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Ischia (Italy) is a wonderful volcanic island in the Tyrrhenian sea – 4K
Ischia (Italy) is a wonderful volcanic island in the Tyrrhenian sea – 4K
Published: 2016/06/24
Channel: Ricco3Dworld
Islands of the Mediterranean and Tyrrhenian Sea Drone Shots | Awesome Drone Shots
Islands of the Mediterranean and Tyrrhenian Sea Drone Shots | Awesome Drone Shots
Published: 2017/02/05
Channel: Awesome Drone Shots
Tyrrhenian Sea
Tyrrhenian Sea
Published: 2015/07/09
Channel: Előd Pataki
Tyrrhenian Sea 2016
Tyrrhenian Sea 2016
Published: 2016/07/04
Channel: M Mahdysh
How to Pronounce Tyrrhenian Sea
How to Pronounce Tyrrhenian Sea
Published: 2013/10/24
Channel: How to Pronounce
Ed Sheeran - Tenerife Sea
Ed Sheeran - Tenerife Sea
Published: 2014/06/22
Channel: pseud0c0de
11/14/17 10pm earthquake update dutchsinse - M5.4 Tyrrhenian Sea
11/14/17 10pm earthquake update dutchsinse - M5.4 Tyrrhenian Sea
Published: 2017/11/15
Channel: coppertropicals
Amalfi Coast Italy -  Overlooking the Tyrrhenian Sea
Amalfi Coast Italy - Overlooking the Tyrrhenian Sea
Published: 2015/03/17
Channel: Water Advocacy
Sorrento 2017: Swimming in the Tyrrhenian Sea
Sorrento 2017: Swimming in the Tyrrhenian Sea
Published: 2017/10/24
Channel: Eric Johnson
Capri is a wonderful island in the Tyrrhenian Sea - 4K 50p
Capri is a wonderful island in the Tyrrhenian Sea - 4K 50p
Published: 2017/03/22
Channel: Ricco3Dworld
The jewel of the Tyrrhenian Sea
The jewel of the Tyrrhenian Sea
Published: 2012/09/14
Channel: Marvin John Towler
3D reconstruction of the Palinuro submarine volcanic chain (Southern Tyrrhenian Sea)
3D reconstruction of the Palinuro submarine volcanic chain (Southern Tyrrhenian Sea)
Published: 2017/11/13
Channel: Comunicazione Social
Tyrrhenian Sea
Tyrrhenian Sea
Published: 2012/02/11
Channel: Lesia S
Tyrrhenian Sea
Tyrrhenian Sea
Published: 2017/07/31
Channel: Dima Stetsyk
Tyrrhenian Sea - MOVA Films
Tyrrhenian Sea - MOVA Films
Published: 2017/08/31
Channel: MOVA Films
Tyrrhenian Sea
Tyrrhenian Sea
Published: 2016/06/15
Channel: nick eugene
From Fiumicino, Tyrrhenian Sea
From Fiumicino, Tyrrhenian Sea
Published: 2012/02/11
Channel: Lesia S
Tyrrhenian @ World Music Day - 2017, Guwahati..
Tyrrhenian @ World Music Day - 2017, Guwahati..
Published: 2017/08/07
Channel: AuctoCreation
Across the Tyrrhenian sea in Italy
Across the Tyrrhenian sea in Italy
Published: 2011/08/08
Channel: violet156
Sailing in the Tyrrhenian  Sea
Sailing in the Tyrrhenian Sea
Published: 2017/11/21
Channel: Bernhard R. Fischer
Snorkeling in the Tyrrhenian Sea, SJ CAM 4000
Snorkeling in the Tyrrhenian Sea, SJ CAM 4000
Published: 2015/09/02
Channel: Marzia Di Mambro
Tyrrhenian Sea, Italy, 2007
Tyrrhenian Sea, Italy, 2007
Published: 2008/02/08
Channel: Femme
Mahe 36 in Tyrrhenian Sea 31 kn apparent
Mahe 36 in Tyrrhenian Sea 31 kn apparent
Published: 2017/07/06
Channel: Scott Wilkins
Arpik
Arpik's first encounter with the Tyrrhenian Sea
Published: 2010/11/03
Channel: Arpiné Grigoryan
From Tyrrhenian Sea to Libya
From Tyrrhenian Sea to Libya
Published: 2012/07/10
Channel: NASACrewEarthObs
How To Pronounce Tyrrhenian Sea
How To Pronounce Tyrrhenian Sea
Published: 2016/11/25
Channel: How To Pronounce
Tyrrhenian sea Posidonia oceanica
Tyrrhenian sea Posidonia oceanica
Published: 2013/12/10
Channel: Aldo Brunetti
Somewhere, in the middle of Tyrrhenian Sea
Somewhere, in the middle of Tyrrhenian Sea
Published: 2017/09/08
Channel: Torus
Sapri, Tyrrhenian Sea, Campania - Italy
Sapri, Tyrrhenian Sea, Campania - Italy
Published: 2015/11/17
Channel: light2tube
Straight of Bonifacio Divides the Tyrrhenian Sea & Mediterranean Sea
Straight of Bonifacio Divides the Tyrrhenian Sea & Mediterranean Sea
Published: 2015/06/07
Channel: Water Advocacy
THE BEACH OF SPERLONGA, Tyrrhenian Sea
THE BEACH OF SPERLONGA, Tyrrhenian Sea
Published: 2009/08/26
Channel: VascoPolonia
Tyrrhenian Sea
Tyrrhenian Sea
Published: 2010/06/23
Channel: evgfinkel
"Relaxation Series" - Tyrrhenian Sea Waves (Full HD 1080p)
"Relaxation Series" - Tyrrhenian Sea Waves (Full HD 1080p)
Published: 2012/01/10
Channel: INTENTIONAL SOUNDS ☯ Meditation Music, Sleep Music, Relaxing Music, Yoga Music ☯
Sunset on the Tyrrhenian Sea at Campora San Giovanni
Sunset on the Tyrrhenian Sea at Campora San Giovanni
Published: 2013/06/21
Channel: Alan Heath
TWIST - Tidal Wave in Southern Tyrrhenian sea - 2013
TWIST - Tidal Wave in Southern Tyrrhenian sea - 2013
Published: 2015/05/01
Channel: FEDERAZIONE ITALIANA ATTIVITA' SUBACQUEE
Snorkeling in the Tyrrhenian Sea
Snorkeling in the Tyrrhenian Sea
Published: 2017/08/24
Channel: Two Broads Abroad
Taking it Slow...by the Tyrrhenian Sea
Taking it Slow...by the Tyrrhenian Sea
Published: 2016/07/11
Channel: TheSicilianWing
Sailing Tyrrhenian Sea
Sailing Tyrrhenian Sea
Published: 2014/08/10
Channel: SportivoGroup
Thunderstorm over Tyrrhenian Sea on British Airways Airbus A321
Thunderstorm over Tyrrhenian Sea on British Airways Airbus A321
Published: 2009/10/13
Channel: Tony Sutton
Tyrrhenian Sea Sojourn 10-1 to 10-15, 2013
Tyrrhenian Sea Sojourn 10-1 to 10-15, 2013
Published: 2013/11/08
Channel: Tom Yragui
Tyrrhenian sea...Golfo di Napoli.
Tyrrhenian sea...Golfo di Napoli.
Published: 2014/04/10
Channel: franco grazziano
Red sky over Tyrrhenian Sea near Brace, Calabria, Italy
Red sky over Tyrrhenian Sea near Brace, Calabria, Italy
Published: 2012/12/25
Channel: Alan Heath
View of Capri & Tyrrhenian Sea
View of Capri & Tyrrhenian Sea
Published: 2017/02/06
Channel: Young Family Adventures
Tyrrhenian Sea near Rome Italy
Tyrrhenian Sea near Rome Italy
Published: 2009/02/05
Channel: 86jlguiter
Dolphins In The Tyrrhenian Sea
Dolphins In The Tyrrhenian Sea
Published: 2009/06/28
Channel: jane1975
At the Tyrrhenian Sea
At the Tyrrhenian Sea
Published: 2007/09/02
Channel: JaGuAr3529
Southern Italy.One Minute Of Tyrrhenian Sea
Southern Italy.One Minute Of Tyrrhenian Sea
Published: 2015/05/23
Channel: Salvatore Amato
TWIST - Tidal Wave In Southern Tyrrhenian sea - Salerno, 25-27 ottobre 2013
TWIST - Tidal Wave In Southern Tyrrhenian sea - Salerno, 25-27 ottobre 2013
Published: 2013/10/28
Channel: Federazione Italiana Nuoto
Yellow Fin catamaran sailing trip  in Tyrrhenian Sea, from Rome to Trapani (Sicily)
Yellow Fin catamaran sailing trip in Tyrrhenian Sea, from Rome to Trapani (Sicily)
Published: 2014/06/14
Channel: gbcorsi
Sunset at Tyrrhenian Sea
Sunset at Tyrrhenian Sea
Published: 2013/05/23
Channel: Lazar Tudor
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Tyrrhenian Sea
Tyrrhenian Sea map.png
Tyrrhenian Sea.
Location Mediterranean Sea
Coordinates 40°N 12°E / 40°N 12°E / 40; 12Coordinates: 40°N 12°E / 40°N 12°E / 40; 12
Type Sea
Basin countries France, Italy
Surface area 275,000 km2 (106,200 sq mi)
Average depth 2,000 m (6,562 ft)
Max. depth 3,785 m (12,418 ft)

The Tyrrhenian Sea (/tɪˈrniən ˈs/; Corsican: Mari Tirrenu, French: Mer Tyrrhénienne [mɛʁ tiʁenjɛn], Italian: Mar Tirreno [mar tirˈrɛːno], Neapolitan: Mare Tirreno, Sardinian: Mare Tirrenu, Sicilian: Mari Tirrenu) is part of the Mediterranean Sea off the western coast of Italy. It is named for the Tyrrhenian people, identified since the 6th century BCE with the Etruscans of Italy.

Geography[edit]

The sea is bounded by the islands of Corsica and Sardinia (to the west), the Italian peninsula (regions of Tuscany, Lazio, Campania, Basilicata, and Calabria) to the east, and the island of Sicily (to the south).[1] The Tyrrhenian sea also includes a number of small islands like Capri, Elba and Ustica.[2]

The maximum depth of the sea is 3,785 metres (12,418 ft).

The Tyrrhenian Sea is situated near where the African and Eurasian Plates meet; therefore mountain chains and active volcanoes such as Mount Marsili are found in its depths. The eight Aeolian Islands and Ustica are located in the southern part of the sea, north of Sicily.

Extent[edit]

The International Hydrographic Organization defines the limits of the Tyrrhenian Sea as follows:[3]

Exits[edit]

There are four exits from the Tyrrhenian Sea (north to south):

Exit Location Width Connected Sea
Corsica Channel between Tuscany and Corsica 42°50′N 9°45′E / 42.833°N 9.750°E / 42.833; 9.750 about 80 kilometres (50 mi) Ligurian Sea
Strait of Bonifacio between Corsica and Sardinia 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) Mediterranean Sea (proper)
no name between Sardinia and Sicily about 290 kilometres (180 mi) Mediterranean Sea (proper)
Strait of Messina between Sicily and Calabria on the toe of Italy 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) Ionian Sea

Basins[edit]

The Tyrrhenian Basin is divided into two basins (or plains), the Vavilov plain and the Marsili plain. They are separated by the undersea ridge known as the Issel Bridge, after Arturo Issel.[4]

Name[edit]

Its name derives from the Greek name for the Etruscans, who were said to be emigrants from Lydia and led by the prince Tyrrhenus.[5] The Etruscans settled along the coast of modern Tuscany and referred to the water as the "Sea of the Etruscans".

Ports[edit]

The main ports of the Tyrrhenian Sea in Italy are: Naples, Palermo, Civitavecchia (Rome), Salerno, Trapani and Gioia Tauro. In France the most important port is Bastia.

Note that even though the phrase "port of Rome" is frequently used, there is in fact no port in Rome. Instead, the "port of Rome" refers to the maritime facilities at Civitavecchia, some 68 km (42 miles) to the northwest of Rome, not too far from its airport.

Giglio Porto is a small island port in this area. It rose to prominence, when the Costa Concordia ran aground a few metres off the coast of Giglio and sank. The ship was later refloated and towed to Genoa for scrapping.

Winds[edit]

In Greek mythology, it is believed that the cliffs above the Tyrrhenian Sea housed the four winds kept by Aeolus. The winds are the Mistral from the Rhône valley, the Libeccio from the southwest, and the Sirocco and Ostro from the south.

Image gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tyrrhenian Sea | sea, Mediterranean Sea". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2017-07-18. 
  2. ^ "Map of Tyrrhenian Sea - Tyrrhenian Sea Map, History Facts, Tyrrhenian Sea Location - World Atlas". www.worldatlas.com. Retrieved 2017-07-18. 
  3. ^ "Limits of Oceans and Seas, 3rd edition" (PDF). International Hydrographic Organization. 1953. Retrieved 6 February 2010. 
  4. ^ Sartori, Renzo (2003). "The Tyrrhenian back-arc basin and subduction of the Ionian lithosphere" (PDF). Episodes. 26 (3): 217–221. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 19, 2008. 
  5. ^ "The Origins of the Etruscans". San José State University. Retrieved 28 October 2016. 


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