1
Turbinia - Discovery Museum - Newcastle
Turbinia - Discovery Museum - Newcastle
DATE: 2010/08/30::
2
Turbinia moves home 30 years ago
Turbinia moves home 30 years ago
DATE: 2009/07/10::
3
RC Model of Charles Parsons Turbinia powered by two turbines
RC Model of Charles Parsons Turbinia powered by two turbines
DATE: 2010/11/20::
4
Turbinia Tribute
Turbinia Tribute
DATE: 2010/05/12::
5
Turbinia
Turbinia
DATE: 2010/11/28::
6
TS Turbinia Parsons First Steam Turbine Ship at the Discovery Centre Gateshead Tyne and Wear England
TS Turbinia Parsons First Steam Turbine Ship at the Discovery Centre Gateshead Tyne and Wear England
DATE: 2013/07/27::
7
Kimera Bring Me to Life Live
Kimera Bring Me to Life Live 'The Turbinia Rock Gigs
DATE: 2013/04/13::
8
Drum Solo from Shanghai gig @ The Turbinia 2009
Drum Solo from Shanghai gig @ The Turbinia 2009
DATE: 2015/01/31::
9
Visualized - Turbinia
Visualized - Turbinia
DATE: 2011/01/02::
10
The Kill Live at the Turbinia
The Kill Live at the Turbinia
DATE: 2012/03/25::
11
Turbinia being transported to her new home at Discovery Museum
Turbinia being transported to her new home at Discovery Museum
DATE: 2010/12/10::
12
turbinia drive 2010
turbinia drive 2010
DATE: 2010/10/03::
13
This Machine Highway Star/Action @Turbinia Rock Gigs
This Machine Highway Star/Action @Turbinia Rock Gigs
DATE: 2013/03/05::
14
Turbinia, Fossway, Walker, Newcastle Upon Tyne NE6 4HT
Turbinia, Fossway, Walker, Newcastle Upon Tyne NE6 4HT
DATE: 2014/05/27::
15
Thatchers Bush - Monkey Man - Toots and the Maytals Cover (Live @ The Turbinia 26.10.14)
Thatchers Bush - Monkey Man - Toots and the Maytals Cover (Live @ The Turbinia 26.10.14)
DATE: 2014/11/10::
16
Turbinia no Ibira!!
Turbinia no Ibira!!
DATE: 2012/08/30::
17
Thatchers Bush - Pressure Drop - Toots and the Maytals Cover (Live @ The Turbinia 26.10.14)
Thatchers Bush - Pressure Drop - Toots and the Maytals Cover (Live @ The Turbinia 26.10.14)
DATE: 2014/11/10::
18
Personal Audio - Sound Hire | Thatchers Bush - Get Over It (Live @ The Turbinia 26.10.14)
Personal Audio - Sound Hire | Thatchers Bush - Get Over It (Live @ The Turbinia 26.10.14)
DATE: 2014/11/10::
19
This Machine: Enter Sandman Live@The Turbinia Rock Gigs
This Machine: Enter Sandman Live@The Turbinia Rock Gigs
DATE: 2013/03/05::
20
Personal Audio - Sound Hire | Thatchers Bush - Happy Head (Live @ The Turbinia 26.10.14)
Personal Audio - Sound Hire | Thatchers Bush - Happy Head (Live @ The Turbinia 26.10.14)
DATE: 2014/11/10::
21
You Do Something To Me / At The Turbinia
You Do Something To Me / At The Turbinia
DATE: 2012/02/18::
22
the turbinia drive pics
the turbinia drive pics
DATE: 2009/10/06::
23
Turbinia Horse Drive :D
Turbinia Horse Drive :D
DATE: 2011/08/02::
24
Turbinia
Turbinia
DATE: 2014/03/07::
25
Behind The Music - Turbinia.WMV
Behind The Music - Turbinia.WMV
DATE: 2012/07/14::
26
Mugshot at the Turbinia pub
Mugshot at the Turbinia pub
DATE: 2012/03/20::
27
Bornvillains
Bornvillains 'On The Lamb' Full Gig,Live @ The Turbinia
DATE: 2013/06/23::
28
Bessie at the Turbinia
Bessie at the Turbinia
DATE: 2012/04/30::
29
Karaoke at the turbinia
Karaoke at the turbinia
DATE: 2011/12/17::
30
Turbinia
Turbinia
DATE: 2010/03/15::
31
Sabbatica: War Pigs
Sabbatica: War Pigs
DATE: 2013/02/27::
32
The Tony Liddle Band: Ride Like The Wind/Loose Cannon
The Tony Liddle Band: Ride Like The Wind/Loose Cannon
DATE: 2013/04/20::
33
The Unsound Playing An Original - An Eye For An Eye - live at Turbinia 10-08-2013
The Unsound Playing An Original - An Eye For An Eye - live at Turbinia 10-08-2013
DATE: 2013/08/11::
34
The Tony Liddle Band: Be Good to Yourself/We
The Tony Liddle Band: Be Good to Yourself/We've Gotta Get Outta This Place
DATE: 2013/04/20::
35
FM: Welcome to the Jungle/ Spirit of the Radio
FM: Welcome to the Jungle/ Spirit of the Radio
DATE: 2013/04/19::
36
101: Kashmir
101: Kashmir
DATE: 2013/03/14::
37
Built and Launched by Iain Watson
Built and Launched by Iain Watson
DATE: 2011/10/25::
38
Sabbatica: Snowblind
Sabbatica: Snowblind
DATE: 2013/02/28::
39
This Machine Whole Lotta Rosie
This Machine Whole Lotta Rosie
DATE: 2013/03/07::
40
Feed The Bear: Stay With Me Plus Led Zeppelin Medley
Feed The Bear: Stay With Me Plus Led Zeppelin Medley
DATE: 2013/03/02::
41
101 Under The Bridge
101 Under The Bridge
DATE: 2013/03/15::
42
101: Radio Nowhere/Freebird
101: Radio Nowhere/Freebird
DATE: 2013/03/14::
43
Damnation: Touch Too Much
Damnation: Touch Too Much
DATE: 2013/04/28::
44
Damnation: Hell Ain
Damnation: Hell Ain't A Bad Place To Be
DATE: 2013/04/28::
45
Bon Jovi Forever Livin
Bon Jovi Forever Livin' On A Prayer/Dead or Alive
DATE: 2013/02/11::
46
Jackson
Jackson's Drum Solo (Guest Drummer Sabbatica) 23/02/2013
DATE: 2013/02/23::
47
Bon Jovi Forever:
Bon Jovi Forever: 'It's My Life'
DATE: 2013/02/12::
48
imperatrix silvestum
imperatrix silvestum
DATE: 2014/10/21::
49
Damnation: Problem Child
Damnation: Problem Child
DATE: 2013/04/28::
50
HMAS Sydney
HMAS Sydney
DATE: 2009/06/30::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The Turbinia
Turbinia at speed in 1897
Career (United Kingdom)
Name: Turbinia
Launched: 2 August 1894
Out of service: 1927
Refit: 1960s
Nickname: "The Ocean Greyhound"
Status: Museum ship
General characteristics
Displacement: 44.5 tons
Length: 104 ft 9 in (31.93 m)
Beam: 9 ft (2.7 m)
Draught: 3 ft (0.91 m)
Propulsion: Three-stage axial-flow direct-acting Parsons steam turbine driving two 12 ft 6 in (3.81 m) outer shafts, each with three 18-inch-diameter (460 mm), 24-inch-pitch (610 mm) propellers, and one inner shaft with three propellers.
2,100 hp (1,600 kW) three-drum water-tube coal-fired boiler with double-ended 1,100-square-foot (100 m2) heating surface.
200 psi (1.4 MPa), 170 psi (1.2 MPa) at the turbine
Speed: 34.5 kn (63.9 km/h; 39.7 mph)

Turbinia was the first steam turbine-powered steamship. Built as an experimental vessel in 1894, and easily the fastest ship in the world at that time, Turbinia was demonstrated dramatically at the Spithead Navy Review in 1897 and set the standard for the next generation of steamships, the majority of which were turbine powered. The vessel can still be seen at the Discovery Museum in Newcastle upon Tyne, North East England, while her original powerplant can be found at the London Science Museum.

Development[edit]

Charles Algernon Parsons invented the steam turbine in 1884, and, having foreseen its potential to power ships, he set up the Parsons Marine Steam Turbine Company with five associates in 1893. To develop this he had the experimental vessel Turbinia built in a light design of steel by the firm of Brown and Hood, based at Wallsend on Tyne in the Northeast of England.

The Admiralty was kept informed of developments, and Turbinia was launched on 2 August 1894. Despite the success of the turbine engine, initial trials with one propeller were disappointing. After discovering the problem of cavitation and constructing the first cavitation tunnel, Parsons' research led to him fitting three axial-flow turbines to three shafts, each shaft in turn driving three propellers, giving a total of nine propellers.[1] In trials this achieved a top speed of over 34 knots (63 km/h), so that "the passengers aboard would be convinced beyond all doubt Turbinia was Charles Parsons' winning North Sea greyhound".

Demonstration[edit]

Parsons' ship turned up unannounced[2] at the Navy Review for Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee at Spithead, on 26 June 1897, in front of the Prince of Wales, Lords of the Admiralty and foreign dignitaries. As an audacious publicity stunt, Turbinia, which was much faster than any ship at the time, raced between the two lines of navy ships and steamed up and down in front of the crowd and princes, while easily evading a Navy picket boat that tried to pursue her, indeed, almost swamping it with her wake.[3]

In 1897, the photographer and cinematographer, Alfred J. West, obtained photographs of the steam yacht Turbinia traveling at full speed at the Royal Fleet Review. He was subsequently invited by Sir Charles Parsons to film and photograph the vessel within the Tyne and the adjacent North Sea and the pictures captured (one of which is shown at the top of this page) remain the defining image of Turbinia at speed.[4]

The damaged Turbinia laying in the dry dock
Turbinia alongside RMS Mauretania
Turbinia on display at Newcastle Discovery Museum, 2013

From this clear demonstration of her speed and power and after further high speed trials attended by the Admiralty, Parsons set up the Turbinia Works at Wallsend, which then constructed the engines for two turbine-powered destroyers for the Navy, HMS Viper and HMS Cobra, which were launched in 1899. Both vessels were later lost but although the loss of these trials ships slowed the introduction of turbines, the Admiralty had been convinced. In 1900 Turbinia steamed to Paris and was shown to French officials and then displayed at the Paris Exhibition.

The first turbine-powered merchant vessel, the Clyde steamer TS King Edward, followed in 1901. The Admiralty confirmed in 1905 that all future Royal Navy vessels were to be turbine-powered, and in 1906 the first turbine-powered battleship, the revolutionary HMS Dreadnought, was launched.

Crosby incident[edit]

On 11 January 1907, Turbinia was struck and nearly cut in two by Crosby – a ship being launched across-river from the south bank of the Tyne. She was repaired (see accompanying image) and steamed alongside RMS Mauretania (also a turbine-powered vessel) after the launch of the great ocean liner. However, mechanical problems prevented Turbinia from accompanying Mauretania down the River Tyne to the sea.

As a museum ship[edit]

The company decided to slow down the deterioration of Turbinia by lifting her out of the water, and in 1926 the directors of the Parsons Marine Steam Turbine Company offered the ship to the London Science Museum. Turbinia was cut in two and the aft section, complete with engines and propellers, was put on display in the South Kensington museum in London, which did not have the space to accommodate the full ship. The fore section was presented in 1944 to Newcastle Corporation and placed on display in the city's Exhibition Park. In 1959, the Science Museum took the aft section of Turbinia off display and by 1961, using a reconstructed centre section, Turbinia was once more complete and on display in the Newcastle Municipal Museum of Science and Industry. In 1983 a complete reconstruction was undertaken.

On 30 October 1994, 100 years after her launch, Turbinia was moved to Newcastle's Museum of Science and Engineering (later renamed The Discovery Museum) and put on display to the public in March 1996. Listed as part of the National Historic Fleet, in 2000, the vessel was the focal point of a year-long £10.7 million redevelopment programme at the Discovery Museum. The gallery around Turbinia was the first area to be refurbished, with the main part of the work involving raising the roof by one storey to create viewing galleries on three levels.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Adrian Osler (October 1981). "Turbinia". (ASME-sponsored booklet to mark the designation of Turbinia as an international engineering landmark). Tyne And Wear County Council Museums. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 April 2011. Retrieved 13 April 2011. 
  2. ^ Turbine - Birr Castle Demesne[dead link]
  3. ^ Charles Parsons[dead link]
  4. ^ Whitehead, Ian (13 June 2013). "“Turbinia” at speed – but who’s on the conning tower?". Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums. Retrieved 22 February 2015.  A discussion of the Alfred West pictures by Ian Whitehead. Mr Whitehead is the Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums curator charged with Turbinia‍ '​s care in 2013. As part of the TWAMWIR residency he has generated this official museum blog examining these materials.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 54°58′8.9″N 1°37′28.2″W / 54.969139°N 1.624500°W / 54.969139; -1.624500

Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License
Powered by YouTube
MASHPEDIA
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2015