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What is TRUTH-CONDITIONAL SEMANTICS? What does TRUTH-CONDITIONAL SEMANTICS mean?
What is TRUTH-CONDITIONAL SEMANTICS? What does TRUTH-CONDITIONAL SEMANTICS mean?
Published: 2017/04/27
Channel: The Audiopedia
What Makes a Sentence True or False? Predicate Logic
What Makes a Sentence True or False? Predicate Logic
Published: 2015/10/07
Channel: The Ling Space
SEM120 - Sentence Semantics
SEM120 - Sentence Semantics
Published: 2013/04/05
Channel: The Virtual Linguistics Campus
Tarski
Tarski's semantic theory of truth
Published: 2012/03/27
Channel: Frege100
What is TRUTH CONDITION? What does TRUTH CONDITION mean? TRUTH CONDITION meaning & explanation
What is TRUTH CONDITION? What does TRUTH CONDITION mean? TRUTH CONDITION meaning & explanation
Published: 2016/11/15
Channel: The Audiopedia
What is a Good Argument?: The Truth Condition
What is a Good Argument?: The Truth Condition
Published: 2013/01/31
Channel: Kevin deLaplante
truth and meaning essays in semantics
truth and meaning essays in semantics
Published: 2016/11/24
Channel: Геннадий Васнецов
Truth Table
Truth Table
Published: 2011/05/31
Channel: easymathk12
Semantic vs Pragmatic Justifications Pt 1
Semantic vs Pragmatic Justifications Pt 1
Published: 2015/08/14
Channel: Debatedrills
What is INFERENTIAL ROLE SEMANTICS? What does INFERENTIAL ROLE SEMANTICS mean?
What is INFERENTIAL ROLE SEMANTICS? What does INFERENTIAL ROLE SEMANTICS mean?
Published: 2017/04/15
Channel: The Audiopedia
PHILOSOPHY - Language: Conventional Implicature [HD]
PHILOSOPHY - Language: Conventional Implicature [HD]
Published: 2013/05/28
Channel: Wireless Philosophy
Game semantics
Game semantics
Published: 2016/01/22
Channel: WikiAudio
[Mathematical Linguistics] Tautologies, Contradictions, and Contingencies
[Mathematical Linguistics] Tautologies, Contradictions, and Contingencies
Published: 2016/05/20
Channel: TheTrevTutor
Propositional Logic: Semantics, Part 1
Propositional Logic: Semantics, Part 1
Published: 2015/06/04
Channel: David Agler
Lecture: Unit 9 Predicate Logic Semantics Part I
Lecture: Unit 9 Predicate Logic Semantics Part I
Published: 2016/11/25
Channel: Alex Koo
OLD -- Chapter 3, Video 2: Truth Table Tests for Semantic Properties
OLD -- Chapter 3, Video 2: Truth Table Tests for Semantic Properties
Published: 2014/05/12
Channel: Formal Logic
Semantics game
Semantics game
Published: 2014/03/20
Channel: Amber Harris
Truth condition
Truth condition
Published: 2016/09/19
Channel: Wikivoicemedia
5   4   Lecture 4 4   Truth Functional Connectives Disjunction 1858
5 4 Lecture 4 4 Truth Functional Connectives Disjunction 1858
Published: 2013/02/14
Channel: marce yoga
Truth Tables and Logical Connectives
Truth Tables and Logical Connectives
Published: 2014/09/22
Channel: patrickJMT
Truth Table Tutorial - Discrete Mathematics Logic
Truth Table Tutorial - Discrete Mathematics Logic
Published: 2014/03/26
Channel: Emily Jane
Donald Davidson Meaning, Truth, Language, and Reality
Donald Davidson Meaning, Truth, Language, and Reality
Published: 2017/07/25
Channel: rizal soda
MGF 2106 SECTION 3.4  CONDITIONAL TRUTH TABLESPART 3
MGF 2106 SECTION 3.4 CONDITIONAL TRUTH TABLESPART 3
Published: 2016/07/05
Channel: Macmathematics
Donald Davidson- Coherence Theory of Truth and Knowledge
Donald Davidson- Coherence Theory of Truth and Knowledge
Published: 2015/08/26
Channel: BlueSpectacles
Truth Table Definitions and Decomposition Rules for Truth Trees - Broadband
Truth Table Definitions and Decomposition Rules for Truth Trees - Broadband
Published: 2014/02/17
Channel: Mark D Fisher
Understanding & Inference
Understanding & Inference
Published: 2013/12/19
Channel: Philosophy Overdose
9. Logic Lecture: Symbolic Logic 7: Truth Trees
9. Logic Lecture: Symbolic Logic 7: Truth Trees
Published: 2010/01/19
Channel: drjasonjcampbell
Part 1: Symbolic Logic (The basics, letters, operators, connectives)
Part 1: Symbolic Logic (The basics, letters, operators, connectives)
Published: 2013/04/07
Channel: teachphilosophy
Speaker meaning vs. Sentence meaning
Speaker meaning vs. Sentence meaning
Published: 2014/07/03
Channel: Nada J
The
The 'Fitting Problem' for Logical Semantic Systems
Published: 2013/10/05
Channel: Philosophy Overdose
Logic & Language - quantifiers & bound variables (Logic 3 of 5)
Logic & Language - quantifiers & bound variables (Logic 3 of 5)
Published: 2011/09/02
Channel: NativLang
What is MENTAL SPACE? What does MENTAL SPACE mean? MENTAL SPACE meaning & explanation
What is MENTAL SPACE? What does MENTAL SPACE mean? MENTAL SPACE meaning & explanation
Published: 2017/06/07
Channel: The Audiopedia
Example Problem Demo: Unit 2 Full Truth Tables
Example Problem Demo: Unit 2 Full Truth Tables
Published: 2016/01/26
Channel: Alex Koo
What is COGNITIVE LINGUISTICS? What does COGNITIVE LINGUISTICS mean?
What is COGNITIVE LINGUISTICS? What does COGNITIVE LINGUISTICS mean?
Published: 2016/06/27
Channel: The Audiopedia
Semantic Segmentation using Adversarial Networks, NIPS 2016 | Pauline Luc, Facebook AI Research
Semantic Segmentation using Adversarial Networks, NIPS 2016 | Pauline Luc, Facebook AI Research
Published: 2017/08/30
Channel: Preserve Knowledge
What Is A Sentence For Prospect?
What Is A Sentence For Prospect?
Published: 2017/12/03
Channel: Amari Simon
What Is A Sentence For Prospect?
What Is A Sentence For Prospect?
Published: 2017/12/03
Channel: Amari Simon
Philosophy 2020 (001): Basic Logic. Youtube Lecture 4 - Truth Functional Properties and Consistency
Philosophy 2020 (001): Basic Logic. Youtube Lecture 4 - Truth Functional Properties and Consistency
Published: 2011/11/17
Channel: Philosophy2020UWO
Presuppositions and two kinds of negation, Marie Duzi
Presuppositions and two kinds of negation, Marie Duzi
Published: 2017/08/07
Channel: Copernicus Center for Interdisciplinary Studies
Venn Diagrams and Testing Validity
Venn Diagrams and Testing Validity
Published: 2014/11/12
Channel: Mick Presnell
Donald Davidson (philosopher)
Donald Davidson (philosopher)
Published: 2018/01/09
Channel: FrogCast
1.3 Semantic validity
1.3 Semantic validity
Published: 2013/06/13
Channel: Chico Jones
Truth trees for propositional logic 1
Truth trees for propositional logic 1
Published: 2013/01/19
Channel: Kane B
Modal logic 1.5 - logical consequence in K
Modal logic 1.5 - logical consequence in K
Published: 2013/02/07
Channel: Kane B
LO35: Semantic Trees in Predicate Logic, cont.
LO35: Semantic Trees in Predicate Logic, cont.
Published: 2013/01/01
Channel: myweps2012
What Is The Cognitive Linguistics?
What Is The Cognitive Linguistics?
Published: 2017/09/27
Channel: Another Question II
Vladimir Lifschitz "What answer set solvers tell us about the semantics of logic programs"
Vladimir Lifschitz "What answer set solvers tell us about the semantics of logic programs"
Published: 2012/11/21
Channel: Yegor Bryukhov
Logic, 17 - Chap 4, Truth Trees
Logic, 17 - Chap 4, Truth Trees
Published: 2007/09/02
Channel: Brandon Cropper
OLD -- Chapter 3, Video 3: Truth Trees
OLD -- Chapter 3, Video 3: Truth Trees
Published: 2014/05/27
Channel: Formal Logic
Symbolizing Truth-functional Sentences-2_HD.mp4 - YouTube.mp4
Symbolizing Truth-functional Sentences-2_HD.mp4 - YouTube.mp4
Published: 2011/09/06
Channel: Tom Caswell
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Truth-conditional semantics is an approach to semantics of natural language that sees meaning (or at least the meaning of assertions) as being the same as, or reducible to, their truth conditions. This approach to semantics is principally associated with Donald Davidson, and attempts to carry out for the semantics of natural language what Tarski's semantic theory of truth achieves for the semantics of logic (Davidson 1967).

Truth-conditional theories of semantics attempt to define the meaning of a given proposition by explaining when the sentence is true. So, for example, because 'snow is white' is true if and only if snow is white, the meaning of 'snow is white' is snow is white.

History[edit]

The first truth-conditional semantics was developed by Donald Davidson in Truth and Meaning (1967). It applied Tarski's semantic theory of truth to a problem it was not intended to solve, that of giving the meaning of a sentence.

Criticism[edit]

Refutation from necessary truths[edit]

Scott Soames has harshly criticized truth-conditional semantics on the grounds that it is either wrong or uselessly circular.

Under its traditional formulation, truth-conditional semantics gives every necessary truth precisely the same meaning, for all of them are true under precisely the same conditions (namely, all of them). And since the truth conditions of any unnecessarily true sentence are equivalent to the conjunction of those truth conditions and any necessary truth, any sentence means the same as its meaning plus a necessary truth. For example, if "snow is white" is true iff snow is white, then it is trivially the case that "snow is white" is true if snow is white and 2+2=4, therefore under truth-conditional semantics "snow is white" means both that snow is white and that 2+2=4. That is wrong. Of course, it is not the case, trivially or otherwise, that such a consequence follows.

Soames argues further that reformulations that attempt to account for this problem must beg the question. In specifying precisely which of the infinite number of truth-conditions for a sentence will count towards its meaning, one must take the meaning of the sentence as a guide. However, we wanted to specify meaning with truth-conditions, whereas now we are specifying truth-conditions with meaning, rendering the entire process fruitless.[1]

Refutation from deficiency[edit]

Michael Dummett (1975) has objected to Davidson's program on the grounds that such a theory of meaning will not explain what it is a speaker has to know in order for them to understand a sentence. Dummett believes a speaker must know three components of a sentence to understand its meaning: a theory of sense, indicating the part of the meaning that the speaker grasps; a theory of reference, which indicates what claims about the world are made by the sentence, and a theory of force, which indicates what kind of speech act the expression performs. Dummett further argues that a theory based on inference, such as Proof-theoretic semantics, provides a better foundation for this model than truth-conditional semantics does.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Soames, Scott. "Truth, Meaning and Understanding." Philosophical Studies 65(1-2):17-35.
  • D. Davidson (1967). ‘Truth and Meaning’. Synthese, 17:304-323.
  • M.A.E. Dummett (1975). ‘What is a Theory of Meaning’. In S. Guttenplan (ed.), Mind and Language, CUP. Reprinted in Dummett, The Seas of Language, OUP, 1993.

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