|United States District Court for the Southern District of Iowa
|Appeals to||Eighth Circuit|
|Established||July 20, 1882|
|Chief judge||James E. Gritzner|
The United States District Court for the Southern District of Iowa (in case citations, S.D. Iowa) has jurisdiction over forty-seven of Iowa's ninety-nine counties. It is subject to the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit).
The United States District Court for the District of Iowa, established on March 3, 1845, by 5 Stat. 789, was subdivided into the current Northern and Southern Districts on July 20, 1882, by 22 Stat. 172. Initially, one judge was assigned to each District.
By 1927, a backlog of unresolved cases dating back to 1920 had developed. In October 1927, Judge Martin Joseph Wade announced that he "was through" attempting to try cases requiring more than one day, but urged Congress to create a second judgeship for the Southern District of Iowa. On January 19, 1928, President Calvin Coolidge signed into law a bill that authorized a second judgeship for the District, with the proviso that when the existing judgeship (held by Judge Wade) becomes vacant, it shall not be filled unless authorized by Congress. When the original judgeship became vacant upon Wade's death in 1931, Congress did not act to reauthorize it, leaving the Southern District with a single judgeship. A second judgeship in the Southern District was not reauthorized by Congress until 1979, with the creation of the judgeship first held by Harold Duane Vietor.
In 1962, Congress created a new judgeship that would be shared by the Northern and Southern Districts of Iowa. The shared judgeship was replaced in 1990 when the shared judgeship (then held by Judge Donald Eugene O'Brien) was assigned entirely to the Northern District, and a third Southern District judgeship (first held by Judge Ronald Earl Longstaff) was authorized.
James E. Gritzner, John Alfred Jarvey and Stephanie Marie Rose currently serve on the bench as full, Article III judges while Ronald Earl Longstaff, Robert W Pratt, Harold Duane Vietor and Charles Wolle have the status of senior judges.
It is headquartered at the United States Court House in Des Moines, with satellite facilities in Council Bluffs and at the United States Court House in Davenport. Nicholas A. Klinefeldt is the current United States Attorney.
|#||Title||Judge||Duty station||Born||Term of service||Appointed by|
|17||Chief Judge||James E. Gritzner||Des Moines||1947||2002–present||2011–present||—||George W. Bush|
|18||District Judge||John Alfred Jarvey||Davenport||1956||2007–present||—||—||George W. Bush|
|19||District Judge||Stephanie Marie Rose||Des Moines||1972||2012–present||—||—||Barack Obama|
|13||Senior District Judge||Harold Duane Vietor||Des Moines||1931||1979–1996||1985–1992||1996–present||Jimmy Carter|
|14||Senior District Judge||Charles Robert Wolle||Des Moines||1935||1987–2001||1992–2001||2001–present||Ronald Reagan|
|15||Senior District Judge||Ronald Earl Longstaff||Des Moines||1941||1991–2006||2001–2006||2006–present||George H. W. Bush|
|16||Senior District Judge||Robert W. Pratt||Des Moines||1947||1997–2012||2006–2011||2012–present||Bill Clinton|
|#||Judge||Appointed by||Began active
|1||James M. Love||Franklin Pierce||October 5, 1855||July 2, 1891||–||death|
|2||John Simson Woolson||Benjamin Harrison||August 14, 1891||December 4, 1899||–||death|
|3||Smith McPherson||William McKinley||May 7, 1900||January 17, 1915||–||death|
|4||Martin Joseph Wade||Woodrow Wilson||March 3, 1915||April 16, 1931||–||death|
|5||Charles Almon Dewey||Calvin Coolidge||January 31, 1928||March 1, 1949||March 2, 1958||death|
|6||William F. Riley||Harry S. Truman||December 27, 1950||December 29, 1956||–||death|
|7||Carroll O. Switzer||Harry S. Truman||October 21, 1949||August 9, 1950||–||not confirmed|
|8||Edwin Richley Hicklin||Dwight D. Eisenhower||August 16, 1957||January 27, 1960||September 19, 1963||death|
|9||Roy Laverne Stephenson||Dwight D. Eisenhower||May 31, 1960||July 6, 1971||–||reappointment|
|10||William Cook Hanson||John F. Kennedy||July 23, 1962||August 15, 1977||June 6, 1995||death|
|11||William Corwin Stuart||Richard Nixon||November 1, 1971||April 30, 1986||August 12, 2010||death|
|12||Donald Eugene O'Brien||Jimmy Carter||October 5, 1978||December 1, 1990||–||assignment to another court|
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