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DOI: The Department of the Interior
DOI: The Department of the Interior
Published: 2011/07/11
Channel: BLMOREGON
Secretary Zinke Arrives at Interior
Secretary Zinke Arrives at Interior
Published: 2017/03/02
Channel: US Department of the Interior
Hearing: Department of the Interior Budget (EventID=106055)
Hearing: Department of the Interior Budget (EventID=106055)
Published: 2017/06/08
Channel: HouseAppropsGOP
U.S. Department of the Interior: It Gets Better
U.S. Department of the Interior: It Gets Better
Published: 2011/09/01
Channel: US Department of the Interior
Who let the dogs into the Department of the Interior?
Who let the dogs into the Department of the Interior?
Published: 2017/05/05
Channel: CBS This Morning
Made in America: What Interior Does For You
Made in America: What Interior Does For You
Published: 2017/07/18
Channel: US Department of the Interior
"Doggys Days" at Interior
"Doggys Days" at Interior
Published: 2017/05/05
Channel: US Department of the Interior
Trump taps Zinke to lead Interior Department
Trump taps Zinke to lead Interior Department
Published: 2016/12/15
Channel: Newsy
This Week at Interior August 5, 2016
This Week at Interior August 5, 2016
Published: 2016/08/05
Channel: US Department of the Interior
This Year at Interior 2014
This Year at Interior 2014
Published: 2014/12/19
Channel: US Department of the Interior
EPA, USDA, and Dept. of Interior Employees Banned from Mentioning Climate Change
EPA, USDA, and Dept. of Interior Employees Banned from Mentioning Climate Change
Published: 2017/01/25
Channel: freespeechtv
Alabama: Heart of the Confederacy 1937 US Department of Interior, National Park Service
Alabama: Heart of the Confederacy 1937 US Department of Interior, National Park Service
Published: 2013/05/10
Channel: Jeff Quitney
President Obama Address at the Department of the Interior
President Obama Address at the Department of the Interior
Published: 2009/09/20
Channel: US Department of the Interior
First-Ever Doggie Day At Interior Dept.
First-Ever Doggie Day At Interior Dept.
Published: 2017/05/05
Channel: CBS New York
Interior Dept. recommends shrinking Bears Ears
Interior Dept. recommends shrinking Bears Ears
Published: 2017/06/13
Channel: Newsy
Department of the Interior Celebrates Made in America Week
Department of the Interior Celebrates Made in America Week
Published: 2017/07/18
Channel: The White House
Cybersecurity: The Department of the Interior
Cybersecurity: The Department of the Interior
Published: 2015/07/15
Channel: oversightandreform
Secretary Zinke Greets Interior Employees on the Agency
Secretary Zinke Greets Interior Employees on the Agency's Birthday
Published: 2017/03/04
Channel: US Department of the Interior
Happy Holidays from the Department of the Interior!
Happy Holidays from the Department of the Interior!
Published: 2014/12/22
Channel: US Department of the Interior
An Interview with Rhea Suh, U.S. Department of the Interior, on the Proposed Rulemaking Process
An Interview with Rhea Suh, U.S. Department of the Interior, on the Proposed Rulemaking Process
Published: 2014/07/30
Channel: OHAHawaii
Happy Holidays from the Department of the Interior
Happy Holidays from the Department of the Interior
Published: 2013/12/18
Channel: US Department of the Interior
U.S. Department of the Interior
U.S. Department of the Interior's Ben Simon
Published: 2016/10/05
Channel: Fun Outdoors
Introduction - Department of Interior
Introduction - Department of Interior
Published: 2016/07/29
Channel: RPCV Careers
What Does the Department of Interior
What Does the Department of Interior's "Final Rule" Mean for Hawaii?
Published: 2016/10/01
Channel: ThinkTech Hawaii
A look back at 2012 from the Department of the Interior
A look back at 2012 from the Department of the Interior
Published: 2013/01/08
Channel: US Department of the Interior
ALF  Department of Interior PSA 1989 Save The Planet
ALF Department of Interior PSA 1989 Save The Planet
Published: 2017/01/24
Channel: Analog Memories
#031 - The U.S. Department of the Interior: 500 Million Acres & 1,200 Aircraft (Drones Included) wit
#031 - The U.S. Department of the Interior: 500 Million Acres & 1,200 Aircraft (Drones Included) wit
Published: 2017/01/11
Channel: Commercial Drones FM
Not all heroes wear a cape: American Heroes Week at Interior
Not all heroes wear a cape: American Heroes Week at Interior
Published: 2017/07/25
Channel: US Department of the Interior
TVA: "Tennessee Valley" 1936 US Department of Interior; Norris Dam Construction...
TVA: "Tennessee Valley" 1936 US Department of Interior; Norris Dam Construction...
Published: 2016/09/28
Channel: Jeff Quitney
Department of the Interior Building and Federal Reserve Building in Washington DC...HD Stock Footage
Department of the Interior Building and Federal Reserve Building in Washington DC...HD Stock Footage
Published: 2014/05/13
Channel: CriticalPast
RPCV Employer Spotlight: U.S. Department of Interior
RPCV Employer Spotlight: U.S. Department of Interior
Published: 2016/07/27
Channel: RPCV Careers
The Department of the Interior Support for Wounded Warriors
The Department of the Interior Support for Wounded Warriors
Published: 2011/08/12
Channel: US Department of the Interior
Tommy Beaudreau, Chief of Staff at the U.S. Department of the Interior
Tommy Beaudreau, Chief of Staff at the U.S. Department of the Interior
Published: 2016/03/01
Channel: Columbia SIPA
Mr. Hurd Opening Statement - Cybersecurity: The Department of the Interior
Mr. Hurd Opening Statement - Cybersecurity: The Department of the Interior
Published: 2015/07/15
Channel: oversightandreform
Secretary Zinke Utah Trip
Secretary Zinke Utah Trip
Published: 2017/05/18
Channel: US Department of the Interior
Hearing: Department of the Interior FY 2016 Budget (EventID=102985)
Hearing: Department of the Interior FY 2016 Budget (EventID=102985)
Published: 2015/02/25
Channel: HouseAppropsGOP
U.S. Congressional Hearing on FY2015 Interior Department Budget
U.S. Congressional Hearing on FY2015 Interior Department Budget
Published: 2014/04/03
Channel: PierluisiCongress
Cantwell on Department of the Interior FY 2016 Budget
Cantwell on Department of the Interior FY 2016 Budget
Published: 2015/02/24
Channel: SenatorCantwell
1937 U.S. Department of the Interior Film "Alabama Highlands" Civilian Conservation Corps
1937 U.S. Department of the Interior Film "Alabama Highlands" Civilian Conservation Corps
Published: 2017/01/04
Channel: KING NINE WILL NOT RETURN НКВД
13-16182 Timbisha Shoshone Tribe v. US Department of the Interior
13-16182 Timbisha Shoshone Tribe v. US Department of the Interior
Published: 2016/01/04
Channel: United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
USAJOBS tips and tricks - Department of Interior
USAJOBS tips and tricks - Department of Interior
Published: 2016/07/29
Channel: RPCV Careers
From top climate policy official to accounting. Welcome to Trump
From top climate policy official to accounting. Welcome to Trump's Department of Interior.
Published: 2017/07/20
Channel: Washington Post
U.S. Rep Cathy McMorris Expected to Lead Interior Department
U.S. Rep Cathy McMorris Expected to Lead Interior Department
Published: 2016/12/09
Channel: Wochit News
US Secretary Ken Salazar from the Department of the Interior
US Secretary Ken Salazar from the Department of the Interior
Published: 2014/10/07
Channel: genjusticeTV
Department of the Interior Memories 1958 1959 1969 Bowling Green Aye Zooma Zooma
Department of the Interior Memories 1958 1959 1969 Bowling Green Aye Zooma Zooma
Published: 2017/08/18
Channel: Theocracy of the United States of America
Interview with Bernard J. Mazer, CIO, Department of the Interior
Interview with Bernard J. Mazer, CIO, Department of the Interior
Published: 2012/06/04
Channel: GovernmentCIO
The Honorable Ken Salazar, Secretary, Department of the Interior
The Honorable Ken Salazar, Secretary, Department of the Interior
Published: 2012/03/26
Channel: IAFF
Interior’s Role in American Energy Dominance
Interior’s Role in American Energy Dominance
Published: 2017/06/27
Channel: US Department of the Interior
The U.S. Department of Interior hosted a demonstration of an unmanned helicopter at Lucky Peak
The U.S. Department of Interior hosted a demonstration of an unmanned helicopter at Lucky Peak
Published: 2015/10/14
Channel: Idaho Statesman
Secretary Zinke Visits Oregon
Secretary Zinke Visits Oregon
Published: 2017/07/20
Channel: US Department of the Interior
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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United States Department of the Interior
Seal of the United States Department of the Interior.svg
Seal of the U.S. Department of the Interior
Flag of the United States Department of the Interior.svg
Flag of the U.S. Department of the Interior
Department of the Interior by Matthew Bisanz.JPG
Main Interior Building
Agency overview
Formed March 3, 1849; 168 years ago (1849-03-03)
Type Department
Headquarters Main Interior Building
1849 C Street NW
Washington, D.C., U.S.
38°53′37.11″N 77°2′33.33″W / 38.8936417°N 77.0425917°W / 38.8936417; -77.0425917
Employees 70,003 (2012)[1]
Annual budget $20.7 billion (2013)[2]
Agency executives
Website www.DOI.gov

The United States Department of the Interior (DOI) is the United States federal executive department of the U.S. government responsible for the management and conservation of most federal land and natural resources, and the administration of programs relating to Native Americans, Alaska Natives, Native Hawaiians, territorial affairs, and insular areas of the United States. About 75% of federal public land is managed by the department, with most of the remainder managed by the United States Department of Agriculture's United States Forest Service.[3]

The Department is administered by the United States Secretary of the Interior, who is a member of the Cabinet of the President. The current Secretary is Ryan Zinke. The Inspector General position is currently vacant, with Mary Kendall serving as acting Inspector General.[4][5]

Despite its name, the Department of the Interior has a different role from that of the interior ministries of other nations, which are usually responsible for police matters and internal security. In the United States, national security and immigration functions are performed by the Department of Homeland Security primarily and the Department of Justice secondarily.

The Department of the Interior has often been humorously called "The Department of Everything Else" because of its broad range of responsibilities.[6]

History[edit]

Formation of the department[edit]

A department for domestic concern was first considered by the 1st United States Congress in 1789, but those duties were placed in the Department of State. The idea of a separate domestic department continued to percolate for a half-century and was supported by Presidents from James Madison to James Polk. The 1846–48 Mexican–American War gave the proposal new steam as the responsibilities of the federal government grew. Polk's Secretary of the Treasury, Robert J. Walker, became a vocal champion of creating the new department.[citation needed]

In 1849, Walker stated in his annual report that several federal offices were placed in departments with which they had little to do. He noted that the General Land Office had little to do with the Treasury and also highlighted the Indian Affairs office, part of the Department of War, and the Patent Office, part of the Department of State. Walker argued that these and other bureaus should be brought together in a new Department of the Interior.[citation needed] A bill authorizing its creation of the Department passed the House of Representatives on February 15, 1849, and spent just over two weeks in the Senate. The Department was established on March 3, 1849 (9 Stat. 395), the eve of President Zachary Taylor's inauguration, when the Senate voted 31 to 25 to create the Department. Its passage was delayed by Democrats in Congress who were reluctant to create more patronage posts for the incoming Whig administration to fill. The first Secretary of the Interior was Thomas Ewing.[citation needed]

Early and later years of the department[edit]

Many of the domestic concerns the Department originally dealt with were gradually transferred to other Departments. Other agencies became separate Departments, such as the Bureau of Agriculture, which later became the Department of Agriculture. However, land and natural resource management, American Indian affairs, wildlife conservation, and territorial affairs remain the responsibilities of the Department of the Interior.[citation needed]

As of mid-2004, the Department managed 507 million acres (2,050,000 km²) of surface land, or about one-fifth of the land in the United States. It manages 476 dams and 348 reservoirs through the Bureau of Reclamation, 410 national parks, monuments, seashore sites, etc. through the National Park Service, and 544 national wildlife refuges through the Fish and Wildlife Service. Energy projects on federally managed lands and offshore areas supply about 28% of the nation's energy production.[citation needed]

American Indians[edit]

Within the Interior Department, the Bureau of Indian Affairs handles some federal relations with Native Americans, while others are handled by the Office of Special Trustee. The current acting Assistant Secretary for Indian Affairs is Lawrence S. Roberts, an enrolled member of the Oneida Tribe in Wisconsin.

The Department has been the subject of disputes over proper accounting for Native American Trusts set up to track the income and distribution of monies that are generated by the Trust and specific Native American lands, which the government leases for fees to companies that extract oil, timber, minerals, and other resources. Several cases have sought an accounting of such funds from departments within the Interior and Treasury (such as the Minerals Management Service), in what has been a 15-year-old lawsuit. In addition, some Native American nations have sued the government over water-rights issues and their treaties with the US. In 2010 Congress passed the Claims Settlement Act of 2010 (Public Law 111-291), which provided $3.4 billion for the settlement of the Cobell v. Salazar class-action trust case and four Native American water rights cases.[7]

The $3.4 billion will be placed in a still-to-be-selected bank and $1.4 billion will go to individuals, mostly in the form of checks ranging from $500 to $1,500. A small group, such as members of the Osage tribe who benefit from huge Oklahoma oil revenues, will get far more, based on a formula incorporating their 10 highest years of income between 1985 and 2009. As important, $2 billion will be used to buy trust land from Native American owners at fair market prices, with the government finally returning the land to tribes. Nobody can be forced to sell.[8]

Operating units[edit]

The hierarchy of the U.S. Department of the Interior.
  • Assistant Secretary for Policy, Management, and Budget
    • Deputy Assistant Secretary for Policy and International Affairs
      • Office of Environmental Policy and Compliance
      • Office of International Affairs
      • Office of Native Hawaiian Relations
      • Office of Restoration and Damage Assessment
      • Office of Policy Analysis
    • Deputy Assistant Secretary for Budget, Finance, Performance and Acquisition
      • Office of Budget
      • Office of Financial Management
      • Office of Planning and Performance Management
      • FBMS Program Management Office
      • Office of Acquisition and Property Management
      • Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization
    • Deputy Assistant Secretary for Human Capital & Diversity
      • Office of Human Resources
      • Office of Occupational Safety and Health
      • Office of Strategic Employee and Organizational Development
      • Office of Youth, Partnerships and Service
      • Office of Civil Rights
    • Deputy Assistant Secretary for Technology, Information and Business Services
      • Office of Collaborative Action and Dispute Resolution
      • Office of Valuation Services
      • Interior Business Center
      • Office of Hearings and Appeals
      • Office of Facilities and Administrative Services
      • Office of the Chief Information Officer
    • Deputy Assistant Secretary for Public Safety, Resource Protection and Emergency Services (DAS-PRE)
      • Office of Emergency Management (OEM)
      • Office of Law Enforcement and Security (OLES)
      • Office of Wildland Fire
      • Office of Aviation Services (OAS)
      • Interagency Borderland Coordinator
    • Deputy Assistant Secretary for Natural Resources Revenue Management
      • Office of Natural Resources Revenue
  • Assistant Secretary for Fish, Wildlife, and Parks
  • Assistant Secretary for Indian Affairs
    • Deputy Assistant Secretary for Management
      • Office of the Chief Financial Officer (OCFO)
      • Office of the Chief Information Officer (OCIO)
      • Office of Human Capital Management (OHCM)
      • Office of Planning and Policy Analysis (OPPA)
      • Office of Facilities, Environmental and Cultural Resources (OFECR)
    • Deputy Assistant Secretary for Policy and Economic Development
      • Office of Indian Energy and Economic Development (IEED)
      • Office of Indian Gaming (OIG)
      • Office of Self-Governance (OSG)
    • Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA)
      • Office of Indian Services (OIS)
      • Office of Field Operations (OFO)
      • Office of Justice Services (OJS)
      • Office of Trust Services (OTS)
    • Bureau of Indian Education (BIE)
    • Office of External Affairs
      • Office of Congressional and Legislative Affairs (OCLA)
      • Office of Public Affairs (OPA)
    • Office of Federal Acknowledgment (OFA)
    • Office of Regulatory Management (ORM)
  • Assistant Secretary for Land and Minerals Management
  • Assistant Secretary for Water and Science
  • Assistant Secretary for Insular Affairs
  • Solicitor
    • Office of the Solicitor (SOL)
  • Office of the Inspector General (OIG)
    • Office of General Counsel
    • Assistant Inspector General for Investigations
      • Office of Investigations
    • Assistant Inspector General for Audits, Inspections, and Evaluations
      • Office of Audits, Inspections, and Evaluations
    • Assistant Inspector General for Management
      • Office of Management
    • Associate Inspector General for External Affairs
    • Associate Inspector General for Whistleblower Protection
    • Strategy Management Office
    • Associate Inspector General for Communications
  • Chief Information Officer
  • Special Trustee for American Indians
  • Federal Executive Boards
  • Interior Museum
  • National Indian Gaming Commission (NIGC)

Controversy[edit]

Secretary of the Interior Albert B. Fall was implicated in the Teapot Dome scandal of 1921. He was convicted of bribery in 1929, and served one year in prison, for his part in the controversy. A major factor in the scandal was a transfer of certain oil leases from the jurisdiction of the Department of the Navy to that of the Department of the Interior, at Fall's behest.

Secretary of the Interior James G. Watt—already facing criticism related to his alleged hostility to environmentalism and his support of the development and use of federal lands by foresting, ranching, and other commercial interests, and for banning The Beach Boys from playing a 1983 Independence Day concert on the National Mall out of concerns of attracting "an undesirable element"—resigned abruptly after a September 21, 1983, speech in which he said about his staff: "I have a black, a woman, two Jews and a cripple. And we have talent."[9] Within weeks of making this statement, Watt submitted his resignation letter.[9][10]

Under the Administration of President George W. Bush, the Interior Department's maintenance backlog climbed from $5 billion to $8.7 billion, despite Bush's campaign pledges to eliminate it completely. Of the agency under Bush's leadership, Interior Department Inspector General Earl Devaney has cited a "culture of fear" and of "ethical failure." Devaney has also said, "Simply stated, short of a crime, anything goes at the highest levels of the Department of Interior."[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ FY 2014 Interior Budget in Brief - Appendix O
  2. ^ FY 2014 Interior Budget in Brief - Appendix A
  3. ^ GAO, "Federal Land Management: Observations on a Possible Move of the Forest Service into the Department of the Interior", February 11, 2009
  4. ^ "About the Inspector General". U.S. Department of the Interior. Retrieved 16 July 2015. 
  5. ^ "Oversight: The Office of the Inspector General for the Department of the Interior". Committee on Natural Resources. Retrieved 16 July 2015. 
  6. ^ "History", National Park Service web page. Retrieved 2010-05-20.
  7. ^ Curtis, Mary C., "Obama Hails Passage of Settlement for Native Americans, Black Farmers", The Huffington Post, 30 November 2010. Accessed 1 December 2011.
  8. ^ Warren, James, "A Victory for Native Americans?", The Atlantic, 7 June 2010.
  9. ^ a b 556. James G Watt, US Secretary of the Interior., "Simpson’s Contemporary Quotations" (1988) via bartleby.com and Wayback Machine.
  10. ^ RMOA - Document
  11. ^ "Bush legacy leaves uphill climb for U.S. parks", Los Angeles Times, January 25, 2009.

Further reading[edit]

  • Crimes Against Nature by Robert F. Kennedy, Jr. (2004)
  • Utley, Robert M. and Barry Mackintosh; The Department of Everything Else: Highlights of Interior History; Dept. of the Interior, Washington, D.C.; 1989

External links[edit]

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