1
What Happened to the Names?! Making the Jump to the 1840 Census
What Happened to the Names?! Making the Jump to the 1840 Census
DATE: 2013/06/07::
2
That no tax will be paid, by white, black or Indian
That no tax will be paid, by white, black or Indian
DATE: 2013/06/17::
3
U.S Census Part 4
U.S Census Part 4
DATE: 2008/07/10::
4
Charleston, South Carolina, USA 1 Collage Video - youtube.com/tanvideo11
Charleston, South Carolina, USA 1 Collage Video - youtube.com/tanvideo11
DATE: 2013/12/18::
5
Old Charleston, South Carolina: "City of Proud Memories" 1934 Audio Productions
Old Charleston, South Carolina: "City of Proud Memories" 1934 Audio Productions
DATE: 2013/10/25::
6
Everything is a disorder., Mental health manual is "dangerous"
Everything is a disorder., Mental health manual is "dangerous"
DATE: 2012/02/18::
7
La Liendre Ghost town  New Mexico 12 hour time-lapse
La Liendre Ghost town New Mexico 12 hour time-lapse
DATE: 2013/01/29::
8
Charleston SC Bridge Road View Tour
Charleston SC Bridge Road View Tour
DATE: 2012/10/10::
9
African American Population Density, 1840 - 2000
African American Population Density, 1840 - 2000
DATE: 2010/11/23::
10
Historic Margaretta Hall Mansion, Circa 1840 Aerial Tour
Historic Margaretta Hall Mansion, Circa 1840 Aerial Tour
DATE: 2015/03/26::
11
Restaurants in USA - 3 star michelin restaurants in usa - fast food restaurants in usa
Restaurants in USA - 3 star michelin restaurants in usa - fast food restaurants in usa
DATE: 2014/08/09::
12
Charleston and Kiawah Island, SC Aug.- 2012. HD Samsung W300
Charleston and Kiawah Island, SC Aug.- 2012. HD Samsung W300
DATE: 2012/12/07::
13
U.S Election of 1840
U.S Election of 1840
DATE: 2013/04/04::
14
White Population Density, 1840 - 2000
White Population Density, 1840 - 2000
DATE: 2010/11/23::
15
Charleston Place Hotel Room Tour
Charleston Place Hotel Room Tour
DATE: 2012/10/11::
16
United States Census 2000 commercial--overcrowded school
United States Census 2000 commercial--overcrowded school
DATE: 2011/05/23::
17
Charleston Place Hotel Tour
Charleston Place Hotel Tour
DATE: 2012/10/11::
18
America
America's Political False Dichotomy - HD version
DATE: 2009/04/15::
19
Charleston Place Hotel Front Outside Fountain and Door Char
Charleston Place Hotel Front Outside Fountain and Door Char
DATE: 2012/10/08::
20
State-Level Popular Voting in Presidential Elections, 1840 - 2008
State-Level Popular Voting in Presidential Elections, 1840 - 2008
DATE: 2010/11/23::
21
Navigating the 1940 U.S. Census - a Preview by Thomas MacEntee
Navigating the 1940 U.S. Census - a Preview by Thomas MacEntee
DATE: 2012/03/22::
22
Statistical Malpractice at the U.S. Census Bureau?
Statistical Malpractice at the U.S. Census Bureau?
DATE: 2012/06/10::
23
Shanedk: Hooked on Audiblox
Shanedk: Hooked on Audiblox
DATE: 2009/04/19::
24
Ancestry.com 15th Anniversary - Figuring Through Census Records with Varied Information
Ancestry.com 15th Anniversary - Figuring Through Census Records with Varied Information
DATE: 2011/10/13::
25
New Census is A Criminal Fraud!
New Census is A Criminal Fraud!
DATE: 2013/04/27::
26
Georgetown, Texas Why It
Georgetown, Texas Why It's A Great Place To Buy Real Estate
DATE: 2013/08/14::
27
Upchurch Stories - Upchurches in the 1790 US Census
Upchurch Stories - Upchurches in the 1790 US Census
DATE: 2013/06/07::
28
West Virginia Travel Destination & Attractions | Visit Harpers Ferry Show
West Virginia Travel Destination & Attractions | Visit Harpers Ferry Show
DATE: 2015/04/24::
29
Historical Movement of U.S. Population
Historical Movement of U.S. Population
DATE: 2013/03/01::
30
US Population Shifting to South and West
US Population Shifting to South and West
DATE: 2010/12/22::
31
[LIVE] Shiny Plusle After 368 HE / 1840 Seen (Pokemon X)
[LIVE] Shiny Plusle After 368 HE / 1840 Seen (Pokemon X)
DATE: 2015/04/12::
32
オンライン英会話マンツーマン家庭教師エイゴル 1840-Alejo
オンライン英会話マンツーマン家庭教師エイゴル 1840-Alejo
DATE: 2013/09/02::
33
Caldera, Copiapó Province, Atacama Region, Chile, South America
Caldera, Copiapó Province, Atacama Region, Chile, South America
DATE: 2014/02/01::
34
US Population Mean Center Over Time
US Population Mean Center Over Time
DATE: 2012/05/25::
35
Ancestry.com Mexico Census: Edward Olmos Talks about his Family History & the 1930 Mexico Census
Ancestry.com Mexico Census: Edward Olmos Talks about his Family History & the 1930 Mexico Census
DATE: 2011/12/08::
36
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
DATE: 2011/01/26::
37
Historical Population Density 1790-2010
Historical Population Density 1790-2010
DATE: 2013/03/11::
38
America
America's Political False Dichotomy
DATE: 2008/09/12::
39
Prostitution has been legalized in Northeast Ohio
Prostitution has been legalized in Northeast Ohio
DATE: 2010/11/18::
40
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA Part 2
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA Part 2
DATE: 2011/01/26::
41
500 Water Street Haverhill, MA
500 Water Street Haverhill, MA
DATE: 2014/04/24::
42
Super Potts World
Super Potts World
DATE: 2009/01/03::
43
The Potts Man Comedy Hour
The Potts Man Comedy Hour
DATE: 2010/10/13::
44
Potts Man All Stars
Potts Man All Stars
DATE: 2009/07/31::
45
LiveLeak.comOfficer framing citizen on camera [2-04-2014]
LiveLeak.comOfficer framing citizen on camera [2-04-2014]
DATE: 2014/02/05::
46
It
It's an 50 's flashback!! Asbury Park, NJ
DATE: 2014/05/15::
47
More White People Died Than Were Born in 2012
More White People Died Than Were Born in 2012
DATE: 2013/06/17::
48
Population Milestone - Census Reports Drop Off Of White Americans - Megyn Kelly
Population Milestone - Census Reports Drop Off Of White Americans - Megyn Kelly
DATE: 2013/06/14::
49
Magic Maps: U.S. Population Tutorial
Magic Maps: U.S. Population Tutorial
DATE: 2011/04/06::
50
The Great Black Migration and How It Changed America: African-American History (1991)
The Great Black Migration and How It Changed America: African-American History (1991)
DATE: 2014/05/15::
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RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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The United States Census of 1840 was the sixth census of the United States. Conducted by the Census Office on June 1, 1840, it determined the resident population of the United States to be 17,069,453 — an increase of 32.7 percent over the 12,866,020 persons enumerated during the 1830 Census. The total population included 2,487,355 slaves. In 1840, the center of population was about 260 miles (418 km) west of Washington, near Weston, Virginia.

Controversy over statistics for mental illness among Northern blacks[edit]

The 1840 Census was the first that attempted to count Americans who were "insane" or "idiotic". Published results of the census indicated that alarming numbers of black persons living in non-slaveholding States were mentally ill, in striking contrast to the corresponding figures for slaveholding States.

Pro-slavery advocates trumpeted the results as evidence of the beneficial effects of slavery, and the probable consequences of emancipation.[1] Anti-slavery advocates contended, on the contrary, that the published returns were riddled with errors, as detailed in an 1844 report by Edward Jarvis of Massachusetts in the American Journal of the Medical Sciences, later published separately as a pamphlet,[1][2] and in a memorial from the American Statistical Association to Congress, praying that measures be taken to correct the errors.[3]

The memorial was submitted to the House of Representatives by John Quincy Adams, who contended that it demonstrated "a multitude of gross and important errors" in the published returns.[4] In response to the House's request for an inquiry, Secretary of State John C. Calhoun reported that a careful examination of the statistics by the supervisor of the census had fully sustained their correctness.[5][6] The returns were not revised.[7]

Census questions[edit]

The 1840 census asked these questions:[8]

  • Name of head of family
  • Address
  • Number of free white males and females
    • in five-year age groups to age 20
    • in 10-year age groups from 20 to 100
    • 100 years and older
  • number of slaves and free colored persons in six age groups
  • number of deaf and dumb, by race
  • number of blind, by race
  • number of insane and idiotic in public or private charge, by race
  • number of persons in each family employed in seven classes of occupation
  • number of schools and number of scholars
  • number of white persons over 20 who could not read and write
  • number of pensioners for Revolutionary or military service

Data availability[edit]

No microdata from the 1840 population census are available, but aggregate data for small areas, together with compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. A compendium of data from the sixth census, organized by States, counties, and principal towns is available on the web site of the Census Bureau.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Leon F. Litwack (1958), "The Federal Government and the Free Negro, 1790-1860", Journal of Negro History 43 (4): 261–78, 263–68, JSTOR 2716144 , and sources there cited.
  2. ^ Edward Jarvis (1844). Insanity Among the Coloured Population of the Free States. Philadelphia: T.K. & P.G. Collins, Printers. Retrieved May 31, 2013. 
  3. ^ Edward Jarvis; William Brigham; J. Wingate Thornton (1844). Memorial of the American Statistical Association Praying the Adoption of Measures for the Correction of Errors in the Returns of the Sixth Census. Public Documents Printed by Order of the Senate of the United States, Second Session of the Twenty-Eighth Congress I (5). Retrieved May 31, 2013. 
  4. ^ John Quincy Adams (1877). Charles Francis Adams, ed. Memoirs of John Quincy Adams: comprising portions of his diary from 1795 to 1848. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co. pp. 27–28, 61, 119–20. Retrieved May 31, 2013. 
  5. ^ Litwack (1958), 267
  6. ^ John Caldwell Calhoun; South Carolina General Assembly (1859). Richard K. Crallé, ed. The Works of John C. Calhoun: Reports and Public Letters V. New York: D. Appleton and Company. p. 458. Retrieved May 31, 2013.  Calhoun engaged William A. Weaver, the superintendent of the 1840 census, to review the figures and check them against related data from the 1830 census. Ibid. Weaver reported that he had examined "each specification of error" and concluded that the memorialists had themselves erred in their claims. While there doubtless had been minor errors, he said, there had been no glaring methodological mistakes as charged. See William Edwin Hemphill, ed., The Papers of John C. Calhoun: 1845, Columbia, S.C.: Univ. of South Carolina Press, 1993, vol. 21, p. 156.
  7. ^ Litwack (1958), 268
  8. ^ "Library Bibliography Bulletin 88, New York State Census Records, 1790-1925". New York State Library. 1981.  Note that several pages on U.S. federal web sites incorrectly assert that the 1840 census questionnaire closely followed that from the 1830 census, which did not include questions concerning mental illness.

External links[edit]


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