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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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City of Ukiah
City
Location in Mendocino County and the State of California
Location in Mendocino County and the State of California
Coordinates: 39°09′01″N 123°12′28″W / 39.15028°N 123.20778°W / 39.15028; -123.20778Coordinates: 39°09′01″N 123°12′28″W / 39.15028°N 123.20778°W / 39.15028; -123.20778
Country United States
State California
County Mendocino
Government
 • Type Council-manager
 • Mayor Benj Thomas
 • City Manager Jane Chambers
Area[1]
 • Total 4.722 sq mi (12.232 km2)
 • Land 4.670 sq mi (12.096 km2)
 • Water 0.052 sq mi (0.136 km2)  1.11%
Elevation[2] 639 ft (193 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 16,075
 • Density 3,400/sq mi (1,300/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 95482 and 95418
Area code(s) 707
FIPS code 06-81134
GNIS feature ID 277623
Website http://www.cityofukiah.com

Ukiah (/juːˈk.ə/ yew-KY; formerly Ukiah City)[3] is the county seat and largest city of Mendocino County, California. With its accessible location (along the U.S. Route 101 corridor several miles south of CA 20), Ukiah serves as the city center for Mendocino County and much of neighboring Lake County. In 1996, Ukiah was ranked the #1 best small town to live in California and the sixth-best place to live in the United States.[4] The population was 16,075 at the 2010 census.

Geography[edit]

Ukiah is located in the Ukiah Valley at 39°09′01″N 123°12′28″W / 39.15028°N 123.20778°W / 39.15028; -123.20778, with an elevation of 633 ft (193 m) above sea level.[2]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city covers an area of 4.7 square miles (12 km2), 98.89% of it land, and 1.11% of it water.

Climate[edit]

Ukiah has a temperate Mediterranean climate. Average rainfall for the area is 36.96 in (939 mm) per year. Measurable precipitation occurs on an average of 82.1 days per year. The greatest monthly precipitation was 24.76 in (628.9 mm) in January 1995 and the greatest 24-hour precipitation was 6.18 in (157.0 mm) on December 22, 1964. Light snowfall occurs about every other year. The greatest recorded snowfall was 1.5 in (3.8 cm) on March 2, 1976.

Climate data for Ukiah, California (1981–2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 82
(28)
86
(30)
93
(34)
98
(37)
105
(41)
114
(46)
114
(46)
114
(46)
115
(46)
105
(41)
92
(33)
86
(30)
115
(46)
Average high °F (°C) 56.2
(13.4)
59.8
(15.4)
64.6
(18.1)
68.9
(20.5)
75.7
(24.3)
82.7
(28.2)
90.5
(32.5)
89.9
(32.2)
85.9
(29.9)
76.0
(24.4)
61.8
(16.6)
54.9
(12.7)
72.3
(22.4)
Average low °F (°C) 37.4
(3)
39.2
(4)
40.6
(4.8)
42.8
(6)
47.5
(8.6)
52.6
(11.4)
56.2
(13.4)
54.9
(12.7)
51.6
(10.9)
46.3
(7.9)
40.7
(4.8)
37.0
(2.8)
45.6
(7.6)
Record low °F (°C) 12
(−11)
18
(−8)
22
(−6)
23
(−5)
28
(−2)
35
(2)
39
(4)
38
(3)
30
(−1)
24
(−4)
19
(−7)
13
(−11)
12
(−11)
Precipitation inches (mm) 7.41
(188.2)
6.99
(177.5)
5.42
(137.7)
2.62
(66.5)
1.49
(37.8)
.37
(9.4)
.02
(0.5)
.09
(2.3)
.43
(10.9)
2.11
(53.6)
5.07
(128.8)
7.91
(200.9)
39.93
(1,014.2)
Source: [5]

The average high temperature is 73.5 °F (23.1 °C). Average low temperature is 46.1 °F (7.8 °C). Temperatures reach 90 °F (32 °C) on an average of 65.6 days annually and 100 °F (37.8 °C) on an average of 14.4 days annually. Due to frequent low humidity, summer temperatures normally drop into the fifties at night. Freezing temperatures average 34.2 days per year. The record high temperature was 119 °F (48 °C) on July 22, 1995, and the record low temperature was 10 °F (−12 °C) on December 9, 1972. July is normally the hottest month with a normal high of 91.4 °F (33.0 °C) and a normal low of 55.3 °F (12.9 °C). December has normally the coldest temperatures with a normal high of 55.6 °F (13.1 °C) and a normal low of 36.2 °F (2.3 °C).[6]

History[edit]

This humorous spot of roadside Americana touts itself as the "World's Largest Redwood Tree Service Station" and is built largely from a massive section of Sequoia

When Ukiah was founded by S. Lowry in 1856,[3] it was part of Sonoma County. When the state legislature created Mendocino County in 1859, Ukiah was chosen as the county seat.

Ukiah is located within Rancho Yokaya, one of several Spanish colonial land grants in what was then called "Alta California". The Yokaya grant, which covered the majority of the Ukiah valley, was named after the Pomo word meaning "south valley". The Pomo were the indigenous people who occupied the area at the time of Spanish colonization. This word was also the basis for the city name, as Ukiah was an anglicized form of Yokaya.[7]

The first United States post office opened in 1858.[3] Ukiah incorporated in 1876.[3] In 1889 the San Francisco and North Pacific Railroad connected Ukiah to the national rail network.[8]

Hops were once a predominant crop grown around Ukiah. A refurbished hop kiln can be seen at the north end of Ukiah east of Highway 101, where many of the old fields were. Ukiah's 20th-century population developed in relation to the lumber boom of the late 1940s, with the logging of redwood being a major industry.

From 1965 - 1974, Jim Jones developed the congregation of his Peoples Temple in nearby Redwood Valley.[9][10] Many of these people accompanied him to South America, where they participated in the mass suicide at his colony of Jonestown in 1978.[11]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 933
1890 1,627 74.4%
1900 1,850 13.7%
1910 2,136 15.5%
1920 2,305 7.9%
1930 3,124 35.5%
1940 3,731 19.4%
1950 6,120 64.0%
1960 9,900 61.8%
1970 10,095 2.0%
1980 12,035 19.2%
1990 14,599 21.3%
2000 15,497 6.2%
2010 16,075 3.7%
source:[12]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[13] reported that Ukiah had a population of 16,075. The population density was 3,403.7 people per square mile (1,314.2/km²). The racial makeup of Ukiah was 11,592 (72.1%) White, 174 (1.1%) African American, 601 (3.7%) Native American, 412 (2.6%) Asian, 34 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 2,385 (14.8%) from other races, and 877 (5.5%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4,458 persons (27.7%).

The Census reported that 15,301 people (95.2% of the population) lived in households, 281 (1.7%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 493 (3.1%) were institutionalized.

There were 6,158 households, out of which 2,049 (33.3%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 2,317 (37.6%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 938 (15.2%) had a female householder with no husband present, 356 (5.8%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 484 (7.9%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 56 (0.9%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 2,064 households (33.5%) were made up of individuals and 919 (14.9%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48. There were 3,611 families (58.6% of all households); the average family size was 3.18.

The population was spread out with 3,981 people (24.8%) under the age of 18, 1,562 people (9.7%) aged 18 to 24, 4,184 people (26.0%) aged 25 to 44, 4,011 people (25.0%) aged 45 to 64, and 2,337 people (14.5%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.9 years. For every 100 females there were 92.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.3 males.

There were 6,488 housing units at an average density of 1,373.8 per square mile (530.4/km²), of which 2,673 (43.4%) were owner-occupied, and 3,485 (56.6%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.6%; the rental vacancy rate was 3.7%. 6,733 people (41.9% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 8,568 people (53.3%) lived in rental housing units.

2000[edit]

As of the census of 2000,[14] inside the city limits, there were 15,497 people in the city limits, 5,985 households, and 3,656 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,275/sq mi (1,265/km²). There were 6,137 housing units at an average density of 1,296/sq mi (501/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 79.5% White, 1.0% African American, 3.8% Native American, 1.7% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 9.7% from other races, and 4.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 19.3% of the population.

There were 5,985 households out of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.2% were married couples living together, 15.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.9% were non-families. 32.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.5% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 91.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,707, and the median income for a family was $39,524. Males had a median income of $31,608 versus $24,673 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,601. About 13.2% of families and 18.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.4% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.

As a community, Ukiah has roughly twice the number of people (including Redwood Valley, Potter Valley, Calpella, and Talmage) than the census reports. During the business day, an average of 40,000 people work inside the city limits, or in the business and residential neighborhoods to the north and south.

Politics[edit]

In the state legislature, Ukiah is in the 2nd Senate District, represented by Democrat Noreen Evans,[15] and the 2nd Assembly District, represented by Democrat Wesley Chesbro.[16]

Federally, Ukiah is in California's 2nd congressional district, represented by Democrat Jared Huffman.[17]

Ukiah is the tribal headquarters for both the Pinoleville Pomo Nation and the Potter Valley Tribe.[18]

Economy[edit]

Major employers in Ukiah include:[19]

Exports[edit]

Ukiah is known for wine production. The Ukiah vicinity is now home to some very large production wineries, including Brutocao, Fife, Parducci, Frey, and Bonterra. Ukiah vintners are known for innovating with organic and sustainable practices.

Ukiah was previously a major producer of pears. Alex R Thomas & Company owned hundreds of acres of Bartlett pear orchards on the east side of the Ukiah Valley. For nearly 90 years, many local residents and migrant workers have been employed packing the pears for domestic and foreign consumption. On December 1, 2008, the company announced it would be shutting down major operations at the end of the year. Several acres of orchard have been torn down and replaced with vineyards since the packing shed closed its doors.

The Ukiah Valley is home to two breweries, the Mendocino Brewing Company and the Ukiah Brewing Company. The Ukiah Brewing Company is America's first certified organic brewpub, and the nation's second organic restaurant. The Mendocino Brewing Company is internationally renowned as a brewer of traditional ales. Established at Hopland in 1983 as the first California brewpub. Mendocino Brewing Company relocated their brewery to a state-of-the-art facility in Ukiah in 1996, and their Ale House, now located just one block north at 1252 Airport Park Blvd, behind Les Schwab Tires, in the Park Falls Plaza, in 2011.

Other important Ukiah products include grapes (wine and non-wine use) and lumber. The Ukiah area is at the headwaters of the Russian River. Its rich bottomland supports many small, and mostly organic farms, that grow fruits and vegetables, and support sheep and cattle.

Arts and culture[edit]

Grace Hudson's Sun House; designed by Grace and John Hudson circa 1911 in the Craftsman style

Institutions of the arts include:

Government[edit]

  • Mayor for 2009- Phil Baldwin (appointed by council based on seniority for one year term)
  • Councilmembers
    • Phil Baldwin (Elected 2000 - seat up for election 2014)
    • Mari Rodin (Appointed 2002 - seat up for election 2012)
    • Douglas F. Crane (Elected 2004 - seat up for election 2012)
    • Benj Thomas (Elected 2006 - seat up for election 2014)
    • Mary Anne Landis (Appointed 2009 - seat up for election 2014)
  • City Manager- Jane Chambers (hired 2008)
  • City Treasurer- Allen Carter
  • City Clerk- JoAnne Currie (Appointed 2009)
  • City Attorney- David Rapport

Schools[edit]

Ukiah Unified School District[edit]

  • Ukiah High School
  • Calpella Elementary School
  • Eagle Peak Middle School (Redwood Valley)
  • Nokomis Elementary School
  • Oak Manor Elementary School
  • Pomolita Middle School
  • South Valley High
  • Yokayo Elementary School
  • Frank Zeek Elementary School
  • Tree of Life Montessori Charter School
  • Grace Hudson Elementary School
  • River Oak Charter School
  • Ukiah Independent Study Academy

Other K-12 schools[edit]

  • Accelerated Achievement Academy
  • Redwood Academy of Ukiah
  • Deep Valley Christian School
  • Seventh-day Adventist Junior Academy
  • Trinity School
  • Instilling Goodness / Developing Virtue School
  • St. Mary of the Angels Catholic School

Colleges[edit]

Mendocino College

Notable people[edit]

Facts about Ukiah[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Census
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Ukiah
  3. ^ a b c d Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Clovis, Calif.: Word Dancer Press. p. 162. ISBN 1-884995-14-4. 
  4. ^ Cramptin, Norman (1996). The 100 Best Small Towns in America. 
  5. ^ http://www.wrcc.dri.edu/cgi-bin/cliMAIN.pl?ca9122
  6. ^ National Climatic Center (ggweather.com)
  7. ^ Kroeber, Alfred L. (1916), "California place names of Indian origin", University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology 12 (2): 31–69 .
  8. ^ Stindt, Fred A. (1978). The Northwestern Pacific Railroad Redwood Empire Route (3rd Edition ed.). Fred A. Stindt. 
  9. ^ Catherine Wessinger (2000) How the Millennium Comes Violently: From Jonestown to Heaven's Gate ISBN 978-1-889119-24-3
  10. ^ "The Religious Movements Homepage Project: Peoples Temple". Archived from the original on 2006-09-07. 
  11. ^ ref|http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u9rSN05Pi94
  12. ^ "Historical Census Populations of Places, Towns, and Cities in California, 1850-2000". California Dept. of Finance. Retrieved 2011-11-12. 
  13. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Ukiah city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  15. ^ "Senators". State of California. Retrieved March 10, 2013. 
  16. ^ "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved March 2, 2013. 
  17. ^ "California's 2nd Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 1, 2013. 
  18. ^ California Tribes and Organizations, 500 Nations, retrieved 3 August 2009
  19. ^ Private-sector employers - Mendocino County
  20. ^ "AFI Biography". Retrieved 2007-12-01. 
  21. ^ "Ghost Tigers: Frequently Asked Questions". Retrieved 2007-12-01. 
  22. ^ Edward Burke, SR/Olympic Athletes, 2013
  23. ^ Mason, Clark, Ukiah's own just misses Miss America crown: Miss California Melissa Chaty finishes among top 8 finalists in retooled pageant, The Press Democrat, January 27, 2008
  24. ^ Taylor, Dan (2011-01-15). "Ukiah Teen's Faith in music". Press Democrat. Retrieved 2011-09-23. 
  25. ^ Maginnis-Honey, Amy (2011-09-21). "16-year-old aspires to country music career". Daily Republic. Retrieved 2011-09-23. "The Ukiah resident" 
  26. ^ Shiloh Fernandez, Ethnic, August 4, 2012
  27. ^ Tony Russell (August 1997). The blues: from Robert Johnson to Robert Cray. Schirmer Books. ISBN 978-0-02-864862-0. 
  28. ^ Vintage Guitar magazine interview, April 29, 2001
  29. ^ Searles R. Boynton (1978). The painter lady: Grace Carpenter Hudson. Interface California Corporation. ISBN 978-0-915580-04-0. 
  30. ^ Our Story, Grace Hudson Museum, 2013
  31. ^ Newton, Michael (1999). The Encyclopedia of Serial Killers. p. 134. ISBN 0-8160-3979-8. 
  32. ^ Darrel McClure Biography, Ask Art, 2013
  33. ^ "Holly Near Biography". Retrieved 2007-12-01. 
  34. ^ Harold Leonard Perry Sr., Inside Bay Area from May 3–4, 2009, accessed October 10, 2013
  35. ^ "'Free throws' are his forte". Ukiah Daily Journal. January 3, 1993. p. 1. Retrieved March 14, 2012. 
  36. ^ Jackel, Pete (October 6, 2005). "Focus on Football: Rodgers preparing for his moment". RacineSportsZone.com. JournalTimes.com. Retrieved March 14, 2012. 
  37. ^ Jeudy, Sébastien, Interview with Carl Sassenrath, Obligement, May 2007, accessed October 10, 2013
  38. ^ "Jeremiah M "Doc" Standley". Find a Grave. Retrieved 2011-04-04. 
  39. ^ http://www.freeones.com/html/k_links/Kenzi_Marie/.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  40. ^ George Mair (18 February 2005). A life with purpose: Reverend Rick Warren, the most inspiring pastor of our time. Berkley Books. p. 34. ISBN 978-0-425-20174-9. 

External links[edit]

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