UAZ-452 (УАЗ-452) (nicknamed Bukhanka (Bread loaf), Tabletka (Pill) or Golovastik (Tadpole)) is a family of unique off-roadvans produced at the Ulyanovsk Automobile Plant. In March 2011 this car has upgraded on specific models: 39625, 3962 and 2206. Added were ABS brakes, power steering, seat belts and Euro-4 engine as standard.
Because of the external similarities with a loaf of bread, the van became known as Буханка (Bukhanka, "loaf") or Таблетка (Tabletka, "pill") in Russian. The car is produced in several modifications, with the main difference being the body type (e.g. UAZ-3741 "Bukhanka" van, and UAZ 3303 "Golovastik" ("tadpole") pickup truck). The body of the van is normally equipped with two front doors, a single-wing door on the right side and a double-wing door in the rear, although the exact configuration can vary depending on the specific modification. Notable in the van are the fuel ports on the left and the right side of the van, leading to two separate fuel tanks. The engine, placed between the left hand driver and the front-seat passenger, is from the GAZ-21.
UAZ-452A – ambulance, popularly nicknamed the "таблетка" ("capsule" or "pill"). The car could seat up to 4 stretchers or 6 on the benches and one accompanying both. The nurse was not comfortable when moving as the suspension remained that of the standard model, but was the only ambulance that can reach the most remote places.
UAZ-452AS – ambulance for Arctic areas
UAZ-452AE – chassis cab for installation of various equipment
UAZ-452V – convertible van wagon
UAZ-452D – a truck with double cab and wooden body
UAZ-452G – ambulance with different capacity from the UAZ-452A
UAZ-452K – experimental 16-seater three-axle bus (6×4) (1973).
UAZ-3303 (UAZ452D) Golovastik – pickup truck with a 2-person all-metal cab
UAZ-3741 – all-metal cargo van capable of carrying loads up to 850 kg
UAZ-3909 – "фермер" (farmer), Combi which carries 6 passengers and 450 kg of cargo; the rear compartment is separated from the front (driver's) row with a window).
UAZ-3909i – military ambulance with a red cross on the roof and the bonnet
UAZ-3962 – "sanitarka" ambulance, can accommodate up to 9 people, or the equivalent load.
UAZ-39625 – strict passenger and cargo version of the UAZ-3962
UAZ-39094 – crewcab pickup truck with a 10 cm metal platform with a wooden floor equipped with a removable frame tent and awning, 3 dropsides. Cargo bed replaceable by utility and special service bodies.