U.S. Route 19
1,438 mi (2,315 km)
– present [1 ]
/ US 41 in US 41 Bus. Memphis, FL
near I‑10 Monticello, FL
/ I‑20 / I‑75 in I‑85 Atlanta, GA
/ I‑26 in I‑40 Asheville, NC
in I‑81 Bristol, VA
/ I‑64 near I‑77 Beckley, WV
I‑79 (numerous locations)
in I-70 Washington, PA
/ I-76 in Penna Turnpike Warrendale, PA near I-80 Mercer, PA
near I-90 Erie, PA
in Erie, PA US 20
U.S. Route 19 ( US 19) is a north–south U.S. Highway. Despite encroaching Interstate Highways, the route has remained a long-haul route, connecting the Gulf of Mexico with Lake Erie.
The highway's southern terminus is at
Memphis, Florida, which is just south of St. Petersburg at an intersection with U.S. Route 41. Its northern terminus is in Erie, Pennsylvania, at an intersection with U.S. Route 20 about two miles (3 km) from the shores of Lake Erie. [2 ]
The length of the highway is 1,438 miles (2,314 km), including both U.S. Route 19E/U.S. Route 19W paths through
North Carolina and Tennessee. [3 ] [4 ] [5 ] [6 ] [7 ] [8 ] [9 ] [10 ] [11 ]
Route description [ edit ]
Florida [ edit ]
US 19 Florida red shield (1956-1993)
US 19 runs 264 miles (425 km) along
Florida's west coast from an interchange with US 41 in Memphis, Florida, south of St. Petersburg, and continues to the Georgia border north of Monticello, Florida. US 19 remains independent of I-75, even as the routes converge in the Tampa Bay Area. The route is co-signed with I-275 over the Sunshine Skyway Bridge, a cable-stayed bridge over the mouth of Tampa Bay, US 98 between Chassahowitzka and Perry, US 27 Alt. between Chiefland and Perry, and US 27 between and Perry and Capps.
The "secret" designation for US 19 in Florida, between
Memphis and Perry, is SR 55. Between Perry and Capps, it follows SR 20, and between Capps and the Georgia border, it follows State Road 57.
According to a
study, part of US 19 in Florida is the most dangerous road in the United States. A Dateline NBC Highway Patrol test period beginning in 1998 and ending in 2003, as mandated by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, showed the stretch of US 19 from Pasco County to Pinellas County to average approximately 52 deaths a year, or 262 deaths in the 5-year duration of the study. 100 of these deaths were pedestrian related making US 19 the #1 worst road to walk on in these two counties. Multiple efforts to improve US 19 have been suggested to the FDOT, among them, an overpass strictly for left-turn lanes. [12 ] [13 ]
Currently, US 19 between Clearwater and Pinellas Park is getting a freeway-style upgrade due to the cancellation of an extension of
Interstate 375 in the late 1970s. [14 ] [15 ]
Georgia [ edit ]
US 19 pursues an independent path in Georgia, with
Interstate 75 as much as 50 miles (80 km) away.
From the north side of the state, the first town it passes through is
Blairsville. After about 37 miles (60 km) of extremely curvy road, it arrives in Dahlonega, where it becomes concurrent with SR 400. Prior to the realignment to become concurrent with SR 400, US 19 was what is now known as SR 9; traveling through the town centers of Dawsonville, Cumming, Alpharetta, and Roswell. Most of this section (US 19/SR 400) is a limited access highway with 2 lanes in each direction, becoming 4-lanes in each direction as the highway travels through the northern suburbs of Atlanta.
At the junction with
I-285's north side, it once again switches to become concurrent with SR 9 (Roswell Road), about 1.5 miles (2.4 km) west. It follows Roswell Road south through the city of Sandy Springs and enters Atlanta from the north side of the city. After several miles, it intersects with SR 141 in Buckhead. This is also where Roswell Road ends and becomes Peachtree Street. After continuing south on Peachtree Street, it becomes Spring Street in Midtown. It turns west onto 14th Street for a few miles and then turns south again and becomes concurrent with US 41 through Downtown Atlanta and Metropolitan Parkway (formerly Stewart Avenue) through the south side of the city.
Once it leaves Atlanta, it continues south through
Clayton County where it joins SR 3 (Tara Boulevard). It then proceeds through the western tip of Henry County, passing through Hampton, home of the Atlanta Motor Speedway. It then proceeds south to Griffin and splits from US 41. It continues south, passing through Zebulon, Barnesville, Thomaston, Butler, Ellaville, Americus, and Albany before exiting Georgia just south of Thomasville.
North Carolina [ edit ]
US 19 is co-signed with US 129 from the Georgia line to
Murphy, then is co-signed with US 74, as well as US 129 as far as Graham County. US 19 and US 74 are co-signed as far as Ela, after which US 74 veers south, leaving US 19 to head into the Great Smoky Mountains. US 19 passes through the Eastern Cherokee Indian Reservation. For a brief time, US 19 is co-signed with US 276. Then US 19 is co-signed with US 23 from Lake Junaluska to Mars Hill (and with US 70 in Asheville), which closely parallels I-40 and then Future I-26.
Just north of
Mars Hill, US 19 continues solo to Cane River, where US 19 splits: US 19E towards Burnsville and US 19W towards Erwin, Tennessee.
U.S. Route 19E [ edit ]
U.S. Route 19E
Traversing 75.9 miles (122.1 km) from
Cane River, North Carolina to Bluff City, Tennessee, US 19E first goes east to Burnsville and Spruce Pine, then north along the banks of the North Toe River to Cranberry and Elk Park, before crossing the North Carolina/ Tennessee state line. Heading northeast, it goes through Roan Mountain, Hampton and Elizabethton, rendezvousing with US 19W in Bluff City.
U.S. Route 19W [ edit ]
U.S. Route 19W
Traversing 62.6 miles (100.7 km) from
Cane River, North Carolina to Bluff City, Tennessee, US 19W goes immediately north along the banks of the Cane River to the communities of Ramseytown and Sioux, then northwest through the Unaka Range, crossing the North Carolina/ Tennessee state line. At Ernestville, US 19W joins with I-26/ US 23 and proceeds through Erwin, Unicoi and Johnson City. In Johnson City, it switches partners to US 11E along Bristol Highway, rendezvousing with US 19E in Bluff City.
Tennessee [ edit ]
US 19 starts again in
Bluff City, heading northeast along the Volunteer Parkway (and concurrency with US 11E) to Bristol. In downtown Bristol, US 19 crosses the Tennessee/ Virginia state line on State Street.
Virginia [ edit ]
US 19 goes northeast from
Bristol, parallel to I-81, until Abingdon. It then heads north to Lebanon, through the Clinch Mountains, then northeast again through the towns of Claypool Hill, Tazewell, and then finally to Bluefield, where it enters West Virginia.
West Virginia [ edit ]
US 19 enters
West Virginia as a four-lane highway in Bluefield, where it narrows to two lanes as it winds northward. It later parallels I-77/ I-64 until it reaches Beckley, where it goes northeasterly on an expressway-grade four-lane highway. Crossing the New River via the New River Gorge Bridge near Fayetteville, it passes through Summersville and Birch River before arriving at I-79, 5-mile (8.0 km) south of Sutton. From there, it runs concurrent with I-79 from exit 57 to exit 67 at Flatwoods. Then, it exits and reverts to a two-lane highway, more or less following the route of I-79 as it passes through Weston, Clarksburg, Fairmont, and Morgantown before crossing into Pennsylvania.
US 19 through
Summersville, West Virginia has been dubbed the "world's largest speed trap." [16 ]
Pennsylvania [ edit ]
US 19 is closely paralleled by
I-79 for its entire length. From the state line, it goes north to Washington and then through Pittsburgh. In downtown Pittsburgh, US 19 crosses the Ohio River via West End Bridge. In Cranberry Township, north of Pittsburgh, US 19 shares a major junction between I-76 ( Pennsylvania Turnpike) and I-79, via the Cranberry Connector. US 19 crosses I-80 in the East Lackawannock Township. Near Erie, it crosses I-90 before going through the downtown area, ending at US 20 (26th Street).
ADHS corridors [ edit ]
US 19 overlaps with three corridors that are part of the
Appalachian Development Highway System (ADHS), which is part of Appalachian Regional Commission (ARC). Passed in 1965, the purpose of ADHS is to generate economic development in previously isolated areas, supplement the interstate system, connect Appalachia to the interstate system, and provide access to areas within the Region as well as to markets in the rest of the nation. [17 ]
Corridor K – From I-75, in Cleveland, Tennessee, to US 23, in Dillsboro, North Carolina. US 19 overlaps from US 64/ US 74, near Murphy, to US 74 ( Great Smoky Mountains Expressway), near Bryson City. The routing is a four-lane limited-access road from near Murphy to Andrews; the rest is two-lane through the Nantahala Gorge. Future plans include building a new four-lane limited-access road from Andrews, through Robbinsville, to Stecoah, bypassing the Nantahala Gorge. [19 ]
Corridor Q – From US 23/ US 119, in Shelbiana, Kentucky, to I-81, near Christiansburg, Virginia. US 19 overlaps from US 460, in Claypool Hill, Virginia, to US 460, in Princeton, West Virginia. The entire route is a mostly divided four lane limited-access road with interchanges at major intersections. [21 ] [20 ]
History [ edit ]
This section needs additional citations for . verification (January 2015)
This section requires expansion. (January 2015)
Prior to US Highway Numbering System, US 19 was
West Virginia Route 4.
In North Carolina, US 19 was
NC 10 from the Georgia state line to Asheville, NC 29 from Asheville to Madison County, NC 69 to a point near the Tennessee state line, and either NC 194 or NC 694 for a short distance south of the Tennessee state line.
The original US 19 in
Yancey, Mitchell, and Avery Counties mostly followed the route now designated US 19E. US 19W in Yancey County was US 19-23 in 1935, and what is now US 19E was US 19A. The US 19E and US 19W designations have been used since 1930.
US 19 first entered Florida in 1929. It underwent two route shifts, the first in 1933 and the second in 1946, which adjusted it to its current alignment. US 19 was extended to its southern terminus of Memphis in September 1954, when the original Sunshine Skyway Bridge opened to traffic.
Prior to 1948, US 19 between
Ela and Waynesville essentially followed the route of present-day US 74. Then, this road was called US 19 Alternate (US 19-A) and the section of NC 28 From Ela to Cherokee and the section of NC 293 from Cherokee to near Waynesville became US 19. Improvements were made, including a new section of highway west of Lake Junaluska.
Around 1956, US 19-23 was widened to four lanes from Lake Junaluska to
By 1970, a section of US 19 west of
Murphy, also designated US 64 (and later US 74), was widened to four lanes. [22 ]
In January 1983, after improvements to US 19-A had made it similar to an
Interstate Highway, the state proposed designating US 19-A as US 19 Bypass. At one point, changing US 19-A to US 19 was considered, but businesses in Maggie Valley opposed the idea of their highway being changed to US 19-A. US 19-A became the Great Smoky Mountains Expressway. [23 ]
The planned St. Petersburg–Clearwater Expressway, or Pinellas Beltway, would have followed the current alignment of "Alt 19" from
I-275 to Clearwater, Florida. The intersection of Seminole Boulevard and Bay Pines Boulevard is a remnant of this proposed road. The beltway road was proposed in 1974, but it was dead by 1980. [24 ]
Major intersections [ edit ]
in US 41 Memphis
in I-275 Terra Ceia. The highways travel concurrently to St. Petersburg.
in US 98 Sugarmill Woods. The highways travel concurrently to Perry.
in US 129 Chiefland
in US 221 Perry
in Perry. The highways travel concurrently to US 27 Capps.
north-northeast of Capps I-10
in US 90 Monticello
east of US 84 Thomasville. The highways travel concurrently to northeast of Thomasville.
in US 82 Albany. The highways travel concurrently through the city.
southwest of US 280 Americus. The highways travel concurrently to Americus.
southwest of US 80 Salem. The highways travel concurrently for approximately 2.1 miles (3.4 km).
south of US 41 Griffin. The highways travel concurrently to Atlanta.
west of I-75 Morrow
in I-285 Forest Park
on the I-75 Atlanta– Hapeville city line
in Atlanta I-85
in Atlanta. The highways travel concurrently through the city. US 29
/ US 29 / US 78 in Atlanta. US 19/US 78/US 278 travel concurrently through the city. US 278
in I-285 Sandy Springs. The highways travel concurrently through the city.
in US 129 Turners Corner. The highways travel concurrently to Topton, North Carolina.
in US 76 Blairsville.
/ US 64 in US 74 Ranger. US 19/US 64 travel concurrently to Murphy. US 19/US 74 travel concurrently to southwest of Bryson City.
in US 441 Cherokee. The highways travel concurrently through the city.
in US 276 Dellwood. The highways travel concurrently to Lake Junaluska.
/ US 23 in Lake Junaluska. US 19/US 23 travel concurrently to northeast of US 74 Mars Hill. US 19/US 74 travel concurrently to west of Clyde.
/ I-40 in US 74 Asheville
/ Future I-26 in Asheville. I-26/US 19 travel concurrently to northeast of I-240 Mars Hill. I-240/US 19 travel concurrently through the city.
/ I-240 in Asheville. US 19/US 70 travel concurrently to US 70 Weaverville.
in US 25 Woodfin. The highways travel concurrently to Weaverville.
/ US 19E in US 19W Cane River
/ US 11E / US 19E in US 19W Bluff City. US 11E/US 19 travel concurrently to Bristol, Virginia.
in US 421 Bristol. The highways travel concurrently to Bristol, Virginia.
in US 11 Bristol. The highways travel concurrently to Abingdon.
/ I-81 in Bristol US 58
in US 460 Claypool Hill. The highways travel concurrently to Bluefield.
in US 52 Bluefield. The highways travel concurrently through the city.
northeast of Bluefield. The highways travel concurrently to southwest of US 460 Princeton.
south-southeast of I-77 Camp Creek
in US 60 Hico
south-southwest of I-79 Sutton. The highways travel concurrently to south-southwest of Flatwoods.
northwest of I-79 Walkersville
/ US 33 in US 119 Weston. The highways travel concurrently through the city.
in US 50 Clarksburg
in US 250 Fairmont. The highways travel concurrently through the city.
southwest of I-79 Westover
in US 119 Morgantown
in I-79 Washington Township
in I-79 South Strabane Township
in South Strabane Township. The highways travel concurrently to US 40 Washington.
/ I-70 in South Strabane Township I-79
/ I-376 / US 22 in US 30 Pittsburgh.
in I-79 Marshall Township
in I-76 Cranberry Township
south of I-79 Zelienople
in US 422 Muddy Creek Township
in I-80 Findley Township
in US 62 Mercer. The highways travel concurrently to north of Mercer.
/ US 6 in US 322 Vernon Township. US 6/US 19 travel concurrently to LeBoeuf Township. US 19/US 322 travel concurrently to Meadville.
in Vernon Township I-79
/ US 6 in US 6N LeBoeuf Township
in I-90 Summit Township
in US 20 Erie
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ US Highways from US 1 to US 830 Robert V. Droz
^ "Endpoints of US highways" . Retrieved . October 6, 2014
^ a b Google, Inc. "US 19 in Florida". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc . http://maps.google.com/maps?f=d&source=s_d&saddr=S+Tamiami+Trail&daddr=27.98161,-82.72962+to:30.411,-83.911+to:FL-57+S%2FUS-19+S&geocode=FTBNpAEd9CkU-w%3BFSr3qgEdbKUR-ykLYrQOJu7CiDFbT_ILQVL-tw%3BFfgI0AEdqJ7_-indR8nYvz_siDFRN-66WvrO1w%3BFUbp0wEdLBoA-w&hl=en&mra=dvme&mrcr=0&mrsp=2&sz=12&via=1,2&sll=30.396272,-83.903618&sspn=0.217953,0.244446&ie=UTF8&ll=29.128172,-83.17749&spn=3.531281,3.911133&z=8 . Retrieved January 30, 2011.
^ a b Google, Inc. "US 19 in Georgia". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc . http://maps.google.com/maps?f=d&source=s_d&saddr=GA-3+N%2FGA-300+N%2FUS-19+N%2FState+Route+333&daddr=31.52046,-84.11546+to:32.70554,-84.245+to:33.6030101,-84.3798657+to:33.6301092,-84.3859127+to:33.644692,-84.3900728+to:33.6628229,-84.4090788+to:33.7702519,-84.4046442+to:33.78609,-84.40745+to:33.78667,-84.38781+to:33.88396,-84.3804+to:GA-11+N%2FUS-129+N%2FUS-19+N%2FMurphy+Hwy&geocode=FZ3u0wEdnhcA-w%3BFcz24AEd_H_8-imJKj20PXjyiDECL4vcmy6-ww%3BFQQM8wEd-IX6-inPQP0Xvp3ziDGM8v_3uH3oqw%3BFcK9AAIdJ3f4-inNYNnxQfz0iDGHjA0LVR2Psg%3BFZ0nAQIdiF_4-inr-IMAsv30iDG2wkO7-fhLFw%3BFZRgAQIdSE_4-in59Sg1ov30iDHkehwDeFgvRQ%3BFWanAQIdCgX4-imxPuGOZP30iDF9Gig_wwQvMA%3BFQtLAwIdXBb4-inLyh99hQT1iDEO4KkeEM_crQ%3BFeqIAwIdZgv4-ikjL-GR7QT1iDGHmKZUh1-dfw%3BFS6LAwIdHlj4-ikZOYKBWwT1iDE9wDcMWJ8HIQ%3BFTgHBQIdEHX4-imBPsx9GQ_1iDEeViQhxqZyiQ%3BFYDRFQId4iX9-g&hl=en&mra=dme&mrcr=0&mrsp=11&sz=11&via=1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10&sll=34.815495,-83.946533&sspn=0.414907,0.488892&ie=UTF8&ll=32.667125,-84.25415&spn=6.80455,7.822266&z=7 . Retrieved January 30, 2011.
^ a b Google, Inc. "US 19 in North Carolina". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc . https://maps.google.com/maps?saddr=US-129+N%2FUS-19+N&daddr=35.4005379,-83.4745578+to:35.4473861,-83.4010356+to:35.4906439,-83.1636484+to:35.5318808,-82.8650653+to:35.5451635,-82.6787323+to:35.5732312,-82.6163647+to:US-19E+N&hl=en&ll=35.373375,-82.924805&spn=1.930451,3.56781&sll=35.426966,-83.403225&sspn=0.120576,0.222988&geocode=FSndFQIdZyP9-g%3BFVkrHAIdg0cG-ymbcrAO0ElZiDHxgO11WOFmJQ%3BFVriHAIdtWYH-ylJsY4gOUZZiDGF_cViwgOVXg%3BFVOLHQIdAAYL-ym3rhqoMmlZiDGHSc4dSuprRg%3BFWgsHgIdV5QP-ykJ3vPo1IJZiDEkBUC24WO-Rw%3BFUtgHgIdNGwS-ymRvb0QRo5ZiDE23MZwRITB9g%3BFe_NHgId1F8T-ym10Q7dRIxZiDG-7S_S0biEUg%3BFRT-IwId7LcW-w&mra=dvme&mrsp=2&sz=13&via=1,2,3,4,5,6&t=p&z=9 . Retrieved July 2, 2014.
^ a b Google, Inc. "U.S. Route 19E". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc . https://maps.google.com/maps?saddr=US-19+N&daddr=US-19E+N+to:TN-37+N%2FUS-19E+N&hl=en&sll=35.91745,-82.389307&sspn=0.027387,0.038581&geocode=FRj-IwIdELcW-w%3BFSrpJwId18oc-w%3BFe0_LAIdp3wY-w&t=h&mra=ps&z=10 . Retrieved August 26, 2011.
^ a b Google, Inc. "U.S. Route 19W". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc . http://maps.google.com/maps?f=d&source=s_d&saddr=US-19+S&daddr=35.949,-82.38278+to:TN-34+N%2FUS-11E+N&geocode=FXz-IwIdjLcW-w%3BFciJJAIdRPAW-yktfH3V9Q1aiDESsGhvFVzJfQ%3BFQhHLAIdDmsY-w&hl=en&mra=dpe&mrcr=0&mrsp=1&sz=13&via=1&sll=35.916721,-82.384243&sspn=0.102321,0.122223&ie=UTF8&ll=36.174465,-82.361755&spn=0.815892,0.977783&z=10 . Retrieved January 30, 2011.
^ a b Google, Inc. "US 19 in Tennessee". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc . https://maps.google.com/maps?saddr=US-11E+N%2FUS-19+N%2FUS-19W+N&daddr=Volunteer+Pkwy&hl=en&ll=36.51074,-82.193871&spn=0.237864,0.445976&sll=36.59478,-82.186543&sspn=0.007425,0.013937&geocode=FcBHLAIdK2sY-w%3BFW9lLgIdgOYZ-w&mra=me&mrsp=1,0&sz=17&t=p&z=12 . Retrieved July 2, 2014.
^ a b Google, Inc. "US 19 in Virginia". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc . http://maps.google.com/maps?f=d&source=s_d&saddr=US-11E+N%2FUS-19+N%2FVA-381+N%2FCommonwealth+Ave&daddr=36.63137,-82.13751+to:36.6379431,-82.112464+to:36.66423,-82.06884+to:36.69106,-82.02437+to:US-19+N%2FTrail+of+the+Lonesome+Pine%2FVirginia+Ave&geocode=FUpmLgIdi-YZ-w%3BFUrzLgIdWq4a-ylX94ihcnRQiDGH-6Ey-Z4DhA%3BFfcMLwIdMBAb-ym7Rle4kHNQiDGCc1lvpPCWyA%3BFaZzLwIdmLob-ylJdxRH6XJQiDHoABq6fw63LA%3BFXTcLwIdTmgc-ykHiGuQsxJQiDGjgpWtTOWT_Q%3BFY5-OAIdBxoo-w&hl=en&mra=dpe&mrcr=0&mrsp=1&sz=14&via=1,2,3,4&sll=36.622554,-82.136793&sspn=0.0507,0.061111&ie=UTF8&ll=36.85545,-81.823425&spn=1.61747,1.955566&z=9 . Retrieved January 30, 2011.
^ a b Google, Inc. "US 19 in West Virginia". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc . http://maps.google.com/maps?f=d&source=s_d&saddr=Bluefield+Ave&daddr=37.44748,-81.1102+to:37.59722,-81.1036+to:37.6958321,-81.1000324+to:37.78195,-81.16792+to:38.8793567,-80.4360208+to:39.06436,-80.44866+to:39.16946,-80.44705+to:39.37066,-80.31319+to:39.60254,-80.08175+to:I-79+N&geocode=FfZ-OAIdvBso-w%3BFThnOwIdSFsq-ym_1CSB8WhOiDGuAXuGDoVuAg%3BFSSwPQIdEHUq-ylz8v-vDmFOiDEK68MadfjiLQ%3BFVgxPwIdAIMq-ylJf114t4tOiDFySNI3eHQ-fQ%3BFb6BQAId0Hkp-yn1QpKw0_JOiDF98399eCt5vQ%3BFXxAUQIdzKQ0-yl9TVyFmbVLiDGpz4yn284Csg%3BFSgTVAIdbHM0-ylvUqvjJUhKiDGfpyaViBVQMQ%3BFbStVQIdtnk0-ynHRmPIUEdKiDEydPAf5hHedA%3BFaS_WAIdmoQ2-ymdKF6qB29KiDF9rUgzLHfo3Q%3BFWxJXAIdqgw6-yk7G7Pgdn81iDE4-ohg7Pcn4Q%3BFX4YXgIddFw6-w&hl=en&mra=dpe&mrcr=0&mrsp=1&sz=12&via=1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9&sll=37.425252,-81.123047&sspn=0.200669,0.244446&ie=UTF8&ll=38.565348,-80.507812&spn=3.161042,3.911133&z=8 . Retrieved January 30, 2011.
^ "MSNBC report on America's deadliest roads". MSNBC. June 7, 2005 . Retrieved . April 21, 2007
^ Suncoast News Taking the High Road by Carl Orth; August 4, 2001
^ "Florida @ SouthEastRoads - U.S. Highway 19". Southeastroads.com. July 5, 2008 . Retrieved . 2012-08-15
^ "U.S. 19 - Improvements for the Future". Myus19.com . Retrieved . 2012-08-15
^ Anya Sostek (November 20, 2005). "Speed trap or safety measure? Summersville, W. Va., police wrote 10,000 tickets in 2004". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette . Retrieved . January 10, 2008
^ "Appalachian Development Highway System". Appalachian Regional Commission . Retrieved . June 30, 2014
^ a b "Status of Corridors in Georgia" (PDF). Appalachian Regional Commission. September 30, 2013 . Retrieved . July 3, 2014
^ "Status of Corridors in North Carolina" (PDF). Appalachian Regional Commission. September 30, 2013 . Retrieved . July 3, 2014
^ a b "Status of Corridors in West Virginia" (PDF). Appalachian Regional Commission. September 30, 2013 . Retrieved . July 3, 2014
^ "Status of Corridors in Virginia" (PDF). Appalachian Regional Commission. September 30, 2013 . Retrieved . July 3, 2014
^ "NCRoads.com: U.S. 19" . Retrieved . November 19, 2009
^ Doris Burrell, "Expressway: State Makes It Official," , January 20, 1984. The Mountaineer
^ "Pinellas Beltway/St. Petersburg Clearwater Expressway reference" . Retrieved . October 6, 2014
External links [ edit ]