Share
VIDEOS 1 TO 50
Turbinia - Discovery Museum - Newcastle
Turbinia - Discovery Museum - Newcastle
Published: 2010/08/30
Channel: David Clover
The First Steam Turbine (1927)
The First Steam Turbine (1927)
Published: 2014/04/13
Channel: British Pathé
Turbinia being transported to her new home at Discovery Museum
Turbinia being transported to her new home at Discovery Museum
Published: 2010/12/10
Channel: TWMuseums
Turbinia Tribute
Turbinia Tribute
Published: 2010/05/12
Channel: carsbuff
TS Turbinia Parsons First Steam Turbine Ship at the Discovery Centre Gateshead Tyne and Wear England
TS Turbinia Parsons First Steam Turbine Ship at the Discovery Centre Gateshead Tyne and Wear England
Published: 2013/07/27
Channel: maritimebritain
RC Model of Charles Parsons Turbinia powered by two turbines
RC Model of Charles Parsons Turbinia powered by two turbines
Published: 2010/11/20
Channel: daveandben
The Turbinia Model Feb 2016
The Turbinia Model Feb 2016
Published: 2016/03/08
Channel: TheJancorb
History of the Royal Navy - Steam, steel and Dreadnoughts (1806-1918)
History of the Royal Navy - Steam, steel and Dreadnoughts (1806-1918)
Published: 2013/03/01
Channel: Ryan Doyle
Turbinia moves home 30 years ago
Turbinia moves home 30 years ago
Published: 2009/07/10
Channel: ChronicleLive
Turbinia Video, East end of Newcastle upon Tyne
Turbinia Video, East end of Newcastle upon Tyne
Published: 2016/03/04
Channel: Ricky Moore Hypnotist Laughter Show
You Do Something To Me / At The Turbinia
You Do Something To Me / At The Turbinia
Published: 2012/02/18
Channel: Barry Ellis
turbinia drive 2010
turbinia drive 2010
Published: 2010/10/03
Channel: john crawford
comment planter un turbinia inopinata
comment planter un turbinia inopinata
Published: 2016/07/22
Channel: BOTANEA PEPINIERE
Turbinia
Turbinia
Published: 2014/03/07
Channel: Scott Schneible
Turbinia Trial at Boundary Park 20/12/2015
Turbinia Trial at Boundary Park 20/12/2015
Published: 2015/12/20
Channel: dave melville
Turbinia at Boundary Park Jan 2016
Turbinia at Boundary Park Jan 2016
Published: 2016/02/08
Channel: dave melville
Turbinia
Turbinia
Published: 2010/11/28
Channel: ModelBoat Mayhem
Revenant at the Turbinia
Revenant at the Turbinia
Published: 2017/01/22
Channel: RevenantBandUK
Turbinia
Turbinia
Published: 2010/03/15
Channel: mrscrispy
Turbinia, Fossway, Walker, Newcastle Upon Tyne NE6 4HT
Turbinia, Fossway, Walker, Newcastle Upon Tyne NE6 4HT
Published: 2014/05/27
Channel: Trust Inns
the turbinia drive pics
the turbinia drive pics
Published: 2009/10/06
Channel: john crawford
Captain Rock at the Turbinia
Captain Rock at the Turbinia
Published: 2016/05/15
Channel: Carl May
ARROCHA AFRONTA É GUERRA AMANTE E FIEL  (( MC JEFINHO VS JACARÉ  BRABA )) 2017
ARROCHA AFRONTA É GUERRA AMANTE E FIEL (( MC JEFINHO VS JACARÉ BRABA )) 2017
Published: 2016/12/19
Channel: Iasmin Turbininha
Turbinia no Ibira!!
Turbinia no Ibira!!
Published: 2012/08/31
Channel: geraldo vieira
Turbinia
Turbinia
Published: 2015/07/29
Channel: John Rowe
Drum Solo from Shanghai gig @ The Turbinia 2009
Drum Solo from Shanghai gig @ The Turbinia 2009
Published: 2015/01/31
Channel: Addo Koranteng
Captain Rock at the Turbinia
Captain Rock at the Turbinia
Published: 2016/05/15
Channel: Carl May
Set at The Turbinia newton aycliffe
Set at The Turbinia newton aycliffe
Published: 2016/04/17
Channel: Kelli Honour
Captain Rock at the Turbinia
Captain Rock at the Turbinia
Published: 2016/05/15
Channel: Carl May
Fu Fighters Learn to Fly @ The Turbinia - Foo FightersTribute
Fu Fighters Learn to Fly @ The Turbinia - Foo FightersTribute
Published: 2016/05/10
Channel: Fu Fighters
Visualized - Turbinia
Visualized - Turbinia
Published: 2011/01/02
Channel: Interterrestrial
The Kill Live at the Turbinia
The Kill Live at the Turbinia
Published: 2012/03/25
Channel: vonniec1336
Odic Force - Turbinia (Full Official Release) [Enigmatic Output - Acid House]
Odic Force - Turbinia (Full Official Release) [Enigmatic Output - Acid House]
Published: 2016/12/16
Channel: Hypnohouse Label Group
Fu Fighters Best of You @ The Turbinia Foo Fighters Tribute
Fu Fighters Best of You @ The Turbinia Foo Fighters Tribute
Published: 2016/05/10
Channel: Fu Fighters
Behind The Music - Turbinia.WMV
Behind The Music - Turbinia.WMV
Published: 2012/07/14
Channel: Adam Wigham
John Rowe - Turbinia [Enigmatic Output - Acid House]
John Rowe - Turbinia [Enigmatic Output - Acid House]
Published: 2017/05/09
Channel: Hypnohouse Label Group
Kimera Bring Me to Life Live
Kimera Bring Me to Life Live 'The Turbinia Rock Gigs
Published: 2013/04/13
Channel: dogstaraycliffe
This Machine Highway Star/Action @Turbinia Rock Gigs
This Machine Highway Star/Action @Turbinia Rock Gigs
Published: 2013/03/06
Channel: dogstaraycliffe
Turbinia Horse Drive :D
Turbinia Horse Drive :D
Published: 2011/08/02
Channel: kaitlin barry
Mugshot at the Turbinia pub
Mugshot at the Turbinia pub
Published: 2012/03/20
Channel: gthowe2112
The Unsound Playing An Original - An Eye For An Eye - live at Turbinia 10-08-2013
The Unsound Playing An Original - An Eye For An Eye - live at Turbinia 10-08-2013
Published: 2013/08/11
Channel: The Unsound
Captain Rock at the Turbinia
Captain Rock at the Turbinia
Published: 2016/05/16
Channel: Carl May
This One Goes up to Eleven.  Gimme All Your Loving. The Turbinia 2010
This One Goes up to Eleven. Gimme All Your Loving. The Turbinia 2010
Published: 2017/01/30
Channel: Aaron Johnson
Captain Rock at the Turbinia
Captain Rock at the Turbinia
Published: 2016/05/15
Channel: Carl May
Turbinia
Turbinia
Published: 2017/04/17
Channel: 赤穂浪士
Thatchers Bush - Pressure Drop - Toots and the Maytals Cover (Live @ The Turbinia 26.10.14)
Thatchers Bush - Pressure Drop - Toots and the Maytals Cover (Live @ The Turbinia 26.10.14)
Published: 2014/11/10
Channel: Personal Audio - Sound Hire
Bornvillains
Bornvillains 'On The Lamb' Full Gig,Live @ The Turbinia
Published: 2013/06/23
Channel: dogstaraycliffe
This One Goes up to Eleven.  Fire. The Turbinia 2010
This One Goes up to Eleven. Fire. The Turbinia 2010
Published: 2017/01/30
Channel: Aaron Johnson
Karaoke at the turbinia
Karaoke at the turbinia
Published: 2011/12/17
Channel: craigdee26
This One Goes up to Eleven  Drive My Car  Turbinia 2010
This One Goes up to Eleven Drive My Car Turbinia 2010
Published: 2017/01/30
Channel: Aaron Johnson
NEXT
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The Turbinia
Turbinia at speed in 1897
History
United Kingdom
Name: Turbinia
Launched: 2 August 1894
Out of service: 1927
Refit: 1960s
Nickname(s): "The Ocean Greyhound"
Status: Museum ship
General characteristics
Displacement: 44.5 tons
Length: 104 ft 9 in (31.93 m)
Beam: 9 ft (2.7 m)
Draught: 3 ft (0.91 m)
Propulsion:
  • Three-stage axial-flow direct-acting Parsons steam turbine driving two 12 ft 6 in (3.81 m) outer shafts, each with three 18-inch-diameter (460 mm), 24-inch-pitch (610 mm) propellers, and one inner shaft with three propellers.
  • 2,100 hp (1,600 kW) three-drum water-tube coal-fired boiler with double-ended 1,100-square-foot (100 m2) heating surface.
  • 200 psi (1.4 MPa), 170 psi (1.2 MPa) at the turbine
Speed: 34.5 kn (63.9 km/h; 39.7 mph)

Turbinia was the first steam turbine-powered steamship. Built as an experimental vessel in 1894, and easily the fastest ship in the world at that time, Turbinia was demonstrated dramatically at the Spithead Navy Review in 1897 and set the standard for the next generation of steamships, the majority of which were turbine powered. The vessel can still be seen at the Discovery Museum in Newcastle upon Tyne, North East England, while her original powerplant can be found at the London Science Museum.

Development[edit]

Charles Algernon Parsons invented the modern steam turbine in 1884, and, having foreseen its potential to power ships, he set up the Parsons Marine Steam Turbine Company with five associates in 1893. To develop this he had the experimental vessel Turbinia built in a light design of steel by the firm of Brown and Hood, based at Wallsend on Tyne in the Northeast of England.

The Admiralty was kept informed of developments, and Turbinia was launched on 2 August 1894.[1] Despite the success of the turbine engine, initial trials with one propeller were disappointing. After discovering the problem of cavitation and constructing the first cavitation tunnel, Parsons' research led to him fitting three axial-flow turbines to three shafts, each shaft in turn driving three propellers, giving a total of nine propellers.[2] In trials this achieved a top speed of over 34 knots (63 km/h), so that "the passengers aboard would be convinced beyond all doubt Turbinia was Charles Parsons' winning North Sea greyhound".

The turbines were directly driven, as geared turbines were not introduced until 1910. Even after the introduction of geared turbines, efficiency of even the largest axial steam turbines was still below 12 percent. Turbinia was even less efficient, with its direct drive turbine moving with a tip speed of just 30 meters per second. Despite this, it was a dramatic improvement over predecessors. [3]

Demonstration[edit]

Turbinia at the Spithead Navy Review, 1897.

Parsons' ship turned up unannounced[4] at the Navy Review for Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee at Spithead, on 26 June 1897, in front of the Prince of Wales, Lords of the Admiralty and foreign dignitaries. As an audacious publicity stunt, Turbinia, which was much faster than any ship at the time, raced between the two lines of navy ships and steamed up and down in front of the crowd and princes, while easily evading a Navy picket boat that tried to pursue her, almost swamping it with her wake.

Photographer and cinematographer Alfred J. West took several photographs of Turbinia traveling at full speed at the Review. He was subsequently invited by Sir Charles Parsons to film and photograph the vessel within the River Tyne and the adjacent North Sea and the pictures captured (one of which is shown at the top of this page) remain the defining image of Turbinia at speed.[5]

The damaged Turbinia lying in the dry dock
Turbinia alongside RMS Mauretania
Turbinia on display at Newcastle Discovery Museum, 2013

From this clear demonstration of her speed and power and after further high speed trials attended by the Admiralty, Parsons set up the Turbinia Works at Wallsend, which then constructed the engines for two turbine-powered destroyers for the Navy, HMS Viper and HMS Cobra, which were launched in 1899. Both vessels were later lost but although the loss of these trials ships slowed the introduction of turbines, the Admiralty had been convinced. In 1900 Turbinia steamed to Paris and was shown to French officials and then displayed at the Paris Exhibition.

The first turbine-powered merchant vessel, the Clyde steamer TS King Edward, followed in 1901. The Admiralty confirmed in 1905 that all future Royal Navy vessels were to be turbine-powered, and in 1906 the first turbine-powered battleship, the revolutionary HMS Dreadnought, was launched.

Crosby incident[edit]

On 11 January 1907, Turbinia was struck and nearly cut in two by Crosby – a ship being launched across-river from the south bank of the Tyne. She was repaired (see accompanying image) and steamed alongside RMS Mauretania (also a turbine-powered vessel) after the launch of the great ocean liner. However, mechanical problems prevented Turbinia from accompanying Mauretania down the River Tyne to the sea.

As a museum ship[edit]

The company decided to slow down the deterioration of Turbinia by lifting her out of the water in 1908, and in 1926 the directors of the Parsons Marine Steam Turbine Company offered the ship to the London Science Museum.[6] Turbinia was cut in two and the aft section, complete with engines and propellers, was put on display in the South Kensington museum in London, which did not have the space to accommodate the full ship. The fore section was presented in 1944 to Newcastle Corporation and placed on display in the city's Exhibition Park. In 1959, the Science Museum took the aft section of Turbinia off display and by 1961, using a reconstructed centre section, Turbinia was once more complete and on display in the Newcastle Municipal Museum of Science and Industry. In 1983 a complete reconstruction was undertaken.

On 30 October 1994, 100 years after her launch, Turbinia was moved to Newcastle's Museum of Science and Engineering (later renamed The Discovery Museum) and put on display to the public in March 1996. Listed as part of the National Historic Fleet, in 2000, the vessel was the focal point of a year-long £10.7 million redevelopment programme at the Discovery Museum. The gallery around Turbinia was the first area to be refurbished, with the main part of the work involving raising the roof by one storey to create viewing galleries on three levels.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "A History of the North East in 100 objects". 
  2. ^ Adrian Osler (October 1981). "Turbinia". (ASME-sponsored booklet to mark the designation of Turbinia as an international engineering landmark). Tyne And Wear County Council Museums. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 April 2011. Retrieved 13 April 2011. 
  3. ^ The Design of High-Efficiency Turbomachinery and Gas Turbines, David Gordon Wilson, P.14
  4. ^ Turbine - Birr Castle Demesne Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ Whitehead, Ian (13 June 2013). "“Turbinia” at speed – but who’s on the conning tower?". Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums. Retrieved 22 February 2015.  A discussion of the Alfred West pictures by Ian Whitehead. Mr Whitehead is the Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums curator charged with Turbinia's care in 2013. As part of the TWAMWIR residency he has generated this official museum blog examining these materials.
  6. ^ "Turbinia · National Historic Ships UK". 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 54°58′8.9″N 1°37′28.2″W / 54.969139°N 1.624500°W / 54.969139; -1.624500

Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license