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Sailing the Tuamotus and Society Islands - MY Gattopardo
Sailing the Tuamotus and Society Islands - MY Gattopardo
Published: 2015/09/27
Channel: Jez Jones
Tuamotus
Tuamotus
Published: 2015/07/04
Channel: Francesca Whetter
A Taste of the Tuamotus
A Taste of the Tuamotus
Published: 2015/06/16
Channel: Team Giddyup
Private island for sale in Manihi - Tuamotu
Private island for sale in Manihi - Tuamotu
Published: 2016/04/11
Channel: French Polynesia Sotheby's International Realty
[Patagonia Korea]폴리네시아에서 보낸 열흘(Ten Days in the Tuamotus)
[Patagonia Korea]폴리네시아에서 보낸 열흘(Ten Days in the Tuamotus)
Published: 2015/10/19
Channel: Patagonia Korea
Ten Tuamotus Days with Liz Clark
Ten Tuamotus Days with Liz Clark
Published: 2015/06/19
Channel: Patagonia
Tuamotus Fakarava diving Sharks Wall
Tuamotus Fakarava diving Sharks Wall
Published: 2014/01/23
Channel: IMMERSION
tuamotus 2016
tuamotus 2016
Published: 2016/10/01
Channel: Bertin Margot
Two Afloat Sailing, Ep 3 - Life and Death in the Tuamotus
Two Afloat Sailing, Ep 3 - Life and Death in the Tuamotus
Published: 2016/09/19
Channel: Two Afloat Sailing
Ten Tuamotus Days with Kimi Werner
Ten Tuamotus Days with Kimi Werner
Published: 2015/06/19
Channel: Patagonia
TUAMOTU ADVENTURES 2
TUAMOTU ADVENTURES 2
Published: 2012/06/13
Channel: hell ton john
Marquesas and Tuamotus
Marquesas and Tuamotus
Published: 2015/06/23
Channel: Justin Page
Dr. No explores Tuamotus
Dr. No explores Tuamotus
Published: 2014/05/12
Channel: David Woodley
Sailing/Cruising French Polynesia Pt. 8 -Trading For Pearls  In The Tuamotus
Sailing/Cruising French Polynesia Pt. 8 -Trading For Pearls In The Tuamotus
Published: 2015/03/29
Channel: Sailing Emerald Steel
Best Diving cruise through the Tuamotu Archipelago, French Polynesia
Best Diving cruise through the Tuamotu Archipelago, French Polynesia
Published: 2017/01/23
Channel: underwatercam
Haulout in Tuamotus
Haulout in Tuamotus
Published: 2013/09/02
Channel: Team Giddyup
Ten Tuamotus Days with Léa Brassy
Ten Tuamotus Days with Léa Brassy
Published: 2015/08/03
Channel: Patagonia
The Marquesas Islands and the Tuamotu Archipelago on board the Aranui and the Orava (Documentary)
The Marquesas Islands and the Tuamotu Archipelago on board the Aranui and the Orava (Documentary)
Published: 2013/10/27
Channel: Stop Over - Documentary, Discovery, History
Session pêche unique aux Tuamotus !
Session pêche unique aux Tuamotus !
Published: 2013/06/06
Channel: Moana Voyages
Tahiti Tuamotu atoll 2015
Tahiti Tuamotu atoll 2015
Published: 2015/09/03
Channel: THM c
Sailing/Cruising French Polynesia Pt. 9 - Tuamotus to Tahiti
Sailing/Cruising French Polynesia Pt. 9 - Tuamotus to Tahiti
Published: 2015/04/02
Channel: Sailing Emerald Steel
Rangiro, Tuamotus - FRENCH POLYNESIA
Rangiro, Tuamotus - FRENCH POLYNESIA
Published: 2012/10/13
Channel: Werner Kruse
Tuamotu Fishing Excursion
Tuamotu Fishing Excursion
Published: 2014/06/29
Channel: NinamuResort
Freedive Spearfishing the Sharky Tuamotus
Freedive Spearfishing the Sharky Tuamotus
Published: 2014/02/16
Channel: Freediving & Spearfishing
The Tuamotus!
The Tuamotus!
Published: 2014/10/17
Channel: Dennis Maggard
Tuamotus mit der Priscalina im Sommer 2014
Tuamotus mit der Priscalina im Sommer 2014
Published: 2014/12/06
Channel: Videos from Olaf Kaegi
Sailing/Cruising French Polynesia Pt. 7- The Marquesas to the Tuamotus
Sailing/Cruising French Polynesia Pt. 7- The Marquesas to the Tuamotus
Published: 2015/02/24
Channel: Sailing Emerald Steel
Ovive sailing in the tuamotus
Ovive sailing in the tuamotus
Published: 2008/09/25
Channel: ovive08
47.  Rangiroa, Tuamotus, French Polynesia
47. Rangiroa, Tuamotus, French Polynesia
Published: 2016/12/10
Channel: The Adventures of Prince Diamond
South Pacific Kiteboarding Dream: The Tuamotus
South Pacific Kiteboarding Dream: The Tuamotus
Published: 2013/09/30
Channel: Team Giddyup
Fakarava, Tuamotu Atoll - French Polynesia - South Pacific Island
Fakarava, Tuamotu Atoll - French Polynesia - South Pacific Island
Published: 2016/05/15
Channel: Destinations + Places
Kiteboarding in Rangiroa, Tuamotus
Kiteboarding in Rangiroa, Tuamotus
Published: 2013/09/03
Channel: Team Giddyup
10 days on a sailing catamaran in Tuamotus
10 days on a sailing catamaran in Tuamotus
Published: 2016/09/16
Channel: SAIL Tahiti
Part Three Akvavita Contessa 32  Sailing from the Tuamotus Archipelago to Tahiti and Bora Bora
Part Three Akvavita Contessa 32 Sailing from the Tuamotus Archipelago to Tahiti and Bora Bora
Published: 2010/06/15
Channel: Bob Owen
Marine Life in the Tuamotus Islands - Snorkeling with Sharks
Marine Life in the Tuamotus Islands - Snorkeling with Sharks
Published: 2013/06/23
Channel: On the Horizon Line Blog
Trip Tuamotus / Maupiti
Trip Tuamotus / Maupiti
Published: 2016/02/24
Channel: Pierre Amrouni
Somewhere In Tuamotus
Somewhere In Tuamotus
Published: 2015/08/29
Channel: Julien Fermon
South Pacific Sailing 2012 - Marquesas, Tuamotus & Society Islands
South Pacific Sailing 2012 - Marquesas, Tuamotus & Society Islands
Published: 2012/09/11
Channel: Valder Brekin
Sailing from the Tuamotus
Sailing from the Tuamotus
Published: 2016/05/11
Channel: Jim Henry
Rangiroa-Tuamotus
Rangiroa-Tuamotus
Published: 2017/06/26
Channel: Marco Moeschlin
Diving Rangiroa - Tuamotus, Tahiti, French Polynesia
Diving Rangiroa - Tuamotus, Tahiti, French Polynesia
Published: 2010/06/22
Channel: Werner Kruse
Une
Une 'géométrique' navigation à travers des îles inhabitées des Tuamotus
Published: 2015/11/16
Channel: guYomlamouche
The Dangerous Archipelago: Rising Waters, Tuamotus, French Polynesia - by Jon Bowermaster
The Dangerous Archipelago: Rising Waters, Tuamotus, French Polynesia - by Jon Bowermaster
Published: 2009/06/09
Channel: notesfromsealevel
Tahiti and Ahe, Tuamotus
Tahiti and Ahe, Tuamotus
Published: 2009/04/21
Channel: redbarn108
The Tuamotus and the atoll of Ahe
The Tuamotus and the atoll of Ahe
Published: 2009/06/05
Channel: MrMikeneitzel
Kiting in the Tuamotus
Kiting in the Tuamotus
Published: 2012/06/10
Channel: Team Giddyup
3 Las Tuamotus - Crónicas de un Tripulante
3 Las Tuamotus - Crónicas de un Tripulante
Published: 2012/03/15
Channel: sailing2003to2005
Kiting in the Tuamotus
Kiting in the Tuamotus
Published: 2012/06/10
Channel: Team Giddyup
Tuamotus Fakarava Shark Land
Tuamotus Fakarava Shark Land
Published: 2013/08/10
Channel: Benjamin Curry
Tahiti Tuamotus.mov
Tahiti Tuamotus.mov
Published: 2011/05/30
Channel: Rodo VINH TUNG
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Tuamotus
Native name: Tuamotu
Flag of the Tuamotu Islands.svg
Flag of the Tuamotu Islands
French Polynesia-CIA WFB Map.png
Geography
Location Pacific Ocean
Archipelago Polynesia
Total islands 78
Major islands Anaa, Fakarava, Hao, and Makemo
Area 850 km2 (330 sq mi)
Administration
France
Overseas collectivity French Polynesia
Demographics
Population 15,862 (2002)
Pop. density 18 /km2 (47 /sq mi)

The Tuamotus or the Tuamotu Archipelago (French: Îles Tuamotu, officially Archipel des Tuamotu) are a French Polynesian chain of almost 80 islands and atolls, stretching from the northwest to the southeast over an area of the southern Pacific Ocean roughly the size of Western Europe, with a land area of 850 square kilometres (328 square miles) and 16,000 inhabitants, forming the largest chain of atolls in the world. Its major islands are Anaa, Fakarava, Hao and Makemo.

The Tuamotu islands were initially settled by Polynesians, so Tuamotuans share a common culture and language. The people of Tahiti originally referred to the islands as the Paumotus, which means the "Subservient Islands", until a delegation from the island convinced the French authorities to change it to Tuamotus, which means the "Distant Islands".[citation needed]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Map of Tuamotus
Satellite image of Tuamotus

French Polynesia is a semi-autonomous island group designated as an overseas country of France. The Tuamotus combine with the Gambier Islands to form the Îles Tuamotu-Gambier which is one of the five administrative divisions of French Polynesia.

The Tuamotus are grouped into sixteen communes: Anaa; Arutua; Fakarava; Fangatau; Hao; Hikueru; Makemo; Manihi; Napuka; Nukutavake; Puka Puka; Rangiroa; Reao; Takaroa; Tatakoto; and Tureia.

Electoral divisions[edit]

Pearl farm in the Tuamotus

The communes on Tuamotu are part of two different electoral districts (circonscriptions électorales) represented in the Assembly of French Polynesia. The Îles Gambier et Tuamotu Est electoral district comprises the commune of Gambier and eleven communes in eastern Tuamotu: Anaa; Fangatau; Hao; Hikueru; Makemo; Napuka; Nukutavake; Pukapuka; Reao; Tatakoto; and Tureia. The other five communes in western Tuamotu – Arutua; Fakarava; Manihi; Rangiroa; and Takaroa – form the Îles Tuamotu Ouest electoral district .

Demography[edit]

Typical waterside view in the Tuamotus

At the 2007 census, the Tuamotus (including the Gambier Islands) had a population of 18,317 inhabitants (15,862 in 2002, 8,100 in 1983). Of these, 769 inhabitants live in a 215-nautical-mile (400 km; 250 mi) radius around Mururoa and Fangataufa, the sites of former French nuclear tests.

The common language spoken in the Tuamotus is Tuamotuan, except in Puka-Puka which uses the Marquesan language. The Gambier Islands use Mangarevan.

Economy[edit]

The islands' economy is predominantly composed of subsistence agriculture. The most important sources of additional income are the cultivation of black pearls and the preparation of copra. Tourism-related income remains meager, especially by comparison to the tourism industry of the neighboring Society Islands. A modest tourism infrastructure is found on the atolls of Rangiroa and Manihi which have recreational scuba diving and snorkeling destinations.

Geography[edit]

Despite the vast spread of the archipelago, it covers a total land area of only about 885 km2 (345 sq mi). The climate is warm tropical, without pronounced seasons. The annual average temperature is a relatively continuous 26 °C (79 °F). Water sources such as lakes or rivers are absent, leaving catchments of rain as the only source of fresh water . The annual average rainfall is 1400 mm (about 55 in). Rainfall is not markedly different throughout the year, although it is lowest during the months of September and November.

Geological stability of the archipelago is high, as it was created by the weakly active Easter Fracture Zone. No volcanic eruptions have been recorded historically.

Flora and fauna[edit]

Coconut palms, Takapoto

The sparse soil of the coral islands does not permit a diverse vegetation. The coconut palm, which forms the basis for copra production, is of special economic importance. On a few islands, vanilla is also cultivated. Agriculture is generally otherwise limited to simple subsistence. Fruit and vegetable staples include yams, taro, and breadfruit, as well as a wide range of other tropical fruits. Pandanus leaves are traditionally woven together as roof thatch (although nowadays there are a great number of corrugated sheet-metal roofs instead), as well as for other items, such as mats and hats.

The species-rich reefs are home to a diverse range of underwater fauna. Surface creatures are primarily seabirds, insects, and lizards. The Tuamotus have only 57 species of birds, but ten of these are endemic, including the Tuamotu kingfisher, the Tuamotu reed warbler, and the Tuamotu sandpiper. Thirteen species are globally threatened and one is extinct.[1]

Geology[edit]

All of the islands of the Tuamotus are coral "low islands": essentially high sand bars built upon coral reefs. Makatea, southwest of the Palliser Islands, is one of three great phosphate rocks in the Pacific Ocean. The others are Banaba in Kiribati, and the island nation of Nauru. Although geographically part of the Tuamotus, the Gambier Islands, at the southeastern extreme of the archipelago, are geologically and culturally distinct.

In the northwest of the archipelago, the ring-shaped atoll Taiaro provides a rare example of a coral reef with a fully enclosed lagoon. The atoll was officially designated as a UNESCO biosphere reserve in 1977.[2]

History[edit]

The early history of the Tuamotu islands is generally shrouded in mystery. Archaeological findings lead to the conclusion that the western Tuamotus were settled from the Society Islands by c. 700. On the islands of Rangiroa, Manihi and Mataiva, there are flat ceremonial platforms (called marae) made of coral blocks, although their exact age is unknown.

European encounters with the Tuamotus began with that of Portuguese sailor Ferdinand Magellan, during his circumglobal voyage in 1521 sailing in the service of the Spanish Crown. His visit was followed by:

None of these visits were of political consequence, as the islands were in the sphere of influence of the Pōmare Dynasty of Tahiti.

It was not until the beginning of the 19th century that the first Christian missionaries arrived. Traders took the islands' pearls to the European markets by the late 19th century, making them coveted possessions. France forced the abdication of King Pōmare V of Tahiti and claimed the islands without ever having formally annexed them.

Robert Louis Stevenson and Fanny Stevenson travelled among the Paumotus on the Yacht Casco in 1888; an account of their journey was published as In the South Seas.[3] Jack London wrote a story, "The Seed of McCoy", based on an incident in 1900 when a burning ship, the Pyrenees, was safely beached on Mangareva. In the story, London has the ship sail past Mangareva and all through the Tuamotus before beaching on Fakarava.[4]

The Tuamotus made headlines around the world in 1947, when Norwegian ethnographer Thor Heyerdahl, sailing from South America with a crew of five others, reached Raroia on his raft Kon-Tiki. More recently the islands have been the subject of headlines as the site of French nuclear weapons testing on the atolls of Moruroa and Fangataufa.

Island groups[edit]

The Tuamotu archipelago consists of eight groups of small islands and atolls:

Related island groups include:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Blanvillain, C; Florent, C & V. Thenot (2002) "Land birds of Tuamotu Archipelago, Polynesia: relative abundance and changes during the 20th century with particular reference to the critically endangered Polynesian ground-dove (Gallicolumba erythroptera)". Biological Conservation 103 (2): 139-149 doi:10.1016/S0006-3207(01)00112-4
  2. ^ "Biosphere Reserve Information". Unesco.com. 2008. Retrieved 11 November 2011. 
  3. ^ In the South Seas (1896) & (1900) Chatto & Windus; republished by The Hogarth Press (1987)
  4. ^ London, Jack (2006). Gary Riedl and Thomas R. Tietze, eds. Jack London's tales of cannibals and headhunters: nine South Seas stories by America's master of adventure. UNM Press. pp. 33–37. ISBN 0-8263-3791-0. Retrieved 2011-09-28. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 18°02′27″S 141°24′34″W / 18.04083°S 141.40944°W / -18.04083; -141.40944


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