional Semantics with Predicate Logic
Published: 2016/06/03
Channel: TheTrevTutor
Understanding & Inference
Understanding & Inference
Published: 2013/12/19
Channel: Philosophical Overdose
introduction to Propositional Logic Connectives
introduction to Propositional Logic Connectives
Published: 2015/03/25
Channel: Mick Presnell
Demystifying Semantics: Practical Utilization of Semantic Technologies for Real World Applications
Demystifying Semantics: Practical Utilization of Semantic Technologies for Real World Applications
Published: 2017/01/18
Channel: OSTHUS Group
[Mathematical Linguistics] Quantifier Raising and Logical Form
[Mathematical Linguistics] Quantifier Raising and Logical Form
Published: 2016/06/01
Channel: TheTrevTutor
Speaker meaning vs. Sentence meaning
Speaker meaning vs. Sentence meaning
Published: 2014/07/03
Channel: Nada J
Dummett Philosophy of Language
Dummett Philosophy of Language
Published: 2016/04/04
Channel: Terry Hall
What does formal semantics mean?
What does formal semantics mean?
Published: 2015/03/29
Channel: What Does That Mean?
Linguistic Micro-Lectures: Implication (Logic)
Linguistic Micro-Lectures: Implication (Logic)
Published: 2014/09/10
Channel: The Virtual Linguistics Campus
9. Logic Lecture: Symbolic Logic 7: Truth Trees
9. Logic Lecture: Symbolic Logic 7: Truth Trees
Published: 2010/01/19
Channel: drjasonjcampbell
What is COGNITIVE LINGUISTICS? What does COGNITIVE LINGUISTICS mean?
What is COGNITIVE LINGUISTICS? What does COGNITIVE LINGUISTICS mean?
Published: 2016/06/27
Channel: The Audiopedia
Semantic Segmentation using Adversarial Networks, NIPS 2016 | Pauline Luc, Facebook AI Research
Semantic Segmentation using Adversarial Networks, NIPS 2016 | Pauline Luc, Facebook AI Research
Published: 2017/08/30
Channel: Preserve Knowledge
What is RELEVANCE LOGIC? What does RELEVANCE LOGIC mean? RELEVANCE LOGIC meaning & explanation
What is RELEVANCE LOGIC? What does RELEVANCE LOGIC mean? RELEVANCE LOGIC meaning & explanation
Published: 2016/10/24
Channel: The Audiopedia
M2 Lec 1 - Propositional Logic: Language, Semantics and Reasoning
M2 Lec 1 - Propositional Logic: Language, Semantics and Reasoning
Published: 2016/01/12
Channel: Artificial Intelligence
What is Vacuous Truth?
What is Vacuous Truth?
Published: 2015/10/25
Channel: Carneades.org
Anti-Realism Definition | Definition & Meaning of Anti-Realism (Audio Book)
Anti-Realism Definition | Definition & Meaning of Anti-Realism (Audio Book)
Published: 2017/01/15
Channel: Free Audio Books
OLD -- Chapter 3, Video 3: Truth Trees
OLD -- Chapter 3, Video 3: Truth Trees
Published: 2014/05/27
Channel: Formal Logic
LO35: Semantic Trees in Predicate Logic, cont.
LO35: Semantic Trees in Predicate Logic, cont.
Published: 2013/01/01
Channel: myweps2012
Alternative truth functional symbols mp4   YouTube
Alternative truth functional symbols mp4 YouTube
Published: 2011/09/06
Channel: Tom Caswell
Truth Value
Truth Value
Published: 2012/09/28
Channel: MathMeij
Symbolizing Truth-functional Sentences-6_HD.mp4 - YouTube(1).mp4
Symbolizing Truth-functional Sentences-6_HD.mp4 - YouTube(1).mp4
Published: 2011/09/06
Channel: Tom Caswell
What Is The Cognitive Linguistics?
What Is The Cognitive Linguistics?
Published: 2017/09/27
Channel: Another Question II
Logic & Language - quantifiers & bound variables (Logic 3 of 5)
Logic & Language - quantifiers & bound variables (Logic 3 of 5)
Published: 2011/09/02
Channel: NativLang
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Truth-conditional semantics is an approach to semantics of natural language that sees meaning (or at least the meaning of assertions) as being the same as, or reducible to, their truth conditions. This approach to semantics is principally associated with Donald Davidson, and attempts to carry out for the semantics of natural language what Tarski's semantic theory of truth achieves for the semantics of logic (Davidson 1967).

Truth-conditional theories of semantics attempt to define the meaning of a given proposition by explaining when the sentence is true. So, for example, because 'snow is white' is true if and only if snow is white, the meaning of 'snow is white' is snow is white.

History[edit]

The first truth-conditional semantics was developed by Donald Davidson in Truth and Meaning (1967). It applied Tarski's semantic theory of truth to a problem it was not intended to solve, that of giving the meaning of a sentence.

Criticism[edit]

Refutation from necessary truths[edit]

Scott Soames has harshly criticized truth-conditional semantics on the grounds that it is either wrong or uselessly circular.

Under its traditional formulation, truth-conditional semantics gives every necessary truth precisely the same meaning, for all of them are true under precisely the same conditions (namely, all of them). And since the truth conditions of any unnecessarily true sentence are equivalent to the conjunction of those truth conditions and any necessary truth, any sentence means the same as its meaning plus a necessary truth. For example, if "snow is white" is true iff snow is white, then it is trivially the case that "snow is white" is true if snow is white and 2+2=4, therefore under truth-conditional semantics "snow is white" means both that snow is white and that 2+2=4. That is wrong. Of course, it is not the case, trivially or otherwise, that such a consequence follows.

Soames argues further that reformulations that attempt to account for this problem must beg the question. In specifying precisely which of the infinite number of truth-conditions for a sentence will count towards its meaning, one must take the meaning of the sentence as a guide. However, we wanted to specify meaning with truth-conditions, whereas now we are specifying truth-conditions with meaning, rendering the entire process fruitless.[1]

Refutation from deficiency[edit]

Michael Dummett (1975) has objected to Davidson's program on the grounds that such a theory of meaning will not explain what it is a speaker has to know in order for them to understand a sentence. Dummett believes a speaker must know three components of a sentence to understand its meaning: a theory of sense, indicating the part of the meaning that the speaker grasps; a theory of reference, which indicates what claims about the world are made by the sentence, and a theory of force, which indicates what kind of speech act the expression performs. Dummett further argues that a theory based on inference, such as Proof-theoretic semantics, provides a better foundation for this model than truth-conditional semantics does.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Soames, Scott. "Truth, Meaning and Understanding." Philosophical Studies 65(1-2):17-35.
  • D. Davidson (1967). ‘Truth and Meaning’. Synthese, 17:304-323.
  • M.A.E. Dummett (1975). ‘What is a Theory of Meaning’. In S. Guttenplan (ed.), Mind and Language, CUP. Reprinted in Dummett, The Seas of Language, OUP, 1993.

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