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Tuscarawas River
River
Tuscarawas River Dover.jpg
The Tuscarawas River in Dover in 2006
Country United States
State Ohio
Source
 - location near Hartville
 - coordinates 40°56′34″N 81°20′45″W / 40.94278°N 81.34583°W / 40.94278; -81.34583 [1]
Mouth Muskingum River
 - location Coshocton
 - elevation 735 ft (224 m) [1]
 - coordinates 40°16′31″N 81°52′24″W / 40.27528°N 81.87333°W / 40.27528; -81.87333 [1]
Length 129.9 mi (209 km) [2]
Basin 2,590 sq mi (6,708 km2) [2]
Discharge for Newcomerstown
 - average 2,591 cu ft/s (73 m3/s) [3]
 - max 46,800 cu ft/s (1,325 m3/s)
 - min 216 cu ft/s (6 m3/s)
Discharge elsewhere (average)
 - Massillon 466 cu ft/s (13 m3/s) [3]
Map of the Muskingum River watershed showing the Tuscarawas

The Tuscarawas River is a principal tributary of the Muskingum River, 129.9 miles (209 km) long, in northeastern Ohio in the United States. Via the Muskingum and Ohio rivers, it is part of the watershed of the Mississippi River, draining an area of 2,590 square miles (6,700 km2) on glaciated and unglaciated portions of the Allegheny Plateau.

Route[edit]

The river rises southwest of Hartville in northern Stark County, and initially flows westward, through Uniontown into southern Summit County, where it passes through the Portage Lakes area south of Akron, and Barberton. From Barberton the Tuscarawas flows generally south through Stark and Tuscarawas counties; the communities of Clinton, Canal Fulton, Massillon, Navarre, Bolivar, Zoar, Dover, and New Philadelphia were developed along its banks. South of New Philadelphia, the river turns southwest and west, flowing past Tuscarawas, Gnadenhutten, Port Washington, and Newcomerstown, sites of former Lenape people villages at the time of the American Revolutionary War, into Coshocton County, where it joins the Walhonding River at the city of Coshocton (a former major Lenape site) to form the Muskingum River.[4]

A channelized portion of the river in Massillon in 2006, as viewed from the towpath trail of the former Ohio and Erie Canal

From Barberton downstream, the Ohio and Erie Canal was constructed parallel to the river in 1828-30 to provide for improved transportation of products and passengers. Usage began declining in the 1850s, and the canal was damaged beyond repair by flooding in 1913.[5] Portions of the canal's towpath route are maintained as a hiking and bicycling trail.[6]

According to the Geographic Names Information System, the Tuscarawas River has also been known historically by the names Little Muskingum River, Mashongam River, Tuscarawa River, and Tuskarawas Creek, all derived from Native American terms.[1]

As of 2006, the state of Ohio Environmental Protection Agency has recommended limits on the consumption of fish taken from the river, due to contamination by mercury and PCBs.[7]

Tributaries[edit]

The Tuscarawas River collects Chippewa Creek in Summit County near Clinton, and Sandy Creek in Stark County near Bolivar. In Tuscarawas County, it collects Conotton Creek southeast of Zoar; Sugar Creek at Dover; and Stillwater Creek north of Tuscarawas. Nimishillen Creek, a tributary of Sandy Creek, drains the city of Canton.[4]

Flow rate[edit]

At the United States Geological Survey's stream gauge in Newcomerstown, the annual mean flow of the river between 1922 and 2005 was 2,591 ft³/s (73 m³/s). The highest recorded flow during the period was 46,800 ft³/s (1,325 m³/s) on January 26, 1937. The lowest recorded flow was 216 ft³/s (6 m³/s) on August 15, 1944.[3]

At an upstream gauge in Massillon, the annual mean flow of the river between 1938 and 2005 was 466 ft³/s (13 m³/s). The highest recorded flow during the period was 10,700 ft³/s (303 m³/s) on July 5, 1969. The lowest recorded flow was 45 ft³/s (1.3 m³/s) on September 20, 1999.[3]

In popular culture[edit]

  • Conrad Richter's novel, The Light in the Forest (1953), features True Son recalling a memory set along the Tuscarawas River.
  • The band Sun Kil Moon refers to the Tuscarawas in their song "Carry Me, Ohio", with the lyric, "Tuscarawas river flows into a great lake".[8] But, the Tuscarawas does not flow into any of the Great Lakes; rather, it ultimately feeds the Mississippi River, which flows into the Gulf of Mexico.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Geographic Names Information System. "GNIS entry for Tuscarawas River (Feature ID #1067076)". Retrieved 2007-02-04. 
  2. ^ a b Ohio Department of Natural Resources (2000). "Major Ohio Watersheds". A Guide to Ohio Streams. pp. p. 11. Retrieved 2007-01-12. 
  3. ^ a b c d Mangus, J. P.; S. R. Frum. "USGS Ohio Water Resources Data, Water Year 2005.". United States Geological Survey. pp. Surface-water records, Surface-water records, Beaver through Muskingum River Basins (p. 41–77). Retrieved 2007-05-21. 
  4. ^ a b DeLorme (1991). Ohio Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. pp. 41, 51-52, 60-61. ISBN 0-89933-233-1.
  5. ^ Ohio & Erie Canalway Association. "Ohio & Erie Canalway: The West's First Canal". Retrieved 2007-02-04. [dead link]
  6. ^ Ohio & Erie Canalway Association. "Ohio & Erie Canalway". Retrieved 2007-02-04. [dead link]
  7. ^ Ohio Environmental Protection Agency, Division of Surface Water (2006-01-03). "2006 Ohio Sport Fish Consumption Advisory". Archived from the original on 2007-07-15. Retrieved 2007-02-04. 
  8. ^ song lyrics for 'Carry Me Ohio'
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