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U.S. Secretary of Energy Rick Perry Welcome Address
U.S. Secretary of Energy Rick Perry Welcome Address
Published: 2017/03/03
Channel: U.S. Department of Energy
Department of Energy Philippines
Department of Energy Philippines
Published: 2016/08/17
Channel: Abdur Balono
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Department of Energy shooting competition
Published: 2009/08/13
Channel: TheWookieStrikes
This Lab Is Your Lab - U.S. Department of Energy
This Lab Is Your Lab - U.S. Department of Energy
Published: 2017/06/30
Channel: U.S. Department of Energy
Department of Energy Police Harass Photographers
Department of Energy Police Harass Photographers
Published: 2010/09/13
Channel: iamtroublemaker1
This Is Energy (U.S. Department of Energy)
This Is Energy (U.S. Department of Energy)
Published: 2017/10/11
Channel: U.S. Department of Energy
Downsize the Department of Energy
Downsize the Department of Energy
Published: 2014/01/08
Channel: The Cato Institute
Powering the Nuclear Navy (U.S. Department of Energy)
Powering the Nuclear Navy (U.S. Department of Energy)
Published: 2017/10/17
Channel: U.S. Department of Energy
Rick "Abolish-Department-Of-Energy" Perry Confirmation Hearing To Be Head Of Dept Of Energy
Rick "Abolish-Department-Of-Energy" Perry Confirmation Hearing To Be Head Of Dept Of Energy
Published: 2017/01/19
Channel: wwwMOXNEWScom
Secretary Perry National Labs Tour Volumes 1-5 (U.S. Department of Energy)
Secretary Perry National Labs Tour Volumes 1-5 (U.S. Department of Energy)
Published: 2017/09/22
Channel: U.S. Department of Energy
United States Department of Energy PSA
United States Department of Energy PSA
Published: 2017/10/04
Channel: Noah Franklin
Rick Perry Explains The Department Of Energy
Rick Perry Explains The Department Of Energy's Priorities For America At Congressional Hearing
Published: 2017/10/13
Channel: wwwMOXNEWScom
Department of Energy Missions and Management Priorities
Department of Energy Missions and Management Priorities
Published: 2017/10/12
Channel: energyandcommerce
Department of Energy Helicopter over Santa Fe
Department of Energy Helicopter over Santa Fe
Published: 2017/09/21
Channel: Santa Fe Reporter
U.S. Department of Energy: Science for the People
U.S. Department of Energy: Science for the People
Published: 2017/01/11
Channel: U.S. Department of Energy
Hearing: Department of Energy Budget (EventID=106141)
Hearing: Department of Energy Budget (EventID=106141)
Published: 2017/06/20
Channel: HouseAppropsGOP
2017 Department of Energy (DOE) SBIR/STTR Overview
2017 Department of Energy (DOE) SBIR/STTR Overview
Published: 2017/03/23
Channel: Nebraska Business Development Center
After Watching
After Watching 'Stranger Things' Here's 5 Things the Department of Energy Want You to Know
Published: 2016/08/08
Channel: b/60
Oversight of the Department of Energy
Oversight of the Department of Energy's Stimulus Spending
Published: 2012/03/20
Channel: oversightandreform
Department of Energy Global Energy Storage Database Overview
Department of Energy Global Energy Storage Database Overview
Published: 2014/11/21
Channel: Strategen Consulting
Mario Marasigan, Department of Energy, the Philippines
Mario Marasigan, Department of Energy, the Philippines
Published: 2013/01/07
Channel: PFAN info
17 Labs in 17 Minutes Promo with Energy Secretary Perry (Direct Current - An Energy.gov Podcast)
17 Labs in 17 Minutes Promo with Energy Secretary Perry (Direct Current - An Energy.gov Podcast)
Published: 2017/07/17
Channel: U.S. Department of Energy
Trump picks Rick Perry to head the Department of Energy
Trump picks Rick Perry to head the Department of Energy
Published: 2016/12/14
Channel: Business Insider
ARPA-E, U.S. Department of Energy
ARPA-E, U.S. Department of Energy
Published: 2017/07/13
Channel: GreenBiz
Department of Energy
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Published: 2016/12/07
Channel: Raba Tefera
Department of Energy
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Published: 2017/09/06
Channel: Sofia Pellegrino
The (Department of Energy) Office starring Rick Perry
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Published: 2017/01/20
Channel: Jose Duarte
2016 CFCNCA Video Contest Entry - Department of Energy
2016 CFCNCA Video Contest Entry - Department of Energy
Published: 2016/09/07
Channel: TheCFCNCA
Department of Energy Award 2015 Federal Energy and Water Management Award winner
Department of Energy Award 2015 Federal Energy and Water Management Award winner
Published: 2015/10/02
Channel: United States Air Force
Department of Energy Street Theater
Department of Energy Street Theater
Published: 2008/02/12
Channel: matthew16503
Department of Energy Loses Billions of Taxpayer Dollars in Bad Loans to Green Energy Companies
Department of Energy Loses Billions of Taxpayer Dollars in Bad Loans to Green Energy Companies
Published: 2012/01/13
Channel: oversightandreform
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Published: 2016/10/24
Channel: Andrew Dondlinger
Secretary Ernest Moniz, Department of Energy | Talks at Google
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Published: 2014/12/13
Channel: Talks at Google
America
America's Energy Crisis: When the Circuit Breaks 1975 US Department of Energy
Published: 2015/01/30
Channel: Jeff Quitney
United States Department of Energy Visual Case Study | Construction Specialties
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Published: 2016/11/16
Channel: Construction Specialties
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Published: 2017/08/04
Channel: Newsy
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Published: 2012/03/15
Channel: CorporateProfile
Manchin Questions Department of Energy Assistant Secretary Nominees
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Published: 2017/09/26
Channel: SenatorJoeManchin
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Published: 2017/07/19
Channel: orbitalglaze
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Published: 2016/05/05
Channel: U.S. Department of Energy
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Published: 2017/02/07
Channel: DOE Solar Decathlon
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Published: 2017/01/17
Channel: U.S. Department of Energy
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Channel: U.S. Department of Energy
The Honorable Rick Perry - Secretary, Department of Energy
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Published: 2017/07/10
Channel: Global Energy Institute
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Published: 2014/10/01
Channel: Audiopedia
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Published: 2016/03/01
Channel: HouseAppropsGOP
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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United States Department of Energy
Seal of the United States Department of Energy.svg
Seal of the U.S. Department of Energy
Flag of the United States Department of Energy.svg
Flag of the U.S. Department of Energy
US Dept of Energy Forrestal Building.jpg
James V. Forrestal Building, Department Headquarters
Agency overview
Formed August 4, 1977; 40 years ago (1977-08-04)
Preceding agencies
Headquarters James V. Forrestal Building
1000 Independence Avenue
Southwest, Washington, D.C., U.S.
38°53′13″N 77°1′34″W / 38.88694°N 77.02611°W / 38.88694; -77.02611Coordinates: 38°53′13″N 77°1′34″W / 38.88694°N 77.02611°W / 38.88694; -77.02611
Employees 12,944 federal (2014)[1]
93,094 contract (2008)
Annual budget $27.9 billion (2015)[2]
Agency executives
Website energy.gov
Footnotes

The United States Department of Energy (DOE) is a Cabinet-level department of the United States Government concerned with the United States' policies regarding energy and safety in handling nuclear material. Its responsibilities include the nation's nuclear weapons program, nuclear reactor production for the United States Navy, energy conservation, energy-related research, radioactive waste disposal, and domestic energy production. It also directs research in genomics; the Human Genome Project originated in a DOE initiative.[3] DOE sponsors more research in the physical sciences than any other U.S. federal agency, the majority of which is conducted through its system of National Laboratories.[4]

The agency is administered by the United States Secretary of Energy, and its headquarters are located in Southwest Washington, D.C., on Independence Avenue in the James V. Forrestal Building, named for James Forrestal, as well as in Germantown, Maryland.

Former Governor of Texas Rick Perry is the current Secretary of Energy. He was confirmed by a 62 to 37 vote in the United States Senate on March 2, 2017.[5]

History[edit]

Formation and consolidation[edit]

In 1942, during World War II, the United States started the Manhattan Project, a project to develop the atomic bomb, under the eye of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. After the war in 1946, the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) was created to control the future of the project.[6][7] Among other nuclear projects, the AEC produced fabricated uranium fuel cores at locations such as Fernald Feed Materials Production Center in Cincinnati, Ohio.[8][9][10] In 1974, the AEC gave way to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, which was tasked with regulating the nuclear power industry, and the Energy Research and Development Administration, which was tasked to manage the nuclear weapon, naval reactor, and energy development programs.[citation needed]

The 1973 oil crisis called attention to the need to consolidate energy policy. [11][12][13] On August 4, 1977, President Jimmy Carter signed into law The Department of Energy Organization Act of 1977 (Pub.L. 95–91, 91 Stat. 565, enacted August 4, 1977), which created the Department of Energy.[14] The new agency, which began operations on October 1, 1977, consolidated the Federal Energy Administration, the Energy Research and Development Administration, the Federal Power Commission, and programs of various other agencies. Former Secretary of Defense James Schlesinger, who served under Presidents Nixon and Ford during the Vietnam War, was appointed as the first secretary.

Weapon plans stolen[edit]

In December 1999, the FBI was investigating how China obtained plans for a specific nuclear device. Wen Ho Lee was accused of stealing nuclear secrets from Los Alamos National Laboratory for the People's Republic of China. Federal officials, including then-Energy Secretary Bill Richardson, publicly named Lee as a suspect before he was charged with a crime. The U. S. Congress held hearings to investigate the Department of Energy's mishandling of his case. Republican senators thought that an independent agency should be in charge of nuclear weapons and security issues, not the Department of Energy.[15] All but one of the 59 charges against Lee were eventually dropped because the investigation finally proved that the plans the Chinese obtained could not have come from Lee. Lee filed suit and won a $1.6 million settlement against the federal government and news agencies.[16]

Loan guarantee program of 2005[edit]

In 2001, American Solar Challenge was sponsored by the United States Department of Energy and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory.[17] After the 2005 race, the U.S. Department of Energy discontinued its sponsorship.[18]

Title XVII of Energy Policy Act of 2005 authorizes the DOE to issue loan guarantees to eligible projects that "avoid, reduce, or sequester air pollutants or anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases" and "employ new or significantly improved technologies as compared to technologies in service in the United States at the time the guarantee is issued".[19] In loan guarantees, a conditional commitment requires to meet an equity commitment, as well as other conditions, before the loan guarantee is completed.[20]

The United States Department of Energy, the Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI), the Institute of Nuclear Materials Management (INMM), and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) partnered to develop and launch the World Institute for Nuclear Security (WINS) in September 2008. WINS is an international non-governmental organization designed to provide a forum to share best practices in strengthening the security and safety of nuclear and radioactive materials and facilities.[21]

Recent[edit]

On March 28, 2017 a supervisor in the Office of International Climate and Clean Energy asked staff to avoid the phrases "climate change," "emissions reduction," or "Paris Agreement" in written memos, briefings or other written communication. A DOE spokesperson denied that phrases had been banned.[22][23]

Organization[edit]

Structure and positions[edit]

Organizational chart of the U.S. Department of Energy as of July 2015

The department is under the control and supervision of a United States Secretary of Energy, a political appointee of the President of the United States. The Energy Secretary is assisted in managing the department by a United States Deputy Secretary of Energy, also appointed by the president, who assumes the duties of the secretary in his absence. The department also has three under secretaries, each appointed by the president, who oversee the major areas of the department's work. The president also appoints seven officials with the rank of Assistant Secretary of Energy who have line management responsibility for major organizational elements of the Department. The Energy Secretary assigns their functions and duties.

Symbolism in the seal[edit]

Excerpt from the Code of Federal Regulations, in Title 10: Energy:[24]

The official seal of the Department of energy "includes a green shield bisected by a gold-colored lightning bolt, on which is emblazoned a gold-colored symbolic sun, atom, oil derrick, windmill, and dynamo. It is crested by the white head of an eagle, atop a white rope. Both appear on a blue field surrounded by concentric circles in which the name of the agency, in gold, appears on a green background."

"The eagle represents the care in planning and the purposefulness of efforts required to respond to the Nation's increasing demands for energy. The sun, atom, oil derrick, windmill, and dynamo serve as representative technologies whose enhanced development can help meet these demands. The rope represents the cohesiveness in the development of the technologies and their link to our future capabilities. The lightning bolt represents the power of the natural forces from which energy is derived and the Nation's challenge in harnessing the forces."

"The color scheme is derived from nature, symbolizing both the source of energy and the support of man's existence. The blue field represents air and water, green represents mineral resources and the earth itself, and gold represents the creation of energy in the release of natural forces. By invoking this symbolism, the color scheme represents the Nation's commitment to meet its energy needs in a manner consistent with the preservation of the natural environment."

Facilities[edit]

The Department of Energy operates a system of national laboratories and technical facilities for research and development agency, as follows:

Other major DOE facilities include:

Other:

Nuclear weapons sites[edit]

The DOE/NNSA has federal responsibility for the design, testing and production of all nuclear weapons. NNSA in turn uses contractors to carry out its responsibilities at the following government owned sites:

Related legislation[edit]

Sign in front of the United States Department of Energy Forrestal Building on 1000 Independence Avenue in Washington D.C.

Budget[edit]

President Barack Obama unveiled on May 7, 2009, a $26.4 billion budget request for DOE for fiscal year (FY) 2010, including $2.3 billion for the DOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE). The budget aims to substantially expand the use of renewable energy sources while improving energy transmission infrastructure. It also makes significant investments[clarification needed] in hybrids and plug-in hybrids, in smart grid technologies, and in scientific research and innovation.[27]

As part of the $789 billion economic stimulus package in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, Congress provided Energy with an additional $38.3 billion for fiscal years 2009 and 2010, adding about 75 percent to Energy's annual budgets. Most of the stimulus spending was in the form of grants and contracts.[citation needed] For fiscal year 2013, each of the operating units of the Department of Energy operated with the following budgets:[28]

Division Funding (in billions)
Nuclear Security $11.5
Energy and Environment $9.5
Science $4.9
Management $0.25
Other $0.85
Total $28

Programs and contracts[edit]

Energy Savings Performance Contract[edit]

Energy Savings Performance Contracts (ESPCs) are contracts under which a contractor designs, constructs, and obtains the necessary financing for an energy savings project, and the federal agency makes payments over time to the contractor from the savings in the agency's utility bills. The contractor guarantees the energy improvements will generate savings, and after the contract ends, all continuing cost savings accrue to the federal agency.[29]

Energy Innovation Hubs[edit]

Energy Innovation Hubs are multi-disciplinary meant to advance highly promising areas of energy science and technology from their early stages of research to the point that the risk level will be low enough for industry to commercialize the technologies.[27] The Consortium for Advanced Simulation of Light Water Reactors (CASL) was the first DOE Energy Innovation Hub established in July 2010, for the purpose of providing advanced modeling and simulation (M&S) solutions for commercial nuclear reactors.[citation needed]

The 2009 DOE budget includes $280 million to fund eight Energy Innovation Hubs, each of which is focused on a particular energy challenge. Two of the eight hubs are included in the EERE budget and will focus on integrating smart materials, designs, and systems into buildings to better conserve energy and on designing and discovering new concepts and materials needed to convert solar energy into electricity. Another two hubs, included in the DOE Office of Science budget, were created to tackle the challenges of devising advanced methods of energy storage and creating fuels directly from sunlight without the use of plants or microbes. Yet another hub was made to develop "smart" materials to allow the electrical grid to adapt and respond to changing conditions.[27]

In 2012, The DOE awarded $120 million to the Ames Laboratory to start a new EIH, the Critical Materials Institute, which will focus on improving the supply of rare earth elements, which is controlled by China.[30]

Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy[edit]

ARPA-E was officially created by the America COMPETES Act , authored by Congressman Bart Gordon,[31] within the United States Department of Energy (DOE) in 2007, though without a budget. The initial budget of about $400 million was a part of the economic stimulus bill of February 2009.[32]

Other[edit]

List of Secretaries of Energy[edit]

# Name Term President served
Start End
1 James R. Schlesinger August 6, 1977 August 23, 1979 Jimmy Carter
2 Charles W. Duncan, Jr. August 24, 1979 January 20, 1981
3 James B. Edwards January 23, 1981 November 5, 1982 Ronald Reagan
4 Donald Paul Hodel November 5, 1982 February 7, 1985
5 John S. Herrington February 7, 1985 January 20, 1989
6 James D. Watkins March 1, 1989 January 20, 1993 George H. W. Bush
7 Hazel R. O'Leary January 22, 1993 January 20, 1997 Bill Clinton
8 Federico F. Peña March 12, 1997 June 30, 1998
9 Bill Richardson August 18, 1998 January 20, 2001
10 Spencer Abraham January 20, 2001 January 31, 2005 George W. Bush
11 Samuel W. Bodman February 1, 2005 January 20, 2009
12 Steven Chu January 21, 2009 April 22, 2013 Barack Obama
13 Ernest Moniz May 16, 2013 January 20, 2017
14 Rick Perry March 2, 2017 Incumbent Donald Trump

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Service, Partnership for Public. "Department of Energy". bestplacestowork.org. Retrieved December 25, 2016. 
  2. ^ "The Budget for Fiscal Year 2015" (PDF). Department of Energy. Retrieved December 6, 2016. 
  3. ^ "Genomes to Life, Black Bag" (PDF). U.S. Department of Energy. 
  4. ^ "NSF Science and Engineering Indicators 2012". National Science Foundation. 
  5. ^ Davenport, Coral (2017-03-02). "Senate Confirms Rick Perry as Energy Secretary". The New York Times. 
  6. ^ "Manhattan Project | Department of Energy". energy.gov. Retrieved July 11, 2016. 
  7. ^ Gosling, F. G. (January 2010). "The Manhattan Project: Making the Atomic Bomb" (PDF). Department of Energy. Retrieved July 11, 2016. 
  8. ^ National Lead Company of Ohio, Contract Operator of the Feed Materials Production Center for the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission. The Feed Materials Production Center. NCLO-950. n. d.
  9. ^ Department of Energy, Office of Legacy Management. "End of Secrecy". Retrieved 27 December 2016. 
  10. ^ U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Legacy Management. "History of the Fernand Site". Retrieved 27 December 2016. 
  11. ^ [1] ' 'Time Magazine' ' (May 7, 1973),
  12. ^ Smith, William D. (17 April 1973). "Energy Crisis: Shortages Amid Plenty". The New York Times. New York. Archived from the original on 17 April 1973. Retrieved 5 September 2016. 
  13. ^ Welles, Chris (25 February 1973). "The Energy Crisis". The New York Times. New York. Archived from the original on 25 February 1973. Retrieved 5 September 2016. 
  14. ^ Relyea, Harold; Thomas P. Carr (2003). The executive branch, creation and reorganization. Nova Publishers. p. 29. 
  15. ^ Plotz, David (June 23, 2000). "Energy Secretary Bill Richardson". Slate.com. Retrieved November 7, 2008. 
  16. ^ Mears, Bill (May 22, 2006). "Deal in Wen Ho Lee case may be imminent". CNN. Retrieved November 7, 2008. 
  17. ^ "State Energy Advisory Board resolution" (PDF). US Department of Energy. Retrieved 26 May 2017. 
  18. ^ Toyota Sponsors World's Longest Solar Car Race
  19. ^ "Department of Energy – Loan Guarantee Program". Lgprogram.energy.gov. December 31, 2006. Archived from the original on February 1, 2010. Retrieved August 25, 2009. 
  20. ^ "EERE News: DOE Offers $535 Million Loan Guarantee to Solyndra, Inc". Apps1.eere.energy.gov. March 20, 2009. Retrieved August 25, 2009. 
  21. ^ Institute To Strengthen Security for Nuclear Materials, Security Products magazine, September 30, 2008
  22. ^ Wolff, Eric (March 29, 2017). "Energy Department climate office bans use of phrase ‘climate change’". Politico. Retrieved March 30, 2017. 
  23. ^ Dwibhashyam, Pavitra (March 30, 2017). "US Energy Department tells staff not to use words like climate change and Paris agreement". International Business Times. Retrieved March 30, 2017. 
  24. ^ "Code of Federal Regulations, Title 10- Energy, PART 1002 - OFFICIAL SEAL AND DISTINGUISHING FLAG". U.S. Department of Energy. 
  25. ^ Office of Fossil Energy, accessed January 22, 2017
  26. ^ http://www.hanford.gov/orp/
  27. ^ a b c "EERE News: DOE Requests $2.3 Billion for Efficiency, Renewable Energy in FY 2010". Apps1.eere.energy.gov. May 13, 2009. Retrieved August 25, 2009. 
  28. ^ "Department of Energy: FY 2014 Congressional Budget Request" (PDF). Department of Energy – Office of the Chief Financial Officer. April 2013. 
  29. ^ "EERE News: DOE Awards 16 Contracts for Energy Savings at Federal Facilities". Apps1.eere.energy.gov. January 7, 2009. Retrieved August 25, 2009. 
  30. ^ "US spots $120M for lab to tackle rare earth shortages". Networkworld.com. January 9, 2013. Retrieved January 16, 2013. 
  31. ^ https://www.congress.gov/bill/111th-congress/house-bill/5325?q=%7B%22search%22%3A%5B%22America+Competes+Act+2007%22%5D%7D
  32. ^ George Leopold. "Stimulus: Energy Department scrambles to build new R&D agency". EE Times. Retrieved August 14, 2011. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]


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